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1.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 18: 1533033819883633, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684829

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of long noncoding RNA GM16343 on interleukin 36ß promotion of CD8+T cells in tumor microenvironment regulation. METHODS: The differentially expressed long noncoding RNA in interleukin 36ß-stimulated mouse CD8+T cells was screened by gene chip technology, and the significant differentially expressed long noncoding RNAs were verified by real-time polymerase chain reaction. The lentiviral vector that overexpresses or knockdown GM16343 was constructed, transfected into CD8+T cells, and stimulated with interleukin 36ß, and the amount of interferon γ secreted was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. A mouse subcutaneous xenograft model that stably express interleukin 36ß was established, and the tumor size and mouse survival time were observed by stimulation with CD8+T cells overexpression or knockdown of GM16343. RESULTS: A total of 12 long noncoding RNAs with significant differences were screened by gene chip analysis. Real-time polymerase chain reaction showed that the difference in GM16343 was larger, and the difference between the groups was observed to be the most significant. Compared to control group, CD8+T cells overexpressing GM16343 increased the secretion of interferon γ, and the tumor diameter of the mice after stimulation showed significant reduction, and the survival time showed significant prolongation. Compared to control group, the CD8+T cells after GM16343 were knocked down. The interferon γ secretion was decreased, and no significant change in tumor diameter and survival time was observed. CONCLUSION: Interleukin 36ß may enhance antitumor immune response of CD8+T cells by regulating GM16343.

2.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 16037, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690779

RESUMO

Chickens reared in high altitude regions suffer from a high mortality, possibly due to poor immune responses induced by hypoxia. This experiment was conducted to evaluate whether increasing the oxygen level or administration of a probiotic could improve mortality and immune response of chickens at high altitude (2,986 m above the sea level). One-d-old chickens were randomly allocated to 1 of 6 treatments in a 2 × 3 factorial arrangement. The first factor was the oxygen level (low and high), while the second factor was the diet (basal diet, basal diet containing aureomycin, and basal diet plus L. plantarum). Increasing the oxygen level significantly reduced the mortality and improved immune responses. The levels of IgA, IgG, IL-10 and anti-BSA antibodies were significantly higher, while IL-1ß, LITAF were significantly lower in chickens reared in the high-oxygen room. In the low-oxygen room, L. plantarum significantly decreased the mortality of chickens compared with the other 2 groups. Moreover, L. plantarum significantly increased the levels of IgA, anti-BSA antibodies, IL-10 and decreased IL-1ß, LITAF compared with the control group. These results demonstrated that increasing oxygen level or administration of L. plantarum can improve health status of chickens in high altitude regions.

3.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(10): 1914-1924, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668038

RESUMO

Genome-scale metabolic network models have been successfully applied to guide metabolic engineering. However, the conventional flux balance analysis only considers stoichiometry and reaction direction constraints, and the simulation results cannot accurately describe certain phenomena such as overflow metabolism and diauxie growth on two substrates. Recently, researchers proposed new constraint-based methods to simulate the cellular behavior under different conditions more precisely by introducing new constraints such as limited enzyme content and thermodynamics feasibility. Here we review several enzyme-constrained models, giving a comprehensive introduction on the biological basis and mathematical representation for the enzyme constraint, the optimization function, the impact on the calculated flux distribution and their application in identification of metabolic engineering targets. The main problems in these existing methods and the perspectives on this emerging research field are also discussed. By introducing new constraints, metabolic network models can simulate and predict cellular behavior under various environmental and genetic perturbations more accurately, and thus can provide more reliable guidance to strain engineering.

