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1.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1094-1097, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683393

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality rates of esophageal cancer in China in 2015. Methods: Based on the data quality review and assessment, the esophageal cancer data from 368 cancer registries in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in China were included in this study. According to the national population data in 2015, the nationwide incidence and mortality of the esophageal cancer were estimated. Chinese standard population in 2000 and world Segi's population were used to calculate the age-standardized (ASR) incidence and mortality rates (ASR China and world, respectively). Results: The 368 cancer registries covered a total of 309 553 499 populations in China, accounting for 22.52% of the national population. There were 245 651 new esophageal cancer cases estimated in China in 2015, with a crude incidence rate of 17.87/100 000. The ASR China and ASR world were 11.14/100 000 and 11.28/100 000, respectively. The estimated number of esophageal cancer death was 188 044 in China in 2015, with a crude mortality rate of 13.68/100 000; The ASR China and ASR world mortality rates were 8.33/100 000 and 8.36/100 000, respectively. The ASR China incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer in males were higher in males (16.50/100 000 and 12.66/100 000) than those in females (5.92/100 000 and 4.17/100 000), and they were higher in rural areas (15.95/1100 000 and 11.67/100 000) than those in urban areas (7.59/100 000 and 5.87/100 000). Conclusion: The incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer in China are higher than the global average. The disparity of the incidence and mortality rates of esophageal cancer significantly differed in genders and areas.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/etnologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Vigilância da População , Sistema de Registros
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(11): 1098-1103, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683394

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the status of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) use in areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. Methods: This study was based on the National Key Research and Development Program of "National Precision Medicine Cohort of Esophageal Cancer" and "Study on Identification and Prevention of High-risk Populations of Gastrointestinal Malignancies (Esophageal cancer, Gastric cancer and Colorectal cancer)" . From January 2017 to August 2018, 212 villages or communities with a high incidence of esophageal cancer or gastric cancer were selected from 12 regions in 6 provinces. A total of 35 910 residents aged between 40 and 69 years old who met the inclusion criteria and signed the informed consent were investigated and enrolled in this study. The use of NSAIDs, demographic characteristics, health-related habits, height, weight, and blood pressure were collected by the questionnaire and physical examination. The status of main NSAIDs (aspirin, acetaminophen and ibuprofen) use with the difference varying in genders, age groups and regions were analyzed by using χ(2) test and Cochran-Armitage trend analysis method. Results: Of 35 910 subjects, the mean age was (54.6±7.1) years old and males accounted for 43.42% (15 591). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.56% (1 638), but it significantly varied in different provinces (P<0.001). The overall prevalence of NSAIDs intake was 4.87% (1 750) in females, which was significantly higher than that in males 4.24% (1 524) (P<0.001). The prevalence of NSAIDs intake increased with age (P for trend <0.001). As the frequency of NSAIDs intake increased, the incidence of gastrointestinal symptoms, gastrointestinal ulcers and black stools increased (P for trend <0.05 for all). Conclusion: The use of NSAIDs is prevalent in some areas with a high incidence of upper gastrointestinal cancer in China. The increased use of NSAIDs may lead to more adverse effects related to the gastrointestinal tract.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anticarcinógenos/efeitos adversos , Aspirina/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/epidemiologia , Ibuprofeno/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Anticarcinógenos/farmacologia , Aspirina/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/etnologia , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/farmacologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(10): 721-727, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648492

RESUMO

Objective: Using updated population-based cancer registration (PBCR) data, we estimated nation-wide liver cancer statistics overall, by sex and by areas in China. Methods: Qualified PBCR data of liver cancer in 2015 which met the data quality criteria were stratified by geographical locations, sex, and age groups. Age-specific incidence and mortality rates by sex and area were calculated. The burden of liver cancer was evaluated by multiplying these rates by the year of 2015 population. Chinese standard population in 2000 and World Segi's population were used for the calculation of age-standardized rates (ASR) of incidence and mortality. Results: Qualified 368 cancer registries covered a total of 309 553 499 populations in China, accounting for 22.52% of the national population. It is estimated that there were 370 000 new cases (274 000 males and 96 000 females) of liver cancer in China. The age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASR China) and World Segi's population (ASR World) were 17.64 per 100 000 and 17.35 per 100 000, respectively. Rural areas showed higher incidence (ASR China: 20.07 per 100 000, ASR World: 19.67 per 100 000) than urban areas (ASR China: 15.90 per 100 000, ASR world: 15.67 per 100 000). Subgroup analysis showed that western areas of China had highest incidence rate of liver cancer, with the ASR China of 20.65 per 100 000 and 20.22 per 100 000 for ASR world, respectively. For new cases of liver cancer deaths, there were 326 000 new deaths (242 000 males and 84 000 females) in China, with age-standardized mortality rate by Chinese standard population and World Segi's population of 15.33 per 100 000 and 15.09 per 100 000, respectively. Rural areas showed higher mortality (ASR China: 17.17 per 100 000, ASR world: 16.86 per 100 000) than urban areas (ASR China: 14.00 per 100 000, ASR World: 13.81 per 100 000). Conclusions: There is still a heavy burden of liver cancer in China. Rural residents have higher incidence and mortality of liver cancer compared with urban counterparts. It is likely that many factors such as hepatitis virus infection, and aflatoxin exposure play a dominating role. Prevention and control strategies should be enhanced in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Mortalidade/tendências , Sistema de Registros , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Características de Residência
4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(6): 471-476, 2019 Jun 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216836

