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1.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 218, 2020 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32398007

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal glucose metabolism has been suggested to be involved in the development of hypertension. This study investigated the effect of the association and potential interaction of glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and other factors on the risk of hypertension among Chinese nondiabetic adults. METHODS: As a cross-sectional survey, the current work deployed a questionnaire survey, anthropometric tests, and biochemical measures for each of the eligible participants. The HbA1c levels were quantified and grouped by quartiles. Correlations between HbA1c and hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension (ISH), and isolated diastolic hypertension (IDH) risk were investigated by logistic analyses. For evaluating the interactive effects, the parameters of relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI), attributable proportion due to interaction (AP), and synergy index (SI) were calculated, respectively. RESULTS: In the current study, 1462 nondiabetic subjects were enrolled. In total, the prevalence rates of hypertension, ISH and IDH were 22.4, 9.6 and 4.5%, respectively. When HbA1c levels were grouped by quartile, it was revealed that the prevalence rates of hypertension and ISH were substantially elevated across groups (Pfor trend < 0.001). In the multivariable logistic regression analyses, in comparison with the first quartile of HbA1c, the normalized OR for hypertension risk was 1.90 (95% CI: 1.28-2.80) for the highest quartile. Also, the risk of ISH was significantly increased with HbA1c level in the highest quartile relative to in the bottom quartile (OR: 2.23,95% CI:1.47-3.71). However, no significant relationship between the HbA1c level and IDH risk was observed (OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 0.82-3.84). Eventually, it was demonstrated from the interactive effect analysis that HbA1c significantly interacted with abdominal obesity (RERI: 1.48, 95% CI: 0.38-2.58; AP: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.14-0.60 and SI: 1.96, 95% CI: 1.06-3.62) and family history of hypertension (AP: 0.37, 95% CI: 0.05-0.70) in influencing the risk of hypertension in nondiabetic participants. CONCLUSION: Higher HbA1c levels significantly enhanced the risk of hypertension and ISH, but not IDH among Chinese nondiabetic adults. Moreover, the risk of hypertension was also aggravated by the upregulated HbA1c in a synergistic manner alongside abdominal obesity and family history of hypertension.

2.
Mol Cell Probes ; : 101597, 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32407879

RESUMO

Chemoresistance to cisplatin (DDP) has become a dominating obstacle to the successful treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). Recently, accumulating data support the tenet that microRNAs (miRNAs) function as new crucial regulators of diverse biological processes, including chemoresistance. In this study, the miRNA expression profiles in NPC were first analyzed using miRNA microarray dataset. miR-1278 was identified as the most decreased miRNA in NPC tissues. We then validated that miR-1278 was significantly down-regulated in NPC tissues and cell lines. Moreover, decreased miR-1278 was strongly associated with worse overall survival and poor chemotherapy response. Gain-of-function experiments showed that overexpression of miR-1278 dramatically sensitized NPC cells to DDP and reduced autophagy. Mechanistically, ATG2B was identified as a target gene of miR-1278. More importantly, ATG2B overexpression reversed miR-1278-induced suppression of autophagy and DDP resistance. Taken together, our results suggested that miR-1278 inhibited the DDP resistance of NPC cells and autophagy through targeting ATG2B. miR-1278 might function as a novel therapeutic target in NPC treatment.

3.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(7): 6225-6239, 2020 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32265343

RESUMO

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by T cell infiltration and demyelination of the central nervous system (CNS). Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is a classical preclinical animal model of MS. In this study, we found that rotating magnetic field (RMF) treatment exerts potential preventive effects on the discovery of EAE, including reducing the severity of the disease and delaying the onset of the disease. The results indicated that RMF (0.2 T, 4 Hz) treatment increases the accumulation of CD4+ cells in the spleen and lymph nodes by downregulating the expression of CCL-2, CCL-3 and CCL-5, but has no significant effect on myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) specific T cell responses. Simultaneously, RMF treatment adjusted the imbalance between regulatory T (Treg) cell and T helper 1 (Th1) cells or T helper 17 (Th17) cells by increasing the proportion of Treg cells and inhibiting the ratio of Th1 and Th17 cell subsets. These findings suggest that exposure to RMF may improve EAE disease by promoting CD4+ cell accumulation into peripheral lymphoid tissue, improving the imbalance between Treg and Th1/Th17 cells. Therefore, as a mild physical therapy approach, RMF, is likely to be a potential way to alter the development of EAE.