4.
J Nutr Biochem ; 73: 108213, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704346

RESUMO

Anesthetic exposure induces learning and memory impairment and the mechanisms remain unknown. Green tea polyphenols(GTP) have been reported to be neuroprotective. The present study was performed to examine the therapeutic potential of GTP on isoflurane-induced cognitive deficits. Six-week-old male C57BL/6J mice were treated with 1.6% isoflurane for 6 hours. Multiple-dose of GTP at 25 mg/kg for 7 consecutive days and single-dose at 75 mg/kg on the 7th day were respectively administered intraperitoneally to model mice before anesthesia. Fear conditioning test and novel objection recognition were conducted to assess cognition of mice. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) was evaluated using assay kits. Protein expression levels of right hippocampus p-CaMKII, p-CREB and BDNF were examined by Western blot. Our results indicated that 6 h isoflurane anesthesia induced cognitive impairment in early 3 days. Meanwhile, the hippocampus SOD declined in step. The expression levels of p-CaMKII, p-CREB and BDNF were also downregulated. GTP 25mg/kg per day significantly attenuated cognitive dysfunction on Day 3 following isoflurane anesthesia. Moreover, GTP 25mg/kg per day effectively mitigated isodlurane-induced declines of SOD, as well as the p-CaMKII, p-CREB and BDNF levels. However, single-dose at 75 mg/kg of GTP had no significant effects. This study indicated that GTP attenuate isoflurane-induced cognition impairment and this positive effects may be related to its antioxidant properties.

5.
Brain Res ; : 146511, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672472

RESUMO

Isoflurane anesthesia is reported to induce insulin resistance (IR) in the peripheral tissues. However, researches on the impact of isoflurane on insulin-related metabolism in the central nervous system, especially in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), are scarce. This study sought to explore whether isoflurane anesthesia had a negative effect on insulin sensitivity both in peripheral and central tissues. Moreover, the possible role of isoflurane anesthesia in T2DM mice with pre-existing IR was analyzed. T2DM model in C57BL/6J mice was established by high fat diet (HFD) and single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg). Both HFD/STZ-induced T2DM mice and normal mice received 6 h isoflurane exposure. Blood glucose level and serum insulin concentration were detected and the homeostasis model assessment of IR (HOMA-IR) index was calculated to estimate peripheral IR. Relative levels of genes and proteins in the insulin-dependent signaling pathway in mouse prefrontal cortex and hippocampus were determined to measure central IR. Results indicated that 6 h isoflurane exposure induced hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia and raised HOMA-IR index. Meanwhile, phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-1 (pIRS1) (Ser639) and phosphorylated insulin receptor substrate-2 (pIRS2) (Ser731) were upregulated, while phosphorylated protein kinase B (pAKT) (Ser473) and phosphorylated glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (pGSK3ß) (Ser9) were downregulated in the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus of anesthetized mice. Notably, isoflurane anesthesia significantly aggravated the degree of central IR in the aspects of gene transcriptions and protein expressions in HFD/STZ-induced T2DM mice with pre-existing IR. This study suggested that isoflurane anesthesia induced peripheral and central IR and aggravated pre-existing insulin resistance in T2DM mice.

6.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(19): 2292-2299, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The dose and time point for switching from clopidogrel to ticagrelor remain controversial, especially for Chinese acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with complicated coronary artery disease (CAD). Hence, the purpose of this study was to further explore the optimal dose and time point for the switching strategy to balance the increase in platelet inhibition and the decrease in adverse events in Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: From July 2017 to December 2017, the prospective, randomized, open-label study (the SwitcHIng from clopidogrel to ticagrelor study) assigned the eligible Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by PCI (n = 102) for 90 mg of ticagrelor at 12 h (T-90 mg-12 h), 90 mg of ticagrelor at 24 h (T-90 mg-24h) or 180 mg ticagrelor at 24 h (T-180 mg-24 h) after the last dose of clopidogrel. The primary endpoint was the comparison of maximal platelet aggregation (MPA) values at 2 h after switching strategies among the three groups. In addition, the MPA values at baseline, 8 h and before discharge and the rates of high on-treatment platelet reactivity were evaluated, the incidences of bleeding episodes and dyspnea during hospitalization and at 30-day follow-up in our study were also recorded. The MPA was measured by light transmittance aggregometry in our study. A repeated-measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) model and one-way ANOVA were used to compare data for the primary endpoint. RESULTS: The MPA values were significantly decreased in the T-180 mg-24 h group compared with the T-90 mg-12 h group (P = 0.017) and decreased numerically compared with the T-90 mg-24 h group (P = 0.072) at 2 h. In particular, the MPA values were markedly reduced in the T-90 mg-24 h group compared with the T-90 mg-12 h group at 8 h after switching treatment (P = 0.002). There was no significant difference among the three groups in all bleedings and dyspnea events. CONCLUSIONS: The optimal treatment strategy recommended in this study for Chinese ACS patients with complicated CAD managed by PCI is 180 or 90 mg of ticagrelor at 24 h after the last dose of clopidogrel. In addition, a negative interaction was detected in this study between the overlap for clopidogrel and ticagrelor at 12 h after the last dose of clopidogrel. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03577652; http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03577652.

