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1.
Insects ; 13(9)2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135505

RESUMO

The papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), is a polyphagous invasive pest in China. The effect that the shifting of the host plant has on the fitness of a polyphagous pest is critical to its prevalence and potential pest control. In order to assess the fitness changes of P. marginatus after transferal from potato (Solanum tuberosum (Tubiflorae: Solanaceae)) to papaya (Carica papaya (Parietales: Caricacea)), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas (Tubiflorae: Convolvulaceae)), and alligator weed (Alternanthera philoxeroides (Centrospermae: Amaranthaceae)), the life table data of three consecutive generations were collected and analyzed using the age-stage, two-sex life table method. The results showed that when P. marginatus was transferred from S. tuberosum to papaya, a higher intrinsic rate of increase (r) and finite rate of increase (λ) were observed. Paracoccus marginatus individuals transferred to I. batatas had the significantly lower population parameters than those on C. papaya; however, the fitness recovered for those on I. batatas after two generations. Paracoccus marginatus individuals were unable to complete development on A. philoxeroides. Our results conclusively demonstrate that P. marginatus individuals can readily adapt to C. papaya and I. batatas even after host plant shifting, and are capable of causing severe damage to these hosts.

2.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 155: 113664, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36095961

RESUMO

Mitochondrial abnormalities and a defective expression of neurotrophic factors contribute to neuronal damage in Huntington's disease (HD). HD patients showed a reduction in transforming growth factor-ß1 (TGF-ß1) levels in the peripheral blood and in cortical neurons. 3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) is first isolated from the seeds of celery, treats ischemic stroke in China. NBP could attenuate cognitive and motor impairments in the experimental models of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease, reduce mitochondrial oxidative stress and increase the expression of TGF-ß1 in rats with focal cerebral ischemia. To our knowledge, the effect of NBP on Huntington's disease has not been reported. We proposed the hypothesis that whether NBP could protect mitochondria and regulate TGF-ß1 and its downstream signaling in a HD animal model, further prevents motor dysfunction. Malonic acid is a reversible inhibitor of mitochondrial enzyme complex-II, induces energy crisis and free radical generation. In this study, we used intrastriatal injections of malonic acid in rats to mimic mitochondrial abnormalities and the other HD like symptoms. We found that treatment with NBP significantly attenuated malonic acid-induced motor and cognitive dysfunction in locomotor behaviour test, rotarod test, novel object recognition test and morris water maze test, prevented neurotoxicity and mitochondrial damage, activated TGF-ß1/Akt/Wnt/ß-Catenin pathway in striatum, but didn't regulate mitochondrial fusion and fission. The above effect was partly reversed by a PI3K/Akt inhibitor. Our data support NBP as a potential candidate for the treatment of HD.

3.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 11(9)2022 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139759

RESUMO

Pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic, progressive, incurable interstitial lung disease with high mortality after diagnosis and remains a global public health problem. Despite advances and breakthroughs in understanding the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis, there are still no effective methods for the prevention and treatment of pulmonary fibrosis. The existing treatment options are imperfect, expensive, and have considerable limitations in effectiveness and safety. Hence, there is an urgent need to find novel therapeutic targets. The nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is a central regulator of cellular antioxidative responses, inflammation, and restoration of redox balance. Accumulating reports reveal that Nrf2 activators exhibit potent antifibrosis effects and significantly attenuate pulmonary fibrosis in vivo and in vitro. This review summarizes the current Nrf2-related knowledge about the regulatory mechanism and potential therapies in the process of pulmonary fibrosis. Nrf2 orchestrates the activation of multiple protective genes that target inflammation, oxidative stress, fibroblast-myofibroblast differentiation (FMD), and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and the mechanisms involve Nrf2 and its downstream antioxidant, Nrf2/HO-1/NQO1, Nrf2/NOX4, and Nrf2/GSH signaling pathway. We hope to indicate potential for Nrf2 system as a therapeutic target for pulmonary fibrosis.

