Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 769
Filtrar
1.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; PP2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33970858

RESUMO

Automated airway segmentation is a prerequisite for pre-operative diagnosis and intra-operative navigation for pulmonary intervention. Due to the small size and scattered spatial distribution of peripheral bronchi, this is hampered by a severe class imbalance between foreground and background regions, which makes it challenging for CNN-based methods to parse distal small airways. In this paper, we demonstrate that this problem is arisen by gradient erosion and dilation of the neighborhood voxels. During back-propagation, if the ratio of the foreground gradient to background gradient is small while the class imbalance is local, the foreground gradients can be eroded by their neighborhoods. This process cumulatively increases the noise information included in the gradient flow from top layers to the bottom ones, limiting the learning of small structures in CNNs. To alleviate this problem, we use group supervision and the corresponding WingsNet to provide complementary gradient flows to enhance the training of shallow layers. To further address the intra-class imbalance between large and small airways, we design a General Union loss function that obviates the impact of airway size by distance-based weights and adaptively tunes the gradient ratio based on the learning process. Extensive experiments on public datasets demonstrate that the proposed method can predict the airway structures with higher accuracy and better morphological completeness than the baselines.

2.
Cell Stem Cell ; 2021 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33961804

RESUMO

Human brain organoids represent remarkable platforms for recapitulating features of human brain development and diseases. Existing organoid models do not resolve fine brain subregions, such as different nuclei in the hypothalamus. We report the generation of arcuate organoids (ARCOs) from human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to model the development of the human hypothalamic arcuate nucleus. Single-cell RNA sequencing of ARCOs revealed significant molecular heterogeneity underlying different arcuate cell types, and machine learning-aided analysis based on the neonatal human hypothalamus single-nucleus transcriptome further showed a human arcuate nucleus molecular signature. We also explored ARCOs generated from Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) patient iPSCs. These organoids exhibit aberrant differentiation and transcriptomic dysregulation similar to postnatal hypothalamus of PWS patients, indicative of cellular differentiation deficits and exacerbated inflammatory responses. Thus, patient iPSC-derived ARCOs represent a promising experimental model for investigating nucleus-specific features and disease-relevant mechanisms during early human arcuate development.

3.
Redox Biol ; 43: 101989, 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940548

RESUMO

Non-thermal plasma (NTP), an engineered technology to generate reactive species, induces ferroptosis and/or apoptosis specifically in various-type cancer cells. NTP-activated Ringer's lactate (PAL) is another modality for cancer therapy at preclinical stage. Here we found that PAL induces selective ferroptosis of malignant mesothelioma (MM) cells, where non-targeted metabolome screening identified upregulated citrulline-nitric oxide (.NO) cycle as a PAL target. .NO probe detected biphasic peaks transiently at PAL exposure with time-dependent increase, which was responsible for inducible . NO synthase (iNOS) overexpression through NF-κB activation. .NO and lipid peroxidation occupied lysosomes as a major compartment with increased TFEB expression. Not only ferrostatin-1 but inhibitors for . NO and/or iNOS could suppress this ferroptosis. PAL-induced ferroptosis accompanied autophagic process in the early phase, as demonstrated by an increase in essential amino acids, LC3B-II, p62 and LAMP1, transforming into the later phase with boosted lipid peroxidation. Therefore, .NO-mediated lysosomal impairment is central in PAL-induced ferroptosis.

5.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(7)2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33807405

RESUMO

We investigated H2O molecule adsorption that had an effect on the luminescence properties of the CsI(Na) crystal using experiments and first-principle calculations. We measured the emission spectra of the CsI(Na) crystal at different exposure times under gamma ray excitation. The experimental results showed that the energy resolution of the CsI(Na) crystal was worse when the crystal surface adsorbed more H2O molecules, and the crystal surface deliquescence decreased the luminescence efficiency of the CsI(Na) crystal. We studied the band structure, density of states, and optical properties changes caused by H2O molecule adsorption on the CsI(Na) (010) surface. The generalized gradient approximation (GGA) was used to describe the exchange and correlation potential between the electrons. Our calculation results showed that the band gap width of the CsI(Na) (010) surface decreased after adsorbing H2O molecules, while three new peaks appeared in the valence band, and the absorption coefficient decreased from 90,000 cm-1 to 65,000 cm-1, and the reflection coefficient decreased from 0.195 to 0.105. Further, the absorption coefficient was reduced by at least 25% because of H2O molecule adsorption, which led to the luminescence degradation of the CsI(Na) crystal.

