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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 144, 2022 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35337273

RESUMO

Sophora davidii is an important plant resource in the karst region of Southwest China, but S. davidii plant-height mutants are rarely reported. Therefore, we performed phenotypic, anatomic structural, transcriptomic and metabolomic analyses to study the mechanisms responsible for S. davidii plant-height mutants. Phenotypic and anatomical observations showed that compared to the wild type, the dwarf mutant displayed a significant decrease in plant height, while the tall mutant displayed a significant increase in plant height. The dwarf mutant cells were smaller and more densely arranged, while those of the wild type and the tall mutant were larger and loosely arranged. Transcriptomic analysis revealed that differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in cell wall biosynthesis, expansion, phytohormone biosynthesis, signal transduction pathways, flavonoid biosynthesis and phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were significantly enriched in the S. davidii plant-height mutants. Metabolomic analysis revealed 57 significantly differential metabolites screened from both the dwarf and tall mutants. A total of 8 significantly different flavonoid compounds were annotated to LIPID MAPS, and three metabolites (chlorogenic acid, kaempferol and scopoletin) were involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis and flavonoid biosynthesis. These results shed light on the molecular mechanisms of plant height in S. davidii mutants and provide insight for further molecular breeding programs.


Assuntos
Sophora , Transcriptoma , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Metabolômica , Reguladores de Crescimento de Plantas/metabolismo , Sophora/genética , Sophora/metabolismo
2.
Chemosphere ; : 135874, 2022 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926750

RESUMO

Increasing attentions have been paid on widespread contaminations of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). Particularly, simultaneous occurrence of multiple PFAS in the aquatic environments globally has been recognized as a crucial emerging issue. The present study aimed to perform simultaneous removal of multiple PFAS contaminations from groundwater around a fluorochemical facility based upon the technique of periodically reversing electrocoagulation (PREC). Accordingly, the experiments were implemented on the best conditions, actual application, and removal mechanism in the process of PREC with Al-Zn electrodes. Consequently, 1 mg/L synthetic solution of ten PFAS could be eliminated ideally during the initial 10 min, under the optimal conditions involving voltage at 12 V, pH at 7.0, and electrolyte with NaCl. The maximum removal rates of perfluorobutanoic acid (PFBA), perfluorobutane sulfonate (PFBS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) were 90.9%, 91.0%, 99.7%, and 100%, respectively. The PREC performed a significant improvement for the wide scope of PFAS removal with the levels ranging from 10 µg/L to 100 mg/L. In addition, the optimized PREC technique was further applied to remove various PFAS contaminations from the natural groundwater samples underneath the fluorochemical facility, subsequently generating the removal efficiencies in the range between 31.3% and 99.9%, showing the observable advantages compared with other removal techniques for the actual application. Finally, the mechanism of PFAS removal was mainly related to enmeshment and synergistic bridging adsorption, together with oxidation degradation that determined by potential formation of short-chain PFAS in the PREC process. As a result, the PREC technique would be a promising technique for the efficient removal of multiple PFAS contaminations simultaneously from natural water bodies.

3.
ACS Nano ; 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35921085

RESUMO

Burns are a common health problem worldwide and are highly susceptible to bacterial infections that are difficult to handle with ordinary wound dressings. Therefore, burn wound repair is extremely challenging in clinical practice. Herein, a series of self-healing hydrogels (QCS/OD/TOB/PPY@PDA) with good electrical conductivity and antioxidant activity were prepared on the basis of quaternized chitosan (QCS), oxidized dextran (OD), tobramycin (TOB), and polydopamine-coated polypyrrole nanowires (PPY@PDA NWs). These Schiff base cross-links between the aminoglycoside antibiotic TOB and OD enable TOB to be slowly released and responsive to pH. Interestingly, the acidic substances during the bacteria growth process can induce the on-demand release of TOB, avoiding the abuse of antibiotics. The antibacterial results showed that the QCS/OD/TOB/PPY@PDA9 hydrogel could kill high concentrations of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli in a short time and showed a bactericidal effect for up to 11 days in an agar plate diffusion experiment, while showing good in vivo antibacterial activity. Excellent and long-lasting antibacterial properties make it suitable for severely infected wounds. Furthermore, the incorporation of PPY@PDA endowed the hydrogel with near-infrared (NIR) irradiation assisted bactericidal activity of drug-resistant bacteria, conductivity, and antioxidant activity. Most importantly, in the PA-infected burn wound model, the QCS/OD/TOB/PPY@PDA9 hydrogel more effectively controlled wound inflammation levels and promoted collagen deposition, vascular generation, and earlier wound closure compared to Tegaderm dressings. Therefore, the TOB smart release hydrogels with on-demand delivery are extremely advantageous for bacterial-infected burn wound healing.

4.
Small ; : e2203674, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35941099

RESUMO

The unstable anode/electrolyte interface (AEI) triggers the corrosion reaction and dendrite formation during cycling, hindering the practical application of zinc metal batteries. Herein, for the first time, l-cysteine (Cys) is employed to serve as an electrolyte additive for stabilizing the Zn/electrolyte interface. It is revealed that Cys additives tend to initially approach the Zn surface and then decompose into multiple effective components for suppressing parasitic reactions and Zn dendrites. As a consequence, Zn|Zn symmetric cells using trace Cys additives (0.83 mm) exhibit a steady cycle life of 1600 h, outperforming that of prior studies. Additionally, an average Coulombic efficiency of 99.6% for 250 cycles is also obtained under critical test conditions (10 mA cm-2 /5 mAh cm-2 ). Cys additives also enable Zn-V2 O5 and Zn-MnO2 full cells with an enhanced cycle stability at a low N/P ratio. More importantly, Cys/ZnSO4 electrolytes are demonstrated to be still effective after resting for half year, favoring the practical production.

5.
Biomater Adv ; 137: 212831, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929264

RESUMO

Adjuvant systemic chemotherapy with gemcitabine (GEM) is recognized as the standard of care to improve the prognosis of patients with resected pancreatic cancer (PC); however, it is greatly limited by poor absorption of chemotherapy agents. Moreover, surgical site infection and Gammaproteobacteria-induced GEM resistance further decrease the chemotherapy efficacy and increase the risk of recurrence and even mortality. Here, we develop an implantable anti-bacterial and anti-cancer fibrous membrane (AAFM) to inhibit PC recurrence in a well-coordinated manner. Our AAFM can be readily prepared via simple co-electrospinning of GEM and poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) and subsequent tannic acid (TA)-mediated in-situ generation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The resultant membrane presents highly porous fibrous morphology and appropriate mechanical performance. Most importantly, we find the surface-deposited TA/AgNP complexes can exert multiple therapeutic effects: (1) they can act as a fence to extend GEM diffusion route, achieving a sustained drug release; (2) they can fight the pathogenic microorganisms in the local microenvironment and prevent infectious complications and alleviate Gammaproteobacteria-induced chemotherapy resistance; (3) they can combat residual cancer cells to synchronously strengthen the effectiveness of GEM-based chemotherapy. Altogether, our AAFM provides a proof-of-concept demonstration of the integrated anti-cancer and anti-bacterial strategy for enhanced therapeutic efficacy and will inspire the design of other high-performance implants for prevention of tumor relapse.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Prata/farmacologia , Microambiente Tumoral
6.
Biomater Adv ; 136: 212793, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35929325

RESUMO

Chronic nonhealing wounds are one of the most common and serious complications of diabetes, which can lead to disability of patients. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) have emerged as a promising tool for skin wound healing, but the therapeutic potential depends considerably on the cell delivery system. Small intestinal submucosa (SIS) is an extracellular matrix-based membranous scaffold with outstanding repair potential for skin wounds. In this study, we first fabricated a bioactive wound dressing, termed the SIS+ADSCs composite, by using human ADSCs as the seed cell and porcine SIS as the cell delivery vehicle. Then, we systematically investigated, for the first time, the healing potential of this wound dressing in a rat model of type 2 diabetes. In vitro studies revealed that SIS provided a favorable microenvironment for ADSCs and significantly promoted the expression of growth factors critical for chronic wound healing. After implantation in the full-thickness skin wounds of diabetic rats, the SIS+ADSCs composite showed a higher wound healing rate and wound healing quality than those in the PBS, ADSCs, and SIS groups. Along with the ability to modulate the polarization of macrophages in vivo, the SIS+ADSCs composite was potent at promoting wound angiogenesis, reepithelialization, and skin appendage regeneration. Taken together, these results indicate that the SIS+ADSCs composite has good therapeutic potential and high translational value for diabetic wound treatment.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Animais , Bandagens , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Ratos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Suínos , Cicatrização
7.
Front Genet ; 13: 949989, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938033

RESUMO

Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma (PSC) is a rare subtype of lung malignant tumor. Conventional chemotherapy has a suboptimal effectiveness. PSC has the characteristics of rapid disease progression and poor prognosis. We herein report a 56-year-old male patient with substantial smoking history was pathologically diagnosed as PSC, cT4N0M0 IIIA stage. Peripheral blood NGS showed TP53 mutation. The patient had poor tolerance to the first-line chemotherapy regimen "albumin paclitaxel + cisplatin," but the severe anemia was significantly improved after 5 days of anti-angiogenic therapy with Anlotinib. At this time, the patient received anti-PD-1 immunotherapy with Tislelizumab. Half a month later, degree III liver injury occurred repeatedly. After excluding drug-induced liver injury, we found that HCV-RNA 3.10 × 105 IU/ml and suspended all anti-tumor therapy. After the start of anti-HCV treatment with Epclusa, the treatment of Tislelizumab combined with Anlotinib was restarted, and there was no liver injury after that. The patient received monthly maintenance therapy with Tislelizumab combined with Anlotinib to the present. The pulmonary lesions continued to decrease, and only one lung cavity is left. The patient has achieved clinical complete remission (CCR) with PSF over 20 months. Our findings suggest that Tislelizumab combined with Anlotinib may be a preferred strategy in PSC complicating TP53 mutation. Core tip: Immune-check point inhibitors (ICIs) have been reported for the treatment of PSC in a small number of case reports and retrospective analysis, but there are few reports of ICIs combined with anti-angiogenic drugs. This patient was diagnosed as locally advanced PSC complicated with TP53 mutation and hepatitis C. After 14 cycles of Tislelizumab combined with Anlotinib treatment (during the course of treatment, several courses were not treated on time for economic reasons, rather than adverse reactions), the patient has achieved CCR. III degree liver injury occurred during the treatment, and the liver function returned to normal range after anti-hepatitis C treatment, which did not affect the continued treatment of this regimen.

8.
Front Nutr ; 9: 931458, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35938108

RESUMO

A balanced diet with many dietary components maintains immune homeostasis directly by interacting with innate and adaptive immune components or indirectly through gut microbiota and their metabolites. Dietary components may inhibit pro-inflammatory mediators and promote anti-inflammatory functions or vice versa. Western diets with imbalanced dietary components skew the immune balance toward pro-inflammation and induce intestinal inflammation, consequently leading to many intestinal and systemic inflammatory diseases like ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, irritable bowel syndrome, cardiovascular problems, obesity, and diabetes. The dietary component-induced inflammation is usually chronic in nature and frequently caused or accompanied by alterations in gut microbiota. Therefore, microbiome-targeted therapies such as probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics hold great potentials to amend immune dysregulation and gut dysbiosis, preventing and treating intestinal and systemic inflammatory diseases. Probiotics, prebiotics and synbioitcs are progressively being added to foods and beverages, with claims of health benefits. However, the underlining mechanisms of these interventions for preventing and treating dietary component-induced inflammation are still not very clear. In addition, possibly ineffective or negative consequences of some probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics call for stringent testing and regulation. Here, we will first briefly review inflammation, in terms of its types and the relationship between different dietary components and immune responses. Then, we focus on current knowledge about the direct and indirect effects of probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics on intestinal and systemic inflammation. Understanding how probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics modulate the immune system and gut microbiota will improve our strategies for preventing and treating dietary component-induced intestinal inflammation and inflammatory diseases.

9.
Mol Med ; 28(1): 87, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Angiogenesis plays a critical role on post-infarction heart failure (PIHF), the presence of which facilitates additional blood supply to maintain the survival of residual cardiomyocytes. The sigma-1 receptor (S1R) has been substantiated to stimulate angiogenesis, with the effect on a model of PIHF remaining unknown. AIMS: This study aims to investigate the effects of S1R on PIHF and the underlying mechanisms involved. METHODS: Rats were implemented left anterior descending artery ligation followed by rearing for 6 weeks to induce a phenotype of heart failure. Daily intraperitoneal injection of S1R agonist or antagonist for 5 weeks was applied from 2nd week after surgery. The effects exerted by S1R were detected by echocardiography, hemodynamic testing, western blot, Sirius red dyeing, ELISA, immunohistochemistry and fluorescence. We also cultured HUVECs to verify the mechanisms in vitro. RESULTS: Stimulation of S1R significantly ameliorated the cardiac function resulted from PIHF, in addition to the observation of reduced fibrosis in the peri-infarct region and the apoptosis of residual cardiomyocytes, which were associated with augmentation of microvascular density in peri-infarct region through activation of the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. We also indicated that suppression of JAK2/STAT3 pathway by specific inhibitor in vitro reversed the pro-angiogenic effects of S1R on HUVECs, which further confirmed that angiogenesis, responsible for PIHF amelioration, by S1R stimulation was in a JAK2/STAT3 pathway-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: S1R stimulation improved PIHF-induced cardiac dysfunction and ventricular remodeling through promoting angiogenesis by activating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Receptores sigma , Animais , Infarto , Ratos , Receptores sigma/agonistas , Receptores sigma/metabolismo , Roedores/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
10.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 393, 2022 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35922852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Tissue stem cells have exhibited a therapeutic effect on psoriatic mice. However, the therapeutic effect of topical administration of the secretome derived from tissue stem cells on psoriasis has not been reported. METHODS: The secretome from human amniotic epithelial cells (AEC-SC) and human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UMSC-SC) was topically administrated on the back of imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mice. Subsequently, we observed the skin lesions and skin inflammation of psoriasis-like mice. Next, we further analyzed the paracrine factors in AEC-SC and UMSC-SC by protein chips. Lastly, the effect of the crucial paracrine factor was investigated by imiquimod-induced psoriasis-like mice. RESULTS: We found that AEC-SC had a better therapeutic effect on attenuating psoriasis-like skin lesions including skin scales, skin redness and skin thickness than UMSC-SC, and it had a better regulatory effect on keratinocyte hyperproliferation and altered differentiation. Thus, we focused on AEC-SC. Further study showed that AEC-SC reduced the infiltration of neutrophils and interleukin-17-producing T cells. Next, the analysis of AEC-SC with protein chip revealed that the levels of anti-inflammatory factor interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra) were much higher in AEC-SC compared to that in UMSC-SC. More importantly, the beneficial effect of AEC-SC on psoriasis-like skin lesions and skin inflammation of mice were significantly impaired when neutralizing with IL-1ra antibody, while the recombinant human IL-1ra showed a less protective effect than AEC-SC. CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated that AEC-SC could efficiently ameliorate psoriasis-like skin lesions and skin inflammation and IL-1ra plays an essential role. Therefore, topical administration of AEC-SC may provide a novel strategy for treating psoriasis-like inflammatory skin diseases.


Assuntos
Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1 , Psoríase , Administração Tópica , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Imiquimode , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/terapia , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Psoríase/terapia , Secretoma , Pele/patologia
11.
Can J Microbiol ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944283

RESUMO

This study examined changes in soil bacterial community composition and diversity in response to fertilization with litter from chickens fed diet with no antibiotics, bambermycin, penicillin, bacitracin, salinomycin, and mix of salinomycin and bacitracin. Litter was applied to 24 agricultural-plots. Non-fertilized plots were used as a negative control. Soil samples collected from the studied plots were used to quantify Escherichia coli by plate counts, and Clostridium perfringens by qPCR. The 16S-rRNA gene sequencing was performed for microbiota analysis. Following litter application in December, the population size of E.coli was 5.4 log CFU/g, however, regardless of treatments the result revealed 5.2 and 1.4 log CFU/g of E.coli in soil sampled in January and March, respectively. Fertilization with antibiotic treated litter increased (P < 0.05) the relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria and Firmicutes in soil, but decreased Acidobacteria and Verrucomicrobia groups. The alpha-diversity parameters were higher (P < 0.05) in non-fertilized soil compared to the fertilized ones, suggesting that litter application was a major factor in shaping the soil bacterial communities. These results may help develop efficient litter management strategies like composting, autoclaving, or anaerobic digestion of poultry litter before application to land for preservation of soil health and crop productivity.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(8): 4262-4270, 2022 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35971722

RESUMO

A two-year field experiment was carried out in a Cu-Zn-Cd-Pb-contaminated field with Sasa auricoma, Indocalamus tessellatus, and Shibataea chinensis Nakai to investigate their growth and accumulation characteristics. Based on changes in heavy metal content in the soil, we compared their phytoremediation potentials for the combined pollution of heavy metals. After two years of planting, S. auricoma showed the best tolerance to soil contaminated by heavy metals, with the number of plants being 63.8 times that at the time of planting. For each bamboo type, heavy metals were most concentrated in the root, with the best enrichment ability of Cd and worst ability of Pb. The bioconcentration factor of Cd in the roots was far greater than 1 for all three species, with 17.68 for S. auricoma and 14.63 for I. tessellatus. The accumulation of heavy metals was mainly concentrated in the roots and rhizomes, and the accumulations of Cu, Zn, and Cd in S. auricoma were 157.14, 363.3, and 7.18 g·hm-2, respectively, which were higher than those of I. tessellatus and S. chinensis Nakai. Compared with that before planting, the content of heavy metals in the non-rhizosphere soil decreased after two years of planting, among which Cd content decreased the most, from 39.6%-40.4%. In addition, the contents of Cu, Zn, and Cd in rhizosphere soil of S. auricoma and S. chinensis Nakai were significantly lower than those in non-rhizosphere soil (P<0.05). The results showed that the three species had strong accumulation ability of Cd and could be further studied as Cd-repaired plants. The growth condition and content and accumulation of heavy metals in S. auricoma were excellent among the dwarf bamboos, which showed the highest phytoremediation potential.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Cádmio , Fazendas , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Plantas , Poaceae , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise
13.
Front Immunol ; 13: 941982, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35958584

RESUMO

Micro ribonucleic acids (miRNAs), as a category of post-transcriptional gene inhibitors, have a wide range of biological functions, are involved in many pathological processes, and are attractive therapeutic targets. Considerable evidence in ophthalmology indicates that miRNAs play an important role in diabetic retinopathy (DR), especially in inflammation, oxidative stress, and neurodegeneration. Targeting specific miRNAs for the treatment of DR has attracted much attention. This is a review focusing on the pathophysiological roles of miRNAs in DR, diabetic macular edema, and proliferative DR complex multifactorial retinal diseases, with particular emphasis on how miRNAs regulate complex molecular pathways and underlying pathomechanisms. Moreover, the future development potential and application limitations of therapy that targets specific miRNAs for DR are discussed.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Edema Macular , MicroRNAs , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Humanos , Inflamação , Edema Macular/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo
14.
Childs Nerv Syst ; 2022 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35972535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe MR imaging appearances of the fetal lumbar spine in vivo at different gestational ages (GAs). METHODS: This retrospective study was approved by the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. We collected MR images and clinical data of 93 fetuses in our hospital. All the MR images were obtained by 3-T MR. All had the mid-sagittal plane of steady state free precession sequence (Trufi) of the lumbar spine, which could show the lumbar vertebra and conus medullaris (CM). Regression analysis was made between GA and heights of lumbar vertebral body ossification center (LVBOC), lengths of LVBOC, and heights of intervertebral gap (IVG). RESULTS: There were good linear correlations between the heights of LVBOC and GA (P < 0.001), lengths of LVBOC and GA (P < 0.001), and heights of IVG and GA (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: We showed the different development of each LVBOC and IVG which caused the difference of the shape of LVBOC and IVG.

15.
Int J Clin Pract ; 2022: 3622896, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35910070

RESUMO

Background: This study aims at exploring the effect of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) on the liver and kidney function indexes of patients and analyze the changes in these indexes after minimally invasive surgery. Method: Patients with OSAHS (n = 51) who were diagnosed via polysomnography (PSG) and received minimally invasive surgery in the sleep disorders diagnosis and treatment center of the West China Fourth Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2017 to January 2019 were selected as test subjects and placed in the OSAHS group. At the same time, 79 healthy people with no snoring or breathing difficulties were selected from the medical examination center of the hospital as the control group (tested as normal by PSG). These two groups were used to compare the differences in the related indexes of serum liver and kidney function and evaluate the changes in sleep monitoring and related liver and kidney function indexes in patients with OSAHS after minimally invasive surgery. Results: The alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and uric acid (UA) levels were higher in the OSAHS group (48.98 ± 36.34, 28.88 ± 14.80, and 422.30 ± 98.65, respectively) than in the control group (21.91 ± 11.61, 22.18 ± 6.19, and 330.49 ± 64.45 and t = 6.514, 3.549, and 6.373, respectively; p < 0.05). Of the patients with OSAHS, 17 were followed up for one year. After minimally invasive surgery, ALT decreased from 44.29 ± 20.61 to 26.47 ± 9.91 (t = 4.395), AST decreased from 27.71 ± 8.32 to 21.82 ± 4.81 (t = 3.673), and UA decreased from 397.35 ± 92.14 umol/L to 362.94 ± 106.76 umol/L (t = 2.580), and these differences were statistically significant (p < 0.05).The changes in ALT (r = -0.635) and AST (r = -0.504) were related to the difference in the lowest blood oxygen saturation (p < 0.05), and the change in UA was related to the difference in the apnea-hypopnea index (r = -0.532, p < 0.05). Conclusion: There are some abnormalities in liver- and kidney-function-related indexes in patients with OSAHS, and minimally invasive surgery can help to improve liver and kidney function in these patients.


Assuntos
Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono , Ácido Úrico , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Polissonografia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/cirurgia , Ronco , Síndrome
16.
Front Hum Neurosci ; 16: 887849, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35911595

RESUMO

The heterogeneity of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) protocols and clinical profiles may explain variable results in modulating excitability in the motor cortex after stroke. However, the cortical electrical effects induced by different tDCS protocols remain unclear. Here, we aimed to compare rhythm changes in electroencephalography (EEG) induced by three tDCS position protocols and the association between tDCS effects and clinical factors in stroke. Nineteen patients with chronic ischemic stroke underwent four experimental sessions with three tDCS protocols [anodal (atDCS), cathodal (ctDCS), and bilateral (bi-tDCS)] and a sham protocol, according to a single-blind randomized crossover design. Resting-state EEG was acquired before and after each protocol. First, a paired-sample t-test was used to examine the difference in spectral power between pre- and post-stimulation. Then, linear and quadratic regression models were used separately to describe the association between the clinical factors of stroke and changes in spectral power which was significantly different between pre- and post-tDCS. Finally, repeated measures analysis of variance with lesion hemisphere, stimulation protocol, and the location was performed to investigate the effects of tDCS over time. The induced effect of tDCS was mainly reflected in the alpha rhythms. The alpha power was increased by atDCS, especially low-alpha (8-10 Hz), in localized areas of the central and distant areas of the frontal and parietal lobes. Bi-tDCS also affected alpha power but in a smaller area that mainly focused on high-alpha rhythms (10-13 Hz). However, ctDCS and sham had no significant effects on any EEG rhythm. The clinical factors of time since stroke and motor impairment level were related to the change in high-alpha induced by atDCS and bi-tDCS following quadratic regression models. The above-mentioned modulation effect lasted for 20 min without attenuation. In conclusion, our findings provide evidence that the alpha rhythm of EEG is modulated differently by different tDCS protocols and that high alpha is affected by clinical characteristics such as post-stroke time and motor deficits, which is of great significance for understanding the modulation effect of different tDCS protocols on stroke and the guidance of protocols to promote motor recovery following stroke.

17.
Front Oncol ; 12: 906344, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912193

RESUMO

Background: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasms (LAMNs) are indolent tumors with low-grade cytology. Although peritoneal dissemination is common due to tumor rupture and mucinous deposits on the visceral peritoneal surface, distant involvement, such as lung, is rarely seen due to lack of invasiveness. Case Presentation: A 70-year-old woman presented to the hospital due to continuously elevated carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels for 10 months without any symptoms. PET/CT revealed two lesions located in the left lung and appendix. The postoperative pathology results revealed pulmonary mucinous adenocarcinoma and LAMN. Then we performed next-generation sequencing (NGS) to clarify the relationship between the two tumors. The sequencing result showed that both tumors harbored the common tumor mutations, KRAS (p.G12D), GNAS (p.R201H), and BRAF (p.R735Q), which indicated that the pulmonary tumor was a metastasis of LAMN. Conclusion: This case is unusual in that the primary LAMN and the pulmonary metastasis are present at the time of diagnosis. This study reported the first pulmonary metastasis from LAMN verified by NGS.