4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15509, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109577

RESUMO

To investigate the value of the radiomic models for differentiating parasellar cavernous hemangiomas from meningiomas and to compare the classification performance with different MR sequences and classifiers. A total of 96 patients with parasellar tumors (40 cavernous hemangiomas and 56 meningiomas) were enrolled in this retrospective multiple-center study. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify the clinical factors and semantic features of MRI scans. Radiomics features were extracted from five MRI sequences using radiomics software. Three feature selection methods and six classifiers were evaluated in the training cohort to construct favorable radiomic machine-learning classifiers. The performance of different classifiers was evaluated using the AUC and compared to neuroradiologists. The detection rates of T1WI, T2WI, and CE-T1WI for parasellar cavernous hemangiomas and meningiomas were approximately 100%. In contrast, the ADC maps had the detection rate of 18/22 and 19/25, respectively, (AUC, 0.881) with 2.25 cm as the critical value diameter. Radiomics models with the SVM and KNN classifiers based on T2WI and ADC maps had favorable predictive performances (AUC > 0.90 and F-score value > 0.80). These models outperformed MRI model (AUC 0.805) and neuroradiologists (AUC, 0.756 and 0.545, respectively). Radiomic models based on T2WI and ADC and combined with SVM and KNN classifiers have the potential to be a viable method for differentiating parasellar hemangiomas from meningiomas. T2WI is more universally applicable than ADC values due to its higher detection rate for parasellar tumors.


Assuntos
Hemangioma Cavernoso , Neoplasias Meníngeas , Meningioma , Neuroblastoma , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Neoplasias Meníngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Meníngeas/patologia , Meningioma/diagnóstico por imagem , Meningioma/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
J Control Release ; 350: 613-629, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058354

RESUMO

In this study, an adipic acid dihydrazide (ADH)/ tannic acid (TA)-grafted hyaluronic acid (HA)-based multifunctional hydrogel was synthesized through a spontaneous amino-yne click reaction and used to promote the improved healing of infected diabetic wounds. This hydrogel exhibited a range of beneficial properties such as tunable gelation time, adjustable mechanical properties, pH-sensitive response characteristics, excellent injectability, the ability to readily adhere to tissue, and ultra-intimate contact capabilities. Following the encapsulation of ultrasmall Ag nanoclusters (AgNCs) and deferoxamine loaded polydopamine/ hollow mesoporous manganese dioxide (PHMD, PDA/H-mMnO2@DFO) nanoparticles, the prepared hydrogel presented with robust antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and pro-angiogenic properties and a desirable smart drug release profile. In this fabricated platform, PHMD was able to effectively alleviate localized oxidative stress and prolonged oxygen deprivation via the decomposition of endogenous H2O2 to produce O2. Further in vivo assays revealed that this hydrogel was capable of facilitating the healing of infected wounds through the sequential engagement of antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, and pro-angiogenic activities. Together, this synthesized clickable environmentally-responsive hydrogel offers great promise as a tool that can be applied to aid in the healing of chronically infected diabetic wounds and other inflammatory conditions.

6.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36125239

RESUMO

(+)-Talarolactone C ( 1 ), Talarolactone A ( 2 ), Talarolactone B ( 3 , sulfoxide derivative), and Talarolactone D ( 4 , sulfone derivative) were isolated from Talaromyces sp. which was cultured in rice medium with sodium butyrate. The structures of talarolactone analogues above were characterized by a combination of spectroscopic, X-ray crystallographic, and computational methods. These talarolactones and Talarolactone A sodium ( 5 ) with the same carbon skeleton showed different fluorescence characteristics.

7.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36128654

RESUMO

Brain perivascular macrophages (PVMs) are attracting increasing attention as this emerging cell population in the brain has multifaced roles in supporting the central nervous system structure, brain development, and maintaining physiological functions. They also widely participate in neurological diseases such as neurodegeneration and ischemic stroke. Moreover, PVMs have been reported to have both beneficial and detrimental effects under different pathological contexts. Advanced research technologies allowed the further in-depth study of PVMs and revealed novel concepts in their origins, differentiation, and regulatory mechanisms. Deepened understanding of the roles of PVMs in different brain pathological conditions can reveal novel phenotypic changes and regulatory signaling, which might pave the way for the development of novel treatment strategies targeting PVMs.

