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1.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; : e202211356, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36055964

RESUMO

By designing a tetraphenylethylene (TPE)-based AIEgen-ligand with reduced symmetry, we obtained two alkaline-earth metal-based MOFs (LIFM-102 and LIFM-103) with dense packing structures and low porosity as proved by single-crystal X-ray diffraction and CO2 sorption data. Excitingly, the desolvated MOFs with rigid environment and reduced lattice free solvent exhibit high quantum yields (QY, 64.9 % and 79.4 %) and excellent two-photon excited photoluminescence (TPA cross-sections, 2946.6 GM and 2899.0 GM), while maintaining the external-stimuli-responsive properties suitable for anticounterfeit fields. The effect of ligand conformation was validated by comparing the structure and fluorescence properties of the samples before and after desolvation and further verified by theoretical calculations. This work expands the study on TPE-cored materials to symmetry-reduced ligand and might bring forward novel structures and excellent photoluminescent properties in the future.

3.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(6): 1693-1697, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36054886

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to observe the effects of skull defects on the brain in rats and further to investigate its underlying pathophysiological. Three different sizes of skull were removed in rats to produce models of skull defect, and then the behavioral changes were detected using a grip strength meter and neurobehavioral severity scale scores. The authors further examined the levels of cell apoptosis and autophagy, the cerebral blood flow with immunoblotting, and immunofluorescence micro-ultrasound system, respectively. The authors found that the sensory function but not the grip was impaired on the 6th day after a 5 × 10 mm defect while the motor function was on the 2nd day. In addition, the authors found an increment in B-cell lymphoma-2/BCL2-Associated X (Bcl2/Bax) and LC3 II/I expression, a maker of apoptosis and autophagy, respectively, in the defective hemisphere especially at the edge of the defective area. Importantly, the blood flow of internal carotid artery began to decline at 2 hours, and reached minimum on the 4th day, but began to recover on the 6th day in the hemi-defect group. In conclusion, a larger skull defect could impair the cognitive function but not the motor function and its underlying pathophysiology were mainly related to a decrease in cerebral flow.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Autofagia , Animais , Encéfalo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2 , Ratos , Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Crânio/metabolismo
4.
Molecules ; 27(18)2022 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36144821

RESUMO

Protosappanoside D (PTD) is a new component isolated from the extract of Caesalpinia decapetala for the first time. Its structure was identified as protosappanin B-3-O-ß-D-glucoside by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, 2D-NMR and MS techniques. To date, the pharmacological activities, metabolism or pharmacokinetics of PTD has not been reported. Therefore, this research to study the anti-inflammatory activity of PTD was investigated via the LPS-induced RAW264.7 cells model. At the same time, we also used the UHPLC/Q Exactive Plus MS and UPLC-MS/MS methods to study the metabolites and pharmacokinetics of PTD, to calculate its bioavailability for the first time. The results showed that PTD could downregulate secretion of the pro-inflammatory cytokines. In the metabolic study, four metabolites were identified, and the primary degradative pathways in vivo involved the desaturation, oxidation, methylation, alkylation, dehydration, degradation and desugarization. In the pharmacokinetic study, PTD and its main metabolite protosappanin B (PTB) were measured after oral and intravenous administration. After oral administration of PTD, its Tmax was 0.49 h, t1/2z and MRT(0-t) were 3.47 ± 0.78 h and 3.06 ± 0.63 h, respectively. It shows that PTD was quickly absorbed into plasma and it may be eliminated quickly in the body, and its bioavailability is about 0.65%.