18.
J Inflamm Res ; 15: 4159-4169, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35912401

RESUMO

Background: Osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is a complex disease resulting in degeneration of the hip joint. The pathogenesis of ONFH is largely unknown, but alterations in immunological factors have been proposed to play a role. Methods: We included 109 patients with ONFH and 109 age-, sex-, and body mass index-matched healthy controls in this study. The percentage of circulating CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ lymphocytes among the total lymphocytes was identified by flow cytometry and compared between the cases and controls. Subgroup analysis within each etiological group and correlation analysis of T-cell subset levels with disease duration were performed. Furthermore, we compared the expression patterns of CD4, RANKL, and FoxP3 in the femoral head of healthy and glucocorticoid (GC)-treated ONFH rats. Results: The results showed that CD3+ and CD4+ T-cell counts and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio were significantly higher in patients with ONFH and that CD3+ lymphocyte levels were negatively correlated with disease duration. The CD4+ T-cell levels and CD4+/CD8+ ratios in the GC-ONFH etiological group were lower than those in the idiopathic-, traumatic-, and alcoholic-ONFH groups, while the CD8+ T-cell levels were higher. Furthermore, the CD3+, CD4+, and CD8+ T-cell counts and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio were higher in the GC-ONFH group than in the control group. Finally, we observed diminished levels of FoxP3/CD4 double-positive T regulatory cells and increased RANKL+ T-cell levels in the bone marrow of the femoral head in GC-ONFH rats. Conclusion: The imbalance of T-cell subsets might be involved in the pathophysiological process of ONFH, and diminished CD4+/FoxP3+ T regulatory cells may be associated with increased RANKL+ T cells in the bone marrow of the femoral head in GC-ONFH, which may facilitate bone resorption and collapse of the femoral head. Trial Registration: This study was registered in the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (Registration number: ChiCTR2100042642).

19.
Plant Foods Hum Nutr ; 2022 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35916997

RESUMO

Two flavonols quercetin and myricetin were assessed for their in vitro activities to attenuate the acrylamide-induced cytotoxicity and barrier loss in rat intestinal epithelial (IEC-6) cells and to identify whether heat treatment of the flavonols might cause activity changes. The results showed that the flavonols could alleviate the acrylamide-caused cell injury, resulting in higher cell viability, lower lactate dehydrogenase release, and less formation of reactive oxygen species. Meanwhile, the flavonols could antagonize the acrylamide-induced barrier dysfunction via decreasing the paracellular permeability, increasing the transepithelial resistance of cell monolayer, and enhancing the expression of three tight junction proteins namely occludin, claudin-1, and zonula occludens-1. The flavonols also could down-regulate the expression of JNK/Src proteins and thus cause lower relative protein ratios of p-JNK/JNK and p-Src/Src, resulting in a suppressed JNK/Src activation. Totally, quercetin was more potent than myricetin to exert these assessed activities, while the heated flavonols obtained lower activity than the unheated ones. It is thus concluded that the flavonols had beneficial activities towards the intestinal epithelial cells with acrylamide exposure by alleviating the acrylamide-induced cytotoxicity and barrier disruption, while heat treatment of the flavonols was unfavorable because it led to a reduced flavonol activity to the cells.

20.
J Am Chem Soc ; 144(32): 14798-14808, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35926228

RESUMO

The bottom-up approach through on-surface synthesis of porous graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) presents a controllable manner for implanting periodic nanostructures to tune the electronic properties of GNRs in addition to bandgap engineering by width and edge configurations. However, owing to the existing steric hindrance in small pores like divacancies, it is still difficult to embed periodic divacancies with a nonplanar configuration into GNRs. Here, we demonstrate the on-surface synthesis of atomically precise eight-carbon-wide armchair GNRs embedded with periodic divacancies (DV8-aGNRs) by utilizing the monatomic step edges on the Au(111) surface. From a single molecular precursor correspondingly following a trans- and cis-coupling, the DV8-aGNR and another porous nanographene are respectively formed at step edges and on terraces at 720 and 570 K. Combining scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and first-principles calculations, we determine the out-of-plane conformation, wide bandgap (∼3.36 eV), and wiggly shaped frontier orbitals of the DV8-aGNR. Nudged elastic band calculations further quantitatively reveal that the additional steric hindrance effect in the cyclodehydrogenative reactions has a higher barrier of 1.3 eV than that in the planar porous nanographene, which also unveils the important role played by the monatomic Au step and adatoms in reducing the energy barriers and enhancing the thermodynamic preference of the oxidative cyclodehydrogenation. Our results provide the first case of GNRs containing periodic pores as small as divacancies with a nonplanar configuration and demonstrate the strategy by utilizing the chemical heterogeneity of a substrate to promote the formation of novel carbon nanomaterials.

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