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1.
Chemosphere ; 238: 124700, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31524602

RESUMO

An eight-year field trial was conducted to investigate the effects of four different N fertilization treatments of urea (CO(NH2)2, the control), ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4), ammonium chloride (NH4Cl), and ammonium hydrogen phosphate [(NH4)2HPO4]) on cadmium (Cd) phytotoxicity in rice and soil microbial communities in a Cd-contaminated paddy of southern China. The results demonstrate that the different N treatments exerted different effects: the application of (NH4)2HPO4 and (NH4)2SO4 significantly increased rice grain yield and decreased soil-extractable Cd content when compared with those of the control, while NH4Cl had a converse effect. Expression of genes related to Cd uptake (IRT and NRAPM genes) and transport (HMA genes) by roots may be responsible for Cd phytotoxicity in rice grown in the different N fertilization treatments. Our results further demonstrate that N fertilization had stronger effects on soil bacterial communities than fungal communities. The bacterial and fungal keystone species were identified by phylogenetic molecular ecological network (pMEN) analysis and mainly fell into the categories of Gammaproteobacteria, Acidobacteria and Actinobacteria for the bacterial species and Ascomycota for the fungal species; all of these keystone species were highly enriched in the (NH4)2HPO4 treatment. Soil pH and soil available-Cd content emerged as the major determinants of microbial network connectors. These results could provide effective fertilizing strategies for alleviating Cd phytotoxicity in rice and enhance the understanding of its underlying microbial mechanisms.

2.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31774487

RESUMO

AIM: Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a pathophysiological syndrome associated with pulmonary/systemic inflammation. Melatonin relieves PAH, but the molecular mode of action remains unclear. Here, we investigated the role of melatonin in normalizing vascular homeostasis. METHODS AND RESULTS: Light-time mean serum melatonin concentration was lower in patients with PAH than in normal controls (11.06 ± 3.44 (7.13-15.6) vs. 14.55 ± 1.28 (8.0-19.4) pg/ml), which was negatively correlated with increased serum levels of interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) in patients with PAH. We showed that inflammasomes were activated in the PAH mice model and that melatonin attenuated IL-1ß secretion. On one hand, melatonin reduced the number of macrophages in lung by inhibiting the endothelial chemokines and adhesion factors. Moreover, use of Il1r-/- mice, Caspase1/11-/- mice and melatonin-treated mice revealed that melatonin reduced hypoxia-induced vascular endothelial leakage in the lung. On the other hand, we verified that melatonin reduced the formation of inflammasome multiprotein complexes by modulating calcium ions in macrophages using a live cell station, and melatonin decreased inositol triphosphate and increased cAMP. Furthermore, knockdown of melatonin membrane receptors blocked melatonin function, and a melatonin membrane receptors agonist inactivated inflammasomes in macrophages. CONCLUSIONS: Melatonin attenuated inflammasome-associated vascular disorders by directly improving endothelial leakage and decreasing the formation of inflammasome multiprotein complexes in macrophages. Taken together, our data provide a theoretical basis for applying melatonin clinically, and inflammasomes may be a possible target of PAH treatment. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: PAH is a pathophysiological syndrome associated with inflammation. Our study is the first to report a decrease in melatonin levels in patients with PAH, which provides insight to investigate melatonin or other circadian rhythm-related factors in the etiology of PAH. We demonstrate that melatonin improved PAH by inactivating inflammasome in the lungs of several mice models. The fact that melatonin is an endogenous hormone, may present an advantage for PAH therapy. Our data provide a theoretical basis for applying melatonin clinically, and inflammasomes may be a possible target of PAH treatment.

