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1.
Orthop Surg ; 2020 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225607

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lamellated hyperintense synovitis and periprosthetic infection of hip arthroplasty and estimate its value in the diagnosis of infection after hip replacement. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 50 patients who underwent MRI from January 2016 to June 2019 after hip replacement was performed. The MRI scanning was performed with a 1.5T clinical imaging unit using SEMAC protocols. A total of 25 patients (cohort 1) showed infected total hip arthroplasty, and 25 patients had non-infected arthroplasty as controls (cohort 2). Two musculoskeletal radiologists, blinded to the clinical diagnosis, reviewed all the images for the presence of lamellated hyperintense synovitis independently. The cases were rereviewed by each reader after 2 weeks. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were calculated using the first reads. The Kappa statistic was used to assess inter-observer and intra-observer reliability. RESULTS: The incidence of lamellated hyperintense synovitis was 76%-88% in the experimental group and 8%-16% in the control group. The sensitivity of lamellated hyperintense synovitis for infection was 0.80-0.88 (95% confidence interval [CI]:0.59 - 0.97), the specificity was 0.84~0.92 (95% CI: 0.64 -0.99), the positive predictive value 0.83-0.92 (95% CI: 0.67 - 0.98), the negative predictive value 0.81 - 0.88 (95% CI: 0.65 - 0.96). The agreement between two readers was substantial (Kappa = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.58 - 0.94, P < 0.05). There were moderate inter-observer agreements for both readers, reader 1 (Kappa = 0.48, 95%CI: 0.23 - 0.72, P < 0.05) and reader 2 (Kappa = 0.44,95% CI: 0.19 - 0.69, P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In this cohort, the presence of lamellated hyperintense synovitis in the MRI of hip arthroplasty showed high sensitivity and specificity for infection. This sign had substantial intra-observer reliability and moderate inter-observer reliability in the classification of the synovial pattern.

2.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(6): E870-E872, 2020 Nov 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33234190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Idiopathic hyper eosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare disease characterized by a sustained increase in eosinophilia. Heart involvement is called Loffler endocarditis. Loffler endocarditis is a serious complication of hyper eosinophilia syndrome, which is characterized by a special type of fibrotic endocarditis. Loffler endocarditis is an inflammatory cardiac condition characterized by eosinophilic infiltration in the heart. The overall prognosis for patients with Loffler endocarditis is very poor. METHODS: In this article we report an 8-year-old girl who was diagnosed as having Loffler endocarditis in thrombotic phase and was successfully treated with surgery. RESULTS: Our patient had a good prognosis during the half-year follow-up. She had no symptoms of heart failure and echocardiography findings were normal. CONCLUSION: The cardiac damage occurred in a three-stage process: the necrotic, thrombotic, and fibrotic stages. This unusual but sometimes life-threatening disease is often detected in the late phase, resulting in no curative strategy available to reverse the disease process. The overall prognosis of patients with Loffler endocarditis is very poor. Current treatments include anticoagulation and anti-eosinophils therapy, and surgery only in selected cases. Surgical treatment of HES in adolescents is very rare. The present case illustrates that with well-controlled peripheral eosinophilia, proper surgical treatment in selected patients can improve their prognosis in the near future but long-term follow-up is necessary.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33216160

