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1.
BMC Cancer ; 22(1): 11, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979982

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The mixed-lineage leukemia (MLL) gene is located on chromosome 11q23. The MLL gene can be rearranged to generate partial tandem duplications (MLL-PTD), which occurs in about 5-10% of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with a normal karyotype and in 5-6% of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is currently one of the curative therapies available for AML and MDS with excess blasts (MDS-EB). However, how the prognosis of patients with high levels of MLL-PTD after allo-HSCT, and whether MLL-PTD could be used as a reliable indicator for minimal residual disease (MRD) monitoring in transplant patients remains unknown. Our study purposed to analyze the dynamic changes of MLL-PTD peri-transplantation and the best threshold for predicting relapse after transplantation. METHODS: We retrospectively collected the clinical data of 48 patients with MLL-PTD AML or MDS-EB who underwent allo-HSCT in Peking University People's Hospital. The MLL-PTD was examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) at the diagnosis, before transplantation and the fixed time points after transplantation. Detectable MLL-PTD/ABL > 0.08% was defined as MLL-PTD positive in this study. RESULTS: The 48 patients included 33 AML patients and 15 MDS-EB patients. The median follow-up time was 26(0.7-56) months after HSCT. In AML patients, 7 patients (21.2%) died of treatment-related mortality (TRM), 6 patients (18.2%) underwent hematological relapse and died ultimately. Of the 15 patients with MDS-EB, 2 patients (13.3%) died of infection. The 3-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and TRM were 13.7 ± 5.2, 67.8 ± 6.9, 68.1 ± 6.8 and 20.3% ± 6.1%, respectively. ROC curve showed that post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% was the optimal cut-off value for predicting hematological relapse after allo-HSCT. There was statistical difference between post-transplant MLL-PTD ≥ 1.0% and MLL-PTD < 1.0% groups (3-year CIR: 75% ± 15.3% vs. 0%, P < 0.001; 3-year OS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7% ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year DFS: 25.0 ± 15.3% vs. 80.7 ± 6.6%, P < 0.001; 3-year TRM: 0 vs. 19.3 ± 6.6%, P = 0.277). However, whether MLL-PTD ≥ 1% or MLL-PTD < 1% before transplantation has no significant difference on the prognosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that MLL-PTD had a certain stability and could effectively reflect the change of tumor burden. The expression level of MLL-PTD after transplantation can serve as an effective indicator for predicting relapse.

2.
J Immunol ; 208(2): 492-500, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34937746

RESUMO

The interaction of inhibitory receptors with self-MHC class I (MHC-I) molecules is responsible for NK cell education. The intensity of DNAM-1 expression correlates with NK cell education. However, whether DNAM-1 expression directly influences the functional competence of NK cells via the KIR/MHC-I interaction remains unclear. Based on allogeneic haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, we investigated the intensity of DNAM-1 expression on reconstituted NK cells via the interaction of KIR with both donor HLA and recipient HLA at days 30, 90, and 180 after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The reconstituted NK cells educated by donor and recipient HLA molecules showed the highest DNAM-1 expression, whereas DNAM-1 expression on educated NK cells with only recipient HLA molecules was higher than that on educated NK cells with only donor HLA molecules, indicating that NK cells with donor or recipient HLA molecules regulate DNAM-1 expression and thereby affect NK cell education. Additionally, the effects of recipient cells on NK cell education were greater than those of donor cells. However, only when the DNAM-1, NKP30, and NKG2D receptors were blocked simultaneously was the function of educated and uneducated NK cells similar. Therefore, activating receptors may collaborate with DNAM-1 to induce educated NK cell hyperresponsiveness. Our data, based on in vitro and in vivo studies, demonstrate that the functional competence of NK cells via the KIR/MHC-I interaction correlates with DNAM-1 expression in human NK cells.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34787307