4.
J Dairy Sci ; 103(5): 4691-4701, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173015

RESUMO

The Orai calcium release-activated calcium modulator 1 (ORAI1) is a key component of the store-operated Ca2+ entry mechanism regulating cellular Ca2+ balance in nonruminants. Alterations in ORAI1 abundance have been associated with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and changes in lipid metabolism in hepatocytes, an important lipogenic organ in nonruminants. Objectives were to (1) determine abundance of ORAI1 and components of the ER stress response in mammary tissue of ketotic cows, and (2) the potential role of ORAI1 on mammary cell responses to high levels of ß-hydroxybutyrate (BHB). Healthy (n = 6, plasma BHB < 0.60 mmol/L) and clinically ketotic (n = 6, plasma BHB > 2.0 mmol/L) Holstein cows (days in milk = 10.13 ± 1.90) were used for mammary gland tissue and blood sample collection. Although milk production (22.5 ± 1.26, 33 ± 1.59, kg of milk/cow per day) and dry matter intake (19.5 ± 1.05, 21.9 ± 0.95, kg/d) were lower in ketotic cows, abundance of ORAI1 protein was greater and was associated with greater mRNA abundance of ER stress proteins (PERK, IRE1, ATF6, and GRP78) and lipogenic genes (FASN, SREBP1, and ACACA). Cellular mechanisms to establish links between BHB and mammary cell responses were evaluated using the immortalized cell line bovine mammary epithelial cells (MAC-T). First, a dose response study was performed with 0, 0.6, 1.2, 1.8, 2.4, or 4.8 mM BHB for 24 h. The mRNA abundance of FASN, SREBP1, and ACACA and lipid droplet formation peaked at 1.2 mM BHB. A subsequent study involved transfecting MAC-T with small interfering Orai 1 (siORAI1) or the ORAI1 inhibitor BTP2 for 24 h followed by a challenge with 1.2 mM BHB for 24 h. Transcription and protein abundance of FASN, SREBP1, ACACA, and ER stress proteins returned to basal levels when ORAI1 was silenced or inhibited. Furthermore, the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin (raises the intracellular level of Ca2+) also increased abundance of ORAI1, FASN, SREBP1, ACACA, and ER stress proteins. Data suggest that the mammary gland experiences ER stress during ketosis, partly due to the greater supply of BHB originating from ketogenesis in the liver. Intracellular Ca2+ signaling and ORAI1 seem to mediate in part the BHB-induced ER stress in mammary cells.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(13): e19563, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32221074

RESUMO

Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a life-threatening disease, and its mortality rate is 10% to 20%. However, there are currently only a few markers to predict the prognosis in patients with TTP. We aimed to identify several clinical indices and laboratory parameters for predicting the prognosis of TTP at admission.A single-centre observational cohort study that included patients with TTP from the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University in China was conducted from January 1, 2012 to November 30, 2018. The primary outcome was prognosis, including in-hospital mortality, major thromboembolic events, or failure to achieve remission at discharge. We used the random forest method to identify the best set of predictors.Eighty-seven patients with TTP were identified, of whom 12 died during the treatment. The total number of patients within-hospital mortality, major thromboembolic events, and failure to achieve remission at discharge was 58. The machine learning method showed that the D-dimer level was the strongest predictor of the primary outcome. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis demonstrated that the sensitivity and specificity of the D-dimer level alone for identifying high-risk patients were 78% and 81%, respectively, with an optimum diagnostic cut-off value of 770 ng/mL. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.80, and the 95% confidence interval (CI) was 0.70 to 0.90.This study found that the D-dimer level exhibited a good predictive ability for prognosis in patients with TTP. These findings may aid in the development of new and intensive treatment strategies to achieve remission among high-risk patients. However, external validation is necessary to confirm the generalizability of our approach across populations and treatment practices.


