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1.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(16): 4131-4138, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467724

RESUMO

Eleven condensed tannins were isolated from the roots of Indigofera stachyodes by various column chromatography techniques including silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). These compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR) and mass spectrometry(MS) data as stachyotannin A(1), epicatechin-(2ß→O→7,4ß→8)-epiafzelechin-(4ß→8)-catechin(2), cinnamtannin D1(3), cinnamtannin B1(4), epicatechin-(2ß→O→7,4ß→8)-epiafzelechin-(4α→8)-epicatechin(5), gambiriin C(6), proanthocyanidin A1(7), proanthocyanidin A2(8), aesculitannin B(9), proanthocyanidin A4(10), and procyanidin B5(11). Compound 1 is a new compound. Compounds 2-11 were isolated from Indigofera for the first time. Furthermore, compounds 1, 2, and 4-11 showed inhibitory effects on thrombin-induced ATP release in platelets.


Assuntos
Indigofera , Proantocianidinas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Extratos Vegetais
2.
Fitoterapia ; 154: 105029, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34506872

RESUMO

Four new chalchonoid trimers, named cochinchinenins N-Q (1-4), along with a pair of known enantiomers (5-6), were isolated from the total phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood (the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis). The planar structures of 1-4 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis including HRESIMS and 1D/2D NMR. The absolute configurations of new compounds were established by ECD data. Compound 1 exhibited significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells with IC50 value of 11.5 ± 1.7 µM.


Assuntos
Chalconas/farmacologia , Dracaena/química , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Chalconas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Resinas Vegetais/química
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2215-2219, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047123

RESUMO

This study aims to study the chemical components from the gum resin of Boswellia carterii. Five cembranoid diterpenes were isolated from the gum resin of B. carterii by various of column chromatographies including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, mass spectrometry(MS), nuclear magnetic resonance(NMR), Ultraviolet(UV) and infrared(IR) spectroscopic data. These compounds were identified as(1S,2E,4R,5S,7E,11E)-4-methoxy-5-hydroxycembrane(1),(1R~*,4R~*,5E,8E,12E,15E)-4-hydroxycembra-5,8,12,15-tetraene(2), cembrene A(3),(3S,4S,7R)-4-hydroxycembrane(4), and pavidolide D(5). Compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 2, 4, and 5 were obtained from the gum resin of B. carterii for the first time. Compound 2 showed weak inhibition on the human liver cancer cell line HepG2.


Assuntos
Boswellia , Diterpenos , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Resinas Vegetais
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(10): 2411-2416, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495600

RESUMO

Two new phenylpropanoid amide glycosides and ten analogues were isolated from the CH_2Cl_2 layer of 95% ethanol extract of the whole plants of Corydalis racemosa by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS column chromatographies, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties, MS, NMR, and IR spectroscopic data as N-cis-sinapoyltyramine-4'-O-ß-glucoside(1), N-cis-sinapoyl-3-methoxytyramine-4'-O-ß-glucoside(2), N-cis-sinapoyltyramine(3), N-cis-feruloyltyramine(4), N-trans-cinnamoyltyramine(5), N-trans-feruloylphenethylamine(6), N-trans-p-methoxycinnamoyl-3-hydoxyoctopamine(7), N-cis-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine(8), N-trans-feruloyltyramine(9), N-trans-feruloyl-3-methoxytyramine(10), N-trans-sinapoyltyramine(11), and N-trans-p-coumaroyltyramine(12). Compounds 1 and 2 are new compounds. Compounds 3-7 are obtained from the plants of Papaveraceae for the first time, and compounds 8-12 are firstly isolated from C. racemosa.


Assuntos
Corydalis , Amidas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Glucosídeos , Glicosídeos
5.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(4): 899-909, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237492