6.
Insect Sci ; 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811731

RESUMO

The gut bacteria of honey bee recognized as a mutualistic partner with the insect host might have originated from a free-living or parasitic lifestyle. However, little is known about the genomic features underlying this lifestyle transition. Here we compared the genomes of bee gut bacteria Apibacter with their close relatives living in different lifestyles. We found that despite general reduction in the Apibacter genome, genes involved in amino acid synthesis and monosaccharide detoxification were retained, which is putatively beneficial to the host. Interestingly, the microaerobic Apibacter species specifically acquired genes encoding for the nitrate respiration (NAR). These together with nitrate transporter and enzymatic cofactor synthesis genes were found clustered in the genomes. The NAR system is also conserved in the cohabitating bee gut microbe Snodgrassella, although with a different structure. This convergence suggests a key role of respiratory nitrate reduction for microaerophilic microbiomes to colonize bee gut epithelium. Genes involved in lipid, histidine degradation were found partially or completely lost in Apibacter. Particularly, genes encoding for the conversion to the toxic intermediates in phenylacetate degradation, as well as other potential virulence factors, are specifically lost in Apibacter group. Antibiotic resistance genes are only sporadically distributed among Apibacter species, but are prevalent in their relatives, which may be related to the remotely living feature and less exposure to antibiotics of their bee hosts. Collectively, this study advanced our knowledge of genomic features specialized to bee gut symbionts.

7.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(2): 211-218, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877537

RESUMO

The association between meteorological factors and infectious diarrhea has been widely studied in many countries. However, investigation among children under 5 years old in Jiangsu, China remains quite limited. Data including infectious diarrhea cases among children under five years old and daily meteorological indexes in Jiangsu, China from 2015 to 2019 were collected. The lag-effects up to 21 days of daily maximum temperature (Tmax) on infectious diarrhea were explored using a quasi-Poisson regression with a distributed lag non-linear model (DLNM) approach. The cases number of infectious diarrhea was significantly associated with seasonal variation of meteorological factors, and the burden of disease mainly occurred among children aged 0-2 years old. Moreover, when the reference value was set at 16.7°C, Tmax had a significant lag-effect on cases of infectious diarrhea among children under 5 years old in Jiangsu Province, which was increased remarkably in cold weather with the highest risk at 8°C. The results of DLNM analysis implicated that the lag-effect of Tmax varied among the 13 cities in Jiangsu and had significant differences in 8 cities. The highest risk of Tmax was presented at 5 lag days in Huaian with a maximum RR of 1.18 (95% CI: 1.09, 1.29). Suzhou which had the highest number of diarrhea cases (15830 cases), had a maximum RR of 1.04 (95% CI:1.03, 1.05) on lag 15 days. Tmax is a considerable indicator to predict the epidemic of infectious diarrhea among 13 cities in Jiangsu, which reminds us that in cold seasons, more preventive strategies and measures should be done to prevent infectious diarrhea.

8.
Neural Plast ; 2021: 5524381, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880118

RESUMO

Branchio-oto-renal spectrum disorder (BORSD) is characterized by hearing loss accompanied by ear malformations, branchial cysts, and fistulae, with (branchio-oto-renal syndrome (BORS)) or without renal abnormalities (BOS (branchio-otic syndrome)). As the most common causative gene for BORSD, dominant mutations in EYA1 are responsible for approximately 40% of the cases. In a sporadic deaf patient diagnosed as BOS, we identified an apparent heterozygous genomic deletion spanning the first four coding exons and one 5' noncoding exon of EYA1 by targeted next-generation sequencing of 406 known deafness genes. Real-time PCR at multiple regions of EYA1 confirmed the existence of this genomic deletion and extended its 5' boundary beyond the 5'-UTR. Whole genome sequencing subsequently located the 5' and 3' breakpoints to 19268 bp upstream to the ATG initiation codon and 3180 bp downstream to exon 5. PCR amplification across the breakpoints in both the patient and his parents showed that the genomic alteration occurred de novo. Sanger sequencing of this PCR product revealed that it is in fact a GRCh38/hg38:chr8:g.71318554_71374171delinsTGCC genomic deletion-insertion. Our results showed that the genomic variant is responsible for the hearing loss associated with BOS and provided an example for deciphering such cryptic genomic alterations following pipelines of comprehensive exome/genome sequencing and designed verification.

