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1.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 10(2): 230-237, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528974

RESUMO

Background and Aims: We compared lung function parameters in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), and examined the association between lung function parameters and fibrosis severity in MAFLD. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we randomly recruited 2,543 middle-aged individuals from 25 communities across four cities in China during 2016 and 2020. All participants received a health check-up including measurement of anthropometric parameters, biochemical variables, liver ultrasonography, and spirometry. The severity of liver disease was assessed by the fibrosis (FIB)-4 score. Results: The prevalence of MAFLD was 20.4% (n=519) and that of NAFLD was 18.4% (n=469). After adjusting for age, sex, adiposity measures, smoking status, and significant alcohol intake, subjects with MAFLD had a significantly lower predicted forced vital capacity (FVC, 88.27±17.60% vs. 90.82±16.85%, p<0.05) and lower 1 s forced expiratory volume (FEV1, 79.89±17.34 vs. 83.02±16.66%, p<0.05) than those with NAFLD. MAFLD with an increased FIB-4 score was significantly associated with decreased lung function. For each 1-point increase in FIB-4, FVC was diminished by 0.507 (95% CI: -0.840, -0.173, p=0.003), and FEV1 was diminished by 0.439 (95% CI: -0.739, -0.140, p=0.004). The results remained unchanged when the statistical analyses was performed separately for men and women. Conclusions: MAFLD was significantly associated with a greater impairment of lung function parameters than NAFLD.

2.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 10(2): 219-229, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35528982

RESUMO

Background and Aims: Previous studies have reported that the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of SAMM50-rs738491, PARVB-rs5764455 and PNPLA3-rs738409 are associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). However, no studies have examined the effect of interactions between these three genotypes to affect liver disease severity. We assessed the effect of these three SNPs on nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and also examined the gene-gene interactions in a Chinese population with biopsy-confirmed NAFLD. Methods: We enrolled 415 consecutive adult individuals with biopsy-proven NAFLD. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was undertaken to test associations between NASH and SNPs in SAMM50-rs738491, PARVB-rs5764455 and PNPLA3-rs738409. Gene-gene interactions were analyzed by performing a generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) analysis. Results: The mean ± standard deviation age of these 415 patients was 41.3±12.5 years, and 75.9% were men. Patients with SAMM50-rs738491 TT, PARVB-rs5764455 AA or PNPLA3-rs738409 GG genotypes had a higher risk of NASH, even after adjustment for age, sex and body mass index. GMDR analysis showed that the combination of all three SNPs was the best model for predicting NASH. Additionally, the odds ratio of the haplotype T-A-G for predicting the risk of NASH was nearly three times higher than that of the haplotype G-C-C. Conclusions: NAFLD patients carrying the SAMM50-rs738491 TT, PARVB-rs5764455 AA or PNPLA3-rs738409 GG genotypes are at greater risk of NASH. These three SNPs may synergistically interact to increase susceptibility to NASH.

3.
Hepatobiliary Surg Nutr ; 11(2): 212-226, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35464279

RESUMO

Background: Currently, there are no effective methods for assessing hepatic inflammation without resorting to histological examination of liver tissue obtained by biopsy. T2-weighted images (T2WI) are routinely obtained from liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan sequences. We aimed to establish a radiomics signature based on T2WI (T2-RS) for assessment of hepatic inflammation in people with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: A total of 203 individuals with biopsy-confirmed NAFLD from two independent Chinese cohorts with liver MRI examination were enrolled in this study. The hepatic inflammatory activity score (IAS) was calculated by the unweighted sum of the histologic scores for lobular inflammation and ballooning. One thousand and thirty-two radiomics features were extracted from the localized region of interest (ROI) in the right liver lobe of T2WI and, subsequently, selected by minimum redundancy maximum relevance and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) methods. The T2-RS was calculated by adding the selected features weighted by their coefficients. Results: Eighteen radiomics features from Laplacian of Gaussian, wavelet, and original images were selected for establishing T2-RS. The T2-RS value differed significantly between groups with increasing grades of hepatic inflammation (P<0.01). The T2-RS yielded an area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUROC) of 0.80 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.71-0.89] for predicting hepatic inflammation in the training cohort with excellent calibration. The AUROCs of T2-RS in the internal cohort and external validation cohorts were 0.77 (0.61-0.93) and 0.75 (0.63-0.84), respectively. Conclusions: The T2-RS derived from radiomics analysis of T2WI shows promising utility for predicting hepatic inflammation in individuals with NAFLD.

