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1.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(5): 4445-4462, 2020 03 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32155132

RESUMO

Forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii, FMD) is an endangered artiodactyl species, male FMD produce musk. We have sequenced the whole genome of FMD, completed the genomic assembly and annotation, and performed bioinformatic analyses. Our results showed that microsatellites (SSRs) displayed nonrandomly distribution in genomic regions, and SSR abundances were much higher in the intronic and intergenic regions compared to other genomic regions. Tri- and hexanucleotide perfect (P) SSRs predominated in coding regions (CDSs), whereas, tetra- and pentanucleotide P-SSRs were less abundant. Trifold P-SSRs had more GC-contents in the 5'-untranslated regions (5'UTRs) and CDSs than other genomic regions, whereas mononucleotide P-SSRs had the least GC-contents. The repeat copy numbers (RCN) of the same mono- to hexanucleotide P-SSRs had different distributions in different genomic regions. The RCN of trinucleotide P-SSRs had increased significantly in the CDSs compared to the transposable elements (TEs), intronic and intergenic regions. The analysis of coefficient of variability (CV) of P-SSRs showed that the RCN of mononucleotide P-SSRs had relative higher variation in different genomic regions, followed by the CV pattern of RCN: dinucleotide P-SSRs > trinucleotide P-SSRs > tetranucleotide P-SSRs > pentanucleotide P-SSRs > hexanucleotide P-SSRs. The CV variations of RCN of the same mono- to hexanucleotide P-SSRs were relative higher in the intron and intergenic regions, followed by that in the TEs, and the relative lower was in the 5'UTR, CDSs and 3'UTRs. 58 novel polymorphic SSR loci were detected based on genotyping DNA from 36 captive FMD and 22 SSR markers finally showed polymorphism, stability, and repetition.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 40(22): 4319-23, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27097400

RESUMO

Forest musk deer is one of the large-scale farming musk deer animals with the largest population at the same time. The male musk deer can secrete valuable medicines, which has high medicinal and economic value. Due to the loss of habitat and indiscriminate hunting, the numbers of wild population specie and the distribution have been drastically reduced. Therefore, in-depth understanding of the molecular genetics progress of forest musk deer will pave a way for musk deer protection and breeding. In this review, the progress associated with the molecular marker, genetic classification, artificial breeding, musk secretion and disease in past decades were reviewed, in order to provide a theoretical basis for subsequent molecular genetic researches in forest musk deer.


Assuntos
Cervos/genética , Animais , Cruzamento , Cervos/classificação , Cervos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cervos/metabolismo , Ecossistema , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/química , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/metabolismo , Feminino , Masculino
3.
Yi Chuan ; 33(4): 358-64, 2011 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21482526

RESUMO

Calpastatin (CAST) gene is closely related with meat quality in livestock and poultry. Based on the bovine and ovine mRNA sequences, the cDNA of CAST Ⅱ gene in goat was amplified successfully for the first time by using RACE-PCR. Results showed that CAST Ⅱ of goat was 2474 bp in length with an open reading frame (ORF) 1695 bp long and encoded 564 amino acids, and there were four conserved domains and one conserved seven-peptide domain in amino acids sequences. Bioinformation analysis indicated that its secondary structures mainly were random coil and helical regions, and contained rich hydrophobic regions, certain phosphorylation sites, and protein kinase C (PKC) sites. Meanwhile, analysis of tissue expression of the gene in Tianfu meat goat demonstrated it was expressed in seven selected tissues. When the goat was of 6-month age, the highest expression was observed in longissimusdorsi, which was significantly higher than that of crureus (P<0.05) and other internal organ tissues (P<0.01).Furthermore, the expression of CAST II increased with the rise of the age and became the highest when the goat was at three-year age.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Cabras/genética , Fatores Etários , Animais , Clonagem Molecular , DNA Complementar/química , RNA Mensageiro/análise
4.
Mol Biol Rep ; 38(6): 3665-70, 2011 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21104131

RESUMO

Calpastatin (CAST) is an important gene for meat quality traits in livestock and poultry. The cDNA of caprine CAST gene was amplified for the first time using RACE-PCR. Results showed the full-length cDNA of caprine CAST gene (Accession no. GU944861) was 2435 base pair (bp) and contained a 2187 bp open reading frame encoding a protein with 728 amino acid residues. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that caprine CAST cDNA was 89.8-95.4, 83.5-92.2, 72.8-81.8 and 69.8-73.5% identical to sheep, cattle, pig and human CAST cDNA. It was predicted that caprine CAST contained four conserved domains with 42 serine phosphorylation loci, 18 threonine phosphorylation loci, 1 tyrosine phosphorylation locus and 5 specific PKC phosphorylation loci. This work provided an important experimental basis for further research on the function of CAST in goat.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Cabras/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/química , Bovinos , Clonagem Molecular , Sequência Conservada/genética , Humanos , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Família Multigênica , Peptídeos/química , Filogenia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Especificidade da Espécie
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