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1.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 38, 2020 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been proved that multi-contrast cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) vessel wall imaging could be used to characterize carotid vulnerable plaque components according to the signal intensity on different contrast images. The signal intensity of plaque components is mainly dependent on the values of T1 and T2 relaxation. T1 mapping recently showed a potential in identifying plaque components but it is not well validated by histology. This study aimed to validate the usefulness of in vivo T1 mapping in assessing carotid vulnerable plaque components by histology. METHODS: Thirty-four subjects (mean age, 64.0 ± 8.9 years; 26 males) with carotid plaques referred to carotid endarterectomy were prospectively enrolled and underwent 3 T CMR imaging from May 2017 to October 2017. The T1 values of intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), necrotic core (NC) and loose matrix (LM) which were identified on multi-contrast vessel wall images or histology were measured on in-vivo T1 mapping. The IPHs were divided into two types based on the proportion of the area of fresh hemorrhage on histology. The T1 values of different plaque components were compared using Mann-Whitney U test and the agreement between T1 mapping and histology in identifying and quantifying IPH was analyzed with Cohen's Kappa and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). RESULTS: Of 34 subjects, 19 had histological specimens matched with CMR imaging. The mean T1 values of IPH (651 ± 253 ms), NC (1161 ± 182 ms) and LM (1447 ± 310 ms) identified by histology were significantly different. The T1 values of Type 1 IPH were significantly shorter than that of Type 2 IPH (456 ± 193 ms vs. 775 ± 205 ms, p < 0.001). Moderate to excellent agreement was found in identification (kappa = 0.51, p < 0.001), classification (kappa = 0.40, p = 0.028) and segmentation (ICC = 0.816, 95% CI 0.679-0.894) of IPHs between T1 mapping and histology. CONCLUSIONS: The T1 values of carotid plaque components, particularly for intraplaque hemorrhage, are differentiable, and the stage of intraplaque hemorrhage can be classified according to T1 values, suggesting the potential capability of assessment of vulnerable plaque components by T1 mapping.

2.
Stroke Vasc Neurol ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32404502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To investigate differences in the characteristics of carotid atherosclerotic plaques of symptomatic subjects in northern and southern China using MRI. METHODS: Sixty-three subjects in northern China (mean age: 59.1±8.6 years, 45 men) and 56 subjects in southern China (mean age: 60.4±8.6 years, 38 men) were included. All subjects underwent carotid artery multicontrast vessel wall MRI. Plaque morphology, calcification, lipid-rich necrotic core, intraplaque haemorrhage, luminal surface disruption and high-risk plaque were measured and identified. All plaque characteristics were compared between subjects in northern and southern China using Mann-Whitney U test or χ2 test. RESULTS: Compared with subjects in southern China, those in northern China had significantly greater areas for lumen (57.7±14.9 mm2 vs 50.4±18.3 mm2, p=0.009), wall (38.4±13.1 mm2 vs 31.9±11.7 mm2, p<0.001) and total vessel (96.1±20.2 mm2 vs 82.4±22.7 mm2, p=0.001) and mean wall thickness (1.25±0.43 mm vs 1.13±0.40 mm, p=0.019). χ2 analysis showed that subjects in northern China tended to have a higher prevalence of intraplaque haemorrhage (14.3% vs 5.4%, p=0.106) and high-risk plaque (20.6% vs 10.7%, p=0.140) than those in southern China, although these differences were not statistically significant (all p>0.05). CONCLUSION: Subjects in northern China have significantly larger vessel size and may have a higher prevalence of vulnerable plaques than those in southern China. Our findings provide additional perspective to optimise the management of cerebrovascular disease in individuals in different regions in China. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT02017756.