RESUMO

Objective: To characterize the clinical epidemiological features of primary lung cancer patients based on massive clinical data. Methods: The demographic and histological information of 8 081 primary lung cancer patients who were initially identified from 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2013 in 16 hospitals from 6 provinces were retrospectively analyzed to determine the characteristics of different histological subtypes among different gender, age-group and birth cohort. Results: Among the 8 081 lung cancer patients, 5 422 (67.10%) were male and 2 659 (32.90%) were female, the average age was (60.96±10.14) years. The most common histological subtypes of lung cancer successively were adenocarcinoma (ADC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), small cell carcinoma and large cell carcinoma, and the proportions of these subtypes were 53.13%, 24.51%, 14.59% and 0.66%, respectively, which collectively accounted for 92.89%. The current highest smoking rate was observed in SCC patients, which was 62.45%, while lowest in ADC, which was 29.68%. The incidence of lung cancer in male was significantly higher that that of female, with a sex ratio of 2.04∶1. The highest sex ratio was observed in SCC, which was 9.14∶1, while lowest in ADC, which was 1.14∶1. The distribution of histological subtypes in male lung cancer patients was consistent with the general situation.While among the female lung cancer patients, the proportion of ADC was the highest (75.42%), followed by SCC (10.08%), squamous cell carcinoma (7.34%) and large cell carcinoma (0.39%). Analyzed by the birth cohort, the proportion of ADC gradually increased with the age, while the reduced tendency was observed in SCC (P<0.000 1). Conclusion: Adenocarcinoma is the most important histological subtype of lung cancer, and the distribution characteristics of histological subtypes of lung cancer differs among genders, age and birth cohort.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Grandes , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
5.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(1): 19-28, 2019 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30678413

RESUMO

Objective: Data from local cancer registries were pooled to estimate cancer incidence and mortality in China, 2015. Methods: Data submitted from 501 cancer registries were checked & evaluated according to the criteria of data quality control, and 368 registries' data were qualified for the final analysis. Data were stratified by area (urban/rural), sex, age group and cancer sites, and combined with national population data to estimate cancer incidence and mortality in China, 2015. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized. Results: Total population covered by 368 cancer registries were 309 553 499 (148 804 626 in urban and 160 748 873 in rural areas). The percentage of morphologically verified cases (MV) and the percentage of death certificate-only cases (DCO) accounted for 69.34% and 2.09%, respectively, and the mortality to incidence ratio was 0.61. About 3 929 000 new cancer cases were reported in 2015 and the crude incidence rate was 285.83 per 100 000 population (males and females were 305.47 and 265.21 per 100 000 population). Age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and by world standard population (ASIRW) were 190.64 and 186.39 per 100 000 population, respectively, with the cumulative incidence rate (0-74 age years old) of 21.44%. The cancer incidence and ASIRC were 304.96/100 000 and 196.09/100 000 in urban areas and 261.40/100 000 and 182.70/100 000 in rural areas, respectively. About 2 338 000 cancer deaths were reported in 2015 and the cancer mortality was 170.05/100 000 (210.10/100 000 in males and 128.00/100 000 in females). Age-standardized mortality rates by Chinese standard population (ASMRC) and by world standard population (ASMRW) were 106.72/100 000 and 105.84/100 000, respectively, with the cumulative incidence rate (0-74 age years old) of 11.94%. The cancer mortality and ASMRC were 172.61/100 000 and 103.65/100 000 in urban areas and 166.79/100 000 and 110.76/100 000 in rural areas, respectively. The most common cancer cases including lung, gastric, colorectal, liver and female breast, the top 10 cancer incidence accounted for about 76.70% of all cancer new cases. The most common cancer deaths including lung, liver, gastric, esophageal and colorectal, the top 10 cancer deaths accounted for about 83.00% of all cancer deaths. Conclusions: The burden of cancer showed a continuous upward trend in China. Cancer prevention and control faces the problem of the disparity in different areas and different cancer burden between men and women. The cancer pattern in China presents the coexistence of the cancer patterns in developed and developing countries. The situation of cancer prevention and control is still serious in China.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/mortalidade , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(11): 805-811, 2018 Nov 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30481929