8.
Dalton Trans ; 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36093948

RESUMO

An anionic three-dimensional framework {(Me2NH2)2[Zn8(L)6(ad)4(µ4-O)]·10DMF·11H2O}(Zn-MOF, L2- = 4,4'-(3-aminopyridine-2,5-diyl)dibenzoic acid; ad- = adeninate) with a column-layered structure was synthesized. Structural studies show that the Zn-MOF has octahedral cages [Zn8(ad)4(µ4-O)], the adjacent cages are connected by O atoms to form 1D columnar SBUs, and every four SBUs are connected by L2- to form a square channel 3D framework. Gas adsorption studies show that the BET and Langmuir surface areas of Zn-MOF are 1370.31 and 1478.04 m2 g-1, respectively, and the total pore volume for single-point adsorption is 0.528 cm3 g-1. The surface of the pores of the Zn-MOF is occupied by open metal sites and uncoordinated carboxyl groups, showing good capture ability for C2H2 and good adsorption selectivity for C2H2/CH4. More importantly, the free (CH3)2NH2+ ions present in the pores of the columnar layered Zn-MOF can cation-exchange with MB, MV, and RhB ions in aqueous solution. Therefore, Zn-MOF can not only effectively adsorb the cationic dyes MB, MV, and RhB, but also exhibit particularly selective sorption towards the mixed anion and cation dyes MB/MO and MV/MO. In addition, a series of fluorescence experiments show that Zn-MOF has good fluorescence properties, exhibiting highly selective and sensitive fluorescence detection and recognition performance for Fe3+ ions in aqueous solution with a low detection limit.

9.
Front Oncol ; 12: 978921, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36147906

RESUMO

Background: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is one of the deadliest malignancies worldwide. Immune escape is considered to be a reason for immunotherapy failure in PDAC. In this study, we explored the correlation between immune escape-related genes and the prognosis of PDAC patients. Methods: 1163 PDAC patients from four public databases, including The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC), Array-express, and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), were included in our study. Cox regression analysis was used to identify the 182 immune genes which were significantly associated with overall survival (OS). And then we established an immune escape-related gene prognosis index (IEGPI) score using several datasets as the training cohort and validated it using the validation cohort. Kaplan-Meier (KM) and Cox regression analysis were used to detect the relationship of IEGPI score with OS. We further explored the relationship between the IEGPI and immune indexes. And the prediction value of response for immunotherapy in Tumor Immune Dysfunction and Exclusion (TIDE) dataset. Results: We establish an IEGPI score based on 27 immune escape genes which were significantly related to the prognosis of OS in PDAC patients. Patients in the high-IEGPI group had a significantly worse overall survival rate compared with that in the low-IEGPI groups by KM curves and cox-regression. 5 of the 32 cancer types in TCGA could be significantly distinguished in survival rates through the low- and high-IEGPI groups. Moreover, the correlation between the IEGPI score was negatively correlated with an immune score in several datasets. And higher IEGPI better recurrence-free survival (RFS) and OS in the patients after patients were treated with both PD-1 and CTLA4 in the public datasets (P<0.05). Intriguingly, by using RT-PCR, we verified that the gene of PTPN2, CEP55, and JAK2 were all higher in the BxPC-3 and PANC-1 than HPDE5 cells. Lastly, we found that the IEGPI score was higher in K-rasLSL.G12D/+, p53LSL.R172H/+, Pdx1Cre (KPC) mice model with anti-PD-L1 than that without anti-PD-L1. Conclusion: Using the immune escape-related genes, our study established and validated an IEGPI score in PDAC patients from the public dataset. IEGPI score has the potential to serve as a prognostic marker and as a tool for selecting tumor patients suitable for immunotherapy in clinical practice.

