Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
1.
Parkinsonism Relat Disord ; 84: 29-34, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33548880

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A recent study reported that rare variants in NUS1 were associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). We aimed to assess the relative contribution of rare and common coding/non-coding variants of NUS1 to late-onset PD patients (LOPD). METHODS: Whole genome sequencing data were analyzed for target NUS1 regions, derived from a cohort of 1962 cases and 1279 controls. The genetic association analyses were performed using logistic regression analysis and Sequence Kernel association test. Expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) analysis was conducted to further explore the association of variants with NUS1 expression based on the data from GTEx database. RESULTS: We identified 18 rare coding variants. p.Y131C was first identified in LOPD. However, no significant burden of rare NUS1 coding variants in LOPD was found. The rare variant sets of two regulatory elements (GH06J117605 and GH06J117674) were significantly enriched in LOPD even after Bonferroni correction (adjusted P = 0.013; adjusted P = 0.010). Considering the joint effect of rare and common variants, all variant sets within GH06J117605 and GH06J117674 showed association with LOPD but were no longer significant after Bonferroni correction. None of the common variants within coding/non-coding regions were significant after Bonferroni correction. The eQTL results suggested these variants in GH06J117605 and GH06J117674 could potentially have eQTL effects on the brain tissues. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provide novel insight into the role of NUS1 regulatory regions in the development of LOPD and indicate that the variants in regulatory elements of NUS1 may be associated with LOPD by influencing the gene expression level.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(1): 447-458, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347291

RESUMO

MYB transcription factors (TFs) participate in many biological processes. However, the molecular mechanisms by which MYB TFs affect plant resistance to apple ring rot remain poorly understood. Here, the R2R3-MYB gene MdMYB73 was cloned from "Royal Gala" apples and functionally characterized as a positive regulator of the defense response to Botryosphaeria dothidea. qRT-PCR and GUS staining demonstrated that MdMYB73 was strongly induced in apple fruits and transgenic calli after inoculation with B. dothidea. MdMYB73 overexpression improved resistance to B. dothidea in apple calli and fruits, while MdMYB73 suppression weakened. Increased resistance to B. dothidea was also observed in MdMYB73-expressing Arabidopsis thaliana. Interestingly, salicylic acid (SA) contents and the expression levels of genes related with SA synthesis and signaling were greater in MdMYB73-overexpressing plant materials compared to wild-type controls after inoculation, suggesting that MdMYB73 might enhance resistance to B. dothidea via the SA pathway. Finally, we discovered that MdMYB73 interacts with MdWRKY31, a positive regulator of B. dothidea. Together, MdWRKY31 and MdMYB73 enhanced B. dothidea resistance in apples. Our results clarify the mechanisms by which MdMYB73 improves resistance to B. dothidea and suggest that resistance may be affected by regulating the SA pathway.

3.
Neurosci Lett ; 740: 135441, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A recent study on early onset Parkinson's disease (PD) revealed that NUS1 is a risk gene for PD. Clinically, essential tremor (ET) is closely related to PD. In this study, we aimed to detect NUS1 variants and assess the effect of those variants on patients with ET. METHODS: The 5 coding regions and the exon-intron boundaries of NUS1 were directly sequenced in 395 patients with ET and an equal number of healthy controls, matched for age and sex. The function of variants was assessed by pathogenic predictive software programs. Genetic analysis of variants was used to evaluate susceptibility to ET. RESULTS: A total of 6 exonic variants were identified, including 3 synonymous and 3 missense variants. The non-synonymous variants were predicted to be tolerable. No variants had significant association with ET (none of the p-values were less than 0.05, using Fisher's exact test). CONCLUSION: Our study suggested that NUS1 variants may not contribute to the risk of ET.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981681

RESUMO

Auxin plays an important role in plant growth and development; for example, it regulates the elongation and division of plant cells, the formation of plantlet's geotropism and phototropism, and the growth of main lateral roots and hypocotyl. IAA gene is associated with auxin and can response to biotic and abiotic stress in plants. However, the regulatory effect of auxin on anthocyanin accumulation has been rarely reported. In this study, we show that auxin inhibites the accumulation of anthocyanin and decreases the expression of genes related to anthocyanin synthesis in calli, leaves, and seedlings of apple. The expression levels of MdIAA family genes were determined, and we found that MdIAA26 significantly responded to auxin, which also induced MdIAA26 degradation. Functional analysis of MdIAA26 showed that overexpressing MdIAA26 in apple calli and Arabidopsis could promote the accumulation of anthocyanin and up-regulate the genes related to anthocyanin synthesis. Furthermore, the MdIAA26-overexpressing Arabidopsis could counteract auxin-induced inhibition on anthocyanin accumulation, which indicates that auxin inhibits the accumulation of anthocyanin in apple by degrading MdIAA26 protein.