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate lung cancer incidence and mortality in China using population-based cancer registry data in 2014 collected by National Central Cancer Registry of China (NCCRC). Methods: 449 cancer registries submitted cancer registry data in 2014. All datasets were evaluated and 339 registries' data which met the quality control criteria of NCCRC were analyzed. Numbers of new lung cancer cases and deaths were estimated using calculated incidence and mortality rates and corresponding national population stratified by areas, sexes and age groups. The standard population of Chinese census in 2000 and world Segi' s population were applied to calculate age-standardized incidence and mortality rates in China and worldwide, respectively. Results: A total of 781, 500 new lung cancer cases were diagnosed in 2014. The crude incidence rate was 57.13 per 100 000 and the age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and by world standard population (ASIRW) were 36.71 per 100 000 and 36.63 per 100 000, respectively. The cumulative incidence rate (0-74 years old) was 4.50%. Lung cancer was the most common cancer in male (ASIRW: 50.04 per 100 000) and the second most common cancer in female (ASIRW: 23.63 per 100 000). The incidence rates were slightly similar in urban areas and in rural areas (ASIRW: 36.64 per 100 000 vs 36.56 per 100 000). A total of 626 400 lung cancer deaths were reported. The crude mortality rate was 45.80 per 100 000 and the age-standardized mortality rates by Chinese standard population (ASMRC) and by world standard population (ASMRW) were 28.49 per 100 000 and 28.31 per 100 000, respectively. The cumulative mortality rate (0-74 years old) was 3.32%. Lung cancer was the most common cause of cancer deaths both in male (ASMRW: 40.21 per 100 000) and female (ASMRW: 16.88 per 100 000). The mortality rate was slightly higher in rural areas than in urban areas (ASMRW: 28.63 per 100 000 vs 28.04 per 100 000). Both lung cancer incidence and mortality rates increased with age, and the peak age was 80-84 years group. Conclusions: The disease burden of lung cancer is heavy in China. Efficient national health policies and prevention and control strategies against lung cancer should be promoted.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(10): 736-743, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30392337

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of laryngeal cancer in China based on the cancer registration data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR), and to provide support data for the control and prevention of laryngeal cancer. Methods: The incident and death data of laryngeal cancer in 2014 from 339 cancer registries met the quality criteria of NCCR, and then adopted for analysis. The incident and death number, crude rate, age standardized rate, truncated rate and proportion which stratified by areas (urban/rural) and age were calculated. The nationwide incidence and mortality of laryngeal cancer in 2014 were estimated by combining with those data on national population in 2014. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence/mortality rates. Results: It was estimates that 23.4 thousand new cases of laryngeal cancer occurred in China in 2014. There were 20.8 thousand males and 2.6 thousand females. And 14.5 thousand occurred in urban areas, while 8.9 thousand in rural areas. The age standardized rates of incidence by world standard population (ASRs world) in male, female and both genders were 2.05/100, 000, 0.24/100, 000 and 1.14/100, 000, respectively, whereas those were 1.22/100, 000 and 1.03/100, 000 for urban and rural areas. The incidence was much higher in males than females, and slightly higher in urban areas than those in rural areas. Moreover, it was estimates that 13.2 thousand death cases of laryngeal cancer occurred in China in 2014. There were 11.5 thousand males and 1.7 thousand females. And 7.8 thousand occurred in urban areas, while 5.4 thousand in rural areas. The age standardized rates of mortality by ASRs world in male, female and both genders were 1.08/100, 000, 0.14/100, 000 and 0.60/100, 000, respectively, whereas those were 0.60/100, 000 and 0.59/100, 000 for urban and rural areas. The mortality was much higher in males than females, and slightly higher in urban areas than those in rural areas. In males, the age specific incidence and mortality of laryngeal cancer increased greatly from 40-44 and 45-44 years old, respectively, and peaked at age group of 75-79 and >85 years old. In females, the age specific incidence and mortality increased slowly from 50-54 and 60-64 years old, respectively, and peaked at age group of 80-84 and >85 years old. The trends remained similar in urban and rural areas, except for the different peak ages. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of laryngeal cancer in China are at middle-low levels worldwide, and there are obvious differences between urban and rural areas with distinct gender disparity. Comprehensive prevention and control strategies should be carried out according to local status and age groups.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Neoplasias Laríngeas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Laríngeas/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(9): 647-652, 2018 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30293387