3.
J Chromatogr A ; : 460606, 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623844

RESUMO

A rapid synergistic cloud point extraction for nine alkylphenols coupled with high performance liquid chromatography and fluorescence detection was developed. The non-ionic surfactant polyethylene glycol 6000 (PEG 6000) was selected as the extractant. Acetonitrile was used as a revulsant and synergistic reagent with Na2SO4 to lower the cloud point temperature of extractant to room temperature. These two reagents allowed a cloudy solution to form without heating. The affecting factors were optimized by multiple response optimization with a Box-Behnken design and the desirability function. The optimum conditions found were PEG 6000, 4% (m/v); acetonitrile, 1.5 mL; Na2SO4, 0.6 mol L-1; no pH adjustment or bathing and dilution; centrifugation for 3 min at 3500 rpm and less 8 min for the throughout sample pretreatment procedure. The extraction efficiencies of the nine alkylphenols ranged from 91.4% to 99.5%. These values varied by less than 2.78% from those predicted by the multiple response optimization model. Good linearity (r > 0.994) was obtained in the ranges of 0.6-200 µg L-1 for eight alkylphenols and 1.8-600 µg L-1 for nonylphenol. Simultaneously, the method showed low limit of detection (0.17-0.39 µg L-1) and excellent repeatability at 50 µg L-1 for eight alkylphenols and 150 µg L-1 for nonylphenol (Intraday and Interday of RSD <4.98%, n = 6). The proposed method was successfully applied to determination of the nine alkylphenols in environmental water samples with good recoveries (95.2-106%) and precision values (RSD <5.51%, spiked two levels of 10 and 100 µL of mixed standard, respectively).

4.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(43): 40564-40574, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566943

RESUMO

The fabrication of metal-organic framework (MOF)-based macro-materials is considered as a promising strategy toward the practical applications of powdered MOF crystals. In this study, selective laser sintering (SLS), an advanced three-dimensional (3D) powder printing technique, has been employed to fabricate MOF-polymer mixed matrix films (MMFs) by using thermoplastic polyamide 12 (PA12) powder as the matrix material and five types of MOFs including ZIF-67, NH2-MIL-101(Al), MOF-801, HKUST-1, and ZIF-8 crystals as the fillers. A three-layer HKUST-1-PA12 complex with a grid pattern is fabricated to demonstrate the printability of 3D MOF-polymer structure. Single-layer MMFs with grid patterns are printed by using the five types of MOF fillers with different mass loadings to study their free-standing characteristic, thickness, specific surface area, hydrophilia, water permeate flux, and mechanical stability. The methylene blue (MB) adsorption tests are conducted using the NH2-MIL-101(Al)-PA12 MMFs with different grid patterns to exemplify the applications of the MMFs for water purification. It is confirmed that the MOF components retain their high maximum adsorption capacity, and the printed MMFs can be conveniently regenerated for cyclic utilization. This work provides an insight into the utilization of advanced 3D printing technology to manufacture macro-MOF-polymer materials for practical applications.

5.
J Occup Environ Med ; 61(11): e452-e458, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567660

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this paper was to identify shapes of the curves between weekly working hours (WWH) and mental health status (MHS) and determine WWH for the best MHS in 13 occupations. METHODS: This cross-sectional study applied public data of the 2015 to 2016 California Health Interview Survey. Restricted cubic spline regression was used to determine non-linear trends. RESULTS: A statistically significant nearly V-shaped curve was demonstrated between WWH and MHS in total population, men and management, business and finance occupations. WWH for the best MHS were 42, 45, and 46 hours, respectively. CONCLUSION: These results suggest MHS be susceptible to WWH in total population, men and management, business and finance occupations. WWH for the best MHS for relevant populations could provide evidence for better work hours regulations in California.

6.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2019 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622726

RESUMO

O antigen is a polysaccharide chain of a lipopolysaccharide on the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria. O-antigen-based serotyping and molecular typing are widely used for epidemiological and surveillance purposes. Two polysaccharides were isolated by Sephadex G-50 gel-permeation chromatography following mild acid degradation of the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia albertii EA046 assigned to serotype O9. The polysaccharide eluted first was considered as the O-antigen. It was composed of tetrasaccharide repeating units containing two residues of d-Man and one residue each of d-Gal and d-GlcNAc as well as glycerol phosphate. It had the following unique structure which was established by NMR spectroscopy applied to the initial and dephosphorylated polysaccharides: The polysaccharide eluted from the gel second was identified as a mannan with a → 3)-ß-d-Manp-(1 → 2)-α-d-Manp-(1 → 2)-α-d-Manp-(1 → trisaccharide repeating unit. In E. albertii EA046, two polysaccharide gene clusters were found at a chromosomal locus flanked by the conserved galF gene and the histidine synthesis operon (his). They were suggested to drive the biosynthesis of the O-antigen by the Wzy/Wzy-dependent pathway and the mannan by the Wzm/Wzt-dependent pathway. The mannan shares the structure and gene cluster with a polysaccharide isolated earlier from the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia coli O8.

7.
Vet Res ; 50(1): 62, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526397

RESUMO

In the original publication of this article [1], the author name 'Pengchen Du' in author list should be 'Pengcheng Du'.