6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 70(37): 11579-11590, 2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098553

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of Arg-containing peptides from walnut storage protein sequences in scopolamine-induced zebrafish and further to validate the potential neuroprotection of Arg-containing peptide enriched walnut hydrolysates prepared by in silico hydrolysis and controlled enzymatic release. Results showed that walnut derived Arg-containing peptides with high abundance and great bioactivity predicted by bioinformatics displayed potent neuroprotection in scopolamine-induced zebrafish, and regulation of neurotransmitter level and antioxidant enzyme activity might be the main target for Arg-containing peptides to exert neuroprotection. Notably, Arg-containing peptides (not free arginine) contributed greater neuroprotection, and the positive charge and cell-penetrating properties also affected their neuroprotection. Subsequently, Arg-containing peptides could be released efficiently from walnut protein following hydrolysis by trypsin, pepsin, papain, and thermolysin (bound arginine content: ranging from 110.43 ± 1.58 to 121.82 ± 1.02 mg/g). Among them, trypsin had excellent potential for releasing Arg-containing peptides in silico hydrolysis, and its hydrolysate was confirmed to have neuroprotective capacity, indicating that the combination of in silico hydrolysis and controlled enzymatic release might be an effective approach to obtain Arg-containing neuroprotective peptides.


Assuntos
Juglans , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Arginina , Cognição , Hidrólise , Juglans/química , Transtornos da Memória/induzido quimicamente , Neuroproteção , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Papaína , Pepsina A , Peptídeos/química , Escopolamina/efeitos adversos , Termolisina , Tripsina , Peixe-Zebra
7.
Int J Endocrinol ; 2022: 9583611, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072812

RESUMO

Objective: To study the relationship between insulin resistance and urinary microalbumin creatinine ratio in postmenopausal women. Methods: The selected research group comprised 104 postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes who were admitted to the Department of Endocrinology in the green card center at the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University between 2017 and 2019 inclusive. Ninety-eight postmenopausal women with the normal blood glucose metabolism hospitalized in the same period were used as the control group. The age, body mass index, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), heart rate, fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin (FINS), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C), and urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR) were analyzed. The insulin resistance index (HOMR-IR) was calculated, and the correlation between IR and UACR was analyzed. Results: Levels of HOMA-IR, SBP, HbA1c, HDL-C, LDL-C, TC, TG, FPG, FINS, and UACR in the study group were higher than those in the control group, and a significant difference was found between the groups (P < 0.05). The level of DBP in the study group was lower than that in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). Pearson correlation analysis showed that UACR was positively correlated with HOMA-IR and HbA1c (r = 0.254, r = 0.565, P < 0.01). Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis further showed that HOMA-IR and age were positively correlated with UACR (P < 0.05). Conclusion: There is a correlation between IR and UACR in postmenopausal women. IR is an independent risk factor for UACR.

8.
Food Res Int ; 160: 111742, 2022 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076424

RESUMO

The excessive accumulation of angiotensin II (Ang II) in the vascular microenvironment promotes vascular dysfunction including vascular endothelial inflammation and remodeling. In the present study, a soybean protein hydrolysate enriching with vasoactive peptides was prepared and explored the anti-inflammatory effects on the aorta of spontaneous hypertensive rats (SHRs). The soybean-derived vasoactive peptide (SVP) significantly reduced the blood pressure and attenuated inflammation of the aorta in SHRs. Pathologically, the SVP improved the wall thickening and inflammatory cell infiltration of the aorta. Mechanistically, the SVP not only reduced the expression of miRNA-19b in the aorta but down-regulated the packaging of miRNA-19b in serum EVs. The miRNA-19b targeted the deubiquitinating enzyme cylindromatosis (CYLD) in the aorta and broke the ubiquitination balance of CYLD-TRAF6. These results caused a disorder of the TRAF6-mediated signaling pathway in the aorta, which resulted in upregulation of the expression of IL-6 and TNF-α in the aorta. This pathological process in SHRs was improved by the SVP hydrolysate gavage administration. These results reported a novel anti-inflammatory mechanism of SVP through the serum EVs mediating the miR-19b/CYLD/TRAF6 axis.


