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1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34451003

RESUMO

The mechanical properties of biological cells, especially the elastic modulus and viscosity of cells, have been identified to reflect cell viability and cell states. The existing measuring techniques need additional equipment or operation condition. This paper presents a cell's viscoelasticity measurement method based on the spheroidization process of non-spherical shaped cell. The viscoelasticity of porcine fetal fibroblast was measured. Firstly, we introduced the process of recording the spheroidization process of porcine fetal fibroblast. Secondly, we built the viscoelastic model for simulating a cell's spheroidization process. Then, we simulated the spheroidization process of porcine fetal fibroblast and got the simulated spheroidization process. By identifying the parameters in the viscoelastic model, we got the elasticity (500 Pa) and viscosity (10 Pa·s) of porcine fetal fibroblast. The results showed that the magnitude of the elasticity and viscosity were in agreement with those measured by traditional method. To verify the accuracy of the proposed method, we imitated the spheroidization process with silicone oil, a kind of viscous and uniform liquid with determined viscosity. We did the silicone oil's spheroidization experiment and simulated this process. The simulation results also fitted the experimental results well.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Animais , Simulação por Computador , Módulo de Elasticidade , Elasticidade , Suínos , Viscosidade
2.
Carbohydr Polym ; 229: 115390, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826456

RESUMO

Functionalized nano-starch particles, designed for the adsorption of heavy metals in wastewater, were prepared by a nano-processing, a halogenated grafting modification, a grafting copolymerization of surface-initiated atom transfer radical polymerization (SI-ATRP) and a quaternized modification of native corn starch. The influence of the synthesis process variables, such as the hydrolysis time, the concentration of monomer, the molar ratio of copper bromide (CuBr) to 2, 2'-bipyridine (bpy) and the graft copolymerization temperature on the properties of the products were studied. The morphology, molecular structure, crystalline structure of the functionalized nano-starch and its derivatives were characterized by Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The functionalized nano-starch showed strong adsorption for chromate and could be used as an effective wastewater treatment agent. Its adsorption capability could be almost totally regenerated by an easy process.

3.
Oncol Lett ; 16(3): 3555-3560, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30127961

RESUMO

The Abscopal effect is a rare phenomenon observed in the treatment of metastatic cancer, where localized irradiation causes a response in non-irradiated tumor sites. Due to the recent success of immunotherapies, the Abscopal effect of radiation therapy has received renewed clinical interest. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the Abscopal effect and radiotherapy treatment of patients with esophageal carcinoma. The present study reports the case of a 65-year-old male patient, who presented with esophageal carcinoma and lymph node metastasis. A transthoracic esophagectomy with left cervical, mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenectomies was performed. A total of 4 cycles of chemotherapy and maintenance therapy with Pembrolizumab was performed until September 2016. Metastases in the left retroperitoneal lymph node in addition to extensive metastases to the pelvic lymph node were observed. The patient received Cyberknife radiotherapy with a dose of 42 Gy in 6 daily fractions targeted at the left retroperitoneal lymph node. Two months after radiation therapy, a positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan revealed complete regression of all lymph node metastases. There is increasing clinical evidence supporting the efficacy of the Abscopal effect, which may be initiated by high-dose radiation. Further research is required to make the Abscopal effect clinically relevant, however it may have potential as a treatment option.

4.
Carbohydr Polym ; 181: 1112-1118, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29253939

RESUMO

This study reports on an environment-friendly renewable and zero formaldehyde-emission urea-oxidized starch (U-OSt) adhesive based on native corn starch. The adhesive was prepared by polycondensation reaction of oxidized starch and urea. The morphology, molecular structure, crystalline structure, shear strength and viscosity of the adhesive, the native and oxidized starch were instrumentally investigated. The influence of processing factors was studied, such as the oxidizer content, the urea content and the addition of titanium dioxide nanoparticle (nano-TiO2). The results show the adhesive has an excellent comprehensive performance at urea content of 50% (w/w, dry starch basis) while 5.0% (w/w, dry starch basis) KMnO4 as oxidizer. The dry shear strength was increased by 16.9% by adding of nano-TiO2 content of 1.5% (w/w, dry starch basis), and the corresponding viscosity was 4100mPas. It is found appropriate amount of nano-TiO2 played a complementary effect between adhesive and adherend, which enhanced the adhesive property and stability of adhesive.