10.
Transplant Proc ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888345

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT), a serious complication after orthotopic liver transplantation, almost always leads to morbidity and mortality without urgent revascularization or retransplantation, especially if HAT occurs within a few days after transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: Herein we describe a case report of an orthotopic liver transplantation patient surviving without hepatic artery flow due to HAT on postoperative day 1. Reanastomosis, thrombectomy, and intra-arterial thrombolysis were performed, but only retrograde arterial flow by Doppler ultrasound, not by angiography, could be demonstrated in the hepatic artery. This case report is in compliance with the Declaration of Helsinki and the Declaration of Istanbul. CONCLUSION: Based on the evidence from this patient, we believe that patients with failed revascularization can experience a long-term survival with conservative treatment. Retransplantation should be evaluated based on laboratory findings because graft function in individual patients can recover.

11.
Hematol Oncol ; 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33848027

RESUMO

Killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) receptor-ligand mismatch has been shown to be protective for acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD, cGVHD) following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) for acute leukemia. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have been considered as one of the most promising prophylaxis for severe GVHD. However, there are no prospective or retrospective studies determining whether they can work synergistically on GVHD. To investigate the potential influence of KIR matching and MSCs, and their synergism on aGVHD and cGVHD after allo-HSCT in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients. Data from 104 patients with AML and 50 patients with ALL treated with allo-HSCT in the transplantation unit were retrospectively analyzed. KIR genotyping was performed by the PCR-SSO method. The amplicons were quantified on the Luminex 200 flow analyzer and analyzed using the Quick-Type for Lifecodes software to generate KIR data. Cox proportional hazards models were used in multivariate analyses. KIR receptor-ligand matching was associated with an increased risk of grade II-IV aGVHD compared to KIR receptor-ligand mismatching (p < 0.001) in AML patients, but KIR ligand-mismatching had no significant effect on aGVHD or cGVHD in ALL patients. In contrast, MSCs reduced the incidence of grade II-IV aGVHD in both AML and ALL patients (AML: p = 0.006; ALL: p = 0.008) regardless of KIR mismatching. The combination of KIR receptor-ligand mismatch and MSC transplantation significantly suppressed grade II-IV aGVHD occurrence in AML patients (p = 0.039). In the KIR mismatch group, the incidence of aGVHD was 2.8% in patients receiving MSC compared to 14.6% in those who did not (p = 0.047). KIR receptor-ligand mismatch, MSC transplantation and their combined use significantly reduced the risk of aGVHD after allo-HSCT. These data provide a clinically applicable strategy to reduce aGVHD, thus improving allo-HSCT outcome.

12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 311-315, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. METHODS: A total of 108 children with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) were diagnosed and systematically treated according to Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG) -ALL 2008 in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. The 108 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of mutiplex polymerase chain reaction: group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement and group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. The ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement were all treated by CCLG-ALL 2008 high-risk group (HR) regimens, and the ALL children in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement received different intensity chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification. RESULTS: Five (4 male and 1 female) out of 108 patients with B-ALL had P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. In the 5 B-ALL patients with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, the median age of the was 4 (2-6) years old and the median WBC count was 26.2 (2.46-525.1)×109/L. These patients presented different immunophenotype, including 3 cases of common B-ALL and 2 cases of pre B-ALL. Four patients carried a normal karyotype and 1 patient carried 46, XY, der (20) [22]/46, XY[2]. For the children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, 1 patient (20%) could not achieve complete remission (CR), and minimal residual disease (MRD) of 2 patients (40%) was higher than 1% on day 33 of induction chemotherapy; while in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, all the patient achieved CR, and MRD in 6 patients (5.8%) was higher than 1% on day 33 of induction chemotherapy. The 3 year event-free survival (EFS) of ALL children in group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement was significantly lower than that in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement (60.0%±21.9% vs 85.9%±3.9%) (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The early treatment response and prognosis of ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement are worse, and more effective protocol is needed for this subtype patients.


Assuntos
Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Rearranjo Gênico , Humanos , Masculino , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras B/genética , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/genética , Prognóstico , Receptores de Citocinas/genética , Receptores Purinérgicos P2Y/genética
13.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830434

RESUMO

Host interferon-stimulated gene 20 (ISG20) exerts antiviral effects on viruses by degrading viral RNA or by enhancing IFN signaling. Here, we examined the role of ISG20 during pseudorabies virus (PRV) proliferation. We found that ISG20 modulates PRV replication by enhancing IFN signaling. Further, ISG20 expression was upregulated following PRV infection and poly(I:C) treatment. Ectopic expression of ISG20 inhibited PRV proliferation in PK15 cells, whereas knockdown of ISG20 promoted PRV proliferation. In addition, ISG20 expression upregulated IFN-ß expression and enhanced IFN downstream signaling during PRV infection. Notably, PRV UL24 suppressed the transcription of ISG20, thus antagonizing its antiviral effect. Further domain mapping analysis showed that the N terminus (amino acids 1-90) of UL24 was responsible for the inhibition of ISG20 transcription. Collectively, these findings characterize the role of ISG20 in suppressing PRV replication and increase the understanding of host-PRV interplay.

