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1.
Phytochemistry ; 171: 112229, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901474

RESUMO

Seven undescribed cycloartane triterpenoids, pseudolarnoids A-G, together with ten known ones, were isolated from the seeds of Pseudolarix amabilis (J. Nelson) Rehder. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, X-ray crystallography, and ECD data. Pseudolarnoids A-C are cycloartane triterpenoids with a unique 16S, 23R-spirolactone moiety. Pseudolarnoids F, G, and pseudolarolide C demonstrated potent antiviral effects on HSV-1 in vitro.

2.
BMC Psychiatry ; 20(1): 15, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918691

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the effect of early-age (prenatal, infant, and childhood) trauma on adulthood alcohol use disorder. METHODS: A total number of 1534 subjects who were born and live in the city of Tangshan were selected. The subjects were divided into three age groups. General demographic data, conditions of the mothers during pregnancy, and condition of the babies at birth, were collected. The diagnosis of alcohol use disorder was based on Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV Axis Disorders (patient version) (SCID). The childhood trauma questionnaire short form (CTQ-SF) [1] and the Lifetime of Experience Questionnaire (LTE-Q) [2] were used to evaluate stress in childhood and adulthood, respectively. RESULTS: Only male subjects were diagnosed with lifelong alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence. There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of lifetime alcohol use disorder (X2 = 4.480, P = 0.345), current alcohol abuse, and current alcohol dependence among the three groups (X2abuse = 2.177, X2depedence = 2.198, P > 0.05). However, higher prevalence of lifetime alcohol use disorders was found in group with higher scores of CTQ (X2 = 9.315, P = 0.009), emotional abuse (X2 = 8.025, P = 0.018), physical abuse (X2 = 20.4080, P < 0.001), but not in the group with higher scores of emotional neglect (X2 = 1.226, P = 0.542), sexual abuse (X2 = 2.779, P = 0.249), physical neglect (X2 = 3.978, P = 0.137), LTE-Q (X2 = 5.415, P = 0.067), and PSQI (X2 = 5.238, P = 0.073). Protective factor for alcohol abuse for men was identified to be heavy drinking (OR = 0.085, 95%CI: 0.011-0.661), and the risk factors for alcohol abuse were identified to be frequent drinking (OR = 2.736, 95%CI: 1.500, 4.988), and consumption of low liquor (OR = 2.563, 95%CI: 1.387, 4.734). Risk factors for alcohol dependence in males were identified to be consumption of low liquor (OR = 5.501, 95%CI: 2.004, 15.103), frequent drinking (OR = 2.680, 95%CI: 1.164, 6.170), and childhood physical abuse (OR = 2.310, 95% CI: 1.026, 5.201). CONCLUSION: Traumatic experience during infant and prenatal periods does not have a strong statistical correlation with alcohol use disorders for male adults. However, subjects with high CTQ scores, experience of emotional abuse and physical abuse show a statistically higher prevalence of lifetime alcohol use disorders. Several risk factors including consumption of low liquor, frequent drinking, and childhood physical abuse contribute to alcohol dependence in male adults.

3.
Transplant Proc ; 2020 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow (BM) B cells from healthy donors and its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proliferation ability and apoptosis of BM cells from healthy donors before and after in vivo G-CSF application were determined by multiparameter flow cytometry. The gene expression of B cells was detected by RNA-Seq. In vitro experiments were performed to investigate the effects of G-CSF on the proliferation and apoptosis of BM B cells through which gene. RESULTS: Treating healthy donors with G-CSF significantly decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis of BM B cells. The proliferation of CD19+CD27- B cell subgroup and CD19+CD24hiCD38hi B cell subset were also decreased. G-CSF also significantly altered proapoptotic genes, cell cycle arrest genes, and DNA replication and cell cycle genes, especially significantly increased SOCS1 expression of BM B cells. In vitro experiments showed that SOCS1 overexpression did not affect B cell proliferation ability and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that extensive effects of G-CSF on BM B cells, such as inhibiting proliferation, inducing apoptosis, and altering a series of gene expression.