5.
Oncotarget ; 7(49): 81750-81756, 2016 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27835582

RESUMO

Previous studies have investigated the prognostic significance of B7 homolog 3 (B7-H3) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), however, the results remain controversial. This study was aimed to determine the correlation between B7-H3 and survival as well as clnicalpathological characteristics in NSCLC using meta-analysis. We searched the electronic databases of PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) for relevant studies up to October 9, 2016. Pooled hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to estimate the impact of B7-H3 on overall survival (OS). Combined odds ratios (ORs) and 95%CIs were utilized to evaluate the correlations between B7-H3 and clinicalpathological features. This meta-analysis finally included 7 studies with 864 patients. The results showed that B7-H3 had no significant association with OS (HR=0.88, 95%CI: 0.36-2.13, p=0.776). High B7-H3 expression was a significant indicator of lymph node metastasis (OR=3.92, 95%CI: 2.65-5.81, p<0.001), and advanced TNM stage (OR=3.53, 95%CI: 2.45-5.09, p<0.001). B7-H3 has the potential to serve as a marker of tumor aggressiveness and lymph node metastasis in NSCLC. However, due to several limitations, further large-scale studies are needed to validate our results.


Assuntos
Antígenos B7/análise , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/química , Neoplasias Pulmonares/química , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/secundário , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/cirurgia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Regulação para Cima
6.
Onco Targets Ther ; 9: 1327-37, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27022288

RESUMO

The renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is one of the most common types of kidney neoplasia in Western countries; it is relatively resistant to conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Metabolic disorders have a profound effect on the degree of malignancy and treatment resistance of the tumor. However, the molecular characteristics related to impaired metabolism leading to the initiation of RCC are still not very clear. In this study, two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) and mass spectra (MS) technologies were utilized to identify the proteins involved in energy metabolism of RCC. A total of 73 proteins that were differentially expressed in conventional RCC, in comparison with the corresponding normal kidney tissues, were identified. Bioinformatics analysis has shown that these proteins are involved in glycolysis, urea cycle, and the metabolic pathways of pyruvate, propanoate, and arginine/proline. In addition, some were also involved in the signaling network of p53 and FAS. These results provide some clues for new therapeutic targets and treatment strategies of RCC.

7.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 3(3): 581-583, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26137270

RESUMO

For patients with locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), radiotherapy, chemotherapy and even targeted therapy are widely accepted treatments. These treatments, although they mostly achieve locoregional tumor control, they may also be associated with complex post-treatment changes, such as edema, loss of tissue planes, fibrosis, mucositis and scarring, which may interfere with the detection of local recurrence and the response to therapy. However, timely detection is crucial for deciding whether treatment modification or discontinuation is required. This is the case report of A 51-year-old nasopharyngeal carcinoma patient with cervical nodal metastases (CNM). Following radiotherapy, chemotherapy and targeted therapy, multislice spiral enhanced computed tomography (CT), enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT of the neck were performed to compare the extent of the CNM. The enhanced CT and MRI images were unremarkable, whereas the 18F-FDG PET/CT images revealed the exact recurrence or remission. Therefore, 18F-FDG PET/CT exhibits a better sensitivity and specificity for evaluating the response to combined treatment compared to CT and/or MRI.

8.
Oncol Rep ; 34(2): 763-70, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26044651

RESUMO

A large body of evidence has established murine double minute 2 (MDM2) as a crucial negative regulator of p53 and the major suppressor of p53 function in tumors with wild-type (wt)-p53. Therefore, by inhibiting MDM2 one may reactivate p53 in tumor cells, leading to their demise. Previous studies revealed that ribosomal protein L23 (RPL23) inhibited MDM2-mediated p53 ubiquitination through direct binding to MDM2, and subsequently induced the p53 level as well as its activity, suggesting that it may be a candidate for use in tumor gene therapy. In the present study, we developed a recombinant adenoviral vector expressing the RPL23 gene under control of the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) promoter (rAd/CEA-RPL23), and using an in vitro system with cultured human colorectal carcinoma LoVo cells harboring the wt-p53 gene, we proved that rAd/CEA-RPL23 infection could induce the accumulation of endogenous wt-p53 protein and thus lead to the inhibition of tumor cell growth via inducing cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In vivo treatment of rAd/CEA-RPL23 also exhibited a significant inhibitory effect on tumor growth in nude mice bearing LoVo xenografts. Furthermore, we showed that rAd/CEA-RPL23 synergized with classic chemotherapeutic agent 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) and enhanced its activity against LoVo cells in vivo and in vitro. Taken together, the data presented here suggest that CEA promoter-targeted exogenous RPL23 expression could be of therapeutic value against human colorectal carcinoma that retains wt-p53.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/terapia , Terapia Genética , Proteínas Ribossômicas/biossíntese , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/biossíntese , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Vetores Genéticos , Humanos , Camundongos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Ubiquitinação/genética
9.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 34(8): 810-2, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25335267

