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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(10): 1035-1038, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31598955

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the role of inhibitory KIR (iKIR) and its cognate HLA ligand in the occurrence and development of cervical cancer among ethnic Han Chinese and its potential mechanism. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples from 265 Han Chinese patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)/cervical cancer and 200 ethnically matched healthy controls were collected. The results of KIR PCR-SSP, HLA PCR-rSSO and KIR3DL1 PCR-SBT, together with cervical cancer data from the TCGA database, were used to assess the association of iKIR genes, receptor-ligand gene combinations, iKIR transcription level in the tumor tissue and the KIR3DL1 alleles with the occurrence and development of cervical cancer. RESULTS: Among the four iKIR genes (KIR2DL1, 2DL2/3, 3DL1 and 3DL2), the frequencies of KIR3DL1 and KIR3DL1-HLA-Bw4 genes among controls were significantly higher than those of the cervical cancer group (96.5% vs. 87.0%, P = 0.018; 81.5% vs. 64.8%, P=0.009). The survival rate of cervical cancer patients with a high transcription level of KIR3DL1 in tumor tissues was significantly higher than those with a low/medium transcription level (P=0.028). The frequency of strong-inhibitory and high-expression KIR3DL1*01502 allele among the healthy population was significantly higher than that of the cervical cancer group (76.0% vs. 59.3%, P =0.015). CONCLUSION: Combined KIR3DL1 and KIR3DL1-HLA-Bw4 can confer a protective effect against the development of cervical cancer, which may be attributed to the strong-inhibitory and high-expression allele of KIR3DL1*01502.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Receptores KIR3DL1/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Proteção , Receptores KIR
2.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1646, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379844

RESUMO

Interactions of human natural killer (NK) cell inhibitory receptors with polymorphic HLA-A, -B and -C molecules educate NK cells for immune surveillance against tumor cells. The KIR A haplotype encodes a distinctive set of HLA-specific NK cell inhibiting receptors having strong influence on immunity. We observed higher frequency of KIR A homozygosity among 745 healthy Chinese Southern Han than 836 adult patients representing three types of leukemia: ALL (OR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.52-0.89, p = 0.004), AML (OR = 0.76, 95% CI = 0.59-0.98, p = 0.034), and CML (OR = 0.72 95% CI = 0.51-1.0, ns). We observed the same trend for NHL (OR = 0.47 95% CI = 0.26-0.88 p = 0.017). For ALL, the protective effect of the KIR AA genotype was greater in the presence of KIR ligands C1 (Pc = 0.01) and Bw4 (Pc = 0.001), which are tightly linked in East Asians. By contrast, the C2 ligand strengthened protection from CML (Pc = 0.004). NK cells isolated from KIR AA individuals were significantly more cytotoxic toward leukemic cells than those from other KIR genotypes (p < 0.0001). These data suggest KIR allotypes encoded by East Asian KIR A haplotypes are strongly inhibitory, arming NK cells to respond to leukemogenic cells having altered HLA expression. Thus, the study of populations with distinct KIR and HLA distributions enlightens understanding of immune mechanisms that significantly impact leukemia pathogenesis.

3.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(1): 658-670, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30203578

RESUMO

Emerging evidence indicated that changes in DNA methylation early in breast cancer (BC) development might be clinically relevant for therapeutic decisions. Through analysis of whole-genome gene expression microarray and DNA methylation microarray, we explored genes with abnormal DNA methylation in BC for early detection. Firstly, human BC tissues and adjacent non-cancerous tissues were collected from nine BC patients. Gene expression microarray sequencing was conducted for identifying differentially expressed genes and DNA methylation microarray sequencing for differentially methylated genes in BC. Differentially expressed genes and methylated genes in BC were further explored using the Cancer Genome Atlas database. The correlation between DNA methylation and gene expression was illustrated by multiple comparisons. In other 60 clinical samples, methylation specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse transcription quantitative PCR were applied for the methylation of HOXA4 and IGF1 genes in BC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues. In total, 1680 upregulated genes and 1249 downregulated genes were determined in BC. Chromosome 16 and 17 showed more differentially methylated genes, and DNA methylation level was increased in BC tissues in each gene region. Chromosome 19 showed more differentially methylated genes, and DNA methylation level was increased in BC tissues in the exoniensis 1, untranslated region-5 and transcriptional start site 200 gene regions. In other 60 clinical samples, HOXA4 and IGF1 in BC tissues presented increased DNA methylation and decreased gene expression in BC. MCF7 cells treated with RG108 showed decreased HOXA4 and IGF1 expressions. It was estimated that HOXA4 and IGF1 were identified with increased DNA methylation and decreased gene expression in BC, which may serve as biomarkers in early BC detection.

4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 34(1): 21-25, 2017 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28186587

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study genetic polymorphisms of the KIR2DS4 gene among ethnic Hans from southern China. METHODS: Genomic DNA was isolated from 306 unrelated individuals and amplified with KIR2DS4-specific PCR primers. KIR2DS4-positive samples were genotyped for the entire coding sequence by sequencing-based typing (SBT). Assignment of allelic genotypes was accomplished by using Assign 3.5 software. For samples with inconclusive SBT results, RT-PCR products covering the entire coding sequence of the KIR2DS4 gene were subjected to cloning and haplotype sequencing. RESULTS: Among all tested samples, 297 were demonstrated to have carried the KIR2DS4 framework gene. For KIR2DS4-positive samples subjected to SBT for the entire coding sequences, no background was observed with the obtained sequences. Three of the seven identified alleles were of novel types, which were officially named by the KIR subcommittee of the World Health Organization Nomenclature Committee for Factors of HLA System. The observed frequencies for the 7 alleles were KIR2DS4*00101 (78.8%), *003 (10.5%), *004 (16.0%), *010 (23.2%), *017 (0.3%), *00105 (0.3%) and *018 (0.7%), respectively. Allele KIR2DS4*007 was not found. The overall frequency for normal cell-surface expression KIR2DS4 alleles including 2DS4*00101, *017 and *00105 was 79.4%, and that for non cell-surface expression alleles including 2DS4*003, *004, *010 and *018 was 50.4%. The ratio between the two was 1.6:1. CONCLUSION: The present study has elucidated the allelic diversity of KIR2DS4 among ethnic Hans from southern China, which may provide valuable data for transplantation as well as studies on KIR-associated disease and evolution.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Haplótipos , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores KIR/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Sequência de Bases , China , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
5.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 34(1): 53-57, 2017 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28186594

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of KIR-HLA gene polymorphism with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) among ethnic Hans from southern China. METHODS: A total of 172 adult CML patients and 480 unrelated healthy controls were screened for the presence of KIR with sequence-specific primers-PCR (PCR-SSP) and sequence-based typing (SBT) of HLA-A, -B and -C loci. Polymorphisms of the KIR-HLA system were analyzed at 4 levels, and the frequencies of KIR framework genes and KIR profiles, classⅠHLA ligands, matched KIR+HLA pairs and KIR-HLA compound profile were compared between the two groups. P values were calculated using SPSS 13.0 software. RESULTS: For the CML group, the frequencies of HLA-C2 ligand, 2DL1+HLA-C2 pair and HLA-B Bw4-80I were significantly lower than those of the control group, suggesting a protective effect against CML (HLA-C2: OR=0.386, 95%CI:0.240-0.620, P<0.01; 2DL1+HLA-C2: OR=0.316, 95%CI:0.191-0.525, P<0.01; HLA-B Bw4-80I: OR=0.576, 95%CI:0.384-0.862, P<0.01). The frequencies of KIR2DL1 ligand (HLA-C2) and KIR3DL1 ligand (HLA-B Bw4-80I) in the CML group were significantly lower than that of the control group, suggesting that the HLA-C2 and HLA-B Bw4-80I expression is probably decreased in the CML patient group, which led to reduced inhibitory signal and enhanced activating signal of KIR2DL1+ and/or KIR3DL1+ NK cells. Notably, the frequency of KIR-HLA compound profiles ID2 (KIR AA1-HLA-C1/C1-Bw6/Bw6-A3/11) in CML patients significantly increased in the CML patient group compared with the control group, suggesting that the KIR-HLA compound profiles ID2 may be a risk factor for CML (OR=2.163, 95%CI 1.198-3.906, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Above analysis has identified certain protective and risk factors for CML from the KIR-HLA system, which may provide a clue for the pathogenesis of leukemia and development of individualized immune therapy.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores KIR/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Antígenos HLA-A/genética , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Antígenos HLA-C/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/etnologia , Razão de Chances , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Fatores de Risco
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 34(1): 110-114, 2017 Feb 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28186608

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the genetic polymorphisms of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)- A, B, C, DRB1, DQA1, DQB1, DPA1and DPB1among ethnic Hans from southern China. METHODS: 481 randomly selected individuals were genotyped using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequence-based typing (SBT) method for the above genes. Their allele frequencies were determined by direct counting. RESULTS: In total, 28 HLA-A, 57 HLA-B, 28 HLA-C, 40 HLA-DRB1, 18 HLA-DQA1, 17 HLA-DQB1, 6 HLA-DPA1and 21 HLA-DPB1alleles were identified. Among these, common alleles (with allelic frequencies > 0.05) included A*1101, A*2402, A*0207, A*3303, A*0201, B*40:01, B*46:01, B*58:01, B*13:01, B*15:02, C*01:02, C*07:02, C*03:04, C*03:02, C*08:01, C*03:03, C*04:01, DRB1*09:01, DRB1*15:01, DRB1*12:02, DRB1*08:03, DRB1*03:01, DRB1*04:05, DRB1*11:01, DQA1*01:02, DQA1*03:02, DQA1*03:03, DQA1*06:01, DQA1*01:03, DQA1*05:05, DQA1*01:04, DQA1*03:01, DQA1*05:01, DQB1*03:01, DQB1*03:03, DQB1*06:01, DQB1*05:02, DQB1*03:02, DQB1*02:01, DQB1*03:02, DQB1*06:02, DPA1*02:02, DPA1*01:03, DPA1*02:01, DPB1*05:01, DPB1*02:01, DPB1*13:01, DPB1*04:01and DPB1*02:02.For each of the locus, the overall frequencies of common alleles were 75.57%, 52.81%, 78.28%, 62.16%, 86.70%, 77.23%, 95.32% and 81.59%, respectively. CONCLUSION: The allelic frequencies of the 8 selected HLA loci among ethnic Hans from southern China may served as a reference for anthropology, legal medicine, transplantation and disease association studies.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Genotipagem/métodos , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe II/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , China , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Antígenos HLA-A/genética , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Antígenos HLA-C/genética , Antígenos HLA-DP/genética , Cadeias alfa de HLA-DQ/genética , Cadeias beta de HLA-DQ/genética , Cadeias HLA-DRB1/genética , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
7.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 33(6): 867-870, 2016 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27984624

RESUMO

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIRs) are members of the immunoglobulin superfamily expressed on natural killer (NK) cells and a subset of T cells. Given the receptor-ligand relationship between certain KIR and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) classⅠmolecules, the KIRs are involved in the regulation of NK cell activation through conveying activating or inhibitory signals, which plays an important role in immunities involved in transplantation, tumor, infection as well as autoimmune diseases. This paper has provided a review for the research on KIR gene polymorphisms and summarized the characteristics of the sequence-based typing method for KIR genes.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Receptores KIR/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 33(5): 694-7, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27577226

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an assay for cDNA cloning and haplotype sequencing of KIR2DL1 framework gene and determine the genotype of an ethnic Han from southern China. METHODS: Total RNA was isolated from peripheral blood sample, and complementary DNA (cDNA) transcript was synthesized by RT-PCR. The entire coding sequence of the KIR2DL1 framework gene was amplified with a pair of KIR2DL1-specific PCR primers. The PCR products with a length of approximately 1.2 kb were then subjected to cloning and haplotype sequencing. RESULTS: A specific target fragment of the KIR2DL1 framework gene was obtained. Following allele separation, a wild-type KIR2DL1*00302 allele and a novel variant allele, KIR2DL1*031, were identified. Sequence alignment with KIR2DL1 alleles from the IPD-KIR Database showed that the novel allele KIR2DL1*031 has differed from the closest allele KIR2DL1*00302 by a non-synonymous mutation at CDS nt 188A>G (codon 42 GAG>GGG) in exon 4, which has caused an amino acid change Glu42Gly. The sequence of the novel allele KIR2DL1*031 was submitted to GenBank under the accession number KP025960 and to the IPD-KIR Database under the submission number IWS40001982. A name KIR2DL1*031 has been officially assigned by the World Health Organization (WHO) Nomenclature Committee. CONCLUSION: An assay for cDNA cloning and haplotype sequencing of KIR2DL1 has been established, which has a broad applications in KIR studies at allelic level.


Assuntos
DNA Complementar/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Receptores KIR2DL1/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Alelos , Sequência de Bases , China , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar/química , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Hum Immunol ; 76(9): 663-6, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26416088

RESUMO

The inhibitory KIR3DL1 and the activating KIR3DS1 segregate as alleles of the same locus. KIR3DL1 is highly diversified at the allele level and KIR3DL1 alleles exhibit varied levels of expression and ligand binding affinity resulting in varied degrees of NK cell inhibition. Previous studies have shown that the KIR3DL1/3DS1 polymorphism associated with viral infection, cancer and transplantation. However, little is known about the population distribution of KIR3DL1/3DS1 alleles in Chinese. The present study examined allelic diversity of KIR3DL1/3DS1 in a southern Chinese population (N=306) using PCR-SSP and sequencing based typing. The presence of KIR3DL1 and KIR3DS1 were detected in 97.1% and 34.0% of the tested individuals respectively. A total of 10 KIR3DL1 alleles (including 2 novel ones) and 6 KIR3DS1 alleles (including 5 novel ones) were identified. Common KIR3DL1 alleles (>10%) were KIR3DL1*01502 (74.8%), KIR3DL1*00501 (23.9%) and KIR3DL1*00701 (15.7%). KIR3DS1*01301 was the predominant KIR3DS1 allele with other KIR3DS1 alleles only sporadically observed. The knowledge of the allelic polymorphism of KIR3DL1/3DS1 may help to better understand the role played by KIR3DL1/3DS1 in associated diseases and clinical transplantation in southern Chinese.


Assuntos
Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Variação Genética , Receptores KIR3DL1/genética , Receptores KIR3DS1/genética , China , Feminino , Haplótipos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 31(4): 511-4, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25119924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the genetic basis for a novel allele HLA-C*01:78. METHODS: Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood using a QIAGEN quick DNA extraction kit. The regions encompassing HLA-C from exon 1 to intron 3 and intron 3 to 3'UTR were amplified and cloned using a cloning sequencing kit in order to split the two alleles apart. Selected clones were sequenced to include exons 2 to 4. RESULTS: Sequencing results have indicated the HLA-C alleles of the proband to be a novel C*03:04 allele. The sequence has been submitted to GenBank (KF049216). BLAST analysis has confirmed the novel allele to have one nucleotide difference as C*01:03 at genomic nt316C>A (codon 82CGC>AGC) in exon 2, which has resulted in replacement of one amino acid (82R>S). CONCLUSION: The novel allele has been officially named as C*01:78 by the WHO Nomenclature Committee. The HLA allele type of the proband was therefore A*02:07, 24:02; B*40:01, 46:01; C*01:78, 03:04; DQB1*05:02, 05:02; DRB1*16:02, 16:02.


Assuntos
Antígenos HLA-C/genética , Leucemia/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Sequência de Bases , Éxons , Feminino , Humanos , Íntrons , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Hum Immunol ; 75(1): 59-64, 2014 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24055695

RESUMO

KIR and their HLA ligands are encoded by two of the most diverse gene families in the human genome. The function of KIR on the NK cell is highly dependent on the normal expression of class I HLA on the target cell. Previous population studies in southern Chinese have been focused on the KIR framework genes and genotypes but little is known about the compound profiles of KIR/HLA. The present study examined 503 unrelated individuals from southern Chinese Han population for the polymorphism of KIR and class I HLA genes. All 16 KIR genes were detected in the study population and the four framework genes KIR3DL2, 3DL3, 3DP1, and 2DL4 were present in all individuals. Thirty unique KIR gene profiles were found reflecting a rather limited number of KIR haplotypes in this population. KIRAA1 was the most common profile observed in 54.7% of the samples. Among the AA1 individuals, 15.6% were homozygous for the deleted KIR2DS4. Haplotype A (74.8%) was more common than haplotype B (25.2%). HLA-C1 was a much more common ligand for 2D KIRs than C2. Bw4-80I, Bw4-80T, and the Bw4-bearing HLA-A alleles were detected at similar frequencies. The matched KIR+HLA pairs 2DL2/3+C1 (98.1%), 3DL1+Bw4 (73.3%), 3DL2+A3/11 (60.0%) were the most common ones whereas 3DS1+Bw4-80I was the least common (9.4%). A total of 193 unique compound profiles of KIR-HLA were identified in 480 informative individuals, 130 of the profiles being detected only once. The study provided a comprehensive analysis of the KIR/HLA profiles in southern Chinese in regards of the presence/absence of KIR genes, HLA ligands, matched KIR+HLA pairs, and KIR/HLA compound profiles. The results could help to better understand the role played by KIR/HLA interaction in associated diseases and clinical transplantation in southern Chinese.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Antígenos HLA/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Receptores KIR/genética , China , Frequência do Gene , Genética Populacional , Haplótipos , Humanos , Ligantes , Família Multigênica
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 30(6): 697-700, 2013 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24327150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the status of HLA-DPA1 and DPB1 matching for unrelated donor-recipient pairs matched at high-resolution allele level for HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 loci. METHODS: A total of 76 unrelated donor-recipient pairs matching at allele level for HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 loci were subjected to HLA-DPA1 and DPB1 sequence-based typing (SBT). HLA-DPA1and DPB1 matching status at high-resolution allelic level was also analyzed. RESULTS: The allelic identity ratio for single HLA-DPA1 and DPB1 were 17.1% and 9.2%, respectively. HLA-DPA1 and DPB1 allelic identity ratio were both very low. The majority of unrelated donor-recipient pairs (73.7%) had an incompatibility at 1 HLA-DPA1 allele, 9.2% of pairs had an incompatibility at 2 DPA1 alleles. As for the high-polymorphic HLA-DPB1 gene, 57.9% of studied donor-recipient pairs had an incompatibility at 1 HLA-DPB1 allele, almost 1/3 (32.9%) of them were completely incompatible. When HLA-DPA1 and DPB1 genes were analyzed together, the donor-recipient pairs matched at 2/4 was the most common (51.4%), 4/4 allelic complete matched pairs accounted for 5.6%, and 0/4 matched pairs accounted for 8.3%. CONCLUSION: Our results indicated that the ratio of HLA-DPA1 and DPB1 complete match in the unrelated donor-recipient pairs matching at allelic level for HLA-A, B, C, DRB1 and DQB1 loci were very low. The effect of HLA-DPA1 and DPB1 matching status on clinical unrelated stem cell transplantation still needs to be elucidated.


Assuntos
Cadeias alfa de HLA-DP/genética , Cadeias beta de HLA-DP/genética , Cadeias beta de HLA-DQ/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Classe I/genética , Doadores não Relacionados , Alelos , Teste de Histocompatibilidade/métodos , Humanos , Transplante/métodos
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