10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 245: 114097, 2022 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36150305

RESUMO

Binary metallic organic frameworks can always play excellent functions for pollutants removal. One binary MOFs, UiO-66(Fe/Zr)), was newly synthesized and applied to remove aquatic selenite (SeIV) and selenate (SeVI). The adsorption behaviors and mechanisms were investigated using batch experiments, spectroscopic analyses, and theoretical calculations (DFT). The characterization results showed that the material inherited the topological structure of UiO-66 and excellent thermal stability. The large specific surface area (467.52 m2/g) and uniform mesoporous structures of the synthesized MOFs resulted in fast adsorption efficiency and high adsorption capacity for selenium species. The adsorbent kept high adsorption efficiency in a wide pH range from 2 to 11 with good anti-interference ability. The maximum adsorption capacity for Se(IV) and Se(VI) reached as high as 196 mg/g at pH 3 and 258 mg/g at pH 5, respectively. The process was conformed to fit pseudo-second-order kinetics and Langmuir isotherm, and could be explained by the formation of Fe/Zr-O-Se bond on the material surface, which was interpreted by the results of XPS, FTIR and DFT calculation. The regeneration and TCLP experiments demonstrated that UiO-66(Fe/Zr) could be regenerated for five cycles without obvious decrease of efficiencies, and the leaching rate of the adsorbed Se(IV) and Se(VI) in the spent adsorbent were only 4.8% and 2.3%. More than 99% of original Se(IV) and Se(VI) in the lake and tap water samples (1.0 mg/L of Se) could be removed in 2.0 h.

11.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 969656, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060739

RESUMO

Background: Dysbacteriosis is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). We aimed to identify new biomarkers among gut microbiota and short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) for the early prediction of NEC. Materials and methods: Thirty-four preterm infants with gestational ages of ≤ 34 weeks who developed gastrointestinal symptoms were divided into the NEC group (n = 17) and non-NEC group (n = 17). In the NEC group, the gut microbiota and SCFAs in feces were assessed when the infants were enrolled (Group P) and when they were diagnosed with NEC (Group N). In the non-NEC group, samples were assessed when the infants were enrolled (Group C). Results: The Ace and Chao1 indices were higher in Group P than in Group C (P < 0.05), and there was no difference between Groups C and N or between Groups P and N (P > 0.05). There was no significant difference in the Simpson and Shannon indices among Groups C, P and N (P > 0.05). The four main phyla showed no differences (P > 0.05) in composition, while at the genus level, compared with Group C, in Group P, Clostridioides, Blautia and Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1 were increased, while Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium were decreased (P < 0.05). At the species level, Streptococcus salivarius and Rothia mucilaginosa increased, while Bifidobacterium animals subsp. lactis decreased (P < 0.05). In Group N, at the genus level, Stenotrophomonas, Streptococcus and Prevotella increased (P < 0.05). Compared with those in Group C, the levels of acetic acid, propanoic acid and butyric acid decreased significantly in Groups P and N (P < 0.05), and the areas under the curves (AUCs) of these three SCFAs between groups C and P were 0.73, 0.70, and 0.68, respectively. Conclusion: The increase in Streptococcus salivarius and Rothia mucilaginosa and decrease in Bifidobacterium_animals_subsp._lactis, as well as the decrease in acetic, propionic and butyric acids, may help in the early prediction of NEC.

12.
Onco Targets Ther ; 15: 913-918, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062163

RESUMO

Ectopic pituitary adenoma (EPA) is a pituitary adenoma unrelated to the intrasellar component and is an extremely rare disease. EPA resembles typical pituitary adenomas in morphology, immunohistochemistry, and hormonal activity, and it may present with specific or non-specific endocrine manifestations. Here, we report a rare case of ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)-secreting pituitary adenoma in the clival region. Only three patients with ACTH-secreting pituitary adenomas occurring in the clivus have been previously reported, and the present case was diagnosed as a clivus-ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary macroadenoma. Thus, in addition to the more common organs, such as the lung, thymus, and pancreas, in the diagnosis of ectopic ACTH syndrome, special attention should be paid to the extremely rare ectopic ACTH-secreting pituitary adenoma of the clivus region.

