Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 481
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
2.
Biosci Rep ; 2020 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043523

RESUMO

AIMS:  Baculoviral inhibitor of apoptosis repeat containing 5 (BIRC5) plays vital roles in carcinogenesis by influencing cell division and proliferation and by inhibiting apoptosis. However, the prognostic significance of BIRC5 remains unclear in breast cancer. METHODS:  BIRC5 expression and methylation status were evaluated using the Oncomine and TCGA database. The relevance between BIRC5 and different clinicopathological features as well as survival information was analyzed using the bc-GenExMiner database and Kaplan-Meier Plotter. BIRC5-drug interaction network was obtained using the Comparative Toxicogenomics Database. RESULTS:  Based on the results from databases and own hospital data, BIRC5 was higher-expressed in different breast cancer subtypes compared to the matched normal individuals. Hormone receptors were negatively correlated with BIRC5 expression, whereas the Scarff-Bloom-Richardson grade, Nottingham Prognostic Index, HER-2 status, basal-like status, and triple-negative status were positively related to BIRC5 level in breast cancer samples with respect to normal tissues. High BIRC5 expression was responsible for shorter relapse free survival, worse overall survival, reduced distant metastasis free survival, and increased risk of metastatic relapse event. BIRC5-drug interaction network indicated that several common drugs could modulate BIRC5 expression. Furthermore, a positive correlation between BIRC5 and CDC20 gene was confirmed. CONCLUSION:  BIRC5 may be adopted as a promising predictive marker and potential therapeutic target in breast cancer. Further large-scale studies are needed to more precisely confirm the value of BIRC5 in treatment of breast cancer.

3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037817

RESUMO

Increasing level of inflammation and oxidative stress could lead to memory impairment. The purpose of this study was to determine the neuroprotective effects of walnut peptides against memory deficits induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in mice and further to explore the underlying anti-inflammatory mechanisms against LPS-elicited inflammation in BV-2 cells. Results showed that walnut protein hydrolysate (WPH) and its low molecular weight fraction WPHL could ameliorate the memory deficits induced by LPS via normalizing the inflammatory response and oxidative stress in brain, especially for WPHL. Furthermore, 18 peptides with anti-inflammatory activities on LPS-activated BV-2 cells were identified from WPHL and it was found that Trp, Gly and Leu residues in peptides might contribute to the anti-inflammation. Meanwhile, the strong anti-inflammatory effects of LPF, GVYY and APTLW might be related to their hydrophobic and aromatic amino acids residues as well. LPF, GVYY and APTLW could reduce the content of pro-inflammatory mediators and cytokines by down-regulating related enzyme expression and mRNA expression, respectively. Additionally, ROS and mitochondria homeostasis might also contribute to their anti-inflammatory effects.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995979

RESUMO

Hyperglycemia-induced oxidative stress can cause liver damage in diabetes, and protein hydrolysates with antidiabetic and antioxidant properties are emerging as a potential therapy. In this study, protective effects of casein hydrolysates against live oxidative damage in streptozotocin/high-fat-induced diabetic rats were studied and potentially bioactive peptides were explored by an integrated approach of differential peptide and in silico analysis. Results showed that different casein hydrolysates significantly alleviated liver oxidative damage (p < 0.05) via different mechanisms. Particularly, casein hydrolyzed by a papain-flavourzyme combination (P-FCH) treatment significantly improved liver antioxidant enzyme activities by enhancing nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcription (p < 0.05). Furthermore, 18 peptides were screened as potential bioactive peptides by analyzing differential peptides among different hydrolysates combined with in silico prediction. Among them, the dipeptide WM might directly inhibit the Kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap1)-Nrf2 interaction as potential Nrf2 activators. These results suggested that P-FCH might be an alternative way to treat liver damage in diabetes.