5.
Anal Chem ; 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869197

RESUMO

Spatially targeted optical microproteomics (STOMP) is a method to study region-specific protein complexity in primary cells and tissue samples. STOMP uses a confocal microscope to visualize structures of interest and to tag the proteins within those structures by a photodriven cross-linking reaction so that they can be affinity purified and identified by mass spectrometry (eLife 2015, 4, e09579). However, the use of a custom photo-cross-linker and the requirement for extensive user intervention during sample tagging have posed barriers to the utilization of STOMP. To address these limitations, we built automated STOMP (autoSTOMP) which uses a customizable code in SikuliX to coordinate image capture and cross-linking functions in Zeiss Zen Black with image processing in FIJI. To increase protocol accessibility, we implemented a commercially available biotin-benzophenone photo-cross-linking and purification protocol. Here we demonstrate that autoSTOMP can efficiently label, purify, and identify proteins belonging to 1-2 µm structures in primary human foreskin fibroblasts or mouse bone marrow-derived dendritic cells infected with the protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii (Tg). AutoSTOMP can easily be adapted to address a range of research questions using Zeiss Zen Black microscopy systems and LC-MS protocols that are standard in many research cores.

6.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(6): 1907-1911, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839058

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of different concentration of pomalidomide on human multiple myeloma cell line MM1.S and the expression of CRBN. METHODS: CCK-8 method was used for detecting inhibition effect of promalidomide on proliferation of MM1.S cells. Apoptosis rate of MM1.S cells was detected by flow cytometry with Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to determine CRBN gene expression level. Western blot was used to detect the effect of pomalidomide on the protein expression of CRBN in MM1.S cells. RESULTS: Pomalidomide has an inhibitory effect on MM1.S cells with time-and dose-dependent manners. Pomalidomide induced apoptosis in MM1.S cells. When the concentration of pomalidomide was 0, 40 and 80 µmol/L, the expression of CRBN gene after the treatment of MM1.S cells for 72 hours was 1.487±0.340, 0.211±0.054 and 0.055±0.005, by using actin as internal refereme. Pomalidomide significantly reduced CRBN protein expression in MM1.S cells. CONCLUSION: Pomalidomide can inhibit the proliferation of MM1.S cells and promote its apoptosis. A certain concentration of pomalidomide can reduce the expression of CRBN gene and down-regulate its protein expression in MM1.S cells.

7.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 36(1): 1233-1238, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818163

RESUMO

Purpose: Adenomyosis is a relatively common disease among women of childbearing age. A minimally invasive alternative technique with low risks, faster recovery and decreased side effects is desired. We hypothesized that percutaneous microwave ablation (PMWA) under laparoscopic guidance would substantially reduce the risk of collateral thermal damage to the intestinal tract and relieve the pelvic adhesions. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of transvaginal ultrasound- and laparoscopy-guided PMWA for the treatment of adenomyosis.Materials and methods: From May 2015 to October 2017, a total of 70 patients with symptomatic adenomyosis who underwent transvaginal ultrasound- and laparoscopy-guided PMWA were included in this study. The technical efficacy and complications of PMWA were assessed. Meanwhile, the uterine volume, lesion volume, symptom severity score (SSS) and visual analog scale (VAS) score before PMWA and at 1, 6 and 12 months after PMWA were recorded.Results: PMWA was successfully performed with transvaginal ultrasound guidance and laparoscope assistance in all patients. No major complication was found after PMWA in any patients. The uterine volume, lesion volume, SSS and VAS were all decreased significantly at follow-up (p < .01).Conclusion: Transvaginal ultrasound- and laparoscopy-guided PMWA, which significantly decreased the uterine volume, lesion volume, SSS and VAS score, is a feasible minimally invasive technique for the treatment of adenomyosis.

