Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.579
Filtrar
1.
Biosci Rep ; 2021 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34633445

RESUMO

To clarify the effect of retinoid X receptor-a/g (RXR-α/γ) genes functional genetic variants (RXR-α rs4842194 G>A, RXR-γ rs100537 A>G and rs2134095 T>C) on the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), a case-control study with 573 GDM patients and 740 pregnant women with normal glucose tolerance was performed in Guangxi area of China. An odds ratio (OR) with its corresponding 95%CI was used to assess the strengths of the association between genetic variation and GDM. After adjustment of age and pre-BMI, the logistic regression analysis showed that the rs2134095 was significantly associated with GDM risk (CC vs. TT/TC: adjusted OR=0.71, 95%CI=0.56~0.90) in all subjects, and this result remained highly significant after Bonferroni's correction for multiple testing (P=0.004). The stratified analysis showed that rs2134095 was significantly associated with the risk of GDM among age>30 years (adjusted OR=0.61, 95%CI=0.39~0.97), BMI>22 kg/m2 (adjusted OR=0.46, 95%CI= 0.30~0.70), SBP>120mmHg (adjusted OR=1.96, 95%CI= 1.14~3.36), HbA1c<6.5%(adjusted OR=1.41, 95%CI=1.11~1.78), TG≤1.7mmol/L(adjusted OR=2.57,95%CI=1.45~4.53), TC≤ 5.18mmol/L (adjusted OR=1.58, 95%CI=1.13~2.22), HDL-c≤1.5mmol/L(adjusted OR=1.70, 95%CI= 1.16~2.49) and LDL-c> 3.12 mmol/L(adjusted OR= 1.47, 95%CI= 1.08~2.00) subjects, under the recessive genetic model. We also found that rs2134095 interacted with age (Pinteraction=0.039), pre-BMI (Pinteraction=0.040) and TG (Pinteraction=0.025) influencing individual's genetic susceptibility to GDM. The rs2134095 T>C is significantly associated with the risk of GDM by effect of a single locus and / or complex joint gene-gene and gene-environment interactions. Larger sample-size and different population studies are required to confirm the findings.

2.
Clin J Pain ; 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636753

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Single-injection erector spinae plane block (ESPB) provides good control of pain relief after open thoracotomy surgeries. However, the duration of pain relief does not last long. For this purpose, we hypothesized that adding α2-adrenoceptor agonist, dexmedetomidine, for interfascial nerve blockade may increase the duration of analgesia. There are only few studies using dexmedetomidine for interfasical nerve blocks in humans. In this study, our aim is to investigate whether addition of dexmedetomidine to ropivacaine for ESPB could effectively prolong the duration of postoperative analgesia and reduce opioid consumption after open thoracotomy. METHODS: Sixty patients with esophageal cancer were randomized to receive ESPB using 28▒mL of 0.5% ropivacaine, with 2▒mL of normal saline (group R) or 0.5▒µg/kg dexmedetomidine in 2▒mL (group RD) administered interfascially. ESPB was performed at the 5th thoracic level under ultrasound guidance. The primary outcome was the duration of analgesia. The secondary outcomes were total postoperative sufentanil consumption, numerical rating scale pain scores, Ramsay sedation scale scores and adverse effects. RESULTS: The duration of analgesia in group RD (505.1±113.9) was longer than that in group R (323.2±75.4) (P<0.001). The total postoperative sufentanil consumption was lower in group RD (23.3±10.0) than in group R (33.8±13.8) (P=0.001). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse effects between the two groups. CONCLUSION: After open thoracotomy, addition of dexmedetomidine to ropivacaine for ESPB could effectively prolong the duration of postoperative analgesia and reduce opioid consumption without increasing additional incidence of adverse effects.