5.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 21(1): 52, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic surgery procedures vary depending on the types of meniscus tear, including meniscectomy and meniscus repair. Among the several types of meniscus tear, the horizontal tear of the lateral meniscus at the popliteal hiatus region is a common injury, and its surgical treatment is still inconsistent. METHODS: Between January 2018 and October 2018, 20 patients who underwent all-inside repair with suture hook for the horizontal tear of the lateral meniscus at the popliteal hiatus region were recruited. Any operative complication was recorded, and postoperative MRI scans were conducted at the 6 months. The clinical results were graded based on the scale of the Lysholm knee score preoperatively and at follow-up. RESULTS: No operative complications were recorded. Postoperative MRIs at the 6 months showed that there was no re-tear for all patients, though signal intensity remained high in T2-weighted MRI in the lateral meniscus for nine cases. The average preoperative Lysholm knee score was 58.6 ± 10.1, which increased significantly to 89.3 ± 7.8 (t = - 11.01, p = 0.001) at the last follow-up. Recurrence or aggravation of symptoms was not noted at the final follow-up. CONCLUSION: All-inside repair with suture hook may be a good option for the horizontal tear of the lateral meniscus at the popliteal hiatus region which preserves the meniscus; avoids iatrogenic injury on the adjacent popliteal tendon, common peroneal nerve, and inferior lateral geniculate artery.

6.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-11, 2020 Jan 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985308

RESUMO

Despite remarkable efficacy, there is an emerging concern regarding TKI-associated cardiovascular toxicity in CML. Long term follow-up studies on association between TKI therapy and cardiovascular outcome have been limited. CML patients were accessed from the SEER 18 database from 1992 to 2011. Cardiovascular disease (CVD) specific mortality was calculated comparing the pre-TKI era to the TKI era using the Fine-Gray competing risk model. Overall, the TKI era was associated with a reduced cardiovascular mortality compared with the pre-TKI era (HR = 0.72; 95%CI, 0.59-0.89). Our results argue for continued aggressive screening, identification and management of cardiovascular risk factors among all CML patients, especially the elderly, and further investigation into specific mechanisms, factors and predictors of risks in TKI-treated CML.

7.
Clin Neurol Neurosurg ; 188: 105563, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31783304

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST) is a rare subtype of stroke that most commonly affects younger women. While most patients treated with anticoagulation therapy have good outcomes, a significant number go on to experience disability. The primary aim of this study was to identify objective, easily reproducible, clinical admission predictors of poor outcome at discharge in patients with CVST. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of adult CVST patients admitted at our comprehensive stroke center between April 2004 and December 2017. The medical records of patients with a CVST discharge diagnosis code were reviewed for diagnosis confirmation and extraction of clinical and demographic admission data. Multivariable logistic regression was used to build predictive models of objective, standardized examination signs and adjusted for confounders. The primary endpoint was modified Rankin Scale score at discharge defined as good outcome (0-2) and poor outcome (3-6). Mortality was the secondary endpoint. RESULTS: A total of 176 CVST patients were identified. Most patients were white (91 %) and female (65 %). The median age was 40 years old. Headache was the most commonly reported symptom (74 %). Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) was present in 27 % of patients, venous infarct occurred in 22 % of the patients, and 12 % had both. Age (OR = 1.03, 95 % CI 1.01-1.05), abnormal level of consciousness (OR = 4.38, 95 % CI 1.86-8.88), and focal motor deficits (OR = 3.49, 95 % CI 1.49-8.15) were found to be predictive of poor functional outcome. Pre-hospitalization infections (OR = 5.22, 95 % CI 1.51-18.07) and abnormal level of consciousness (OR = 9.22, 95 % CI 2.34-36.40) were significant predictors of mortality. The predictive effect remained significant after adjusting by median PTT level, presence of intracranial hemorrhage, and venous infarct. CONCLUSIONS: Age, abnormal level of consciousness, and focal motor deficits identified at admission are independently associated with poor outcome in CVST patients. These frequently prevalent, easily reproducible examination signs represent the first step to develop a clinical prediction tool toward stratifying CVST patients with poor prognosis at admission.

8.
Biomed Chromatogr ; 34(1): e4714, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633806

RESUMO

Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. (E. ulmoides) is a valuable and nourishing medicinal herb in China that has been used in the treatment of hypertension. Given the fact that most traditional Chinese medicine is mainly used to treat disease, investigating the pharmacokinetics of traditional Chinese medicines in the pathological state is more useful than that in the normal state. However, the differences in the absorption kinetics of active ingredients of E. ulmoides extract between pathological and physiological conditions have not been reported. Therefore, in this study, the rat intestinal in situ circulatory perfusion model was used to investigate the differences in absorption kinetics of seven active ingredients of E. ulmoides extract in normal and spontaneously hypertensive rats, namely, genipinic acid, protocatechuic acid, neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, (+)-pinoresinol di-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside and (+)-pinoresinol 4'-O-ß-D-glucopyranoside. Our results indicate that the pathological state of spontaneous hypertension may change the absorption of active components of E. ulmoides extracts, and these findings may provide a reference for improving the rational use of E. ulmoides in the clinic.


