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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533019

RESUMO

The hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway plays an essential role in both tissue development and homeostasis. Glioma-associated oncogene homolog 1 (Gli1) is one of the vital transcriptional factors as well as the direct target gene in the Hh signaling pathway. The cells expressing the Gli1 gene (Gli1+ cells) have been identified as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that are responsible for various tissue developments, homeostasis, and injury repair. This review outlines some recent discoveries on the crucial roles of Gli1+ MSCs in the development and homeostasis of varieties of hard and soft tissues.

2.
Angle Orthod ; 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570605

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the incorporation of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) improves the antibacterial ability and biocompatibility of nano silver (NAg)-containing orthodontic cement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NAg was synthesized using a sodium citrate reduction method. NAg particles were characterized using transmission electron microscopy and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra. NAg and NAC were incorporated into a resin-modified glass ionomer cement. Enamel shear bond strength (SBS), antibacterial capability, and cytotoxicity were evaluated. RESULTS: Incorporating 0.15% NAg and 20% NAC had no adverse effect on the SBS of orthodontic cement (P > .1). Adding NAC into NAg-containing cement greatly reduced the biofilm metabolic activity and lactic acid production (P < .05) and lowered the colony unit-forming counts by approximately 1 log (P < .05). The cell viability against NAg-containing cement was improved by NAC (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The incorporation of NAC into NAg-containing cement achieved stronger antibacterial capability and better biocompatibility, without compromising the enamel SBS. The combined use of NAC and NAg is promising to combat caries in orthodontic practice.

3.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 42, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33482798

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The maxillary anterior teeth play a crucial role in smile aesthetics. Previous studies regarding the importance of maxillary lateral incisors for smile aesthetics concentrated on their size, incisor edge level, and inclination, etc. However, the aesthetic effect of lateral incisor movement in the spatial position has not been studied yet. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to explore the influence of the labiolingual position of maxillary lateral incisors on the aesthetic perception of smiles by orthodontists and laypersons, as well as analyze differences in this perception between male and female raters. METHODS: A three-dimensional (3D) dental model was generated from the photograph of a man's smile using iOrtho7.0 software (Time Angel, Wuxi, China). Based on this model, seven images were generated with different labiolingual positions of the maxillary lateral incisors in 0.5 mm increments (+ indicating labial translation, and-indicating lingual translation). The images were evaluated by 86 orthodontists and 161 laypersons using a visual analog scale, with lower scores indicating less attractiveness. Data were analyzed using Student's t test and one-way analysis of variance with post hoc test. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in smile ratings by males and females. Orthodontists assigned lower scores to all images than laypersons. The smile at + 1.5 mm was considered the least attractive by orthodontists, while smiles at + 1.5 mm and - 1.5 mm were regarded as the least attractive by laypersons. The smile at 0 mm was evaluated as the most attractive by all raters. Laypersons gave different scores to smiles at 0 or - 0.5 mm, but orthodontists did not. CONCLUSIONS: The labiolingual position of maxillary lateral incisors does affect the perception of smile aesthetics. Orthodontists may rate smile aesthetics more critically than laypersons. Therefore, communication and discussion between orthodontists and patients is needed to achieve better therapeutic and aesthetic outcomes.

4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 6611244, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506022

RESUMO

Liquid biopsy is conducted through minimally invasive or noninvasive procedures, and the resulting material can be subjected to genomic, proteomic, and lipidomic analyses for early diagnosis of cancers and other diseases. Extracellular vesicles (EVs), one kind of promising tool for liquid biopsy, are nanosized bilayer particles that are secreted by all kinds of cells and that carry cargoes such as lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids, protecting them from enzymatic degradation in the extracellular environment. In this review, we provide a comprehensive introduction to the properties and applications of EVs, including their biogenesis, contents, sample collection, isolation, and applications in diagnostics based on liquid biopsy.

5.
Cell Signal ; : 109877, 2020 Dec 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296740

RESUMO

Tooth and bone are independent tissues with a close relationship. Both are composed of a highly calcified outer structure and soft inner tissue, and both are constantly under mechanical stress. In particular, the alveolar bone and tooth constitute an occlusion system and suffer from masticatory and occlusal force. Thus, mechanotransduction is a key process in many developmental, physiological and pathological processes in tooth and bone. Mechanosensitive ion channels such as Piezo1 and Piezo2 are important participants in mechanotransduction, but their functions in tooth and bone are poorly understood. This review summarizes our current understanding of mechanosensitive ion channels and their roles in tooth and bone tissues. Research in these areas may shed new light on the regulation of tooth and bone tissues and potential treatments for diseases affecting these tissues.

