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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e243629, 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1285611

RESUMO

Abstract As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Resumo Como importante enzima, a xilanase é amplamente utilizada na indústria alimentícia, de celulose e têxtil. Diferentes aplicações de xilanase garantem condições específicas, incluindo temperatura e pH. Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar grânulos de alginato de sódio como carreador para imobilizar xilanase mutada relatada anteriormente de Neocallimastix patriciarum que expressa em E. coli, a atividade de imobilização da xilanase mutada foi elevada em cerca de 4% em pH 6 e 13% a 62 °C. Além disso, a xilanase mutada imobilizada reteve uma proporção maior de sua atividade do que o tipo amplo em termoestabilidade. Essas propriedades sugerem que a imobilização da xilanase mutada tem potencial para aplicação na indústria de biobranqueamento.

2.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e244496, 2022. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1278474

RESUMO

Abstract Enzymes immobilized onto substrates with excellent selectivity and activity show a high stability and can withstand extreme experimental conditions, and their performance has been shown to be retained after repeated uses. Applications of immobilized enzymes in various fields benefit from their unique characteristics. Common methods, including adsorption, encapsulation, covalent attachment and crosslinking, and other emerging approaches (e.g., MOFs) of enzyme immobilization have been developed mostly in recent years. In accordance with these immobilization methods, the present review elaborates the application of magnetic separable nanoparticles and functionalized SBA-15 and MCM-41 mesoporous materials used in the immobilization of enzymes.


Resumo Enzimas imobilizadas em substratos com excelente seletividade e atividade apresentam alta estabilidade e podem suportar condições experimentais extremas, e seu desempenho foi mantido após repetidos usos. As aplicações de enzimas imobilizadas em vários campos se beneficiam de suas características únicas. Métodos comuns, incluindo adsorção, encapsulamento, ligação covalente e reticulação, e outras abordagens emergentes (por exemplo, MOFs) de imobilização de enzima, foram desenvolvidos principalmente nos últimos anos. De acordo com esses métodos de imobilização, a presente revisão elabora a aplicação de nanopartículas magnéticas separáveis ​​e materiais mesoporosos funcionalizados SBA-15 e MCM-41 usados ​​na imobilização de enzimas.

3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(30): 2343-2345, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404122

RESUMO

Just over a decade ago, it was widely accepted that intrapleural instillation of fibrinolytics was ineffective in treatment of pleural infection. Due to the accumulation of clinical study evidence, an expert team from several countries developed an international consensus and recommended that tissue plasminogen activator and deoxyribonuclease should be instilled intrapleurally at the same time as the initial treatment, or as a follow-up treatment after surgery for pleural infection. The recommended dosages are as follows: tissue plasminogen activator 10 mg, twice a day, deoxyribonuclease 5 mg, twice a day. The future researches should focus on optimizing the tissue plasminogen activator and deoxyribonuclease schemes and developing more effective fibrinolytics.


Assuntos
Doenças Pleurais , Derrame Pleural , Desoxirribonucleases/uso terapêutico , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Derrame Pleural/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia Trombolítica , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico
5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 738-745, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404171