RESUMO

Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium(CRP, Chinese name: Chenpi) is one of the most famous edible traditional Chinese medicines(TCMs). CRP was first recorded as top grade TCM in Shennong Bencao Jing attributing to the benefits such as regulating Qi, tonifying spleen, eliminating dampness and eliminating phlegm, and has been widely utilized for the treatments of abdominal fullness and distention, vomiting and diarrhea, as well as phlegm cough. CRP is also widely popular as spice in food industry. Because of the wide cultivation, a number of brands that exhibit extensive price range can be found in the market, resulting in a great challenge for grading. Herein, an attempt was made to in-depth chemome profiling for the sake of providing meaningful information of the universal quality control of CRP. A new core-shell column packed with adamantylethyl substituted silica gel particles was deployed for chromatographic separations and IT-TOF-MS that is advantageous at providing abundant high resolution molecular and fragment ions was employed for qualitative detection. A total of 62 components were observed and 61 ones were structurally annotated according to proposing mass fragmentation patterns, matching with reference compounds and relevant databases, and the chemical families included flavone, limonin, etc. In particular, ten compounds bearing 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate substitute were detected from CRP for the first time. Above all, the chemical profile of CRP was characterized and the findings are meaningful for the in-depth quality assessment and efficacy material clarification of CRP.


Assuntos
Citrus/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Espectrometria de Massas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(3): 579-583, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237516

RESUMO

This study is to investigate the chemical constituents from the whole plant Corydalis edulis. The chemical constituents were separated and purified by macroporous resin D101, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, and semi-preparative HPLC. Their structures were determined by physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. Four compounds were isolated from the dichloromethane and water extracts of the whole plant C. edulis, and identified as 6'-ß-D-xylosylicariside B2(1),(3S,5R,6S,7E)-5,6-epoxy-3-hydroxy-7-megastigmen-9-one(2), loliolide(3), and 5,5'-dimethoxybiphenyl-2,2'-diol(4), respectively. Compound 1 is a new compound, of which the absolute configuration was established by electronic circular dichroism(ECD) calculations. Compound 4 is obtained from the plants of Papaveraceae family for the first time. Compounds 2 and 3 are firstly isolated from the Corydalis genus.


Assuntos
Corydalis/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação
7.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(14): 2030-2036, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30789078

RESUMO

Two new benzophenone glycosides, aquilarisides A (1) and B (2), together with six known analogues (3-8) were isolated from the pericarps of Aquilaria yunnanensis S. C. Huang. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR and mass spectroscopic analyses, and the absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Anti-inflammatory activities of all compounds 1-8 were evaluated for their inhibitory activities against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated induced nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cells using the Griess assay. Compound 2 indicated a weak inhibition of NO production.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Benzofenonas/química , Glicosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Thymelaeaceae/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Benzofenonas/isolamento & purificação , Benzofenonas/farmacologia , Glicosídeos/química , Glicosídeos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7
8.
Steroids ; 155: 108557, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866546

RESUMO

Two novel steroidal saponins, timosaponin V and W (1 and 2), together with seven known steroidal saponins (3-9), were isolated from the rhizomes of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bunge. Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D NMR and 2D NMR (HSQC, HMBC, 1H-1H COSY, and NOESY), and MS analyses. The cytotoxic activities of the isolates were evaluated. Compound 1 showed a significant cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 and HepG2 cell lines with IC50 values of 2.16 ± 0.19 µM and 2.01 ± 0.19 µM, respectively.


Assuntos
Anemarrhena/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Rizoma/química , Saponinas/farmacologia , Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Saponinas/química , Saponinas/isolamento & purificação , Esteroides/química , Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
9.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31813298

RESUMO

Two new isoquinoline alkaloids (1 and 2) along with fourteen known alkaloids (3-16) were isolated from Corydalis racemosa (Thunb.) Pers. Their structures were elucidated by analyzing spectroscopic and spectrometric data (NMR, UV, IR, and MS) and comparing their spectroscopic, spectrometric and physicochemical data with the values archived in the literature. The absolute configurations of new compounds were determined via X-ray crystallographic assay and electronic circular dichroism calculations. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activity of all compounds was evaluated. Compounds 5, 6, 9, 11, and 12 exhibited inhibitory activity against AChE with IC50 values ranged from 10.2 to 63.4 µM.

