Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 125
Filtrar
1.
Front Public Health ; 9: 639273, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33816424

RESUMO

Background: Despite the benefits of cardiac rehabilitation (CR), phase II CR remains highly unavailable; the factors influential to the successful implementation and development of phase II CR programs have not been fully explored. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was completed by 168 nationwide clinical staff. Parameters associated with the successful implementation and development of phase II CR and the factors associated with the quality of CR were explored by multivariable logistic regression. Results: One hundred and eighteen of 168 respondents' institutions had successfully developed phase II CR programs, 41 of which delivered high-quality CR. Independent factors associated with successful implementation and development of CR were leadership support from hospital administrators, support from resident physicians, staff perception in CR increasing medical risk, and department type (cardiology vs. rehabilitation department). Independent factors associated with CR quality were the availability of "professional CR providers" and staff perceptions of CR improving physician-patient relationships. The medical system factors did not affect the development and quality of CR, including hospital level, funding type, academic type, general/specialized hospital, located city, medical insurance, the existence of a CR outpatient clinic and independent space, the availability of professional CR providers, staff structure, and the availability of regular training and standard procedure. Conclusions: The development and quality of a phase II CR program may benefit from factors including support from administrators and resident physicians, adequately training more CR providers, without viewing medical system factors as a major issue.

2.
Mol Cell ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33930332

RESUMO

A deficient interferon (IFN) response to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection has been implicated as a determinant of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). To identify the molecular effectors that govern IFN control of SARS-CoV-2 infection, we conducted a large-scale gain-of-function analysis that evaluated the impact of human IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) on viral replication. A limited subset of ISGs were found to control viral infection, including endosomal factors inhibiting viral entry, RNA binding proteins suppressing viral RNA synthesis, and a highly enriched cluster of endoplasmic reticulum (ER)/Golgi-resident ISGs inhibiting viral assembly/egress. These included broad-acting antiviral ISGs and eight ISGs that specifically inhibited SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV-1 replication. Among the broad-acting ISGs was BST2/tetherin, which impeded viral release and is antagonized by SARS-CoV-2 Orf7a protein. Overall, these data illuminate a set of ISGs that underlie innate immune control of SARS-CoV-2/SARS-CoV-1 infection, which will facilitate the understanding of host determinants that impact disease severity and offer potential therapeutic strategies for COVID-19.

3.
FEBS Open Bio ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830664

RESUMO

Apolipoprotein M (ApoM) exhibits various anti-atherosclerotic functions as a component of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particles. Scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) is a classic HDL receptor that mediates selective cholesterol uptake and enhances the efflux of cellular cholesterol to HDL. However, the effect of ApoM on cholesterol transport in macrophages remains unclear. In this study, we identified for the first time that ApoM is expressed in mouse macrophages and is involved in cholesterol uptake, similar to SR-BI. NBD-cholesterol uptake and efflux in cells were characterized using fluorescence spectrophotometry. The uptake ratios of cholesterol by macrophages from ApoM-/- SR-BI-/- mice were significantly lower than those from ApoM+/+ SR-BI-/- and ApoM-/- SR-BI+/+ mice. Real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to analyze the expression of cholesterol transport-related genes involved in cholesterol uptake. ApoM-enriched HDL (ApoM+ HDL) facilitated more cholesterol efflux from murine macrophage Ana-1 cells than ApoM-free HDL (ApoM- HDL). However, recombinant human ApoM protein inhibited the ability of ApoM- HDL to induce cholesterol efflux. In conclusion, ApoM promotes cholesterol uptake and efflux in mouse macrophages. A better understanding of ApoM function may lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for treating atherosclerotic diseases.

4.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(28): 3496-3499, 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33690773

RESUMO

We report the first ESIPT-based probe ABTB, for the highly sensitive and selective imaging of formaldehyde (FA). The various theoretical calculations have been systematically performed, and clearly unravel the lighting mechanism of the fluorescent probe for FA. Additionally, the probe was successfully applied in monitoring endogenous FA in the brain of AD mice.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 521, 2021 01 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483504