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the causes,prevention and treatment of femoral artery puncture related complications caused by the application of resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) in the resection of pelvic and sacral tumors. Methods: Clinical data of 23 patients with femoral artery puncture related complications who received REBOA in the resection of pelvic and sacral tumors from August 2010 to August 2018 at the Musculoskeletal Tumor Center,Peking University People's Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.There were 8 males and 15 females,with the an age of (37.0±16.2) years (range:15 to 65 years).Arterial access via the Seldinger technique for REBOA was obtained in the right common femoral artery of 18 cases,and in the left of 6 cases.An arterial sheath with a diameter of 11 to 12 F(1 F≈0.33 mm) was used for the patient.The occurrence and treatment of postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: Acute femoral arterial thrombosis occurred in 18 patients,which was managed by open repair 48 hours postoperatively.Among the 349 patients admitted before 2015 who received hemostasis by compression after femoral artery sheath removal,12 patients (3.4%) developed acute femoral artery thrombosis.While the 476 patients admitted after 2015 who used a vascular stapler to close the femoral artery wound,6 patients (1.3%) developed acute femoral artery thrombosis.One case of retroperitoneal hematoma and 1 case of femoral pseudoaneurysm were found and surgically fixed.Postoperative follow-up was (40±18) months (range:13 to 108 months).Three cases with chronic lower extremity ischemia were confirmed by Doppler ultrasonography during 1 to 5 years follow-up.Two of them had minimal symptoms and denied further treatment,while the other one received femoral-femoral artery bypass surgery to restore distal flow for pain and numbness relief. Conclusions: Acute femoral arterial thrombosis was the most common femoral artery puncture.Technique refinement of REBOA,the use of percutaneous suture device and close follow-up can reduce the approach-specific complications,and help to detect and treat the complications timely,which may popularize the clinical application of REBOA.

6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(9): 785-792, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404178

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the classification of petroclival meningiomas(PCM), proposed selection of microsurgical approach and therapeutic outcomes. Methods: Retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 179 cases of PCM from Department of Neurosurgery, Xiangya Hospital, Central South University between January 2011 and November 2020. There were 28 males and 151 females with an age of(49.9±10.2) years(range: 22 to 75 years) and the tumor size of(44.8±10.3)mm(range: 15 to 80 mm). The mean duration of symptom(M(QR)) was 18.0(40.6)months(range:1 week to 320 months) and the mean preoperative Karnofsky performance scale(KPS) was 78.6±13.3(range: 40 to 100). The PCM were classified into 5 types according to the difference in the origin of dural attachment, involvement of adjacent structures and growth patterns through preoperative MRI. The surgical approaches were selected based on the proposed classification, and the clinical characteristics, surgical record, and follow-up data of each type were reviewed. Results: The PCM were divided into clivus type(CV, 4 cases), petroclival type(PC, 60 cases), petroclivosphenoidal type(PC-S, 62 cases), sphenopetroclival type with 2 subtypes(S-PC, 50 cases) and central skull base type(CSB, 3 cases). All of 176 cases were obtained microsurgical treatment except CSB type. The gross total resection reached in 124 cases(70.5%) with 112 cases of retrosigmoid approach(RSA), 27 cases of subtemporal transtentorial transpetrosal approach, 13 cases of pretemporal trancavernous anterior transpetrosal approach(PTCA), 12 cases of extended pterional transtentorial approach(EPTA) and presigmoid combined supra-infratentorial approach, respectively. The RSA could be adopted in both of CV type and PC type and most of PC-S type(71.0%). S-PC subtype Ⅰ and subtype Ⅱ were mainly underwent EPTA(40.8%) and PTCA(52.2%), respectively. Seventy-two cases(40.9%) gained new neurological dysfunctions mainly with the cranial nerve paralysis. The postoperative morbidity and complications were recovered or improved with conservative and positive symptomatic and supportive treatment. There was no intraoperative and postoperative death case. One hundred and sixty four cases(93.2%) of operative patients were followed with the duration of 24(48)months(range:3 to 108 months). Tumor recurrence and progress were identified in 14 cases(10.4%) and 14 cases(28.6%), respectively. Compared with postoperative neurological status, 89 patients(54.3%) had improved and 38 patients(23.2%) were still suffering various degrees of neurological dysfunctions during the follow-up. The recent KPS was 84.2±11.4(range: 50 to 100) without statistical difference from preoperative KPS(t=-1.356,P=0.125). As for each type, there were statistically significant differences in brain stem edema(χ2=3.482,P=0.038), gross total resection(χ2=9.127,P=0.001), surgical duration(F=8.954, P=0.013), postoperative length of stay(F=3.652, P=0.025), postoperative complications(χ2=1.550,P=0.024), postoperative KPS(F=2.856, P=0.042) and tumor recurrence/progress(χ2=4.824,P=0.013). Conclusion: The precise and comprehensive classification of PCM and specific individual treatment strategy are benefit to evaluate the diverse clinical prognosis, choose optimal surgical approaches, elevate gross total resection, diminish neurological dysfunctions and restraint tumor recurrence, so as to improve the quality of life for patients.