8.
Orthop Surg ; 11(6): 1180-1186, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823498

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of ultrasonic bone curette in treating thoracic spinal stenosis. METHODS: A total of 30 patients of thoracic spinal stenosis who underwent posterior thoracic decompression in the hospital from December 2015 to 2017 were enrolled. Of these, 18 patients (group A) underwent posterior thoracic decompression using ultrasonic bone curette; and 12 patients underwent the treatment using a high-speed drill (group B). The time of laminectomy, amount of intraoperative blood loss, presence or absence of cerebrospinal fluid leakage, and nerve root injury were recorded. All patients underwent X-ray, computed tomography with three-dimensional reconstruction, and magnetic resonance imaging before and after surgery. The Frankel classification and the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were used to assess the neurological function and neurological recovery in patients. The measured data were statistically processed and analyzed using SPSS21.0 software, and the measurement data were expressed as mean ± SD. RESULTS: In groups A and B, the average time for single-segment laminectomy was 3.3 ± 1.2 min and 6.0 ± 1.8 min and the mean bleeding volume was 105.5 ± 43.3 mL and 177.4 ± 54.7 mL, respectively, with a statistically significant difference between the groups. The difference in JOA scores before and after surgery in groups A and B was statistically significant. No significant difference was found between the groups, in group A, the improvement rate of nerve function at the last follow-up was 71% and in group B, the improvement rate at the last follow-up was 70%. In group A, at last follow-up, two patients had Frankel grade B injury, one had grade C injury, seven had grade D injury, and eight had grade E injury. In group B, at last follow-up, one patient had Frankel grade B injury, one had grade C injury, five had grade D injury, and five had grade E injury. The Frankel classification of both groups A and B significantly improved. Four patients experienced cerebrospinal fluid leakage in group A and five in group B, with no significant difference between the groups. There was no nerve root injury in both groups, and no complications, such as pulmonary infection and urinary tract infection, occurred after operation. CONCLUSIONS: With the use of ultrasonic bone curette in posterior thoracic decompression, the decompression surgery could be completed relatively safely and quickly. It effectively reduced the amount of intraoperative blood loss.

9.
Adv Mater ; : e1905145, 2019 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31788896

RESUMO

Rapid cut-off of blood supply in diseases involving thrombosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. However, the current thrombolysis strategies offer limited results due to the therapeutics' short half-lives, low targeting ability, and unexpected bleeding complications. Inspired by the innate roles of platelets in hemostasis and pathological thrombus, platelet membrane-camouflaged polymeric nanoparticles (nanoplatelets) are developed for targeting delivery of the thrombolytic drug, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA), to local thrombus sites. The tailor-designed nanoplatelets efficiently accumulate at the thrombi in pulmonary embolism and mesenteric arterial thrombosis model mice, eliciting a significantly enhanced thrombolysis activity compared to free rt-PA. In addition, the nanoplatelets exhibit improved therapeutic efficacy over free rt-PA in an ischemic stroke model. Analysis of in vivo coagulation indicators suggests the nanoplatelets might possess a low risk of bleeding complications. The hybrid biomimetic nanoplatelets described offer a promising solution to improve the efficacy and reduce the bleeding risk of thrombolytic therapy in a broad spectrum of thrombosis diseases.

10.
Adv Mater ; : e1906799, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31799765

RESUMO

Metastasis remains the major cause of death in cancer patients. Thus, there is a need to sensitively detect tumor metastasis, especially ultrasmall metastasis, for early diagnosis and precise treatment of cancer. Herein, an ultrasensitive T1 -weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agent, UMFNP-CREKA is reported. By conjugating the ultrasmall manganese ferrite nanoparticles (UMFNPs) with a tumor-targeting penta-peptide CREKA (Cys-Arg-Glu-Lys-Ala), ultrasmall breast cancer metastases are accurately detected. With a behavior similar to neutrophils' immunosurveillance process for eliminating foreign pathogens, UMFNP-CREKA exhibits a chemotactic "targeting-activation" capacity. UMFNP-CREKA is recruited to the margin of tumor metastases by the binding of CREKA with fibrin-fibronectin complexes, which are abundant around tumors, and then release of manganese ions (Mn2+ ) to the metastasis in response to pathological parameters (mild acidity and elevated H2 O2 ). The localized release of Mn2+ and its interaction with proteins affects a marked amplification of T1 -weighted magnetic resonance (MR) signals. In vivo T1 -weighted MRI experiments reveal that UMFNP-CREKA can detect metastases at an unprecedented minimum detection limit of 0.39 mm, which has significantly extended the detection limit of previously reported MRI probe.