4.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 9: 864570, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35433752

RESUMO

Background and objective: This pilot study aimed to identify potential blood DNA methylation (BDM) biomarker genes for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods: We included a total of 16 NAFLD patients with significant (SLF, liver fibrosis stage ≥ 2) and 16 patients with non-significant liver fibrosis (NSLF, fibrosis stages 0-1). The association between BDM and liver fibrosis was analyzed. Genes were selected based on a stepwise-filtering with CpG islands containing significant differentially methylated probes. Results: The two groups of patients were distinguishable through both t-distributed stochastic neighbor embedding (t-SNE) analysis and unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis based on their BDM status. BDM levels were significantly higher in the NSLF group than in the SLF group. The methylation levels in the island and shelf regions were also significantly higher in the NSLF group, as well as the methylation levels in the first exon, 3'-untranslated region, body, ExonBnd, non-intergenic region, transcription start site (TSS)1500, and TSS200 regions (all p < 0.05). BDM status was associated with greater histological liver fibrosis, but not with age, sex, or other histological features of NAFLD (p < 0.05). The methylation levels of the hypomethylated CpG island region of CISTR, IFT140, and RGS14 genes were increased in the NSLF group compared to the SLF group (all p < 0.05). Conclusion: BDM may stratify NAFLD patients with significant and non-significant liver fibrosis. The CISTR, IFT140, and RGS14 genes are potential novel candidate BDM biomarkers for liver fibrosis and these pilot data suggest further work on BDM biomarkers is warranted.

5.
Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis ; 32(5): 1259-1265, 2022 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35260312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Zinc is an essential trace element that plays an important role in maintaining health, and affecting gene expression, signal transduction and regulation of apoptosis. It is uncertain whether serum zinc levels are altered in patients with metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). We aimed to investigate the association between serum zinc levels and the severity of hepatic necro-inflammation (HN) in patients with MAFLD. METHODS AND RESULTS: Liver disease severity was graded histologically using the NAFLD activity score. HN was defined as the sum of ballooning and lobular inflammation. We used a smooth function regression model to analyze the relationship between serum zinc levels and HN. A total of 561 (76.5% men) patients with biopsy-confirmed MAFLD were enrolled. They had a mean age of 41.3 years, and a mean serum zinc level of 17.0 ± 4.1 µmol/L. Compared to those with mild hepatic necro-inflammation (MHN, grades 0-2; n = 286), patients with severe hepatic necro-inflammation (SHN, grades 3-5; n = 275) had lower serum zinc concentrations (16.3 ± 4.2 vs. 17.6 ± 4.0 µmol/L; p < 0.001). However, a threshold saturation effect analysis showed that there was an inflection in serum zinc levels at 24 µmol/L. After adjustment for potential confounders, serum zinc levels <24 µmol/L were inversely associated with SHN (adjusted-odds ratio 0.88, 95%CI 0.83-0.93; p < 0.001), whereas serum zinc levels >24 µmol/L were positively associated with SHN (adjusted-odds ratio 1.42, 95%CI: 1.03-1.97; p = 0.035). CONCLUSIONS: There is a J-shaped relationship between serum zinc levels and the severity of hepatic necro-inflammation in patients with biopsy-proven MAFLD.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Zinco
7.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 2022 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286799

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become the most common chronic liver disease with a global prevalence of about 55% in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). T2DM, obesity and NAFLD are three closely inter-related pathological conditions. In addition, T2DM is one of the strongest clinical risk factors for the faster progression of NAFLD to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Increasing evidence suggests that newer classes of glucose-lowering drugs, such as peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors or sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors, could reduce the rates of NAFLD progression. This narrative review aims to briefly summarize the recent results from randomized controlled trials testing the efficacy and safety of old and new glucose-lowering drugs for the treatment of NAFLD or NASH in adults both with and without coexisting T2DM.