8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 184: 109641, 2019 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518827

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the responses of cadmium (Cd) availability and transfer in the soil-rice system to added sulfur (S) under unstable pe + pH conditions. Different water management conditions (flooding and aerobic treatments) cause changes in the soil pe + pH. We conducted a pot experiment to investigate the influence of S supply on soil Cd availability and Cd accumulation in rice plants (Oryza sativa L.), using three water regimes (continuous dryness, alternating dry-wet for one cycle, and continuous flooding) combined with two S concentrations (0 and 300 mg/kg). The results showed that the flooding treatment was more effective in decreasing soil pe + pH, Cd availability, and Cd accumulation in rice tissues than were the aerobic treatments. S-induced reduction in Cd uptake and translocation in rice was attributed to the decreased soil pe + pH values and enhanced biosynthesis of phytochelatins (PCs) and glutathione (GSH) in rice roots. Microscopic examination showed that the flooding treatment with added soil S resulted in better rice root growth. Element dispersive spectrometer (EDS) analysis indicated that S addition and flooding treatment promoted the formation of iron plaques and increases in Fe concentration in rice tissues. Conversely, partial disintegration of the root epidermis was observed in the dry treatment without added S.

9.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 213(6): 1213-1220, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study was to investigate the utility of radiomics for predicting the malignancy of pulmonary nodules (PNs) of different sizes using unenhanced, thin-section CT images. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Patients with a single PN (n = 373) who underwent a preoperative chest CT were recruited retrospectively at Beijing Friendship Hospital from March 2015 to March 2018. Of the 373 PNs studied, 192 were benign and 181 were malignant. The lesions were classified into three groups (T1a, T1b, or T1c according to the 8th edition of the TNM staging system for lung cancer) on the basis of lesion diameters: T1a (diameter, 0-1 cm), T1b (1 cm < diameter ≤ 2 cm) and T1c (2 cm < diameter ≤ 3 cm). A total of 1160 radiomic features were extracted from PN segmentation on unenhanced CT images. We developed three radiomic models to predict PN malignancy in each group on the basis of the extracted radiomic features. Fivefold cross-validation was used to estimate AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity for indicating the performance of prediction models. RESULTS. The AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity for predicting PN malignancy in each group were 0.84, 0.77, 0.89, and 0.74 with the T1a model; 0.78, 0.73, 0.74, and 0.71 with the T1b model, and 0.79, 0.76, 0.77, and 0.73 with the T1c model, respectively. The most contributive radiomic features for predicting PN malignancy for groups T1a, T1b, and T1c were LoG_X_Uniformity, Intensity_Minimum, and Shape_SI9, respectively. CONCLUSION. Radiomic features based on unenhanced CT images can be used to predict the malignancy of pulmonary nodules. The radiomic T1a model showed superior prediction performance to the T1b and T1c models, and the best performance in terms of AUC and sensitivity was found for predicting the malignancy of T1a PN.

10.
J Biomed Nanotechnol ; 15(10): 2142-2148, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462378

RESUMO

Copper-cysteamine (Cu-Cy) nanoparticles (NPs) are a new type of sensitizers that can be activated by UV light, X-rays, microwaves and ultrasound to produce reactive oxygen species for cancer treatment. Here, for the first time, we explored Cu-Cy NPs for bacteria inactivation by treating gram-positive bacteria (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis) and gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Acinetobacter baumannii), respectively. The results show that Cu-Cy NPs are very effective in killing gram-positive bacteria but are quite limited in killing gram-negative bacteria yet. The major killing mechanism is cell damage by singlet oxygen and Cu-Cy NPs are potential agents for bacteria inactivation.