6.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 531, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33298186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Human dental pulp stromal cells (hDPSCs) are promising sources of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for bone tissue regeneration. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been demonstrated to play critical roles in stem cell osteogenic differentiation. Herein, we aimed to investigate the role of circAKT3 during osteogenesis of hDPSCs and the underlying mechanisms of its function. METHODS: We performed circRNA sequencing to investigate the expression profiles of circular RNAs during osteogenesis of hDPSCs. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect the expression pattern of circAKT3 and miR-206 in hDPSCs during osteogenesis. We knocked down circAKT3 and interfered the expression of miR-206 to verify their regulatory role in hDPSC osteogenesis. We detected hDPSCs mineralization by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Alizarin Red S (ARS) staining and used dual-luciferase reporter assay to validate the direct binding between circAKT3 and miR-206. To investigate in vivo mineralization, we performed subcutaneous transplantation in nude mice and used hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, and immunohistochemistry staining. RESULTS: Totally, 86 circRNAs were differentially expressed during hDPSC osteogenesis, in which 29 were downregulated while 57 were upregulated. circAKT3 was upregulated while miR-206 was downregulated during hDPSC osteogenesis. Knockdown of circAKT3 inhibited ALP/ARS staining and expression levels of osteogenic genes. circAKT3 directly interacted with miR-206, and the latter one suppressed osteogenesis of hDPSCs. Silencing miR-206 partially reversed the inhibitory effect of circAKT3 knockdown on osteogenesis. Connexin 43 (CX43), which positively regulates osteogenesis of stem cells, was predicted as a target of miR-206, and overexpression or knockdown of miR-206 could correspondingly decrease and increase the expression of CX43. In vivo study showed knockdown of circAKT3 suppressed the formation of mineralized nodules and expression of osteogenic proteins. CONCLUSION: During osteogenesis of hDPSCs, circAKT3 could function as a positive regulator by directly sponging miR-206 and arresting the inhibitive effect of miR-206 on CX43 expression.

7.
PeerJ ; 8: e10374, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33282557

RESUMO

Background: Periosteum plays critical roles in de novo bone formation and fracture repair. Wnt16 has been regarded as a key regulator in periosteum bone formation. However, the role of Wnt16 in periosteum derived cells (PDCs) osteogenic differentiation remains unclear. The study goal is to uncover whether and how Wnt16 acts on the osteogenesis of PDCs. Methods: We detected the variation of Wnt16 mRNA expression in PDCs, which were isolated from mouse femur and identified by flow cytometry, cultured in osteogenic medium for 14 days, then knocked down and over-expressed Wnt16 in PDCs to analysis its effects in osteogenesis. Further, we seeded PDCs (Wnt16 over-expressed/vector) in ß-tricalcium phosphate cubes, and transplanted this complex into a critical size calvarial defect. Lastly, we used immunofluorescence, Topflash and NFAT luciferase reporter assay to study the possible downstream signaling pathway of Wnt16. Results: Wnt16 mRNA expression showed an increasing trend in PDCs under osteogenic induction for 14 days. Wnt16 shRNA reduced mRNA expression of Runx2, collage type I (Col-1) and osteocalcin (OCN) after 7 days of osteogenic induction, as well as alizarin red staining intensity after 21days. Wnt16 also increased the mRNA expression of Runx2 and OCN and the protein production of Runx2 and Col-1 after 2 days of osteogenic stimulation. In the orthotopic transplantation assay, more bone volume, trabecula number and less trabecula space were found in Wnt16 over-expressed group. Besides, in the newly formed tissue Brdu positive area was smaller and Col-1 was larger in Wnt16 over-expressed group compared to the control group. Finally, Wnt16 upregulated CTNNB1/ß-catenin expression and its nuclear translocation in PDCs, also increased Topflash reporter luciferase activity. By contrast, Wnt16 failed to increase NFAT reporter luciferase activity. Conclusion: Together, Wnt16 plays a positive role in regulating PDCs osteogenesis, and Wnt16 may have a potential use in improving bone regeneration.

8.
Eur J Med Res ; 25(1): 58, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33176889

RESUMO

An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

9.
Eur J Med Res ; 25(1): 50, 2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mandibular deviations are common clinical complaints. The orthodontic or orthognathic treatment of mandibular deviations is tricky because a comprehensive diagnosis, especially a functional one, is difficult to make. A inaccurate diagnosis may lead to a compromised and unstable treatment outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: This article describes the diagnosis and treatment of a woman with a mandibular deviation and facial skeletal asymmetry. By eliminating the disharmony of the arch form with elastics and bite turbos, her esthetic and functional outcomes improved. Cone-beam CT (CBCT) and Joint Space Index (JSI) analyses served as the diagnostic approaches and outcome evaluation methods before and after treatment. CONCLUSIONS: A condyle position displacement could be an indication of functional deviation. JSI analysis is a quantitative and convenient choice to compare condyle relative positions.