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondria encounter structure (ERMES) complex creates contact sites between the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria, playing crucial roles in interorganelle communication, mitochondrial fission, mtDNA inheritance, lipid transfer, and autophagy. The mechanism regulating the number of ERMES foci within the cell remains unclear. Here, we demonstrate that the mitochondrial membrane protein Emr1 contributes to regulating the number of ERMES foci. We show that the absence of Emr1 significantly decreases the number of ERMES foci. Moreover, we find that Emr1 interacts with the ERMES core component Mdm12 and colocalizes with Mdm12 on mitochondria. Similar to ERMES mutant cells, cells lacking Emr1 display defective mitochondrial morphology and impaired mitochondrial segregation, which can be rescued by an artificial tether capable of linking the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. We further demonstrate that the cytoplasmic region of Emr1 is required for regulating the number of ERMES foci. This work thus reveals a crucial regulatory protein necessary for ERMES functions and provides mechanistic insights into understanding the dynamic regulation of endoplasmic reticulum-mitochondria communication.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Membranas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Mutação , Ligação Proteica , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
6.
Genome Biol ; 22(1): 21, 2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413539

RESUMO

In any 'omics study, the scale of analysis can dramatically affect the outcome. For instance, when clustering single-cell transcriptomes, is the analysis tuned to discover broad or specific cell types? Likewise, protein communities revealed from protein networks can vary widely in sizes depending on the method. Here, we use the concept of persistent homology, drawn from mathematical topology, to identify robust structures in data at all scales simultaneously. Application to mouse single-cell transcriptomes significantly expands the catalog of identified cell types, while analysis of SARS-COV-2 protein interactions suggests hijacking of WNT. The method, HiDeF, is available via Python and Cytoscape.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , /metabolismo , Algoritmos , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
7.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 57(6): 801-804, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367314

RESUMO

We herein developed a novel tetraarylimidazole-based AIE probe TPIG-NP to selectively image and quantitatively detect glioma. Due to the distinct negatively charged glioma cells, TPIG-NP with an opposite charge could achieve wash-free imaging of glioma cells and 3D multicellular spheroids.

8.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(22): 5309-5322, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350190

RESUMO

By referring to the standards and procedures of WHQ Handbook for Guideline Development, under the guidance of relevant laws, regulations, and technical documents, in line with the principle of "evidence-based, consensus-based, experience-based", and based on the best available evidences, fully combined with expert experience and patient preferences, we summarized eight clinical questions in this paper: can traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment improve the clinical symptoms and the degree of dyspnea in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) Can TCM treatment reduce the number of exacerbations in patients with stable COPD? Can TCM treatment improve the exercise tolerance of patients with stable COPD? Can TCM treatment improve the quality of life of patients with stable COPD? Can TCM treatment delay the decline of lung function in patients with stable COPD? Can TCM treatment improve anxiety and depression in patients with stable COPD? Does the point application therapy benefit patients with stable COPD? Can non-pharmacological treatment benefit patients with stable COPD? Based on these eight clinical problems, the cha-racteristics of TCM itself, and actual clinical situation, the recommendations of TCM to treat the stable COPD were formed in this guideline, with intention to provide advice and guidance to clinicians in the use of TCM to treat stable COPD, to relieve symptoms, improve exercise tolerance, improve health status, prevent disease progression, prevent and treat exacerbations, and improve clinical efficacy. Due to the influence of the user's region, nationality, race and other factors, the implementation of this guideline should be based on the actual situations.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Dispneia , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(22): 5323-5330, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350191

RESUMO

As an important auxiliary document in the process of guideline development, the editorial explanation is the extension and complement to the content of the guideline, a basis for fully understanding the technical content of the guideline, an indispensable document for the guideline's traceability. The project team of this guideline, while formulating the Clinical practice guideline for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with traditional Chinese medicine(draft version for comments), also has written the corresponding editorial explanation. In order to enable the relevant medical workers to more accurately understand and apply the guideline, but also to provide readers with a more in-depth understanding of the reasons and processes for the development of the guideline, the paper will give a detailed introduction to the compilation process about the guideline, includes: work overview(project background, task source, drafting and collaboration unit, project team members and their division of labor), main technical content(the basis and principles of guideline development, technical route), main compilation process(the establishment of project team, the formulation of the guideline plan, the project approval and the registration of research programme, the construction of clinical issues and the selection of outcome indicators, evidence search screening and synthesis, evidence evaluation and grading, the formation of recommendations, the writing of exposure draft, external review and self-assessment, etc), expert consensus implementation requirements and measure suggestions(promotion and implementation measures, and post-effect evaluation), other issues need to be explained and so on.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Consenso , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(22): 5331-5343, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350192