13.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 1973508, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36060651

RESUMO

Pneumonia is one of the diseases that seriously endangers human health, and it is also the leading cause of death of children under the age of five in China. The most commonly used imaging examination method for radiologists is mainly based on chest X-ray images. Still, imaging errors often result during imaging examinations due to objective factors such as visual fatigue and lack of experience. Therefore, this paper proposes a feature fusion model, FC-VGG, based on the fusion of texture features (local binary pattern LBP and directional gradient histogram HOG) and depth features. The model improves model performance by adding detailed information in texture features to the convolutional neural network while making the model more suitable for clinical use. We input the X-ray image with texture features into the modified VGG16 model, C-VGG, and then add the Add fusion method to C-VGG for feature fusion so that FC-VGG is obtained, so FC-VGG has texture features detailed information and abstract information of deep features. Through experiments, our model has achieved 92.19% accuracy in recognizing children's pneumonia images, 93.44% average precision, 92.19% average recall, and 92.81% average F1 coefficient, and the model performance exceeds existing deep learning models and traditional feature recognition algorithms.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Algoritmos , Criança , China , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação , Pneumonia/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiologistas
14.
Environ Sci Technol ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098667

RESUMO

The biotransformation of heavy metals in the environment is usually affected by co-existing pollutants like selenium (Se), which may lower the ecotoxicity of heavy metals, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we shed light on the pathways of copper (Cu2+) and selenite (SeO32-) synergistic biodetoxification by Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 and illustrate how such processes are affected by anthraquinone-2,6-disulfonate (AQDS), an analogue of humic substances. We observed the formation of copper selenide nanoparticles (Cu2-xSe) from synergistic detoxification of Cu2+ and SeO32- in the periplasm. Interestingly, adding AQDS triggered a fundamental transition from periplasmic to extracellular reaction, enabling 14.7-fold faster Cu2+ biodetoxification (via mediated electron transfer) and 11.4-fold faster SeO32- detoxification (via direct electron transfer). This is mainly attributed to the slightly raised redox potential of the heme center of AQDS-coordinated outer-membrane proteins that accelerates electron efflux from the cells. Our work offers a fundamental understanding of the synergistic detoxification of heavy metals and Se in a complicated environmental matrix and unveils an unexpected role of AQDS beyond electron mediation, which may guide the development of more efficient environmental remediation and resource recovery biotechnologies.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056877

RESUMO

AIMS: The prognostic implication of left ventricular (LV) torsion on ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: We analysed cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) findings of 420 patients from a registry study (NCT03768453). These patients received CMR examination within 1 week after timely primary percutaneous coronary intervention. LV torsion and other CMR indexes were measured. Compared with healthy control subjects, STEMI significantly decreased patients' LV torsion (1.04 vs. 1.63°/cm, P < 0.001). During follow-up (median, 52 months), the reduction of LV torsion was greater in patients with than without composite major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs, 0.79 vs. 1.08°/cm, P < 0.001). The risk of MACCEs would increase to 1.125- or 1.092-fold, and the risk of 1-year LV remodelling would increase to 1.110- or 1.082-fold for every 0.1°/cm reduction in LV torsion after adjustment for clinical or CMR parameters respectively. When divided dichotomously, patients with LV torsion≤ 0.802°/cm had significantly higher risk of MACCEs (40.2 vs. 12.3%, P < 0.001) and more remarkable LV remodelling (46.1 vs. 11.9%, P < 0.001) than patients with better LV torsion. The addition of LV torsion to conventional prognostic factors such as the LV ejection fraction and infarction size led to a better risk classification model of patients for both MACCEs and LV remodelling. Finally, tobacco use, worse post-PCI flow, and greater microvascular obstruction size were presumptive risk factors for reduced LV torsion. CONCLUSION: LV torsion measured by CMR is closely associated with the prognosis of STEMI and would be a promising indicator to improve patients' risk stratification. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinicaltrials.gov, NCT03768453.