7.
Plant Biol (Stuttg) ; 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396652

RESUMO

Floral evolution in angiosperms is thought to be driven by pollinator-mediated selection. Understanding flower integration and adaptation requires resolving the additive and nonadditive contributions of floral pollinator attraction and pollination efficiency traits to fitness components. In this study, a flower manipulation experiment with a factorial design was used to study the adaptive significance of galea height (a putative attraction trait) and entrance width (a putative efficiency trait) in Aconitum gymnandrum Maxim. flowers. Simultaneously, phenotypic selection analysis was conducted to examine selection by pollinators on galea height, entrance width, nectar production and plant height. Increased galea height increased the pollinator visitation rate, which confirmed its attractiveness function. Increasing floral entrance width by spreading the lower sepals increased the seed number per fruit without affecting pollinator visitation. This suggests a pollination efficiency role for the entrance width. The phenotypic selection analysis, however, did not provide evidence of pollinator-mediated selection for either of these traist, but it did for plant height. According to the manipulation treatment and correlational selection results, the combined variation in galea height and entrance width of A. gymnandrum flowers did not have nonadditive effects on female reproductive success. This study demonstrated the adaptive value of A. gymnandrum flowers through manipulation of an attractiveness trait and an efficiency trait. However, neither trait was associated with pollinator-mediated selection. A combination of manipulating traits and determining current phenotypic selection could help to elucidate the mechanism of selection on floral traits involved in different functions and flower integration.

8.
Opt Lett ; 46(16): 3893-3896, 2021 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34388768

RESUMO

The vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) radiation is generated in the strong-field-ionized CO molecules through 2+1 resonance excitation with two-color femtosecond laser pulses. When scanning the relative delay between two pump pulses, the rotational-resolved VUV radiations show periodic oscillations lasting as long as 500 ps. Fourier analysis reveals that these oscillations correspond to rotational beat frequencies of the A2Πi state of CO+, which is the result of multi-channel interference during the resonant excitation process. High resolution of Fourier transform spectra up to 0.067cm-1 allows us to obtain the fine energy levels of the A2Πi state. The theoretical calculation is in good agreement with the experimental observation. This work reveals the rotational coherence of the ionic excited state and shows the prospect of rotational coherence spectroscopy in measuring fine structures of molecular ions.

9.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(29): 2328-2332, 2021 Aug 03.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34333950

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of semiconductor laser in situ fenestration of type A aortic dissection during thoracic endovascular aortic repair. Methods: The clinical data of 68 patients with type A aortic dissection treated by semiconductor laser in situ fenestration from June 2016 to January 2020 in Department of Vascular Surgery, Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University were analyzed retrospectively. Of the patients, 45 were male, 23 were female, the mean age was (52±14) years. The technical success rate and complication rates were assessed. Results: The technical success rate of 68 patients was 92.6% (63/68), only 5 patients failed due to the complex aortic arch type, 3 patients underwent chimney stent implantation, 2 patients underwent artificial vessel bypass. During the perioperative period, 1 patient died due to severe pulmonary infection, 4 patients developed neurological symptoms such as cerebral infarction after surgery, and the remaining patients had no related complications. Postoperative CTA follow-up indicated that the primary intercalation rupture was completely closed, and the main and branch stents were patency, 8 (8.8%) type Ⅰ leakage were occurred. Conclusion: It showed that in situ semiconductor laser fenestration is a feasible, effective and safe method to treat type A aortic dissection.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Adulto , Idoso , Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Prótese Vascular , China , Feminino , Humanos , Lasers Semicondutores , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e243629, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378657

RESUMO

As an important enzyme, xylanase is widely used in the food, pulp, and textile industry. Different applications of xylanase warrant specific conditions including temperature and pH. This study aimed to carry out sodium alginate beads as carrier to immobilize previous reported mutated xylanase from Neocallimastix patriciarum which expressed in E. coli, the activity of immobilization of mutated xylanase was elevated about 4% at pH 6 and 13% at 62 °C. Moreover, the immobilized mutated xylanase retained a greater proportion of its activity than the wide type in thermostability. These properties suggested that the immobilization of mutated xylanase has potential to apply in biobleaching industry.


