Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 14 de 14
Filtrar
1.
Retrovirology ; 18(1): 22, 2021 08 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399785

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CRF55_01B is a newly identified HIV-1 circulating recombinant form originated from MSM in China. However, its impact on the disease progression and transmission risk has not been investigated. This study aimed to determine the impact of CRF55_01B infection on viral dynamics and immunological status so as to provide scientific evidence for further control and prevention effort on CRF55_01B. Linear mixed effect models were applied to evaluate CD4 cell count decline and viral load increase by subtype. RESULTS: Of the 3418 blood samples, 1446 (42.3%) were CRF07_BC, 1169 (34.2%) CRF01_AE, 467 (13.7%) CRF55_01B, 249 (7.3%) type B, and 87 (2.5%) other subtypes (CRF_08BC, CRF_01B, C). CRF55_01B had become the third predominant strain since 2012 in Shenzhen, China. CRF55_01B-infected MSM showed lower median of CD4 count than CRF07_BC-infected MSM (349.5 [IQR, 250.2-474.8] vs. 370.0 [IQR, 278.0-501.0], P < 0.05). CRF55_01B infection was associated with slower loss of CD4 count than CRF01_AE (13.6 vs. 23.3 [cells/µl]¹/²/year, P < 0.05)among MSM with initial CD4 count of 200-350 cells/µl. On the other hand, those infected with CRF55_01B showed higher median plasma HIV RNA load (5.4 [IQR, 5.0-5.9]) than both CRF01_AE (5.3 [IQR, 4.8-5.7], P < 0.05) and CRF07_BC (5.0 log10 [IQR, 4.5-5.5], P < 0.001) at the initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Furthermore, the annual increasing rate of viral load for CRF55_01B infection was significantly higher than that of CRF07_BC (2.0 vs. 0.7 log10 copies/ml/year, P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The relatively lower CD4 count and faster increase of plasma HIV RNA load of CRF55_01B-infected MSM without antiretroviral therapy suggest that CRF55_01B may lead to longer asymptomatic phase and higher risk of HIV transmission. Strengthened surveillance, tailored prevention strategies and interventions, and in-depth research focusing on CRF55_01B are urgently needed to forestall potential epidemic.

2.
mSphere ; 6(3)2021 05 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33952659

RESUMO

Altered gut virome and expanded abundance of certain viruses were found in HIV-1-infected individuals. It remains largely unknown how plasma virus composition changes during HIV-1 infection and antiretroviral therapy (ART). We performed viral metagenomic analysis on viral particles enriched from human plasma from 101 men who have sex with men (MSM) with or without HIV-1 infection and whether or not on ART and compared the differences in the plasma virome. An increased plasma viral abundance of main eukaryotic viruses was observed during HIV-1 infection in MSM, especially in AIDS patients (CD4+ T cell counts of <200). Anellovirus, pegivirus and hepatitis B virus (HBV) were the most abundant blood-borne viruses detected among MSM and HIV-1-infected individuals, and anellovirus and pegivirus were closely related to HIV-1 infection. High diversity of anelloviruses was found mostly in HIV-1-infected MSM, and their abundance was positively correlated with the HIV-1 viral load, but negatively correlated with both CD4+ T cell counts and CD4+/CD8+ ratio; in contrast, the abundance of pegivirus showed opposite correlations. ART usage could restore the plasma virome toward that of HIV-1-negative individuals. These data showed an expansion in abundance of certain viruses during HIV-1 infection, indicating the higher risk of shedding some blood-borne viruses in these individuals. These investigations indicate that both anellovirus and pegivirus may play certain roles in HIV disease progression.IMPORTANCE Though an increasing number of studies have indicated the existence of an interaction between the virome and human health or disease, the specific role of these plasma viral components remains largely unsolved. We provide evidence here that an altered plasma virome profile is associated with different immune status of HIV-1 infection. Specific resident viruses, such as anellovirus and pegivirus, may directly or indirectly participate in the disease progression of HIV-1 infection. These results can help to determine their clinical relevance and design potential therapies.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/sangue , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/genética , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Viroma/genética , Adulto , Infecções por HIV/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Metagenômica/métodos , Carga Viral/estatística & dados numéricos , Viroma/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
PLoS One ; 16(5): e0251929, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015057