3.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 128, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34598710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Drug resistance and recurrence are main contributors to the poor prognosis of ovarian cancer. Cisplatin is a platinum compound which is widely used in the treatment of various solid tumors including ovarian cancer. Up to now, the mechanism of cisplatin resistance in ovarian cancer is unclear. Threonine and tyrosine kinase (TTK), an integral part of the spindle assembly checkpoint, may be a potential new target associated with chemotherapy sensitivity. RESULTS: TTK was up-regulated in the cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cell line. Down-regulation of TTK could recover the sensitivity of cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer cells to cisplatin treatment. Mechanistically, the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway was activated in cisplatin-resistant cells, and this pathway would be affected by TTK expression. Furthermore, TTK was highly expressed in the tissues of ovarian cancer patients, especially those acquired resistance to cisplatin. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that TTK may be a promising therapeutic target for cisplatin-resistant ovarian cancer.

4.
Am J Surg ; 2021 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few studies have compared the features of thyroid cancer among races and ethnicities. We hypothesized that race and ethnicity may influence the frequency and features of thyroid malignancy in thyroid nodules. METHOD: This was a retrospective chart review of patients between 2013 and 2020 who underwent thyroidectomy. RESULTS: In the analysis of 2737 patients, thyroid cancer was less prevalent among Blacks (24.0% vs Whites 52.1%, Hispanics 58.7%, Asians 71.7%, and Others 57.9%, p < 0.001). Thyroid cancer in Blacks was less likely to have extrathyroidal extension (9.7% vs Whites 18.6%, Hispanics 25.8%, Asians 18.2%, and Others 17.8%, p = 0.01), overall nodal involvement (12.4% vs Whites 31.1%, Hispanics 37.5%, Asians 36.3%, and Others 30.1%, p < 0.01), and lateral neck metastasis (4.4% vs Whites 10.8%, Hispanics 6.3%, Asians 13.2%, and Others 9.6%, p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Race and ethnicity may play important roles in the risk of malignancy as well as in the extent of thyroid cancer.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34652055

RESUMO

Two new chemically-stable metalloporphyrin-bridged metal-catechol frameworks, InTCP-Co and FeTCP-Co, are constructed to achieve artificial photosynthesis without additional sacrificial agents and photosensitizers. The CO 2 photoreduction rate over FeTCP-Co considerably exceeds that obtained over InTCP-Co, and the incorporation of an uncoordinated hydroxyl group per catechol into the network further greatly promotes the photocatalytic activity. It could be explained by the fact that the iron-oxo coordination chain helps the energy band alignment and provides a redox-active site, and the uncoordinated hydroxyl group contributes to the visible-light absorptance, charge carrier transfer, and CO 2 -scaffold affinity. With a formic acid selectivity of 97.8%, FeTCP-OH-Co affords CO 2 photoconversion with a reaction rate 4.3 and 15.7 times higher than those of FeTCP- Co and InTCP-Co, respectively. These findings are also consistent with the spectroscopic study and DFT calculation.

6.
J Immunother Cancer ; 9(9)2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immune checkpoint inhibitors have revolutionized cancer treatment, but the benefits in refractory patients with esophageal cancer have been modest. Predictors of response as well as new targets for novel therapeutic combinations are needed. In this phase 2 clinical trial, we tested single-agent pembrolizumab in patients with advanced esophageal cancer, who received at least one prior line of therapy. METHODS: Pembrolizumab 200 mg every 3 weeks was tested in 49 patients with refractory esophageal cancer: 39 with adenocarcinoma and 10 with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Major endpoints were radiological response by Immune-related Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors and survival. Tumor samples were evaluated for programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, tumor mutational burden (TMB), and immune contexture by both NanoString mRNA expression analysis and flow cytometry. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells and a panel of circulating chemokines were also analyzed. RESULTS: The overall response rate (ORR) was 8% (4 of 49 patients; 95% CI 2.3% to 19.6%). Median overall survival (OS) was 5.8 months (95% CI 4.0 to 9.5). ORR and OS were not associated with histology. For PD-L1-positive patients, ORR was 13.3% (95% CI 1.7% to 40.5%) and median OS was 7.9 months (95% CI 4.7 to 15.5). A trend toward improved OS was observed in seven patients with a TMB ≥10 mut/Mb (p=0.086). Tumors with a PD-L1 Combined Positive Score ≥1 showed enrichment of LAG3 (p=0.005) and IDO1 (p=0.04) gene expression. Baseline levels of circulating CXCL10, interleukin 2 (IL2) receptor α (IL2RA) and IL6 were associated with survival: CXCL10 favorably, (HR 0.37, p=0.002 (progression-free survival); HR 0.55, p=0.018 (OS)); IL2RA and IL6 unfavorably (HR 1.57, p=0.020 for IL6 (OS); HR 2.36, p=0.025 for IL2RA (OS)). CONCLUSIONS: Pembrolizumab monotherapy was modestly effective in refractory esophageal cancer. Circulating CXCL10 at baseline appeared to be a robust predictor of response. Other T cell exhaustion markers are upregulated in PD-L1-positive patients, suggesting that immunotherapy combinations such as anti-LAG3/programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) or anti-IDO1/PD-1 may be of promise in refractory esophageal cancer.