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of bladder cancer in China based on the cancer registration data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: There were 449 cancer registries submitted bladder cancer new cases and deaths occurred in 2014 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 339 registries' data were finally accepted for analysis. According to the national population data of 2014, the nationwide incidence and mortality of bladder cancer were estimated by stratification in the area (urban or rural), gender, and age. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence/mortality rates. Results: All 339 cancer registries covered a total of 288 243 347 populations (144 061 915 in urban and 144 181 432 in rural areas). The percentage of morphologically verified cases and death certificate-only cases were 74.86% and 1.45%, respectively. The mortality to incidence ratio was 0.41. The estimates of new bladder cancer cases were 78 100 in China in 2014, with a crude incidence rate of 5.71/100 000. The age-standardized incidence rates by China standard population (ASR China) and world standard population (ASR world) of bladder cancer were 3.61/100 000 and 3.56/100 000, respectively. Cumulative incidence rate of bladder cancer in China was 0.41%. The crude and ASR China incidence rates in urban areas were 6.88/100 000 and 4.07/100 000, respectively, whereas those were 4.29/100, 000 and 2.96/100 000 in rural areas. The estimates of bladder cancer deaths caused by bladder cancer were about 32 100 in China in 2014, with a crude mortality rate of 2.35/100 000. The ASR China and ASR world mortality rates were both 1.30/100 000 with a cumulative mortality rate (0-74 years old) of 0.12%. The crude and ASR China mortality rates were 2.79/100 000 and 1.41/100 000 in urban areas, respectively, whereas those were 1.81/100 000 and 1.14/100 000 in rural areas. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality pattern of bladder cancer were different in urban and rural areas. The incidence and mortality were higher in urban areas than that in rural areas, and higher for male than for female. We should focus on strengthening the prevention and control of bladder cancer in key population, especially men in urban areas.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Atestado de Óbito , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
9.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(7): 543-549, 2018 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30060365

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the age distribution characteristics of different cancers in the world according to the database from Cancer Incidence in Five Continents published by the International Association of Cancer Registries, and to compare the age differences of cancer incidence in different regions. Methods: Cancer incidence data from volume XI of Cancer Incidence in Five Continents including 339 population-based cancer registries in 65 countries during 2008-2012 have been extracted. The average age of cancer incidence in different regions, gender and cancer sites were analyzed and stratified according to the human development Index and the level of national or regional development UN Development. The Segi's world standard population (world standard) was standardized to calculate the average age of the cancer incidence and to analyze the effect of age structure of the population on the average age of cancer diagnosis. Results: This study included 4 812 008 148 person-years in the global population (including 2 367 458 302 men and 2 444 549 846 women), and 21 892 093 of the new cancer cases, including 11 450 515 men and 10 441 578 women. The analysis showed that the average age of cancer incidence in the world was 65.73 years, and men and women were 66.70 and 64.67 years old, respectively. Among them, the average incidence age of testicular cancer was the youngest, with an average age of 36.67 years, and that of gallbladder cancer was the highest with average age of 71.55 years. After adjusting for population structure, the average incidence age was highest in gallbladder cancer, followed with bladder cancer and prostate cancer, and the testicular was with the lowest average age of incidence, followed by bone cancer and brain tumor. The results showed that the average age of cancer incidence in developed countries or regions was 66.38 years old, and that in less developed countries or regions was 61.75 years old, but in China it was 63.47 years old. According to the human development index (HDI), the higher the country or region with HDI, the higher the average age of cancer incidence, and the difference is reduced after the adjustment of the age structure of the population. Conclusions: There are different characteristics of the age distribution for different cancer sites. In terms of the age of cancer incidence, those of gallbladder cancer and bladder cancer are relatively old, while those of the testis, bone and thyroid cancer are relatively young. The average age of cancer incidence in China is between developed and less developed countries. Prevention and control of cancer should be carried out according to the age distribution characteristics of different cancers.