3.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 23, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic alcohol consumption initially leads to asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction, but can result in myocardial impairment and heart failure if ongoing. This study sought to characterize myocardial tissues and oxidative metabolism in asymptomatic subjects with chronic alcohol consumption by quantitative cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and 11C-acetate positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Thirty-four male subjects (48.8 ± 9.1 years) with alcohol consumption > 28 g/day for > 10 years and 35 age-matched healthy male subjects (49.5 ± 9.7 years) underwent CMR and 11C-acetate PET/CT. Native and post T1 values and extracellular volume (ECV) from CMR and Kmono and K1 from PET imaging were measured. Quantitative measurements by CMR and PET imaging were compared between subjects with moderate to heavy alcohol consumption and healthy controls, and their correlations were also analyzed. RESULTS: Compared to healthy controls, subjects with alcohol consumption showed significantly shorter native T1 (1133 ± 65 ms vs. 1186 ± 31 ms, p < 0.001) and post T1 (477 ± 42 ms vs. 501 ± 38 ms, p = 0.008) values, greater ECV (28.2 ± 2.2% vs. 26.9 ± 1.3%, p = 0.003), marginally lower Kmono (57.6 ± 12.1 min- 1 × 10- 3 vs. 63.0 ± 11.7 min- 1 × 10- 3, p = 0.055), and similar K1 (0.82 ± 0.13 min- 1 vs. 0.83 ± 0.15 min- 1, p = 0.548) after adjusting for confounding factors. There were no significant differences in CMR measurements and K1 between subjects with heavy and moderate alcohol consumption (all p > 0.05). In contrast, subjects with heavy alcohol consumption showed significantly lower Kmono values compared to those with moderate alcohol consumption (52.9 ± 12.1 min- 1 × 10- 3 vs. 63.7 ± 9.2 min- 1 × 10- 3, p = 0.012). Strong and moderate correlations were found between K1 and ECV in healthy controls (r = 0.689, p = 0.013) and subjects with moderate alcohol consumption (r = 0.518, p = 0.048), respectively. CONCLUSION: Asymptomatic men with heavy alcohol consumption have detectable structural and metabolic changes in myocardium on CMR and 11C-acetate PET/CT. Compared with quantitative CMR, 11C-acetate PET/CT imaging may be more sensitive for detecting differences in myocardial damage among subjects with moderate to heavy alcohol consumption.

5.
Neuroradiology ; 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32300828

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the association between plaque enhancement and stroke recurrence in subjects with intracranial atherosclerosis. METHODS: Ischemic stroke patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerosis were prospectively included and followed in a comprehensive stroke center. Pre- and post-contrast vessel wall images were used to evaluate plaque enhancement. Other established suggestive imaging markers were also acquired simultaneously. Univariate- and multivariate-adjusted Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to determine the association between plaque enhancement and stroke recurrence. Finally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to demonstrate the predictive value of different imaging markers. RESULTS: Of the 60 subjects included, 12 (20.0%) patients presented with ipsilateral stroke recurrence during the median 12-month follow-up. Cox proportional hazard regression models indicated that plaque enhancement was an independent risk factor associated with stroke recurrence after adjusted covariates, with a hazard ratio (HR) of 14.24 and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) (1.21, 168.11), p = 0.04. In addition, border zone infarction was also statistically significant in predicting stroke recurrence in multi-variable regression (HR = 3.80; 95% CI = 1.04, 13.80; p = 0.04). Collateral status was in marginal significance (HR = 0.25; 95% CI = 0.06, 1.08; p = 0.06). ROC analysis indicated that the area under the curve and 95% CI to identify stroke recurrence are 0.67 (0.51, 0.82) for plaque enhancement and 0.71 (0.54, 0.88) for infarction pattern and collateral status and may increase to 0.82 (0.70, 0.93) by combining the three markers above. CONCLUSION: Plaque enhancement is independently associated with stroke recurrence in subjects with intracranial atherosclerosis and has added value to hemodynamic indicators in predicting stroke recurrence.

7.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(5): 1383-1391, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160772