Assuntos
Vesículas Extracelulares , MicroRNAs , Animais , Inflamação , MicroRNAs/genética , Hidrolisados de Proteína , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Soja , Fator 6 Associado a Receptor de TNF/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase
9.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 112: 109197, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36058031

RESUMO

Vascular inflammation could occur in all organs and tissues in patients with systematic lupus erythematosus (SLE), of which skin is the most frequent one. Our previous research identified anti-galectin-3 (Gal3) antibodies (Abs) as an important mediator of lupus cutaneous vasculopathy. Herein, we showed that anti-Gal3 Abs dysregulated the function of vascular endothelial cells with higher transcript levels of IL-1ß and increased expression of mature IL-1ß. The enhanced production of IL-1ß secreted by endothelial cells was dependent on NLRP3 inflammasome. Intradermal injection of anti-Gal3 Abs in mice induced local inflammation with perivascular infiltration of T cells and neutrophils, which was inhibited by IL-1ß blockade. Induction of anti-Gal3 Abs in circulation by immunization of Gal3 antigen not only led to histopathologic changes in the skin, including focal keratinocytes vacuolization and thickening of blood vessels, but also a systemic autoimmune phenotype that involves autoantibody production and kidney damage. Intriguingly, local overexpression of IL-1ß was primarily associated with skin lesions but not with other internal organs in mice. Finally, we showed that the serum levels of IL-1ß were comparable between SLE patients and healthy donors. Whilst the expression of IL-1ß was enriched in local area with perivascular inflammation in lupus skin lesion compared to healthy normal skin. The results strongly suggest that IL-1ß plays an important role in mediating anti-Gal3 Ab-induced skin vascular inflammation and raised the prospect for using IL-1ß blocking therapies to treat lupus cutaneous damage.

10.
Genes (Basel) ; 13(8)2022 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36011404

RESUMO

Soil salt alkalization is one major abiotic factor reducing the productivity of crops, including rapeseed, an indispensable oil crop and vegetable. The mechanism studies of alkali salt tolerance can help breed highly resistant varieties. In the current study, rapeseed (B. napus) line 2205 exhibited more tolerance to alkaline salt than line 1423 did. In line 2205, the lesser plasma membrane damage index, the accumulated osmotic solute, and higher antioxidant enzyme activities contributed to alkaline tolerance. A more integrated mesophyll-cell structure was revealed under alkali salt stress by ultrastructure observation in line 2205, which also implied a lesser injury. Transcriptome analysis showed that more genes responded to alkaline salt in line 2205. The expression of specific-response genes in line 1423 was lower than in line 2205. However, most of the specific-response genes in line 2205 had higher expression, which was mainly enriched in carbohydrate metabolism, photosynthetic processes, ROS regulating, and response to salt stress. It can be seen that the tolerance to alkaline salt is attributed to the high expression of some genes in these pathways. Based on these, twelve cross-differentially expressed genes were proposed as candidates. They provide clues for further analysis of the resistance mechanism of rapeseed.


Assuntos
Brassica napus , Álcalis/metabolismo , Brassica napus/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Melhoramento Vegetal , Tolerância ao Sal/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Transcriptoma/genética
11.
Biotechnol Biofuels Bioprod ; 15(1): 89, 2022 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36031598

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The production and processing of animal-based products generates many collagen-rich by-products, which have received attention both for exploitation to increase their added value and to reduce their negative environmental impact. The collagen-rich by-products can be hydrolyzed by collagenases for further utilization. Therefore, collagenases are of benefit for efficient collagen materials processing. An alternative and safe way to produce secreted collagenases is needed. RESULTS: Two collagenases from Hathewaya histolytica, ColG and ColH, were successfully secreted by the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Compared with the native signal peptide of collagenase, the α-factor leader is more efficient in guiding collagenase secretion. Collagenase secretion was significantly increased in YPD medium by supplementing with calcium and zinc ions. Recombinant collagenase titers reached 68 U/mL and 55 U/mL for ColG and ColH, respectively. Collagenase expression imposed metabolic perturbations on yeast cells; substrate consumption, metabolites production and intracellular cofactor levels changed in engineered strains. Both recombinant collagenases from yeast could hydrolyze soluble and insoluble collagen materials. Recombinant ColG and ColH showed a synergistic effect on efficient collagen digestion. CONCLUSIONS: Sufficient calcium and zinc ions are essential for active collagenase production by yeast. Collagenase secretion was increased by optimization of expression cassettes. Collagenase expression imposed metabolic burden and cofactor perturbations on yeast cells, which could be improved through metabolic engineering. Our work provides a useful way to produce collagenases for collagen resource utilization.

12.
Food Chem ; 397: 133821, 2022 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35917789

RESUMO

There are abundant dipeptidyl-peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory peptide motifs in collagen sequences due to high content of Pro. However, the structural features of the most potent DPP-IV inhibitory peptides were not fully elucidated. In this study, peptides from tilapia skin gelatin hydrolysates with different DPP-IV inhibitory activities were analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS and multivariate analysis, and a Gly-Pro-type peptide library was constructed to elucidate their structural features. Results showed that peptide length had a dominant effect on the DPP-IV inhibition of collagen-derived peptides. Moreover, Gly-Pro-type peptides (e.g., GPA- and GPI- types) containing 4 âˆ¼ 9 residues showed a potent DPP-IV inhibition, the IC50 values of which were 2.15 âˆ¼ 10.43 times lower than that of Gly-Pro-Xaa tripeptides. More importantly, different proteases had discrepancy in releasing these peptides, among which papain could release them to a greater extent due to its strong preference for Arg in the S1 subsite and Pro in the S3 subsite.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV , Tilápia , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida , Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Dipeptídeos , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/química , Gelatina , Análise Multivariada , Biblioteca de Peptídeos , Peptídeos/química , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Tilápia/metabolismo
13.
Pharm Biol ; 60(1): 1616-1624, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35980105

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Aidi injection (ADI), a traditional Chinese medicine antitumor injection, is usually combined with doxorubicin (DOX) for the treatment of malignant tumours. The cardiotoxicity of DOX is ameliorated by ADI in the clinic. However, the relevant mechanism is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of ADI on DOX-induced cardiotoxicity and its mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ICR mice were randomly divided into six groups: control, ADI-L, ADI-H, DOX, DOX + ADI-L and DOX + ADI-H. DOX (i.p., 0.03 mg/10 g) was administered in the presence or absence of ADI (i.p., 0.1 or 0.2 mL/10 g) for two weeks. Heart pathology and levels of AST, LDH, CK, CK-MB and BNP were assessed. H9c2 cells were treated with DOX in the presence or absence of ADI (1, 4, 10%). Cell viability, caspase-3 activity, nuclear morphology, and CBR1 expression were then evaluated. DOX and doxorubicinol (DOXol) concentrations in heart, liver, kidneys, serum, and cells were analysed by UPLC-MS/MS. RESULTS: High-dose ADI significantly reduced DOX-induced pathological changes and the levels of AST, LDH, CK, CK-MB and BNP to normal. Combined treatment with ADI (1, 4, 10%) improved the cell viability, and IC50 increased from 68.51 µM (DOX alone) to 83.47, 176.9, and 310.8 µM, reduced caspase-3 activity by 39.17, 43.96, and 61.82%, respectively. High-dose ADI inhibited the expression of CBR1 protein by 32.3%, reduced DOXol levels in heart, serum and H9c2 cells by 59.8, 72.5 and 48.99%, respectively. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: ADI reduces DOX-induced cardiotoxicity by inhibiting CBR1 expression, which provides a scientific basis for the rational use of ADI.


Assuntos
Carbonil Redutase (NADPH) , Cardiotoxicidade , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/toxicidade , Cardiotoxicidade/metabolismo , Caspase 3 , Cromatografia Líquida , Creatina Quinase Forma MB , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 106(18): 6077-6094, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35976426

RESUMO

Sodium bicarbonate pretreatment and solid-state fermentation (SSF) were used to maximize the nutritional value of corn germ meal (CGM) by inoculating it with Bacillus velezensis CL-4 (isolated from chicken cecal contents and capable of degrading lignocellulose). Based on genome sequencing, B. velezensis CL-4 has a 4,063,558 bp ring chromosome and 46.27% GC content. Furthermore, genes associated with degradation of lignocellulose degradation were detected. Pretreatment of CGM (PCGM) with sodium bicarbonate (optimized to 0.06 g/mL) neutralized low pH. Fermented and pretreated CGM (FPCGM) contained more crude protein (CP), soluble protein of trichloroacetic acid (TCA-SP), and total amino acids (aa) than CGM and PCGM. Degradation rates of cellulose and hemicellulose were reduced by 21.33 and 71.35%, respectively, after 48 h fermentation. Based on electron microscopy, FPCGM destroys the surface structure and adds small debris of the CGM substrate, due to lignocellulose breakdown. Furthermore, 2-oxoadipic acid and dimethyl sulfone were the most important metabolites during pretreatment. Concentrations of adenosine, cytidine, guanosine, S-methyl-5'-thioadenosine, and adenine decreased significantly after 48 h fermentation, whereas concentrations of probiotics, enzymes, and fatty acids (including palmitic, 16-hydroxypalmitic, and linoleic acids) were significantly improved after fermentation. In conclusion, the novel pretreatment of CGM provided a proof of concept for using B. velezensis CL-4 to degrade lignocellulose components, improve nutritional characteristics of CGM, and expand CGM lignocellulosic biological feed production. KEY POINTS: • Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) can be used as an economical and green additive to pretreat corn germ meal; • Fermentation with B. velezensis degrades the cellulose and hemicellulose component of corn germ meal and improves its feed quality; • As a novel qualified presumption of safety (QPS) strain, B. velezensis should have broad potential applications in food and feed industries.


Assuntos
Bicarbonato de Sódio , Zea mays , Bacillus , Celulose/metabolismo , Fermentação , Lignina , Nutrientes , Bicarbonato de Sódio/metabolismo , Zea mays/metabolismo
15.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 7393661, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966245

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of the combined application of 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy, glaucoma drainage valve implantation, and phacoemulsification cataract extraction in the treatment of neovascular glaucoma (NVG) secondary to proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) combined with vitreous hemorrhage (VH). Methods: Eighty-three patients (91 eyes) with PDR diagnosed as NVG phase III complicated with VH from June 2018 to May 2020 were selected as the study subjects. The subjects were randomly divided into 3 groups: group A was treated with 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy combined with glaucoma drainage valve implantation; group B was given 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy combined with phacoemulsification cataract extraction; and group C was treated with 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy combined with glaucoma drainage valve implantation and phacoemulsification cataract extraction. The uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA), intraocular pressure (IOP), and iris neovascularization (INV) scores were recorded and compared among the 3 groups before and after operation, and then the postoperative pain relief and complications were observed. Results: Through observation, there was no significant difference in the UCVA, IOP, and INV scores in the 3 groups before operation. After the operation, the UCVA, IOP, and INV scores of the 3 groups were significantly lower than those before operation. After operation, the UCVA of the 3 groups increased first and then decreased, and it improved most significantly in the 3rd month after operation and decreased in the 4th month after operation. There were significant differences in UCVA among the 3 groups at each time point after operation. From the 1st day to the 6th month after operation, the IOP of the 3 groups showed an upward trend, and there was no significant difference among the 3 groups in IOP at each time point after operation. At the 1st, 3rd, and 6th months after operation, the INV score of group A and group B was higher than that of group C. There was no significant difference in the INV score between group A and group B. The incidence of complications was not significantly different among the 3 groups. Conclusion: 23G minimally invasive vitrectomy, glaucoma drainage valve implantation, and phacoemulsification cataract extraction can effectively improve the UCVA, IOP, and INV scores of NVG secondary to PDR with VH, and the combined application of the 3 methods has better security.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Diabetes Mellitus , Retinopatia Diabética , Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma , Glaucoma Neovascular , Glaucoma , Facoemulsificação , Extração de Catarata/efeitos adversos , Retinopatia Diabética/complicações , Retinopatia Diabética/cirurgia , Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma/efeitos adversos , Glaucoma Neovascular/etiologia , Glaucoma Neovascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Facoemulsificação/efeitos adversos , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Vitrectomia/efeitos adversos , Vitrectomia/métodos , Hemorragia Vítrea/complicações , Hemorragia Vítrea/cirurgia
16.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 929800, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966707

RESUMO

Objective: To precisely determine the species of a carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas strain 1809276 isolated from the urine of a Chinese patient and analyze its integrative and conjugative element (ICE) 1276 formation mechanism. Methods: Single-molecule real-time (SMRT) sequencing was carried out on strain 18091276 to obtain the complete chromosome and plasmid (pCN1276) sequences, and average nucleotide identity (ANI) was used for precise species identification. The ICEs in GenBank with the same integrase structure as ICE 1276 were aligned. At the same time, the transfer ability of bla IMP-1 and the antibiotic sensitivity of Pseudomonas juntendi 18091276 were tested. Results: This bacterium was P. juntendi, and its drug resistance mechanism is the capture of the accA4' gene cassette by the Tn402-like type 1 integron (IntI1-bla IMP-1) to form In1886 before its capture by the ΔTn4662a-carrying ICE 1276. The acquisition of bla IMP-1 confers carbapenem resistance to P. juntendi 18091276. Conclusion: The formation of bla IMP-1-carrying ICE 1276, its further integration into the chromosomes, and transposition and recombination of other elements promote bacterial gene accumulation and transmission.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35966738

RESUMO

This research was to analyze the effect of flavored Tongxie Yaofang on diarrheal irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by the situation of intestinal microecology. The treatment mechanism was analyzed, so as to provide a more effective treatment method for patients clinically. 60 IBS patients were selected as the research objects and were divided according to the different treatment methods. For the control group (n = 20 cases), oral pinaverium bromide tablets were given. For the treatment group (n = 40 cases), the flavored Tongxie Yaofang decoction was given in addition to conventional treatment. The curative effects on the two groups of patients were evaluated in combination with the changes in intestinal microecology. With the syndrome score, the total effective rate of the treatment group (92.5%) was obviously superior to the control group (80%) (P < 0.05). The clinical symptoms such as abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and diarrhea in the treatment group were significantly relieved after treatment in contrast to the control group (P < 0.05). Intestinal Bifidobacterium, Escherichia coli, and Bifidobacterium/Escherichia coli (B/E) ratio were all greatly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). In summary, flavored Tongxie Yaofang had a good effect in improving the symptoms of patients with diarrheal IBS and improved the microflora of Bifidobacterium and Escherichia coli in the intestinal tract of patients.

18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2022: 8917947, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36035208

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease, which has a complex interplay between altered immune metabolism and oxidative stress. Therefore, we aimed to determine the oxidative stress and immune-related biomarkers in AS. Differential gene expression analyses are based on the GSE100927 dataset in the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), and 389 oxidative stress (OS) genes are identified based on gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). We identified 74 differentially expressed genes related to oxidative stress (DEOSGs). "CIBERSORT" and "WGCNA" R Packages were used to compare the differences in immune infiltration levels between AS and control samples. The DEOSGs (N = 74) were intersected with the key module's genes of WGCNA (N = 972), and 27 differentially expressed immune-related oxidative stress genes (DEIOSGs) were obtained. To identify the pivotal genes, a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the STRING database and the Cytoscape software. MMP9, ALOX5, NCF2, NCF, and NCF4 were identified as diagnostic markers of AS, and we validated them in the GSE57691 dataset. The expression levels of the five diagnostic genes were significantly highly expressed in the AS group. Correlation analysis and single-cell analysis revealed that five diagnostic genes were mainly correlated with macrophages M1. We, respectively, intersected differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with ferroptosis gene set, necroptosis gene set, and pyroptosis gene set. The findings suggested that ALOX5 and NCF2 were differentially expressed genes of ferroptosis. High expression of five hub genes in RAW264.7 macrophages were confirmed by PCR. High ALOX5 and NCF2 expression levels in plaque tissues were confirmed by immunohistochemistry (IHC) and western blotting. Our study identified that MMP9, ALOX5, NCF2, NCF1, and NCF4 were diagnostic genes of AS and associated with oxidative stress. ALOX5 and NCF2 may be involved in the formation of the necrotic core in AS by regulating macrophage ferroptosis.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Ferroptose , Biomarcadores , Biologia Computacional , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Macrófagos , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz , Estresse Oxidativo
19.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(35): 40447-40459, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36006781

RESUMO

Inspired by information processing and logic operations of life, many artificial biochemical systems have been designed for applications in molecular information processing. However, encoding the binary synergism between matter, energy, and information in a superwetting system remains challenging. Herein, a superwetting paradigm was proposed for multifunctional applications including molecular visual sensing and data security on a superhydrophobic surface. A Triton X-100-encapsulated gelatin (TeG) hydrogel was prepared and selectively decomposed by trypsin, releasing the surfactant to decrease the surface tension of a droplet. Integrating the droplet with the superhydrophobic surface, the superwetting behavior was utilized for visual detection and information encoding. Interestingly, the proposed TeG hydrogel can function as an artificial gelneuron for molecular-level logic computing, where the combination of matters (superhydrophobic surface, trypsin, and leupeptin) acts as inputs to interact with energy (liquid surface tension and solid surface energy) and information (binary character), resulting in superwettability transitions (droplet surface tension, contact angle, rolling angle, and bounce) as outputs. Impressively, the TeG gelneuron can be further developed as molecular-level double cryptographic steganography to encode, encrypt, and hide specific information (including the maze escape route and content of the classical literature) due to its programmability, stimuli responsive ability, and droplet concealment. This study will encourage the development of advanced molecular paradigms and their applications, such as superwetting visual sensing, molecular computing, interaction, and data security.

20.
J Immunol Res ; 2022: 1993023, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35785035

RESUMO

Necroptosis is a form of programmed cell death that has recently been shown to be important in the progression of head and neck cancer (HNC). Noncoding RNAs (ncRNAs) are known to function in cell death and tumor formation. In this study, we focused on microRNAs (miRNA) that play roles in necroptosis and the progression of HNC. We collected miRNA expression data, related clinical data of patients with HNC, and miRNA data related to necroptosis. A prognostic multimiRNA molecular marker was generated based on differential expression analysis and univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses. Target genes of the prognosis-related miRNAs were identified, and their functions were evaluated by Gene Ontology Enrichment Analysis to reveal the processes the miRNAs may be involved in. Eight potentially prognostic miRNAs were identified through differential expression analysis: miR-331-3p, miR-181d-5p, miR-181b-5p, miR-500a-3p, miR-425-5p, miR-181a-5p, miR-141-3p, and miR-200a-5p. Multivariate Cox regression identified the risk score as an independent prognostic factor (univariate Cox regression results: hazard ratio (HR): 2.2028, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.2640-3.8388, P = 0.0053; multivariate Cox regression results: HR: 2.4168, 95% CI: 1.3743-4.2501, P = 0.0022). Survival curve analysis revealed that patients with a high risk score had a bad prognosis (P = 0.0109). A receiver operating characteristic curve showed that the model has a certain prediction ability. We identified 187 miRNA-related genes, which were enriched in "cell cycle" and "cellular senescence." In conclusion, this study identified eight novel miRNA markers for predicting the prognosis of patients with HNC and paved the way for future research on necroptosis-related genes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , MicroRNAs , Biomarcadores , Biologia Computacional , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Necroptose/genética
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