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the trends of HIV/syphilis/HSV-2 seropositive rate and explore the related factors with HSV-2 infection to provide the basis for adjusting STD intervention strategies and formulating prevention and control measures among MSM in Shenzhen. METHODS: Time-location sampling was conducted among MSM in Shenzhen in 2012, 2014, 2016, and 2018. Data on demographics, sexual behaviors and the laboratory test results of HIV, syphilis, HSV-2 were collected. The χ2 trend test was used to analyze the trends of HIV/syphilis/HSV-2 seropositive rate. The binary logistic regression model was used to explore the factors associated with HSV-2 infection. RESULTS: The seropositive rate of HIV fell significantly from 15.9% in 2012 to 8.7% in 2018 (Ptrend = 0.003), syphilis seropositive rate was significantly decreased from 20.4% in 2012 to 14.8% in 2018 (Ptrend = 0.025), HSV-2 seropositive rate had no significant change (16.7% in 2012 to 14.0% in 2018; Ptrend = 0.617). In principal component logistic regression analysis showed that FAC1_1 (X1 = Ever had sex with female, X2 = Gender of first sexual partner, X3 = Marital status, X4 = Age group), FAC2_1 (X5 = Education, X6 = Monthly income (RMB), X7 = Frequency of condom use in anal sex with men in the past 6 months), and FAC4_1 (X9 = History of STDs) were significantly associated with HSV-2 infection. CONCLUSIONS: The seropositive rates of HIV and syphilis have dropped significantly but are still high. HSV-2 seropositive rate had no significant change and maintained a high level. It is necessary to continue strengthening HIV and syphilis interventions among MSM in Shenzhen. HSV-2 detection and intervention are urgently required for MSM, which might be another effective biological strategy further to control the HIV epidemic among MSM in Shenzhen.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Herpes Simples/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/epidemiologia , Coinfecção/microbiologia , Coinfecção/virologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/microbiologia , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Herpes Simples/complicações , Herpes Simples/microbiologia , Herpes Simples/virologia , Herpesvirus Humano 2/patogenicidade , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Sexo Seguro , Comportamento Sexual , Sífilis/complicações , Sífilis/microbiologia , Sífilis/virologia
4.
J Infect ; 83(1): 76-83, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33932447

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Shenzhen is suffering severe HIV epidemic. No systematic surveillance on high risk populations, HIV genetic diversity, transmitted drug resistance (TDR) and molecular transmission clusters (MTCs) have been reported yet. In this study, we described them based on newly diagnosed HIV positive cases from 2011 to 2018 in Shenzhen city, China. METHODS: Plasma samples of newly reported HIV positive cases in Shenzhen, China were collected from 2011 to 2018. The HIV pol gene was amplified and sequenced for subtyping, genetic characterization, TDR and phylogenetic analysis. Demographic and risk characteristics associated with transmitted drug resistance-associated mutations (TDRAMs) and MTCs were explored by using logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: 10,378 HIV pol sequences were successfully obtained from newly diagnosed patients with available background information. The most prevalent HIV-1 subtype was CRF07_BC (40.92%). CRF07_BC, CRF55_01B and URFs increased across years. Total TDR was 6.02% during 2011 to 2018. CRF01_AE, CRF08_BC, CRF55_01B and subtype B were more likely to be associated with TDRAMs than CRF07_BC. 4460 (42.98%) patients were infected with strains included in MTCs. Patients younger than 30 and over 50 years were more likely to cluster. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of HIV-1 drug resistance and molecular transmission clusters in Shenzhen should raise a high alert. Interventions targeting on patients with strains locating in MTCs should be considered to improve prevention effect in Shenzhen.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , HIV-1 , China/epidemiologia , Farmacorresistência Viral/genética , Genes pol , Genótipo , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , HIV-1/genética , Humanos , Filogenia
5.
J Med Virol ; 93(11): 6383-6387, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33448453