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Carotid bifurcation geometry has been believed to be a risk factor for the initiation of atherosclerosis because of its influence on hemodynamics. However, the relationships between carotid bifurcation geometry and plaque vulnerability are not fully understood. This study aimed to determine the association between carotid bifurcation geometry and plaque vulnerability using magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging. Approach and Results: A total of 501 carotid arteries with nonstenotic atherosclerosis were included from the cross-sectional, multicenter CARE II study (Chinese Atherosclerosis Risk Evaluation). Four standardized carotid bifurcation geometric parameters (bifurcation angle, internal carotid artery planarity, luminal expansion FlareA, and tortuosity Tort2D) were derived from time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography. Presence of vulnerable plaque, which was characterized by intraplaque hemorrhage, large lipid-rich necrotic core, or disrupted luminal surface, was determined based on multicontrast carotid magnetic resonance vessel wall images. Vulnerable plaques (N=43) were found to occur at more distal locations (ie, near the level of flow divider) than stable plaques (N=458). Multivariable logistic regression showed that the luminal expansion FlareA (odds ratio, 0.45 [95% CI, 0.25-0.81]; P=0.008) was associated with plaque vulnerability after adjustment for age, sex, maximum wall thickness, plaque location, and other geometric parameters. CONCLUSIONS: Smaller luminal expansion at carotid bifurcation is associated with vulnerable plaque. The finding needs to be verified with longitudinal studies and the underlying mechanism should be further explored with hemodynamics measurement in the future.

8.
Hypertens Res ; 2020 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037397

RESUMO

The associations between blood pressure parameters and intracranial vulnerable plaques have not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations between systemic blood pressure parameters, as well as their variability, and intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) in stroke patients with intracranial atherosclerosis. We retrospectively analyzed the high-resolution MRI data set of intracranial atherosclerosis from a comprehensive stroke center. The atherosclerotic plaque burden and presence of IPH in each vessel were obtained from vessel wall imaging. Blood pressure parameters in the first week of admission were used. The systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), and their variability (standard deviation [SD] and coefficient of variation [CV]) were compared between the IPH (+) and IPH (-) groups. Logistic regression analysis was used to demonstrate the correlations between different blood pressure parameters and IPH. The results indicated that SBP and PP were associated with multiple plaques and severe luminal stenosis after adjusting for confounders, with OR = 1.071, 95% CI: (1.044-1.098) and OR = 1.039, 95% CI: (1.019-1.060) for SBP and OR = 1.058, 95% CI: (1.027-1.089) and OR = 1.044, 95% CI: (1.019-1.070) for PP, respectively. SBP was associated with IPH after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors, with OR = 1.021, 95% CI: (1.003-1.038), but not after correcting for plaque burden, with OR = 1.014, 95% CI: (0.996-1.032). No associations between blood pressure variability and atherosclerotic plaque burden or IPH were detected in this study. In conclusion, SBP is associated with IPH after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors but not after further correction for atherosclerotic plaque burden. The association between blood pressure variability and intracranial atherosclerosis requires further study.

9.
Stroke ; 51(2): 475-480, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902332

RESUMO

Background and Purpose- High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging is capable of characterizing carotid atherosclerotic plaque morphology and composition. Most reported carotid plaque imaging techniques are 2-dimensional (2D) based with limited longitudinal coverage of ≈30 mm, which may be insufficient for complete visualization of extracranial carotid atheroma. A 3D black-blood imaging technique, motion-sensitized driven equilibrium prepared rapid gradient echo technique (3D-MERGE) can provide larger coverage. We sought to use 3D-MERGE to investigate carotid atherosclerosis plaque distribution and to analyze their correlation with clinical information and stroke risk factors. Methods- From 5 hospitals in China, 97 subjects suspected of recent stroke or transient ischemic attack were imaged with 3D-MERGE within 2 weeks of symptoms using 3T magnetic resonance imaging. Images were analyzed by 2 reviewers. Plaque length was calculated and categorized as plaques within, partially outside, or completely outside of typical 2D magnetic resonance imaging coverage. Associations between plaque features and clinical information, stroke risk factors were assessed. Results- Ninety-seven subjects with 194 carotid arteries (70 men and 27 women, mean age 60 years) were analyzed. Of the 136 plaques identified, 68 (50%) were within, 46 (33.8%) were partially outside, and 22 (16.2%) were completely outside of 2D magnetic resonance imaging coverage. Total plaque length was significantly positively associated with male sex (P<0.001), hypertension (P=0.011), and history of smoking (P<0.001). Hypertensive subjects were more likely to have at least one plaque completely outside the 2D magnetic resonance imaging coverage than nonhypertensive subjects (P=0.007). Conclusions- The 3D-MERGE allows for the identification of substantially more carotid plaques than 2D black-blood techniques. The extent and distribution of plaque, identified by the larger coverage afforded by 3D-MERGE, were found to correlate significantly with male sex and risk factors that are common among patients with stroke, including hypertension and history of cigarette smoking.

