Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 215
Filtrar
Filtros adicionais











País/Região como assunto
Intervalo de ano
1.
Bone ; 128: 115052, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31472300

RESUMO

End plate chondrocyte degeneration is a major cause of intervertebral disc degeneration. Mechanical biophysical forces, including intermittent cyclic mechanical tension (ICMT), exacerbate end plate chondrocyte degeneration. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of mechanical stretch-induced end plate chondrocyte degeneration is still unclear. This study sought to determine whether microRNAs (miRNAs) respond to mechanical stretch and play a role in regulating mechanically-induced end plate chondrocyte degeneration. We identified miR-365 as a mechanoresponsive miRNA in primary human end plate chondrocytes after ICMT application by miRNA microarray analysis. The expression of miR-365 was down-regulated in the disc samples obtained from patients with disc degeneration. We also found that the miR-365 stimulates chondrocyte proliferation but does not promote end plate chondrocyte death. Using bioinformatic analyses and subsequent confirmation by real-time RT-PCR, we identified multiple candidate target genes of miR-365 that responded to in vitro mechanical stimulation; among them, HDAC4 was fully characterized. Mutation of putative miR-365 binding sites in HDAC4 mRNA abolished miR-365 mediated repression of HDAC4 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) luciferase reporter activity, suggesting that miR-365 binds to the HDAC4 3'UTR. Overexpression of miR-365 significantly decreased the HDAC4 protein level, suggesting that miR-365 acts as an endogenous attenuator of HDAC4 in human end plate chondrocytes. Further, perturbation of miR-365 expression also had a significant effect on the expression of COL2A and ACAN and on matrix degeneration. Overexpression of HDAC4 abolished miR-365 rescued end plate chondrocyte degeneration during ICMT application. Furthermore, we found that the wnt/ß-catenin signal pathway was related to HDAC4 and promoted end plate chondrocyte degeneration. Overall, our results suggest that miR-365 is a mechanosensitive miRNA that regulates human chondrocyte degeneration by directly targeting HDAC4. We propose that therapeutic regulation of miR-365 may be an efficient anabolic strategy for inhibiting end plate chondrocyte degeneration.

2.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(8): 891-897, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511207

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the inhibitory effects of PEG-APTES-MNP magnetic heating on liver cancer cells. METHODS: The magnetic nanoparticle complex PEG-APTES-MNP was synthesized and its physiochemical properties and biocompatibility were characterized. HepG2 cells were incubated with the PEG-APTES-MNP nanoparticles for magnetic heating or nanoparticle therapy. Prussian blue staining was used to detect the uptake efficiency of the magnetic nanoparticles by HepG2 cells. MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to evaluate the inhibitory effect of the nanoparticles on HepG2 cells, and laser scanning confocal microscopy was used to detect the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the cells. Fifteen nude mice bearing HepG2 cell xenografts were randomized equally into PEG-APTES-MNP injection group (with nanocomposite injection only), PEG-APTES-MNP magnetic heating group and control group (with PBS injection), and the tumor growth were observed in the mice after the treatments. RESULTS: The synthesized PEG-APTES-MNP nanoparticles showed good physicochemical properties and biocompatibility. Incubation of HepG2 with the nanoparticles resulted in significantly increased ROS production, obvious inhibition of the cell growth through the synergetic effects of magnetic heating (P < 0.05), and significantly enhanced cell apoptosis. In the tumor-bearing nude mice, the nanoparticles strongly inhibited the tumor growth by magnetic heating (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The magnetic nanocomposite PEG-APTES-MNP has good physicochemical properties and bioavailability and can strongly inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells both in vitro and in nude mice through magnetic heating, demonstrating its potential as a candidate nanomedicine for liver cancer treatment.