RESUMO

The CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC clades dominate the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemics in China. Both clades have been identified in the men who have sex with men (MSM) population in Guangdong province, raising a serious concern of possible complex recombination events ahead. Here, we report the first case of CRF01_AE/CRF07_BC recombinant sampled from a MSM patient in southern China. The genomic structure of this case is a mosaic with some regions resembling the CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC clades. Our phylogenetic analyses show that the two parental lineages of this recombinant virus were mainly found in the MSM population. This case has a different genomic composition compared with other recombinants descended from the same parental clades CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC. Our finding suggests that the MSM populations have become a hotspot for expanding viral diversity through the viral recombination mechanism. Therefore, further epidemiologic surveillance and monitoring should be conducted within the MSM populations to help advance our knowledge of viral transmission mechanisms. Additionally, these measures will serve to enhance the control and prevention of HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in China.

6.
Emerg Microbes Infect ; 9(1): 2368-2378, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33151135

RESUMO

Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression. The viral RNA level in recurrent-positive patients ranged from 1.8 to 5.7 log10 copies/mL (median: 3.2), which was significantly lower than the corresponding values at disease onset. There are generally no significant differences in antibody levels between recurrent-positive and non-recurrent-positive patients, or in recurrent-positive patients over time (before, during, or after recurrent-positive detection). Virus isolation of nine representative specimens returned negative results. Whole genome sequencing of six specimens yielded only genomic fragments. 96 close contacts and 1,200 candidate contacts of 23 recurrent-positive patients showed no clinical symptoms; their viral RNA (1,296/1,296) and antibody (20/20) tests were negative. After full recovery (no longer/never recurrent-positive), 60% (98/162) patients had neutralizing antibody titers of ≥1:32. Our findings suggested that an intermittent, non-stable excretion of low-level viral RNA may result in recurrent-positive occurrence, rather than re-infection. Recurrent-positive patients pose a low transmission risk, a relatively relaxed management of recovered COVID-19 patients is recommended.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , RNA Viral/análise , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , COVID-19 , Teste para COVID-19 , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Genoma Viral/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Recidiva , SARS-CoV-2 , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma , Adulto Jovem
8.
Virol J ; 16(1): 83, 2019 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31228958

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Shenzhen City is a rapidly growing area with a large number of floating populations, thus making it difficult to control HIV. Serial cross-sectional studies are helpful for the prediction of epidemiological tendency. In this study, two parallel cross-sectional studies were compared to explore changes in HIV epidemiology in Shenzhen, China. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty newly reported HIV-positive cases were randomly selected in Shenzhen City in 2013 and 2015. Socio-demographical information was collected with informed consent. Full-length gag and partial pol genes were amplified using nested RT-PCR followed by sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. The genotypes of anti-HIV drug resistance were also analyzed. The characteristics of the HIV epidemics of 2013 and 2015 were compared to identify patterns. RESULTS: The proportion of single, young MSMs dramatically increased in 2015 compared to 2013. Many subtypes, including CRF07_BC (36.4%), CRF01_AE (34.1%), CRF55_01B (10.2%), B (6.4%), CRF08_BC (3.4%), CRF59_01B (0.9%), C (0.7%), D (0.2%), CRF68_01B (0.2%), CRF67_01B (0.2%), and unique recombinant forms (URFs, 7.3%), were identified. Close phylogenetic relationships between strains prevalent in Shenzhen and other areas of China was observed. No epidemic cluster confined to single, young MSMs was identified. 0.4 and 2.8% of the strains contained transmitted drug-resistant mutations in 2013 and 2015, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although the interval period is short, changes in HIV epidemiology in Shenzhen City are distinct. Frequent surveillance of HIV epidemics in Shenzhen City is thus necessary. Single, young MSMs have become a high-risk population for HIV infection and should be considered as focus population for HIV prevention and behavior intervention in Shenzhen City.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , HIV-1/genética , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Farmacorresistência Viral , Genes gag/genética , Genes pol/genética , Genótipo , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , RNA Viral/genética , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Adulto Jovem
9.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses ; 33(1): 82-86, 2017 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27460636