Assuntos
Distribuição por Idade , Saúde Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Embrionárias de Células Germinativas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Distribuição por Sexo , Neoplasias Testiculares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/epidemiologia
10.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(6): 567-572, 2018 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886676

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence trend and change in the age distribution of female breast cancer in cancer registry areas in China from 2000 to 2014. Methods: 22 cancer registries in China with continuous monitoring data from 2000 to 2014 were selected. All datasets were checked and evaluated based on data quality control criteria and were included in the analysis. The cancer registries covered 675 954 193 person-years, including 342 010 930 person-years of male and 333 943 263 person-years of female. Female breast cancer cases (International Classification of Diseases-10(th) Revision: C50) were extracted. Crude incidence rate (CR), age-standardized incidence rate by Chinese standard population(ASIRC), annual percent change (APC), crude and adjusted mean age at onset were calculated. Incidence rates stratified by regions and age groups were calculated. Results: Female breast cancer incidence rate significantly increased from 31.90/100 000 in 2000 to 63.30/100 000 in 2014. Incidence rate increased rapidly from 2000 to 2008 (CR: APC=6.5%, 95%CI: 5.3%-7.8%; ASIRC: APC=4.6%, 95%CI: 3.6%-5.7%). Its increment slowed down from 2008-2014 (CR: APC=3.2%, 95%CI: 1.4%-5.1%; ASIRC: APC=1.4%, 95%CI:-0.1%-2.9%). The crude mean age at onset increased from 54.4 in 2000 to 57.0 in 2014. Adjusted mean age at onset remained around 54.3 in 2014. Crude mean age at onset increased significantly over time in all registry areas (ß=0.192, P<0.001), urban (ß=0.205, P<0.001) and rural (ß=0.092, P=0.014) areas, while adjusted mean age at onset remained stable in all registry areas (ß=0.009, P=0.289), urban (ß=0.017, P=0.139) and rural (ß=-0.054, P=0.109) areas. Conclusion: Female breast cancer incidence rate in China increased from 2000 to 2014. Aging of the population resulted in a significant increase in crude mean age at onset. After age adjustment, no significant changes in age distribution were found.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Sistema de Registros
11.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(6): 573-578, 2018 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886677

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate trends of mean age of diagnosis for liver cancer during 2000 to 2014, which may provide basic information for making feasible cancer prevention strategies. Methods: Based on the continuous cancer incidence data from 22 cancer registries of China between 1 January 2000 and 31 December 2014, the incidence by birth-cohort (year of birth between 1925 and 1994) and age specific incidence rates were calculated. The incidence of different age groups were also calculated. World Segi's population was used for age standardization. The liner regression model was applied to analyze the changing trend of mean age of diagnosis. Results: In 2014, the incidence rate for population with 80 years older and above was 108.21 per 100 000, whereas the rate for population at 30-39 years old was 5.09 per 100 000. But the mean age of diagnosis for liver cancer showed an increasing trend from 2000 to 2014. For male, it had increased from 58.80 to 62.35 (t=18.70, P<0.001) . For female, it had increased from 64.02 to 68.99 (t=20.50, P<0.001) . After age standardization, the mean age of diagnosis still showed increasing trend. Meanwhile, the proportion of liver cancer in people above 70 years old was 25.05% in 2014, which was higher than that in 2000 (22.49%). Conclusion: The mean age of liver cancer incidence was increasing during 2000-2014.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Referência , Sistema de Registros
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(6): 579-585, 2018 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886678

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the incidence trend and mean age at diagnosis for lung cancer in cancer registration areas of China from 2000 to 2014. Methods: The data of lung cancer incidence used in this study were from 22 registries submitted to National Central Cancer Registry with continuous data during 2000 and 2014, covering about 621 593 469 person-years. All cancer cases were coded as C33-C34 according to the International Classification of Diseases-10(th) Revision (ICD-10) were extracted for this analysis with about 343 663 patients. The incidence of different sex and regional population, the standardized incidence rate by Chinese population, the average annual change percentage (AAPC), the mean age and adjusted mean age of cancer incidence were calculated. The incidence of each year was described by regional and age groups, and the linear regression model was employed to analyze the relationship between mean age at onset and year. Results: The crude incidence rate and age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of lung cancer for men in cancer registry areas in 2000 were 56.98 per 100 000 and 48.43 per 100 000, respectively. The rates were 89.51 per 100 000 and 46.85 per 100 000 in 2014, respectively. For women in the same areas, the rates were 27.77 per 100 000 and 20.17 per 100 000 in 2000; while 51.31 per 100 000 and 25.44 per 100 000 in 2014, respectively. The crude incidence rate increased along with the age. In 2000-2014, the trend of crude rate and ASR of lung cancer were significantly increased (CR: AAPC=3.8%, 95%CI: 3.5%-4.1%; ASR: AAPC=0.4%, 95%CI: 0.2%-0.7%). The rise of crude rate in females was higher than that in males (Male: AAPC=3.5%, 95%CI: 3.2%-3.7%; Female: AAPC=4.5%, 95%CI: 4.1%-5.0%). However, the rise of the ASR declined for both male and female (Male: AAPC=-0.2%, 95%CI:-0.4%-0.0%; Female: AAPC=1.4%, 95%CI: 1.0%-1.9%). The average age at diagnosis of lung cancer in rural areas was 64.35 years old in 2000, and increased to 65.97 years old in 2014 (ß=0.11, P<0.001), while adjusted mean age at onset remained stable in all areas and urban areas (P>0.05). And the average age at onset increased significantly over time in male (ß=-0.02, P=0.014), which was not seen in female (ß=-0.01, P=0.522). Conclusion: The crude incidence rate of lung cancer in cancer registry areas in China increased slowly during 2000-2014; and the standardized average age of male at diagnosis decreased slightly, while the age in rural areas increased during 2000-2014. Lung cancer will still be the focus of cancer prevention and control in the near future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Idade de Início , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(6): 586-592, 2018 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886679