10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 244: 112138, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390529

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Dragon's blood (Chinese name: Xuejie), which comprises red resins obtained from several plants (27 species from 4 families), is drawing worldwide interests in medicinal applications owing to its broad pharmacological spectrum such as promoting blood circulation, regenerating muscle, relieving swelling and pain, maintaining hemostasis, etc. AIM OF THE STUDY: This work aims to evaluate current research progress on phenolic constituents, pharmacological activities, quality control, and metabolism of six Dracaena plants, namely, Dracaena cochinchinensis (Lour.) S.C.Chen, D. cambodiana Pierre ex Gagnep., D. cinnabari Balf. f., D. draco (L.) L., D. loureiroi Gagnep., and D. schizantha Baker, figure out the shortcomings of existing studies, and provide meaningful guidelines for future investigations. METHODS: Extensive database retrieval, such as SciFinder, PubMed, CNKI, ChemSpider, etc., was performed by using the keywords "Dracaena," "dragon's blood," as well as the Latin names of the six Dracaena species. In addition, relevant textbooks, patents, reviews, and documents were also employed to ensure sufficient information is collected. RESULTS: Flavonoids and their oligomers are the primary chemical clusters distributed in Dracaena plants. Pharmacological activities including analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, hypolipidemic, hypoglycemic, and cytotoxic effects; bi-directional regulation effects on hemorheology; and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular effects have been disclosed by modern pharmacological evaluations. The chemical and metabolic profiles after oral administration of dragon's blood extract were preliminarily characterized. However, some of the pharmacological investigations reported only elementary methodologies and unreliable findings, and even worse, some important aspects were questionable or missing in these articles. CONCLUSIONS: Dragon's blood is a valuable source of bioactive compounds, mainly flavonoids and their oligomers. Its potential therapeutic effects on different diseases are attractive, such as the notable effect on cardiovascular diseases. In future studies, there is an urgent need to test the effect of this extract on appropriate cell lines and animal models to analyze its ethnopharmacological applications; moreover, "composition-effect correlation" methods and omics technologies are demanded for identifying the effective material basis and therapeutic mechanisms before entering into clinical trials. Moreover, attention should be paid to the chemical profiling and quality evaluation of this precious herbal medicine.


Assuntos
Dracaena , Animais , Etnofarmacologia , Humanos , Fenóis/análise , Fenóis/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Controle de Qualidade
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2667-2674, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359675

RESUMO

Chemical profiling of a given herbal medicine( HM) is the prerequisite for clarifying the effective material basis and therapeutic mechanisms,and it is an important integral part of traditional Chinese medicine chemical biology( TCMCB). In current study,we aimed to propose a new strategy for fast chemical characterization of HM by using reversed phase liquid chromatography-hydrophilic interaction chromatography-predictive multiple reaction monitoring( RPLC-HILIC-p MRM),and Artemisiae Scopariae Herba was employed in this study to illustrate the entire strategy. In response to wide polarity spanning of the diverse chemical clusters in Artemisiae Scopariae Herba,RPLC and HILIC were coupled in series to retain and separate hydrophilic and hydrophobic components simultaneously by identifying the characteristics of chromatographic separation. Most of the chemical constituents in traditional Chinese medicine can be predicted by summarizing the results of chemical constituents of the same genera and introducing primary metabolites and possible substitution reaction types. Therefore,we constructed predictive ion pairs to rapidly identify the chemical constituents of Artemisiae Scopariae Herba. After comparison with control products,discussion on fragmentation pattern,and access to relevant information from literature and databases,a total of 139 components were detected and structurally annotated by matching the obtained spectral data with the information of authentic compounds. Above all,RPLC-HILIC-p MRM could be used as an eligible analytical tool for the chemical profiling of HMs.


Assuntos
Artemisia/química , Cromatografia de Fase Reversa , Plantas Medicinais/química , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2675-2679, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359676

RESUMO

As an important integral part of traditional Chinese medicine chemical biology( TCMCB),it is of great importance to rapid isolate,and reliably identify the chemical components in herbal medicines. Phytochemical studies on the anti-inflammatory active part of Chinese dragon's blood,the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis,resulted in the isolation of two compounds,nordracophane( 1) and dracophane( 2),using LC-MS and chromatographic techniques( Silica gel,ODS and preparative HPLC). The structures,cyclic dihydrochalcane trimers,were elucidated on the basis of 1 D and 2 D NMR,MS,IR and UV spectral analysis. Compound 1 is a new compound,and 2 is isolated from D. cochinchinensis for the first time. Both compounds exhibited significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharides( LPS)-stimulated RAW264. 7 cells with IC50 values of( 14. 9±4. 50) and( 9. 0±0. 7) µmol·L-1.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Espectrometria de Massas , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Dracaena , Camundongos , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(13): 2680-2685, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359677

RESUMO

Cardio-cerebral vascular disease induced by atherosclerosis is a serious cause of human health. The pathogenesis of AS is very complex,and the oxidized low-density lipoprotein( ox LDL) induced foam cells formation is considered to be the most important cytological change in AS. Based on the definition of " TCM chemical biology",we clarified the chemical composition of Ilex hainanensis,the effective substances of I. hainanensis on the activity of anti-AS were screened. Then we found that saponin BF523 had the good inhibitory effect on foam cell formation. In this research,we studied the BF523 as the research object to clarify the molecular target of the active compound of I. hainanensis by foam cell formation model. The results showed that BF523 significantly inhibited the oxidation of ox LDL-induced macrophage foaming and decreased the lipid content in macrophages. BF523 had inhibited the phagocytosis of ox LDL in macrophages by reducing the mRNA and protein levels of scavenger receptor CD36,thereby inhibiting the occurrence and development of AS. These findings not only clarified the mechanism of the inhibition of foam cell formation by saponin BF523,but also provided a useful exploration for the enrichment of the theory of " TCM chemical biology".


Assuntos
Células Espumosas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ilex/química , Lipoproteínas LDL/efeitos adversos , Aterosclerose , Antígenos CD36/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Células Espumosas/citologia , Humanos
14.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(7): 1442-1449, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090303

RESUMO

The research of anti-hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) drug has attracted more and more attention. Natural products are the important source of active compounds for cancer treatment. A biflavonoid HIS-4 was isolated from Resina draconis in our previous study. MTT assay, hoechst staining, and flow cytometry analysis were used to investigate the effects of HIS-4 on the proliferation and apoptosis of human hepatoma HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Moreover, the effects of HIS-4 on the migration and invasion ability of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were evaluated by wound healing assay and Transwell assay. In addition, MTT assay, flow cytometry analyses, Hoechst staining, wound healing assay, Transwell assay, and tube formation assay were used to explore the anti-angiogenic activity of HIS-4 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVECs). Mechanistically, the HIS-4 regulatory of signal pathways in H9 epG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells were analyzed by Western blot. This results showed that HIS-4 suppressed the proliferation of human hepatoma HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Moreover HIS-4 induced their apoptosis of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. HIS-4 inhibited the migration and invasion of HepG2 and SK-HEP-1 cells. Additionally, HIS-4 exhibited angiogenesis effects. Mechanistically, up-regulation of MAPK signaling pathway and down-regulation of mTOR signaling pathway may be responsible for anti-hepatoma activity of HIS-4. Therefore, HIS-4 may be a promising candidate drug for HCC treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Biflavonoides/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Dracaena/química , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Apoptose , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
15.
Phytochemistry ; 158: 46-55, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453219

RESUMO

Fifteen previously undescribed 2-(2-phenylethyl)chromone dimers, along with two known analogues were isolated from Chinese agarwood (Aquilaria sinensis) by a LC-MS-guided fractionation procedure. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic and spectrometric data (1D and 2D NMR, IR, and HRESIMS). The isolated compounds exhibited significant inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated RAW264.7 cells with IC50 values in the range 0.6-37.1 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Cromonas/química , Thymelaeaceae/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida , Cromonas/isolamento & purificação , Dimerização , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Plantas Medicinais/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
16.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(19): 2755-2761, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30453752

RESUMO

Timosaponin B III is a major bioactive steroidal saponin isolated from Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. To potentially discover derivatives with better biological activity, timosaponin B III was structurally modified via acid hydrolysis to yield one new (2, timopregnane A I) C21 steroidal glycoside and seven known compounds. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. All eight compounds were evaluated for cytotoxic activity against MCF7, SW480, HepG2, and SGC7901 cell lines in vitro. As a result, compounds 6 and 7 showed significant activity (IC50 2.94-12.2 µM) against all tested cell lines. Structure-activity relationships of these compounds were investigated and the preliminary conclusions were provided. Moreover, a new transformation pathway was discovered in the acid hydrolysis of timosaponin B III for the first time.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Saponinas/química , Anemarrhena/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Hidrólise , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Esteroides/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(18): 3708-3714, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30384537