7.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 43(4): 590-594, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494531

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the oral health status and awareness of urban children in Lhasa,aiming to provide a data basis for the prevention and treatment of children's caries and the promotion of oral health education. Methods A total of 504 Tibetan students were selected by cluster sampling from 2 primary schools in Chengguan District of Lhasa.All the participants were required to take oral health examination and complete a questionnaire about oral health awareness and behavior. Results The caries prevalence rate and mean decayed-missing-filled tooth(DMFT)of permanent teeth were 75.00% and 2.18±1.91,respectively.The rates of pit and fissure sealant and filling of permanent teeth were 3.77% and 6.81%,respectively.The caries prevalence rate of first permanent molars was 47.62%.The mean DMFT of permanent teeth and caries prevalence rate of first permanent molar were significantly higher in female group(P=0.001 and P=0.007,respectively).The prevalence rate of dental fluorosis was 61.51%,and the detection rate of dental calculus was 71.83%.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that prevalence of caries was influenced by many independent factors including gender,oral health awareness,intention of dental intervention,and dental experience. Conclusion High caries prevalence rate,low filling rate,and poor oral hygiene and health awareness were found among the primary school students in Lhasa,which require continuous dentistry investment and oral health education for the local students and their parents.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Higiene Bucal , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Brain Behav ; : e2364, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34554655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is one of the most important risk factors for health, and China is the largest producer and consumer of tobacco in the world. Monitoring and controlling the tobacco epidemic is an important issue. However, the motivation underlying smoking behavior is complex and specific to the individual. The Habit, Reward and Fear Scale (HRFS) is a feasible tool to evaluate this complex motivation. OBJECTIVES: To validate the psychometric properties of the HRFS Chinese version (HRFS-C) and to assess the relationship between motivation and smoking behavior. METHOD: We recruited 967 participants through social media and assessed their smoking behavior with three instruments: the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence-Chinese version (FTND-C), the Questionnaire on Smoking Urges-Brief Scale-Chinese version (QSU-brief-C), and the HRFS-C. Ultimately, we retained 700 valid data points. Cronbach's α and split-half tests were used to evaluate the reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson's r and an analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to evaluate the validity. In addition, linear regression was used to explore the relationship among the three instruments. The HRFS-C showed good homogeneity (α = 0.965), concurrent validity, and discriminant validity. A significant linear relationship was observed among the FTND-C, QSU-brief-C, and HRFS-C (p < .001). CONCLUSION: The motivation measured by the HRFS-C can significantly predict nicotine dependence and craving in the smoking population. The HRFS-C can be used to carry out targeted interventions for addicted patients (e.g., motivational enhancement therapy).