3.
Front Immunol ; 10: 1866, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447855

RESUMO

Psoriasis is one of the most common chronic inflammatory skin diseases, affecting ~2% of the population. The lack of characterization of the pathogenesis of psoriasis has hindered efficient clinical treatment of the disease. In our study, we observed that expression of complement component 5a receptor 1(C5aR1) was significantly increased in skin lesions of both imiquimod (IMQ) and IL23-induced psoriatic mice and patients with psoriasis. C5aR1 deficiency or treatment with C5a receptor 1 antagonist (C5aR1a) in mice significantly attenuated psoriasis-like skin lesions and expression of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines. Moreover, C5aR1 deficiency significantly decreased IMQ-induced infiltration of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs), monocytes and neutrophils in psoriatic skin lesions and functions of pDCs, evidenced by the remarkable reduction in the IMQ-induced production of interferon-α (IFN-α) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand (FLT3L)-dependent pDCs differentiation. Accordingly, in vitro treatment with recombinant C5a accelerated pDCs migration and the differentiation of bone marrow cells into pDCs. Furthermore, biopsies of psoriatic patients showed a dramatic increase of C5aR1+ pDCs infiltration in psoriatic skin lesions, compared to healthy subjects. Our results provide direct evidence that C5a/C5aR1 signaling plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Inhibition of C5a/C5aR1 pathway is expected to be beneficial in the treatment of patients with psoriasis.

4.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 1232146, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428220

RESUMO

Background: Zinc plays a role in mitophagy and protects cardiomyocytes from ischemia/reperfusion injury. This study is aimed at investigating whether SUMOylation of Drp1 is involved in the protection of zinc ion on cardiac I/R injury. Methods: Mouse hearts were subjected to 30 minutes of regional ischemia followed by 2 hours of reperfusion (ischemia/reoxygenation (I/R)). Infarct size and apoptosis were assessed. HL-1 cells were subjected to 24 hours of hypoxia and 6 hours of reoxygenation (hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)). Zinc was given 5 min before reperfusion for 30 min. SENP2 overexpression plasmid (Flag-SENP2), Drp1 mutation plasmid (Myc-Drp1 4KR), and SUMO1 siRNA were transfected into HL-1 cells for 48 h before hypoxia. Effects of zinc on SUMO family members were analyzed by Western blotting. SUMOylation of Drp1, apoptosis and the collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (ΔΨm), and mitophagy were evaluated. Results: Compared with the control, SUMO1 modification level of proteins in the H/R decreased, while this effect was reversed by zinc. In the setting of H/R, zinc attenuated myocardial apoptosis, which was reversed by SUMO1 siRNA. Similar effects were observed in SUMO1 KO mice exposed to H/R. In addition, the dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) is a target protein of SUMO1. The SUMOylation of Drp1 induced by zinc regulated mitophagy and contributed to the protective effect of zinc on H/R injury. Conclusions: SUMOylation of Drp1 played an essential role in zinc-induced cardio protection against I/R injury. Our findings provide a promising therapeutic approach for acute myocardial I/R injury.

5.
Cell Rep ; 28(8): 2004-2011.e4, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433978

RESUMO

Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a thermogenic organ that maintains body temperature and energy homeostasis. Transcriptional regulation plays an important role in the program of brown adipogenesis. However, it remains unclear how the transcriptional events are controlled in this program. In this study, we analyze an SENP2 BAT conditional knockout mouse model and find that SENP2-mediated de-SUMOylation is essential for BAT development. SENP2 catalyzes de-SUMOylation of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) to suppress Necdin expression, which induces brown adipocyte differentiation and brown adipogenesis. Mechanistically, we find that SUMOylation enhances CREB interaction with serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) to de-phosphorylate CREB, which activates Necdin transcription. SENP2 deficiency enhances the expression of Necdin to inhibit brown adipocyte differentiation. Therefore, we reveal a crucial role of SENP2-mediated de-SUMOylation of CREB in suppression of Necdin expression during brown adipose development and brown adipogenesis.

6.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 15(4): 882-888, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436247

RESUMO

Objective: T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain containing-3 (Tim-3) has been widely recognized as a negative regulator of antitumor immunity. However, the mechanism by which Tim-3 suppresses antitumor treatment in gliomas remains unclear. This study aims to explore whether Tim-3 is expressed and to evaluate its effect in drug-fasted glioma cells. Subjects and Methods: U87 and U251 glioma cell lines were tested. Cell proliferation activity, cell viability, and the protein and mRNA levels of Tim-3 were detected using CCK-8, flow cytometry, Western blotting, and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Enhancement of the sensitivity of glioma cells to chemotherapeutic agents was tested after inhibiting Tim-3 expression using Tim-3 small interfering RNAs (siRNA). Results: As temozolomide (TMZ) concentration increased, the ratio of apoptotic cells also increased accordingly. However, the level of Tim-3 expression in living cells from the high-dose group was higher than in the low- and middle-dose groups. After interfering with the expression of Tim-3 using siRNA against Tim-3, the killing effect of TMZ rose through an increase in apoptosis. Conclusions: The presence of Tim-3 mRNA and protein in glioma cells was detected. Significantly, knocking down Tim-3 expression improved the potential of TMZ treatment.