RESUMO

Most HIV subtypes prevalent in China can be found in Shenzhen, including CRF07_BC, CRF01_AE, CRF08_BC, CRF55_01B, and subtype B. Multiple subtypes spreading in the same population always lead to the emergence of unique recombinant strains. Here, we report two unique recombinant forms (SZ44LS7251 and SZ95LS8027) of HIV-1 identified in a heterosexual population. Recombinant analyses were fulfilled based on the near full-length genomes. Both strains comprise subtypes B, C, and CRF01_AE. Phylogenetic analysis reveals that SZ44LS7251 is the second generation recombination originated from CRF55_01B andCRF07_BC, whereas SZ95LS8027 comprises CRF01_AE and CRF07_BC.The emergence of second generation recombination of HIV with complicated genomic structures supposed that high ratio of super infections or coinfections might happen in the Shenzhen area.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral , Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/classificação , HIV-1/genética , Recombinação Genética , Adulto , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Evolução Molecular , Feminino , Genótipo , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Filogenia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
10.
Sci Rep ; 6: 28703, 2016 06 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27352965

RESUMO

HIV-1 epidemics among MSM are a major public health concern in China, especially in large cities. This study sought to better understand the dynamics of HIV molecular epidemiology among MSM in Shenzhen, a rapidly developing city with over 13.8 million people. HIV-1 pol sequences were obtained from 996 (53.5%) of 1862 HIV-infected MSM and 403(9.0%) of 4498 heterosexuals and injection drug users in Shenzhen, China from 2005-2012. Eight HIV-1 subtypes and some inter-subtype recombinants were identified among sampled MSM with CRF07_BC (39.1%) and CRF01_AE (35.1%) being the most predominant. From 2006 to 2012, the prevalence of CRF07_BC and CRF55_01B rapidly increased, while the prevalence of subtypes B and CRF01_AE gradually decreased. The genetic distances within CRF07_BC and CRF55_01B groups were significantly lower than within CRF01_AE and B groups. The vast majority (90.3%) of HIV-1 infected MSM in Shenzhen were migrants who came from 31 of the 34 provinces of China, and these migrants had significantly different HIV-1 subtype distributions from the local MSM. This study highlighted the importance of CRF07_BC and migrants in the changing HIV epidemic among MSM in China, and provides a molecular epidemiology framework for understanding how HIV-1 epidemics can change in large cities with diverse risk groups.


Assuntos
Soropositividade para HIV/epidemiologia , Soropositividade para HIV/genética , HIV-1/genética , Homossexualidade Masculina , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Produtos do Gene pol do Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino
11.
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses ; 31(5): 559-63, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25748656

RESUMO

Multiple subtypes were found to be epidemic in the Shenzhen men who have sex with men (MSM) population, which always predicts the emergence of a unique recombinant. In 2012, CRF55_01B was first reported, which later was proven to have originated in MSM in Shenzhen city. In this study, we reported a unique recombinant form (URF) of HIV-1 identified in a man who has had sex with men in Shenzhen city. The strain showed a genomic schematic map similar to CRF55_01B with subtype C segments inserted in the gag and pol genes. The full-length genome was amplified in two halves with 1-kb overlap regions. The PCR products were cloned and sequenced. A recombination detection program showed that two subtype C fragments and two subtype B fragments were inserted into the CRF01_AE backbone genome in the gag and pol regions. In the phylogenetic tree, the subtype C fragments clustered with CRF07_BC variants and the other segments grouped with CRF55_01B strains except for one segment that clustered with CRF01_AE. Similar breakpoints between our strain and CRF65_cpx were also observed. The data suggested that the URF strain might be the recombinant form of CRF55_01B, CRF01_AE, and CRF07_BC. This is the first report of a third generation of recombination of HIV-1 that originated from CRF55_01B in China. The identification of the URF indicated the severity of the HIV epidemic in Shenzhen MSM and the urgent need for epidemiological surveillance of the new recombination.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/virologia , HIV-1/classificação , HIV-1/genética , RNA Viral/genética , China/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Ordem dos Genes , Genes Virais , Genoma Viral , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , HIV-1/isolamento & purificação , Homossexualidade Masculina , Humanos , Masculino , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Mutagênese Insercional , Filogenia , Recombinação Genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico , Adulto Jovem
13.
Arch Sex Behav ; 43(4): 801-9, 2014 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23982566