Assuntos
Neocallimastix , Escherichia coli/genética , Temperatura
11.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(4): 697-703, 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34393231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate urinary continence recovery time and risk factors of urinary continence recovery after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: From January 2019 to January 2021, a consecutive series of patients with localized prostate cancer (cT1-T3, cN0, cM0) were prospectively collected. RARP with total anatomical reconstruction was performed in all the cases by an experienced surgeon. Lymph node dissection was performed if the patient was in high-risk group according to the D'Amico risk classification. The primary endpoint was urinary continence recovery time after catheter removal. Postoperative and pathological variables were analyzed. Continence was rigo-rously analyzed 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal. Continence was evaluated by recording diaper pads used per day, and all the patients were instructed to perform the 24-hour pad weight test until full recovery of urinary continence. The patient was defined as continent if no more than one safety pad were needed per day, or no more than 20-gram urine leakage on the 24-hour pad weight test. Time from catheter removal to full recovery of urinary continence was recorded, and risk factors influencing continence recovery time evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 166 patients were analyzed. The mean age of the enrolled patients was 66.2 years, and the median prostate specific antigen (PSA) was 8.51 µg/L. A total of 59 patients (35.5%) had bilateral lymphatic dissection, and 28 (16.9%) underwent neurovascular bundle (NVB) preservation surgery. Postoperative pathology results showed that stage pT1 in 1 case (0.6%), stage pT2 in 77 cases (46.4%), stage pT3 in 86 cases (51.8%), and positive margins in 28 patients (16.9%). Among patients who underwent lymph node dissection, lymph node metastasis was found in 7 cases (11.9%). Median continence recovery time was one week. The number of the continent patients at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 65 (39.2%), 32 (19.3%), 34 (20.5%), 24 (14.5%), and 9 (5.4%). Two patients remained incontinent 24 weeks after catheter removal. The continence rates after catheter removal at the end of 48 hours, 1 week, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks were 39.2%, 58.4%, 78.9%, 93.4%, and 98.8%, respectively. Univariate COX analysis revealed that diabetes appeared to influence continence recovery time (OR=1.589, 95%CI: 1.025-2.462, P=0.038). At the end of 48 hours, 4 weeks, 12 weeks, and 24 weeks after catheter removal, the mean OABSS score of the continent group was significantly lower than that of the incontinent group. CONCLUSION: RARP showed promising results in the recovery of urinary continence. Diabetes was a risk factor influencing continence recovery time. Bladder overactive symptoms play an important role in the recovery of continence after RARP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , Robótica , Incontinência Urinária , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatectomia , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia , Incontinência Urinária/etiologia
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(7): 1012-1021, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether miR-424 affects cancer cell proliferation and autophagy through ATG14 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. METHODS: We detected miR-424-5p and ATG14 expression levels in surgical specimens of HCC and adjacent tissues and in different HCC cell lines (HepG2, SMMC-7721, Huh-7, MHCC97H, and HCCLM3) and normal human hepatocyte LO2 cells using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. In the cell transfection experiments, we observed the effects of miR-424-5p knockdown in Huh-7 cells and the effects of overexpression miR-424-5p and ATG14 in HCCLM3 cells on the proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis and expression levels of autophagy-related proteins (LC3, Beclin1 and p62). Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the possible interaction between miR-424-5p and ATG14. RESULTS: In HCC tissues and cells, ATG14 was highly expressed and miR-424-5p expression was downregulated. In HCC cells, overexpression of miR-424-5p obviously suppressed cell proliferation and promoted cell apoptosis (P < 0.05), while inhibiting miR-424-5p or overexpressing ATG14 significantly promoted cell proliferation and inhibited cell apoptosis (P < 0.05). Dual luciferase reporter assay indicated that miR-424-5p inhibits HCC cells by targeting ATG14. In addition, inhibition of miR-424-5p and overexpression of ATG14 both enhanced the expressions of LC3-ΙΙ/LC3-Ι and Beclin1 and decreased p62 expression (P < 0.05), but miR-424-5p overexpression reduced the expressions of LC3-ΙΙ/LC3-Ι and Beclin1 and increased p62 expression (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: MiR-424 inhibits HCC cell autophagy and proliferation through regulating ATG14.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transporte Vesicular/metabolismo , Apoptose , Autofagia , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética
13.
Insect Mol Biol ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296485