Assuntos
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina , Nanopartículas , Antibacterianos , Cobre , Cisteamina
11.
J Comput Assist Tomogr ; 43(4): 539-546, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) response in the ipsilateral primary somatosensory cortex (SI) and thalamus of patients with moyamoya disease (MMD) during sensory stimulation. METHODS: Sixty-four MMD patients, and 15 healthy volunteers were enrolled. Thirty-three MMD patients exhibited paroxysmal numbness or hypoesthesia in the unilateral limbs. Fifteen patients with acroparesthesia underwent unilateral encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS). All volunteers underwent BOLD functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) under median nerve electrical stimulation (MNES). Blood oxygen level-dependent fMRI data were processed to obtain time-signal intensity curves in the activation areas of the bilateral SI and thalamus. Processed dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging data were used to measure the time to peak of the BOLD response in the regions of interest, including the bilateral SI, thalamus, and cerebellum. Changes in the time-signal intensity curve-related hemodynamic parameters in the ipsilateral SI and thalamus were examined between healthy controls, nonacroparesthesia patients, and asymptomatic and symptomatic sides of unilateral acroparesthesia patients during MNES. Changes in these parameters in MMD patients before and after EDAS were examined. RESULTS: Compared with healthy volunteers, 3 groups of MMD patients exhibited an increased peak of the positive BOLD response in the ipsilateral thalamus during MNES (0.65 ± 0.24 vs 0.79 ± 0.35, 0.94 ± 0.57, and 0.89 ± 0.50; P = 0.0335). The positive response peak in the ipsilateral SI markedly increased in MMD patients with acroparesthesia during MNES on the asymptomatic side (0.56 ± 0.37 vs 0.38 ± 0.27, P = 0.0243). The time to peak negative response in the ipsilateral SI was prolonged during MNES on the symptomatic side after EDAS (12.14 ± 8.90 seconds vs 18.86 ± 9.20 seconds, P = 0.0201). CONCLUSIONS: During sensory stimulation treatment, BOLD response changes occurred in the ipsilateral SI and thalamus of MMD patients. These changes enabled the contralateral hemisphere of the brain to better deal with sensory stimuli.


Assuntos
Estimulação Elétrica/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Doença de Moyamoya/diagnóstico por imagem , Oxigênio/sangue , Córtex Somatossensorial , Tálamo , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Nervo Mediano/diagnóstico por imagem , Nervo Mediano/fisiologia , Plasticidade Neuronal , Córtex Somatossensorial/irrigação sanguínea , Córtex Somatossensorial/diagnóstico por imagem , Tálamo/irrigação sanguínea , Tálamo/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9783106, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31183380

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of deep learning with a multichannel fusion three-dimensional convolutional neural network (MCF-3DCNN) in the differentiation of the pathologic grades of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance images (DCE-MR images). Methods and Materials: Fifty-one histologically proven HCCs from 42 consecutive patients from January 2015 to September 2017 were included in this retrospective study. Pathologic examinations revealed nine well-differentiated (WD), 35 moderately differentiated (MD), and seven poorly differentiated (PD) HCCs. DCE-MR images with five phases were collected using a 3.0 Tesla MR scanner. The 4D-tensor representation was employed to organize the collected data in one temporal and three spatial dimensions by referring to the phases and 3D scanning slices of the DCE-MR images. A deep learning diagnosis model with MCF-3DCNN was proposed, and the structure of MCF-3DCNN was determined to approximate clinical diagnosis experience by taking into account the significance of the spatial and temporal information from DCE-MR images. Then, MCF-3DCNN was trained based on well-labeled samples of HCC lesions from real patient cases by experienced radiologists. The accuracy when differentiating the pathologic grades of HCC was calculated, and the performance of MCF-3DCNN in lesion diagnosis was assessed. Additionally, the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) for distinguishing WD, MD, and PD HCCs were calculated. Results: MCF-3DCNN achieved an average accuracy of 0.7396±0.0104 with regard to totally differentiating the pathologic grade of HCC. MCF-3DCNN also achieved the highest diagnostic performance for discriminating WD HCCs from others, with an average AUC, accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 0.96, 91.00%, 96.88%, and 89.62%, respectively. Conclusions: This study indicates that MCF-3DCNN can be a promising technology for evaluating the pathologic grade of HCC based on DCE-MR images.

13.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 14(15): 2027-2043, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165659

RESUMO

Aim: To clarify the effectiveness and safety of x-ray-activated photodynamic therapy (X-PDT) for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and melanoma. Materials & methods: Copper-cysteamine nanoparticles were used as a photosensitizer of X-PDT. The dark toxicity and cytotoxicity were studied in vitro. Tumor volume, microvessel density and acute toxicity of mice were evaluated in vivo. Results: Without x-ray irradiation, copper-cysteamine nanoparticles were nontoxic for keratinocyte cells. XL50 cells (SCC) were more sensitive to X-PDT than B16F10 cells (melanoma). X-PDT successfully inhibited the growth of SCC in vivo (p < 0.05), while the B16F10 melanoma was resistant. Microvessel density in SCC tissue was remarkably reduced (p < 0.05). No obvious acute toxicity reaction was observed. Conclusion: X-PDT is a safe and effective treatment for SCC.

