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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526840

RESUMO

The suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) negatively regulates the responses of various immune cytokines. In this study, we identified socs3s genes of blunt snout bream. 209- and 216-aa long peptides are encoded by socs3a and socs3b genes, respectively. The socs3s mRNAs are expressed consistently during the entire process of embryonic development. Whole-mount in situ hybridization detected socs3a in the eyes and posterior somites at 12 h post fertilization (hpf), transcribed at the otic vesicle at 24 hpf, and transcribed at the eyes, brain, and otic vesicle at 36 hpf; while the socs3b mRNA was transcribed at the notochord at 12 hpf, expressed in the brain, eyes, and tailbud at 24 hpf, and detected in the brain at 36 hpf. The expression of socs3a is slightly different from that of socs3b in tissues of juvenile and adult blunt snout bream. After recombinant human growth hormone (hGH) treatment, the transcript levels of socs3s of blunt snout bream were increased in gills, spleen, kidney, and gonads. After Aerononas hydrophila infection, the mRNA levels of socs3s of blunt snout bream were significantly increased in the liver, spleen, intestine, and kidney tissues. Blunt snout bream were susceptible to various pathogenic microorganisms, we intraperitoneally injected blunt snout bream with A. hydrophila to explore the immune mechanism of socs3s. These results suggested that socs3s of blunt snout bream plays important roles in the regulation of embryonic development and tissue growth, and that socs3s may also play key roles in regulating the bacterial-induced congenital immune response. Socs3s genes has the potential to be used as targeted genes to improve the immunity against bacteria, which is conducive to the improvement of production and breeding.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719213

RESUMO

Context: The first issue to be considered in acupuncture is the safety of and adverse effects from treatment. Fainting is an uncommon adverse reaction. Some researchers believe that fainting is related to the mechanism underlying acupuncture treatment, but due to moral and technical issues, studies involving fainting during the acupuncture process haven't been conducted. Objective: The study intended to determine if specific risk factors are associated with fainting during acupuncture treatment. Design: The research team performed 2 case studies involving fainting during acupuncture. Setting: The study took place in the Physiotherapy Departments of the Leribe Motebang Hospital and the Mamohau Hospital in the Kingdom of Lesotho. Participants: Participants were 2 out of 2050 patients who received acupuncture treatment between October 2017 and April 2018 at one of the hospitals. They had fainted, with different clinical manifestations, during acupuncture treatment. Their main symptoms were dizziness, general weakness associated forehead sweating, palpitations, dyspnea, and nausea. Results: In both cases, the patient had complained of hunger before treatment. Both claimed that they had never experienced such a situation previously. Conclusions: The research team suggests that the fainting occurred for the patients in the two case studies secondary to the hungry state. Hunger may be one of the most important causes of fainting connected to acupuncture. The failure of a practitioner to perform treatment for fainting in a timely and effective manner, or his or her improper handling of it, can lead to serious consequences. Therefore, factors that may cause fainting should be minimized to avoid their occurrence during acupuncture.

3.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(10): 1914-1924, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668038

RESUMO

Genome-scale metabolic network models have been successfully applied to guide metabolic engineering. However, the conventional flux balance analysis only considers stoichiometry and reaction direction constraints, and the simulation results cannot accurately describe certain phenomena such as overflow metabolism and diauxie growth on two substrates. Recently, researchers proposed new constraint-based methods to simulate the cellular behavior under different conditions more precisely by introducing new constraints such as limited enzyme content and thermodynamics feasibility. Here we review several enzyme-constrained models, giving a comprehensive introduction on the biological basis and mathematical representation for the enzyme constraint, the optimization function, the impact on the calculated flux distribution and their application in identification of metabolic engineering targets. The main problems in these existing methods and the perspectives on this emerging research field are also discussed. By introducing new constraints, metabolic network models can simulate and predict cellular behavior under various environmental and genetic perturbations more accurately, and thus can provide more reliable guidance to strain engineering.