RESUMO

Bombyx mori cypovirus (BmCPV) is an important pathogen of silkworm (B. mori), the economically beneficial insect. The mechanism of its interaction with host immune defence system in the process of infection is still not yet completely clear. Researches have demonstrated that virus-encoded microRNAs (miRNA) play a crucial role in regulating host-pathogen interaction, but few reports are available so far on miRNAs encoded by insect viruses, especially the RNA viruses. In this study, a putative miRNA encoded by the 10th segment of BmCPV genomic RNA, BmCPV-miR-10, was identified and functionally analysed. The expression of the putative BmCPV-miR-10 could be detected via stem-loop RT-PCR (reverse transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction) in the midgut of silkworm larvae infected with BmCPV. BmCSDE1 (B. mori cold shock domain E1 protein) gene was predicted to be a candidate target gene for BmCPV-miR-10 with the miRNA binding site located in 3' untranslated region of its mRNA. The regulation effect of the putative BmCPV-miR-10 on BmCSDE1 was verified in HEK293 cells by lentiviral expression system, in BmN cells by transfecting BmCPV-miR-10 mimics. The qRT-PCR (quantitative real-time PCR) results showed that the putative BmCPV-miR-10 could suppress the expression of BmCSDE1. By injection of BmCPV-miR-10 mimics into the silkworm larvae infected with BmCPV, it was further proved that the putative BmCPV-miR-10 could suppress the expression of BmCSDE1 in vivo, then inhibit the expression of BmApaf-1 (B. mori apoptotic protease activating factor 1), while enhance the replication of BmCPV genomic RNAs to a certain extent. These results implied that the putative BmCPV-miR-10 could down-regulate the expression of BmCSDE1, then suppress the expression of BmApaf-1, thereby created a favourable intracellular environment for virus replication and proliferation.

14.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101: 1869-1874, 2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34192843

RESUMO

Objective: To study the cervical cancer screening rate and related factors among women in China. Methods: In 2015, Chinese Chronic Diseases and Risk Factors Surveillance in Adults was conducted in 298 counties or districts using the multistage stratified cluster sampling in China. The study investigated 91 348 women aged 20 years or older who lived in the local at least 6 months in the past year. We collected the information about cervical cancer screening and socio-demographic factors through face-to-face interview. The screening rate was calculated by the complex sampling design and populating weighting. Rao-Scott χ2 was used to test the differences in screening rates within subgroups. Multivariable logistic regression was used to explore the factors associated with the uptake of cervical cancer screening. Results: The mean age of participants was (51±14) years old. The cervical cancer screening rate was 23.6% (n=21 346), and there was a significant difference in the screening rates among age groups. The cervical cancer screening rate in women aged 40-49 years was 34.8% (n=7 043). There was significant difference in the screening rates among geographic areas and the highest screening rate was 27.9% (n=6 707) in the eastern China. The more likelihood of uptake of cervical cancer screening was significantly associated with living in high-income regions, higher education, non-agriculture employment, higher household income, having medical insurance, and having health check-up during the past three years, and the cervical screening rate was higher (all P<0.05) . Conclusion: The cervical cancer screening rate is low in China and there was significant difference in the age and geographic areas. The uptake of cervical cancer screening is associated with local economic status, household income, education, employment, health insurance, and health check-up.