RESUMO

Professor LI Zhi-dao, according to acupoint selection of syndrome differentiation in TCM basic theory, concluded a new therapy, namely "tonifying three qi" that is mainly based on three acupoints in the Conception Vessel. This method is consisted of Danzhong (CV 17), Zhongwan (CV 12) and Qihai (CV 6) in the Conception Vessel, which could successively nourish clear qi, stomach qi and original qi. In clinic, according to the severity of symptoms of three qi, the acupoints are selected flexibly, which could respectively treat deficiency of heart-lung qi, deficiency of stomach-spleen qi and deficiency of original qi. Some examples are also given in the article.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Qi , Pontos de Acupuntura , Terapia por Acupuntura/história , China , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
10.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 33(3): 859-68, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24685647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Periplocin is used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, reinforcement of bones and tendons, palpitations or shortness of breath and lower extremity edema in traditional medicine. Our previous findings suggested that periplocin could inhibit the growth of lung cancer both in vitro and in vivo. But the biological processes and molecular pathways by which periplocin induces these beneficial effects remain largely undefined. METHODS: To explore the molecular mechanisms of periplocin involved in anti-cancer activity, in the present study the protein profile changes of human lung cancer cell lines A549 in response to periplocin treatment were investigated using the proteomics approaches (2-DE combined with MS/MS). Western blot was employed to verify the changed proteins. Interactions between changed proteins were analyzed by STRING. RESULTS: 29 down-regulated protein species named GTP-binding nuclear protein Ran (RAN), Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor 1 (ARHGDIA), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 5A-1 (EIF5A) and Profilin-1(PFN1), and 10 up-regulated protein species named Heat shock cognate 71 kDa protein (HSPA8),10 kDa heat shock protein (HSPE1), and Cofilin-1(CFL-1) were identified. Among them, GTP-binding nuclear protein Ran (RAN) and Rho GDP-dissociation inhibitor 1 (ARHGDIA) were the most significantly changed (over tenfold). The proteasome subunit beta type-6 (PSMB6), ATP synthase ecto-α-subunit (ATP5A1), Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1) and EIF5A were verified by immunoblot assays to be dramatically down-regulated. By STRING bioinformatics analysis revealing interactions and signaling networks it became apparent that the proteins changed they are primarily involved in transcription and proteolysis. CONCLUSION: Periplocin inhibited growth of lung cancer by down-regulating proteins, such as ATP5A1, EIF5A, ALDH1 and PSMB6. These findings may improve our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-cancer effects of periplocin on lung cancer cells.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteoma/biossíntese , Saponinas/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteômica
11.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 13(9): 861-6, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20840814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It has been shown that carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) was closely related to tumor hypoxia. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen (Ki67) is considered to be an objective indicator which could reliable and comprehensive response to cell population proliferation; vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was positively correlated with tumor angiogenesis. The aim of this study is to investigate the significance of the expression of CAIX in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues by analyzing the correlation between CAIX and clinical characteristics of patients with lung cancer and VEGF, Ki67 expressions. METHODS: CAIX, VEGF and Ki67 protein were detected in 76 cases of NSCLC and 10 cases of lung inflammatory pseudotumor by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: CAIX was expressed in 45 of 64 cases of NSCLC and not expressed in benign lesion pulmonary tissues. VEGF was expressed in 55 of 76 cases and Ki67 was expressed in 30 of 76 cases. The expression of CAIX in squamous cell carcinoma (SC) was higher than that in adenocarcinoma (AC) (69.7% vs 27.9%, P=0.001). In 34 cases who received radiotherapy, the objective response rates of CAIX positive and negative groups were 27.8% and 62.5% respectively; the expression of CAIX was positively correlated with VEGF (r=0.231, P=0.043) and was not correlated with Ki67 (r=0.064, P=0.583). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with benign lesion pulmonary tissue, the expression of CAIX in NSCLC tissues is significantly increased and is positively correlated with VEGF. The expression of CAIX was also correlated with the objective response rate of radiotherapy, which provided new evidence about that hypoxia can increase NSCLC radiotherapy resistance.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Anidrases Carbônicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/enzimologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/enzimologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Anidrase Carbônica IX , Anidrases Carbônicas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética
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