10.
J Magn Reson Imaging ; 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31944452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The relationship between plaque compositions and irregular plaque surface and its predictive value for vascular events (VEs) are unknown. PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between irregular carotid plaque surface and plaque compositional features and its predictive values for future VEs utilizing magnetic resonance (MR) vessel wall imaging. STUDY TYPE: Prospective study. POPULATION: In total, 140 patients with cerebrovascular symptoms were recruited. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3T, black blood T1 -weighted, black blood T2 -weighted, 3D time-of-flight, magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition gradient echo (MP-RAGE), and 3D motion sensitized driven equilibrium rapid gradient echo (MERGE). ASSESSMENT: The carotid artery stenosis and maximum wall thickness (Max WT) were measured. The presence/absence of irregular carotid plaque surface, calcification, lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC), intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), and fibrous cap rupture was determined. After baseline examination, all patients were followed-up for at least 1 year to record the VEs. STATISTICAL TESTS: Independent t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, Chi-square, logistic regression, and Cox regression were used. RESULTS: In total, 82 (58.6%) had irregular plaque surfaces. The carotid Max WT, stenosis, and the presence of surface calcification, LRNC and IPH were significantly associated with irregular plaque surface (all P < 0.05). After adjusted for baseline confounding factors, these associations remained statistically significant (all P < 0.05). During the median follow-up time of 12.1 months, 37 (26.4%) patients had VEs. Univariable Cox regression analysis showed that the irregular carotid plaque surface was significantly associated with subsequent VEs (hazard ratio [HR], 11.02; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.65-45.85; P = 0.001). After adjusted for baseline and follow-up confounding factors, this association remained statistically significant (HR, 13.03; 95% CI, 1.71-99.42, P = 0.013). After further adjusted for intracranial stenosis, this association also remained statistically significant (HR, 12.57; 95% CI, 1.63-96.83, P = 0.015). DATA CONCLUSION: The morphology of carotid atherosclerotic plaque surface determined by MR vessel wall imaging, particularly irregular plaque surface, is an independent predictor for subsequent vascular events. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 1 Technical Efficacy Stage: 5 J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2020.

11.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 4, 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31928532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is still unknown that whether co-existing intracranial stenosis and extracranial carotid vulnerable plaques have higher predictive value for subsequent vascular events. This study aimed to determine the relationship between co-existing extracranial carotid vulnerable plaques and intracranial stenosis and subsequent vascular events utilizing cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) vessel wall imaging. METHODS: Patients who had recent cerebrovascular symptoms in anterior circulation (< 2 weeks) were consecutively enrolled and underwent multi-contrast CMR vessel wall imaging for extracranial carotid arteries and 3D time-of flight CMR angiography for intracranial arteries at baseline. After baseline examination, all patients were followed-up for at least 1 year to determined recurrence of vascular events. The co-existing cerebrovascular atherosclerosis was defined as presence of both intracranial artery stenosis and at least one the following measures of extracranial artery atherosclerosis: plaque, calcification, lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC), or intraplaque hemorrhage. Univariate and multivariate Cox regressions were used to calculate the hazard ratio (HR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) of co-existing plaques in predicting subsequent vascular events. RESULTS: In total, 150 patients (mean age: 61.8 ± 11.9 years; 109 males) were recruited. During the median follow-up time of 12.1 months, 41 (27.3%) patients experienced vascular events. Co-existing intracranial artery stenosis and extracranial carotid plaque (HR, 3.57; 95% CI, 1.63-7.82; P = 0.001) and co-existing intracranial artery stenosis and extracranial carotid LRNC (HR, 4.47; 95% CI, 2.15-9.27; P < 0.001) were significantly associated with subsequent vascular events, respectively. After adjusted for confounding factors and carotid stenosis, these associations remained statistically significant (HR, 5.12; 95% CI, 1.36-19.24; P = 0.016 and HR, 8.12; 95% CI, 2.41-27.31; P = 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The co-existing cerebrovascular atherosclerotic diseases, particularly co-existing carotid lipid-rich necrotic core and intracranial stenosis, are independent predictors for subsequent vascular events.