7.
IEEE Int Conf Rehabil Robot ; 2019: 1139-1146, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31374783

RESUMO

Assistive robotic manipulators have the potential to support the lives of people suffering from severe motor impairments. They can support individuals with disabilities to independently perform daily living activities, such as drinking, eating, manipulation tasks, and opening doors. An attractive solution is to enable motor impaired users to teach a robot by providing demonstrations of daily living tasks. The user controls the robot 'manually' with an intuitive human-robot interface to provide demonstration, which is followed by the robot learning of the performed task. However, the control of robotic manipulators by motor impaired individuals is a challenging topic. In this paper, a novel head gesture-based interface for hands-free robot control and a framework for robot learning from demonstration are presented. The head gesture-based interface consists of a camera mounted on the user's hat, which records the changes in the viewed scene due to the head motion. The head gesture recognition is performed using the optical flow for feature extraction and support vector machine for gesture classification. The recognized head gestures are further mapped into robot control commands to perform object manipulation task. The robot learns the demonstrated task by generating the sequence of actions and Gaussian Mixture Model method is used to segment the demonstrated path of the robot's end-effector. During the robotic reproduction of the task, the modified Gaussian Mixture Model and Gaussian Mixture Regression are used to adapt to environmental changes. The proposed framework was evaluated in a real-world assistive robotic scenario in a small study involving 13 participants; 12 able-bodied and one tetraplegic. The presented results demonstrate a potential of the proposed framework to enable severe motor impaired individuals to demonstrate daily living tasks to robotic manipulators.

8.
New Phytol ; 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394010

RESUMO

Despite the role of polyploidy in multiple evolutionary processes, its impact on plant diversification remains controversial. An increased polyploid frequency may facilitate speciation through shifts in ecology, morphology or both. Here we used Allium to evaluate: (1) the relationship between intraspecific polyploid frequency and species diversification rate; and (2) whether this process is associated with habitat and/or trait shifts. Using eight plastid and nuclear ribosomal markers, we built a phylogeny of 448 Allium species, representing 46% of the total. We quantified intraspecific ploidy diversity, heterogeneity in diversification rates and their relationship along the phylogeny using trait-dependent diversification models. Finally, we evaluated the association between polyploidisation and habitat or trait shifts. We detected high ploidy diversity in Allium and a polyploidy-related diversification rate shift with a probability of 95% in East Asia. Allium lineages with high polyploid frequencies had higher species diversification rates than those of diploids or lineages with lower polyploid frequencies. Shifts in speciation rates were strongly correlated with habitat shifts linked to particular soil conditions; 81.7% of edaphic variation could be explained by polyploidisation. Our study emphasises the role of intraspecific polyploid frequency combined with ecological drivers on Allium diversification, which may explain plant radiations more generally.

9.
Mol Cell ; 75(4): 823-834.e5, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302001

RESUMO

Sirt3, as a major mitochondrial nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent deacetylase, is required for mitochondrial metabolic adaption to various stresses. However, how to regulate Sirt3 activity responding to metabolic stress remains largely unknown. Here, we report Sirt3 as a SUMOylated protein in mitochondria. SUMOylation suppresses Sirt3 catalytic activity. SUMOylation-deficient Sirt3 shows elevated deacetylation on mitochondrial proteins and increased fatty acid oxidation. During fasting, SUMO-specific protease SENP1 is accumulated in mitochondria and quickly de-SUMOylates and activates Sirt3. SENP1 deficiency results in hyper-SUMOylation of Sirt3 and hyper-acetylation of mitochondrial proteins, which reduces mitochondrial metabolic adaption responding to fasting. Furthermore, we find that fasting induces SENP1 translocation into mitochondria to activate Sirt3. The studies on mice show that Sirt3 SUMOylation mutation reduces fat mass and antagonizes high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity via increasing oxidative phosphorylation and energy expenditure. Our results reveal that SENP1-Sirt3 signaling modulates Sirt3 activation and mitochondrial metabolism during metabolic stress.