11.
Life Sci ; 254: 117809, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428598

RESUMO

Bone remodeling is a complex and constant process, which is maintained by well-regulated communication among various cells. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are small vesicles, which could provide a protective environment for the transportation of various functional molecules. It has been shown that EVs could dock with distant and/or neighboring target cells, deliver cargoes to these specific cells and alter their fates. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), single-stranded non-coding RNAs with 22-26 nucleotides, could bind to mRNAs and repress the translation or stimulate the degradation of mRNAs. It is reported that EVs could serve as the mail carriers, which could cargo miRNAs to exchange information between different cells and act through a novel way to regulate signaling pathways during bone remodeling. In this review, we summarize the function of EV-miRNAs in the communication among mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), osteoblasts, osteoclasts, osteocytes, and myoblasts during bone remodeling, as well as the key signaling molecules which are involved in this process. The roles of EV-miRNAs in sending intercellular messages in the microenvironment of bone remodeling could shed new light on the development of tissue engineering, and provide novel diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets of bone-related diseases.


Assuntos
Remodelação Óssea/fisiologia , Comunicação Celular/fisiologia , Vesículas Extracelulares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Mioblastos/metabolismo , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteoclastos/metabolismo
12.
Orthod Craniofac Res ; 23(4): 363-370, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32340082

RESUMO

Clear aligners have been frequently applied in orthodontic clinic practice. However, its effect on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) compared with fixed appliance treatment (FAT) remains inconclusive. This systematic review aimed to compare the impacts of clear aligner treatment (CAT) with FAT on patients' OHRQoL. Electronic searches of databases (PubMed, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Embase, Medline, two Chinese databases and six grey literature databases) were conducted up to July 2019. Randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, cohort studies and cross-sectional studies comparing the impact of CAT and FAT on OHRQoL with validated instruments were included. Extraction of data and assessment of the risk of bias were conducted using ROBINS-I-tool, Newcastle-Ottawa Scale and ROB 2.0 based on study design. Of the 1112 records initially identified, 2 studies were included in this review. One study evaluated OHRQoL at the last debonding appointment, while the other made evaluation at the early stage of treatment. In the aspect of functional dimensions, both studies reported less eating disturbance in CAT patients than FAT ones. Based on currently limited information, the effect of CAT on the overall OHRQoL compared to FTA was still inconclusive. In individual dimensions, however, weak evidence supported that CAT might cause less eating disturbance than FAT. More high-quality clinical trials using validated OHRQoL instruments are needed to draw more reliable conclusions in the effect of CAT and FAT on OHRQoL.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Fixos
13.
Tissue Eng Part A ; 26(19-20): 1112-1122, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323608

RESUMO

A central challenge in tissue engineering is obtaining a suitable cell type with a capable delivery vehicle to replace or repair damaged or diseased tissues with tissue mimics. Notably, for skeletal muscle tissue engineering, given the inadequate availability and regenerative capability of endogenous myogenic progenitor cells as well as the tumorigenic risks presented by the currently available pluri- and multipotent stem cells, seeking a safe regenerative cell source is urgently demanded. To conquer this problem, we previously established a novel reprogramming technology that can generate multipotent cells from dermal fibroblasts using a single protein, fibromodulin (FMOD). The yield FMOD-reprogrammed (FReP) cells exhibit exceeding myogenic capability without tumorigenic risk, making them a promising and safe cell source for skeletal muscle establishment. In addition to using the optimal cell for implantation, it is equally essential to maintain cellular localization and retention in the recipient tissue environment for critical-sized muscle tissue establishment. In this study, we demonstrate that the photopolymerizable methacrylated glycol chitosan (MeGC)/type I collagen (ColI)-hydrogel provides a desirable microenvironment for encapsulated FReP cell survival, spreading, extension, and formation of myotubes in the hydrogel three-dimensionally in vitro, without undesired osteogenic, chondrogenic, or tenogenic differentiation. Furthermore, gene profiling revealed a paired box 7 (PAX7) → myogenic factor 5 (MYF5) → myogenic determination 1 (MYOD1) → myogenin (MYOG) → myosin cassette elevation in the encapsulated FReP cells during myogenic differentiation, which is similar to that of the predominant driver of endogenous skeletal muscle regeneration, satellite cells. These findings constitute the evidence that the FReP cell-MeGC/ColI-hydrogel construct is a promising tissue engineering mimic for skeletal muscle generation in vitro, and thus possesses the extraordinary potential for further in vivo validation.

14.
J Cell Mol Med ; 24(10): 5408-5419, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237113

RESUMO

Mechanical stress plays a critical role in cartilage development and homoeostasis. Chondrocytes are surrounded by a narrow pericellular matrix (PCM), which absorbs dynamic and static forces and transmits them to the chondrocyte surface. Recent studies have demonstrated that molecular components, including perlecan, collagen and hyaluronan, provide distinct physical properties for the PCM and maintain the essential microenvironment of chondrocytes. These physical signals are sensed by receptors and molecules located in the cell membrane, such as Ca2+ channels, the primary cilium and integrins, and a series of downstream molecular pathways are involved in mechanotransduction in cartilage. All mechanoreceptors convert outside signals into chemical and biological signals, which then regulate transcription in chondrocytes in response to mechanical stresses. This review highlights recent progress and focuses on the function of the PCM and cell surface molecules in chondrocyte mechanotransduction. Emerging understanding of the cellular and molecular mechanisms that regulate mechanotransduction will provide new insights into osteoarthritis pathogenesis and precision strategies that could be used in its treatment.

15.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 108, 2020 04 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32295586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the area and morphological changes around the soft tissue chin after orthodontic incisor retraction. METHODS: Fifty-nine female adults with bimaxillary protrusion requiring extraction of four premolars were included in the study. Cephalograms were taken before (T0) and after (T1) orthodontic treatment. The soft tissue changes, including the area, thickness and morphology were measured. Paired-t tests were performed for statistical comparisons. Pearson correlation analyses and backward multivariate regression analyses were used to identify the relationship between the soft tissue changes and incisor retraction. RESULTS: Following the incisor retractions (5.35 ± 1.79 mm and 4.42 ± 1.62 mm for the upper and lower, respectively), there was a significant increase in the soft tissue thickness of L1c-LL (0.64 ± 1.67 mm, P = 0.025) and Pog-Pog' (0.44 ± 1.10 mm, P = 0.022), and a significant decrease in the soft tissue thickness of B-B' (1.21 ± 1.34 mm, P <  0.01). Changes in the area of soft tissue chin and lower lip were not statistically significant (P > 0.05). Pearson coefficient between the thickness changes of B-B' and the retraction of lower incisors was - 0.376. The multiple correlations between the soft tissue thickness changes and incisor retractions were Y = 1.02-0.42a + 0.42b for L1c-LL, and Y = 0.17-0.31b for B-B'. CONCLUSIONS: The orthodontic incisor retraction could cause soft tissue thickness changes (i.e. an increase in L1c-LL and Pog-Pog' and a decrease in B-B') without area changes.

16.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 11(1): 109, 2020 03 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143708

RESUMO

Bone diseases such as osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and bone tumor present a severe public health problem. Osteogenic differentiation is a complex process associated with the differentiation of different cells, which could regulate transcription factors, cytokines, many signaling pathways, noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs), and epigenetic modulation. DNA methylation is a kind of stable epigenetic alterations in CpG islands without DNA sequence changes and is involved in cancer and other diseases, including bone development and homeostasis. ncRNAs can perform their crucial biological functions at the RNA level, and many findings have demonstrated essential functions of ncRNAs in osteogenic differentiation. In this review, we highlight current researches in DNA methylation of two relevant ncRNAs, including microRNAs and long noncoding RNAs, in the initiation and progression of osteogenesis and bone diseases.

17.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(11): 4623-4641, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32065449

RESUMO

Studies have indicated that Nel-like molecule-1 (NELL-1) was an osteoblast-specific cytokine and some specific microRNAs (miRNAs) could serve as competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) to partake in osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs). The aim of this study was to explore the potential functional mechanisms of recombinant human NELL-1 protein (rhNELL-1) during hASCs osteogenic differentiation. rhNELL-1 was added to osteogenic medium to activate osteogenic differentiation of hASCs. High-throughput RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was performed and validated by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Gene ontology functional annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis were performed to detect the functions of differentially expressed miRNAs and genes. Coding-noncoding gene co-expression network and ceRNA networks were constructed to predict the potential regulatory role of miRNAs. A total of 1010 differentially expressed miRNAs and 1762 differentially expressed messenger RNAs (mRNAs) were detected. miRNA-370-3p, bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), and parathyroid hormone like hormone (PTHLH) were differentially expressed during NELL-1-induced osteogenesis. Bioinformatic analyses demonstrated that these differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs enriched in Rap1 signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, Glucagon signaling pathway, and hypoxia-inducible factor-1 signaling pathway, which were important pathways related to osteogenic differentiation. In addition, miRNA-370-3p and has-miR-485-5p were predicted to interact with circ0001543, circ0002405, and ENST00000570267 in ceRNA networks. Based on the gain or loss of functional experiments by transfection, the results showed that miR-370-3p was a key regulator in osteogenic differentiation by targeting BMP2 and disturbing the expression of PTHLH, and participated in NELL-1-stimulated osteogenesis. The present study provided the primary data and evidence for further exploration on the roles of miRNAs and ceRNAs during NELL-1-induced ossification of hASCs.