7.
Biomolecules ; 9(10)2019 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590429

RESUMO

Lactobacillus plantarum KFY02 (LP-KFY02) was isolated from naturally fermented yoghurt in Xinjiang. We previously demonstrated that LP-KFY02 has good biological activity in vitro. In this study, LP-KFY02 was used to ferment grape skin, and the LP-KFY02 fermented grape skin extract solution (KFSE) was examined for its antioxidant ability in a human embryonic kidney (293T) cell oxidative damage model caused by H2O2 and its inhibitory effect on human hepatoma (HepG2) cells. The results showed that KFSE reduced the degree of oxidative damage in 293T cells, increased the relevant expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and GSH-peroxidase (GSH-Px), and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), and decreased the expression levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO). The expression of genes and proteins of SOD, CAT, GSH, and GSH-Px was up-regulated. In addition, KFSE-induced growth inhibition appeared to be through induction of cell-cycle arrest. This induction was accompanied by a reduction in the expression of cell-cycle genes, such as cyclin-D1 and CDK4. In addition, KFSE induced gene expression of p21, the apoptosis gene wild-type p53 and the caspase family. At the protein expression level, Bax and Caspase-8 were up-regulated, and the inflammatory marker Nuclear Factor Kappa-B (NF-κB) was down-regulated. The fermentation solution polyphenols were separated and identified as epicatechin gallate, coumarin, new chlorogenic acid, rutin, resveratrol, chlorogenic acid, rosmarinic acid, etc. by HPLC. Overall, these results demonstrate that KFSE significantly attenuated oxidative damage in 293T cells and inhibited tumor growth in HepG2 cancer cells, induces cell-cycle arrest and affects proteins involved in cell-cycle regulation and proliferation. This suggests that KFSE may also be explored as a neo-adjuvant to expansion of hepatoma.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data on management of maternal arrhythmia among Chinese were limited. Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) proved to be a reliable treatment choice for sustained tachyarrhythmia but it has rarely been performed during pregnancy due to radiation exposure. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of idiopathic sustained maternal arrhythmia and the feasibility of RFCA in the pregnant patients without fluoroscopy. METHODS: From January of 2015 to December of 2018, the medical records on pregnancy-related admissions in Beijing Anzhen Hospital (Beijing, China) were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who had sustained tachyarrhythmia episodes without structural heart disease were identified. Catheter ablation was performed in those with drug resistant and severely frequent tachyarrhythmia under the guidance of electroanatomical mapping system and intracardiac echocardiography catheter (ICE), if appropriate. RESULTS: During the study period, 12 584 consecutive pregnant women were admitted for pregnancy-related reasons, 156 (1.2%) of them were identified as sustained maternal tachyarrhythmia. Twenty-eight patients (age 21-37 years) received catheter ablation because the arrhythmias were drug resistant and severely frequent. The RFCA was successfully performed in all patients with zero fluoroscopy after 72.4 ± 24.7 min. Transseptal puncture was performed in 11 patients under the guidance of ICE. In a median of 37 (interquartile range [IQR]: 34-39) weeks' pregnancy, 28 healthy fetuses were delivered. No cardiac-related adverse event occurred during delivery. During later follow-up, all patients were free of arrhythmia, and all the infants were well developed. CONCLUSION: Sustained maternal tachyarrhythmia is not uncommon in the clinical practice. To those with drug resistant and severely frequent arrhythmia, RFCA with zero fluoroscopy could be safely performed with acceptable efficacy.