14.
J Integr Neurosci ; 20(1): 43-53, 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834690

RESUMO

The cingulo-opercular network (CON), dorsal attention network (DAN), and ventral attention network (VAN) are prominently activated during attention tasks. The function of these task-positive networks and their interplay mechanisms in attention is one of the central issues in understanding how the human brain manipulates attention to better adapt to the external environment. This study aimed to clarify the CON, DAN, and VAN's functional hierarchy by assessing causal interactions. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from human participants performing a visual-spatial attention task and correlating Granger causal influences with behavioral performance revealed that CON exerts behavior-enhancing influences upon DAN and VAN, indicating a higher level of CON in top-down attention control. By contrast, the VAN exerts a behavior-degrading influence on CON, indicating external disruption of the CON's control set.

15.
Vet Microbiol ; 257: 109080, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915344

RESUMO

Pseudorabies virus (PRV) is related to alphaherpesvirus and varicellovirus. pUL16 is a conserved protein in all herpesviruses, and studies have shown that UL16 can interact with the viral proteins pUL11, pUL49, pUL21, gD, and gE. In this study, we found that pUL16 interacted with the viral capsid protein VP26, which could not translocate into the nucleus itself but did appear in the nucleus. We further determined whether pUL16 assists the translocation of VP26 into the nucleus. We found that pUL16 interacted with VP26 with or without viral proteins, and since VP26 itself did not contain a nuclear location signal, we concluded that pUL16 assisted the translocation of VP26 into the nucleus. Deletion of UL16 and UL35 significantly reduced the 50 % tissue culture infective dose, virulence, attachment, and internalization of PRV in cells. These results show that the interaction between pUL16 and VP26 influences the growth and virulence of pseudorabies virus. Our research is the first study to show that pUL16 interacts with VP26, which may explain the targeting site of UL16 and viral capsids. It is also the first to show that UL16 assists the transport of other viral proteins to organelles. Previous researches on pUL16 usually emphasized its interaction with pUL11, pUL21, and gE, and sometimes commented on pUL49 and gD. Our research focuses on the novel interaction between pUL16 and VP26, thereby enriching the studies on herpesviruses and possibly providing different directions for researchers.

16.
Eur J Nutr ; 2021 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33852070

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has increased in China. However, the contribution of dietary risks to the NCD burden has not been evaluated. This study aimed to estimate the burden of ischemic heart disease (IHD) and colorectal cancer (CRC) attributable to a diet low in fiber in China from 1990 to 2017. METHODS: China data from the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017 were used to assess the age-, sex-, and province-specific mortality and disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) of IHD and CRC related to a diet low in fiber. RESULTS: In 2017, a diet low in fiber contributed 170,143 [95% uncertainty interval (UI): 99,623-256,806] IHD deaths and 25,561 (95% UI: 13,726-39,215) CRC deaths, with the population attributable fractions (PAFs) were 9.7 and 13.7%, respectively. Males had higher risk-attributable mortality and DALY rates for IHD and CRC than females. An upward trend with age in rates of mortality and DALY was observed. All-age risk-attributable mortality and DALY rates increased significantly by 111.4 and 53.2% for IHD, and 94.4 and 59.6% for CRC from 1990 to 2017, respectively; however, the corresponding age-standardized rates for IHD and CRC showed relatively stable trends. Heilongjiang, Xinjiang, and Inner Mongolia were ranked as the top three provinces in terms of total risk-attributable NCD burden in 2017. CONCLUSIONS: China has a large and growing NCD burden attributable to a diet low in fiber. Greater priority in disease prevention and control should be given to male and older adults throughout China, particularly in some western provinces.