18.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(9): 6010-6022, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985033

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are important modulators of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in cellular differentiation. However, the regulatory mechanisms of lncRNAs in NEL-like 1 (NELL-1)-induced osteogenic differentiation of human adipose-derived stem cells remain elusive. Expression profiles of lncRNAs and messenger RNAs during NELL-1-induced osteogenesis were obtained using high-throughput sequencing. Gene Ontology, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis, and gene coexpression networks were performed. We identified 323 statistically differentially expressed lncRNAs during osteogenesis and NELL-1-induced osteogenesis, and three lncRNAs (ENST00000602964, ENST00000326734, and TCONS_00006792) were identified as core regulators. Hedgehog pathway markers, including IHH and GLI1, were downregulated, while the antagonists of this pathway (GLI3 and HHIP) were upregulated during NELL-1-induced osteogenesis. In this process, the antagonist of Wnt, SFRP1, was downregulated. According to the analysis, we speculated that lncRNAs played important roles in NELL-1-induced osteogenesis via the crosstalk between Hedgehog and Wnt pathways.

19.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(4): 1027-1037, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897963

RESUMO

Mitochondrial genes' variants encoded in both the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes can disrupt mitochondrial function, resulting in losing of cartilage and generating osteoarthritis (OA). However, the association between mtDNA haplogroups and OA still lacks strength evidence supporting. The aim of this meta-analysis is to assess the role of mtDNA haplogroups in speculating the pathogenesis and progression of OA. PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and World Health Organization clinical trials' registry center were searched to identify relevant studies up to the end of March 2019. Inclusion citations required a case-control or cohort study to demonstrate the association between mtDNA haplogroups and OA's prevalence or progression. Title, abstract, and full-text screening were sequentially assessed by three reviewers. Data were analyzed using STATA. Besides, publication bias and meta-regression analysis were conducted to explore potential heterogeneities. We collected results from 7 articles. The cluster TJ cases showed a lower proportion in OA cases (RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.72, 0.96). However, there is no evidence that revealed this kind of impact originated from neither type J nor type T individually. Besides, the type B and G analyses among Asian populations also elucidated a negative association. Moreover, the cluster TJ of mtDNA haplogroups revealed a lower cumulative probability of radiographic OA progression (ES = 0.77, 95% CI 0.63, 0.94), which was contributed by type T (ES = 0.61, 95% CI 0.45, 0.82).The mtDNA haplogroups do have impacts on the prevalence and progression of OA. Cluster TJ could help reduce the prevalence and slow down the radiographic changes; however, the impacts came from type J and type T, respectively.

20.
J Endod ; 46(1): 12-18, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843124

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aims of this study were to evaluate the methodological quality of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) recently published in endodontics and to investigate the influences of methodological characteristics on the magnitude of treatment effects. METHODS: PubMed was searched for RCTs published from October 2013 to October 2018 in 3 leading endodontic journals. The methodological quality of the included studies was determined by using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias (RoB) tool. The estimates of intervention effects were expressed or calculated as odds ratios and the standardized mean difference for binary and continuous outcomes, respectively. Meta-regression analyses and Monte Carlo permutation tests were performed to identify the association between RoB and intervention effect estimates. RESULTS: A total of 121 RCTs were identified as eligible for the current study. For both the studies with binary and continuous outcome measures, the domain of blinding of participants and personnel had the highest percentage of high RoB. For binary outcomes, methodological deficiencies in allocation concealment tended to produce exaggerated treatment effects. For continuous outcomes, risk regarding blinding of participants and personnel and incomplete outcome data were more likely to provide overestimated trial results. CONCLUSIONS: The methodological quality of RCTs within endodontics is suboptimal, and these methodological deficiencies could exaggerate intervention effect estimates in endodontic RCTs. Better trial methodology and more explicit reporting are needed to improve the reliability of evidence in endodontic RCTs.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Viés , Humanos , Razão de Chances , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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