9.
J Ovarian Res ; 14(1): 122, 2021 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535163

RESUMO

Serous ovarian cancer (SOC) is the most common women cancer and the leading cause of cancer-related mortality among the gynaecological malignancies. Although effective chemotherapeutics combined with surgery are developed for the treatment, the five-year survival rate is unsatisfactory due to chemoresistance. To overcome this shortcoming of chemotherapy, we established taxol and carboplatin resistant SOC cell lines for the understandings of the molecular and cellular mechanisms of chemoresistance. Here, we found that these chemoresistant cell lines showed less viability and proliferation, due to more cells arrested at G0/G1 phase. Glutathione-S-transferases-theta1 (GSTT1) was significantly upregulated in these chemoresistant cells, along with other chemoresistant genes. Meanwhile, GSTT1 expression was also significantly upregulated in the SOC patient tissues after taxol treatment, indicating this upregulation was physiologically relevant to chemotherapy. Further, suppression of GSTT1 expression by shRNA in SOC cell lines led to more sensitivity to drug treatment, through increasing divided cells and promoting cell death. Moreover, the expression of DNA topoisomerase 1 (Topo I) was in synergy with that of GSTT1 in the chemoresistant cells, and GSTT1 can bind to Topo I in vitro, which suggested GSTT1 could function through DNA repair mechanism during chemoresistance. In summary, our data imply that GSTT1 may be a potential biomarker or indicator of drug resistance in serous ovarian cancer.

10.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e045655, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34518248

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder that presents with abdominal pain/discomfort and altered bowel patterns. IBS has multiple potential causes for which conventional medicines have had limited success, resulting in a significant number of patients who do not sensitively respond to pharmacotherapy for a period of 12 months and who develop a continuing symptom profile (described as refractory IBS) and seek help through (non)pharmacological treatments. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy and safety of acupuncture therapy for refractory IBS on the basis of conventional treatments. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 170 eligible patients who meet the Rome IV criteria for refractory IBS will be randomly allocated to receive acupuncture or sham acupuncture. Each patient will receive 12 sessions of acupuncture over 4 weeks and a 4-week follow-up. The primary outcome will be the IBS Symptom Severity Score. Secondary outcomes will include the proportion of participants experiencing adequate relief of global IBS symptoms, the weekly frequency of defecation, the stool properties assessed by the Bristol Grading Scale, the Work and Social Adjustment Scale, the IBS-Quality of Life score, and the Self-Rating Depression Scale and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale anxiety and depression scores. Outcome measures will be collected at baseline, 2 and 4 weeks of the intervention, and 6 and 8 weeks after the intervention. Categorical variables will be compared with Fisher's exact test or the Wilcoxon rank-sum test, and continuous variables will be compared using Student's t-test or the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The entire project has been approved by the ethics committees of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (2020BZYLL0507) and Sichuan Province Regional Institution for Conducting Research on Traditional Chinese Medicine (2020KL-025). The outcomes of the trial will be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT04276961.

11.
Molecules ; 26(18)2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577082

RESUMO

In our continuous search for antibacterial agents against Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) from kiwi-associated fungi, two pairs of epimeric cytochalasins, zopfiellasins A-D (1-4), were characterized from the fungus Zopfiella sp. The structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis, while the absolute configurations were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 3 exhibited antibacterial activity against Psa with MIC values of 25 and 50 µg/mL, respectively. This is the first report of anti-Psa activity of cytochalasin derivatives.

12.
J Neural Eng ; 18(5)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34534980

RESUMO

Objective.Unconsciousness is a key feature related to general anesthesia (GA) but is difficult to be evaluated accurately by anesthesiologists clinically.Approach.To tracking the loss of consciousness (LOC) and recovery of consciousness (ROC) under GA, in this study, by investigating functional connectivity of the scalp electroencephalogram, we explore any potential difference in brain networks among anesthesia induction, anesthesia recovery, and the resting state.Main results.The results of this study demonstrated significant differences among the three periods, concerning the corresponding brain networks. In detail, the suppressed default mode network, as well as the prolonged characteristic path length and decreased clustering coefficient, during LOC was found in the alpha band, compared to the Resting and the ROC state. When to further identify the Resting and LOC states, the fused network topologies and properties achieved the highest accuracy of 95%, along with a sensitivity of 93.33% and a specificity of 96.67%.Significance.The findings of this study not only deepen our understanding of propofol-induced unconsciousness but also provide quantitative measurements subserving better anesthesia management.