RESUMO

Zygosaccharomyces rouxii plays important roles in the brewing process of fermented foods such as soy sauce, where salt stress is a frequently encountered condition. In this study, effect of heat preadaptation on salt tolerance of Z. rouxii and the protective mechanisms underlying heat preadaptation were investigated based on physiological and transcriptomic analyses. Results showed that cells subjected to heat preadaptation (37 °C, 90 min) prior to salt stress aroused many physiological responses, including maintaining cell surface smooth and intracellular pH level, increasing Na+/K+-ATPase activity. Cells subjected to heat preadaptation increased the amounts of unsaturated fatty acids (palmitoleic C16:1, oleic C18:1, linoleic C18:2) and decreased the amounts of saturated fatty acids (palmitic C16:0, stearic C18:0) which caused the unsaturation degree (unsaturated/saturated = U/S ratio) increased by 2.4 times when compared with cells without preadaptation under salt stress. Besides, salt stress led to increase in contents of 5 amino acids (valine, proline, threonine, glycine, and tyrosine) and decrease of 2 amino acids (serine and lysine). When comparing the cells pre-exposed to heat preadaptation followed by challenged with salt stress and the cells without preadaptation under salt stress, the serine, threonine, and lysine contents increased significantly. RNA sequencing revealed that the metabolic level of glycolysis by Z. rouxii was weakened, while the metabolic levels of the pentose phosphate pathway and the riboflavin were enhanced in cells during heat preadaptation. Results presented in this study may contribute to understand the bases of adaptive responses in Z. rouxii and rationalize its exploitation in industrial processes.Key points• Heat preadaptation can improve high salinity tolerance of Z. rouxii.• Combined physiological and transcriptomic analyses of heat preadaptation mechanisms.• Provide theoretical support for the application of Z. rouxii.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The delay of childbearing in women has become a worldwide issue in recent decades. The application of assisted reproductive technology in women of advanced maternal age (AMA) is increasing. Evidence on the safety and outcomes of frozen embryo transfer (FET) compared with fresh embryo transfer (ET) in AMA women is still lacking. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to compare perinatal and maternal outcomes after autologous FET and fresh ET cycles in women of AMA. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of 1663 FET and 3964 fresh ET cycles in reproductive medical centers from 2009 to 2014. Women who aged ≥35 years and had clinical pregnancies after autologous frozen or fresh ET were included. The main perinatal outcomes included birth weight, gestational age, rates of preterm birth, macrosomia, low birth weight (LBW), and very low birth weight. The main maternal outcomes included rates of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, gestational diabetes mellitus, and preterm premature rupture of the membranes. RESULTS: Women who underwent FET had an increased risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy [1.1 % vs. 0.4 %, adjusted OR (95 % CI): 2.76 (1.39-5.51); p = 0.004]. Singletons born after FET had significantly higher mean birth weight (3388.78 ± 538.47 vs. 3316.19 ± 549.08; p = 0.001). Furthermore, increased risk of macrosomia [13.5 % vs. 10.4 %, adjusted OR (95 % CI): 1.35 (1.07-1.71); p = 0.013] and decreased risk of LBW [3.6 % vs. 5.3 %, adjusted OR (95 % CI): 0.67 (0.45-1.00); p = 0.048] were found in singletons born after FET. CONCLUSIONS: Perinatal risks of AMA patients are higher in FET than in fresh ET, including higher birth weight, risks of macrosomia in singleton births, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

5.
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr ; 85(4): 483-488, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136749

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) are living longer and developing more non-AIDS comorbidities, which negatively impact antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. Tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP) in dried blood spots (DBS) is a novel pharmacologic measure of cumulative ART adherence that is predictive of viral suppression and future viremia. However, the relationship between non-AIDS comorbidities and this adherence measure is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the association between 3 non-AIDS comorbidities (diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, and hyperlipidemia) and TFV-DP in DBS in PLWH. METHODS: Blood for TFV-DP in DBS and HIV viral load was prospectively collected from PLWH on tenofovir disoproxil fumarate for up to 3 times over 48 weeks. Non-AIDS comorbidities were recorded. Mixed effect multivariable linear regression models were used to estimate the changes in TFV-DP concentrations in DBS according to the presence of comorbidities and to estimate the percent differences in TFV-DP concentrations between these groups. RESULTS: A total of 1144 person-visits derived from 523 participants with available concentrations of TFV-DP in DBS were included in this analysis. In univariate analysis, no significant association between non-AIDS comorbidities (categorized as having 0, 1, 2, or 3 comorbidities) and the concentrations of TFV-DP in DBS was observed (P = 0.40). Participants who had DM had 25% lower (95% confidence interval: -36% to -12%; P < 0.001) TFV-DP in DBS than participants without DM after adjusting for age, gender, race, body mass index, estimated glomerular filtration rate, CD4 T-cell count, hematocrit, ART class, patient-level medication regimen complexity index, and 3-month self-reported adherence. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetic PLWH have lower concentrations of TFV-DP in DBS compared with those without DM. Further research is required to identify the clinical implications and biological mechanisms underlying these findings.

6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1136: 187-195, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081943

RESUMO

Long chain unsaturated fatty acids (LCUFAs) are emerging as critical contributors to inflammation and its resolution. Sensitive and accurate measurement of LCUFAs in biological samples is thus of great value in disease diagnosis and prognosis. In this work, a fluorous-derivatization approach for UPLC-MS/MS quantification of LCUFAs was developed by employing a pair of fluorous reagents, namely 3-(perfluorooctyl)-propylamine (PFPA) and 2-(perfluorooctyl)-ethylamine (PFEA). With this method, the LCUFAs in biological samples were perfluoroalkylated with PFPA and specifically retained on a fluorous-phase LC column, which largely reduced matrix interferences-induced quantitation deviation. Moreover, PFEA-labeled LCUFAs standards were introduced as one-to-one internal standards to farthest ensure unbiased results. Application of the proposed method enabled a reliable determination of eight typical LCUFAs with high sensitivity (LLOQ ranged from 30 amol to 6.25 fmol) and low matrix interferences (almost less than 10%). Such a high sensitivity could facilitate the determination of small-volume and low-concentration bio-samples. Further metabolic characterization of these targeted LCUFAs was monitored in OVA-induce asthma mice, requiring only 5 µL serum sample. Our results showed that asthmatic attack led to significant disturbances not only in the concentrations but also in the ratio among these LCUFAs. In view of the favorable advantages in sensitivity and accuracy, the present fluorous-paired derivatization approach will be expected to serve as a new avenue for dissecting the physiological and clinical implications of LCUFAs, thereby shedding light on the management of diseases related to their disturbances.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33118183

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left bundle branch area pacing (LBBAP) is an innovative pacing technology, which needs further study. METHODS: 70 LBBAP patients with intrinsic QRS duration (QRSd) less than 120 ms were consecutively enrolled in our center. According to whether the left bundle branch potential (LBBp) was recorded or not, the patients were divided into the potential positive group (LBBAP+) and the potential negative group (LBBAP-). Electrocardiographic and echocardiographic parameters were used to evaluate electrical and mechanical characteristics. Lead parameters and complications were followed up. RESULTS: There were 52 patients in LBBAP+ and 18 patients in LBBAP-. The QRSd and the left ventricular activation time (LVAT) were wider after LBBAP. QRSd showed no significant difference between LBBAP+ and LBBAP-. LVAT was significantly shorter in LBBAP+ than in LBBAP-. Frontal QRS axis shifted leftward and the V1 morphologies changed after LBBAP. QRS axis and V1 morphologies showed no significant differences between two groups. Paced R-wave transition moved forward compared with intrinsic R-wave transition in both groups. Peak systolic strain of left ventricle (LVPSS) increased and peak systolic dispersion of left ventricle (LVPSD) did not change significantly after LBBAP. Systolic and diastolic function as well as mechanical synchronism had no significant differences between two groups. LBBAP had great pacing parameters. CONCLUSION: LBBAP changes electrical and mechanical characteristics and has good safety in patients with normal intrinsic QRSd. LBBAP+ and LBBAP- show no significant differences in mechanical synchronization and interventricular electrical synchronization. The LBBAP+ shows better left ventricular electrical synchronicity. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

8.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 201, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887644

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: A role for the type II arginine methyltransferase PRMT5 in various human diseases has been identified. In this study, the potential mechanism underlying the involvement of PRMT5 in the pathological process leading to osteoarthritis (OA) was investigated. METHODS: PRMT5 expression in cartilage tissues from patients with OA and control individuals was assessed by immunohistochemical staining. The regulatory and functional roles of PRMT5 in the chondrocytes of patients with OA and control individuals were determined by western blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The effects of the PRMT5 inhibitor EPZ on interleukin-1ß-induced inflammation were examined in the chondrocytes of patients with OA and in the destabilized medial meniscus (DMM) of a mouse model of OA. RESULTS: PRMT5 was specifically upregulated in the cartilage of patients with OA. Moreover, adenovirus-mediated overexpression of PRMT5 in human chondrocytes caused cartilage degeneration. This degeneration was induced by elevated expression levels of matrix-degrading enzymes (matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) and matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13)) in chondrocytes. The activation of the MAPK and nuclear factor κB signaling pathways was evidenced by elevated levels of p-p65, p-p38, and p-JNK. These effects were attenuated by inhibiting the expression of PRMT5. In the mouse model, EPZ inhibited PRMT5 expression, thus protecting mouse cartilage from DMM-induced OA. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that PRMT5 is a crucial regulator of OA pathogenesis, implying that EPZ has therapeutic value in the treatment of this cartilage-destroying disease.