11.
J Perinat Med ; 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811810

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the correlation between aneuploidy pregnancy and the concentration of various hormones and vascular endothelial factor in follicular fluid as well as the number of acquired oocytes and to provide a scientific basis for improving ovulation induction programs. Methods In total, we collected 277 follicular fluid specimens from patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF) treatment in our hospital. Eighteen cases of aneuploidy embryos were identified. The follicular fluid of these aneuploidy embryos was used for the study. According to the case and control 1:5 paired design, we selected five age-matched controls with healthy births following IVF for each aneuploidy case. Concentrations of anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), estrogen (E2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the follicular fluid were measured. Conditional logistic regression was used to analyze the relationship between aneuploidy pregnancy and the concentrations of various hormones and VEGF in the follicular fluid as well as the number of acquired oocytes. Results Multivariate conditional logistic regression showed that of all the factors analyzed, only FSH [odds ratio (OR) = 1.300, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.091-1.548, P = 0.003] level in the follicular fluid and the number of acquired oocytes (OR = 1.179, 95% CI, 1.070-1.299, P = 0.001) were closely related to aneuploidy pregnancy. No other factors were found to be associated with aneuploidy pregnancy. Conclusion FSH concentrations in the follicular fluid are risk factors for aneuploidy pregnancies. The higher the number of eggs, the higher the risk of aneuploidy. These findings may help improve ovulation induction programs.

12.
Dev Comp Immunol ; : 103598, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881236

RESUMO

Interleukin 18 (IL-18), a member of IL-1 cytokine superfamily, is an important proinflammatory cytokine with multiple functions in both innate immunity and acquired immunity. However, the characteristics and functional roles of IL-18 remain largely unknown in amphibians, which were classed as major group of vertebrates. In the present study, two IL-18 genes (AdIL-18A and AdIL-18B) and four transcripts (AdIL-18A1, AdIL-18A2, AdIL-18B1 and AdIL-18B2) were firstly identified and characterized from Chinese giant salamander (Andrias davidianus). To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the presence of more than one gene copy or two transcripts of IL-18 in one species. The complete open reading frames of AdIL-18A1, AdIL-18A2, AdIL-18B1 and AdIL-18B2 were 588 bp, 603 bp, 591 bp and 606 bp, respectively. The putative AdIL-18 proteins possessed the typical IL-1 domains and phylogenetic analysis indicated that AdIL-18s grouped together with other vertebrate IL-18 proteins. The expression profiles of AdIL-18s were investigated under the challenges of Aeromonas hydrophila, Staphylococcus ureae and Poly (I:C) respectively, and the results suggested that AdIL-18s were involved in the immune responses against both bacterial and viral infections. Moreover, the expression levels of two NF-κBs (P100 and P105) and four proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α and IFN-γ) were inhibited in AdIL-18A1/A2-silenced cells when treated with bacteria and viral RNA analog. Additionally, the transcription levels of these immune-related cytokine genes were markedly induced when the lymphocytes were treated with recombinant AdIL-18A1 or AdIL-18A2 proteins, implying the involvement of AdIL-18s in triggering NF-κB signaling and proinflammatory responses. These results might provide new insights into the origin or evolution of IL-18 in amphibians and even in vertebrates.

