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1.
Math Biosci Eng ; 21(5): 6019-6041, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38872568

RESUMO

This article considered the sampled-data control issue for a dynamic positioning ship (DPS) with the Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy model. By introducing new useful terms such as second-order term of time, an improved Lyapunov-Krasovskii function (LKF) was constructed. Additionally, the reciprocally convex method is introduced to bound the derivative of LKF. According to the constructed LKF, the sampling information during the whole sampling period was fully utilized, and less conservatism was obtained. Then, the stability condition, robust performance, mode uncertainty and sampled-data controller design were analyzed by means of the linear matrix inequality (LMI). Finally, an example was given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

2.
Math Biosci Eng ; 20(8): 14026-14045, 2023 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37679123

RESUMO

This paper studies the sampled-data control issue for a luxury cruise (LC) with dynamic positioning system (DPS). The design method and mathematical model of LC is given. By constructing an improved time-dependent Lyapunov-Krasovskii function (LKF) by adding new useful terms, the sampling pattern is fully captured and less conservatism of the results are obtained. Based on the constructed the LKF, the new stability criterion is obtained and the sampled-data controller for LC with DPS is designed. Finally, an example is exhibited to prove that the proposed approach is valid and applicable.

3.
Front Nutr ; 10: 1087605, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36814505

RESUMO

In this study, Perilla frutescens essential oil (PEO) loaded microcapsules (PEOM) were successfully prepared and their thermal stability, temperature-responsive releasing effect, antioxidant activity, antibacterial activity, and preservation of peach were systematically investigated. PEOM showed excellent encapsulation efficiency (91.5%) with a core-shell ratio of 1.4:1 and exhibited high thermal stability, indicating that PEOM could effectively maintain PEO release rate. In vitro assays indicated that the optimal kinetic model for PEO release fitted well with first order with a diffusion mechanism. A high level of antioxidant and antibacterial activity of PEOM was maintained. In addition, owing to its sustained release, PEOM could prolong the shelf life of peaches significantly. Therefore, PEOM has potential application and development prospects in the field of food preservation.

4.
ACS Omega ; 7(46): 42181-42190, 2022 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36440131

RESUMO

Citral essential oil (CEO) was encapsulated by the single coalescence method, and its stability, release properties, and ability to maintain freshness were evaluated for the first time. The microshape characteristics of a CEO-loaded microcapsule (CM) were analyzed by inverted microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The encapsulation efficiency, stability, and release behavior of CEO were evaluated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric/differential thermal comprehensive analysis (TG/DSC), and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Moreover, peaches were used to evaluate the preservation properties of the CEO-loaded microcapsule. The results showed that the microcapsule produced using simple coacervation had better microstructure and the ability to reduce and control the release of citral essential oil. The qualities of peaches, such as appearance changes, hardness, soluble solid content, total acids, and total bacterial counts, were significantly improved in the CM system during storage, in comparison with the control and cold storage groups. Therefore, the CM has potential applications and development prospects in the food, drug, and other industries.

5.
Biol Psychol ; 175: 108430, 2022 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181967

RESUMO

Face context effect refers to the influence of the emotional context on facial expression perception. Numerous empirical studies have explored the mechanisms of the face context effect, but no consistent conclusions have been drawn. Hence, we investigated the cognitive mechanisms of the face context effect using recordings of event-related potentials. In Experiment 1, we adopted the context-target paradigm to explore the mechanisms of the effect of context with different emotional valences on the neutral face perception (emotional valence-based face context effect). In Experiment 2, we explored the mechanisms of the effect of context with different emotional types on the neutral face perception (specific emotion-based face context effect). The results of Experiment 1 indicated that the participants were biased toward contextual valence when recognizing the emotional valence of neutral faces, and that the neutral target faces under emotional contexts with different valences induced significant differences in the P1, N170, and LPP amplitudes. In Experiment 2, the results of Experiment 2 indicated that the participants were biased toward specific contextual emotions when recognizing the emotion type of neutral faces, and that the neutral target faces under contexts of different emotional types induced significant differences in the LPP amplitude, but not in the P1 or N170 amplitude. We concluded that the emotional valence-based face context effect occurred in the early processing stage, whereas the specific emotion-based face context effect occurred in the late processing stage.


