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1.
J Food Sci ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33822377

RESUMO

This study examined the effects of different sequential treatments of dextran glycation and succinic anhydride acylation on the structure and physicochemical properties of soy protein isolate (SPI). The tested properties included electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, endogenous fluorescence spectroscopy, surface hydrophobicity (H0 ), free sulfhydryl (-SH), solubility, interfacial properties, rheological properties, and scanning electron microscope (SEM). The results show that the two treatments significantly improved the structure and functional characteristics of the SPI. The order of the methods had an important effect on the SPI. The lowest H0 (231.76 ± 11.92), the highest free -SH content (3.09 ± 0.09 µmol/g), and the highest solubility at pH = 7 (77 ± 3.97%) were obtained when the acylation treatment was followed by the glycation treatment. Emulsification, emulsion stability, foaming, and foam stability were also the highest. Glycation and acylation caused the viscosity coefficient (k) of the SPI solution to decrease compared with SPI alone, but the flow index (n) value increased, and the sum G' value of the conjugate system decreased as gel time increased. SEM showed that its microstructure has changed significantly. Therefore, this research provided an effective method for improving the functional characteristics of SPI and had potential industrial application prospects. PRACTICAL APPLICATION: Glycation and acylation of soybean protein isolate improved the chemical modification method of protein, improved the functional properties of soybean protein, widened its application in food and materials, and provided a new idea for the further development and utilization of soybean protein.

2.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 46(3): 173-9, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798288

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of electroacupuncture preconditioning at "Zusanli"(ST36,Lower Confluent point) and "Zhongwan"(CV12,Front-Mu point) combination on oxidative stress and inflammation-related indicators, Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and inhibitor-α of nuclear transcription factor κB (IκB-α) in serum and gastric tissue of rats with stress gastric ulcer(SGU),so as to explore its mechanisms underlying prevention of SGU. METHODS: A total of 36 Wistar rats were randomly divided into blank control, model, positive drug and He-Sea-Front-Mu point combination groups (n=9 in each group). A rat model of SGU was established by restraint water-immersion stress method. Ten days before mode-ling, rats in the He-Sea-Front-Mu point combination group received electroacupuncture (2 Hz, 0.6 mA)at ST36 and CV12 for 10 min once every other day for 10 days, and those in the positive drug group was treated by gavage of omeprazole (20 mg/kg) once every other day for 10 days. The morphology of the gastric mucosa was observed by naked eyes and hematoxylin-eosin staining, and the ulcer index (UI) and lesion score were calculated. TBA and colorimetric methods, ELISA and Western blot were used to detect malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels and the relative expressions of TLR4, MyD88, and IκB-α protein, separately. RESULTS: The gastric mucosa of rats in the blank control group was smooth and intact, the cells were arranged neatly, and there was no telangiec-tasia, hyperemia and inflammatory cell infiltration. The gastric mucosal epithelial structure of rats in the model group was destroyed, and a large number of mucosal epithelial cell death and inflammatory cell infiltration were seen. The degree of gastric mucosal injury and inflammatory cell infiltration in the positive drug group and the combined point group was less than that in the model group. Compared with the blank control group, the UI and lesion score of rats in the model group were significantly increased (P<0.05), the levels of MDA and MPO in the serum and gastric tissues were significantly increased (P<0.05), GSH-Px was significantly reduced (P<0.05), the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum were markedly increased (P<0.05), the expression levels of TLR4 and MyD88 proteins in gastric tissue were significantly increased (P<0.05), IκB-α was significantly reduced (P<0.05). After intervention and in comparison with the model group showed that, the UI and lesion score, the levels of MDA and MPO, contents of serum TNF-α and IL-6, expression levels of TLR4 and MyD88 proteins in positive drug and He-Sea-Front-Mu point combination groups were significantly decreased (P<0.05), while GSH-Px and IκB-α were significantly increased (P<0.05); There were no significant differences in the above indicators between the positive drug and the He-Sea-Front -Mu point combination groups (except TNF-α). CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture preconditioning at ST36 and CV12 can prevent SGU, which may be related to its effects in anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and regulating TLR4/MyD88/IκB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Úlcera Gástrica , Pontos de Acupuntura , Animais , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Ratos Wistar , Transdução de Sinais , Úlcera Gástrica/genética , Úlcera Gástrica/terapia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/genética
3.
Pain Ther ; 2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840060