12.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 66: 199-207, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31493474

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To theoretically compare the MR angiography (MRA) contrast mechanism of Time of Flight (TOF) and Simultaneous Non-contrast Angiography and intraPlaque hemorrhage (SNAP) for intracranial artery imaging with in-vivo validation. METHODS: The contrast ratio (CR) of SNAP and TOF was simulated under different blood velocities and travel distance that the blood had flown through. The CR and the slope of CR with respect to blood velocity of SNAP and TOF were compared in theoretical simulation. Two healthy subjects (a 60 years old female and a 29 years old male) were imaged on a 3 T MR scanner with SNAP, TOF and phase contrast (PC) images as the validation set. The measured CR from the images in validation set was compared with the theoretically simulated CR by Person's correlation coefficient. The ratio of CR difference to velocity difference in the validation set was compared between TOF and SNAP with Student's t-test. Thirty patients (21 males, age: 48 ±â€¯13.8 years) with carotid artery atherosclerotic plaque were imaged with both TOF and SNAP as the comparison test. Between TOF and SNAP, the CR and total artery length were compared with Student's t-test, and the prevalence of stenosis was compared with Cohen's kappa in comparison test. RESULTS: The theoretically simulated CR was significantly correlated with in-vivo measured CR from the validation set for TOF (p < 0.001) and SNAP (p < 0.001). The simulation revealed that the CR of SNAP was higher than that of TOF when the blood velocity and travel distance were within the range to have effective MRA contrast. Similarly, the in-vivo comparison test showed that SNAP had higher CR (p < 0.001 for all tested intracranial arteries) and longer total artery length (1.4 ±â€¯0.4 m vs 1.2 ±â€¯0.2 m, p < 0.001) than TOF. The stenosis detection performance was similar between TOF and SNAP (Cohen's kappa 0.72; 95% confidence interval: 0.51-0.93). Moreover, compared with TOF, SNAP showed higher slope of CR with respect to velocity in simulation (0.06 ±â€¯0.02 s/cm vs 0.02 ±â€¯0.05 s/cm, p < 0.001), and higher ratio of CR difference to velocity difference in validation test (0.47 ±â€¯0.38 s/cm vs 0.19 ±â€¯0.38 s/cm, p = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with TOF, the SNAP shows better performance to visualize distal intracranial artery and worse performance to visualize ICA, and is more sensitive to blood velocity.

13.
Diabetes Metab Res Rev ; 36(1): e3201, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278827

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of femoral atherosclerotic plaques in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) compared with those without DM using three-dimensional magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging. METHODS: Lower extremity atherosclerotic disease patients with and without DM (age ≥ 50 year-old) were recruited and underwent three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging for femoral arteries. The femoral arteries were divided into common femoral artery (CFA), proximal of superficial femoral artery (pSFA), adductor canal (AC), and popliteal artery (PA) segments. The characteristics of femoral artery atherosclerotic plaques were compared between patients with and without DM. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients with DM (69.5 ± 8.2 years; 26 males) and 50 patients without DM (71.9 ± 5.7 years; 28 males) were included. Significant differences were found in maximum wall thickness in CFA and AC segments, eccentricity index in AC segment, prevalence of plaque in CFA, pSFA and AC segments, stenosis and prevalence of calcification in pSFA, AC and PA segments, prevalence of lipid-rich necrotic core (LRNC) in all segments, and prevalence of intraplaque haemorrhage in PA segment between patients with and without DM (all P < .05). After adjusted for confounding factors of age, gender, hyperlipidemia, coronary artery disease, and statin use, the differences in eccentricity index, stenosis and prevalence of plaque, calcification and LRNC in pSFA and AC segments, and stenosis and prevalence of LRNC in PA segment remained statistically significant between patients with and without DM (all P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with DM have significantly larger plaque burden, higher prevalence of plaques, and more complex plaque compositions in femoral arteries than those without DM.