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the trend of cancer incidence and age changes among men in cancer registration areas of China from 2000 and 2014. Methods: We select the information of national cancer registry with continuous data from 2000 to 2014, review and organize the monitoring data at the above registries. A total of 22 monitoring registries were included in this study. The covering population of male were about 314 330 648 person years. The information on the incidence of all male prostate cancer patients with C61 was extracted from the International Classification of Diseases-10(th) Revision (ICD-10). To understand the incidence of male prostate cancer in each year, the age-standardized rate by Chinese population (ASR), average annual percent change (AAPC), adjusted mean age at onset were calculated. Incidence rates stratified by regions and age groups were also calculated. The linear regression model was employed to analyze the relationship between mean age at onset and year. Results: The prostate cancer incidence in China increased by 11.5% (95%CI: 10.3%-12.7%) from 2000(4.62/100 000) to 2014(21.62/100 000), the age-standardized incidence rate increased by 7.1% (95%CI: 6.0%-8.1%) and the growth of rural was greater than that of urban. The age-specific incidence showed that the incidence rate increased significantly among the age group of 50 years; the incidence rates in men who have the same age but with different birth years showed a significant increase as birth years increased. The adjusted mean age at diagnosis of prostate cancer in cancer registry areas was 74.09 years old in the year of 2000, reduced by 0.13 year old to 72.35 years old in 2014 (ß=-0.13, P<0.001). The adjusted mean age at onset declined significantly over time in urban areas (ß=-0.13, P<0.001). Conclusion: The trend of prostate cancer incidence among men in cancer registry regions generally increased, and the average age at diagnosis declined slightly from 2000 to 2014.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/epidemiologia , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 52(6): 593-600, 2018 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29886680

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the trends of cancer incidence and age changes in China with using cancer registration data, and to provide evidence for the development of cancer prevention and control. Methods: Twenty-two cancer registries with continuous (2000-2014) data were selected. The incidence of different sex and regional population, the standardized incidence rate by Chinese population, the average annual change percentage (AAPC) and annual change percentage(APC) were calculated. Age-period-cohort model were used to analyze the changes of cancer incidence, age-adjusted mean ages. The age-standardized proportion of 2000 and 2014 with were compared. Results: The cancer incidence in China increased by 3.9% (95%CI: 3.7%-4.1%) from 2000 to 2014 in APC, and the age-standardized incidence rate increased by 1.2% (95%CI: 1.0%-1.4%) in AAPC. The age-specific incidence showed that each age groups increased significantly in female, ranged between 0.9% to 6.0%. The APC in male aged from 60 years old showed decline trend, the APC in 60-69, 70-79, ≥80 years old were -0.2, -0.3, -0.3, while in the population aged 0-29, 30-39 years old increased dramatically, APC were 3.5, 2.0. Female under 60 also increased, and APC in 0-29, 30-39, 40-49, 0-59 years old were 5.7, 6.0, 3.4, 2.9, respectively. The mean age of patients diagnosed with cancer were increased during the past 15 years, with about 0.11 years per year increased. However, the mean age of the patients diagnosed with cancer showed decreased trend by 0.13 years after age structure adjusted. Conclusion: The trend of mean age for cancer incidence in China were getting younger than before, and the trend in women is more obviously than in man.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Adulto Jovem
15.
16.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(4): 241-246, 2018 Apr 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29730908

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of cervical cancer in China based on the cancer registry data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: There were 449 cancer registries submitted cervical cancer incidence and deaths in 2014 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 339 registries' data were accepted for analysis and stratified by areas (urban/rural) and age group. Combined with data on national population in 2014, the nationwide incidence and mortality of cervical cancer were estimated. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence/mortality rates. Results: Qualified 339 cancer registries covered a total of 288 243 347 populations (144 061 915 in urban and 144 181 432 in rural areas). The percentage of morphologically verified cases and death certificate-only cases were 86.07% and 1.01%, respectively. The mortality to incidence ratio was 0.30. The estimates of new cases were about 102 000 in China in 2014, with a crude incidence rate of 15.30/100 000. The age-standardized incidence rates by China standard population (ASR China) and world standard population (ASR world) of cervical cancer were 11.57/100 000 and 10.61/100 000, respectively. Cumulative incidence rate of cervical cancer in China was 1.11%. The crude and ASR China incidence rates in urban areas were 15.27/100 000 and 11.16/100 000, respectively, whereas those were 15.34/100 000 and 12.14/100 000 in rural areas. The estimates of cervical cancer deaths were about 30 400 in China in 2014, with a crude mortality rate of 4.57/100 000. The ASR China and ASR world mortality rates were 3.12/100 000 and 2.98/100 000, respectively, with a cumulative mortality rate (0-74 years old) of 0.33%. The crude and ASR China mortality rates were 4.44/100 000 and 2.92/100 000 in urban areas, respectively, whereas those were 4.72/100 000 and 3.39/100 000 in rural areas. Conclusions: There is still a heavy burden of cervical cancer in China. The burden and patterns of cervical cancer shows different characters of urban and rural people. Prevention and control strategies should be implemented referring to local status.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(4): 532-535, 2018 Apr 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29699052

RESUMO

Being an undisputed risk factor of cancer, air pollution is posing a huge threat to the health on human beings. In this article, we introduced the composition of air pollution, and the standards on air quality which was set by both World Health Organization and the Chinese government. We also summarized the most recent research findings on the association between air pollution and the risk of lung, breast, bladder and other major cancers.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/induzido quimicamente , Prevalência , Pesquisa/tendências , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(3): 166-171, 2018 Mar 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29575833

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of female breast cancer in China based on the cancer registration data in 2014, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR), and to provide support data for breast cancer prevention and control in China. Methods: There were 449 cancer registries submitting female breast cancer incidence and deaths data occurred in 2014 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 339 registries' data were accepted for analysis and stratified by areas (urban/rural) and age group. Combined with data on national population in 2014, the nationwide incidence and mortality of female breast cancer were estimated. Chinese population census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence/mortality rates. Results: Qualified 339 cancer registries covered a total of 288 243 347 populations (144 061 915 in urban and 144 181 432 in rural areas) in 2014. The morphology verified cases (MV%) accounted for 87.42% and 0.59% of incident cases were identified through death certifications only (DCO%), with mortality to incidence ratio of 0.24. The estimates of new breast cancer cases were about 278 900 in China in 2014, accounting for 16.51% of all new cases in female. The crude incidence rate, age-standardized rate of incidence by Chinese standard population (ASRIC), and age-standardized rate of incidence by world standard population (ASRIW) of breast cancer were 41.82/100 000, 30.69/100 000, and 28.77/100 000, respectively, with a cumulative incidence rate (0-74 age years old) of 3.12%. The crude incidence rates and ASRIC in urban areas were 49.94 per 100 000 and 34.85 per 100 000, respectively, whereas those were 31.72 per 100 000 and 24.89 per 100 000 in rural areas. The estimates of breast cancer deaths were about 66 000 in China in 2014, accounting for 7.82% of all the cancer-related deaths in female. The crude mortality rate, age-standardized rate of mortality by Chinese standard population(ASRMC) and age-standardized rate of mortality by world standard population (ASRMW) of breast cancer were 9.90/100 000, 6.53/100 000, and 6.35/100 000, respectively, with a cumulative mortality rate of 0.69%. The crude mortality rates and ASRMC in urban areas were 11.48 per 100 000 and 7.04 per 100 000, respectively, whereas those were 7.93 per 100 000 and 5.79 per 100 000 in rural areas. The incidence and mortality rates of breast cancer were higher in areas than those in rural areas. The age-specific incidence rates of breast cancer increased greatly after 20 years old and peaked at the age group of 55-60. The age-specific mortality rates increased rapidly with age, particularly after 25 years old. They remained at a relative stable level from 55 to 65 years of age, and then increased dramatically and peaked in the age group of 85 and above. Conclusions: Breast cancer is still one of the most common malignant tumor threatening to famale health in China. The disease is more prevalent in urban areas at the age group of 55-60. Comprehensive prevention and control strategies referring to local status and age groups should be carried out to reduce the burden of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos
19.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(1): 5-13, 2018 Jan 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29365411