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) is the most common complication of herpes zoster. Methylene blue (MB) is an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthesis with potentially analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Studies have demonstrated that thoracic paravertebral single MB injection is effective in treating chronic pain. However, there are rare reports of the efficacy of continuous thoracic paravertebral infusion of MB for pain management in PHN patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of continuous thoracic paravertebral infusion of MB on PHN. METHODS: A total of 104 PHN patients were randomly divided into two groups: the control group (continuous thoracic paravertebral infusion of 5% lidocaine in a total volume of 300 ml) and the MB group (continuous thoracic paravertebral infusion of 5% lidocaine plus 0.2% MB in a total volume of 300 ml). All patients were evaluated using the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36), and medication doses before and after the procedure. The effective treatment rate and adverse complications were recorded 6 months after the procedure. RESULTS: In both groups, the NRS scores, ISI scores, PHQ-9 scores, and rescue medication dosages were significantly decreased at different time points after treatment compared to baseline, while the SF-36 scores were evidently improved at different time points after treatment compared to baseline. Compared with the control group, the MB group had significantly reduced NRS scores, ISI scores, PHQ-9 scores, and rescue medication dosages at each observation time point. Furthermore, the SF-36 scores in the MB group were significantly higher than those in the control group at each observation time point. The total effective treatment rate of the MB group was higher than that of the control group 6 months after the procedure. No severe adverse complications were observed in either group. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided continuous thoracic paravertebral infusion with MB is a safe and effective therapy for PHN. Continuous infusion with MB can significantly reduce pain intensity, improve pain-related depression, increase quality of life, and decrease the amount of rescue medicine with no serious adverse complications.

5.
Virol Sin ; 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33835391

RESUMO

The ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused more than 96 million infections and over 2 million deaths worldwide so far. However, there is no approved vaccine available for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), the disease causative agent. Vaccine is the most effective approach to eradicate a pathogen. The tests of safety and efficacy in animals are pivotal for developing a vaccine and before the vaccine is applied to human populations. Here we evaluated the safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of an inactivated vaccine based on the whole viral particles in human ACE2 transgenic mouse and in non-human primates. Our data showed that the inactivated vaccine successfully induced SARS-CoV-2-specific neutralizing antibodies in mice and non-human primates, and subsequently provided partial (in low dose) or full (in high dose) protection of challenge in the tested animals. In addition, passive serum transferred from vaccine-immunized mice could also provide full protection from SARS-CoV-2 infection in mice. These results warranted positive outcomes in future clinical trials in humans.

6.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 21(1): 275, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794797