14.
Neuroradiology ; 62(2): 211-220, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720758

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the segment-specific progression of atherosclerotic carotid plaques using serial multi-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: Symptomatic patients with carotid 30-70% stenosis were recruited and underwent carotid MR vessel wall imaging at baseline and follow-up time point (≥ 6 months after baseline). The location of plaques was determined according to the maximum wall thickness located above or below carotid bifurcation. The baseline and changing characteristics of carotid plaques were compared between plaques above and below carotid bifurcation, and the risk factors for segment-specific plaque progression were analyzed with logistic regression. RESULTS: Ninety-six carotid plaques from 73 patients (mean age 66.5 ± 11.4 years old) were eligible for statistical analysis. Compared with plaques located below carotid bifurcation, those above bifurcation had significantly greater stenosis at baseline (57.2 ± 13.0% vs. 50.4 ± 13.5%, p = 0.016, adjusted p = 0.005) and greater progression rate of carotid wall volume (35.2 ± 68.8 mm3/year vs. 4.2 ± 65.0 mm3/year, p = 0.026, adjusted p = 0.005) before and after adjusting for all clinical risk factors and baseline stenosis and wall volume of carotid arteries. Logistic regression showed that the related risk factors were age, hypertension, and smoke for the progression of plaques located above the bifurcation and age for plaques below the bifurcation, respectively. CONCLUSION: Plaques located above the bifurcation of carotid arteries had greater annual progression and correlated with more cardiovascular risk factors compared with those located below the bifurcation.

15.
Neuroradiology ; 62(2): 221, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820064

RESUMO

The above article was published online with incorrect presentation of author name. Mingming is the given name and Lu is the family name. The presentation of the author name has been corrected above.

16.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(2): 104448, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852597

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in characteristics of carotid plaques between patients Xining at high altitude and Jinan at sea level using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from a cross-sectional, observational, multicenter imaging study of CARE-II study. Forty-nine (mean age 63.3 ± 12.0 years, 33 males) and 51 (mean age 64.5 ± 12.0 years, 34 males) patients were recruited from a site located in a high altitude region and a site located near sea level, respectively. All patients underwent multicontrast MR vessel wall imaging for carotid arteries on 3.0 T MR scanner. The carotid plaques features were compared between 2 patient groups. RESULTS: Compared with patients at sea level, those at high altitude had significantly greater lumen area (58.5 ± 17.8 mm2 versus 50.0 ± 19.6 mm2, P = .008), smaller maximum normalized wall index (48.6% ± 14.2% versus 57.8% ± 16.3%, P = .002), and smaller percentage volume of calcium (0.9% versus 5.6%, P < .001) in the symptomatic carotid artery. After adjustment for clinical risk factors including age, sex, systolic blood pressure, LDL-C, and statin use, these differences in plaque morphology and composition remained statistically significant. After further adjustment for normalized wall index as a measure of plaque burden, percentage volume of calcification was still significantly smaller in patients at high altitude area than that in patients at sea level area (P = .047). CONCLUSION: Symptomatic subjects from a high altitude area have lower plaque burden and less calcification in the carotid artery compared to those from an area near sea level.


Assuntos
Altitude , Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Placa Aterosclerótica , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Doenças das Artérias Carótidas/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia
17.
Diagnostics (Basel) ; 9(4)2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581663

RESUMO

Correct stratification of ischemic stroke risk allows for the proper treatment of carotid atherosclerotic disease. We seek to differentiate plaque types based on stenosis level and plaque morphology. The Chinese Atherosclerosis Risk Evaluation (CARE-II) study is a cross-sectional, observational, multicenter study to assess carotid atherosclerotic plaques in symptomatic subjects using vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging. Plaque morphology and presence of plaque components were reviewed using multi-contrast magnetic resonance imaging. The carotid arteries were divided into four groups based on stenosis level and plaque components. Out of 1072 ischemic stroke subjects, 452 ipsilateral side carotid arteries were included. Significant stenosis (SS) (≥50% stenosis) with high-risk plaque (HRP) features was present in 37 arteries (8.2%), SS(+)/HRP(-) in 29 arteries (6.4%), SS(-)/HRP(+) in 57 arteries (12.6%), and SS(-)/HRP(-) in 329 arteries (72.8%). The prevalence of SS(-)/HRP(+) arteries in this cohort was substantial and had greater wall thickness than the SS(+)/HRP(-) group. These arteries may be misclassified for carotid revascularization by current guidelines based on the degree of luminal stenosis only. These findings have implications for further studies to assess stroke risk using vessel wall imaging.