Assuntos
Enzimas/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Modelos Biológicos , Genoma/genética , Redes e Vias Metabólicas/genética , Termodinâmica
4.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819883633, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684829

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long noncoding RNA GM16343 on interleukin 36ß promotion of CD8+T cells in tumor microenvironment regulation. METHODS: The differentially expressed long noncoding RNA in interleukin 36ß-stimulated mouse CD8+T cells was screened by gene chip technology, and the significant differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs were verified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The lentiviral vector that overexpresses or knockdown GM16343 was constructed, transfected into CD8+T cells, and stimulated with interleukin 36ß, and the amount of interferon γ secreted was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A mouse subcutaneous xenograft model that stably express interleukin 36ß was established, and the tumor size and mouse survival time were observed by stimulation with CD8+T cells overexpression or knockdown of GM16343. RESULTS: A total of 12 long noncoding RNAs with significant differences were screened by gene chip analysis. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the difference in GM16343 was larger, and the difference between the groups was observed to be the most significant. Compared to control group, CD8+T cells overexpressing GM16343 increased the secretion of interferon γ, and the tumor diameter of the mice after stimulation showed significant reduction, and the survival time showed significant prolongation. Compared to control group, the CD8+T cells after GM16343 were knocked down. The interferon γ secretion was decreased, and no significant change in tumor diameter and survival time was observed. CONCLUSION: Interleukin 36ß may enhance antitumor immune response of CD8+T cells by regulating GM16343.

5.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16037, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690779

RESUMO

Chickens reared in high altitude regions suffer from a high mortality, possibly due to poor immune responses induced by hypoxia. This experiment was conducted to evaluate whether increasing the oxygen level or administration of a probiotic could improve mortality and immune response of chickens at high altitude (2,986 m above the sea level). One-d-old chickens were randomly allocated to 1 of 6 treatments in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement. The first factor was the oxygen level (low and high), while the second factor was the diet (basal diet, basal diet containing aureomycin, and basal diet plus L. plantarum). Increasing the oxygen level significantly reduced the mortality and improved immune responses. The levels of IgA, IgG, IL-10 and anti-BSA antibodies were significantly higher, while IL-1ß, LITAF were significantly lower in chickens reared in the high-oxygen room. In the low-oxygen room, L. plantarum significantly decreased the mortality of chickens compared with the other 2 groups. Moreover, L. plantarum significantly increased the levels of IgA, anti-BSA antibodies, IL-10 and decreased IL-1ß, LITAF compared with the control group. These results demonstrated that increasing oxygen level or administration of L. plantarum can improve health status of chickens in high altitude regions.

6.
Brain Res ; : 146511, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672472

RESUMO

Isoflurane anesthesia is reported to induce insulin resistance (IR) in the peripheral tissues. However, researches on the impact of isoflurane on insulin-related metabolism in the central nervous system, especially in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), are scarce. This study sought to explore whether isoflurane anesthesia had a negative effect on insulin sensitivity both in peripheral and central tissues. Moreover, the possible role of isoflurane anesthesia in T2DM mice with pre-existing IR was analyzed. T2DM model in C57BL/6J mice was established by high fat diet (HFD) and single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg). Both HFD/STZ-induced T2DM mice and normal mice received 6 h isoflurane exposure. Blood glucose level and serum insulin concentration were detected and the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) index was calculated to estimate peripheral IR. Relative levels of genes and proteins in the insulin-dependent signaling pathway in mouse prefrontal cortex and hippocampus were determined to measure central IR. Results indicated that 6 h isoflurane exposure induced hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and raised HOMA-IR index. Meanwhile, phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 (pIRS1) (Ser639) and phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-2 (pIRS2) (Ser731) were upregulated, while phosphorylated protein kinase B (pAKT) (Ser473) and phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (pGSK3ß) (Ser9) were downregulated in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of anesthetized mice. Notably, isoflurane anesthesia significantly aggravated the degree of central IR in the aspects of gene transcriptions and protein expressions in HFD/STZ-induced T2DM mice with pre-existing IR. This study suggested that isoflurane anesthesia induced peripheral and central IR and aggravated pre-existing insulin resistance in T2DM mice.

7.
J Nutr Biochem ; 73: 108213, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704346

RESUMO

Anesthetic exposure induces learning and memory impairment and the mechanisms remain unknown. Green tea polyphenols(GTP) have been reported to be neuroprotective. The present study was performed to examine the therapeutic potential of GTP on isoflurane-induced cognitive deficits. Six-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were treated with 1.6% isoflurane for 6 hours. Multiple-dose of GTP at 25 mg/kg for 7 consecutive days and single-dose at 75 mg/kg on the 7th day were respectively administered intraperitoneally to model mice before anesthesia. Fear conditioning test and novel objection recognition were conducted to assess cognition of mice. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) was evaluated using assay kits. Protein expression levels of right hippocampus p-CaMKII, p-CREB and BDNF were examined by Western blot. Our results indicated that 6 h isoflurane anesthesia induced cognitive impairment in early 3 days. Meanwhile, the hippocampus SOD declined in step. The expression levels of p-CaMKII, p-CREB and BDNF were also downregulated. GTP 25mg/kg per day significantly attenuated cognitive dysfunction on Day 3 following isoflurane anesthesia. Moreover, GTP 25mg/kg per day effectively mitigated isodlurane-induced declines of SOD, as well as the p-CaMKII, p-CREB and BDNF levels. However, single-dose at 75 mg/kg of GTP had no significant effects. This study indicated that GTP attenuate isoflurane-induced cognition impairment and this positive effects may be related to its antioxidant properties.