14.
Plant Signal Behav ; 14(9): 1629269, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31198086

RESUMO

Heavy metal ions which are not essential elements for basic metabolism severely threaten human health through food chain. As the most water-soluble and absorbed heavy metal ion, Cadmium (Cd) is easily accumulated and contaminates plants. Previously, mitochondrial pyruvate carrier 1 (MPC1) was proved to be required for Cd tolerance and Cd2+ exclusion. In this study, we carried out following mRNA expression profile analysis on Cd-treated mpc1-1 and wild-type plants. After further selection of differential expressed genes and Cd tolerance tests in yeast, we have discovered a novel Cd tolerance related gene: AGP30, which specifically expresses in root and is significantly regulated by MPC under Cd stress. This protein mainly localize in the cell wall of cells in root meristem region, which was consistent with our former Cd2+ flux measurement. In conclusion, our work discovered a new Cd resistant gene for utilizing in transgenic crops for preventing Cd2+ influx.

15.
Carbohydr Res ; 480: 73-79, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176878

RESUMO

A 3,6-dideoxy-l-xylo-hexose (colitose)-containing partially O-acetylated branched polysaccharide was obtained by mild acid hydrolysis (2% HOAc, 100 °C, 2 h) of the lipopolysaccharide of Escherichia albertii HK18069 followed by gel-permeation chromatography on Sephadex G-50 Superfine. Part of colitose residues (~40%) was cleaved upon hydrolysis, and the full cleavage was achieved by prolonged hydrolysis (8 h) under the same conditions and resulted in a modified linear polysaccharide. Structure of the O-polysaccharide of E. albertii HK18069 was established by 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy applied to both initial and modified O-deacetylated and colitose-free polysaccharides: where ß-d-Galp is mono-O-acetylated at position either 3 (~50%) or 4 (~30%). The O-antigen gene cluster of E. albertii HK18069 between conserved galF and gnd genes together with flanking regions was sequenced, and predicted functions of the genes were found to be consistent with the O-polysaccharide structure established. The O-polysaccharide structure and the O-antigen gene cluster of E. albertii HK18069 are related to those of Esherichia coli O55 and E. coli O128 reported earlier. It is proposed to create for strain HK18069 a new E. albertii O-serogroup, O8.


Assuntos
Desoxiaçúcares/química , Escherichia coli/genética , Família Multigênica/genética , Antígenos O/química , Antígenos O/genética , Filogenia
16.
Chin J Traumatol ; 22(3): 161-165, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31056470

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate whether dexmedetomidine (Dex) can reduce the production of inflammatory factor IL-1ß by inhibiting the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in hippocampal microglia, thereby alleviating the inflammatory response of the central nervous system induced by surgical injury. METHODS: Exploratory laparotomy was used in experimental models in this study. Totally 48 Sprague Dawley male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 12 for each), respectively sham control (group A), laparotomy only (group B); and Dex treatment with different doses of 5 µg/kg (group D1) or 10 µg/kg (group D2). Rats in groups D1 and D2 were intraperitoneally injected with corresponding doses of Dex every 6 h. The rats were sacrificed 12 h after operation; the hippocampus tissues were isolated, and frozen sections were made. The microglia activation was estimated by immunohistochemistry. The protein expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and IL-1ß were detected by immunoblotting. All data were presented as mean ± standard deviation, and independent sample t test was used to analyze the statistical difference between groups. RESULTS: The activated microglia in the hippocampus of the rats significantly increased after laparotomy (group B vs. sham control, p < 0.01). After Dex treatment, the number was decreased in a dose-dependent way (group D1 vs. D2, p < 0.05), however the activated microglia in both groups were still higher than that of sham controls (both p < 0.05). Further Western blot analysis showed that the protein expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC and downstream cytokine IL-1ß in the hippocampus from the laparotomy group were significantly higher than those of the sham control group (all p < 0.01). The elevated expression of these proteins was relieved after Dex treatment, also in a dose-dependent way (D2 vs. D1 group, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Dex can inhibit the activation of microglia and NLRP3 inflammasome in the hippocampus of rats after operation, and the synthesis and secretion of IL-1ß are also reduced in a dose-dependent manner by using Dex. Hence, Dex can alleviate inflammation activation on the central nervous system induced by surgical injury.