13.
Exp Cell Res ; : 112842, 2021 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563514

RESUMO

We explore the role of miR-125b in septic cardiomyopathy, focusing on miR-125b/STAT3/HMGB1 axis. CLP mouse model and LPS-stimulated primary rat cardiomyocytes (CMs) and H9C2 cell were used as in vivo and in vitro models of septic cardiomyopathy, respectively. qRT-PCR and western blot were performed to measure expression levels of miR-125b, STAT3, HMGB1, and autophagy-related proteins. MTT assay was employed to examine LPS toxicity. Dual luciferase activity assay and CHIP were performed to validate interactions of miR-125b/STAT3 and STAT3/HMGB1 promoter. Immunostaining was used to assess the level of autophagic flux. ROS level was measured by fluorescence assay. Heart functions were examined via intracoronary Doppler ultrasound. miR-125b was diminished while STAT3 and HMGB1 were elevated in the heart tissue following CLP surgery and in LPS-treated H9C2 cells. LPS treatment up-regulated ROS generation and suppressed autophagic flux. Overexpression of miR-125b mimics or knockdown of STAT3 or HMGB1 alleviated LPS-induced hindrance of autophagic flux and ROS production. miR-125b directly targeted STAT3 mRNA and STAT3 bound with HMGB1 promoter. Overexpression of miR-125b mitigated myocardial dysfunction induced by CLP in vivo. Hyperactivation of STAT3/HMGB1 caused by reduced miR-125b contributes to ROS generation and the hindrance of autophagic flux during septic cardiomyopathy, leading to myocardial dysfunction.

14.
J Surg Res ; 269: 76-82, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525429

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telemedicine has become a key modality for health care delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic, including for endocrine surgery. Little data exists on patients' and referring endocrinologists' perspectives of its use. The study aimed to assess and compare endocrine surgery patients' attitudes about telemedicine to that of referring endocrinologists. METHOD: Patients from a regional endocrine surgery practice and referring endocrinologists were sent surveys about their perspectives on telemedicine use. RESULTS: Fifty two patients responded: average age was 58.3 years; 78% were female; 33% were Black. Sixteen referring endocrinologists responded: average age was 52.4 years; 62.5% were female. Nearly all patients (92%) and providers (100%) would try telemedicine or use it again. Providers were more likely than patients to use telemedicine because of COVID-19 (100% versus 70.6%, P = 0.03). Patients were more concerned about the lack of personal connection with telemedicine than providers (60.8% versus 25.0%, P = 0.02). Endocrinologists were more interested in using telemedicine to review abnormal results (81.3% versus 35.3%, P <0.01), and more patients were specifically disinterested in reviewing abnormal results via telemedicine (54.9% versus 6.3%, P = 0.04). Patients were more interested in its use for postoperative visits (47.1% versus 0%, P <0.01). More endocrinologists were specifically disinclined to conduct new consultations with telemedicine (87.5% versus 58.8%, P <0.01). CONCLUSION: Telemedicine is a mutually acceptable method for patients and their referring providers for endocrine surgery delivery, although in-person visits continue to have their place. Telemedicine use may continue to expand after the pandemic as an important point of access for endocrine surgery.