RESUMO

As a holoparasitic plant, Cistanche deserticola is one of the two original sources of Cistanches Herba that is one of the most famous tonic medicines, in Chinese Pharmacopoeia. The succulent stems are used for medicinal usage, whereas those lignified stems as well as flowers of less pharmacological importance are usually deserted, suggesting extensive resource waste. Herein, chemical characterization of the flowers along with lignified stems was conducted using HPLC-IT-TOF-MS aiming to explore the medicinal valu of those non-medicinal parts. Following ultrasonication-assisted extraction with 50% aqueous methanol, either flower or lignified stem extract was subjected onto LC-IT-TOF-MS equipped with a Capcell core ADME column to acquire both MS¹ and MSº spectra, and gradient elution was carried out with combinatory 0.1% aqueous formic acid and acetonitrile. Both positive and negative ionization polarities were deployed, resulting in the observation of 62 components, in total. Thirty-nine signals were structurally annotated, including phenylethanoid glycosides, iridoids, lignans and saccharides according to matching with authentic components and literature information, as well as applying the proposed mass fragmentation rules. A total of 62 ones were putatively identified. Above all, lignified stems and flowers should not the qualified substitutes for the succulent stems attributing to the significant differences between the medicinal portion and those parts with less medicinal values.


Assuntos
Cistanche/química , Flores/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Caules de Planta/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação
18.
Fitoterapia ; 131: 105-111, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339923

RESUMO

Five new homoisoflavonoid derivatives, including three meta-homoisoflavanes (1-3), one homoisoflavanone (4), and one homoisoflavan (5), along with five known analogues (6-10), were isolated from the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis (Chinese dragon's blood). Their structures were elucidated by analysis of spectroscopic data (1D and 2D NMR, IR, and HRESIMS). The absolute configuration of compound 1 was determined by single-crystal X-ray crystallographic analysis, and those of 2-5 were established on the basis of experimental and computed ECD data. Compounds 4, 6, and 9 exhibited moderate inhibition of nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated BV-2 microglial cells with IC50 values of 60.4-75.6 µM.


Assuntos
Dracaena/química , Isoflavonas/isolamento & purificação , Resinas Vegetais/química , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Cristalografia por Raios X , Camundongos , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/química
19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(17): 3506-3512, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30347919

RESUMO

As a famous tonic medicine, Cistanche tubulosa has been honored as "ginseng of the deserts" for centuries. Aiming to address the resource shortage as well as the wild resource protection towards this herbal medicine, wide cultivation has been achieved in the southern Xinjiang. Herein, in-depth chemome comparison was conducted between cultivated and wild plants using ¹H-NMR spectroscopy that is capable of comprehensively providing qualitative and quantitative information of given complicated matrices. Multivariate statistical analysis was employed to process the dataset as well as to consolidate that the cultivated plants are comparable to those wild ones in term of chemome. ¹H-NMR spectra of both wild and cultivated plants were acquired in parallel after extraction. Following direct overlaying, great similarity occurred between these two groups. A total of 28 compounds were tentatively identified by referring to authentic compounds together with those available databases, such as HMDB and BMRB. Following principal component analysis, none significant difference was observed between wild and cultivated groups. Above all, from the viewpoint of chemical profile, the cultivated plants were almost equal to the wild plants; therefore, the cultivated plants are able to take the load of wild plants in clinical usage. Moreover, ¹H-NMR spectroscopy is a promising tool for chemical profiling traditional Chinese medicines because of the potential towards simultaneously exhibiting both quantitative and qualitative information for complicated matrices.


Assuntos
Cistanche/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Plantas Medicinais/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Prótons por Ressonância Magnética
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 43(12): 2556-2562, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29950075

RESUMO

Two new polypeptides were isolated and purified from the extract of deer bone (constitutive part of Cucumis and Cervus polypeptide injection) by various column chromatography including C4 300Å and Sephadex G-50, as well as semipreparative HPLC. Their N-terminal amino acid sequences were identified by De Novo sequencing on the basis of MALDI-TOF-MS data and Explorer™ software. The N-terminal amino acid sequences of polypeptides were identified as NH2-Gly-Pro-Val-Gly-Pro-Thr-Gly-Pro-Val-Gly-Ala-Ala-Gly-Pro-Ser-Gly-Pro-Asp (Mei18 peptide, 1) and NH2-Ala-Gly-Pro-Ala-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Leu-Gly-Pro-Pro-Asp-Ser-Try-Asp (Mei23 peptide, 2), respectively. Mei18 and Mei 23 peptides are new polypeptides.


Assuntos
Osso e Ossos/química , Cervos , Materia Medica/química , Peptídeos/química , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Espectrometria de Massas
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