Assuntos
Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Microglia/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Animais , Dexmedetomidina/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Imuno-Histoquímica , Injeções Intraperitoneais , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fatores de Tempo
17.
J Org Chem ; 84(12): 7883-7893, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134809

RESUMO

A BINOL-based chiral phosphoric acid was employed as an efficient catalyst in enantioselective cycloaddition of ortho-hydroxyphenyl-substituted para-quinone methides and enamides, which gave rise to acetamido-substituted tetrahydroxanthenes with three adjacent stereogenic centers in high yields (up to 99%) and excellent stereoselectivities (up to >99:1 diastereomeric ratio and up to 98% ee).

18.
Sci Adv ; 5(4): eaau7246, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31032401

RESUMO

The cold-induced antisense transcript COOLAIR represses FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC) transcription with increased H3K27me3 and decreased H3K36me3 levels in response to cold temperatures. However, the molecular connection between COOLAIR and histone modification factors in the absence of cold treatment remains unclear. We report that the RNA binding protein FCA interacts with the PRC2 subunit CURLY LEAF (CLF) and binds nascent COOLAIR transcripts to allow deposition of H3K27me3 at FLC. Loss of COOLAIR function results in a reduction in FCA and CLF enrichment, which, in turn, decreases H3K27me3 levels at FLC. The Arabidopsis protein phosphatase SSU72 physically interacts with the RRM1 motif of FCA to antagonize FCA binding with COOLAIR. Mutations in SSU72 caused early flowering, reduced FLC transcription, increased CLF enrichment and H3K27me3, and enhanced affinity between FCA and COOLAIR. Our results suggest that FCA binding of COOLAIR and SSU72 is critical for PRC2 enrichment and H3K27me3 deposition in Arabidopsis.

19.
ISME J ; 13(8): 2044-2057, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962514

RESUMO

Several abundant but yet uncultivated bacterial groups exist in extreme iron- and sulfur-rich environments, and the physiology, biodiversity, and ecological roles of these bacteria remain a mystery. Here we retrieved four metagenome-assembled genomes (MAGs) from an artificial acid mine drainage (AMD) system, and propose they belong to a new deltaproteobacterial order, Candidatus Acidulodesulfobacterales. The distribution pattern of Ca. Acidulodesulfobacterales in AMDs across Southeast China correlated strongly with ferrous iron. Reconstructed metabolic pathways and gene expression profiles showed that they were likely facultatively anaerobic autotrophs capable of nitrogen fixation. In addition to dissimilatory sulfate reduction, encoded by dsrAB, dsrD, dsrL, and dsrEFH genes, these microorganisms might also oxidize sulfide, depending on oxygen concentration and/or oxidation reduction potential. Several genes with homology to those involved in iron metabolism were also identified, suggesting their potential role in iron cycling. In addition, the expression of abundant resistance genes revealed the mechanisms of adaptation and response to the extreme environmental stresses endured by these organisms in the AMD environment. These findings shed light on the distribution, diversity, and potential ecological role of the new order Ca. Acidulodesulfobacterales in nature.

20.
Inorg Chem ; 58(7): 4626-4633, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869518

RESUMO

We first report single crystal X-ray analysis of ground crystals of mechanochromic luminescence (MCL) that shows single crystal-to-single crystal transformation (SCSCT). Single crystals of [ZnL2] (1-SG, HL = 2-[[[4-(2-benzoxazolyl)phenyl]imino]-methyl]-5-(diethylamino)-phenol) were obtained upon slight grinding of single crystals of [ZnL2]·0.5CH3OH (1), both of which were characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction. Crystals of 1 showed emission centered at 647 nm (red color), while crystals of 1-SG showed emission band at 624 nm (orange-red color) under UV light, indicating MCL property of the Zn(II) complex. Reversible MCL property with emission color change between red and yellow for 1 was observed upon high grinding and recrystallization. Single crystal X-ray analysis suggested that it is due to the alteration of molecular conformation of ligands in ZnL2 instead of weak intermolecular interaction that 1 exhibits MCL. Investigation of the control Zn(II) complexes (2-4) indicated that flexible substituents and rotated aromatic rings are desirable to generate the MCL-active complexes. In addition, 1 was highly fluorescent in THF solution, but its fluorescence quenched upon addition of water. DFT calculations suggested that this is due to the formation of the excited hydrated ZnL2 species via Zn-O coordination bond, which results in electron-driven proton transfer (EDPT). Aggregates formed as water fraction ( fw) in THF/H2O (v/v) reached 70%, and fluorescence emission was enhanced. This phenomenon continued until fw was 90%, indicating aggregation-induced emission (AIE) property. The mechanism of AIE of ZnL2 in THF/H2O is the restriction of intramolecular rotation (RIR).

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