RESUMO

Natural killer (NK) cells exert anti-viral effects after haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The balance between inhibition and activation of NK cells determined by the inherited repertoire of killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) genes may influence Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation after transplantation. To evaluate the relative contributions of KIR genotypes to EBV reactivation, we prospectively enrolled 300 patients with malignant haematological disease who were suitable for haploidentical HSCT. Univariate analysis showed that donors with KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 or KIR3DS1 genes were associated with an increased risk of EBV reactivation [hazard ratio (HR) 1·86, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1·19-2·9, P = 0·0067; HR 1·78, 95% CI 1·07-2·97, P = 0·027; HR 1·86, 95% CI 1·19-2·91, P = 0·0065 respectively]. Multivariate analysis revealed that the presence of KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 or KIR3DS1 genes was associated with increased EBV reactivation after HSCT. This effect was more evident in the absence of the cognate ligands for the corresponding activating receptors. Our present data firstly showed that donors with activating KIR genes, specifically activating KIR2DS1, KIR2DS3 and KIR3DS1, had an increased risk of EBV reactivation. Precaution for patients whose donors carry activating genes will help prevent EBV reactivation and improve patient prognosis after HSCT.

4.
Front Immunol ; 12: 720354, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34539656

RESUMO

Gut acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a serious complication after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and is associated with high mortality. Mucosa-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are a group of innate-like T cells enriched in the intestine that can be activated by riboflavin metabolites from various microorganisms. However, little is known about the function or mechanism of action of MAIT cells in the occurrence of gut aGVHD in humans. In our study, multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to evaluate the number of MAIT cells and functional cytokines. 16S V34 region amplicon sequencing analysis was used to analyze the intestinal flora of transplant patients. In vitro stimulation and coculture assays were used to study the activation and function of MAIT cells. The number and distribution of MAIT cells in intestinal tissues were analyzed by immunofluorescence technology. Our study showed that the number and frequency of MAIT cells in infused grafts in gut aGVHD patients were lower than those in no-gut aGVHD patients. Recipients with a high number of MAITs in infused grafts had a higher abundance of intestinal flora in the early posttransplantation period (+14 days). At the onset of gut aGVHD, the number of MAIT cells decreased in peripheral blood, and the activation marker CD69, chemokine receptors CXCR3 and CXCR4, and transcription factors Rorγt and T-bet tended to increase. Furthermore, when gut aGVHD occurred, the proportion of MAIT17 was higher than that of MAIT1. The abundance of intestinal flora with non-riboflavin metabolic pathways tended to increase in gut aGVHD patients. MAIT cells secreted more granzyme B, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interferon (IFN)-γ under the interleukin (IL)-12/IL-18 stimulation [non-T-cell receptor (TCR) signal] and secreted most of the IL-17 under the cluster of differentiation (CD)3/CD28 stimulation (TCR signal). MAIT cells inhibited the proliferation of CD4+ T cells in vitro. In conclusion, the lower number of MAIT cells in infused grafts was related to the higher incidence of gut aGVHD, and the number of MAIT cells in grafts may affect the composition of the intestinal flora of recipients early after transplantation. The flora of the riboflavin metabolism pathway activated MAIT cells and promoted the expression of intestinal protective factors to affect the occurrence of gut aGVHD in humans.

5.
Br J Haematol ; 195(5): 722-730, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34405393

RESUMO

Despite the high cure probability for acute promyelocytic leukaemia (APL), a minority of patients will relapse and the risk factors for relapse are unclear. We retrospectively analysed 212 patients who were diagnosed with non-high-risk APL and received all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) plus arsenic as front-line therapy at Peking University Institute of Hematology from February 2014 to December 2018. A total of 176 patients (83%) received oral arsenic (realgar-indigo naturalis formula) plus ATRA, 36 patients (17%) received arsenic trioxide plus ATRA and 203 patients were evaluable for relapse. After a median (range) follow-up of 53·6 (24·3-85·4) months, two patients had molecular relapse and eight had haematological relapse. A promyelocytic leukaemia/retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARA) transcript level of ≥6·5% at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse (P = 0·031). The 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse, event-free survival and overall survival were 5·5%, 92·3% and 96·3% respectively. In conclusion, the present long-term follow-up study further confirmed the high cure probability of ATRA plus oral arsenic as front-line therapy for non-high-risk APL and showed that the PML-RARA transcript level at the end of induction therapy was associated with relapse.

6.
Transplant Cell Ther ; 27(10): 870.e1-870.e7, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34229053

RESUMO

Late-onset severe pneumonia (LOSP) is defined as severe pneumonia developing during the late phase of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Because of the high mortality in patients with LOSP, it is important to identify prognostic factors. In this study, we aimed to develop a risk score system with broad applicability that can help predict the risk of LOSP-associated mortality. We retrospectively analyzed 100 patients with LOSP after allo-HSCT between June 2009 and July 2017. The assessment variables included immune, nutritional, and metabolic parameters at the onset of LOSP. Of these 100 patients, 45 (45%) eventually died, and 55 (55%) were positive for organisms, most commonly viruses. In the multivariate analysis, higher monocyte count (≥0.20 × 109/L versus <0.20 × 109/L; P = .001), higher albumin level (≥30.5 g/L versus <30.5 g/L; P = .044), lower lactic dehydrogenase level (<250 U/L versus ≥250 U/L; P = .008) and lower blood urea nitrogen concentration (<7.2 mmol/L versus ≥7.2 mmol/L; P = .026) at the onset of LOSP were significantly associated with better 60-day survival. A risk score system based on the foregoing results showed that the probability of 60-day survival decreased with increasing risk factors, from 96.3% in the low-risk group to 49.1% in the intermediate-risk group and 12.5% in the high-risk group. Our results indicate that this scoring system using 4 variables can stratify patients with different probabilities of survival after LOSP, which suggests that patients' immune, nutritional, and metabolic status are crucial factors in determining outcome.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pneumonia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo
7.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 62(12): 2949-2956, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34196252

RESUMO

To evaluate the efficacy of interferon-α (IFN-α) as maintenance therapy in patients with favorable-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML), this retrospective study enrolled 84 patients with favorable-risk AML: 42 patients who received IFN-α maintenance therapy and 42 patients who did not (control). The median follow-up time and duration of IFN-α treatment was 26 (6-54) months and 18 (2-24) months, respectively. The 4-year estimated relapse-free survival (RFS) after the last consolidation chemotherapy was 86.8% (95% confidence interval (CI), 75.8-97.8%) in the IFN-α group and 55.7% (95% CI, 37.2-74.3%) in the control group (p=.007). The 4-year estimated overall survival was 94.4% (95% CI, 86.8-102%) and 76.4% (95% CI, 61.9-90.9%) in IFN-α and control groups, respectively (p=.040). The Cox regression analysis showed that IFN-α treatment was the only independent factor affecting RFS (p=.004). Maintenance therapy with IFN-α may prevent relapse in favorable-risk AML after consolidation chemotherapy.

8.
Ann Hematol ; 100(10): 2557-2566, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34278524

RESUMO

Recent studies have shown that approximately 50% of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) receiving tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy with a sustained deep molecular response (DMR) (BCR-ABL1IS ≤ 0.01%) can achieve treatment-free remission (TFR, stopping TKI without relapse) and that prior interferon (IFN)-α therapy and higher NK cell counts at and after TKI discontinuation are associated with TFR. We recently reported that post-TKI discontinuation of IFN-α therapy could prevent molecular relapse (MR, BCR-ABL1IS > 0.1%). Here, we evaluated whether NK cells are associated with MR and investigated the effects of post-TKI discontinuation IFN-α therapy on lymphocyte subsets. A total of 34 patients measuring blood lymphocyte subclasses were included. In the 22 patients who did not receive IFN-α therapy, at 1 month after TKI discontinuation, the nonrelapsed patients showed a significantly higher proportion and count of NK cells than the relapsed patients. In particular, the proportion and count of CD56dim NK cells were significantly higher in the nonrelapsed patients than in the relapsed patients. In the 12 patients who received IFN-α therapy, the level of CD56bright NK cells increased significantly after 3 and 6 months of IFN-α therapy. In summary, NK cells, in particular CD56dim NK cells, were associated with MR after TKI discontinuation in patients with CML. Additionally, IFN-α therapy gradually increased the level of CD56bright NK cells in patients with CML.


Assuntos
Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
9.
Front Oncol ; 11: 632532, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33816270

RESUMO

Novel recurrent fusion gene types such as zinc finger protein 384 (ZNF384) fusions have been identified in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (BCP-ALL) with the application of next-generation sequencing technologies. However, the comprehensive large-scale clinical cohort study for clarifying their prognostic significance remains scarce to date. A total of 242 consecutive adult Ph-negative BCP-ALL patients treated in our institute were retrospectively screened ZNF384 fusions at diagnosis by multiplex real time quantitative PCR. ZNF384 fusions were identified in 47 patients (19.4%) and all belonged to B-other ALL (having no high hyperdiploid karyotype, BCR-ABL1, TCF3-PBX1, ETV6-RUNX1, or MLL rearrangement). In the whole cohort, patients with ZNF384 fusions had significantly higher 3-year relapse-free-survival (RFS) and tended to have a higher 3-year overall survival (OS) than those with no ZNF384 fusions (80.1% vs. 52.5%, P = 0.013; 67.6% vs. 54.0%, P = 0.10). For patients receiving chemotherapy alone and received allogeneic-hematologic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were censored at the time of transplantation, patients with ZNF384 fusions had both similar RFS and similar OS to B-other ALL patients with no ZNF384 fusions (RFS: P =0.94 and 0.30; OS: P =0.94 and 0.51). For patients receiving transplantation, those with ZNF384 fusions had significantly higher 3-year RFS than B-other ALL patients with no ZNF384 fusions and their OS were similar (P = 0.022 and 0.24). Only two of 31 patients with ZNF384 fusions and receiving allo-HSCT relapsed, individually occurred 66.8 and 69.8 months after transplantation. Therefore, ZNF384 fusion is common in adult BCP-ALL, which may define a new group from BCP-ALL containing no classical fusion transcript with better prognosis through receiving allo-HSCT.

11.
Ann Hematol ; 100(5): 1267-1281, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33712867

RESUMO

The prognosis of 11q23/KMT2A-rearranged (KMT2A-r) acute leukemia (AL) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is poor. Minimal residual disease (MRD) is an important prognostic factor for relapse. Thus, we aimed to identify the evolution of KMT2A before and after allo-HSCT and the efficacy of preemptive immunotherapies for KMT2A-r AL patients receiving allo-HSCT. KMT2A expression was determined through TaqMan-based RQ-PCR technology. Preemptive immunotherapies included interferon-α and donor lymphocyte infusion. We collected 1751 bone marrow samples from 177 consecutive KMT2A-r AL patients. Pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was correlated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity (correlation coefficient=0.371, P<0.001). The rates of achieving KMT2A negativity after allo-HSCT were 96.6%, 92.9%, and 68.8% in the pre-HSCT low-level group (>0, <0.1%), intermediate-level group (≥ 0.1%, <1%), and high-level group (≥1%), respectively. The rates of regaining KMT2A positivity after allo-HSCT were 7.7%, 35.7%, 38.5%, and 45.5% for the pre-HSCT KMT2A-negative, low-level, intermediate-level, and high-level groups, respectively (P<0.001). The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse after allo-HSCT was as high as 53.7% in the pre-HSCT KMT2A expression ≥ 0.1% group, which was compared to the KMT2A-negative group (15.1%) and KMT2A <0.1% group (31.2%). The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poorer than those of patients with persistent KMT2A negativity. Although post-HSCT preemptive immunotherapies might help to achieve KMT2A negativity, the long-term efficacy was unsatisfactory. Thus, pre-HSCT KMT2A positivity was significantly associated with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity. The clinical outcomes of patients with post-HSCT KMT2A positivity were poor, which might not be overcome by commonly used immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Proteína de Leucina Linfoide-Mieloide/genética , Neoplasia Residual/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual/genética , Neoplasia Residual/terapia , Prognóstico , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 292, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740924

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sequential monitoring of Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) could predict relapse in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the prognostic role of WT1 in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT is unclear. Thus, we determined to see whether sequential monitoring of WT1 after allo-HSCT could predict relapse in AML children. METHODS: Pediatric AML patients receiving allo-HSCT from January 21, 2012 to December 20, 2018 at the Peking University Institute of Hematology were included in this study. WT1 expression level was determined by TaqMan-based reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. WT1 sequential monitoring was performed 1, 2, 3, 4.5, 6, 9, and 12 months post-transplantation and at 6-month intervals thereafter. The primary end point was relapse. The secondary end points included disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), and non-relapse mortality (NRM). Kaplan-Meier analysis was used for DFS and OS estimates, while competing risk analysis was used for estimating relapse and NRM. RESULTS: Of the 151 consecutive patients included, the median age was 10 years (range, 1-17). The optimal cutoff value of WT1 within 1 year after allo-HSCT to predict relapse was 0.8% (80 WT1 copies/104 ABL copies), with a sensitivity of 60% and specificity of 79%. Compared with WT1 expression < 0.8%, WT1 expression ≥0.8% indicated significantly higher 5-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR, 35.1% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.001), lower 5-year disease-free survival (DFS, 60.4% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.009), and lower 5-year overall survival (OS, 64.9% vs. 81.6%; P = 0.038) rates. Multivariate analyses showed that WT1 was an independent risk factor for relapse (HR 2.89; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.25-6.71; P = 0.014). Both the CIR (5-year CIR: 8.3% vs. 11.3%; P = 0.513) and DFS (5-year DFS: 91.7% vs. 80.8%; P = 0.208) were comparable between patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negativity after preemptive interferon-α (IFN-α) treatment and those without MRD after allo-HSCT, which were better than those of MRD-positive patients without preemptive therapies. CONCLUSIONS: Sequential monitoring of WT1 could predict relapse in pediatric AML after allo-HSCT. WT1-directed immunotherapy may have the potential to prevent relapse and improve survival.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Proteínas WT1/metabolismo , Adolescente , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Proteínas WT1/análise
13.
Transpl Infect Dis ; 23(3): e13544, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33326670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) reactivation is relatively common after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). However, the incidence of HHV-6 reactivation and the clinical outcomes following unmanipulated haploidentical HSCT (haplo-HSCT) remain unknown. METHOD: We prospectively monitored blood HHV-6 DNA using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction weekly until day 100 post unmanipulated haplo-HSCT in patients with hematological malignancies. RESULTS: From November 2016 to March 2017, 102 patients (58 male and 44 female, median age 25(2-58) years old) were enrolled. Within 100 days post-transplantation, 27 patients (27/136, 19.9%) developed HHV-6 viremia with a median onset time of 14 (7-98) days. The cumulative incidence of HHV-6 reactivation on day 100 post-HSCT was 25.5 ± 4.3% in haplo-HSCT. The median HHV-6 copy number was 1.45 × 103 (5.48 × 102 -2.00 × 104 ) copies/ml. The HHV-6 viremia duration time was 7 days in 23 patients, 14 days in one patient and 21 days in one patient. In multivariate analysis, prior HHV-6 reactivation was an independent risk factor for grade 2-4 graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). But it did not influence the overall survival (OS)(HR 1.624, 95%CI 0.768-3.432, P = .204), disease-free survival (DFS) (HR 1.640, 95%CI 0.799-3.367, P = .177) and non-relapse mortality (NRM) (HR 1.644, 95%CI 0.670-4.038, P = .278). CONCLUSION: The reactivation of HHV-6 after unmanipulated haploidentical transplantation predicts the occurrence of grade 2-4 a-GVHD, but it may not influence the overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS) and non-relapse mortality (NRM).


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Herpesvirus Humano 6 , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Infecções por Roseolovirus , Ativação Viral , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23569, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327316

RESUMO

The SET nuclear proto-oncogene (SET)-nucleoporin (NUP) 214 fusion gene (SET-NUP214) is a rare leukemia fusion gene. Due to the limited number of samples with SET-NUP214 fusion gene in previous studies, the significance of SET-NUP214 for measurable residual disease (MRD) monitoring in patients with acute leukemia (AL) is still unclear. Our study aimed to observe the dynamic changes in SET-NUP214 expression before and after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), and analyzed whether SET-NUP214 could be used to evaluate MRD status. Our study included 24 AL patients who were newly diagnosed with SET-NUP214 fusion gene and they all received allo-HSCT. Their MRD was evaluated by monitoring SET-NUP214 fusion gene and leukemia-associated immunophenotype (LAIP). The median follow-up time was 501 days (56-2208 days). Of the enrolled patients, 6 (25%) patients died, including 3 (12.5%) patients died of leukemia relapse. Total 5 (20.8%) patients experienced hematological relapse at a median of 225 days (56-1057 days) post-transplantation. The SET-NUP214 median expression level at diagnosis was 405.1% (14.6%-1482.4%). SET-NUP214 gene expression generally became positive prior to flow cytometry results. In addition, the Kaplan-Meier survival curves analysis showed that those who had SET-NUP214 positive (SET-NUP214+) post-transplantation had a higher 2-year cumulative incidence of leukemia relapse (CIR) of 43.7 ±â€Š18.8% (P < .05). However, there was no significant difference between SET-NUP214 positive and SET-NUP214 negative patients with regard to their 2-year overall survival (OS) (82.5 ±â€Š11.3 vs 64.6 ±â€Š17.5%, respectively, P = .271). ROC curve analysis turned out that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.916 (95% CI: 0.784-1.0; P = .005). In conclusion, SET-NUP214 fusion gene determined by real-time quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) could be used to evaluate MRD status after allo-HSCT. Patients with positive SET-NUP214 expression after transplantation will have a poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Chaperonas de Histonas/genética , Leucemia/genética , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia/diagnóstico , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasia Residual , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
15.
Blood Adv ; 4(22): 5846-5857, 2020 11 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33232474

RESUMO

Infection is one of the primary causes of death from immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), and the lungs are the most common site of infection. We identified the factors associated with hospitalization for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in nonsplenectomized adults with ITP and established the [corrected] (ACPA) prediction model to predict the incidence of hospitalization for CAP. This was a retrospective study of nonsplenectomized adult patients with ITP from 10 large medical centers in China. The derivation cohort included 145 ITP inpatients with CAP and 1360 inpatients without CAP from 5 medical centers, and the validation cohort included the remaining 63 ITP inpatients with CAP and 526 inpatients without CAP from the other 5 centers. The 4-item ACPA model, which included age, Charlson Comorbidity Index score, initial platelet count, and initial absolute lymphocyte count, was established by multivariable analysis of the derivation cohort. Internal and external validation were conducted to assess the performance of the model. The ACPA model had an area under the curve of 0.853 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.818-0.889) in the derivation cohort and 0.862 (95% CI, 0.807-0.916) in the validation cohort, which indicated the good discrimination power of the model. Calibration plots showed high agreement between the estimated and observed probabilities. Decision curve analysis indicated that ITP patients could benefit from the clinical application of the ACPA model. To summarize, the ACPA model was developed and validated to predict the occurrence of hospitalization for CAP, which might help identify ITP patients with a high risk of hospitalization for CAP.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Adulto , China , Hospitalização , Humanos , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
16.
Expert Rev Anticancer Ther ; 20(6): 453-464, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459519

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains a curable strategy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), especially for adult cases. However, leukemia relapse after allograft restricts the improvement of transplant outcomes. Measurable residual disease (MRD) has been the strongest predictor for relapse after allo-HSCT, allowing MRD-directed preemptive therapy. AREAS COVERED: This manuscript summarizes the detection of MRD in patients with ALL who undergo allo-HSCT, focusing the effects of positive pre-HSCT MRD and post-HSCT MRD on outcomes as well as MRD-directed interventions. EXPERT OPINION: Except for MFC and RQ-PCR, other strategies, such as next-generation sequencing and RNAseq, have been developed for MRD determination. Negative effects of positive MRD peri-transplantation on outcomes of ALL patients were observed both in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling donor transplantation and in alternative donor transplantation. Advances have been made in determining the need for transplant according to MRD evaluation after induction or consolidation therapy. A number of approaches, including CAR-T-cell therapy, antibodies (blinatumomab, etc), targeted therapy (imatinib, etc), transplant donor selection, as well as donor lymphocyte infusion and interferon-α, have been successfully used or are promising for peri-transplantation MRD interventions. This progress could lead to the significant improvement of transplant outcomes for ALL patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Seleção do Doador , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/patologia , Recidiva , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Transplant Proc ; 52(1): 345-352, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31918969

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) on the proliferation and apoptosis of bone marrow (BM) B cells from healthy donors and its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The proliferation ability and apoptosis of BM cells from healthy donors before and after in vivo G-CSF application were determined by multiparameter flow cytometry. The gene expression of B cells was detected by RNA-Seq. In vitro experiments were performed to investigate the effects of G-CSF on the proliferation and apoptosis of BM B cells through which gene. RESULTS: Treating healthy donors with G-CSF significantly decreased proliferation and increased apoptosis of BM B cells. The proliferation of CD19+CD27- B cell subgroup and CD19+CD24hiCD38hi B cell subset were also decreased. G-CSF also significantly altered proapoptotic genes, cell cycle arrest genes, and DNA replication and cell cycle genes, especially significantly increased SOCS1 expression of BM B cells. In vitro experiments showed that SOCS1 overexpression did not affect B cell proliferation ability and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that extensive effects of G-CSF on BM B cells, such as inhibiting proliferation, inducing apoptosis, and altering a series of gene expression.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/farmacologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/biossíntese , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina/efeitos dos fármacos , Doadores de Tecidos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Ann Hematol ; 99(1): 73-82, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31768677

RESUMO

For acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with nucleophosmin 1 mutation (NPM1m), multiparameter flow cytometry (FCM) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) are used to monitor minimal residual disease (MRD). However, the results of the two methods are sometimes inconsistent. This study was designed to analyze how to address the discordant results of FCM and RQ-PCR in AML patients undergoing chemotherapy, especially when positive FCM (FCM+) and negative NPM1m (NPM1m-) results are detected in the same sample. Our study included 93 AML patients with NPM1m positive (NPM1m+) who received chemotherapy but did not undergo hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. We monitored NPM1m and leukemia-associated immunophenotypes (LAIPs) by RQ-PCR and FCM, respectively, to assess MRD after each chemotherapy course. After each course of chemotherapy, all patients were classified into four groups based on the results of FCM and RQ-PCR: both negative (group 1, FCM-NPM1m-), single positive (group 2, FCM-NPM1m+; group 3, FCM+NPM1m-), or both positive (group 4, FCM+NPM1m+). The results showed that there was not a significant difference in the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) after each course of chemotherapy between group 2 and group 3. Furthermore, patients in groups 2 and 3 had a lower 2-year CIR than those in group 4 and a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. The patients in group 4 had a significantly higher 2-year CIR than those in group 1 after the first two courses. These results suggested that in the MRD monitoring process of AML patients, when the results of FCM and RQ-PCR are inconsistent (especially when FCM is positive and NPM1m is negative), these single-positive results still have predictive significance for relapse.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias , Proteínas Nucleares , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasia Residual , Proteínas Nucleares/sangue , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Mol Diagn ; 22(2): 188-195, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751675

RESUMO

High WT1 expression after allogeneic hematologic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) can strongly predict relapse in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the cutoff values obtained have been inconsistent. Precise cutoff values may be optimized through subtype analysis; the RUNX1-RUNX1T1 fusion transcript provides an ideal reference. RUNX1-RUNX1T1 and WT1 transcript levels were simultaneously measured in 1299 bone marrow samples serially collected from 176 t(8;21) AML patients after allo-HSCT. The upper limit of the normal bone marrow WT1 level was 0.6%, which we previously reported to be the cutoff value for significant relapse prediction in AML as a whole. WT1 cutoff values of 0.6%, 1.2%, and 1.8% significantly differentiated patients in relapse after allo-HSCT. Nonetheless, patients with WT1 levels of 0.6% to 1.2% and those with levels of >1.2% and 1.8% after HSCT had rates of cumulative incidence of relapse similar to those with a continuous WT1 level of ≤0.6%, and both were significantly lower than that in patients with a WT1 level of >1.8%. WT1 expression was significantly related to RUNX1-RUNX1T1 transcript levels at WT1 levels of >1.8% but not at levels of 0.6% to 1.2% or >1.2% to 1.8%. Therefore, subgroup analysis can optimize the relapse-prediction cutoff value of WT1 expression. A cutoff level of 1.8% more accurately differentiates t(8;21) AML patients in relapse after allo-HSCT than does a cutoff level of 0.6%.


Assuntos
Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/diagnóstico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteínas WT1/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Cariótipo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Fusão Oncogênica/genética , Prognóstico , Proteína 1 Parceira de Translocação de RUNX1/genética , Recidiva , Translocação Genética , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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