15.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e244496, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34190805

RESUMO

Enzymes immobilized onto substrates with excellent selectivity and activity show a high stability and can withstand extreme experimental conditions, and their performance has been shown to be retained after repeated uses. Applications of immobilized enzymes in various fields benefit from their unique characteristics. Common methods, including adsorption, encapsulation, covalent attachment and crosslinking, and other emerging approaches (e.g., MOFs) of enzyme immobilization have been developed mostly in recent years. In accordance with these immobilization methods, the present review elaborates the application of magnetic separable nanoparticles and functionalized SBA-15 and MCM-41 mesoporous materials used in the immobilization of enzymes.


Assuntos
Enzimas Imobilizadas , Nanopartículas de Magnetita , Adsorção , Estabilidade Enzimática , Enzimas Imobilizadas/metabolismo , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
16.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(4): 344-349, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33979961

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the proportion of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients who have received antiviral therapy and compare the clinical characteristics of HCC patients who have received antiviral therapy with those who have not received antiviral therapy. Methods: Data of 2590 newly diagnosed hepatitis B-related HCC cases who were hospitalized in Nanfang Hospital from 2015 to 2017 were collected. Two independent sample t-tests, Mann-Whitney U test, and χ(2) test were used to compare the clinical characteristics of hepatitis B-related HCC patients who had received antiviral therapy and those who had not received antiviral therapy. Propensity score was used to match some clinical characteristics of the two groups of patients, and the differences in clinical characteristics of the two groups of patients after matching were further compared. Patients with HCC who had not received antiviral therapy were used as reference, and then the clinical characteristics of HCC patients who had received antiviral treatment were analyzed using multivariate logistic regression. Results: Among the 2 590 patients with hepatitis B-related HCC, only 18.10% of patients had received antiviral therapy, while 82.20% of patients who did not receive antiviral therapy met the treatment criteria. HCC patients who had received antiviral therapy were older (P < 0.05), had a higher proportion of liver cirrhosis (P < 0.001), and lower levels of platelets and alanine aminotransferases and smaller maximum tumor diameter (P < 0.001). In terms of metabolic disease, patients who had received antiviral treatment had higher prevalence of diabetes (14.50% vs. 7.70%, P < 0.001), hypertension (16.60% vs. 11.20%, P < 0.05), obesity (28.50% vs. 22.30%, P < 0.05), overweight (53.80% vs. 43.50%, P < 0.001) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (18.30% vs.8.00%, P < 0.001). After matching other different clinical characteristics, the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients who received antiviral therapy was still higher than that of patients who did not receive antiviral therapy (14.50% vs. 9.80%, P < 0.05; 16.60% vs. 10.20%, P < 0.05; 18.30% vs. 7.00%, P < 0.001). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that HCC patients who had received antiviral therapy had a higher risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (OR: 2.054, 95% CI: 1.404~3.004) than those who had not received antiviral therapy. Conclusion: Among patients with hepatitis B-related HCC, the proportion of patients who have received antiviral therapy is significantly low (under 20%), which suggests that the popularization and promotion of antiviral therapy has a long way to go. Compared with HCC patients who have not received antiviral therapy, the proportion of HCC patients who have received antiviral therapy combined with metabolic diseases is higher; therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to the role of metabolic factors in the pathogenesis of hepatitis B-related HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Hepatite B Crônica , Hepatite B , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B Crônica/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
17.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(5): 341-348, 2021 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034421