9.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(5): 749-759, 2019 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646329

RESUMO

With the evolution of medical techniques and technology, an increasing number of infants, neonates, and fetuses are exposed to general anesthesia for clinical diagnostic and therapeutic process. The neurotoxic effects of general anesthetics on developing brain have been a subject of concern and considerable research interest. Population-based study confirmed that single short-term general anesthetic exposure does not affect nervous system function, but multiple exposures to general anesthesia could damage cognitive function. Animal studies further discovered the underlying mechanisms. Nervous system is most susceptible to general anesthetics during the brain growth spurt. The time-point is more critical than the duration of exposure to general anesthetics. General anesthetics can induce intracellular calcium overload, disturb energy metabolism, promote cell apoptosis and lead to cell loss. General anesthetics can damage synaptic structure, transmission and plasticity, and impair brain function. High throughput omics technologies have been used to screen the differentially expressed genes induced by general anesthetics, which provide further understanding of the mechanism of general anesthetics affecting cognitive function. This review provides an update on the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the anesthesia-neurotoxicity, which will be helpful to provide instructions for the clinical use of general anesthesia in children.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Gerais/efeitos adversos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cognição , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/fisiopatologia
10.
Behav Pharmacol ; 30(8): 730-737, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31625977

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation plays an important role in the mechanisms underpinning the development of anesthesia-induced cognitive dysfunction. However, less is known about how anesthesia causes inflammation. One possibility is that the inflammation is related to alteration of the activity of the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway. This study analyzed the effect of sevoflurane administration on the cognitive function by using a novel object recognition test and Y-maze test, and on acetylcholinesterase activity and expression in hippocampal tissue by using an acetylcholinesterase assay kit and quantitative real-time PCR. This study also evaluated the effect of alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonist PNU-282987 and antagonist methyllycaconitine on cognitive function and the level of hippocampal tumor necrosis factor-α in aged rats exposed to sevoflurane anesthesia. We found that 3% sevoflurane significantly impaired cognitive function and increased acetylcholinesterase activity by upregulating its expression in hippocampal tissue. Sevoflurane-induced impairment of cognitive function was significantly rescued by PNU-282987 but aggravated by methyllycaconitine. In addition to impairment of cognitive function, sevoflurane also significantly increased tumor necrosis factor-α level in plasma and hippocampal tissue. Similarly, this sevoflurane-induced change of tumor necrosis factor-α level in rats was antagonized by PNU-282987 but amplified by methyllycaconitine. In conclusion, our data show that the development of inflammation in sevoflurane-induced cognitive decline is associated with the downregulation of alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway in aged rats.

11.
Biochim Biophys Acta Rev Cancer ; 1873(1): 188313, 2019 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647986

RESUMO

The nervous system has been recently shown to exert impact on gastric cancer directly and indirectly. Gastric cancer cells invade nerve fibers to induce outgrowth and branching of neural cells, and nerve fibers in turn infiltrate into tumor microenvironment to promote progression of gastric cancer. Additionally, the neuro-immune interaction also plays an important role in gastric cancer development. The interplay of nerves and gastric cancer is mediated by many nervous system-associated factors, which can not only be synthesized and released by both cancer cells and nerve terminals, but also participate in regulation of many aspects of gastric cancer such as cell proliferation, angiogenesis, metastasis and recurrence. Furthermore, clinical researches indicate that some of these factors are significant diagnosis and prognosis biomarkers for gastric cancer. Herein, we reviewed recent advances and future prospects of the interaction between nervous system and gastric cancer.