Assuntos
Eucommiaceae , Absorção Intestinal , Extratos Vegetais , Animais , Anti-Hipertensivos/análise , Anti-Hipertensivos/farmacocinética , Líquidos Corporais/química , Ácido Clorogênico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Clorogênico/análise , Ácido Clorogênico/farmacocinética , Furanos/análise , Furanos/farmacocinética , Hidroxibenzoatos/análise , Hidroxibenzoatos/farmacocinética , Lignanas/análise , Lignanas/farmacocinética , Extratos Vegetais/análise , Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos SHR , Ratos Wistar
9.
Gynecol Obstet Invest ; 85(1): 26-33, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The estrogen receptor α (ERα) gene is a potential candidate gene of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to investigate the relationship of ERα gene polymorphism (single nucleotide polymorphism [SNP]) and its expression in placental tissues with the development of GDM. METHODS: The SNPs of PvuII and Xba I in the ERα gene of 175 pregnant women with GDM and 240 healthy pregnant women were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism. Immunohistochemistry and western blotting were used to analyze the expression of the ERα gene in placental tissues. RESULTS: The results showed that the frequency of the CC + CT genotype and the C allele frequency of PvuII in the GDM group was significantly higher than that of the control group (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the genotype distribution and allele frequency of Xba I between the GDM group and control group. The expression of ERα in placental tissues of pregnant women with GDM was higher than that in the control group (p < 0.05). The participants with the PvuII CC + CT genotype had elevated levels of fasting blood glucose, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (IR), and ERα expression in placental tissues compared with those with the TT genotype in the GDM group (p < 0.05). The SNP of Xba I of ERα gene had no correlation with clinical biochemical indicators of GDM and the expression of ERα in placental tissues (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This study suggested that SNP of the ERα gene and abnormal expression of ERα in placenta tissues were associated with GDM. The C allele of PvuII may be associated with GDM. In addition, SNP of the PvuII site in pregnant women with GDM was related to the degree of IR and to the upregulation of ERα expression in placental tissues, which may play an important role in the pathogenesis of GDM.

10.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109622, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707340

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous study has demonstrated that long noncoding RNA cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 2B antisense RNA 1 (CDKN2B-AS1) was abnormally expressed in diabetic nephropathy (DN). However, the underlying mechanism that allows CDKN2B-AS1 in the progression of DN remains to be further elucidated. METHODS: Peripheral blood cells of 24 diabetes patients with DN and 20 without DN were collected. Human glomerular mesangial cells (HGMC) were cultured in high glucose or low glucose medium. The expression levels of CDKN2B-AS1, microRNA (miR)-424-5p and high mobility group AT hook 2 (HMGA2) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction or western blot. The target association between miR-424-5p and CDKN2B-AS1 or HMGA2 was confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. Cell proliferation, extracellular matrix (ECM) accumulation and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT) signaling were investigated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and western blot, respectively. RESULTS: CDKN2B-AS1 expression was up-regulated and miR-424-5p level was down-regulated in peripheral blood of DN patients and high glucose-treated HGMC cells. CDKN2B-AS1 was validated as a sponge of miR-424-5p. Silence of CDKN2B-AS1 repressed proliferation and ECM accumulation by increasing miR-424-5p. HMGA2 was a target of miR-424-5p and miR-424-5p overexpression inhibited proliferation, ECM accumulation and PI3K/AKT pathway by targeting HMGA2. Moreover, knockdown of CDKN2B-AS1 inhibited HMGA2 expression and PI3K/AKT pathway by increasing miR-424-5p. CONCLUSION: Knockdown of CDKN2B-AS1 suppressed proliferation, ECM accumulation and PI3K/AKT signaling by increasing miR-424-5p and decreasing HMGA2 in high glucose-treated HMGC cells.

11.
Acta Neurochir Suppl ; 127: 149-153, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407076

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early identification of vasospasm prior to symptom onset would allow prevention of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). Dynamic cerebral autoregulation (DCA) is a noninvasive means of assessing cerebral blood flow regulation by determining independence of low-frequency temporal oscillations of systemic blood pressure (BP) and cerebral blood flow velocities (CBFV). METHODS: Eight SAH patients underwent prospectively a median of 7 DCA assessments consisting of continuous measurements of BCFV and BP. Transfer function analysis was applied to calculate average phase shift (PS) in low (0.07-0.2 Hz) frequency range for each hemisphere as continuous measure of DCA. Lower PS indicated poorer regulatory response. DCI was defined as a 2-point decrease in Glasgow Coma Score and/or infarction on CT. RESULTS: Three subjects developed symptomatic vasospasm with median time-to-DCI of 9 days. DCI was significantly associated with lower PS over the entire recording period (Wald = 4.28; p = 0.039). Additionally, there was a significant change in PS over different recording periods after adjusting for DCI (Wald = 15.66; p = 0.001); particularly, a significantly lower mean PS day 3-5 after bleed (14.22 vs 27.51; p = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: DCA might be useful for early detection of symptomatic vasospasm. A larger cohort study of SAH patients is currently underway.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Vasoespasmo Intracraniano , Estudos de Coortes , Homeostase , Humanos
12.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 14(1): 421, 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary osteoporosis may occur in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), causing irreversible joint damage and disability. Bisphosphonates, the recently developed bone resorption inhibitors, have demonstrated significant therapeutic effects on senile and postmenopausal osteoporosis. This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of zoledronic acid (ZOL), with or without methotrexate (MTX), for the prevention and treatment of bone destruction in RA patients. METHODS: We recruited 66 RA patients with symptoms of secondary osteoporosis. They were randomized into three treatment groups-combined treatment with MTX and ZOL, ZOL monotherapy, or MTX monotherapy-in two consecutive 6-month periods. The participants were followed for 12 months. At the end of each treatment period, improvement in disease activity, bone destruction, and fracture risk were evaluated. RESULTS: Combined treatment with ZOL and MTX had significantly better clinical efficacy compared with either ZOL or MTX monotherapy (P < 0.05). The combination significantly improved the lumbar spine and hip BMD and reduced FRAX scores, suggesting that ZOL combined with MTX reduces bone loss and risk of hip fracture in RA patients with secondary osteoporosis. CONCLUSION: ZOL has a synergistic effect when combined with MTX, inhibiting RA disease activity, reducing fracture risk, and improving quality of life in RA patients with secondary osteoporosis. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800019290. Registered 3 November 2018-Retrospective registered, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj = 31758.

13.
Xenobiotica ; : 1-9, 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31791186

RESUMO

The study aimed to compare the pharmacokinetic properties of quercitrin, astragalin, afzelin and taxifolin, four major bioactive components of Polygonum orientale inflorescence extracts, between sham-operated and myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) rats.Rats were divided into two groups: MIRI model and sham-operated. The blood samples were collected according to the time schedule. The levels of quercitrin, astragalin, afzelin and taxifolin in the plasma at designated time points were determined using an HPLC-MS/MS method. Various pharmacokinetic parameters were estimated from the plasma concentration versus time data using non-compartmental methods. After the administration of the Chinese herb Polygonum orientale inflorescence extracts, the Cmax, AUC, as well as MRT, increased, while CL decreased, in MIRI model compared to the sham-operated animals.These results suggest that the pathological damage of ischemia-reperfusion had a significant impact on the pharmacological effects of Polygonum orientale inflorescence extracts on ischemic heart disease.The method had been successfully applied to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of quercitrin, astragalin, afzelin and taxifolin in rat plasma after the oral administration of Chinese herb Polygonum orientale inflorescence extracts in rats.

14.
15.
Diving Hyperb Med ; 49(4): 276-282, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828746

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: When humans breathe compressed air or N2-O2 mixtures at three to four atmospheres pressure, they will experience nitrogen narcosis that may possibly lead to a diving accident, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. METHODS: Mice were exposed to 1.6 MPa breathing a N2-O2 mixture adjusted to deliver an inspired PO2 of 32-42 kPa. The electroencephalogram (EEG) and forced swimming test were used to evaluate the narcotic effect of nitrogen. Neuronal activity was observed via c-Fos expression in cortex and hippocampus tissue after decompressing to the surface. To further investigate underlying molecular mechanisms, we incubated cultured hippocampal neurons with various NMDA concentrations, and measured expression of NMDA receptors and its down-stream signal with or without 1.6 MPa N2-O2 exposure. RESULTS: Both the frequency of the EEG and the drowning time using the forced swimming test were significantly decreased during exposure to 1.6 MPa N2-O2 (P < 0.001). Additionally, in cultured hippocampal neurons, the increased levels of phosphorylated NR2B and cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) induced by NMDA stimulation were significantly inhibited by exposure to 1.6 MPa N2-O2. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated that NR2B-containing NMDA receptors were inhibited during nitrogen narcosis.