Assuntos
Reconhecimento Facial , Humanos , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados , Emoções , Expressão Facial , Cognição
6.
Sci Adv ; 7(10)2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33658204

RESUMO

The electric organs of electric eels are able to convert ionic gradients into high-efficiency electricity because their electrocytes contain numerous "subnanoscale" protein ion channels that can achieve highly selective and ultrafast ion transport. Despite increasing awareness of blue energy production through nanochannel membranes, achieving high-performance energy output remains considerably unexplored. Here, we report on a heterogeneous subnanochannel membrane, consisting of a continuous UiO-66-NH2 metal-organic framework (MOF) and a highly ordered alumina nanochannel membrane. In the positively charged membrane, the angstrom-scale windows function as ionic filters for screening anions with different hydrated sizes. Driven by osmosis, the subnanochannel membrane can produce an exceptionally high Br-/NO3 - selectivity of ~1240, hence yielding an unprecedented power of up to 26.8 W/m2 under a 100-fold KBr gradient. Achieving ultrahigh selective and ultrafast osmotic transport in ion channel-mimetic MOF-based membranes opens previously unexplored avenues toward advanced separation technologies and energy-harvesting devices.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 771: 145369, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545484

RESUMO

Various proxy records have been used for the understanding of environmental and climate variations during the Holocene. Here, for the first time, we use meteoric 10Be isotope measurements performed on sediments from a drill core collected at the Kunlun Pass (KP) on the northeastern Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (NETP) to investigate hydroclimate changes during the Holocene. The 10Be flux suggests relative low levels in the Early Holocene, followed by a sharp increase to high values at around 4 ka BP (4 ka BP = 4000 years before present). Afterwards, the 10Be flux remains on a high level during the Late Holocene, but decreases slightly towards today. These 10Be deposition patterns are compared to moisture changes in regions dominated by the Indian Summer Monsoon (ISM), East Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM), and the Westerlies. Different from the gradual changes in monsoon patterns, the 10Be data reveal low levels during the Early Holocene until ~4 ka BP when an obvious increase is indicated and a relative high level continues to this day, which is relatively more in agreement with patterns of the Westerlies. This finding provides a new evidence for a shift in the dominant pattern of atmospheric circulation at the KP region from a more monsoonal one to one dominated by the Westerlies. Our results improve the understanding of non-stationary interactions and spatial relevance of the EASM, the ISM and the Westerlies on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.

8.
Chemosphere ; 263: 128318, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297251

RESUMO

Assessing the transport of natural radionuclides in the atmosphere provides a powerful tool to study air mass circulation. Here, we investigated the seasonal atmospheric distribution of the naturally produced 7Be in surface air over Europe between 40° N and 68° N during the period 1975-2018. The results suggest that the inter-annual variability of 7Be reflects production rates of the radionuclide induced by solar modulation of cosmic rays. Further analysis of the meteorological influences indicates that the meteorological influences on 7Be concentrations are geographically and seasonally dependent. We found that, in general, the tropopause pressure plays an important factor influencing 7Be activity for winter and spring seasons while the sea level pressure and temperature are more dominant during summer and autumn seasons. The combination of tropospheric production rates and meteorological parameters explains 24%-79% variances of the seasonal 7Be activity. We further applied a three-box model to study the influence of stratosphere-troposphere exchanges on 7Be concentrations. The simulation supports that the seasonal cycle of 7Be in Europe is controlled by two main factors: the changing height of the troposphere (seasonality of the tropopause height) and seasonal variations of the stratosphere-troposphere exchanges.


Assuntos
Poluentes Radioativos do Ar , Atmosfera , Poluentes Radioativos do Ar/análise , Europa (Continente) , Meteorologia , Estações do Ano
9.
ACS Nano ; 13(11): 13374-13381, 2019 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639293

RESUMO

Nanofluidic osmotic power, which converts a difference in salinity between brine and fresh water into electricity with nanoscale channels, has received more and more attention in recent years. It is long believed that to gain high-performance osmotic power, highly charged channel materials should be exploited so as to enhance the ion selectivity. In this paper, we report counterintuitive surface-charge-density-dependent osmotic power in a single funnel-shaped nanochannel (FSN), violating the previous viewpoint. For the highly charged nanochannel, the performance of osmotic power decreases with a further increase in its surface charge density. With increasing pH (surface charge density), the FSN enables a local maximum power density as high as ∼3.5 kW/m2 in a 500 mM/1 mM KCl gradient. This observation is strongly supported by our rigorous model where the equilibrium chemical reaction between functional carboxylate ion groups on the channel wall and protons is taken into account. The modeling reveals that for a highly charged nanochannel, a significant increase in the surface charge density amplifies the ion concentration polarization effect, thus weakening the effective salinity ratio across the channel and undermining the osmotic power generated.

10.
Psychiatry Res ; 281: 112572, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627071

RESUMO

Functional impairments are common in schizophrenia patients, but few performance-based instruments are available to evaluate their functional capacity, especially those that are culturally adapted for use in China. This study aimed to modify the items of the original Beijing Performance-based Functional Ecological Test (BJ-PERFECT) due to limited tasks in a particular scenario and examine the psychometric properties of the newly modified BJ-PERFECT in schizophrenia patients. Participants of the study comprised 105 schizophrenia patients and 45 healthy controls (HCs). All of them were administered the modified BJ-PERFECT, the University of California, San Diego, Performance-based Skill Assessment-Brief version (UPSA-B) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). The modified BJ-PERFECT retained seven original items and added 4 new items. The validity of the modified BJ-PERFECT was supported by its significant correlation with the UPSA-B but not the GAF and by the significant difference on the instrument's scores between the schizophrenia patients and HCs. The internal consistency reliability was found to be good. Level of education was found to have a significant relationship with functional capacity. The modified BJ-PERFECT was found to be psychometrically valid to assess functional capacity in schizophrenia patients.


Assuntos
Avaliação da Deficiência , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
J Environ Radioact ; 203: 187-199, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30925264

RESUMO

The magnitude of soil and sediment erosion and accumulation processes can profoundly affect landscape development and hamper efficient management of natural resources. Consequently, estimating the rates and causes of these processes is essential, particularly in remote regions, for prediction of changes in landform and river evolution and protection of local ecosystem. We here present the results of a soil and sediment erosion investigation in the Source Area of the Yellow River (SAYR), northeast Qinghai-Tibet Plateau based on a combined analysis of 10Be cosmogenic isotope and Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) simulation modelling. The data reveal variable soil erosion trends that range between 103 and 830 t km-2 a-1. The low values occur in the western part of the basin that are associated with low sediment yield, while the high values appear in the dominant sediment export part of the basin along the main stream of the Yellow River in the east. Generally, soil and sediment accumulation is characterized by high 10Be concentration in the western part and the northwest of Ngöring Lake. The style of landform development by the erosion/accumulation processes is closely linked to the distribution and degradation extent of the permafrost in the study region. Soil surface erosion increases with more permafrost degradation from the western to the eastern part of the basin, and surface soil particles are dominantly removed from the surface rather than deeper layers.


Assuntos
Berílio/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Ecossistema , Sedimentos Geológicos , Isótopos , Lagos , Pergelissolo , Rios , Solo , Tibet
12.
J Environ Radioact ; 192: 257-266, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29986317

RESUMO

Understanding hydrological processes in the Source Area of the Yellow River (SAYR), Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, is vital for protection and management of groundwater and surface water resources in the region. In situ water measurements of exchange rates between surface water and groundwater are, however, hard to conduct because of the harsh natural conditions of the SAYR. We here present an indirect method using in situ 222Rn measurements to estimate groundwater discharge into rivers and lakes in the SAYR. 222Rn was measured in rivers, lakes, groundwater and springs during three sampling periods (2014-2016), and the results indicate large variability in the concentration of the isotope. The data also indicate decreasing 222Rn trends in groundwater in the cold season (the Feb-2015 sampling period) which may be linked to frequency of capturing 222Rn in the frozen ground caused by geocryogenic processes. In addition, permafrost spatial extent and freeze-thaw processes have strongly affected the hydrological conditions in the region.


Assuntos
Água Subterrânea/química , Monitoramento de Radiação , Radônio/análise , Rios/química , Poluentes Radioativos da Água/análise , Hidrologia , Tibet , Movimentos da Água
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