10.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 40(4): 1656-1663, 2019 Apr 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31087905

RESUMO

In order to understand the sources and health risks of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the PM2.5 fraction of road dust and soil dust in Nanchang city, PM2.5 samples were collected by a resuspension sampler and the concentrations of sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were detected. The results showed that the ΣPAHs of the road dust ranged from 48.85 to 166.16 µg·kg-1, with a mean of (114.22±39.95) µg·kg-1. The ΣPAHs of the soil dust ranged from 31.05 to 62.92 µg·kg-1 with a mean of (40.79±9.39) µg·kg-1. The PAHs in the PM2.5 fraction of fugitive dust were mainly composed of 4-5 rings. The results of the principal component analysis and multiple linear regression analysis indicated that the PAHs in PM2.5 samples of road dust mainly originated from motor vehicle emissions, coal sources, and oil leakage, with contribution rates of 51.7% and 48.3%, respectively. For children and adult males, the carcinogenic risk values of PAHs in different exposure pathways followed the order dermal contact > ingestion > inhalation, while those for adult females followed the order ingestion > dermal contact > inhalation. For all exposure pathways, the carcinogenic risks of the PAHs to adults were higher than those to children. For all populations, the total carcinogenic risk values of the PAHs were lower than the US EPA recommended carcinogenic risk threshold of 10-6, indicating no carcinogenic risk.


Assuntos
Poeira , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Adulto , Carcinógenos/análise , Criança , Cidades , Monitoramento Ambiental , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos
11.
Food Funct ; 10(4): 2186-2197, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942219

RESUMO

A new acidic polysaccharide (GPTP-3) with a molecular weight of 2.49 × 106 Da was extracted and purified from Gynostemma pentaphyllum tea. Monosaccharide analysis revealed that GPTP-3 mainly comprised mannose (20.4%), glucuronic acid (17.4%), glucose (33.4%), and galactose (21.4%) (parentheses indicate the molar percentages). Immunostimulating assays indicated that GPTP-3 could markedly promote the secretion of NO, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in murine macrophage RAW264.7. TLR4 was found to be a recognized target of GPTP-3. Moreover, TLR4-related mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt, including ERK, JNK, p38, and Akt, were rapidly activated by GPTP-3 in RAW264.7 cells. Furthermore, GPTP-3 was found to induce the nuclear translocation of NF-κB subunit p65. All these findings suggest that MAPK, PI3K/Akt, and NF-κB pathways are involved in GPTP-3-induced macrophage activations, and GPTP-3 has the potential to be developed as a functional food with immunomodulatory functions.


Assuntos
Gynostemma/química , Fatores Imunológicos/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Animais , Fatores Imunológicos/química , Ativação de Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por Mitógeno/imunologia , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Polissacarídeos/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Chás de Ervas/análise , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/genética , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
12.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(7): 690-692, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006721

RESUMO

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a modern cancer therapy. But it is still difficult to obtain ideal photosensitizers. We synthesized six new peri-xanthenoxanthene derivatives rapidly and efficiently using solid-phase carbon-bath microwave irradiation technology, and investigated their in vitro photodynamic antitumor activity with 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Our results showed that all compounds exhibited extremely low dark cytotoxicity and good phototoxicity against four human cancer cell lines. In particular, compound 3c showed the best in vitro PDT activity against Hela cells and Bel-7402 cells with IC50 values of 91 and 74 nmol/L, respectively. Its value of 1-octanol/water partition coefficient (log Kow) was 0.5309, suggesting that it is a promising photosensitizer for PDT due to its low dark cytotoxicity, high phototoxicity, and potential water solubility.


Assuntos
Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/síntese química , Xantenos/química , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HeLa , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Micro-Ondas , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fotoquimioterapia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Xantenos/farmacologia , Xantenos/uso terapêutico
13.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 32(1): 64-67, 2019 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore distal Chevron osteotomy of the first metatarsal and soft-tissue release for the treatment of mild and moderate hallux valgus. METHODS: From June 2015 to June 2017, 32 patients(40 feet) with mild and moderate hallux valgus were treated with distal Chevron osteotomy with soft tissue release. including 3 males(3 feet) and 29 females (37 feet), aged from 22 to 80 years old with an average of 57.57 years old. The courses of disease ranged from 2 to 32 years with an average of 14 years. Among them, 9 feet were mild, 31 feet were moderate. Patients were combined with bunion, pain around the first metatarsal joint, and pain increased during weight-bearing walking before opertaion. AP and lateral X-rays on weight-bearing were performed, hallux valgus angle(HVA) and intermetatarsal angle(IMA) between the first and the second metatarsal were examined before and after operation. AOFAS score was applied to evaluate clinical effects. RESULTS: All patients were followed up from 12 to 24 months with an average of 15.2 months.Fracture wounds were healed well without infection and metatarsal head necrosis occurred. Preoperative HVA (32.08±5.59)° and IMA (11.63±2.24)° decreased to (10.31±4.36)° and (5.02°±2.34)°after operation at 12 months, and had statistical difference before and after operation (P<0.05). AOFAS score increased from 56.75±6.42 before operation to 88.80±3.99 after operation at 12 months(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Distal Chevron osteotomy of the first metatarsal and soft-tissue release for the treatment of mild and moderate hallux valgus could obtain good effects and provide more options for hallux valgus treatment.


Assuntos
Joanete , Hallux Valgus , Ossos do Metatarso , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteotomia , Radiografia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
14.
Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc ; 53(2): 129-133, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30691874

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to clarify the role of Matrix metalloproteinase 1 (MMP-1) -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) polymorphism on the osteoarthritis (OA) risk. METHODS: Articles were selected by retrieving the Web of Science, Embase and Pubmed. The strength of the association between -1607 1G/2G polymorphism and OA risk was assessed by odds ratios (ORs) with the corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for each study. RESULTS: No significant association between -1607 1G/2G polymorphism and OA risk was found in all the models overall (2G2G vs 1G1G, OR (95%CI) = 0.69 (0.36-1.32), P = 0.54; 2G2G + 2G1G vs 1G1G, OR (95%CI) = 0.88 (0.47-1.63), P = 0.69; 2G2G vs 2G1G + 1G1G, OR (95%CI) = 1.30 (0.68-2.47), P = 0.41; 2 G vs 1G, OR (95%CI) = 0.90 (0.86-1.54), P = 0.66). By subgroup analysis, significant association was found in the "< 60 years" group (2G2G vs 1G1G, OR (95%CI) = 3.46 (2.13-5.62), P = 0.00; 2G2G + 2G1G vs 1G1G, OR (95%CI) = 0.49 (0.31-0.79), P = 0.00; 2G2G vs 2G1G + 1G1G, OR (95%CI) = 2.74 (1.80-4.16, P = 0.00; 2 G vs 1G, OR (95%CI) = 0.56 (0.35-0.89), P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis showed that -1607 1G/2G polymorphism may increase the susceptibility to OA among the younger populations (<60 years). More studies with detailed information are needed to validate our conclusion. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level I Diagnostic Study.


Assuntos
Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
15.
Front Pharmacol ; 9: 1181, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30386242

RESUMO

Curcumin (CUR), a promising naturally occurring dietary compound, is commonly recognized as the potential anti-inflammatory agent. While the application of CUR was hampered by its low stability and poor systemic bioavailability, it has been suggested that the biological activities of CUR are intimately related to its metabolites. In the current investigation, we aimed to comparatively explore the anti-inflammatory effects of tetrahydrocurcumin (THC), octahydrocurcumin (OHC), and CUR, and to elucidate the underlying action mechanisms on experimental mice models of acute inflammation, i.e., xylene-induced ear edema, acetic acid-induced vascular permeability, and carrageenan-induced paw edema. The results showed that THC and OHC exerted significant and dose-dependent inhibitions on the formation of ear edema induced by xylene and paw edema provoked by carrageenan and inhibited the Evans blue dye leakage in peritoneal cavity elicited by acetic acid. Moreover, THC and OHC treatments were more effective than CUR in selectively inhibiting the expression of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and suppressing nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) pathways via transforming growth factor ß activated kinase-1 (TAK1) inactivation in the carrageenan-induced mouse paw edema model.

16.
J Immunol Methods ; 2018 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30447244

RESUMO

Cryopreservation of blood-derived immune cells is commonly used in clinical trials to examine immunological responses. However, studies elucidating the effects of cryopreservation on peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) responses have shown inconsistent results making it difficult to draw meaningful conclusions. Therefore we sought to address this issue by comparing key innate and adaptive immune parameters between freshly-isolated and cryopreserved PBMCs from healthy adults. We examined the effect of cryopreservation on the expression of key markers on innate and adaptive immune cell populations (i.e. CD4+ and CD8+ [T cells], CD14+ [monocytes], CD19+ [B cells], CD56+ [NK cells] or CD19 + CD27+ [memory B cells]), on cytokine secretion (TNF-α, INF-γ, IL-1ß, IL-10, IL-6, MCP-1 and RANTES) in cultured PBMC supernatants following stimulation with a range of Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists, as well as on antigen-specific memory B cell enumeration by ELISpot. We found that cryopreservation had no effect on the expression of immune markers on innate and adaptive immune cells as well on the number of antigen-specific memory B cells. However, the response to TLR ligands such as FLA-ST, CpG and LPS was variable with increased cytokine production by cryopreserved PBMCs observed compared to freshly-isolated PBMCs. Our results suggest that the effect of cryopreservation on the biological response of immune cell populations needs to be carefully considered, particularly in the context of clinical studies that rely on these immune outcomes.

17.
Appl Opt ; 57(33): 9798-9802, 2018 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30462013

RESUMO

In this paper, we report on the intracavity frequency doubling of the Pr:YLF laser with a LiB3O5 (LBO) crystal, which was pumped by a combined 1.4 W blue laser diode at 444 nm and 1.5 W blue laser diode at 469 nm. By optimizing the design of the resonator, using a 5-mm-long LBO crystal, the maximum output power of 5 mW at 302 nm was achieved with respect to the total pump power.

18.
Cancer Gene Ther ; 2018 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464206

RESUMO

The original version of this Article neglected to indicate that the study was supported by Anhui Natural Science Foundation Project (1608085MH201). This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the Article.

19.
Cancer Manag Res ; 10: 4325-4331, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30349366

RESUMO

Objective: Surgical resection serves an important role in the multidisciplinary treatment of cerebral metastases (CMs). Conventional white-light, microsurgical, and circumferential stripping of CMs is standard neurosurgical procedure, but is associated with a high recurrence rate. Based on this outcome, there is an urgent need for a new surgical strategy, such as fluorescence-guided resection, for CMs, in order to achieve total removal. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out in 38 patients clinically and pathologically diagnosed with breast cancer brain metastasis at three medical centers from May 2012 to June 2016. The study comprised group 1 (fluorescein-guided surgery) and group 2 (standard microsurgery). In group 1, 5 mg/kg of fluorescein sodium was injected intravenously after an allergy test and before general anesthesia for 17 patients. A yellow 560 filter was employed for microsurgical tumor resection. Group 2 consisted of 21 patients for whom fluorescein was not administered. Results: Surgical outcomes were assessed concerning the extent of resection and Karnofsky performance status. Gross total resection was achieved in these patients, with high fluorescence markedly enhancing tumor visibility. The extent of resection had a powerful influence on performance status. Overall survival after CM was 24.1 months in patients given fluorescein and was 22.8 months in the nonfluorescein group. Conclusion: Fluorescein-guided surgery is a simple, safe, and practical method to resect breast cancer brain metastasis, and leads to a higher proportion of resection compared to common microsurgery. This offers a tremendous advantage when navigating a tiny tumor, and improves the quality of life of patients with CM.

20.
Chin J Traumatol ; 21(5): 250-255, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30270142

RESUMO

Fifty percent of the deaths caused by severe trauma occur within 1 h after injury. With the concepts of "golden 1 h" and "platinum 10 min", the professionals in the field of emergency trauma treatment have agreed on the necessity of establishing a rapid and efficient trauma rescue system. However, due to the size of the hospital, the population in the neighborhood, the local economic conditions and geographical features, how to establish an optimal trauma rescue system remains an issue. In this paper, we introduced our experiences in a county-level hospital located in middle-and high-income areas.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA