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2.
Opt Express ; 27(15): 21029-21049, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510188

RESUMO

Multi-emitter localization has great potential for maximizing the imaging speed of super-resolution localization microscopy. However, the slow image analysis speed of reported multi-emitter localization algorithms limits their usage in mostly off-line image processing with small image size. Here we adopt the well-known divide and conquer strategy in computer science and present a fitting-based method called QC-STORM for fast multi-emitter localization. Using simulated and experimental data, we verify that QC-STORM is capable of providing real-time full image processing on raw images with 100 µm × 100 µm field of view and 10 ms exposure time, with comparable spatial resolution as the popular fitting-based ThunderSTORM and the up-to-date non-iterative WindSTORM. This study pushes the development and practical use of super-resolution localization microscopy in high-throughput or high-content imaging of cell-to-cell differences or discovering rare events in a large cell population.

3.
Hepatol Int ; 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31486964

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Surgical resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is potentially curative, but long-term survival remains unsatisfactory. There is currently no effective neoadjuvant or adjuvant therapy for HCC. We sought to evaluate the impact of preoperative transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) on long-term prognosis after surgical resection of huge HCCs (≥ 10 cm). METHODS: Using a multicenter database, consecutive patients who underwent curative-intent resection for huge HCC without macrovascular invasion between 2004 and 2014 were identified. The association between preoperative TACE with perioperative outcomes, long-term overall survival (OS), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) was assessed before and after propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: Among the 377 enrolled patients, 88 patients (23.3%) received preoperative TACE. The incidence of perioperative mortality and morbidity was comparable among patients who did and did not undergo preoperative TACE (3.4% vs. 2.4%, p= 0.704, and 33.0% vs. 31.1%, p= 0.749, respectively). PSM analysis created 84 matched pairs of patients. In examining the entire cohort as well as the PSM cohort, median OS (overall cohort: 32.8 vs. 22.3 months, p= 0.035, and PSM only: 32.8 vs. 18.1 months, p= 0.023, respectively) and RFS (12.9 vs. 6.4 months, p= 0.016, and 12.9 vs. 4.1 months, p= 0.009, respectively) were better among patients who underwent preoperative TACE vs. patients who did not. After adjustment for other confounding factors on multivariable analyses, preoperative TACE remained independently associated with a favorable OS and RFS after the resection of huge HCC. CONCLUSION: Preoperative TACE did not increase perioperative morbidity or mortality, yet was associated with an improved OS and RFS after liver resection of huge HCC (≥ 10 cm).

4.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31388886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines recommend surveillance in high-risk population to early detect hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), when curative treatment such as liver resection can be applied. However, it is largely unknown whether surveillance would provide long-term survival benefits to these high-risk patients who have received curative liver resection for HCC. METHODS: A prospectively maintained database on patients with chronic hepatitis B infection who underwent curative liver resection for HCC from 2003 to 2014 was reviewed. Patients' overall survival and recurrence were compared between the groups of patients whose HCCs were diagnosed by surveillance or non-surveillance, as well as between the groups of patients operated in the first (2003-2008) and second (2009-2014) 6-year periods. RESULTS: Of 1075 chronic hepatitis B patients with HCC, 452 (42.0%) patients were diagnosed by preoperative surveillance. Compared with the non-surveillance group, the OS and RFS rates were significantly better in the surveillance group (both P < 0.001). Surveillance was associated with a 55% decrease in the overall survival risk and a 48% decrease in the recurrence risk (HR 0.45, 95% CI 0.38-0.53, and HR 0.52, 95% CI 0.44-0.61). Compared with the first period, a significant reduction of 12% and 19% in the overall death and recurrence risks, respectively, was observed in the second period (HR 0.88, 95% CI 0.78-0.97, and HR 0.81, 95% CI 0.70-0.95). CONCLUSION: Surveillance for HCC was associated with favorable long-term overall and recurrence-free survival rates after curative liver resection of HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis B.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433292

RESUMO

Five yeast strains were isolated from rotting wood samples collected in the Xishuangbanna Tropical Rainforest, Yunnan Province, PR China. Phylogenetic analysis of the D1/D2 domains of the large subunit rRNA gene indicated that these strains represent two novel species of the genus Kazachstania. Kazachstania jinghongensis sp. nov. produces one to two spherical ascospores per ascus, and is most closely related to Kazachstania lodderae and Kazachstania spencerorum. Kazachstania jinghongensis sp. nov. differed from the type strains of the two latter species by 13-24 substitutions in the D1/D2 domains and by 39-56 substitutions in the ITS regions. Kazachstania menglunensis f.a., sp. nov. is a member of the Kazachstania jiainica subclade, but the formation of ascospores was not observed on various sporulation media. Kazachstania menglunensis sp. nov. differed from other members of the subclade by 23-26 substitutions in the D1/D2 domains and by more than 67 substitutions in the ITS regions. The holotype of Kazachstania jinghongensis sp. nov. is NYNU 17944 (CBS 15232) and the holotype of Kazachstania menglunensis sp. nov. is NYNU 18913 (CBS 16054).

6.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-121, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446820

RESUMO

Objective: Only a small number of reports have been made on the prenatal ultrasound findings observed in 1p36 deletion syndrome. We explored prenatal diagnosis of 1p36 deletion by ultrasound as well as chromosomal microarray (CMA), and delineated the fetal presentation of this syndrome. Study design: This was a retrospective analysis of ten new prenatal cases of 1p36 deletion identified by CMA at a single Chinese medical center. Clinical data were reviewed for these cases, including maternal demographics, indications for invasive testing, sonographic findings, CMA results and pregnancy outcomes. Results: One case was diagnosed because of a positive cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing result for terminal 1p deletion, and the remaining nine cases were identified because of an abnormal ultrasound findings, including early miscarriage, structural abnormalities and fetal growth restriction. CMA revealed 1p36 deletions to be terminal in six cases, and interstitial in four cases. Deletion sizes ranged from 1.7 to 42.7 Mb. Conclusions: Prenatal findings such as cardiac malformations, especially Ebstein anomaly, and fetal growth retardation should warrant the diagnosis of 1p36 deletion and invasive genetic testing using CMA.

10.
Int J Cancer ; 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361910

RESUMO

More than two-thirds of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cannot receive curative therapy and have poor survival due to late diagnosis and few prognostic directions. In our study, nontargeted and targeted metabolomics analyses were conducted by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to characterize metabolic features of HCC and identify diagnostic and prognostic biomarker candidate incorporating liver tissue and serum metabolites. A total of 552 subjects, including 432 with liver tissue and 120 with serum specimens, were recruited in China. In the discovery cohort, a series of 138 metabolites were identified to discriminate HCC tissues from matched nontumor tissues. Retinol presented with the highest area under the curve (AUC) of 0.991 and associated with Edmondson grade. In the validation cohort, all metabolites in retinol metabolism pathway were examined and the levels of retinol and retinal in tumor tissue and serum decreased in the order of normal to cirrhosis to HCC of Edmondson Grades I to IV. Retinol and retinal levels could also differentiate between HCC and cirrhosis, with AUCs of 0.996 and 0.994, respectively, in tissue and 0.812 and 0.744, respectively, in serum. The AUC of the combined retinol and retinal panel in serum was 0.852. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression identified this panel as an independent predictor for HCC and showed that low expression of retinol and retinal correlated with decreased survival time. In conclusion, the retinol metabolic signature had considerable diagnostic and prognostic value for identifying HCC patients who would benefit from prompt therapy and optimal prognostic direction.