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the occurrence and influencing factors of perioperative complications after robotic gynecologic surgery. Methods: The clinical data and occurrence of perioperative complications in 1 000 cases robotic surgery completed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Results: (1) Clinical data: the average age of the patients was (50.2±10.4) years old, and the average body mass index (BMI) was (24.4±3.6) kg/m2. Among 1 000 cases, 811 cases of them were malignant tumors, including 405 cases of cervical cancer, 279 cases of endometrial carcinoma, 112 cases of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), 15 cases of vulvar cancer; 189 cases of them were benign diseases, including 43 cases of uterine prolapse, 57 cases hysterectomy of uterine leiomyoma and adenomyosis of the uterus ≥12 weeks, 84 cases myomectomy of uterine leiomyoma, and 5 cases of fallopian tubal ligation requiring anastomosis. Surgical methods: in patients with malignant tumors, cervical cancer, hysterectomy plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy for stage Ⅰa1, and radical hysterectomy plus pelvic lymphatic dissection plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy for stage Ⅰa2-Ⅱb. Endometrial carcinoma, performed by staging surgery. Staging surgery for EOC with early stage and cytoreductive surgery with advanced EOC. Vulvar cancer, extensive vulvar resection plus inguinal lymphadenectomy. In patients with benign diseases, uterine prolapse, hysterectomy plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy plus sacrocolpopexy. Uterine leiomyoma or adenomyosis with uterus ≥ 12 weeks, hysterectomy plus salpingectomy or salpingo-oophorectomy. Myomectomy for patients requiring uterine preservation with uterine leiomyoma. Tubal anastomosis for patients with fallopian tubal ligation. (2) Surgical complications: intraoperative complications occurred in 25 patients (2.5%, 25/1 000), including 11 patients with vascular laceration, 11 patients with ureteral injury, 2 patients with bladder injury, and 1 patient with intestinal injury. Postoperative complications occurred in 130 patients (13.0%, 130/1 000), including 66 cases of lower limb venous thrombosis, 20 cases of lymphatic cyst, 8 cases of hydronephrosis, 9 cases of ileus, 16 cases with infection, 6 cases with genital fistula, 4 cases with trocar site herniation and 1 case with subcutaneous emphysema. The incidence of intraoperative complications was 3.1% (25/811) in malignant tumors and no case in benign diseases, the incidence rate in malignant tumors was significantly higher than that in benign diseases (χ²=4.778, P=0.029). The incidence rate in cervical cancer (4.2%, 17/405) and EOC (3.6%, 4/112) were significantly higher than those in endometrial carcinoma (1.4%, 4/279) and vulvar cancer (0/15; P<0.05). The incidence of postoperative complications was 15.2% (123/811) in malignant tumors and 3.7% (7/189) in benign diseases. The incidence rate in malignant tumors was significantly higher than that in benign diseases (χ²=17.807, P<0.01), but there were no significant difference among different malignant tumors (χ²=4.318, P=0.229). (3) The correlative factors affecting the occurrence of surgical complications: patient's age, BMI, previous pelvic or abdominal surgery history, the nature of disease (malignant or benign), operation time, and comorbidities had a significant impact on the incidence of postoperative complications (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the patient's age ≥40 years old, BMI ≥25 kg/m2, previous pelvic or abdominal surgery history, malignant tumors and comorbidities were independent influential factors of the postoperative complications (P<0.05). Conclusions: Perioperative complications vary according to the type of the surgery. The age, BMI, previous pelvic or abdominal surgery history, malignant tumors, and comorbidities are influential factors of postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Adulto , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Histerectomia/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos
18.
Insect Mol Biol ; 30(4): 436-445, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33955085