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Liujunzi Decoction combined with Western medicine in the treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). Three English databases and four Chinese databases were systematically searched from the database establishment to April 1, 2020. We screened randomized controlled trial(RCT) according to the pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, then extracted data. Methodological quality of included studies was assessed with Cochrane bias risk evaluation tool. Data were analyzed by using RevMan 5.3. A total of 401 articles were retrieved and finally 17 RCTs were included in this study, involving 1 447 patients, and the overall quality of the included studies was not high. Meta-analysis showed that, in reducing traditional Chinese medicine symptom score, Liujunzi Decoction combined with conventional Western medicine or Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation was superior to conventional Western medicine or Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation alone. In reducing the grade of modified medical research council(mMRC), Liujunzi Decoction combined with Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation was superior to Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation alone. In reducing COPD assessment test(CAT) score, Liujunzi Decoction combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine alone. In delaying the decline of forced expiratory volume in one second(FEV_1) or % in the expected value, Liujunzi Decoction combined with conventional Western medicine or Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation was superior to conventional Western medicine or Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation alone. In delaying the decline of ratio of FEV_1 to forced vital capacity(FEV_1/FVC), Liujunzi Decoction combined with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional Western medicine alone, but there was no statistical difference between Liujunzi Decoction combined with Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation and Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation alone. In reducing acute exacerbation rate, there was no statistical difference between Liujunzi Decoction combined with Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation and Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation alone. On the other outcome measures of Liujunzi Decoction combined with other Western medicine, Meta-analysis could not be conducted and conclusions due to the inclusion of only one study. In terms of the occurrence of adverse reactions, some studies did not mention, so the safety of Liujunzi Decoction combined with Wes-tern medicine could not be determined in this paper. Due to the limitations of the quality and quantity of inclu-ded studies, the efficacy of Liujunzi Decoction combined with Western medicine for COPD still needs more high-quality studies for confirmation, and its safety needs to be further verified.


Assuntos
Medicina , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Administração por Inalação , Broncodilatadores/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Xinafoato de Salmeterol/uso terapêutico
11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(22): 5344-5355, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350193

RESUMO

To systematically review the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi Decoction in the treatment of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) at the stable stage. Three English databases and four Chinese databases were systematically searched from the database establishment to August 1, 2020. Randomized controlled trials(RCTs) were screened according to the pre-determined inclusion and exclusion criteria, and then the data were extracted. Methodological quality of the included studies was assessed based on Cochrane bias risk tool, and RevMan 5.3 was used for data analysis. A total of 389 articles were retrieved and finally 18 RCTs were included in this study, involving 1 566 patients, and the overall quality of the included studies was not high. Meta-analysis showed that, in terms of improving 6-minute walk distance(6 MWD), and delaying the decline of forced expiratory volume in one second(FEV_1) or its % in the expected value as well as the decline in ratio of FEV_1 to forced vital capacity(FVC), Buzhong Yiqi Decoction alone or in combination with conventional Western medicine was superior to conventional therapy Western medicine alone. Subgroup analysis showed that, in terms of reducing traditional Chinese medicine symptom scores, Buzhong Yiqi Decoction combined with conventional treatment was superior to conventional treatment. In terms of reducing the grade of modified medical research council(mMRC), Buzhong Yiqi Decoction combined with conventional treatment was superior to conventional treatment. In terms of improving 6 MWD, Buzhong Yiqi Decoction combined with conventional treatment or Tiotropium Bromide Powder for Inhalation was superior to conventional treatment alone or Tiotropium Bromide Powder for Inhalation alone. In terms of delaying the decline of FEV_1 or its % in the expected value, Buzhong Yiqi Decoction combined with conventional treatment or Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation or Tiotropium Bromide Powder for Inhalation was superior to conventional treatment or Salmeterol Xinafoate and Fluticasone Propionate Powder for Inhalation or Tiotropium Bromide Powder for Inhalation alone, and Buzhong Yiqi Decoction alone was superior to Theophylline alone. In terms of delaying the decline in FEV_1/FVC, Buzhong Yiqi Decoction combined with conventional treatment was superior to conventional treatment, and Buzhong Yiqi Decoction alone was superior to Theophylline alone. Meta-analysis of other outcome measures was not available and no conclusion can be drawn due to the inclusion of only one study. As some studies did not mention the adverse reactions, no safety comments can be made for Buzhong Yiqi Decoction alone or combined with conventional Western medicine. Due to the limitations of the quality and quantity of included studies, the conclusions of this research should be treated with caution. The efficacy of Buzhong Yiqi Decoction for stable COPD still needs more high-quality studies for confirmation, and its safety needs to be further verified.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Brometo de Tiotrópio , Capacidade Vital
12.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 45(22): 5356-5361, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350194