13.
Eur J Med Chem ; 187: 111971, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31881457

RESUMO

For the purpose of advancing our research on diverse C-20 decorated derivatives of camptothecin (CPT), 46 new CPT acylthiourea derivatives were synthesized and evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxicity. All the compounds showed promising in vitro cytotoxicity against six tumor cell lines (Hep3B, MCF7, A549, MDA-MB-231, KB and KB-vin). Out of them, compound c20 possesses remarkable in vitro cytotoxic activity and is more potent than topotecan. Mechanistically, c20 not only induces cell cycle arrest and cell apoptosis in A549 cells, but also inhibits Topo I activity in the cell and cell-free system in a manner similar to that of topotecan. In both xenograft and primary HCC mouse models, c20 displays significant in vivo anti-cancer activity and is more potent than topotecan. In addition, the acute toxicity assay showed that c20 has no apparent toxicity to mouse liver, kidney and hemopoietic system of the FVB/N mice. Take together, these results indicated that compound c20 could be a potential anti-cancer candidate for further clinical trial.

14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(18): 3942-3947, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872728

RESUMO

The Astragalus membranaceus root rot disease,a soil-borne disease,has become increasingly severe in Shanxi province.This study was aimed at getting antagonistic Bacillus with excellent bio-control effects,and determining its effects on bacterial communities in root zone soil. With Fusarium solani and F. acuminatum as the target,antagonistic Bacillus was selected through such tests as living body dual culture,antifungal effect of bacteria-free filtrate,mycelia growth inhibition in vitro and control effect in detached roots,and identified with morphology,physio-biochemical characteristics and 16 S r DNA sequence analysis. The results showed that the Bacillus strain SXKF16-1 had obvious antifungal effect. The diameter of inhibition zone of its bacteria-free filtrate to F. solani and F. acuminatum was( 25. 90±1. 18) mm and( 25. 86±1. 85) mm respectively,and showed a lasting inhibition effect to mycelia growth. The disease index of the protective treatment and that of the cure treatment in detached roots test to F. solani and F. acuminatum were( 37. 50±8. 58),( 41. 67±4. 90) and( 25. 00±8. 33),( 38. 89±9. 62) respectively,both being significantly different( P<0. 05) from that of the control. The strain SXKF16-1 was identified as Bacillus atrophaeus. The B. atrophaeus SXKF16-1 showed significantly inhibition effect to pathogen causing root rot and could increase the bacterial diversity in root zone soil. It has potential to be developed as a special biocontrol agent.

15.
Pflugers Arch ; 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875236

RESUMO

Complexin I (CPLX1), a presynaptic small molecule protein, forms SNARE complex in the central nervous system involved in the anchoring, pre-excitation, and fusion of axonal end vesicles. Abnormal expression of CPLX1 occurs in several neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders that exhibit disrupted neurobehaviors. CPLX1 gene knockout induces severe ataxia and social behavioral deficits in mice, which has been poorly demonstrated. Here, to address the limitations of single-species models and to provide translational insights relevant to human diseases, we used CPLX1 knockout rats to further explore the function of the CPLX1 gene. The CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system was adopted to generate CPLX1 knockout rats (CPLX1-/-). Then, we characterized the survival rate and behavioral phenotype of CPLX1-/- rats using behavioral analysis. To further explain this phenomenon, we performed blood glucose testing, Nissl staining, hematoxylin-eosin staining, and Golgi staining. We found that CPLX1-/- rats showed profound ataxia, dystonia, movement and exploratory deficits, and increased anxiety and sensory deficits but had normal cognitive function. Nevertheless, CPLX1-/- rats could swim without training. The abnormal histomorphology of the stomach and intestine were related to decreased weight and early death in these rats. Decreased dendritic branching was also found in spinal motor neurons in CPLX1-/- rats. In conclusion, CPLX1 gene knockout induced the abnormal histomorphology of the stomach and intestine and decreased dendritic branching in spinal motor neurons, causing different phenotypes between CPLX1-/- rats and mice, even though both of these phenotypes showed profound ataxia. These findings provide a new perspective for understanding the role of CPLX1.

16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 1243215, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31871537

RESUMO

Excessive fructose consumption induces oxidative stress and myocardial fibrosis. Antioxidant compound pterostilbene has cardioprotective effect in experimental animals. This study is aimed at investigating how fructose drove fibrotic responses via oxidative stress in cardiomyocytes and explored the attenuation mechanisms of pterostilbene. We observed fructose-induced myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis with ROS overproduction in rats. Paired-like homeodomain 2 (Pitx2c) increase, microRNA-15b (miR-15b) low expression, and p53 phosphorylation (p-p53) upregulation, as well as activation of transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1)/drosophila mothers against DPP homolog (Smads) signaling and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) induction, were also detected in fructose-fed rat hearts and fructose-exposed rat myocardial cell line H9c2 cells. The results from p53 siRNA or TGF-ß1 siRNA transfection showed that TGF-ß1-induced upregulation of CTGF expression and p-p53 activated TGF-ß1/Smads signaling in fructose-exposed H9c2 cells. Of note, Pitx2c negatively modulated miR-15b expression via binding to the upstream of the miR-15b genetic loci by chromatin immunoprecipitation and transfection analysis with pEX1-Pitx2c plasmid and Pitx2c siRNA, respectively. In H9c2 cells pretreated with ROS scavenger N-acetylcysteine, or transfected with miR-15b mimic and inhibitor, fructose-induced cardiac ROS overload could drive Pitx2c-mediated miR-15b low expression, then cause p-p53-activated TGF-ß1/Smads signaling and CTGF induction in myocardial fibrosis. We also found that pterostilbene significantly improved myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis in fructose-fed rats and fructose-exposed H9c2 cells. Pterostilbene reduced cardiac ROS to block Pitx2c-mediated miR-15b low expression and p-p53-dependent TGF-ß1/Smads signaling activation and CTGF induction in high fructose-induced myocardial fibrosis. These results firstly demonstrated that the ROS-driven Pitx2c/miR-15b pathway was required for p-p53-dependent TGF-ß1/Smads signaling activation in fructose-induced myocardial fibrosis. Pterostilbene protected against high fructose-induced myocardial fibrosis through the inhibition of Pitx2c/miR-15b pathway to suppress p-p53-activated TGF-ß1/Smads signaling, warranting the consideration of Pitx2c/miR-15b pathway as a therapeutic target in myocardial fibrosis.

17.
Blood Adv ; 3(24): 4312-4325, 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869417

RESUMO

The rate and extent of natural killer (NK)-cell education after hematopoietic cell transplantation correlates with leukemia control. To study the effect of donor and host HLA on NK-cell reconstitution, single killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR)+ NK cells (exhibiting KIR2DL1, KIR2DL2/KIR2DL3, or KIR3DL1 as their sole receptor) were grouped into 4 groups based on the interaction between donor/host HLA and donor inhibitory KIR in 2 cohorts (n = 114 and n = 276, respectively). On days 90 to 180 after transplantation, the absolute number and responsiveness against K562 cells (CD107a or interferon-γ expression) of single-KIR+ NK cells were higher in pairs where donor and host HLA both expressed ligands for donor inhibitory KIRs than in pairs where 1 or both of the donor and recipient HLA lacked at least 1 KIR ligand. NK-cell responsiveness was tuned commensurate with the number of inhibitory receptors from the donor. When both donor and host expressed the 3 major KIR ligands (HLA-C1, HLA-C2, and HLA-Bw4), NK cells expressing 3 inhibitory receptors (KIR2DL1/2DL3/3DL1) reached the maximum responsiveness against K562 cells compared with those NK cells expressing only 1 or 2 inhibitory receptors. When donor and host HLA both expressed all ligands for donor inhibitory KIRs, patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) showed the lowest recurrence rate after haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (haplo-HSCT). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that when both donors and hosts present all the KIR ligands for donor KIRs, reconstituted NK cells achieve better functional education and contribute to least relapse among patients. This observation study was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT02978274.

18.
J Pharmacol Sci ; 2019 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843508

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to screen a bronchodilator from old drugs and elucidate the underlying mechanism. Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is a widely used analgesic and antipyretic drug. It has been reported that it inhibits the generation of prostaglandin and histamine, which play roles in asthma. These findings led us to explore whether paracetamol could be a potential bronchodilator. Paracetamol inhibited high K+- and acetylcholine (ACH)-induced precontraction of mouse tracheal and bronchial smooth muscles. Moreover, the ACH-induced contraction was partially inhibited by nifedipine (selective blocker of LVDCCs), YM-58483 (selective inhibitor of store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE), canonical transient receptor potential 3 (TRPC3) and TRPC5 channels) and Y-27632 (selective blocker of ROCK, a linker of the Ca2+ sensitization pathway). In single airway smooth muscle cells, paracetamol blocked the currents sensitive to nifedipine and YM-58483, and inhibited intracellular Ca2+ increases. In addition, paracetamol inhibited ACH-induced phosphorylation of myosin phosphatase target subunit 1 (MYPT1, another linker of the Ca2+ sensitization pathway). Finally, in vivo paracetamol inhibited ACH-induced increases of mouse respirator system resistance. Collectively, we conclude that paracetamol inhibits ASM contraction through blocking LVDCCs, SOCE and/or TRPC3 and/or TRPC5 channels, and Ca2+ sensitization. These results suggest that paracetamol might be a new bronchodilator.

19.
J Dairy Sci ; 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31864739

RESUMO

Yak is one of the few species of which the rennet-coagulated cheese making characteristics of its milk are still not well understood. This study investigated composition and rennet-induced coagulation properties of milk from 17 individual yak cows in comparison with milk from 32 individual Holstein cows. Yak cows produced milk with generally higher concentrations of milk components. The concentrations of fat, protein, solids-not-fat (SNF), and calcium in yak milk were 1.89-, 1.68-, 1.46-, and 2-fold those in Holstein milk, respectively. The hydrodynamic radii of casein micelles (187.25 nm) and chymosin-induced paracasein (1,620 nm) were about twice the sizes of those found in Holstein milk. Higher concentrations of calcium in yak milk, together with larger sizes of casein micelles, explains the reason for its fast rate of curd formation and firmer curd texture. Optical microrheology analysis also showed that Ca2+ concentration had greater influence on the coagulation of yak milk than on Holstein milk. Cheese making trials with yak and Holstein milk proved the higher cheese yield of yak milk: 1.67-fold that of Holstein milk. Therefore, yak milk could be a suitable source of milk for enzyme-coagulated cheese making.

20.
Pract Radiat Oncol ; 2019 Dec 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866577

RESUMO

PURPOSE: In rectal cancer, the presence of extra-mesorectal / lateral pelvic lymph node (LPN) is associated with higher risk of locoregional and distant recurrences. LPNs are not typically resected during a standard total mesorectal excision (TME) procedure, and the optimal management for these patients is controversial. We assessed the safety and efficacy of adding a radiotherapy boost to clinically positive LPN during neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) for rectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed non-metastatic, lymph node positive rectal adenocarcinoma patients treated with neoadjuvant CRT followed by TME between May 2011 and February 2018. Patients without LPN involvement received external beam radiation therapy (45 Gy in 25 fractions) to the primary tumor and regional draining lymph node basins followed by a boost (5.4 Gy in 3 fractions) to gross disease. Patients with clinically positive LPN that would not be removed during TME received an additional boost (up to a total dose between 54.0 and 59.4 Gy) to the involved LPNs. We compared locoregional control, overall survival, progression-free survival, and treatment related toxicity between these two groups. RESULTS: 53 patients were included in this analysis with median follow-up of 30.6 months for the LPN- group (n=41) and 19.9 months for the LPN+ group (n=12). There was no difference in 3-year OS (90.04% vs. 83.33%, p=0.890) and PFS (80.12% vs. 80.21%, p=0.529) between the two groups. We did not observe any LPN recurrences. There were no differences in rates of acute grade 3+ or chronic toxicities. CONCLUSION: Despite the well documented negative prognostic impact of LPN metastasis, we observed promising outcomes for LPN+ patients treated with an additional radiation boost. Our results suggest that radiotherapy boost to clinically involved, un-resected LPN is an effective treatment approach with limited toxicity. Additional studies are needed to optimize treatment strategy for this unique patient subset.

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