Assuntos
Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica/sangue , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica/complicações , Tromboembolia/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores , China , Comorbidade , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica/diagnóstico , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Trombótica/mortalidade , Curva ROC , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
6.
J Hazard Mater ; 393: 122438, 2020 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151935

RESUMO

Nitrated nonylphenols (2-nitro-nonylphenols, NNPs) are metabolites of the endocrine-disrupter nonylphenols (NPs). While they have been detected in the environment, their fate in activated sludge has yet to be determined. In this study, we used synthesized NNP isomers and a 14C-tracer technique to study the degradation and transformation of four NNP isomers (NNP111, NNP112, NNP38, and NNP65) in nitrifying activated sludge (NAS) and heterotrophic bacteria-enhanced activated sludge (HAS). Our results showed that the degradation of NNPs in both NAS and HAS was isomer-specific. The half-lives of the NNPs decreased in the order: NNP111 > NNP112 > NNP38 > NNP65. After 36 days of incubation, 9.48 % and 4.01 % of the 14C-NNP111 was mineralized in NAS and HAS, respectively. In addition to mineralization, five metabolites of NNPs containing hydroxyl, carbonyl, and carboxyl substituents on the alkyl chains were formed in NAS but not in HAS. The transformation of NNPs differed in NAS and HAS, mainly due to the differences in their microbial communities and the activities thereof in NAS and HAS. This is the first study of the isomer-specific fate of NNP isomers in activated sludge. Future studies should assess the toxicity, stability and potential risks of NNP metabolites in the environment.

7.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 101: 78-87, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209399

RESUMO

Tachaea chinensis is a parasitic isopod that negatively affects the production of several commercially important shrimp species in China. To date, there have been no reports on the antioxidant and immune responses of host shrimps to isopod parasite infection or their underlying molecular mechanisms. In this study, we examined the specific activities of the immune and antioxidant enzymes of the shrimp Macrobrachium nipponense during the course of a 15-day isopod infection and evaluated expression of related genes. Acid phosphatase (ACP) and alkaline phosphatase (AKP) activities and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels showed significant peaks over 15 days of exposure in both the hepatopancreas and muscle (P < 0.05), whereas catalase (CAT) activity increased continuously during infection (P < 0.05), and lysozyme (LZM) activity increased only in the hepatopancreas (P < 0.05). After 6 days of exposure, expressions of glutathione S-transferase (GST), ACP, and AKP were significantly higher than at 12 days. Compared with the control group, at 12 days, S-(hydroxymethyl) glutathione dehydrogenase activity and glutathione metabolism pathways were significantly inhibited (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the NOD-like receptor signaling pathway and antigen processing and presentation pathways were also significantly inhibited at 12 days compared with that at 6 days (P < 0.05), indicating that T. chinensis parasitism could perturb the antioxidant and immune systems of shrimp hosts during the latter stages of infection. Additionally, the molting and mortality rates of M. nipponense increased the duration of parasitism. These findings indicate that M. nipponense can activate antioxidant and immune defense systems during the early period during isopod parasitism, whereas the parasite can negatively affect these host defense systems during the latter period. Our findings accordingly provide valuable insights into the antioxidant defense systems and immune function characterizing parasite-host interactions.

8.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 98: 515-521, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32001357

RESUMO

Chinese mitten crab Eriocheir sinensis is probably the most important freshwater cultured crab in China. A tiny minority of brownish-orange individuals have been discovered in the long period of artificial breeding history of E. sinensiss. Those mutants are usually accompanied with slow growth rate, low molting frequency and poor survival rate, which may be the results of growth defects and immunodeficiency. To better understand the relationship between body color determination and the immune system as well as the related genes expression in E. sinensiss, we performed the whole-body transcriptome analysis in different color of first stage zoea (ZI) larvae using next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology. We randomly assembled 175.40 and 177.52million clean reads from the wild and mutant ZIs, respectively. Finally, we identified 7153 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) (p < 0.05), with 5194 up-regulated and 1959 down-regulated. A total of 13 KEGG pathways related to immune system were detected among 248 pathways. Except the first whole-body RNA sequencing of color-specific transcriptomes for E. sinensis, this study will offer a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms of interaction between color determination and the immune system.