8.
Liver Int ; 42(4): 742-748, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35182007

RESUMO

Polarizing opinions have recently arisen in hepatology on the name and redefinition of fatty liver disease associated with metabolic dysfunction. In spite of growing and robust evidence of the superior utility of the term metabolic (dysfunction) associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) definition for clinical and academic practice, controversy abounds. It should therefore come, as no surprise that the most common arguments used in contrarian op-eds is that there are no consensus on any name change. In this context, we suggest that discourse on an accurate understanding of what scientific consensus means, the various methods of achieving consensus, as well as other alternative models for reaching agreement is pivotal for the field. In this opinion piece, we provide an overview of these aspects as it applies to the case of fatty liver disease. We provide evidence that consensus on a change from non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to MAFLD has already been achieved. We believe that the time has come for redirecting stakeholder focus and energy on capitalizing on the momentum generated by the debate to improve the lives of people at its centre, our patients.


Assuntos
Gastroenterologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Consenso , Humanos
9.
Eur J Intern Med ; 98: 53-60, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35058147

RESUMO

Separation of bridging fibrosis from cirrhosis in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is critical to guide management. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to develop an easy-to-perform score distinguishing F3 and F4 fibrosis in NAFLD. A derivation cohort comprising 251 NAFLD patients with F3 or F4 was used to develop the NAFLD Cirrhosis Score (NCS). The NCS was validated in three independent cohorts with liver histology comprising 1666 participants from the STELLAR trials, 47 patients from China and 2058 patients from the European NAFLD Registry. A model including INR, gGT, ALT, platelets and age discriminated best between patients with bridging fibrosis and cirrhosis with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.733 (95%CI 0.671-0.795). The diagnostic performance of the NCS was similar in the STELLAR studies (AUC 0.700; 95%CI 0.680-0.730) and a smaller cohort from China (AUC 0.727; 95%CI 0.533-0.921). In the European NAFLD Registry, spanning all histological fibrosis stages, the NCS exhibited an AUC of 0.798 (95%CI 0.766-0.830) to detect cirrhosis. We derived two NCS cut-off values (<64.5 and >79.17) to classify patients at low, intermediate, or high risk for the presence of cirrhosis. Using these cut-offs, further diagnostic workup could be avoided by ruling in or ruling out cirrhosis in approximately half of the patients. Furthermore, NCS identified patients at risk for progression to cirrhosis in the F3 cohort and liver-related outcomes in the F4 cohort. CONCLUSION: The NCS is a simple tool to improve the identification of compensated cirrhosis within the large group of advanced disease stage and provides prognostic information. Overall, the differentiation of F3 from F4 disease using standard laboratory remains difficult and does not exceed moderate accuracy.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Área Sob a Curva , Biópsia , Fibrose , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico
10.
Nat Rev Nephrol ; 18(4): 259-268, 2022 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35013596

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is characterized by the accumulation of fat in more than 5% of hepatocytes in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption and other secondary causes of hepatic steatosis. In 2020, the more inclusive term metabolic (dysfunction)-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) - defined by broader diagnostic criteria - was proposed to replace the term NAFLD. The new terminology and revised definition better emphasize the pathogenic role of metabolic dysfunction and uses a set of definitive, inclusive criteria for diagnosis. Diagnosis of MAFLD is based on evidence of hepatic steatosis (as assessed by liver biopsy, imaging techniques or blood biomarkers and scores) in persons who are overweight or obese and have type 2 diabetes mellitus or metabolic dysregulation, regardless of the coexistence of other liver diseases or excessive alcohol consumption. The known association between NAFLD and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and our understanding that CKD can occur as a consequence of metabolic dysfunction suggests that individuals with MAFLD - who by definition have fatty liver and metabolic comorbidities - are at increased risk of CKD. In this Perspective article, we discuss the clinical associations between MAFLD and CKD, the pathophysiological mechanisms by which MAFLD may increase the risk of CKD and the potential drug treatments that may benefit both conditions.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Obesidade/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações
11.
Liver Int ; 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007392