RESUMO

Objective: The registration data of local cancer registries in 2014 were collected by National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR)in 2017 to estimate the cancer incidence and mortality in China. Methods: The data submitted from 449 registries were checked and evaluated, and the data of 339 registries out of them were qualified and selected for the final analysis. Cancer incidence and mortality were stratified by area, gender, age group and cancer type, and combined with the population data of 2014 to estimate cancer incidence and mortality in China. The age composition of standard population of Chinese census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardized incidence and mortality in China and worldwide, respectively. Results: Total covered population of 339 cancer registries (129 in urban and 210 in rural) in 2014 were 288 243 347 (144 061 915 in urban and 144 181 432 in rural areas). The mortality verified cases (MV%) were 68.01%. Among them, 2.19% cases were identified through death certifications only (DCO%), and the mortality to incidence ratio was 0.61. There were about 3, 804, 000 new cases diagnosed as malignant cancer and 2, 296, 000 cases dead in 2014 in the whole country. The incidence rate was 278.07/100, 000 (males 301.67/100, 000, females 253.29/100, 000) in China, age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASIRC) and by world standard population were 190.63/100, 000 and 186.53/100, 000, respectively, and the cumulative incidence rate (0-74 age years old) was 21.58%. The cancer incidence and ASIRC in urban areas were 302.13/100, 000 and 196.58/100, 000, respectively, whereas in rural areas, those were 248.94/100, 000 and 182.64/100, 000, respectively. The cancer mortality in China was 167.89/100, 000 (207.24/100, 000 in males and 126.54/100, 000 in females), age-standardized mortality rates by Chinese standard population (ASMRC) and by world standard population were 106.98/100, 000 and 106.09/100, 000, respectively. And the cumulative incidence rate (0-74 age years old) was 12.00%. The cancer mortality and ASMRC in urban areas were 174.34/100, 000 and 103.49/100, 000, respectively, whereas in rural areas, those were 160.07/100, 000 and 111.57/100, 000, respectively. Lung cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, liver cancer, female breast cancer, esophageal cancer, thyroid cancer, cervical cancer, encephala and pancreas cancer, were the most common cancers in China, accounting for about 77.00% of the new cancer cases. Lung cancer, liver cancer, gastric cancer, esophageal cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, breast cancer, encephala, leukemia and lymphoma were the leading causes of death and accounted for about 83.36% of cancer deaths. Conclusions: The progression of cancer registry in China develops rapidly in these years, with the coverage of registrations is expanded and the data quality was improved steadily year by year. As the basis of cancer prevention and control program, cancer registry plays an important role in making the medium and long term of anti-cancer strategies in China. As China is still facing the serious cancer burden and the cancer patterns varies differently according to the locations and genders, effective measures and strategies of cancer prevention and control should be implemented based on the practical situation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Esofágicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia/epidemiologia , Leucemia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 40(12): 894-899, 2018 Dec 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30605978

RESUMO

Objective: The incidence and mortality of gallbladder cancer from Chinese cancer registries in 2014 were analyzed to describe the prevalence of gallbladder cancer in China. Methods: Incidence and mortality data of gallbladder cancer in 2014 derived from registration data in 2017, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Qualified data from 339 cancer registries were calculated after evaluating. According to the national population data of 2014, the gallbladder cancer incidence and mortality of China in 2014 were stratified by the area, gender and age.The age composition of standard population of Chinese census in 2000 and Segi's population were used for age-standardizes incidence and mortality in China and worldwide. Results: 339 cancer registries cover a total of 288 243 347 population including 146 203 891 males and 142 039 456 females (144 061 915 in urban and 144 181 432 in rural areas). The mortality to incidence ratio of gallbladder cancer was 0.74. The morphologically verified cases (MV%) and death certificate-only cases (DCO%) were 48.38% and 2.66%, respectively. Unclear diagnosis cases (UB%) was 0.48%. The crude incidence of gallbladder cancer in China in 2014 was 3.82/100 000, which accounted for 1.37% of new cancer cases (4.48/100 000 in urban areas and 3.01/100 000 in rural areas, 3.59/100 000 for male and 4.05/100 000 for female). Age-standardized incidence rates by Chinese standard population (ASR China) and world standard population (ASR world) were 2.38/100 000 and 2.37/100 000, respectively, and the cumulative incidence rate (0-74 age years old) was 0.27%.Besides, the crude mortality of gallbladder cancer was 2.86/100 000 (3.47/100 000 in urban areas and 2.12/100 000 in rural areas, 2.59/100 000 for male and 3.14/100 000 for female). Age-standardized mortality rates by ASR China and ASR world were 1.72/100 000 and 1.71/100 000, with a cumulative mortality rate (0-74 age years old) of 0.19%. Conclusion: The incidence and mortality of gallbladder cancer were significantly different between the city and country, while not obviously different between the female and male.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
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