9.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(6): 3469-3480, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052937

RESUMO

Primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) is the second leading cause of irreversible blindness worldwide. Increased endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been observed in aqueous humour (AH) of POAG patients, resulting in an increase in the out-flow resistance of the AH. However, the underlining mechanisms remain elusive. Using established in vivo and in vitro POAG models, we demonstrated that water channel Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) is down-regulated in trabecular meshwork (TM) cells upon ET-1 exposure, which causes a series of glaucomatous changes, including actin fibre reorganization, collagen production, extracellular matrix deposition and contractility alteration of TM cells. Ectopic expression of AQP1 can reverse ET-1-induced TM tissue remodelling, which requires the presence of ß-catenin. More importantly, we found that ET-1-induced AQP1 suppression is mediated by ATF4, a transcription factor of the unfolded protein response, which binds to the promoter of AQP1 and negatively regulates AQP1 transcription. Thus, we discovered a novel function of ATF4 in controlling the process of TM remodelling in ET-1-induced POAG through transcription suppression of AQP1. Our findings also detail a novel pathological mechanism and a potential therapeutic target for POAG.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32028767

RESUMO

Magnesium ion batteries (MIBs) have attracted increasing attention due to their advantages of abundant reserves, low price, and high volumetric capacity. However, the large Coulombic interactions of Mg2+ with the cathode framework seriously hinder the rate capability and cycle stability of the battery cell. For this reason, finding a suitable cathode material has become a main task in MIB research. In this study, Ni3Se4 was first proposed as a new cathode material for MIBs. First-principles calculations showed that Ni3Se4 could accommodate up to 1 mol of Mg2+, but the migration energy barrier was as high as 1.35 eV. Accordingly, nanosized Ni3Se4 was prepared by a hydrothermal method to achieve satisfying electrochemical performance. The prepared Ni3Se4 material showed a discharge capacity of 99.8 mA·h·g-1 at 50 mA·g-1 current density with a capacity retention of 75% after 100 cycles. Combined with first-principles calculations and spectroscopic studies, it was demonstrated that the material underwent a solid-solution structural change during Mg2+ insertion, with all charge transfer taking place on the Ni cations.

11.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3031, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080206

RESUMO

Off-equatorial wind anomalies on seasonal timescales from both the North and South Pacific, known as "precursors" of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), have been shown to independently trigger the ENSO feedbacks in the tropics and its teleconnections to the extra-tropics. However, the impacts of ENSO precursors on Tropical Pacific Decadal-scale Variability (TPDV) is still not well understood and quantified. We show that the dynamic sequence from extra-tropical ENSO precursors to ENSO (tropics) to extra-tropical ENSO teleconnections is not only important for ENSO, but acts as a primary mechanism to filter (e.g. reddening) the low-frequency variability of the seasonal precursors into the decadal-scale variance of the Pacific basin, accounting for the largest fraction of the TPDV (~65%) and its phase. This process, which contrasts previous theories advocating for a TPDV generated internally in the tropics (e.g. ENSO residuals), is inherently unpredictable and not well reproduced in climate models and raises challenges for understanding and predicting the role of internal TPDV in future climate change scenarios.

12.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228533, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32053609

RESUMO

This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the associations of allergic rhinitis with sleep duration and sleep impairment. Observational studies published before August 2019 were obtained through English language literature searches in the PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL databases. Mean differences and odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were extracted and used for meta-analysis. Heterogeneity was confirmed by the I2-heterogeneity test. Subgroup analysis was conducted to evaluate the influence of study design. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach was used to determine the level of evidence. In total, 2544 records were identified through database searches; 914 duplicate records were excluded, 1452 records were removed after screening of titles and abstracts, 151 records were excluded after full-text screening, and 27 articles were included in the final meta-analyses. A total of 240,706,026 patients (19,444,043 with allergic rhinitis) were considered. No significant difference in sleep duration between the allergic rhinitis and the control groups was found. Patients with allergic rhinitis presented with significantly higher sleep quality scores, sleep disturbances scores, and sleep latency scores; more frequent use of sleep medications; and lower sleep efficiency as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and polysomnography. Meta-analyses for adjusted odds ratios showed that allergic rhinitis was also associated with higher risks of nocturnal dysfunctions, including insomnia, nocturnal enuresis, restless sleep, sleep-disordered breathing, obstructive sleep apnea, and snoring. Meta-analysis for adjusted odds ratio also showed that allergic rhinitis was associated with daytime dysfunction, including difficulty waking up, daytime sleepiness, morning headache, and the use of sleep medications. The overall quality of evidence ranged from low to very low, indicating that caution is required when interpreting these results. This study demonstrates that there is a significant association of AR with sleep characteristics.