RESUMO

Alternative splicing is a common feature in eukaryotes that not only increases the transcript diversity, but also has functional consequences. In insects, alternative splicing has been found associated with resistance to pesticides and Bt toxins. Up to date, the alternative splicing in western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte) has not been studied. To investigate its alternative splicing pattern and relation to Bt resistance, we carried out single-molecule real-time (SMRT) transcript sequencing and Iso-seq analysis on resistant, eCry3.1Ab-selected and susceptible, unselected, western corn rootworm neonate midguts which fed on seedling maize with and without eCry3.1Ab for 12 and 24 h. We present transcriptome-wide alternative splicing patterns of western corn rootworm midgut in response to feeding on eCry3.1Ab-expressing corn using a comprehensive approach that combines both RNA-seq and SMRT transcript sequencing techniques. The results showed genes in western corn rootworm are highly alternatively spliced, which happens on 67.73% of multi-exon genes. One of the alternative splicing events we identified was a novel peritrophic matrix protein with two alternative splicing isoforms. Analysis of differential exon usage between resistant and susceptible colonies showed that in eCry3.1Ab-resistant western corn rootworm, expression of one isoform was significantly higher than in the susceptible colony, while no significant differences between colonies were observed with the other isoform. Our results provide the first survey of alternative splicing in western corn rootworm and suggest that the observed alternatively spliced isoforms of peritrophic matrix protein may be associated with eCry3.1Ab resistance in western corn rootworm.

19.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 207: 106154, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034031

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Brain tumors are among the most deadly cancers worldwide. Due to the development of deep convolutional neural networks, many brain tumor segmentation methods help clinicians diagnose and operate. However, most of these methods insufficiently use multi-scale features, reducing their ability to extract brain tumors' features and details. To assist clinicians in the accurate automatic segmentation of brain tumors, we built a new deep learning network to make full use of multi-scale features for improving the performance of brain tumor segmentation. METHODS: We propose a novel cross-level connected U-shaped network (CLCU-Net) to connect different scales' features for fully utilizing multi-scale features. Besides, we propose a generic attention module (Segmented Attention Module, SAM) on the connections of different scale features for selectively aggregating features, which provides a more efficient connection of different scale features. Moreover, we employ deep supervision and spatial pyramid pooling (SSP) to improve the method's performance further. RESULTS: We evaluated our method on the BRATS 2018 dataset by five indexes and achieved excellent performance with a Dice Score of 88.5%, a Precision of 91.98%, a Recall of 85.62%, a Params of 36.34M and Inference Time of 8.89ms for the whole tumor, which outperformed six state-of-the-art methods. Moreover, the performed analysis of different attention modules' heatmaps proved that the attention module proposed in this study was more suitable for segmentation tasks than the other existing popular attention modules. CONCLUSION: Both the qualitative and quantitative experimental results indicate that our cross-level connected U-shaped network with selective feature aggregation attention module can achieve accurate brain tumor segmentation and is considered quite instrumental in clinical practice implementation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Atenção , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação
20.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 59(5): 380-386, 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902222

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the risk factors for mortality in pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (PARDS) requiring extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. Methods: Clinical data of 109 patients with severe PARDS supported by ECMO, who were hospitalized in 6 ECMO centers in China from September 2012 to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into survival group and death group according to the prognosis. Chi-square test and rank sum test were used to compare the variables between the two groups, including the demographic data, laboratory examination results, clinical data before and after ECMO, and other supportive treatment. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression models were used to analyze the prognostic risk factors. Results: In these 109 cases, 54 died and 55 survived. Compared with the survival group, the death group had higher incidences of acute kidney injury (AKI) (48.1% (26/54) vs. 21.8% (12/55), χ²=8.318, P=0.004) and coagulation dysfunction (22.2% (12/54) vs. 7.3% (4/55), χ²=4.862, P=0.027), and higher rate of renal replacement therapy (48.1% (26/54) vs. 21.8% (12/55), χ²=9.694, P=0.008) during ECMO support. Logistic regression analysis showed that continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and AKI were independent risk factors for death in patients with severe PARDS requiring ECMO support (HR=3.88,95%CI 1.04-14.52, HR=4.84,95%CI 1.21-19.46, both P<0.05). Conclusion: AKI and CRRT are independent risk factors for predicting mortality in patients with severe PARDS requiring ECMO support.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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