RESUMO

This article analyze acupoint selection and characteristics of plaster therapy for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary di-sease(COPD) by data mining. The CNKI, VIP, CBM, WanFang, PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library were retrieved for collecting clinical studies of plaster therapy for stable COPD. After literature screening, a total of 46 systematic reviews were included. Frequency statistics, cluster analysis, and Apriori correlation analysis were used to analyze the pattern and characteristics of plaster therapy for stable COPD. The result showed that the main acupoints for stable COPD were BL13, Dingchuan, CV22, BL23 and BL20. The acupoints used are mainly concentrated on the chest and back. The most frequently used meridian is the bladder meridian. Analysis of the acupoints yielded 27 correlation rules. And cluster analysis grouped the high frequency acupoints into 5 categories. The results of the study showed that the current choice of acupoints is rather concentrated. "Local acupuncture points" and "matching points with front and back" were the main acupoint selection rules. The choice of acupuncture points reflected the traditional Chinese medicine treatment principle of strengthening healthy Qi to eliminate pathogenic factor, treating both manifestation and root cause of disease, and preventing measure taken after the occurrence of disease.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Meridianos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Mineração de Dados , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
13.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 16(10): e1008239, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095781

RESUMO

Detection of community structure has become a fundamental step in the analysis of biological networks with application to protein function annotation, disease gene prediction, and drug discovery. This recent impact creates a need to make these techniques and their accompanying visualization schemes available to a broad range of biologists. Here we present a service-oriented, end-to-end software framework, CDAPS (Community Detection APplication and Service), that integrates the identification, annotation, visualization, and interrogation of multiscale network communities, accessible within the popular Cytoscape network analysis platform. With novel design principles, CDAPS addresses unmet new challenges, such as identifying hierarchical community structures, comparison of outputs generated from diverse network resources, and easy deployment of new algorithms, to facilitate community-sourced science. We demonstrate that the CDAPS framework can be applied to high-throughput protein-protein interaction networks to gain novel insights, such as the identification of putative new members of known protein complexes.

14.
Cell Rep ; 32(11): 108133, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32937129

RESUMO

Type III CRISPR-Cas systems initiate an intracellular signaling pathway to confer immunity. The signaling pathway includes synthesis of cyclic oligo-adenylate (cOA) and activation of the RNase activity of type III accessory ribonuclease Csm6/Csx1 by cOA. After the immune response, cOA should be cleared on time to avoid constant cellular RNA degradation. In this study, we find a metal-dependent cOA degradation activity in Sulfolobus islandicus. The activity is associated with the cell membrane and able to accelerate cOA clearance at a high cOA level. Further, we show that a metal-dependent and membrane-associated DHH-DHHA1 family nuclease (MAD) rapidly cleaves cOA and deactivates Csx1 ribonuclease. The cOA degradation efficiency of MAD is much higher than the cellular ring nuclease. However, the subcellular organization may prevent it from degrading nascent cOA. Together, the data suggest that MAD acts as the second cOA degrader after the ring nuclease to remove diffused redundant cOA.

15.
J Diabetes Res ; 2020: 6478393, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32714993

RESUMO

Objectives: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is now becoming a serious public health threat. Some behaviors risk factors were considered to be associated with MetS and interacted to adversely affect MetS. However, the clustering effects of behavior risk factors of MetS among Chinese population remain unclear. The aim of this study is to observe the behavior risk factors and their clustering effects of MetS in China. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was used. Subjects were recruited in the departments of Cardiology Clinic, Endocrine Clinic, and Health Management from March to December 2019. A demographic sheet was designed to collect the demographic and clinical characteristics of the subjects. International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short was applied to evaluate the level of PA in this study. Other behavior risk factors were observed by the questionnaire. The stepwise logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the determinants of MetS. The multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the clustering effects of behavior risk factors in MetS. Results: There are a total of 532 eligible subjects (56.6% females; mean age was 48.4 ± 15.3 years), and approximately 33.3% were diagnosed as MetS. The subjects with a smoking habit (heavy and long-time history) had a 1.833-fold higher risk for MetS than their counterparts (none and light smoking), and the subjects that preferred salty taste had a 1.626-fold higher risk for MetS than the comparison cohort. Smoking and alcohol drinking had the highest clustering effect on MetS among the behavior risk factors. Conclusions: The main finding of this study was that smoking and salty taste preference were the independent determinants of MetS. Smoking and alcohol consumption had the highest clustering effect on southern Chinese MetS.

16.
J Biol Chem ; 295(38): 13287-13298, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32723864

RESUMO

The spindle apparatus segregates bi-oriented sister chromatids during mitosis but mono-oriented homologous chromosomes during meiosis I. It has remained unclear if similar molecular mechanisms operate to regulate spindle dynamics during mitosis and meiosis I. Here, we employed live-cell microscopy to compare the spindle dynamics of mitosis and meiosis I in fission yeast cells and demonstrated that the conserved kinesin-14 motor Klp2 plays a specific role in maintaining metaphase spindle length during meiosis I but not during mitosis. Moreover, the maintenance of metaphase spindle stability during meiosis I requires the synergism between Klp2 and the conserved microtubule cross-linker Ase1, as the absence of both proteins causes exacerbated defects in metaphase spindle stability. The synergism is not necessary for regulating mitotic spindle dynamics. Hence, our work reveals a new molecular mechanism underlying meiotic spindle dynamics and provides insights into understanding differential regulation of meiotic and mitotic events.

17.
Luminescence ; 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32598511

RESUMO

Fluorescent nanostructures have been widely applied to biomedical researches and clinical diagnosis such as biolabeling/imaging/sensing and have even acted as therapy reagents. Peptide-based fluorescent nanostructures attract recent interest from biomedical researchers. Inspired by the natural existence of GHK-Cu complex with a growth factor-like effect in human blood, here we have developed a novel approach for designing nanosensors through the co-assembling of two kinds of biomolecules. By making best use of both π-π stacking between carbon rings and the easy-oxidation property of an important transmitter molecule, dopamine (DA), we successfully built up a supersensitive and robust fluorescent pH nanosensor by co-assembling oxidized DA (DAox ) with a tripeptide GHK. The GHK-DAox nanostructures have a quantum yield of 20.82%, which might be the brightest one among all the current co-assembling structures merely through unmodified biomolecules. We envision this approach could open a new avenue for not only hybrid nanostructure construction, but also may inspire the bioengineering of in vivo luminescent probes.

18.
bioRxiv ; 2020 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32587977

RESUMO

Networks of genes, proteins, and cells exhibit significant multiscale organization, with distinct communities appearing at different spatial resolutions. Here, we apply the concept of 'persistent homology' to identify network communities that persist within defined scale ranges, yielding a hierarchy of robust structures in data. Application to mouse single-cell transcriptomes significantly expands the catalog of cell types identified by current tools, while analysis of SARS-COV-2 networks suggests pro-viral hijacking of WNT.

19.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 56(46): 6301-6304, 2020 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388546

RESUMO

Unmodified tripeptides and dopamine molecules can coassemble into fluorescent hybrid nanostructures, which break the intrinsic emission limit of both dopamines and peptides with an over-50 nm red-shift. We demonstrate that the coassembly method can effectively resist the oxidation of dopamine molecules, thus inhibiting their melanin pathway.

20.
Preprint | medRxiv | ID: ppmedrxiv-20077743

RESUMO

Neutralizing antibodies could be antivirals against COVID-19 pandemics. Here, we report the isolation of four human-origin monoclonal antibodies from a convalescent patient in China. All of these isolated antibodies display neutralization abilities in vitro. Two of them (B38 and H4) block the binding between RBD and vial cellular receptor ACE2. Further competition assay indicates that B38 and H4 recognize different epitopes on the RBD, which is ideal for a virus-targeting mAb-pair to avoid immune escape in the future clinical applications. Moreover, therapeutic study on the mouse model validated that these two antibodies can reduce virus titers in the infected mouse lungs. Structure of RBD-B38 complex revealed that most residues on the epitope are overlapped with the RBD-ACE2 binding interface, which explained the blocking efficacy and neutralizing capacity. Our results highlight the promise of antibody-based therapeutics and provide the structural basis of rational vaccine design. One Sentence SummaryA pair of human neutralizing monoclonal antibodies against COVID-19 compete cellular receptor binding but with different epitopes, and with post-exposure viral load reduction activity.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...