RESUMO

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), recently re-defined and re-classified as metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), has become increasingly prevalent and emerged as a public health problem worldwide. To date, the precise pathogenic mechanisms underpinning MAFLD are not entirely understood, and there is no effective pharmacological therapy for NAFLD/MAFLD. As a newly discovered form of iron-dependent programmed cell death, ferroptosis can be involved in the development and progression of various chronic diseases, but the pathogenic connections and mechanisms that link MAFLD and ferroptosis have not been fully elucidated. The main characteristics of ferroptosis are the accumulation of lipid peroxides and reactive oxygen species. In this brief narrative review, the mechanisms of ferroptosis and its putative pathogenic role in MAFLD are discussed to highlight potential new research directions and ideas for the prevention and treatment of MAFLD.

13.
Liver Int ; 42(1): 80-91, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34564946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: There remains a need to develop a non-invasive, accurate and easy-to-use tool to identify patients with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Successful clinical and preclinical applications demonstrate the ability of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) techniques to improve medical diagnostics. We aimed to develop and validate a diagnostic tool, based on QUS analysis, for identifying NASH. METHODS: A total of 259 Chinese individuals with biopsy-proven non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) were enrolled in the study. The histological spectrum of NAFLD was classified according to the NASH clinical research network scoring system. Radiofrequency (RF) data, raw data of iLivTouch, was acquired for further QUS analysis. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) method was used to select the most useful predictive features. RESULTS: Eighteen candidate RF parameters were reduced to two significant parameters by shrinking the regression coefficients with the LASSO method. We built a novel QUS score based on these two parameters, and this QUS score showed good discriminatory capacity and calibration for identifying NASH both in the training set (area under the ROC curve [AUROC]: 0.798, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.731-0.865; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, P = .755) and in the validation set (AUROC: 0.816, 95% CI 0.725-0.906; Hosmer-Lemeshow test, P = .397). Subgroup analysis showed that the QUS score performed well in different subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The QUS score, which was developed from QUS, provides a novel, non-invasive and practical way for identifying NASH.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Área Sob a Curva , Biópsia/métodos , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Ultrassonografia
14.
Clin Mol Hepatol ; 28(2): 183-195, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839623

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is closely associated with metabolic dysfunction. Among the multiple factors, genetic variation acts as important modifiers. Klotho, an enzyme encoded by the klotho (KL) gene in human, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of metabolic dysfunctions. However, the impact of variants in KL on NAFLD risk remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of KL rs495392 C>A polymorphism on the histological severity of NAFLD. METHODS: We evaluated the impact of the KL rs495392 polymorphism on liver histology in 531 Chinese with NAFLD and replicated that in the population-based Rotterdam Study cohort. The interactions between the rs495392, vitamin D, and patatin-like phospholipase domain containing 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 polymorphism were also analyzed. RESULTS: Carriage of the rs495392 A allele had a protective effect on steatosis severity (odds ratio [OR], 0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42-0.89; P=0.010) in Chinese patients. After adjustment for potential confounders, the A allele remained significant with a protective effect (OR, 0.66; 95% CI, 0.45-0.98; P=0.040). The effect on hepatic steatosis was confirmed in the Rotterdam Study cohort. Additional analysis showed the association between serum vitamin D levels and NAFLD specifically in rs495392 A allele carriers, but not in non-carriers. Moreover, we found that the rs495392 A allele attenuated the detrimental impact of PNPLA3 rs738409 G allele on the risk of severe hepatic steatosis. CONCLUSION: The KL rs495392 polymorphism has a protective effect against hepatic steatosis in patients with NAFLD.


Assuntos
/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lipase/genética , Fígado/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Vitamina D/metabolismo
15.
J Viral Hepat ; 29(3): 196-204, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34902216

RESUMO

Liver steatosis is becoming increasingly common in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), and its effect on liver stiffness measurement (LSM), as assessed by transient elastography, remains controversial. Seven hundred and fifty-five patients with CHB and normal serum alanine aminotransferase levels, who underwent vibration-controlled transient elastography and liver biopsy, were included in the study. We examined whether the histological degree of liver steatosis affects the accuracy of transient elastography-assessed LSM in these patients. Among the 755 CHB patients included in the study, 286 (37.9%) had liver steatosis, of whom 156 had grade S1, 74 had grade S2, and 56 had grade S3 on histology. Presence of liver steatosis was independently associated with greater body mass index (BMI, adjusted-odds ratio [OR] = 5.786, 95% CI: 3.998-8.373, p = 0.018), and higher serum total cholesterol (adjusted-OR = 7.944, 95% CI: 4.731-13.339, p < 0.001) and triglyceride levels (adjusted-OR = 2.777, 95% CI: 2.050-3.761, p < 0.001). There was no significant association between liver steatosis and fibrosis stage (OR = 1.016, 95% CI: 0.905-1.140, p = 0.790). Age (B-coefficient = 0.020, 95% CI: 0.001-0.040, p = 0.044), BMI (B-coefficient = 0.060, 95% CI: 0.011-0.127, p = 0.019), serum gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase (GGT, B-coefficient = 0.015, 95% CI: 0.001-0.029, p = 0.032), positivity for HBeAg (B-coefficient = -0.816, 95% CI: -1.568 to -0.064, p = 0.034), as well as liver fibrosis stage (B-coefficient = 2.796, 95% CI: 2.501-3.090, p < 0.001), and inflammation activity grade (B-coefficient = 0.648, 95% CI: 0.162-1.135, p = 0.009) were all independently associated with higher LSM, while no significant association was found between degree of liver steatosis and LSM. Among patients with the same histological fibrosis stage, LSM values did not show any significant difference among patients with absent, mild, moderate or severe steatosis. We conclude that liver steatosis has no significant effect on transient elastography-measured LSM in CHB patients with normal serum alanine aminotransferase levels.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Fígado Gorduroso , Hepatite B Crônica , Alanina Transaminase , Estudos de Coortes , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/complicações
16.
Metabolism ; 126: 154911, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648769

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) population is non-obese. Prior studies reporting the severity of NAFLD amongst non-obese patients were heterogenous. Our study, using data from the largest biopsy-proven NAFLD international registry within Asia, aims to characterize the demographic, metabolic and histological differences between non-obese and obese NAFLD patients. METHODS: 1812 biopsy-proven NAFLD patients across nine countries in Asia assessed between 2006 and 2019 were pooled into a curated clinical registry. Demographic, metabolic and histological differences between non-obese and obese NAFLD patients were evaluated. The performance of Fibrosis-4 index for liver fibrosis (FIB-4) and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS) to identify advanced liver disease across the varying obesity subgroups was compared. A random forest analysis was performed to identify novel predictors of fibrosis and steatohepatitis in non-obese patients. FINDINGS: One-fifth (21.6%) of NAFLD patients were non-obese. Non-obese NAFLD patients had lower proportions of NASH (50.5% vs 56.5%, p = 0.033) and advanced fibrosis (14.0% vs 18.7%, p = 0.033). Metabolic syndrome in non-obese individuals was associated with NASH (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.01-2.54, p = 0.047) and advanced fibrosis (OR 1.88, 95% CI 0.99-3.54, p = 0.051). FIB-4 performed better than the NFS score (AUROC 81.5% vs 73.7%, p < 0.001) when classifying patients with F2-4 fibrosis amongst non-obese NAFLD patients. Haemoglobin, GGT, waist circumference and cholesterol are additional variables found on random forest analysis useful for identifying non-obese NAFLD patients with advanced liver disease. CONCLUSION: A substantial proportion of non-obese NAFLD patients has NASH or advanced fibrosis. FIB-4, compared to NFS better identifies non-obese NAFLD patients with advanced liver disease. Serum GGT, cholesterol, haemoglobin and waist circumference, which are neither components of NFS nor FIB-4, are important biomarkers for advanced liver disease in non-obese patients.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Síndrome Metabólica/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade/patologia , Adulto , Ásia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Metabolism ; 128: 154958, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34958817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) incidence and prevalence increasing, it is necessary to identify patients with advanced fibrosis (F3-F4 stages). We evaluated the performance of new biomarkers and algorithms for diagnosing advanced fibrosis in an Asian population. METHODS: Data from two Asian cohorts (including 851 biopsy-proven MAFLD [578 from Wenzhou, 273 from Hong Kong]) were studied. The association between N-terminal propeptide of type 3 collagen (PRO-C3) and the histologic stage of liver fibrosis was analyzed by multivariable linear regression. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC) was used to test the diagnostic performance of serum PRO-C3 and the ADAPT score for advanced fibrosis and compared them to other established non-invasive tests. RESULTS: Serum PRO-C3 levels increased progressively across liver fibrosis stages and correlated with advanced fibrosis (P < 0.001). The ADAPT score had an AUROC of 0.865 (95% confidence interval 0.829-0.901) for advanced fibrosis; the accuracy, sensitivity and negative predictive values were 81.4%, 82.2% and 96.1%, respectively. This result was better compared to that of PRO-C3 alone or other non-invasive fibrosis biomarkers (aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index, Fibrosis-4, BARD, and NAFLD fibrosis score). In subgroup analyses (including sex, age, diabetes, NAFLD activity score, body mass index or serum alanine aminotransferase levels), the ADAPT score had good diagnostic performance. CONCLUSION: PRO-C3 and the ADAPT score reliably exclude advanced fibrosis in MAFLD patients and reduce the need for liver biopsy.

18.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(24): 2911-2921, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34855640

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The emergence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as the leading chronic liver disease worldwide raises some concerns. In particular, NAFLD is closely tied to sedentary lifestyle habits and associated with other metabolic diseases, such as obesity and diabetes. At the end of the disease spectrum, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) may progress to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), representing a serious health problem to modern society. Recently, an increasing number of HCC cases originating from this progressive disease spectrum have been identified, with different levels of severity and complications. Updating the current guidelines by placing a bigger focus on this emerging cause and highlighting some of its unique features is necessary. Since, the drivers of the disease are complex and multifactorial, in order to improve future outcomes, having a better understanding of NASH progression into HCC may be helpful. The risks that can promote disease progression and currently available management strategies employed to monitor and treat NASH-related HCC make up the bulk of this review.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Obesidade
19.
J Clin Transl Hepatol ; 9(6): 793-794, 2021 Dec 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34966641
20.
Int J Med Sci ; 18(16): 3624-3630, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790034

RESUMO

Rationale: Since non-invasive tests for prediction of liver fibrosis have a poor diagnostic performance for detecting low levels of fibrosis, it is important to explore the diagnostic capabilities of other non-invasive tests to diagnose low levels of fibrosis. We aimed to evaluate the performance of radiomics based on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET) in predicting any liver fibrosis in individuals with biopsy-proven metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). Methods: A total of 22 adults with biopsy-confirmed MAFLD, who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT, were enrolled in this study. Sixty radiomics features were extracted from whole liver region of interest in 18F-FDG PET images. Subsequently, the minimum redundancy maximum relevance (mRMR) method was performed and a subset of two features mostly related to the output classes and low redundancy between them were selected according to an event per variable of 5. Logistic regression, Support Vector Machine, Naive Bayes, 5-Nearest Neighbor and linear discriminant analysis models were built based on selected features. The predictive performances were assessed by the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. Results: The mean (SD) age of the subjects was 38.5 (10.4) years and 17 subjects were men. 12 subjects had histological evidence of any liver fibrosis. The coarseness of neighborhood grey-level difference matrix (NGLDM) and long-run emphasis (LRE) of grey-level run length matrix (GLRLM) were selected to predict fibrosis. The logistic regression model performed best with an AUROC of 0.817 [95% confidence intervals, 0.595-0.947] for prediction of liver fibrosis. Conclusion: These preliminary data suggest that 18F-FDG PET radiomics may have clinical utility in assessing early liver fibrosis in MAFLD.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons combinada à Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Adulto , Biópsia , China , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Projetos Piloto , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Radiometria/métodos
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