8.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109552, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715370

RESUMO

Rhodiola rosea L., a worldwide botanical adaptogen, has been confirmed to possess protective effects of inflammatory injury for many diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, diabetes, sepsis, and cancer. This paper is to review the recent clinical and experimental researches about the anti-inflammatory effects and the related mechanisms of Rhodiola rosea L. extracts, preparations, and the active compounds. From the collected information reviewed, this paper will provide the theoretical basis for its clinical application, and provide the evidences or guidance for future studies and medicinal exploitations of Rhodiola rosea L.

9.
JAMA ; 322(18): 1780-1788, 2019 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31714986

RESUMO

Importance: Additional treatment options are needed for patients who do not achieve sufficient reduction in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level with available lipid-lowering therapies. Objective: To assess the efficacy of bempedoic acid vs placebo in patients at high cardiovascular risk receiving maximally tolerated lipid-lowering therapy. Design, Setting, and Participants: Phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial conducted at 91 clinical sites in North America and Europe from November 2016 to September 2018, with a final date of follow-up of September 22, 2018. A total of 779 patients with atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia, or both met randomization criteria, which included LDL-C level 70 mg/dL (1.8 mmol/L) or greater while receiving maximally tolerated lipid-lowering therapy. Interventions: Patients were randomized 2:1 to treatment with bempedoic acid (180 mg) (n = 522) or placebo (n = 257) once daily for 52 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was percent change from baseline in LDL-C level at week 12. Secondary measures included changes in levels of lipids, lipoproteins, and biomarkers. Results: Among 779 randomized patients (mean age, 64.3 years; 283 women [36.3%]), 740 (95.0%) completed the trial. At baseline, mean LDL-C level was 120.4 (SD, 37.9) mg/dL. Bempedoic acid lowered LDL-C levels significantly more than placebo at week 12 (-15.1% vs 2.4%, respectively; difference, -17.4% [95% CI, -21.0% to -13.9%]; P < .001). Significant reductions with bempedoic acid vs placebo were observed at week 12 for non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (-10.8% vs 2.3%; difference, -13.0% [95% CI, -16.3% to -9.8%]; P < .001), total cholesterol (-9.9% vs 1.3%; difference, -11.2% [95% CI, -13.6% to -8.8%]; P < .001), apolipoprotein B (-9.3% vs 3.7%; difference, -13.0% [95% CI, -16.1% to -9.9%]; P < .001), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (median, -18.7% vs -9.4%; difference, -8.7% [asymptotic confidence limits, -17.2% to -0.4%]; P = .04). Common adverse events included nasopharyngitis (5.2% vs 5.1% with bempedoic acid and placebo, respectively), urinary tract infection (5.0% vs 1.9%), and hyperuricemia (4.2% vs 1.9%). Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease receiving maximally tolerated statins, the addition of bempedoic acid compared with placebo resulted in a significant lowering of LDL-C level over 12 weeks. Further research is needed to assess the durability and clinical effect as well as long-term safety. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02991118.


Assuntos
Anticolesterolemiantes/uso terapêutico , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Ácidos Dicarboxílicos/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Graxos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Hiperlipidemia Familiar Combinada/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Anticolesterolemiantes/efeitos adversos , Aterosclerose/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Ácidos Dicarboxílicos/efeitos adversos , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Ácidos Graxos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Hiperlipidemia Familiar Combinada/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
EBioMedicine ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767539

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of pregnancies with postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) antenatally rather than intrapartum would aid delivery planning, facilitate transfusion requirements and decrease maternal complications. MRI has been increasingly used for placenta evaluation. Here, we aim to build a nomogram incorporating both clinical and radiomic features of placenta to predict the risk for PPH in pregnancies during caesarian delivery (CD). METHODS: A total of 298 pregnant women were retrospectively enrolled from Henan Provincial People's Hospital (training cohort: n = 207) and from The Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University (external validation cohort: n = 91). These women were suspected with placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders and underwent MRI for placenta evaluation. All of them underwent CD and were singleton. PPH was defined as more than 1000 mL estimated blood loss (EBL) during CD. Radiomic features were selected based on their correlations with EBL. Radiomic, clinical, radiological, clinicoradiological and clinicoradiomic models were built to predict the risk of PPH for each patient. The model with the best prediction performance was validated with its discrimination ability, calibration curve and clinical application. FINDINGS: Thirty-five radiomic features showed strong correlation with EBL. The clinicoradiomic model resulted in the best discrimination ability for risk prediction of PPH, with AUC of 0.888 (95% CI, 0.844-0.933) and 0.832 (95% CI, 0.746-0.913), sensitivity of 91.2% (95% CI, 85.8%-96.7%) and 97.6% (95% CI, 92.7%-100%) in the training and validation cohort respectively. For patients with severe PPH (EBL more than 2000 mL), 53 out of 55 pregnancies (96.4%) in the training cohort and 18 out of 18 (100%) pregnancies in the validation cohort were identified by the clinicoradiomic model. The model performed better in patients without placenta previa (PP) than in patients with PP, with AUC of 0.983 compared with 0.867, sensitivity of 100% compared with 90.8% in the training cohort, AUC of 0.832 compared with 0.815, sensitivity of 97.6% compared with 97.2% in the validation cohort. INTERPRETATION: The clinicoradiomic model incorporating both prenatal clinical factors and radiomic signature of placenta on T2WI showed good performance for risk prediction of PPH. The predictive model can identify severe PPH with high sensitivity and can be applied in patients with and without PP.

11.
Int J Oncol ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746363

RESUMO

Ski, an evolutionary conserved protein, is involved in the development of a number of tumors, such as Barrett's esophagus, leukemia, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, hemangiomas and melanoma. However, studies on the functions of Ski in osteosarcoma (OS) are limited. In this study, firstly the differential expression of Ski in OS tissues and osteochondroma tissues was detected, and the expression of Ski in both human OS cell lines (MG63 and U2OS) and normal osteoblasts (hFoB1.19) was then detected. The results demonstrated that Ski expression was significantly upregulated in both human OS tissues and cell lines. The results led us to hypothesize that Ski may play an essential role in the pathological process of OS. Thus, Ski specific small interfere RNA (Ski­siRNA) was used. The results revealed that OS cell proliferation was markedly inhibited following the knockdown of Ski, which was identified by CCK8 assay, EdU staining and cell cycle analysis. In addition, OS cell migration was significantly suppressed following Ski knockdown, which was identified by wound healing assay. Moreover, the protein levels of p­PI3K and p­Akt in OS cells declined prominently following Ski knockdown. On the whole, the findings of this study revealed that Ski expression was significantly upregulated in OS tissue and OS cells. The knockdown of Ski decreased OS cell proliferation and migration, which was mediated by blocking the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Thus, Ski may act as a tumor promoter gene in tumorigenesis, and Ski may prove to be a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of OS.

12.
Biofabrication ; 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726448

RESUMO

Hydrogels are very popular in biomedical areas for their extraordinary biocompatibility. However, most bio-hydrogels are too brittle to perform micro/nanofabrication. An effective method is cast molding; yet during this process, many defects occur as the excessive demolding stress damages the brittle hydrogels. Here, we propose a brand-new damage-free demolding method and a soft ultrafine fiber mold (SUFM) to replace the traditional mold. Both mechanical and finite element analysis (FEA) reveal that SUFMs have obvious advantages especially when the contact area between hydrogel and mold gets larger. By means of a high-resolution 3D printing called electrohydrodynamic (EHD) printing, SUFMs with various topological structures can be achieved with the fiber diameter ranging from 500 nm to 100 µm at a low cost. Microfluidics and cell patterns are implemented as the demonstration for potential applications. Owing to the tiny scale of microstructures and the hydrophilicity of hydrogels, significant capillary effect occurs which can be utilized to deliver liquid and cells autonomously and to seed cells into those ultrafine channels evenly. The results open up a new avenue for a wider use of hydrogels in biomedical devices, tissue engineering, microfluidics and wearable electronics; the proposed fabrication method also has the potential to become a universal technique for micro/nanofabrication of brittle materials.

13.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16783, 2019 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31727985

RESUMO

Duck hepatitis A virus (DHAV) causes an infectious disease that mainly affects 1- to 4-week-old ducklings, resulting in considerable loss to the duck industry. Although there have been many studies on DHAV in recent years, the effects on host infection and pathogenesis of DHAV-1 remain largely unknown. This study investigated the effects of the DHAV-1 structural protein VP3 on DHAV-1 virus adsorption and apoptosis to explore the role of VP3 in the viral life cycle. The effects of DHAV-1 VP3 and an antibody against the protein on virion adsorption was analyzed by qRT-PCR. The results showed that the virus copy number for the rabbit anti-VP3 IgG-treated group was significantly lower than that for the negative control group but higher than that for the rabbit anti-DHAV-1 IgG-treated group. This result indicates that VP3 mediates DHAV-1 virus adsorption but that it is not the only protein that involved in this process. In addition, a eukaryotic recombinant plasmid, pCAGGS/VP3, was transfected into duck embryo fibroblasts (DEFs), and the apoptotic rate was determined by DAPI staining, the TUNEL assay and flow cytometry. DAPI staining showed nucleus fragmentation and nuclear edge shifting. TUNEL assay results revealed yellow nuclei, and flow cytometry indicated a significant increase in the apoptotic rate. In addition, qRT-PCR revealed increased in the transcriptional levels of the apoptotic caspase-3, -8 and -9, with the largest increase for caspase-3, followed by caspase-9 and caspase-8. Enzyme activity analysis confirmed these results. Furthermore, the VP3 protein decreased the mitochondrial membrane potential, and the transcriptional levels of the proapoptotic factors Bak, Cyt c and Apaf-1 in the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway were significantly upregulated. These data suggest that expression of VP3 in DEFs induces apoptosis and may primarily activate caspase-3-induced apoptosis through mitochondrion-mediated intrinsic pathways. The findings provide scientific data to clarify DHAV-1 infection and pathogenesis.

14.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; : e22423, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31729781

RESUMO

MicroRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that posttranscriptionally regulate the expression of target genes and play crucial roles in diverse physiopathologic processes. In the current study, we examined the microRNA (miRNA) expression profile of high-glucose-treated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and the potential mechanisms. Differentially expressed miRNAs were analyzed by a miRNA microarray and validated by a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in high-glucose-treated rat cardiomyocytes. Based on the results of our previous study and the bioinformatics prediction, we identified miR-195-5p/SGK1/Nedd4-2/hERG as the top-ranked signal pathway in diabetes cell model in vitro. In summary, our present study provides novel insights into the regulatory mechanism of miR-195-5p/SGK1/Nedd4-2/hERG in rat cardiomyocytes under high-glucose stress, which may provide a novel idea for the development of diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for diabetic cardiomyopathy in the future.

15.
Health Commun ; : 1-9, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739690

RESUMO

As a key notion in medical consultation, trustworthiness has been the attention of an array of research, focusing on its significance for the patient-doctor alliance as well as the success of communication in between. Despite its importance, scant effort has been made previously about the actual discourse through which trustworthiness is achieved, in particular for online medical consultation in Chinese. The aim of this research is to investigate the linguistic structures of Chinese doctors' narratives for trustworthiness construction in online medical consultation. We use the Internet-based dataset collected from 120 ask.com. It is found that doctors' trustworthiness discourse can be categorized into two types: authoritative discourse and attitudinal discourse, with the former specifically realized by expertise-oriented discourse through medical jargon and experience-oriented discourse with the help of individual experience and collective experience, and the latter by including affection-oriented discourse through doctors' respect for patients, behavior-oriented discourse by means of doctors' avoidance of imposition on patients and cognition-oriented discourse with the aid of doctors' disagreements. Meanwhile, detailed linguistic and para-linguistic means to realize these discourses are analyzed to offer some insights into the appropriate discourses of trustworthiness for the doctors both online and offline in Chinese medical consultation scenario.

16.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 17162, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748581

RESUMO

Ultra-low-loss and large-effective-area fiber has been successfully applied in transoceanic transmission, which is considered as a promising candidate for 100 Gbit/s and beyond 100 Gbit/s coherent long-haul terrestrial optical networks. Several theoretical and experimental investigations have been reported, including provincial terrestrial field trial. To support long-haul terrestrial application, it is urgent to prove that the ultra-low-loss and large-effective-area fiber after terrestrial deployment can significantly enhance the performance of long-haul transmission over 1000 km compared with the conventional single mode fiber. In this paper, we extended our previous work and summarized design methods for complex terrestrial environment. To verify the fiber characteristics in long-haul terrestrial transmission, we installed the longest terrestrial ultra-low-loss and large-effective-area fiber link in the world with a total length of 1539.6 km. The results show that the transmission performances of wavelength-division-multiplexed signals with per-channel data rates of 100 Gbit/s, 200 Gbit/s, and 400 Gbit/s over the ultra-low-loss and large-effective-area fiber are all obviously improved, demonstrating that this fiber is more suitable for ultrahigh-speed long-haul terrestrial transmission.

17.
J Food Sci ; 2019 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762034

RESUMO

Traditionally fermented yak yogurt as a Tibetan dairy product is high not only in nutrients but also in probiotics. A probiotic strain with a potential lipid reducing effect was isolated from yak yogurt. An animal model for hyperlipidemia was evaluated using the blood index and expression levels of lipid metabolism-related proteins in mice to determine the effect of Lactobacillus casei YBJ02 (LC-YBJ02) on lipid metabolism in hyperlipidemic mice and the underlying mechanism. LC-YBJ02 at different concentrations exhibited certain inhibitory effects on the increase in blood lipid in mice. Particularly, high concentrations of LC-YBJ02 can reduce the cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein content; however, no significant effect on the high-density lipoprotein of the body has been reported. LC-YBJ02 can effectively increase the reduction in cholesterol level by fecal excretion. In this study, the gene-affecting mouse obesity was determined using experimental results in mice. The expression levels of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ), CCAAT enhancer binding protein alpha (CEBP)/α, sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP)-1c, and FAS could improve because of the high-fat diet in kidney fat. Bacteria at different concentrations could also decrease these expression levels. Specifically, the high concentration of LC-YBJ02 could suppress the expression of PPARγ, CEBP/α, and SREBP-1c; however, the expression of FAS was not significantly inhibited. PPARγ and FAS expression levels in the liver were low, but no significant difference was indicated. CEBP/α and SREBP-1c expression in mouse liver was further detected by Western blot analysis; CEBP/α was considerably low and could not be detected. On the basis of these results, LC-YBJ02 could be used as probiotics through its lipid reduction effects.

19.
Chemosphere ; 243: 125373, 2019 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765895

RESUMO

The pyrethroid insecticide deltamethrin has been reported to have an effect on vertebrate development and cardiovascular disease. Sodium tanshinone IIA sulfonate (STS) is considered to have cardioprotective effects and melatonin is known to regulate sleep-waking cycles. In this experiment, we used transgenic zebrafish Tg (kdrl:mCherry) and Tg (myl7:GFP) to investigate whether STS and melatonin could reverse the cardiovascular toxicity and neurotoxicity induced by deltamethrin. Zebrafish embryos were exposed to 25 µg/L deltamethrin at 10 hpf and treated with 100 mmol/L STS and 1 µmol/L melatonin showed that deltamethrin treatment affected normal cardiovascular development. In situ hybridization and qRT-PCR results showed that deltamethrin could interfere with the normal expression of cardiovascular development-related genes vegfr2, shh, gata4, nkx2.5, causing functional defects in the cardiovascular system. In addition, deltamethrin could affect the sleep-waking behavior of larvae, increasing the activity of larvae, decreasing the rest behavior and the expression of hcrt, hcrtr, aanat2 were down-regulated. The addition of melatonin and STS can significantly alleviate cardiovascular toxicity and sleep-waking induced by deltamethrin, while restoring the expression of related genes to normal levels. Our study demonstrates the role of STS and melatonin in protecting cardiovascular and sleep-waking behavior caused by deltamethrin.

20.
Future Oncol ; 15(32): 3723-3738, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650850

RESUMO

Aim: Apocynum venetum polyphenol (AVP) was used in in vitro glioma cells culture to prove the growth inhibitory effect of AVP on human U87 glioma cells via NF-κB pathway. Materials & methods: The MTT assay, DAPI morphology, quantitative PCR and western blot experiments were used for determination in vitro. Results & conclusion: AVP can also induce U87 cancer cells apoptosis illustrated by DAPI morphology. AVP could enhance the mRNA and protein expression of IκB-α, TNF-α, TRAIL, caspase-3 and caspase-9 in U87 cancer cells and reduce those of NF-κBp65, cIAP-1, cIAP-2, TGF-ß2, CyclinD1, VEGF and IL-8. After ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) treatment, the NF-κBp65 expression was reduced in U87 cells, and AVP could raise these effects. The results of HPLC indicate that AVP mainly contains six constituents. The growth inhibitory effects of AVP on U87 glioma cells are predominantly from these natural active constituents.

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