11.
J Struct Biol ; 207(2): 115-122, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31153927

RESUMO

A single biomineralization of demineralized dentin is significant to restore the demineralized dentin due to dental caries or erosion. In recent years, meaningful progress has been made regarding the mechanisms involved in the biomineralization of dentin collagen. Concepts changing from the classical ion-based crystallization to non-classical particle-based crystallization, inspired a different strategy to infiltrate the demineralized dentin collagen. The remarkable discovery was the report of liquid-like amorphous calcium phosphate as nanoprecursor particles to carbonated hydroxyapatite. The non-collagenous proteins and their analogues are widely investigated, for their key role in controlling mineralization during the process of crystal nucleation and growth. The in-depth studies of the gap zone provided significant improvements in our understanding of the structure of collagen and of the intrafibrillar remineralization of collagen fibrils. The collagen is not a passive substrate as previously supposed, and the active role of guiding nanoprecursor infiltration and mediating its nucleation has been demonstrated. Furthermore, recovery of mechanical properties has been evaluated to determine the effectiveness of dentin remineralization. Finally, the problems regarding the origin formation of the calcium phosphate that is deposited in the collagen, and the exact interactions between the non-collagenous proteins, amorphous calcium phosphate and collagen are still unclear. We reviewed the importance of these findings in enriching our understanding of dentin biomineralization, while addressing certain limitations that are inherent to in vitro studies.

12.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(1): 1311-1320, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31148956

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between IL-18 polymorphisms and Tuberculosis(TB). Materials and methods: We searched PubMed and Embase databases, and conducted a meta-analysis using 4 models. Data were extracted from the studies by two independent reviewers. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA 12.0 software. Results: Five qualified studies with a total of 1293 TB patients and 1724 controls were included. There was no significant association between the IL-18 -607C>A polymorphism and TB risk in the total population(AA vs CC: OR=1.27,95% CI=0.82-1.96;-CA vs CC:OR=1.06,95% CI=0.89-1.26; Dominant model: OR =1.09, 95% CI =0.83-1.43; Recessive model:OR=1.23, 95% CI=0.92-1.65). For IL-18 -137G>C polymorphism, lack of an association was also found(GG vs CC: OR=1.42,95% CI=0.78-2.58;GC vs CC:OR=1.16,95% CI=0.62-2.16; Dominant model: OR =1.34,95% CI=0.74-2.43;Recessive model:OR=0.96,95%-CI=0.26-3.56). Conclusion: The present meta-analysis found no evidence for IL-18 -607C>A and -137G>C polymorphisms as risk factors for TB. Further large-scale and well-designed articles are still needed to validate this result.

13.
J Nephrol ; 2019 Jun 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31243735

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cardiac surgery-associated acute kidney injury (CSA-AKI), one of the most severe complications in patients with cardiac surgery, is associated with considerable morbidity, mortality and high costs thus placing a heavy burden to society. Therefore, we aimed to build a predictive model based on preoperative features in order to early recognize and intervene for patients with high risk of CSA-AKI. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, baseline perioperative hospitalization information of patients who underwent cardiac surgery from October 2012 to October 2017 were screened. After multivariate logistic regression, identified independent predictive factors associated with CSA-AKI were incorporated into the nomogram and the discriminative ability and predictive accuracy of the model was assessed by concordance index (C-Index). Additionally, internal validation was performed by using bootstrapping technology with 1000 resamples to reduce the over-fit bias. RESULTS: In all 4395 patients with cardiac surgery October 2012-October 2017, no patients were excluded for the continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) before surgery while 2495 patients were excluded due to only one or less than one Scr assay post-surgery. In the end, a total of 1900 patients were enrolled in the study, of which 698 patients (74.89%) developed AKI stage 1, 158 (16.96%) AKI stage 2 and 76 (8.15%) AKI stage 3. After multivariate logistic regression, age, perioperative estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), prothrombin time (PT), with a history of surgery, transfusion, cardiac arrhythmia, coronary heart disease (CHD), or chronic kidney disease (CKD), using calcium channel blocker (CCB), proton pump inhibitors (PPI), non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), antibiotic or statin before surgery were predictive factors of CSA-AKI. In addition, the nomogram demonstrated a good accuracy in estimating CSA-AKI, with an C-Index and a bootstrap-corrected one of 0.796 (SD = 0.018, 95% CI 0.795-0.797) and 0.789 (SD = 0.015, 95% CI 0.788-0.790), respectively. Moreover, calibration plots showed an optimal consistency with the actual presence of CSA-AKI. CONCLUSION: The novel predictive nomogram achieved a good preoperative prediction of CSA-AKI within the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) criteria. Though the model, the risk of an individual patient with "subclinical AKI" undergoing cardiac surgery could be determined earlier and such application was helpful for timely intervention in order to improve patient's prognosis.

14.
Oncologist ; 24(8): e730-e739, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The long-term prognosis after liver resection for multinodular (≥3 nodules) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is generally considered to be unfavorable. However, the role of liver resection for binodular HCC is less investigated. SUBJECTS, MATERIALS, AND METHODS: From a multicenter database, consecutive patients who underwent curative-intent liver resection for binodular HCC and without macrovascular invasion between 2003 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients' clinical variables as well as perioperative and long-term survival outcomes were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable analyses were performed to identify the risk factors associated with overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) after curative resection. RESULTS: Of 263 enrolled patients, the perioperative 30-day mortality and morbidity rates were 1.5% and 28.5%. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS and RFS rates were 81.5%, 52.4%, and 39.1% and 57.1%, 35.8%, and 26.6%, respectively. Multivariable Cox-regression analyses identified preoperative alpha-fetoprotein level >400 µg/L, tumor size with a sum of two nodules >8 cm, tumor size ratio of large/small nodule >1.5 (asymmetrical proportion), unilateral hemiliver distribution of two nodules, distance of ≤3 cm between two nodules, and microvascular invasion in any nodule as independent risk factors associated with decreased OS and RFS. CONCLUSION: Liver resection was safe and feasible in patients with binodular HCC, with acceptable perioperative and long-term outcomes. Sum of two tumor sizes, size ratio and distribution, and distance between two nodules were independent risk factors associated with long-term survival outcomes after surgery. These results may guide clinicians to make individualized surgical decisions and estimate long-term prognosis for these patients. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Liver resection was safe and feasible in patients with binodular hepatocellular carcinoma, with acceptable perioperative and long-term outcomes. The sum of two tumor sizes, the size ratio and distribution of the two nodules, and the distance between two nodules were independent risk factors associated with long-term overall survival and recurrence-free survival after liver resection. The results of this study may guide clinicians to make individualized surgical decisions, estimate long-term prognosis, and plan recurrence surveillance and adjuvant therapy for these patients.

16.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-5, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31018788

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing could replace an invasive procedure in pregnancies with isolated fetal omphalocele. STUDY DESIGN: This was a retrospective study of all pregnancies with sonographically detected fetal omphalocele at three tertiary referral centers between 2012 and 2016. Invasive diagnostic testing was performed for genetic investigations using conventional karyotyping or chromosomal microarray. cfDNA testing was assumed to be offered to patients with isolated fetal omphalocele for screening for common aneuploidies. RESULTS: Invasive genetic testing was performed in a total of 107 pregnancies with a fetal omphalocele. Abnormal karyotype was found in 66% (31/47) of nonisolated omphalocele cases and in 1.7% (1/60) of isolated omphalocele cases. No pathogenic copy number variations (CNVs) were detected in 59 cases with isolated omphalocele and normal karyotype. If cfDNA screening was used in cases with isolated omphalocele, the affected fetus with trisomy 18 would be detected, and no rare chromosomal aberrations or submicroscopic pathogenic CNVs would be missed. CONCLUSIONS: cfDNA testing could be recommended for prenatal genetic evaluation in pregnancies with isolated fetal omphalocele after thorough pretest counseling. Key Message: A very low percentage of aneuploidies and rare chromosomal/subchromosomal abnormalities are found in prenatal cases of isolated omphalocele. It seems that for pregnancies with isolated omphalocele, cfDNA testing represents an alternative for patients who choose to continue the pregnancies and are reluctant to undertake invasive diagnostic testing.

17.
Fetal Pediatr Pathol ; 38(4): 335-339, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30912683

RESUMO

Introduction: Congenital diaphragmatic eventration (CDE) is defined as the abnormal elevation of the diaphragm, due to incomplete muscularization of the diaphragm with a thin membranous sheet replacing normal diaphragmatic muscle. Case report: We report a prenatal case with a diaphragmatic mesothelial cyst combined with CDE. Conclusion: A large cystic mass between the thoracic wall and the liver in early pregnancy is highly suggestive of cystic diaphragm.

19.
Lancet Oncol ; 20(4): 591-600, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30880070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Identification of high-risk localised renal cell carcinoma is key for the selection of patients for adjuvant treatment who are at truly higher risk of reccurrence. We developed a classifier based on single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) to improve the predictive accuracy for renal cell carcinoma recurrence and investigated whether intratumour heterogeneity affected the precision of the classifier. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis and multicentre validation study, we used paraffin-embedded specimens from the training set of 227 patients from Sun Yat-sen University (Guangzhou, Guangdong, China) with localised clear cell renal cell carcinoma to examine 44 potential recurrence-associated SNPs, which were identified by exploratory bioinformatics analyses of a genome-wide association study from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) Kidney Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma (KIRC) dataset (n=114, 906 600 SNPs). We developed a six-SNP-based classifier by use of LASSO Cox regression, based on the association between SNP status and patients' recurrence-free survival. Intratumour heterogeneity was investigated from two other regions within the same tumours in the training set. The six-SNP-based classifier was validated in the internal testing set (n=226), the independent validation set (Chinese multicentre study; 428 patients treated between Jan 1, 2004 and Dec 31, 2012, at three hospitals in China), and TCGA set (441 retrospectively identified patients who underwent resection between 1998 and 2010 for localised clear cell renal cell carcinoma in the USA). The main outcome was recurrence-free survival; the secondary outcome was overall survival. FINDINGS: Although intratumour heterogeneity was found in 48 (23%) of 206 cases in the internal testing set with complete SNP information, the predictive accuracy of the six-SNP-based classifier was similar in the three different regions of the training set (areas under the curve [AUC] at 5 years: 0·749 [95% CI 0·660-0·826] in region 1, 0·734 [0·651-0·814] in region 2, and 0·736 [0·649-0·824] in region 3). The six-SNP-based classifier precisely predicted recurrence-free survival of patients in three validation sets (hazard ratio [HR] 5·32 [95% CI 2·81-10·07] in the internal testing set, 5·39 [3·38-8·59] in the independent validation set, and 4·62 [2·48-8·61] in the TCGA set; all p<0·0001), independently of patient age or sex and tumour stage, grade, or necrosis. The classifier and the clinicopathological risk factors (tumour stage, grade, and necrosis) were combined to construct a nomogram, which had a predictive accuracy significantly higher than that of each variable alone (AUC at 5 years 0·811 [95% CI 0·756-0·861]). INTERPRETATION: Our six-SNP-based classifier could be a practical and reliable predictor that can complement the existing staging system for prediction of localised renal cell carcinoma recurrence after surgery, which might enable physicians to make more informed treatment decisions about adjuvant therapy. Intratumour heterogeneity does not seem to hamper the accuracy of the six-SNP-based classifier as a reliable predictor of recurrence. The classifier has the potential to guide treatment decisions for patients at differing risks of recurrence. FUNDING: National Key Research and Development Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Guangdong Provincial Science and Technology Foundation of China, and Guangzhou Science and Technology Foundation of China.

20.
J Int Med Res ; 47(3): 1210-1220, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30727780

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma is reportedly a rare but emerging type of lymphoma in adolescents. The present study was performed to specify its imaging characteristics. METHODS: Our hospital's picture archiving and communication systems were searched from January 2009 to December 2016. We identified 13 patients aged <18 years with pathologically confirmed extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma in the head and neck region. The computed tomography and magnetic resonance images were reviewed to summarize the imaging characteristics of extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma in adolescents. RESULTS: The mean age at onset was 15.2 ± 1.46 years (range, 12-17 years) with a male:female ratio of 1.17:1.00. Most of the patients (n = 10) displayed nasal cavity and/or paranasal involvement. The tumor was homogeneous in both computed tomography and magnetic resonance images and showed slight enhancement. No calcification or liquefactive necrosis was observed. Adjacent structures were usually involved. CONCLUSION: Suggestive imaging characteristics could acquaint specialists with extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma in adolescents, facilitating improved early recognition of the diagnosis and helping to improve the patient's outcome.


Assuntos
Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfoma Extranodal de Células T-NK/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico
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