15.
Front Cell Infect Microbiol ; 11: 691092, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34490138

RESUMO

Oral microbiota is constantly changing with the host state, whereas the oral microbiome of chronic erythematous candidiasis remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to compare oral microbial signatures and functional profiling between chronic erythematous candidiasis and healthy subjects. Using shotgun metagenomic sequencing, we analyzed the microbiome in 12 chronic erythematous candidiasis, 12 healthy subjects, and 2 chronic erythematous candidiasis cured by antifungal therapy. We found that the salivary microbiota of chronic erythematous candidiasis was significantly different from that of healthy subjects. Among them, Rothia mucilaginosa and Streptococcus mitis were the most abundant disease-enriched species (Mann-Whitney U-test, P < 0.05). In addition, co-occurrence network analysis showed that C. albicans formed densely connected modules with oral bacterial species and was mainly positive connected to Streptococcus species. Furthermore, we investigated the functional potentials of the microbiome and identified a set of microbial marker genes associated with chronic erythematous candidiasis. Some of these genes enriching in chronic erythematous candidiasis are involved in eukaryotic ribosome, putative glutamine transport system, and cytochrome bc1 complex respiratory unit. Altogether, this study revealed the changes of oral microbial composition, the co-occurrence between C. albicans and oral bacteria, as well as the changes of microbial marker genes during chronic erythematous candidiasis, which provides evidence of oral microbiome as a target for the treatment and prevention of chronic erythematous candidiasis.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(17): 8244-8260, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410682

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Septic cardiomyopathy is a common complication of sepsis with high morbidity and mortality, but lacks specific therapy. This study aimed to reveal the role of circTLK1 and its potential mechanisms in septic cardiomyopathy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The in vitro and in vivo models of septic cardiomyopathy were established. Cell viability and apoptosis were detected by CCK8, TUNEL and flow cytometry, respectively. LDH, CK, SOD, MDA, ATP, 8-OHdG, NAD+/NADH ratio, ROS level, mitochondrial membrane potential and cytochrome C distribution were evaluated using commercial kits. qRT-PCR and western blotting were performed to detect RNA and protein levels. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) copy number and transcription were assessed by quantitative PCR. Dual-luciferase assay, RNA immunoprecipitation and co-immunoprecipitation were performed to verify the interaction between circTLK1/PARP1 and miR-17-5p. RESULTS: CircTLK1, PARP1 and HMGB1 were up-regulated in the in vitro and in vivo models of septic cardiomyopathy. CircTLK1 inhibition restrained LPS-induced up-regulation of PARP1 and HMGB1. Moreover, circTLK1 knockdown repressed sepsis-induced mtDNA oxidative damage, mitochondrial dysfunction and consequent cardiomyocyte apoptosis by inhibiting PARP1/HMGB1 axis in vitro and in vivo. In addition, circTLK1 enhanced PARP1 expression via sponging miR-17-5p. Inhibition of miR-17-5p abolished the protective effects of circTLK1 silencing on oxidative mtDNA damage and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. CONCLUSION: CircTLK1 sponged miR-17-5p to aggravate mtDNA oxidative damage, mitochondrial dysfunction and cardiomyocyte apoptosis via activating PARP1/HMGB1 axis during sepsis, indicating that circTLK1 may be a putative therapeutic target for septic cardiomyopathy.

17.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(33)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34380735

RESUMO

Fruit softening is a key component of the irreversible ripening program, contributing to the palatability necessary for frugivore-mediated seed dispersal. The underlying textural changes are complex and result from cell wall remodeling and changes in both cell adhesion and turgor. While a number of transcription factors (TFs) that regulate ripening have been identified, these affect most canonical ripening-related physiological processes. Here, we show that a tomato fruit ripening-specific LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDRIES (LOB) TF, SlLOB1, up-regulates a suite of cell wall-associated genes during late maturation and ripening of locule and pericarp tissues. SlLOB1 repression in transgenic fruit impedes softening, while overexpression throughout the plant under the direction of the 35s promoter confers precocious induction of cell wall gene expression and premature softening. Transcript and protein levels of the wall-loosening protein EXPANSIN1 (EXP1) are strongly suppressed in Sl LOB1 RNA interference lines, while EXP1 is induced in Sl LOB1-overexpressing transgenic leaves and fruit. In contrast to the role of ethylene and previously characterized ripening TFs, which are comprehensive facilitators of ripening phenomena including softening, Sl LOB1 participates in a regulatory subcircuit predominant to cell wall dynamics and softening.