RESUMO

The prevalence of HIV infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) has increased rapidly in China. Previous studies suggested that some venue-specific characteristics could significantly affect MSM's sexual behaviors that were related to HIV transmission. Thus, to compare the HIV infection rates and related risky sexual behaviors among MSM at different venues, we conducted a cross-sectional study with time-location sampling in Shenzhen, China. Among the 801 MSM recruited in the study, 7.0 % (n = 56) were found to be HIV positive, with 0.9 % of MSM at bars (BMSM), 3.5 % of MSM at suburban recreational centers (RMSM), 8.1 % of MSM at saunas (SMSM), 9.3 % of MSM at parks (PMSM), and 10.1 % of MSM at dorm-based venues (DMSM). HIV infection was significantly more prevalent in MSM in dorm-based venues, parks, and saunas than in other venues. Compared to MSM in other venues, BMSM were more likely to be single, drug and alcohol users, but less likely to be HIV and syphilis positive. More PMSM reported having unprotected anal intercourse with other men while more SMSM reported having multiple male sex partners and more RMSM had a low level of HIV-related knowledge. The results indicated that MSM frequenting different venues were inconsistent with regards to demographic characteristics, HIV and syphilis infection rates, and risky sexual behaviors. Greater efforts are needed to develop intervention strategies that target specific venues and risky behaviors.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Sífilis/epidemiologia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Assunção de Riscos , Parceiros Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
14.
PLoS One ; 7(9): e45200, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23028845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Co-infection with HIV and HCV is very common. It is estimated that over 5 million people are co-infected with HIV and HCV worldwide. Accumulated evidence shows that each virus alters the course of infection of the other one. CD8+ T cells play a crucial role in the eradication of viruses and infected target cells. To the best of our knowledge, no one has investigated the gene expression profiles in HIV/HCV-co-infected individuals. METHODOLOGY: Genome-wide transcriptomes of CD8+ T cells from HIV/HCV-co-infected or mono-infected treatment-naïve individuals were analyzed by microarray assays. Pairwise comparisons were performed and differentially expressed genes were identified followed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) validation. Directed Acyclic Graphs (DAG) from Web-based Gene SeT AnaLysis Toolkit (WebGestalt) and DAVID bioinformatics resources 6.7 (the Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery) were used to discover the Gene Ontology (GO) categories with significantly enriched gene numbers. The enriched Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways were also obtained by using WebGestalt software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A total of 110, 24 and 72 transcript IDs were shown to be differentially expressed (> 2-fold and p<0.05) in comparisons between HCV- and HIV-mono-infected groups, HIV/HCV-co-infected and HIV-mono-infected groups, and HIV/HCV-co-infected and HCV-mono-infected groups, respectively. In qRT-PCR assay, most of the genes showed similar expressing profiles with the observation in microarray assays. Further analysis revealed that genes involved in cell proliferation, differentiation, transcriptional regulation and cytokine responses were significantly altered. These data offer new insights into HIV/HCV co-infections, and may help to identify new markers for the management and treatment of HIV/HCV co-infections.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Infecções por HIV/genética , Hepatite C/genética , Transcriptoma , Adulto , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Coinfecção , Citocinas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , HIV/fisiologia , Infecções por HIV/virologia , Hepacivirus/fisiologia , Hepatite C/virologia , Humanos , Masculino
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...