18.
J Clin Neurosci ; 70: 72-78, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis in stroke-related vascular beds is the major cause of stroke. Studies demonstrated that multivascular atherosclerosis is prevalent in stroke patients and those with multivascular plaques had higher risk of recurrent stroke. OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the relationship between homocysteine and multivascular atherosclerosis in stroke-related vascular beds using magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Patients with recent ischemic cerebrovascular symptoms were enrolled and underwent three-dimensional magnetic resonance vessel wall imaging for intracranial arteries, extracranial carotid arteries and aortic arch. Traditional risk factors and homocysteine were measured. Presence of multivascular plaques defined as plaques in at least two stroke-related vascular beds on magnetic resonance imaging was determined. The relationship between homocysteine and characteristics of multivascular plaques was determined. RESULTS: Of 49 enrolled patients (mean age: 56.3 ±â€¯13.8 years; 35 males), 23 had multivascular plaques. Homocysteine (odds ratio, 1.17; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.34; p = 0.022) and age (odds ratio, 1.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.22-2.41; p = 0.002) were significantly associated with presence of multivascular plaques. The adjusted associations remained significant (both p < 0.05). In discriminating presence of multivascular plaques, the area-under-the-curve of age, homocysteine and combination of them was 0.79, 0.70 and 0.87 respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Homocysteine is independently associated with stroke-related multivascular plaques and combination of age and homocysteine has stronger predictive value.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Homocisteína/sangue , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Aterosclerose/sangue , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Placa Aterosclerótica/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Magn Reson Imaging ; 63: 123-130, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31425803

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to propose a method to semi-automatically segment lumen of carotid artery on TOF-MRA images with well performance on images with weak boundary. METHODS: The proposed method modified traditional level set method with double adaptive threshold (DATLS). Two thresholds were calculated from probability density function of initial region of interest. Threshold Th1 was used to generate initial contour and threshold Th2 was used to control evolution by modifying energy function of the level set. The performance of the proposed method was tested on TOF-MRA images from CARE II study via using manual delineation as reference. Sixty cases were randomly selected to compare the performance of traditional level set with DATLS, all 283 cases were used to test the robustness of DATLS and 20 cases were used to compare the intra- and inter-operator reproducibility of manual delineation with DATLS. The Dice Similarity Coefficient, Mean Contour Distance and Hausdorff Distance between the proposed method and the manual segmentation were reported. RESULTS: Traditional level set failed to segment carotid artery on 13 cases because of over convergence. Compared to traditional level set, DATLS showed a higher DSC (0.88 ±â€¯0.07 vs. 0.75 ±â€¯0.15), lower MCD (0.48 ±â€¯0.37 mm vs. 1.89 ±â€¯2.24 mm) and HD (1.41 ±â€¯1.11 mm vs. 4.59 ±â€¯4.59 mm) in the remaining 47 cases. The average DSC, MCD and HD of DATLS on 283 cases were 0.87 ±â€¯0.09, 0.64 ±â€¯0.87 mm and 1.76 ±â€¯2.23 mm, respectively. Compared to manual delineation, DATLS had better reproducibility on DSC (intra-operator: 0.97 ±â€¯0.09 and inter-operator: 0.97 ±â€¯0.09 vs. intra-operator: 0.91 ±â€¯0.04 and inter-operator: 0.91 ±â€¯0.04), as well as MCD (intra-operator: 0.08 ±â€¯0.18 mm and inter-operator: 0.13 ±â€¯0.52 mm vs. intra-operator: 0.35 ±â€¯0.20 mm and inter-operator: 0.37 ±â€¯0.19 mm) and HD (intra-operator: 0.30 ±â€¯0.66 mm and inter-operator: 0.48 ±â€¯1.38 mm vs. intra-operator: 0.99 ±â€¯0.79 mm and inter-operator: 0.90 ±â€¯0.85 mm). CONCLUSION: Compared to traditional level set, DATLS out-performed on computing time, robustness and accuracy of segmentation on TOF-MRA. The proposed method using modified level set with double adaptive threshold might be a promising tool for lumen segmentation of carotid artery on TOF-MRA.

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