18.
Mar Drugs ; 19(8)2021 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34436295

RESUMO

The intestinal flora is recognized as a significant contributor to the immune system. In this research, the protective effects of oyster peptides on immune regulation and intestinal microbiota were investigated in mice treated with cyclophosphamide. The results showed that oyster peptides restored the indexes of thymus, spleen and liver, stimulated cytokines secretion and promoted the relative mRNA levels of Th1/Th2 cytokines (IL-2, IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10). The mRNA levels of Occludin, Claudin-1, ZO-1, and Mucin-2 were up-regulated, and the NF-κB signaling pathway was also activated after oyster peptides administration. Furthermore, oyster peptides treatment reduced the proportion of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes, increased the relative abundance of Alistipes, Lactobacillus, Rikenell and the content of short-chain fatty acids, and reversed the composition of intestinal microflora similar to that of normal mice. In conclusion, oyster peptides effectively ameliorated cyclophosphamide-induced intestinal damage and modified gut microbiota structure in mice, and might be utilized as a beneficial ingredient in functional foods for immune regulation.

19.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34387828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness of acupoint application (AP) of Guan Xin Su He Pill (, GXSHP) for patients with chronic stable angina pectoris (CSAP). METHODS: This study was carried out in 3 local hospitals in Chengdu, China. After baseline evaluation, eligible patients were randomly assigned to the placebo application for acupoints (PAA) group or the herbal application for acupoints (HAA) group. Patients in the HAA group underwent AP with herbal powder, which was mainly GXSHP, and patients in the PAA group underwent AP with sham drugs. For each treatment session, unilateral acupoints including Neiguan (PC 6), Danzhong (RN 17), Xinshu (BL 15) and Jueyinshu (BL 14), were stimulated for both groups. AP was performed 3 times a week with a 2-day interval for 4 weeks. The primary outcome was the frequency of angina pectoris attacks per week, while the secondary outcomes included angina pain intensity measured by the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), dose of rescue oral drugs (nitroglycerin), scores on the Seattle Angina Questionnaire (SAQ), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale scores (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale scores (SDS). Clinical outcomes were measured at week 0, 4 and 8. The safety of AP of GXSHP treatment for CSAP were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients were enrolled. Baseline characteristics were comparable across the 2 groups. After treatment, the angina attack numbers in the HAA group were significantly reduced from 11.00 to 4.81 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the angina frequency was not significantly improved (baseline 10.55; post-treatment 11.05). The HAA group had significantly fewer angina attacks than the PAA group (P<0.05). Pain intensity measured by VAS in HAA group was significantly reduced from 4.06 to 3.02 (P<0.05). While, for PAA group, the VAS was significantly increased (baseline 3.62; post-treatment 3.96; P<0.05). Clinical outcomes showed better improvement after treatment in the HAA group than in the PAA group in terms of oral administration of rescue drugs, SAS, SDS and SAQ scores (P<0.05). The adverse events were also reported. CONCLUSION: AP of GXSHP is a safe and effective treatment for CSAP patients (Registration No. NCT02029118).

20.
Vet Med Sci ; 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409767

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Germinal vesicle (GV) chromatin configurations of oocytes are proposed to be related to oocyte competence and may reflect the quality of oocyte. Currently, a limited number of published studies investigated the GV chromatin configurations of guinea pig oocytes. OBJECTIVE: In this study on the in vitro maturation (IVM) of guinea pig oocytes, we examined the changes in their GV chromatin configurations during meiotic progression. METHODS: Based on the degree of chromatin compaction, the GV chromatin configurations of guinea pig oocytes could be divided into three categories depending on whether the nucleolus-like body (NLB) was surrounded or partly surrounded by compacted chromatin, namely the uncondensed (NSN), the intermediate type (SN-1) and the compacted type (SN-2). RESULTS: The percentage of cells displaying the SN-2 configuration increased with the growth of guinea pig oocytes, suggesting that this configuration presents the potential for maturation in oocytes. Oocytes derived from larger follicle exhibited increased meiotic potential. Serum starvation affected the GV chromatin configurations of guinea pig oocytes. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, these results suggest that the SN-2 type might be a more mature form of configuration in guinea pig oocyte, whose proportion was associated with the follicle size and susceptible to the environment (e.g. serum concentration).

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...