17.
Mar Drugs ; 19(4)2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33917402

RESUMO

The marine sponge of the genus Geodia, Jaspis, Rhabdastrella, and Stelletta are characterized chemically by a variety of isomalabaricane triterpenes. This class of compounds drew spotlights in marine lead discovery due to their profound anti-proliferative properties. Further research on exploring its chemical diversity led to the identifications of two new isomalabaricane-type triterpenes rhabdastin H (1) and rhabdastin I (2). Their structures were unraveled using a series of spectroscopic approaches. These isolates were found to exhibit unique structural features with the only reported tetrahydrofuran functionality among all marine-derived isomalabaricanes. Both compounds 1 and 2 showed activities against K562 (IC50 11.7 and 9.8 µM) and Molt4 (IC50 16.5 and 11.0 µM) leukemic cells in MTT cell proliferative assay.

18.
Arch Virol ; 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900472

RESUMO

Tripartite motif protein 21 (TRIM21) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase and cytosolic antibody receptor of the TRIM family. Previous reports have indicated that TRIM21 plays an important role during viral infection. This study aimed at examining the role of TRIM21 in the replication of porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) and showed that TRIM21 inhibits PEDV proliferation by targeting and degrading the nucleocapsid (N) protein through the proteasomal pathway. Furthermore, the endogenous expression of TRIM21 was found to be downregulated by PEDV infection in Vero and LLC-PK1 cells. Overexpression of TRIM21 inhibited PEDV replication, whereas knockdown of TRIM21 increased viral titers and N protein levels. TRIM21 was found to interact and colocalize with the N protein, and the TRIM21-mediated antiviral effect was dependent on its ubiquitin ligase activity, which engages in polyubiquitination and degradation of the N protein in a proteasome-dependent manner. Taken together, these findings provide information about the role of TRIM21 in PEDV proliferation and increase our understanding of host-virus interactions.

19.
Langmuir ; 37(17): 5321-5328, 2021 May 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33882669

RESUMO

The discrimination and quantification of the ingredients from natural medicines are a challenging issue due to their complicated and various structures. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have shown great promise in sensing applications. Here, we report a fluorescent sensor array for rapid identification of some natural compounds using a sensor array composed of four kinds of lanthanide (Eu3+ and Tb3+) fluorescent MOFs (Ln-MOFs), which have diversified fluorescent responses to 26 active/toxic compounds including 12 saponins, 7 flavonoids, 3 stilbenes, and 4 anthraquinones. The fluorescence of the Ln-MOFs after reaction with the compounds was summarized as datasets and processed by principle component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) methods. The corresponding responses of the 4 types of compounds are well separated on 2D/3D PCA score plots and HCA dendrograms. We have also tested typical blind samples by concentration-dependent PCA, and an accuracy of 100% was obtained. In addition, the response mechanisms of the Ln-MOFs to the compounds were also studied. Compared with traditional methods using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, the developed fluorescent sensor array provides a more efficient and economic strategy to discriminate various active/toxic ingredients in natural medicine.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792838

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Excessive autophagy and apoptosis of the interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) have been identified in gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders including slow transit constipation (STC). MicroRNA 222 (miR-222) has been shown to affect GI motility. This study aimed to explore whether miR-222 influences apoptosis and excessive autophagy of isolated ICC. METHODS: miR-222, c-kit, and stem cell factor (SCF) were evaluated in colon tissues in STC rats compared with normal control by qRT-PCR and western blot analysis. The condition of autophagy of colon tissue was observed by transmission electron microscope. ICC were isolated from the colon of STC rats. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay and wound healing assay were carried out to examine the cell viability and migration rate. Cell apoptosis was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) and Annexin V-Flourescein Isothiocyanate/Propidine Iodide (FITC/PI) apoptosis detection kit. Western blot analysis was performed to detect the c-kit and SCF expression; apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2, Bax, caspase-3, and pro-caspase-3; and autophagy-related proteins LC3B and Beclin-1. The connection between miR-222 and c-kit was detected by bioinformatics and luciferase activity analysis. RESULTS: miR-222 expression was significantly higher, whereas c-kit and SCF expressions were markedly lower in STC rats' colon tissue compared with normal control. Meanwhile, STC rats exhibited excessive autophagy in colon tissue than normal control. Inhibition of miR-222 expression promoted cell proliferation as well as migration and inhibited autophagy, whereas upregulation of miR-222 had the opposite effect. In addition, miR-222 upregulation induced apoptosis and excessive autophagy compared with normal controls (NC). Western blot analysis showed that miR-222 overexpression caused decreased c-kit and SCF protein levels compared with NC. Bioinformatics and luciferase activity analysis revealed that miR-222 could be a predictive regulator of c-kit. CONCLUSION: miR-222 induces apoptosis and excessive autophagy of ICC and may serve as potential biomarker for ICC loss in STC.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...