12.
Brain Stimul ; 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been explored in epilepsy with limited samples, varied parameters, and inconclusive results. We aimed to study the efficacy of tDCS for patients with refractory focal epilepsy. METHOD: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, and three-arm (Group 1 (sham), Group 2 (20-min), and Group 3 (2 × 20-min)) tDCS parallel multicenter study. The primary outcome measurement was seizure frequencies (SFs). The study consisted of 28-days baseline, 14-days treatment, and 56-days follow-up. The cathode was placed over the epileptogenic focus, and the current intensity was 2 mA. The generalized estimating equations model, one-way analysis of variance, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for analysis. RESULTS: Of the 82 enrolled patients, 70 patients were included for final analysis (Group 1, n = 21; Group 2, n = 24; and Group 3, n = 25). There was a significant reduction in SFs for both active tDCS groups compared with the sham group. Patients in Group 2 showed a significantly 50.73-21.91% greater reduction in SFs that lasted for 4 weeks (p = 0.008-0.060). Patients in Group 3 showed a significantly 63.19-49.79% greater reduction in SFs compared with the sham group that lasted for 5 weeks (p = 0.011-0.045). Patients in Group 3 had a 64.98-66.32% greater reduction in SFs at W9-W10, when compared with Group 2 (p = 0.021-0.022). CONCLUSION: Fourteen consecutive days tDCS significantly decreased SFs in patients with refractory focal epilepsy, with 2 × 20-min daily stimulation protocol being superior to 20-min daily stimulation protocol.

13.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609768

RESUMO

Leucine aminopeptidase 3 is involved in the progression and metastasis of several cancers. This study aimed to screen anti-tumor lead compounds targeting leucine aminopeptidase 3. The compounds' suppression effect on enzyme activity and anti-tumor activity were evaluated through a series of assays. Leucine aminopeptidase 3 overexpression K562 cells were used as an enzyme source to screen 43 natural marine compounds. Compounds 5 and 6 exhibited high suppression effect on leucine aminopeptidase 3 activity. Cell activity tests indicated that both compounds have an anti-proliferative effect on triple-negative breast cancer cells. Wound healing assay and transwell invasion assay showed that both compounds could inhibit the migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. Immunoblot analysis exhibited that both compounds could downregulate the expression of metastasis-related proteins fascin and matrix metalloproteinase-2/9. A molecular dynamic simulation process was applied to discover the key features of compounds 5 and 6 in binding to leucine aminopeptidase 3 active site. This study described the anti-tumor effects of two leucine aminopeptidase 3 small molecule inhibitors. Taken together, compounds 5 and 6 could be used as anti-tumor lead compounds targeting leucine aminopeptidase 3.

14.
Plant Physiol ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611422

RESUMO

Heat stress transcription factors (HSFs) are central regulators of plant responses to heat stress. Their heat-induced transcriptional regulation has been extensively studied; however, their post-transcriptional and post-translational regulation is poorly understood. In a previous study, we established that there were at least two HSFA3 homologs, LlHSFA3A and LlHSFA3B, in lily (Lilium spp.) and that these genes played distinct roles in thermotolerance. Here, we demonstrate that LlHSFA3B is alternatively spliced under heat stress to produce the heat-inducible splice variant LlHSFA3B-III. We further show that LlHSFA3B-III protein localizes in the cytoplasm and nucleus, has no transcriptional activity, and specifically disturbs the protein interactions of intact HSFA3 orthologs LlHSFA3A-I and LlHSFA3B-I. Heterologous expression of LlHSFA3B-III in Arabidopsis thaliana and Nicotiana benthamiana increased plant tolerance of salt and prolonged heat at 40{degree sign}C, yet reduced plant tolerance of acute heat shock at 45{degree sign}C. Conversely, heterologous expression of LlHSFA3A-I caused opposing phenotypes, which were substantially ameliorated by co-expression of LlHSFA3B-III. LlHSFA3B-III interacted with LlHSFA3A-I to limit its transactivation function and temper the function of LlHSFA3A-I, thus reducing the adverse effects of excessive LlHSFA3A-I accumulation. Based on these observations, we propose a regulatory mechanism of HSFs involving heat-inducible alternative splicing and protein interaction, which might be used in strategies to promote thermotolerance and attenuate the heat stress response in crop plants.