16.
J Cogn Neurosci ; : 1-15, 2022 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069658

RESUMO

The capacity for the implicit learning/processing of complex grammar with nonadjacent dependencies is one of important features of human language learning. In this fMRI study, using an implicit AGL paradigm, we explored the neural basis of the implicit learning of the nonadjacent dependency rule, disentangling from sequence-based chunk knowledge (i.e., local sequential regularities or substring) by focusing on the low chunk strength items (which were naturally less similar to training strings), based on tracking neural responses during training and test phases. After listening to and memorizing a series of strings of 10 syllables generated from nonadjacent artificial grammar in the training phase, participants implicitly acquired the knowledge of grammar and chunks. Regarding grammaticality, Broca's area was specifically related to low chunk strength grammatical strings relative to nongrammatical strings in the test phase. This region showed decreased activity with time in the training phase, and a lesser decrease in activity was associated with higher performance in grammar learning. Furthermore, Broca's area showed significantly higher strength of functional connectivity with the left superior temporal gyrus in the low chunk strength grammatical string compared with nongrammatical strings, and this functional connectivity increased with the training time. For the chunks, the performance of accurate discrimination of high chunk strength from low chunk strength nongrammatical strings was predicted by hippocampal activity in the training phase. Converging evidence from the training and test phases showed that Broca's area and its functional connectivity with the left superior temporal gyrus were engaged in the implicit learning/processing of the nonadjacent dependency rule, separating the effects of chunks.

17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(18)2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36142467

RESUMO

Apoptosis plays a key role in the effective removal of excessive and defective germ cells, which is essential for sequential hermaphroditism and sex change in vertebrates. The ricefield eel, Monopterus albus is a protogynous hermaphroditic fish that undergoes a sequential sex change from female to male. Previous studies have demonstrated that apoptosis is involved in sex change in M. albus. However, the apoptotic signaling pathway is unclear. In the current study, we explored the underlying mechanism of apoptosis during gonadal development and focused on the role of the mitochondrial apoptosis signaling pathway in sex change in M. albus. Flow cytometry was performed to detect apoptosis in gonads at five sexual stages and ovary tissues exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in vitro. Then the expression patterns of key genes and proteins in the mitochondrial pathway, death receptor pathway and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) pathway were examined. The results showed that the apoptosis rate was significantly increased in the early intersexual stage and then decreased with the natural sex change from female to male. Quantitative real-time PCR revealed that bax, tnfr1, and calpain were mainly expressed in the five stages. ELISA demonstrated that the relative content of cytochrome-c (cyt-c) in the mitochondrial pathway was significantly higher than that of caspase8 and caspase12, with a peak in the early intersexual stage, while the levels of caspase8 and caspase12 peaked in the late intersexual stage. Interestingly, the Pearson's coefficient between cyt-c and the apoptosis rate was 0.705, which suggests that these factors are closely related during the gonadal development of M. albus. Furthermore, the cyt-c signal was found to be increased in the intersexual stage by immunohistochemistry. After incubation with H2O2, the mRNA expression of mitochondrial pathway molecules such as bax, apaf-1, and caspase3 increased in ovary tissues. In conclusion, the present results suggest that the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway may play a more important role than the other apoptotic pathways in sex change in M. albus.

18.
Ann Transl Med ; 10(16): 899, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111000

RESUMO

Background: It is great of significance to figure the time-trend of esophageal cancer (EC) and its current status for effective prevention and control, especially in EC high risk areas. As one of world-renowned high-risk areas, the epidemiology of EC in Henan has not been recently updated. Therefore, we aimed to depict the status quo of EC and analyze its time-trend in Henan. Methods: The EC data were extracted from the Henan Provincial Cancer registry database derived from the population based cancer registry system, which covered 30.51% of the whole population in Henan and were qualified according to national and international guidelines. The incidence and mortality of EC were estimated by area (rural/urban), gender, and age groups. The age-standardized rates (ASRs) were calculated according to the Segi's population. Joinpoint regression was used to calculate annual percentage change (APC) and average annual percentage change (AAPC) to evaluate the time-trend of EC. Results: As estimated, there were 29,913 new EC cases in Henan, 2018. The crude incidence and the age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population (ASIRW) was 27.43/105 and 19.96/105, respectively. The incidence in males and rural was 1.83 and 1.51 times higher than that in females and urban areas, respectively. Meanwhile, it was estimated that 22,688 deaths occurred in 2018. The crude mortality and the age-standardized mortality rate by world standard population (ASMRW) were 20.80/105 and 14.47/105, respectively. Similarly, males and rural areas had higher mortality compared with females and urban areas. The age-specific incidence and mortality of EC showed significant increasing after 60-64 years group. In general, the time-trend of incidence (APC: -8.9, P<0.001) and mortality (APC: -7.6, P<0.001) of EC showed a significant decreasing trend since 2014, and downward trend were also observed in rural areas for incidence (APC: -5.2, P<0.001) and mortality (APC: -3.9, P<0.001) from 2010 to 2018. Conclusions: The EC incidence and mortality in Henan has exhibited a significant declining trend in past years. Nonetheless, the disease burden remains high, especially in males and rural areas. Therefore, the ongoing prevention and control strategies of EC should be maintained alongside the establishment of more effective strategies.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083823

RESUMO

Accurate discrimination of amyloid-ß (Aß) peptides containing familial point mutations would advance the knowledge of their roles in early-onset Alzheimer's disease. Herein, we simultaneously identified the mutant A21G, E22G, E22Q, and the wild-type (WT) Aß 18-26 peptides with aerolysin nanopore using a 3D blockage mapping strategy. The standard deviation of current blockade fluctuations ( σ b ) was proposed as a new supplement to current blockage ( I b / I 0 ) and duration time ( t D ) to profile the blockage characteristics of single molecules. Although the WT and A21G Aß 18-26 are indistinguishable in a traditional I b / I 0 - t D 2D description, ~87% of the blockade events can be accurately classified with half reduction of false identification using a combination of I b / I 0 , t D, and σ b . This work offers an easy and reliable strategy to promote nanopore sensitivity of peptide mutants, leading to a more precise analysis of pathogenic mutations for developing effective diagnosis and treatment.

20.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) ; : OF1-OF10, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36083859

RESUMO

At-risk alcohol consumption is the established most important risk factor for cirrhosis in people without HBV/HCV infection. We aimed to develop and validate a simple and non-invasive tool for triaging cirrhosis risk in at-risk alcohol drinkers without HBV/HCV infection. A large-sample size, cross-sectional study within the framework of a population-based Cancer Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) was conducted. Data on the liver cancer screening in Henan province, China were used. At-risk alcohol drinkers were those who currently drink one or more alcohol units per week for at least six months. A total of 6,581 eligible participants enrolled from October 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016 were included into the derivation dataset, and 2,096 eligible participants enrolled from January 1, 2017 to October 31, 2018 were included into the external validation dataset, respectively. Using the derivation dataset, a 20-point scale risk score model was developed, based on sex, education background, dietary intake of vegetables, dietary intake of roughage, smoking index, length of secondhand smoke exposure, history of fatty liver, history of diabetes, and first-degree family history of liver cancer. The model showed excellent discrimination (AUC = 0.787; 95% CI, 0.7603-0.812) and calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow test: P = 0.123) in the derivation dataset and an optimal cut-off value of 12 yield sensitivity of 61.3%, specificity of 82.7%. The model also had achieved similar performance in the external validation dataset. In conclusion, this model can be a practical tool to identify and triage population at high risk of cirrhosis in at-risk alcohol drinkers without HBV/HCV infection. PREVENTION RELEVANCE: The risk model we developed will not only be used as a practical tool to triage high risk groups for liver cirrhosis, but also have implications for public health measures, such as guidelines for the prevention of liver cancer, in at-risk alcohol drinkers without HBV/HCV infection.

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