Assuntos
Rinite Alérgica/epidemiologia , Rinite Alérgica/fisiopatologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Polissonografia , Qualidade de Vida , Rinite Alérgica/complicações , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/diagnóstico , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/epidemiologia , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/etiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/etiologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Ronco/diagnóstico , Ronco/epidemiologia , Ronco/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Science ; 367(6475): 272-277, 2020 01 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31949075

RESUMO

One great challenge in understanding the history of life is resolving the influence of environmental change on biodiversity. Simulated annealing and genetic algorithms were used to synthesize data from 11,000 marine fossil species, collected from more than 3000 stratigraphic sections, to generate a new Cambrian to Triassic biodiversity curve with an imputed temporal resolution of 26 ± 14.9 thousand years. This increased resolution clarifies the timing of known diversification and extinction events. Comparative analysis suggests that partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pco2) is the only environmental factor that seems to display a secular pattern similar to that of biodiversity, but this similarity was not confirmed when autocorrelation within that time series was analyzed by detrending. These results demonstrate that fossil data can provide the temporal and taxonomic resolutions necessary to test (paleo)biological hypotheses at a level of detail approaching those of long-term ecological analyses.

14.
Curr Eye Res ; 45(2): 124-133, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429304

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate whether glucocorticoids affect the prognosis of fungal keratitis by inhibiting the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs).Methods: A mouse model of Candida albicans (C.albicans) keratitis was established. Animals were randomly assigned to treatment with 0.1% dexamethasone (DXM) eye drops and normal saline (3 times each day for 3 days). The effects of DXM on fungal keratitis were assessed using clinical scores, immunofluorescence staining, histopathological examination, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and pathogen burden assay. All the analyses were performed using SPSS software version 17.0 (Chicago, IL).Results: NETs formation was noteworthy in the cornea lesions of fungal keratitis. The clinical score of the DXM-treated group was significantly higher than that of the control group (P < .05). During the measured period, corneas from DXM-treated group contained more C.albicans than those from the control group by histology and pathogen burden assay. Compared with the control group, the DXM treatment group had a higher depth of infiltration of C.albicans. Histological and immunofluorescence staining showed that there were fewer neutrophils in the cornea focus of DXM-treated group (P < .05), and the number of NETs formed in scrapings from control group was higher than that in the DXM treatment group on day 3 (P < .05, Z = -3.56)) and day 5 (P < .05, Z = -3.69). In a similar amount of cell scraping, the NETs of neutrophils formation from the DXM-treated group were also less than that from the control group.Conclusion: Our results indicated that NETs were involved in the immune response in C.albicans keratitis. Glucocorticoids may exacerbate fungal keratitis not only by increasing fungal aggressivity and reducing the infiltration of neutrophils but also by inhibiting the formation of NETs.

15.
Exp Neurol ; 325: 113133, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770520

RESUMO

Therapeutic hypothermia is a potential protective strategy after stroke. The present study evaluated the neurovascular protective potential of pharmacological hypothermia induced by the neurotensin receptor 1 agonist HPI-201 after severe ischemic stroke. Adult C57BL/6 mice were subjected to filament insertion-induced occlusion of the middle cerebral artery (60 min MCAO). HPI-201 was i.p. injected 120 min after the onset of MCAO to initiate and maintain the body temperature at 32-33°C for 6 hrs. The infarct volume, cell death, integrity of the blood brain barrier (BBB) and neurovascular unit (NVU), inflammation, and functional outcomes were evaluated. The hypothermic treatment significantly suppressed the infarct volume and neuronal cell death, accompanied with reduced caspase-3 activation and BAX expression while Bcl-2 increased in the peri-infarct region. The cellular integrity of the BBB and NVU was significantly improved and brain edema was attenuated in HPI-201-treated mice compared to stroke controls. The hypothermic treatment decreased the expression of inflammatory factors including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), MMP-9, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), the M1 microglia markers IL-12 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), while increased the M2 marker arginase-1 (Arg-1). Stroke mice received the hypothermic treatment showed lower neurological severity score (NSS), performed significantly better in functional tests, the mortality rate in the hypothermic group was noticeably lower compared with stroke controls. Taken together, HPI-201 induced pharmacological hypothermia is protective for different neurovascular cells after a severely injured brain, mediated by multiple mechanisms.