15.
J Med Food ; 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621475

RESUMO

This study determined the ameliorative effects of the novel microorganism, Lactobacillus plantarum CQPC02 (LP-CQPC02), fermented in soybean milk, on loperamide-induced constipation in Kunming mice. High-performance liquid chromatography revealed that LP-CQPC02-fermented soybean milk (LP-CQPC02-FSM) had six types of soybean isoflavones, whereas Lactobacillus bulgaricus-fermented soybean milk (LB-FSM) and unfermented soybean milk (U-FSM) only had five types of soybean isoflavones. LP-CQPC02-FSM also contained more total and active soybean isoflavones than LB-FSM and U-FSM. Results from mouse experiments showed that the defecation factors (quantity, fecal weight and water content, gastrointestinal transit ability, and time to first black stool) in the LP-CQPC02-FSM-treated mice were better than those in the LB-FSM- and U-FSM-treated mice. The serum and small intestinal tissue experiments showed that soybean milk increased the motilin, gastrin, endothelin, acetylcholinesterase, substance P, vasoactive intestinal peptide, and glutathione levels and decreased the somatostatin, myeloperoxidase, nitric oxide, and malondialdehyde levels compared with the constipated mice in the control group. The LP-CQPC02-FSM also showed better effects than those of LB-FSM and U-FSM. Further results showed that LP-CQPC02-FSM upregulated cuprozinc-superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD), manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD), catalase (CAT), c-Kit, stem cell factor (SCF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and aquaporin-9 (AQP9) and downregulated the expression levels of transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 (TRPV1), inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), and aquaporin-3 (AQP3) in the constipated mice. LP-CQPC02-FSM increased the Bacteroides and Akkermansia abundances and decreased the Firmicutes abundance in the feces of the constipated mice and decreased the Firmicutes/Bacteroides ratio. This study confirmed that LP-CQPC02-FSM partially reversed constipation in mice.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of wire-guided pericardial access without contrast. METHODS: From January of 2014 to February of 2019, patients who received epicardial mapping and ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were entered into the current study. They were divided into contrast-guided access group or wire-guided access group according to the pericardial puncture technique used. The baseline variables, procedure parameters, complications were collected and compared. RESULTS: During the study period, a consecutive of 73 patients received epicardial access. The initial 32 patients received contrast-guided puncture with success achieved in 30 patients; the remaining 41 patients underwent wire-guided puncture with success achieved in 40 patients (30/32&40/41, P=0.581). Fluoroscopy time (4.45±0.52&4.38±0.46min, P=0.891) and access time (5.14±0.58 &5.34±0.50min, P=0.657) were comparable between the two groups. Inadvertent RV puncture occurred more commonly in contrast-guided group (5/32 &1/41, P=0.038). Though more pericardial effusions (2/32&1/41, P=0.575), tamponade (2/32&1/41, P=0.575), and surgical repair (1/32&0/41, P=0.432) occurred in the contrast-guided group, reached no statistical difference. CONCLUSIONS: Wire-guided pericardial puncture exhibits better safety and similar success rates to contrast-guided technique with a trend towards less complications. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17213, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567976

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence suggests that radiologically determined sarcopenia prior to treatment can serve as a prognostic marker in various tumors. However, there are conflicting conclusions about the prognostic role of sarcopenia in urological tumors. We performed a meta-analysis to assess the association between radiologically determined sarcopenia before treatment and survival outcomes in urological tumors. METHODS: A systematically literature search in PubMed, Cochrane databases, and EMBASE was performed. We estimated hazard ratios (HRs) for overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS). Hazard ratios (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using STATA 12.0 software. RESULTS: A total of 16 studies enrolling 2264 patients with urologic tumors were included in our meta-analysis. Among these studies, 13 studies with 1941 patients explored the association between sarcopenia and OS, and 10 studies with 1790 patients investigated the relationship between sarcopenia and OS. The synthesized result suggested that sarcopenia was significantly associated with poor OS (Fixed-effect model, HR 1.73, 95% CI: 1.48-2.01, P <.05; heterogeneity: P = .064; I = 40.5%), and poor CSS (Fixed-effect model, HR: 1.85, 95% CI: 1.51-2.28, P <.05, heterogeneity: P = .053; I = 46.2%). CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis showed that sarcopenia was associated with poor OS and CSS, suggesting that sarcopenia may serve as a promising prognostic marker in urologic cancer patients. Considering several limitations in our study, in the future more high-quality studies on this topic should be conducted to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Urológicas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Radiografia , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Urológicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Urológicas/mortalidade
18.
J Anim Sci ; 97(10): 4066-4075, 2019 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581300

