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1.
Environ Pollut ; 311: 119986, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36007795

RESUMO

RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification regulates the cell stress response and homeostasis, but whether titanium dioxide nanoparticle (nTiO2)-induced acute pulmonary injury is associated with the m6A epitranscriptome and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, the potential association between m6A modification and the bioeffects of several engineered nanoparticles (nTiO2, nAg, nZnO, nFe2O3, and nCuO) were verified thorough in vitro experiments. nFe2O3, nZnO, and nTiO2 exposure significantly increased the global m6A level in A549 cells. Our study further revealed that nTiO2 can induce m6A-mediated acute pulmonary injury. Mechanistically, nTiO2 exposure promoted methyltransferase-like 3 (METTL3)-mediated m6A signal activation and thus mediated the inflammatory response and IL-8 release through the degeneration of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) and Mucin5B (MUC5B) mRNAs in a YTH m6A RNA-binding protein 2 (YTHDF2)-dependent manner. Moreover, nTiO2 exposure stabilized METTL3 protein by the lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS)-activated ERK1/2 pathway. The scavenging of ROS with ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1) alleviates the ERK1/2 activation, m6A upregulation, and the inflammatory response caused by nTiO2 both in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, our study demonstrates that m6A is a potential intervention target for alleviating the adverse effects of nTiO2-induced acute pulmonary injury in vitro and in vivo, which has far-reaching implications for protecting human health and improving the sustainability of nanotechnology.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar , Nanopartículas , Humanos , Metiltransferases , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , RNA , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Titânio/toxicidade
2.
Small Methods ; 5(3): e2001045, 2021 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34927824

RESUMO

Nanosafety is a major concern for nanotechnology development. Evaluation of the transcriptome and the DNA methylome is proposed for nanosafety assessments. RNA m6A modification plays a crucial role in development, disease, and cell fate determination through regulating RNA stability and decay. Here, since black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs), among many other types of QDs, increase the global m6A level and decrease the demethylase ALKBH5 level in lung cells, the epitranscriptome is taken into consideration for the first time to evaluate nanosafety. Both the transcriptome and m6A epitranscriptome analyses show that BPQDs alter many biological processes, such as the response to selenium ions and the lipoxygenase pathway, indicating possible ferroptosis activation. The results further show that BPQDs cause lipid peroxidation, mitochondrial dysfunction, and iron overload. Recognition of these modified mRNAs by YTHDF2 leads to mRNAs' decay and eventually ferroptosis. This study shows that RNA m6A modification not only is a more sophisticated indicator for nanosafety assessment but also provides novel insight into the role of RNA m6A in regulating BPQD-induced ferroptosis, which may be broadly applicable to understanding the functions of RNA m6A under stress.


Assuntos
Ferroptose , Pontos Quânticos , Ferroptose/genética , Fósforo/metabolismo , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
3.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 100: 240-249, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33279036

RESUMO

Quantum dots (QDs) are new types of nanomaterials. Few studies have focused on the effect of different surface modified QDs on embryonic development. Herein, we compared the in vivo toxicity of CdSe/ZnS QDs with carboxyl (-COOH) and amino (-NH2) modification using zebrafish embryos. After exposure, the two CdSe/ZnS QDs decreased the survival rate, hatching rate, and embryo movement of zebrafish. Moreover, we found QDs attached to the embryo membrane before hatching and the eyes, yolk and heart after hatching. The attached amount of carboxyl QDs was more. Consistently, the Cd content in embryos and larvae was higher in carboxyl QD-treatment. We further observed that the two QDs caused zebrafish pericardial edema and cardiac dysfunction. In line with it, both carboxyl and amino QDs up-regulated the transcription levels of cardiac development-related genes, and the levels were higher in carboxyl QD-treated groups. Furthermore, the chelator of Cd2+ diethylene triamine pentacetate acid could partially rescued the developmental toxicity caused by the two types of QDs suggesting that both the nature of QDs and the release of Cd2+ contribute to the developmental toxicity. In conclusion, the two CdSe/ZnS QDs have developmental toxicity and affect the cardiac development, and the carboxyl QDs is more toxic possibly due to the higher affinity and more release to embryos and larvae. Our study provides new knowledge that the surface functional modification of QDs is critical on the development on aquatic species, which is beneficial to develop and applicate QDs more safely and environment-friendly.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cádmio , Pontos Quânticos , Compostos de Selênio , Animais , Compostos de Cádmio/toxicidade , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Compostos de Selênio/toxicidade , Sulfetos/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra , Compostos de Zinco/toxicidade
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