16.
Fish Physiol Biochem ; 46(1): 177-186, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31709461

RESUMO

The full-length cDNA coding IGF-I was cloned from the liver of Yellow catfish Pelteobagrus fulvidraco. The tissue distributions of IGF-I in adults were then analyzed by using real-time PCR. The effects of starvation (3 weeks) and subsequent refeeding (3 weeks) on the compensatory growth performance in juvenile fish weighing 3.80 ± 0.78 g and hepatic IGF-I mRNA expressions were also investigated. The cDNA obtained covered 884 bp with an open reading frame of 480 bp encoding 159 amino acids. It is composed of a signal peptide with 41 amino acids (AAs), a mature peptide comprising the B, C, A, and D domains (71 AAs) and E domain of 47 AAs. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed a high degree of conservation (71-87%) among the species of Siluriformes and some closely related species. In adults, the highest IGF-I expression was observed in the liver, followed by the brain, whereas relatively low expressions were detected in muscle and stomach. Both body weight and length increased significantly in fish fed to satiation continuously. Body weight, body length, condition factor, and hepatic IGF-I expressions were all decreased remarkably with increasing starvation times, but increased significantly after refeeding. The results showed that the expression of IGF-I was positively correlated with feed intakes and IGF-I may play a key regulatory role for somatic growth induced by compensatory growth in Yellow catfish.

17.
Carbohydr Polym ; 229: 115449, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826526

RESUMO

In this study, the effect and mechanism of myofibrillar protein (MP) gelation influenced by the hydration characteristic of three polysaccharides were studied through puncture test, paraffin section, SEM and Raman spectroscopy. The gel strength and water holding capability reflect that MP gelation only significantly improves until modified starch (MS) addition beyond 1.0%. The MS granule improves MP gel property through simply physical swelling effect. At gelatinization temperature, MS absorbs the moisture nearby to compress the MP three-dimensional networks, but the swelling effect is limited. The insoluble dietary fiber (IDF) improves MP gelation property through moisture stability. The IDF addition could lessen the appearance of moisture channel in MP gel networks and promote the interaction of hydrophobic groups. The MP gelation with 2.0% IDF addition has the highest gel strength (279 g) and water holding capability (91.87%). The konjac glucomannan (KG) (>1.0%) could degrade gel property of MP gelation through interpenetrate structure, because the KG hydrogel hinders the aggregation of the MP gel networks. In conclusion, the IDF, which has strong water-holding capability at room temperature and distribute individually, is the best polysaccharides-based fat replacement in low-fat restructured products.


Assuntos
Fibras na Dieta , Hidrogéis/química , Mananas/química , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Miofibrilas/química , Amido/química , Animais , Substitutos da Gordura/química , Manihot/química , Proteínas Musculares/química , Conformação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Secundária de Proteína/efeitos dos fármacos , Saccharum/química , Suínos
18.
Eye Contact Lens ; 46(3): 136-140, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31842031

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate changes in axial length in children undergoing orthokeratology (OK) and evaluate short-term axial change in predicting post-OK myopia progression. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the subjects included 70 myopic children aged 8 to 15 years wearing OK contact lenses for more than 3 years. Axial length changes at 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 years relative to the baseline were measured. Patients were evaluated for age, spherical equivalent refraction (SER), pupil size, and half-year axial change using repeated analysis of variance and multivariate linear regression analysis to predict half to 3 year-axial elongation (AE, seventh-36th month post-OK). RESULTS: The axial length grew significantly during the 3 years; the mean annual axial growth was 0.20±0.12 mm. The half-year axial change was 0.04±0.12 mm. The univariate linear analyses showed that half to 3-year AE was correlated with baseline age (r=-0.393, P<0.001) and half-year axial change (r=0.379, P=0.001), but not pupil diameter (P=0.692) or SER (P=0.673). In a multiple linear regression model, the half to 3-year AE was related with the baseline age (standardized ß=-0.312, P=0.007) and half-year axial change (standardized ß=0.293, P=0.01). The model was fair (adjusted R=0.21) and statistically significant (F=10.24, P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: It is practical to predict long-term AE with half-year axial change for children with OK correction. Therefore, this may aid in fast and timely measures in children who are predicted to have rapid myopia progression.

19.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19965, 2019 Dec 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882704

RESUMO

Tachaea chinensis Thielemann, 1910 (Isopoda: Corallanidae) is a branchial ectoparasite that attaches onto shrimps and prawns. However, the distribution of T. chinensis in China, especially its epidemiology, remains unclear. We determined the prevalence of T. chinensis on the ridgetail white prawn (Exopalaemon carinicauda Holthuis, 1950) in Jiangsu Province. Fifty ponds in 10 shrimp farms were assessed. Isopod species were identified by morphological features and mitochondrial 16S rRNA gene analysis. A literature review was performed to determine the geographical distribution of T. chinensis in China. Published data revealed that T. chinensis was geographically distributed throughout five provinces in China, including Liaoning, Tianjin, Henan, Hubei, and Guangxi. A total of 998 T. chinensis were collected from 50 ridgetail white prawn ponds in Yancheng City and Rudong County. Tachaea chinensis prevalence ranged from 0.98% to 4.42% in Yancheng City and 0.62% to 0.92% in Rudong County. This is the first study to investigate the geographical distribution of T. chinensis in China and determine the prevalence of T. chinensis on the ridgetail white prawn in Jiangsu Province. Overall, we provide available data that fill gaps in the epidemiology of T. chinensis.

20.
J Diabetes Res ; 2019: 9014698, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772946

RESUMO

Aims: Lipid accumulation product (LAP) is put forward as a powerful marker showing the accumulation of visceral fat. The present study is aimed at (i) analyzing the predictive performances of LAP in the identification of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in Chinese population and (ii) exploring the potentially interactive effect between LAP and other factors on IFG risk. Methods: Analysis was conducted on the data obtained from a community-based cross-sectional survey in Chinese population, and all the participants enrolled were required to complete a face-to-face questionnaire survey and related health checks. Then, for the purpose of comparing predictive values between LAP and conventional obesity indices for IFG, relevant analysis was carried out on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. The assessment of interactive effects was conducted by employing the three indicators as follows: (1) RERI (the relative excess risk due to interaction), (2) AP (attributable proportion due to interaction), and (3) SI (synergy index). Results: A total of 1777 participants (748 males and 1029 females) were involved in the final analysis. It was finally obtained that the prevalence rate of IFG was 14.1% in total, 15.5% for males and 13.1% for females, respectively. In logistic regression analysis, individuals with LAP levels in the fourth quartile had a significant higher risk of getting IFG in comparison with that of the lowest quartile (crude OR: 4.58, 95% CI: 3.01-6.98; adjusted OR: 3.81, 95% CI: 2.33-6.23). In addition, it was indicated by the ROC curve analysis that LAP showed a better performance in discriminating IFG risk than BMI in both males (Z = 2.20, P = 0.028) and females (Z = 2.13, P = 0.033). However, LAP displayed a higher predictability in comparison with WC only in females (Z = 2.07, P = 0.038), but not in males (Z = 0.18, P = 0.860). Furthermore, LAP and family history of diabetes were able to impose significant synergistic interaction on the risk of IFG, which was indicated by all the parameters in females (RERI: 2.52, 95% CI: 0.19-4.84; AP: 0.47, 95% CI: 0.20-0.74; SI: 2.39, 95% CI: 1.17-4.87) and males (RERI: 2.18, 95% CI: 0.08-4.73; AP: 0.43, 95% CI: 0.07-0.79; SI: 2.15, 95% CI: 1.03-5.45). However, none of the indicators showed significant interaction between LAP and smoking on the risk of IFG in females (RERI: 0.92, 95% CI: -2.79-4.63; AP: 0.20, 95% CI: -0.50-0.92; SI: 1.37, 95% CI: 0.42-4.52). Meanwhile, there was also no significant interaction between LAP and smoking on the risk of IFG in males as indicated by the value of SI (2.22, 95% CI: 0.80-6.21). Conclusion: It was concluded that LAP was significantly related to a higher risk of IFG in Chinese population, and its performance was superior to that of conventional obesity indices, especially in females. Apart from that, LAP with family history of diabetes may have an interactive effect that can impose a great influence on the development of IFG.

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