RESUMO

Lactation persistency (LP), defined as the ability of a cow to maintain milk production at a high level after milk peak, is an important phenotype for the dairy industry. In this study, we used a targeted genotyping approach to scan for potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within 57 potential candidate genes derived from our previous genome wide association study on LP and from the literature. A total of 175,490 SNPs were annotated within 10-kb flanking regions of the selected candidate genes. After applying several filtering steps, a total of 105 SNPs were retained for genotyping using target genotyping arrays. SNP association analyses were performed in 1,231 Holstein cows with 69 polymorphic SNPs using the univariate liner mixed model with polygenic effects using DMU package. Six SNPs including rs43770847, rs208794152, and rs208332214 in ADRM1; rs209443540 in C5orf34; rs378943586 in DDX11; and rs385640152 in GHR were suggestively significantly associated with LP based on additive effects and associations with 4 of them (rs43770847, rs208794152, rs208332214, and rs209443540) were based on dominance effects at P < 0.05. However, none of the associations remained significant at false discovery rate adjusted P (FDR) < 0.05. The additive variances explained by each suggestively significantly associated SNP ranged from 0.15% (rs43770847 in ADRM1) to 5.69% (rs209443540 in C5orf34), suggesting that these SNPs might be used in genetic selection for enhanced LP. The percentage of phenotypic variance explained by dominance effect ranged from 0.24% to 1.35% which suggests that genetic selection for enhanced LP might be more efficient by inclusion of dominance effects. Overall, this study identified several potentially functional variants that might be useful for selection programs for higher LP. Finally, a combination of identification of potentially functional variants followed by targeted genotyping and association analysis is a cost-effective approach for increasing the power of genetic association studies.

19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 4609, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31601815

RESUMO

Constructing two-dimensional (2D) polymers with complex tessellation patterns via synthetic chemistry makes a significant contribution not only to the understanding of the emergence of complex hierarchical systems in living organisms, but also to the fabrication of advanced hierarchical materials. However, to achieve such tasks is a great challenge. In this communication we report a facile and general approach to tessellate 2D covalent organic frameworks (COFs) by three or four geometric shapes/sizes, which affords 2D COFs bearing three or four different kinds of pores and increases structural complexity in tessellations of 2D polymers to a much higher level. The complex tessellation patterns of the COFs are elucidated by powder X-ray diffraction studies, theoretical simulations and high-resolution TEM.

20.
Future Oncol ; 15(32): 3723-3738, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650850

RESUMO

Aim: Apocynum venetum polyphenol (AVP) was used in in vitro glioma cells culture to prove the growth inhibitory effect of AVP on human U87 glioma cells via NF-κB pathway. Materials & methods: The MTT assay, DAPI morphology, quantitative PCR and western blot experiments were used for determination in vitro. Results & conclusion: AVP can also induce U87 cancer cells apoptosis illustrated by DAPI morphology. AVP could enhance the mRNA and protein expression of IκB-α, TNF-α, TRAIL, caspase-3 and caspase-9 in U87 cancer cells and reduce those of NF-κBp65, cIAP-1, cIAP-2, TGF-ß2, CyclinD1, VEGF and IL-8. After ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC) treatment, the NF-κBp65 expression was reduced in U87 cells, and AVP could raise these effects. The results of HPLC indicate that AVP mainly contains six constituents. The growth inhibitory effects of AVP on U87 glioma cells are predominantly from these natural active constituents.

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