9.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e035900, 2020 09 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963064

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The present study estimated the percentage of rural Chinese adults with hypertension and recommended pharmacological antihypertensive treatment according to the 2017 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline compared with the 2010 Chinese Guideline for the Management of Hypertension. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three counties in rural areas of northeastern China. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 11 747 eligible individuals aged ≥35 years from rural areas of northeastern China were selected for the present analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The percentage of rural Chinese adults with hypertension and recommended pharmacological antihypertensive treatment according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline and the 2010 Chinese Guideline for the Management of Hypertension, and the proportion of rural Chinese adults taking antihypertensive medication with blood pressure (BP) above the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline and the 2010 Chinese guideline treatment goal. RESULTS: The mean age of the study population was 53.9±10.8 years and 53.7% of the participants were women. According to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline and the 2010 Chinese guideline, the crude prevalence of hypertension was 72.2% and 49.8%, respectively, and the percentage of recommended antihypertensive medications for rural Chinese adults was 56.4% and 51.4%, respectively. Among these rural Chinese adults taking antihypertensive medications, 96.7% had above goal BP according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline compared with 86.1% with above goal BP according to the 2010 Chinese guideline. CONCLUSION: The present analysis demonstrated that compared with the 2010 Chinese guideline, the 2017 ACC/AHA hypertension guideline will result in a substantial increase in the percentage of rural Chinese adults defined as having hypertension and a small increase in the percentage of adults who are recommended antihypertensive medications. More intensive management is suggested to improve the control rate of hypertension among rural Chinese adults.

10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909558

RESUMO

An efficient C-P coupling reaction of enantiopure tert-butylmethylphosphine-boranes with aryl and heteroaryl halides is developed by using Pd(OAc)2/dppf as a catalyst, affording a series of (S) or (R)-P-chiral phosphines in moderate to high yields and with ee values up to 99% ee. Moreover, the reaction time could be reduced from 72 h to 6 h with increased ee values under microwave irradiation.

11.
Talanta ; 220: 121340, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32928387

RESUMO

Detection of target analytes with high sensitivity and reproducibility remains a challenge for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) due to the lack of cost-effective and highly sensitive substrates. In this study, a hydrophobic SERS substrate capable of concentrating nanoparticles and analytes was prepared by spin-coating lubricating liquid onto commercial paper. The condensation effect of the paper-based hydrophobic substrate induced aggregation of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) to generate ''hot spots'' for SERS and to drive analytes to the hot-spot areas for more sensitive detection. The obtained SERS signal intensity was 5-fold higher than that obtained using common paper, and a detection limit (LOD) of 4.3 × 10-10 M for rhodamine 6G (R6G) was achieved. Randomly selected points on the substrate and different batches of substrates all exhibited high reproducibility, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) at 1362 cm-1 is approximately 11%. A further application of the hydrophobic substrate was demonstrated by the detection of cytochrome C within a linear detection range of 3.90 × 10-8 M-1.25 × 10-6 M. In addition, the prepared substrate can obtain identifiable SERS spectra of cancer cells and non-cancer cells because a large number of AuNP or Au NPs clusters can adhere to cells, resulting in the construction of a 3D hotspot matrix. The disposable hydrophobic paper substrate eliminates the problem of solution diffusion, and also provides an effective platform for biomolecular screening detection.

12.
Asia Pac J Public Health ; : 1010539520955088, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930003

RESUMO

The purpose of our study was to explore the association of blood pressure (BP) changes on short-and long-term outcomes of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs) in rural China. This study was designed to learn the effects of BP changes (2004-2008) on short-term (2008-2010, within 2 years of the initial examination) and long-term (2008-2017) outcomes of MACE, including 24 285 and 27 290 participants, respectively. In this study, 423 (short-term) and 1952 (long-term) MACEs were identified. For prehypertension to hypertension, the risk of long-term stroke was increased (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.18 [1.00-1.39]). For hypertension to prehypertension, the short-term MACE risk (0.65 [0.47-0.90]), short-term stroke risk (0.45 [0.26-0.76]), and long-term stroke risk (0.83 [0.70-0.99]) all decreased. Short-term outcomes conferred a stronger impact than long-term outcomes (Fisher Z test, measured as the difference of ß coefficients, all P < .05).

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970919

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the impact of the 2017 American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline and the 2018 Chinese hypertension guidelines on the different secular trends for hypertension prevalence. A total of 82 665 eligible individuals aged ≥20 years were selected from nine cross-sectional study periods (1991-2015) from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (CHNS). Over the 24-year period, the long-term trend for the prevalence of the 2017 ACC/AHA-defined age-adjusted hypertension showed an increase from 32.2% (95% confidence interval (CI): 31.0%-33.3%) in 1991 to 60.0% (95% CI: 58.6%-61.3%) in 2015 (Ptrend  < 0.001). According to the 2018 Chinese guideline for hypertension, the weighted hypertension prevalence increased from 10.0% (95% CI: 9.4%-10.5%) in 1991 to 28.7% (95% CI: 27.9%-29.6%) in 2015 (Ptrend  < 0.001). However, slopes of increasing prevalence of hypertension were significantly greater according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline than that based on Joint National Committee (JNC 7) report (ß = 1.00% vs ß = 0.67% per year, respectively, P = 0.041). Based on the 2017 ACC/AHA definition, the prevalence of stage 1 hypertension and elevated blood pressure significantly increase from 22.3% and 6.9% in 1991 to 31.2% and 10.1% in 2015 (all P < 0.05), respectively. The secular trend for the prevalence of hypertension according to the 2017 ACC/AHA guideline showed a greater rate of increase compared with the prevalence based on the 2018 Chinese hypertension guidelines. Public health initiatives should focus on the current status of hypertension in China because of the possible high prevalence of hypertension and concomitant vascular risks.

14.
Chemosphere ; 258: 127384, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32947660

RESUMO

As a two-dimensional nanomaterial, bismuth oxybromide (BiOBr) have attracted tremendous interest in the area of visible-light photocatalysis since it can provide the internal electric field (IEF) through z-axis through its unique electronic band structure. However, the insufficient active sites and rapid recombination rate of charged carriers hamper the efficiency of the photocatalysis. To address these two major obstacles, an enticing strategy of constructing heterojunction was established by introducing Bi2O2(OH)(NO3) (BiON) in BiOBr with the same precursor. Through a facile one-pot hydrothermal synthesis, two Sillén-type layered photocatalysts, with intimately constructed ultrathin heterostructure, was synthesized by the co-precipitation method. In this work, the formation of Bismuth-based heterojunction for charge separation is established by the excessive bismuth nitrate, which subsequently participates with the in situ growth of ultrathin hierarchical microspheres. By attenuating the thickness of BiOBr from 20 nm to 8 nm with the aid of BiON, the photogenerated charges could migrate to the active sites through shorter charge diffusion pathway. Also, the BiOBr and BiON act as an active bridge to promote the separation of electron-hole pairs, which also brings out more active sites due to its increased specific surface area. BiON/BiOBr ultrathin hierarchical microspheres exhibited enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity for decontaminating several types of pollutants. Besides, the activity of as-prepared BiON/BiOBr was further evaluated by inhibiting the growth of kanamycin-resistant bacteria strains. This study presents a novel strategy to incorporate the crystalline bismuth hydrate nitrate into BiOBr to form ultrathin hierarchical microspheres with high surface area for environmental remediation.


Assuntos
Recuperação e Remediação Ambiental , Microesferas , Bismuto/química , Catálise , Luz , Nitratos/química
15.
J Antimicrob Chemother ; 75(11): 3303-3310, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32766700

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir increases tenofovir plasma exposures by up to 98% with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and exposures are highest with boosted PIs. There are currently no data on the combined use of the newer tenofovir prodrug, tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), boosted PIs and ledipasvir/sofosbuvir. OBJECTIVES: To compare the plasma and intracellular pharmacokinetics and renal safety of TAF with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir when co-administered with boosted PIs. METHODS: Persons with HIV between 18 and 70 years and on a boosted PI with TDF were eligible. The study was comprised of four phases: (1) TDF 300 mg with boosted PI; (2) TAF 25 mg with boosted PI; (3) TAF 25 mg with boosted PI and ledipasvir/sofosbuvir; and (4) TAF 25 mg with boosted PI. Pharmacokinetic sampling, urine biomarker collection [urine protein (UPCR), retinol binding protein (RBP) and ß2 microglobulin (ß2M) normalized to creatinine] and safety assessments occurred at the end of each phase. Plasma, PBMCs and dried blood spots were collected at each visit. RESULTS: Ten participants were enrolled. Plasma tenofovir exposures were 76% lower and tenofovir-diphosphate (TFV-DP) concentrations in PBMCs increased 9.9-fold following the switch to TAF. Neither of these measures significantly increased with ledipasvir/sofosbuvir co-administration, nor did TAF plasma concentrations. No significant changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate or UPCR occurred, but RBP:creatinine and ß2M:creatinine improved following the switch to TAF. CONCLUSIONS: Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir did not significantly increase plasma tenofovir or intracellular TFV-DP in PBMCs with TAF. These findings provide reassurance that the combination of TAF, boosted PIs and ledipasvir/sofosbuvir is safe in HIV/HCV-coinfected populations.

16.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 44(4): 328-330, 2020 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762207

RESUMO

Facing the new situation of national green development, energy conservation and environmental protection, this study systematically expounds the energy consumption management of medical electrical equipment in USA, Europe and China, and puts forward suggestions on green development of medical electrical equipment in China.


Assuntos
Equipamentos e Provisões , Eletricidade , Fontes Geradoras de Energia
17.
World J Pediatr ; 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32851561

RESUMO

Kasabach-Merritt phenomenon (KMP) is a rare disease that is characterized by severe thrombocytopenia and consumptive coagulation dysfunction caused by kaposiform hemangioendothelioma or tufted hemangioma. This condition primarily occurs in infants and young children, usually with acute onset and rapid progression. This review article introduced standardized recommendations for the pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diagnostic methods and treatment process of KMP in China, which can be used as a reference for clinical practice.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740367

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: People living with HIV (PLWH) are living longer and developing more non-AIDS comorbidities, which negatively impact antiretroviral (ART) adherence. Tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP) in dried blood spots (DBS) is a novel pharmacologic measure of cumulative ART adherence that is predictive of viral suppression and future viremia. However, the relationship between non-AIDS comorbidities and this adherence measure is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the association between three non-AIDS comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia) and TFV-DP in DBS in PLWH. METHODS: Blood for TFV-DP in DBS and HIV viral load (VL) was prospectively collected from PLWH on tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) for up to 3 times over 48 weeks. Non-AIDS comorbidities were recorded. Mixed effects multivariable linear regression models were used to estimate the changes in TFV-DP concentrations in DBS according to the presence of comorbidities, and to estimate the percent differences in TFV-DP concentrations between these groups. RESULTS: A total of 1,144 person-visits derived from 523 participants with available concentrations of TFV-DP in DBS were included in this analysis. In univariate analysis, no significant association between non-AIDS comorbidities (categorized as having 0, 1, 2 or 3 comorbidities) and the concentrations of TFV-DP in DBS was observed (p=0.40). Participants who had diabetes mellitus (DM) had 25% lower (95% CI: -36%, -12%; p<0.001) TFV-DP in DBS compared to participants without DM after adjusting for age, gender, race, BMI, eGFR, CD4 T-cell count, hematocrit, ART class, patient-level medication regimen complexity index (pMRCI), and 3-month self-reported adherence. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetic PLWH have lower concentrations of TFV-DP in DBS compared to those without DM. Further research is required to identify the clinical implications and biological mechanisms underlying these findings.

19.
J Sex Med ; 17(10): 1885-1895, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32773344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although hypoactive sexual desire dysfunction (HSDD; low sexual desire with personal distress) negatively impacts well-being, contemporary life-course prevalence data for HSDD are lacking. AIM: To document, in an epidemiologic study, the prevalence of low sexual desire with associated distress (epidemiological HSDD [eHSDD]), and associated psychosocial factors in Australian women. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 10,554 women, aged 18-79 years, recruited from the community was performed. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Low desire was determined by corresponding questions in the Profile of Female Sexual Function and Female Sexual Function Index. HSDD was defined as having a low desire and Female Sexual Distress Scale-Revised score of ≥11. CLINICAL TRANSLATION: Clinicians need to be aware that young women often experience sexually related distress whereas low desire with associated distress is most common in women at midlife. RESULTS: The majority of the participants were partnered (66.5%) and 38.9% were recently sexually inactive. Low desire prevalence increased from age 18-24 years to 75-79 years (27.4%, 95% CI 25.5-29.3 vs 91.6%, 95% CI 88.3-94.1, P < .001). Just over half of all participants aged 25-39 years had sexually related personal distress, after which the prevalence declined with age (P < .001). 10,259 participants provided sufficient information for eHSDD classification. eHSDD increased from age 18-24 years (12.2%, 95% CI 10.8-13.7) to 40-44 years (33.4%, 95% CI 28.5-38.8), remained constant until 60-64 years (33.1%, 95% CI 28.3-38.4), and progressively declined to 7.3% (95% CI 4.8-10.9) by 75-79 years. HSDD was significantly, positively associated with being partnered (P < .001), sexually inactive (P < .001), more educated (P = .001), and psychotropic medication use (P < .001), and negatively with Asian ethnicity (P < .001). STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: This study involved the assessment of desire using a single question derived from the Profile of Female Sexual Function or the Female Sexual Function Index. CONCLUSION: eHSDD is most prevalent at midlife. Furthermore, the likelihood of eHSDD is greater for women who are partnered, sexually inactive, more educated, or taking psychotropic medications. Taken together these findings should aid health professionals in identifying women most at risk of eHSDD. Zheng J, Islam RM, Bell RJ, et al. Prevalence of Low Sexual Desire With Associated Distress Across the Adult Life Span: An Australian Cross-Sectional Study. J Sex Med 2020;17:1885-1895.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32626663

RESUMO

Early-life overnutrition programs increased risks of metabolic disorders in adulthood. Regular exercise has been widely accepted to be an effective measure to maintain metabolic health. However, the intergenerational effects of maternal exercise and the specific mechanism are largely unclear. Our objective was to investigate whether maternal exercise could alleviate the metabolic disturbances induced by early-life overnutrition in both dams and offspring and to explore the role of gut microbiota in mediating the effects. C57BL/6 female mice were randomly divided into three groups: the control group, which were fed a normal control diet; high-fat group, which received a high-fat diet; and high-fat with exercise intervention group, which was fed a high-fat diet and received a voluntary wheel running training. The diet intervention started from 3 weeks prior to mating and lasted throughout pregnancy and lactation. The exercise intervention was only prior to and during pregnancy. The male offspring got free access to normal chow diet from weaning to 24 weeks of age. Glucose tolerance test and biochemical parameters were detected in dams at weaning and offspring at 8 and 24 weeks of age. Their cecal contents were collected for the 16 s rDNA amplicon sequencing. The results showed that maternal high-fat diet resulted in significant glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and lipid profiles disorders in both dams and offspring. Maternal exercise markedly improved insulin sensitivity in dams and metabolic disorders in offspring from young into adulthood. The decrease in unfavorable bacteria and the persistent enrichment of short-chain fatty acids-producers from mothers to adult offspring, particularly the genus Odoribacter, were all associated with the improvement of metabolism by maternal exercise. Overall, maternal exercise could significantly mitigate the detrimental effects of a maternal high-fat diet on metabolism in both dams and male offspring. The continuous alterations in gut microbiota might be a critical factor in deciphering the metabolic benefits of maternal exercise, which provides some novel evidence and targets for combating metabolic diseases.

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