5.
Transl Neurodegener ; 9(1): 31, 2020 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32746945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Common and rare variants of guanosine triphosphate cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1) gene may play important roles in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, there is a lack of comprehensive analysis of GCH1 genotypes, especially in non-coding regions. The aim of this study was to explore the genetic characteristics of GCH1, including rare and common variants in coding and non-coding regions, in a large population of PD patients in Chinese mainland, as well as the phenotypic characteristics of GCH1 variant carriers. METHODS: In the first cohort of this case-control study, we performed whole-exome sequencing in 1555 patients with early-onset or familial PD and 2234 healthy controls; then in the second cohort, whole-genome sequencing was performed in sporadic late-onset PD samples (1962 patients), as well as 1279 controls. Variants at target GCH1 regions were extracted, and then genetic and detailed phenotypic data were analyzed using regression models and the sequence kernel association test. We also performed a meta-analysis to correlate deleterious GCH1 variants with age at onset (AAO) in PD patients. RESULTS: For coding variants, we identified a significant burden of GCH1 deleterious variants in early-onset or familial PD cases compared to controls (1.2% vs 0.1%, P < 0.0001). In the analysis of possible regulatory variants in GCH1 non-coding regions, rs12323905 (P = 0.001, odds ratio = 1.19, 95%CI 1.07-1.32) was significantly associated with PD, and variant sets in untranslated regions and intron regions, GCH1 brain-specific expression quantitative trait loci, and two possible promoter/enhancer (GH14J054857 and GH14J054880) were suggestively associated with PD. Genotype-phenotype correlation analysis revealed that the carriers of GCH1 deleterious variants manifested younger AAO (P < 0.0001), and had milder motor symptoms, milder fatigue symptoms and more autonomic nervous dysfunctions. Meta-analysis of six studies demonstrated 6.4-year earlier onset in GCH1 deleterious variant carriers (P = 0.0009). CONCLUSIONS: The results highlight the importance of deleterious variants and non-coding variants of GCH1 in PD in Chinese mainland and suggest that GCH1 mutation can influence the PD phenotype, which may help design experimental studies to elucidate the mechanisms of GCH1 in the pathogenesis of PD.

6.
New Phytol ; 228(6): 1897-1913, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712992

RESUMO

Climate-driven phenological change across local spatial gradients leads to leaf shape variation. At higher elevations, leaves of broadleaf species tend to become narrower, but the underlying molecular mechanism is largely unknown. In this study, a series of morphometric analyses and biochemical assays, combined with functional identification in apple, were performed. We show that the decrease in apple leaf width with increasing altitude is controlled by a basic/helix-loop-helix transcription factor (bHLH TF), MdbHLH3. The MdbHLH3-overexpressing lines have a lower transcript abundance of MdPIN1 encoding an auxin efflux carrier but a higher transcript abundance of MdGH3-2 encoding a putative auxin amido conjugate synthase, resulting in a lower free auxin concentration; feeding the transgenic leaves with exogenous auxin partially restores leaf width. MdbHLH3 transcriptionally suppresses and activates MdPIN1 and MdGH3-2, respectively, by specifically binding to their promoters. This alters auxin homeostasis and transport, consequently leading to changes in leaf shape. These findings suggest that the bHLH TF MdbHLH3 directly modulates auxin signaling in controlling leaf shape in response to local spatial gradients in apple.

7.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(17)2019 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484403

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) is one of the most special and important Raman techniques. An apparent Raman signal can be observed when the target molecules are absorbed onto the surface of the SERS substrates, especially on the "hot spots" of the substrates. Early research focused on exploring the highly active SERS substrates and their detection applications in label-free SERS technology. However, it is a great challenge to use these label-free SERS sensors for detecting hydrophobic or non-polar molecules, especially in complex systems or at low concentrations. Therefore, antibodies, aptamers, and antimicrobial peptides have been used to effectively improve the target selectivity and meet the analysis requirements. Among these selective elements, aptamers are easy to use for synthesis and modifications, and their stability, affinity and specificity are extremely good; they have been successfully used in a variety of testing areas. The combination of SERS detection technology and aptamer recognition ability not only improved the selection accuracy of target molecules, but also improved the sensitivity of the analysis. Variations of aptamer-based SERS sensors have been developed and have achieved satisfactory results in the analysis of small molecules, pathogenic microorganism, mycotoxins, tumor marker and other functional molecules, as well as in successful photothermal therapy of tumors. Herein, we present the latest advances of the aptamer-based SERS sensors, as well as the assembling sensing platforms and the strategies for signal amplification. Furthermore, the existing problems and potential trends of the aptamer-based SERS sensors are discussed.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Limite de Detecção , Análise Espectral Raman/métodos
8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(45): 11567-11572, 2018 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348779

RESUMO

Whole-exome sequencing has been successful in identifying genetic factors contributing to familial or sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). However, this approach has not been applied to explore the impact of de novo mutations on PD pathogenesis. Here, we sequenced the exomes of 39 early onset patients, their parents, and 20 unaffected siblings to investigate the effects of de novo mutations on PD. We identified 12 genes with de novo mutations (MAD1L1, NUP98, PPP2CB, PKMYT1, TRIM24, CEP131, CTTNBP2, NUS1, SMPD3, MGRN1, IFI35, and RUSC2), which could be functionally relevant to PD pathogenesis. Further analyses of two independent case-control cohorts (1,852 patients and 1,565 controls in one cohort and 3,237 patients and 2,858 controls in the other) revealed that NUS1 harbors significantly more rare nonsynonymous variants (P = 1.01E-5, odds ratio = 11.3) in PD patients than in controls. Functional studies in Drosophila demonstrated that the loss of NUS1 could reduce the climbing ability, dopamine level, and number of dopaminergic neurons in 30-day-old flies and could induce apoptosis in fly brain. Together, our data suggest that de novo mutations could contribute to early onset PD pathogenesis and identify NUS1 as a candidate gene for PD.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/metabolismo , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Doença de Parkinson/genética , Receptores de Superfície Celular/genética , Adulto , Idade de Início , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Translocador Nuclear Receptor Aril Hidrocarboneto/antagonistas & inibidores , Translocador Nuclear Receptor Aril Hidrocarboneto/genética , Translocador Nuclear Receptor Aril Hidrocarboneto/metabolismo , Sequência de Bases , Encéfalo/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dopamina/metabolismo , Neurônios Dopaminérgicos/patologia , Proteínas de Drosophila/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Pais , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico , Doença de Parkinson/metabolismo , Doença de Parkinson/patologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Receptores de Superfície Celular/metabolismo , Irmãos
9.
Sensors (Basel) ; 18(8)2018 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30071682

RESUMO

Pathogenic Escherichia coli (E. coli) widely exist in Nature and have always been a serious threat to the human health. Conventional colony forming units counting-based methods are quite time consuming and not fit for rapid detection for E. coli. Therefore, novel strategies for improving detection efficiency and sensitivity are in great demand. Aptamers have been widely used in various sensors due to their extremely high affinity and specificity. Successful applications of aptamers have been found in the rapid detection of pathogenic E. coli. Herein, we present the latest advances in screening of aptamers for E. coli, and review the preparation and application of aptamer-based biosensors in rapid detection of E. coli. Furthermore, the problems and new trends in these aptamer-based biosensors for rapid detection of pathogenic microorganism are also discussed.


Assuntos
Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/análise , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Escherichia coli/patogenicidade , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/química , Humanos
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(6): 1209-1214, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29676130

RESUMO

A new method for detection of Escherichia coli exist in licorice decoction was developed by using DNA-based electrochemical biosensor. The thiolated capture probe was immobilized on a gold electrode at first. Then the aptamer for Escherichia coli was combined with the capture probe by hybridization. Due to the stronger interaction between the aptamer and the E. coli, the aptamer can dissociate from the capture probe in the presence of E. coli in licorice decoction. The biotinylated detection probe was hybridized with the single-strand capture probe. As a result, the electrochemical response to Escherichia coli can be measured by using differential pulse voltammetric in the presence of α-naphthyl phosphate. The plot of peak current vs. the logarithm of concentration in the range from 2.7×10² to 2.7×108 CFU·mL⁻¹ displayed a linear relationship with a detection limit of 50 CFU·mL⁻¹. The relative standard deviation of 3 successive scans was 2.5%,2.1%,4.6% for 2×10²ï¼Œ2×104,2×106:6 CFU·mL⁻¹ E. coli, respectively. The proposed procedure showed better specificity to E. coli in comparison to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis. In the detection of the real extractum glycyrrhizae, the results between the proposed strategy and the GB assay showed high degree of agreement, demonstrating the designed biosensor could be utilized as a powerful tool for microbial examination for traditional Chinese medicine.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/análise , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação , Glycyrrhiza/microbiologia , Extratos Vegetais/análise , DNA , Contaminação de Medicamentos , Ouro
11.
Parkinsons Dis ; 2015: 916971, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26421210

RESUMO

GBA has been identified as a genetic risk factor for PD. Whether the clinical manifestations of PD patients with or without GBA mutations are different has still not reached a consensus. We firstly detected the GBA mutation L444P in 1147 Chinese PD patients and simultaneously evaluated their corresponding clinical data. Then we compared the phenotypes between 646 PD patients with GBA mutations and 10344 PD patients without GBA mutations worldwide through meta-analysis. Through the method of meta-analysis, there was significant difference in age at onset (MD = -3.10 [95% CI: -4.88, -1.32]), bradykinesia as an initial symptom (OR = 1.49 [95% CI: 1.15, 1.94]), having family history (OR = 1.50 [95% CI: 1.18, 1.91]), and dementia (OR = 3.21 [95% CI: 1.97, 5.24]) during the comparison between PD patients with and without GBA mutations. While, in the aspect of tremor as an initial symptom (OR = 0.81 [95% CI: 0.64, 1.03]), the severity of motor symptoms such as H-Y (MD = 0.06 [95% CI: -0.06, 0.17]) and UPDRS-III (MD = 1.61 [95% CI: -0.65, 3.87]) and having dyskinesia (OR = 1.60 [95% CI: 0.90, 2.84]) during the comparison between the two groups revealed no statistical differences. Our results suggested that the phenotypes of PD patients with GBA mutations are different from GBA noncarriers.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...