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adding clomiphene citrate (CC) and/or letrozole (LE) to in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles for mild ovarian stimulation is a general approach. Although lots of researches have demonstrated partial benefits of the strategy, all-around effects of oral medications remained deficient. This paper aims to assess whether an addition of oral medication will result in considerable outcomes on T-Gn (total dose of gonadotropin), Gn days, total retrieved ova, high quality embryos, blastocyst number, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) rate, clinical pregnancy rate and cumulative pregnancy rate, even if it was not conventional mild/minimal stimulations. RESULTS: Participants were categorized to three diverse populations as high responders, normal responders and poor responders according to basal antral follicle count. T-Gn in patients treated with CC/LE distinctly decreased from 2496.96 IU/d to 1827.68 IU/d, from 2860.28 IU/d to 2119.99 IU/d, and from 3182.15 IU/d to 1802.84 IU/d, respectively. For high ovary responders and normal responders, the OHSS incidence rate also declined from 29.2 to 4.3% (P < 0.001) and from 1.1 to 0.0% (P = 0.090). Other, there was no statistical difference with respect to the T-retrieved ova (total retrieved ova), high quality embryos, cultured blastocyst and blastocyst number in high responders. For normal responders and poor ovary responders, T-Gn, Gn days, T-retrieved ova, high quality embryos, cultured blastocyst and blastocysts number in oral medications group all apparently decreased. Clinical pregnancy rate per fresh cycle of poor responders with prior oral medications was significantly decreased (25.7% vs. 50.8%, P = 0.005), and no significant differences in high responders and normal responders were expressed (52.5% vs. 44.2%, P = 0.310; 51.9% vs. 42.4%, P = 0.163) between two groups of participants. The numbers of cumulative pregnancy rates were lower in the conventional group compared to the add group for high (75.90% versus 81.03%, P = 0.279), normal (62.69% versus 71.36%, P = 0.016) and poor (39.74% versus 68.21%, P < 0.001) responders. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of CC/LE to the ovulation induction during IVF has certain efficacy in terms of low cost, low OHSS incidence. CC/LE deserves more recommendations as a responsible strategy in high responders due to advantageous pregnancy outcomes. For normal responders, the strategy needs to be considered with more comprehensive factors.

7.
Mar Drugs ; 19(3)2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809861

RESUMO

The species Pseudogymnoascus is known as a psychrophilic pathogenic fungus with a ubiquitous distribution in Antarctica. Meanwhile, the study of its secondary metabolites is infrequent. Systematic research of the metabolites of the fungus Pseudogymnoascus sp. HSX2#-11, guided by the method of molecular networking, led to the isolation of one novel polyketide, pseudophenone A (1), along with six known analogs (2-7). The structure of the new compound was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic investigation and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Pseudophenone A (1) is a dimer of diphenyl ketone and diphenyl ether, and there is only one analog of 1 to the best of our knowledge. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited antibacterial activities against a panel of strains. This is the first time to use molecular networking to study the metabolic profiles of Antarctica fungi.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(15): e25230, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33847620

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Pediatric cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been reported. This meta-analysis was aimed at describing the clinical, laboratory, and imaging characteristics of children with COVID-19 based on published data of pediatric COVID-19 cases.Search of PubMed, Embase, Web of Sciences, Science Direct, and Google Scholar for articles published until December 14, 2020, that described the clinical, laboratory, and imaging features of children with COVID-19. Data were extracted independently by 2 authors. Random-effects meta-analysis models were used to report pooled results.Clinical data from 2874 children with COVID-19 from 37 articles were finally included for quantitative analyses. Fever (48.5%, 95% CI: 41.4%-55.6%) and cough (40.6%, 95% CI: 33.9%-47.5%) were the most common symptoms; asymptomatic infection and severe cases, respectively, accounted for 27.7% (95% CI: 19.7%-36.4%) patients and 1.1% of the 1933 patients included. Laboratory tests showed 5.5% (95% CI: 2.8%-8.9%) of the patients had lymphopenia. The pooled prevalence of leukopenia was 7.3% (95% CI: 3.4%-12.2%), and the C-reactive protein level was high in 14.0% (95% CI: 6.8%-22.8%). Chest computed tomography showed unilateral and bilateral lesions, and ground-glass opacity in 29.4% (95% CI: 24.8%-34.3%) and 24.7% (95% CI: 18.2%-31.6%), and 32.9% (95% CI: 25.3%-40.9%), respectively, and normal in approximately 36.0% (95% CI: 27.7%-44.7%).We found that children with COVID-19 had relatively mild disease, with quite a lot of asymptomatic infections and low rate of severe illness. Data from more regions are needed to determine the prevention and treatment strategies for children with COVID-19.

9.
Arch Microbiol ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792738

RESUMO

Bacillus is an excellent organic matter degrader, and it has exhibited various abilities required for lignocellulose degradation. Several B. velezensis strains encode lignocellulosases, however their ability to efficiently transform biomass has not been appreciated. In the present study, through the comparative genomic analysis of the whole genome sequences of 21 B. velezensis strains, CAZyome related to lignocellulose degradation was identified and their similarities and differences were compared. Subsequently, the secretome of B. velezensis LC1 by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) were identified and confirmed that a considerable number of proteins were involved in lignocellulose degradation. Moreover, after 6-day treatment, the degradation efficiency of the B. velezensis LC1 toward cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin were 59.90%, 75.44% and 23.41%, respectively, the hydrolysate was subjected to ethanol fermentation with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Escherichia coli KO11, yielded 10.44 g/L ethanol after 96 h. These results indicate that B. velezensis LC1 has the ability to effectively degrade bamboo lignocellulose and has the potential to be used in bioethanol production.

10.
J Proteome Res ; 2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33779174

RESUMO

Adult reproductive diapause is an adaptive strategy under adverse environments for insects and other arthropod species, including bumblebees, which enables queens to survive through a harsh winter and then build new colonies in the following spring. Little research has been done on the molecular regulatory mechanism of reproductive diapause in Bombus terrestris, which is an important pollinator of wild plants and crops. Our previous research identified the conditions that induced reproductive diapause during the year-round mass rearing of B. terrestris. Here, we performed combined transcriptomics and proteomics analyses of reproductive diapause in B. terrestris during and after diapause at three different ecophysiological phases, diapause, postdiapause, and founder postdiapause. The analyses showed that differentially expressed proteins/genes acted in the citrate cycle, insect hormone biosynthesis, insulin and mTOR signaling pathway. To further understand the mechanisms that regulated the reproductive diapause, genes involved in the regulation of JH synthesis, insulin/TOR signal pathway were determined. The BtRheb, BtTOR, BtVg, and BtJHAMT had lower expression levels in diapause queens. The JH III titer levels and the activities of the metabolic enzymes were significantly up-regulated in postdiapause queens. Also, after the microinjection of insulin-like peptides (ILPs) and JH analogue (JHA), hormones, cold-tolerance metabolites, metabolic enzymes, and reproduction showed significant changes. Together with results from other related research, a model of the regulation of reproductive diapause during the year-round mass rearing of B. terrestris was proposed. This study contributes to a comprehensive insight into the molecular regulatory mechanism of reproductive diapause in eusocial insects.

11.
Oncologist ; 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33749934

RESUMO

LESSONS LEARNED: MET overexpression is uncommon, and positive MET immunohistochemistry (1+/2+) was an independent positive prognostic factor for RR and progression-free survival. Whether MET overexpression can be considered a potential predictive biomarker and be used as an inclusion criterion is worth investigating in a future study. BACKGROUND: Metatinib tromethamine tablet (metatinib) is a small molecule receptor kinase inhibitor targeting both c-MET and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2. This phase I trial aimed to determine the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD), pharmacokinetics, safety, and efficacy of metatinib in patients with advanced solid tumors. METHODS: Eligible patients received a single dose of metatinib in a 3+3 dose-escalation design with dose levels of 25-800 mg/day, after a single dose on day 1, then 2 days off, and then a multidose schedule of once-daily doses for 25 consecutive days (days 4-28). Primary endpoints were MTD and safety; secondary and exploratory endpoints included pharmacokinetics (PK), efficacy, and biomarkers. RESULTS: Eighteen patients (including nine patients with hepatocellular carcinoma [HCC]) received at least one dose of study drug (one patient quit the study without continuous multiple-dose administration after receiving a single dose of metatinib). Hand-foot skin reaction, diarrhea, and liver dysfunction were the DLTs, and 200 mg/day was the MTD. The most common treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) were skin toxicity (50%), diarrhea (33.3%), and liver dysfunction (27.8%). Three patients (only one of six in the 200 mg/day cohort; the other two in the 300 mg/day cohort) experienced severe TRAEs: one patient with severe liver dysfunction and two patients with severe liver dysfunction and skin toxicity, respectively. Pharmacokinetics assessment indicated that metatinib was rapidly absorbed and metabolized to the formation of reactive metabolite, SCR-1510, after single-dose administration. The mean time taken to achieve maximum concentration and terminal elimination half-life of SCR-1510 was approximately 2.0-3.0 hours and ranged from 8 to 14 hours. Two patients had partial responses. The ORR and disease control rate (DCR) were 11.1% and 61.1%, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 2.75 months. CONCLUSION: Metatinib administration of 200 mg/day was well tolerated, safe, and effective. The MTD was 200 mg/day, which should be recommended in further investigations.

12.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682990

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effective deposition of pesticide droplets on the target leaf surface is critical for improving the utilization of pesticides. We proposed a new way to enhance the droplet deposition on the target leaf surface by changing the properties of pesticide formulation, and this formulation can be sprayed directly or at a low dilution. In addition, it is a simple method to select a suitable concentration and formulation by evaluating the interfacial dilational rheological properties of pesticide droplets. RESULTS: The wetting behavior of two types of pesticide formulations prepared by oil-based solvent on the rice leaf surface was investigated based on the surface free energy, surface tension, contact angle, adhesion tension, and adhesion work. The interfacial dilational rheological properties of different pesticide solutions were measured as a function of concentration. This study clearly demonstrates the fact that water-in-oil emulsion has a better wettability than oil-in-water emulsion, especially with the increase of the concentration of the solution, the droplets can be wetted and spread faster on the leaves. Compared with vegetable oil (methyl oleate), mineral oil (solvent oil No. 200) has smaller dilational modulus and surface tension, showing excellent wetting properties. CONCLUSION: The water-in-oil emulsion prepared with solvent oil No. 200 has the smallest dilational modulus, and the spray droplets spread rapidly to the maximum wetting area on the rice leaves, which can be used in an ultra-low volume spray. The results provide new insights into how to increase the deposition of droplets on superhydrophobic leaf surfaces by screening formulations and concentrations.

13.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 554: 83-88, 2021 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33784510

RESUMO

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) catalyze the ligation of amino acids to their cognate tRNAs and therefore play an essential role in protein biosynthesis in all living cells. The KARS gene in human encodes both cytosolic and mitochondrial lysyl-tRNA synthetase (LysRS). A recent study identified a missense mutation in KARS gene (c.517T > C) that caused autosomal recessive nonsyndromic hearing loss. This mutation led to a tyrosine to histidine (YH) substitution in both cytosolic and mitochondrial LysRS proteins, and decreased their aminoacylation activity to different levels. Here, we report the crystal structure of LysRS YH mutant at a resolution of 2.5 Å. We found that the mutation did not interfere with the active center, nor did it cause any significant conformational changes in the protein. The loops involved in tetramer interface and tRNA anticodon binding site showed relatively bigger variations between the mutant and wild type proteins. Considering the differences between the cytosolic and mitochondrial tRNAlyss, we suggest that the mutation triggered subtle changes in the tRNA anticodon binding region, and the interferences were further amplified by the different D and T loops in mitochondrial tRNAlys, and led to a complete loss of the aminoacylation of mitochondrial tRNAlys.

14.
Mol Cell ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33713597

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is currently a global pandemic. CoVs are known to generate negative subgenomes (subgenomic RNAs [sgRNAs]) through transcription-regulating sequence (TRS)-dependent template switching, but the global dynamic landscapes of coronaviral subgenomes and regulatory rules remain unclear. Here, using next-generation sequencing (NGS) short-read and Nanopore long-read poly(A) RNA sequencing in two cell types at multiple time points after infection with SARS-CoV-2, we identified hundreds of template switches and constructed the dynamic landscapes of SARS-CoV-2 subgenomes. Interestingly, template switching could occur in a bidirectional manner, with diverse SARS-CoV-2 subgenomes generated from successive template-switching events. The majority of template switches result from RNA-RNA interactions, including seed and compensatory modes, with terminal pairing status as a key determinant. Two TRS-independent template switch modes are also responsible for subgenome biogenesis. Our findings reveal the subgenome landscape of SARS-CoV-2 and its regulatory features, providing a molecular basis for understanding subgenome biogenesis and developing novel anti-viral strategies.

15.
Opt Lett ; 46(6): 1297-1300, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720171

RESUMO

We reported a high-power pure Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:CALYO laser based on the dual-confocal cavity delivering sub-100-fs pulses. The output pulses at 81 MHz have an average power of 10.4 W and the pulse duration of 98 fs, corresponding to the peak power of 1.14 MW. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest average power ever reported for a Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb-bulk oscillator. Analysis of the dual-confocal cavity was also conducted, which indicates a way to achieve higher average power. We believe the result described in this Letter may pave a way to develop Kerr-lens mode-locked bulk lasers with much higher average power.

16.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33764687

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The neurovascular unit (NVU) is emerging as a potential therapeutic target in neurological conditions, such as stroke, brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease; meanwhile, stroke is the second leading cause of death globally. The purpose of the study is to analyze the most influential articles, authors, countries, and topics in the role of NVU in stroke. METHODS: The Web of Science (WoS) database was used for bibliometric analysis using the search terms "Stroke" and "Neurovascular unit" on January 1st, 2021. Data were extracted from the WoS database to identify collaborations between authors, countries, organizations, and keywords using VOSviewer (1.6.16 mac). Two bibliometric indicators, the activity index (AI) and category normalized citation impact (CNCI), were computed. The keywords of bursts were also identified by CiteSpace. RESULTS: A total of 770 articles were analyzed by VOSviewer. AIs and CNCIs were computed of the eighteen countries according to VOSviewer co-authorship analysis results. The majority of authors mainly came from the United States and Japan. Romania, Hungary, and Poland have emerged as rising-star countries. In the 100 most-cited articles, the number of citations ranged from 1873 to 69, with a total of 15,758 citations. Most articles were published in 2011 and 2012 (n = 13 each), followed by 2009 (n = 11) and 2013, 2014, and 2015 (n = 8 each). Stroke and Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism were the two top journals. EH Lo from Harvard University/ Massachusetts General Hospital was the top first author and corresponding author. Harvard University/Massachusetts General Hospital was the most productive affiliated institution with 15 publications. CONCLUSION: There has been growing attention and efforts made in the field of stroke and NVU. The merit of the above findings may help to shape the research policy in ischemic stroke both at the country and institutional level.

17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e24762, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725942

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Chemokines are majorly involved in inflammatory and immune responses. The interferon-γ-inducible chemokines C-X-C motif chemokines 9 and 10 (CXCL9 and CXCL10) are considerably associated with Th1 cells and monocytes, and their expression levels rapidly increase during the early episodes of renal allograft rejection and various infectious diseases. CXCL13 is one of the most potent B-cell and T follicular helper-cell chemoattractants. The expression of CXCL13 in the presence of infection indicates an important chemotactic activity in multiple infectious diseases. C-C motif chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) can attract monocytes and macrophages during inflammatory responses. However, there are no studies on the role of these chemokines in posttransplant infection in kidney transplant recipients.In this study, CXCL9, CXCL10, CXCL13, and CCL2 were analyzed using the Bio-Plex suspension array system before transplant and 30 days after transplant.The serum levels of CXCL9 and CXCL13 30 days after kidney transplant were associated with infection within 1 year after transplant (P = .021 and P = .002, respectively). The serum levels of CXCL9 and CXCL13 before surgery and those of CCL2 and CXCL10 before and after surgery were not associated with infection within 1 year after transplant (P > .05). The combination of postoperative day (POD) 30 CXCL9 and postoperative day 30 CXCL13 provided the best results with an area under the curve of 0.721 (95% confidence interval, 0.591-0.852), with a sensitivity of 71.4% and specificity of 68.5% at the optimal cutoff value of 52.72 pg/mL.As important chemokines, CXCL9 and CXCL13 could be used to predict the occurrence of infection after kidney transplant.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL13/sangue , Quimiocina CXCL9/sangue , Infecções/etiologia , Nefropatias/sangue , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Quimiocina CCL2/sangue , Quimiocina CXCL10/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Nefropatias/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J BUON ; 26(1): 259-265, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721460

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To detect the expression level of HOTAIR in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and further investigate its associations with the pathological stage, computed tomography (CT) characteristics and prognosis of these patients. METHODS: The expression level of HOTAIR was assessed in normal tissues and thyroid cancer tissues of PTC patients and nodular goiter tissues of patients with nodular goiter via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Additionally, the relations of HOTAIR expression level with the clinicopathological features, CT characteristics and prognosis of PTC patients were analyzed. Finally, Western blotting was employed to detect the protein expression level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the normal tissues, thyroid cancer tissues and nodular goiter tissues. RESULTS: The expression level of HOTAIR was notably higher in the thyroid cancer tissues than in the normal tissues and nodular goiter tissues (p<0.05). The high expression of HOTAIR was significantly correlated with tumor size, depth of invasion, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage and distant metastasis (p<0.05). Univariate and multivariate analyses revealed that factors such as tumor size, TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis had statistical significance. CT imaging showed that the high expression of HOTAIR had obvious associations with tumor density, shape, strengthening residual circle and calcification (p<0.05). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the 7-year survival of PTC patients with a low expression of HOTAIR was clearly better than that of those with a high HOTAIR expression. Lastly, it was found that the protein expression of VEGF was higher in the thyroid cancer tissues than that in the normal tissues and nodular goiter tissues (p<0.05). Besides, the expression of VEGF in the thyroid cancer tissues was remarkably higher in PTC patients with a high expression of HOTAIR than in those with a low HOTAIR expression (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The expression level of HOTAIR is distinctly increased in PTC tissues and has a positive correlation with the pathological stage and poor prognosis of patients. HOTAIR can serve as a diagnostic or prognostic marker for patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma.

19.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694018

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: All RecJ proteins are known to date only perform exonuclease activity. The present study reports that a novel RecJ protein obtained from Bacillus cereus isolated from marine sediments has both endonuclease and exonuclease activities. METHODS: Analysis of the BcRecJ expression induction in E. coli BL21 revealed that the BcRecJ protein cleaved plasmids and genomic DNA in the host cell, and led to cell death and decreased the DNA content. Further, the BcRecJ protein had the ability to degrade supercoiled plasmid DNA into circular or linear forms in vitro. Meanwhile, the BcRecJ protein loaded with an S-modified guide facilitated plasmid linearization and reduced smear formation. RESULTS: The results suggested that this novel BcRecJ protein was different from any reported RecJs and had a longer C-terminus. Testing the BcRecJ mutants indicated that the endonuclease activity was affected by two residues of BcRecJ (D561, E637) after testing the BcRecJ mutants. CONCLUSION: The discovery of the type of protein is a new breakthrough for the RecJ proteins, which has both endonuclease and exonuclease activities.

20.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 549: 164-170, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33676185

RESUMO

General control nonderepressible 2 (GCN2) is a serine/threonine protein kinase, detecting a variety of stresses including amino acid starvation, reactive oxygen species, etc. in eukaryotic cells. Activation of GCN2 requires the interaction of the N-terminal RWD domain with the upstream GCN1 protein and the dimerization by the kinase domain. In this study, we determined two crystal structures of the RWD domain of human GCN2 in two different crystal packing modes. These two different crystal structures reveal a same dimer of the RWD domain, which has not been reported in previous studies. We further confirmed this novel dimer interaction in solution using gel filtration experiments, and in human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells using bimolecular fluorescence complementation (BiFC) and co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP) assays. Together, this study discovers a potential protein-protein interface on the RWD domain of human GCN2, and suggests a possible regulation between the interaction of GCN1 and the formation of GCN2 dimer.

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