Assuntos
Pressão Atmosférica , Mergulho , Narcose por Gás Inerte , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato , Animais , Córtex Cerebelar/metabolismo , Eletroencefalografia , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Humanos , Narcose por Gás Inerte/patologia , Camundongos , Neurônios/fisiologia , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores de N-Metil-D-Aspartato/metabolismo
16.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(46): 6728-6742, 2019 Dec 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31857775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is abnormally expressed in various malignant tumors. In recent years, it has been found that IncRNA HULC is increasingly expressed in pancreatic cancer tissues and is involved in the development and progression of pancreatic cancer. However, the clinical value of serum HULC in pancreatic cancer remains unclear, and there are few studies on how HULC regulates the biological function of pancreatic cancer cells. AIM: To determine the value of lncRNA HULC in the diagnosis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer, and its possible biological potential. METHODS: Sixty patients with pancreatic cancer and sixty patients with benign pancreatic diseases admitted to Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were assigned to the pancreatic cancer group and the benign disease group, respectively, and another 60 healthy subjects were enrolled as the normal group during the same period. HULC-siRNA and NC-siRNA were transfected into pancreatic cancer cells. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed to determine the expression of HULC in tissues, serum, and cells. Western Blot was carried out to determine the expression of ß-catenin, c-myc, and cyclin D1 in cells, and the cell counting kit-8, flow cytometry, and Transwell assay were conducted to determine the proliferation, apoptosis and invasion of cells. RESULTS: Highly expressed in the tissues and serum of pancreatic cancer patients, HULC showed good clinical value in distinguishing between patients with pancreatic cancer, patients with benign pancreatic diseases and healthy subjects. HULC was related to pathological parameters including tumor size, T staging, M staging and vascular invasion, and the area-under-the-curve for evaluating these four parameters was 0.844, 0.834, 0.928 and 0.818, respectively. Patients with low expression of HULC had a significantly higher 3-year overall survival (OS) and 5-year OS than those with high expression. T staging, M staging, vascular invasion, and HULC were independent prognostic factors affecting the 3-year OS of patients with pancreatic cancer. Inhibition of HULC expression prevented the proliferation and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells, promoted apoptosis, and inhibited the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway-related proteins, ß-catenin, c-myc, and cyclin D1. The Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway agonist (LiCl) restored proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells with inhibited expression of HULC. CONCLUSION: HULC is an effective marker for the diagnosis and prognosis of pancreatic cancer, which may affect the biological function of pancreatic cancer cells through the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.

17.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(23): 2820-2826, 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31856053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During cup implantation, vertical height of the cup center (V-HCC) should be precisely controlled to achieve sufficient bone-cup coverage (BCC). Our study aimed to investigate the acetabular bone stock and the quantitative relationship between V-HCC and BCC in Crowe types I to III hips. METHODS: From November 2013 to March 2016, pelvic models of 51 patients (61 hips) with hip dysplasia were retrospectively reconstructed using a computer software. Acetabular height and doom thickness were measured on the mid-acetabular coronal cross section. V-HCC was defined as the vertical distance of cup rotational center to the interteardrop line (ITL). In the cup implantation simulation, the cup was placed at the initial preset position, with a V-HCC of 15 mm, and moved proximally by 3-mm increments. At each level, the BCC was automatically calculated by computer. Analysis of variance and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to compare the differences between groups. RESULTS: There were no significant between-group differences in maximum thickness of the acetabular doom; however, peak bone stock values were obtained at heights of 41.63 ±â€Š5.14 mm (Crowe type I), 47.58 ±â€Š4.10 mm (Crowe type II), and 55.78 ±â€Š3.64 mm (Crowe type III) above the ITL. At 15 mm of V-HCC, median BCC was 78% (75-83%) (Crowe type I), 74% (66-71%) (Crowe type II), and 61% (57-68%) (Crowe type III). To achieve 80% of the BCC, the median V-HCC was 16.27 (15.00-16.93) mm, 18.19 (15.01-21.53) mm, and 24.13 (21.02-28.70) mm for Crowe types I, II, and III hips, respectively. CONCLUSION: During acetabular reconstruction, slightly superior placement with V-HCC <25 mm retained sufficient bone coverage in Crowe I to III hips.

18.
Nanomedicine (Lond) ; 14(24): 3193-3212, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31855117

RESUMO

Aim: We aimed to investigate the proteomics of primary chondrocyte exosomes and the effect of exosomes in osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. Materials & methods: We isolated exosomes from primary chondrocytes cultured in normal (D0) and inflammatory environments induced by IL-1ß and determined the proteomics of these exosomes. Next, we investigated what effect and mechanism D0 chondrocytes exosomes have in OA treatment. Results: There were more proteins that belonged to mitochondrion and were involved in immune system processes in D0 exosomes. Notably, intra-articular administration of D0 exosomes successfully prevented the development of OA. D0 chondrocyte exosomes could restore mitochondrial dysfunction and polarize macrophage response toward an M2 phenotype. Conclusion: Our findings demonstrated that primary chondrocyte exosomes are efficient in OA treatment.

19.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 988, 2019 Dec 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31847806

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vibrio spp. is the major infection-producing marine bacteria in commercially important bivalve Paphia undulata. The host resistance is the major determining factor for the development of pathogenesis. To explore defense mechanisms, researchers have focused primarily on the study of differential expression of individual or specific groups of host immune genes during pathogen-challenge. RESULTS: We compared the expression profile in the surf clams infected with avirulent V. alginolyticus and virulent V. parahaemolyticus to mark the possible molecular mechanisms of pathogenesis. Comparison of the differentially expressed genes between the two groups of Vibrio-infected clams revealed that the number of down-regulate genes in V. parahaemolyticus injected clams (1433) were significantly higher than the other group (169). Based on Gene Ontology classification, a large proportion of these down-regulate genes were found to be associated with cellular and molecular mechanisms for pathogen recognition, and immunity development thereby explaining the low survival rate for the V. parahaemolyticus-treated clams and suggesting a higher virulence of this bacterium towards the surf clams. Quantitative real-time PCR of 24 candidate genes related to immunity involving the JAK-STAT signaling pathway, complementary cascade, cytokine signaling pathway, oxidative stress, phagocytosis and apoptosis down regulated under V. parahaemolyticus infection, indicating compromised host defense. Furthermore, we could demonstrate a central role of JAK-STAT pathway in bacterial clearance. dsRNA mediated depletion of a clam STAT homolog gene results in dramatic increase in the infection by V. alginolyticus, a mildly pathogenic strain under control conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The difference in gene expression profiles in surf clams treated with two Vibrio species with a differential pathogenicity to P. undulate and downstream molecular analysis could enlighten on the probable molecular mechanisms of the Vibrio pathogenesis and the virulence of V. parahaemolyticus in surf clams, which also benefits to develop new strategies for disease control in surf calm aquaculture.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31772602

RESUMO

Bletilla striata has been widely used as a valuable hemostatic agent for thousands of years due to the high levels of bioactive constituents it contains. Here, we used a sensitive ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (UPLC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous determination of three major active ingredients of the B. striata extract, namely, α-isobutylmalic acid, gymnoside I, and militarine in rat plasma. The three major active ingredients were determined using the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) mode at m/z 189 ⟶ 129 for α-isobutylmalic acid, m/z 457.2 ⟶ 285.1 for gymnoside I, m/z 725.3 ⟶ 457.2 for militarine, and m/z 417.0 ⟶ 267.0 for the IS puerarin. All calibration curves showed good linearity (R 2 ≥ 0.999) over the concentration range with the lower limit of quantification between 0.015 and 0.029 µg/mL. The relative standard deviations of intraday and interday measurements were less than 15%, and the method was accurate within 93.3-100.4%. The extraction recovery was 92.65-100.98%, and no matrix effect was observed. The results indicated that after oral administration of B. striata in rats, the T max of α-isobutylmalic acid was significantly longer than that of gymnoside I and militarine and the mean residence time and area under the curve of α-isobutylmalic acid and gymnoside I in rats were significantly higher than those of militarine. Moreover, the blood concentration-time curve of α-isobutylmalic acid showed double peaks, suggesting that α-isobutylmalic acid could exhibit the phenomenon of enterohepatic circulation or metabolic conversion. We also explored some of the pharmacokinetic characteristics of three ingredients from B. striata extract in vivo, and the data obtained may provide a basis for the further investigation of B. striata.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA