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1.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(32): 4753-4762, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921955

RESUMO

The outbreak of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has resulted in global emergence. With the expansion of related research, in addition to respiratory symptoms, digestive system involvement such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea have also been reported with COVID-19. Besides, abnormal liver function is also frequent in biochemical tests of COVID-19 patients, which is correlated with the severity and mortality of the disease course. The etiology of liver injury in patients with COVID-19 might include viral immunologic injury, drug-induced liver injury, the systemic inflammatory response, hypoxic hepatitis, and the exacerbation of preexisting liver disease. Although liver injuries in COVID-19 are often transient and reversible, health workers need to pay attention to preexisting liver disease, monitor liver function, strengthen supportive treatment, and reduce the chance of drug-induced liver injury. This article reviews the epidemiological characteristics, etiology, management, and preventive strategies for liver injury in patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Hepatopatias/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/virologia , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia
2.
Clin Chim Acta ; 502: 111-115, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We estimated the incidence of CH in twins, analyse the clinical features of CH cases in twins and further evaluate the CH screening strategy and recall procedures for twins. METHODS: A retrospective investigation of the screening results and confirmed cases in 724,791 newborns was conducted from 2015 to 2017 in Guangzhou. Clinical features were compared between twins with CH and singletons with CH. In addition, the twins were further divided into same-sex twins and different-sex twins to analyse the characteristics and incidence of CH and to compare differences in the confirmed cases in the 2 groups. RESULTS: The incidence of CH in same-sex twins was 1/593, which was much higher than the incidence of CH in singletons (1/1323) and different-sex twins (1/3060). Of the 20 twins diagnosed with CH, 17 were same-sex twins and 3 were different-sex twins. Among the six pairs of same-sex twins with CH, four had TSH inconsistency, which reached 67%. Eight of the 17 cases of same-sex twins diagnosed with CH had negative results at the first screening. CONCLUSIONS: Distinguishing same-sex twins from different-sex twins during newborn screening is more feasible. The incidence of CH in same-sex twins is much higher than that in the general population and the risk of transient CH is relatively high. In positive cases in same-sex twins, the simultaneous recall of the twin can effectively avoid a missed diagnosis. The screening center should properly evaluate the recall strategy and screening procedure for twins, especially twins of the same-sex.


Assuntos
Hipotireoidismo Congênito/diagnóstico , Triagem Neonatal , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , China , Hipotireoidismo Congênito/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
3.
J Transl Med ; 16(1): 166, 2018 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914513

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A model was constructed using clinical and serum variables to discriminate between chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with and without significant necroinflammatory activity (score 4-18 vs. score 0-3). METHODS: Consecutive CHB patients who underwent liver biopsy were divided into two sequential groups: a training group (n = 401) and a validation group (n = 401). Multivariate analysis identified alanine aminotransferase, γ-glutamyltransferase, prothrombin time and albumin as independent predictors of necroinflammatory activity. RESULTS: The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.826 for the training group and 0.847 for the validation group. Using a cut-off score of H ≤ 0.375, significant necroinflammatory activity (score 4-18) was excluded with high accuracy [78.2% negative predictive value (NPV), 72% positive predictive value (PPV), and 90.8% sensitivity] in 238 (59.4%) of 401 patients in the training group and with the same certainty (88.1% NPV, 61.2% PPV, and 95.1% sensitivity) among 204 (50.9%) of 401 patients in the validation group. Similarly, applying a cut-off score of H > 0.720, significant necroinflammatory activity was correctly identified with high accuracy (90.8% PPV, 57.7% NPV, and 92.0% specificity) in 150 (37.4%) of 401 patients in the training group and with the same certainty (91.8% PPV, 64.6% NPV, and 95.4% specificity) in 188 (46.9%) of 401 patients in the validation group. CONCLUSIONS: A predictive model based on easily accessible variables identified CHB patients with and without significant necroinflammatory activity with a high degree of accuracy. This model may decrease the need for liver biopsy for necroinflammatory activity grading in 72.1% of CHB patients.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Inflamação/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Modelos Biológicos , Adulto , Biópsia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Int J Mol Med ; 42(1): 443-452, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29568887

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to uncover the role of leukocytic DNA methylation in the evaluation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD (n=35) and normal controls (n=30) were recruited from Chinese Han population. Their DNA methylation in peripheral leukocytes was subjected to genome-wide profiling. The association between differential methylation of CpG sites and NAFLD was further investigated on the basis of histopathological classification, bioinformatics, and pyrosequencing. A panel of 863 differentially methylated CpG sites dominated by global hypomethylation, characterized the NAFLD patients. Hypomethylated CpG sites of Acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) (cg15536552) and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1C (CPT1C) (cg21604803) associated with the increased risk of NAFLD [cg15536552, odds ratio (OR): 11.44, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.04­125.37, P=0.046; cg21604803, OR: 6.57, 95% CI: 1.02-42.15, P=0.047] at cut-off ß-values of <3.36 (ACSL4 cg15536552) and <3.54 (CPT1C cg21604803), respectively, after the adjustment of age, sex, body mass index (BMI) and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistant (HOMA-IR). Their methylation levels also served as biomarkers of NAFLD (ACSL4 cg15536552, AUC: 0.80, 95% CI: 0.62-0.98, P=0.009; CPT1C cg21604803, AUC: 0.78, 95% CI: 0.65-0.91, P=0.001). Pathologically, lowered methylation level (ß-values <3.26) of ACSL4 (cg15536552) conferred susceptibility to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Taken together, genome-wide hypomethylation of peripheral leukocytes may differentiate NAFLD patients from normal controls. The leukocytic hypomethylated ACSL4 (cg15536552) was suggested to be a biomarker for the pathological characteristics of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA/genética , Genoma Humano , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Loci Gênicos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/classificação , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Transdução de Sinais
5.
Hepatobiliary Pancreat Dis Int ; 16(4): 375-381, 2017 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28823367

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gut microbiota plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to assess the contribution of gut microbiota dysbiosis to the pathogenesis of NAFLD. METHODS: Forty-seven human feces samples (25 NAFLD patients and 22 healthy subjects) were collected and 16S rDNA amplicon sequencing was conducted on Hiseq 2000 platform. Discrepancy of species composition between controls and NAFLD group was defined by Metastats analysis under P value <0.01. RESULTS: NAFLD patients harbored lower gut microbiota diversity than healthy subjects did. In comparison to the control group, the Proteobacteria (13.50%) and Fusobacteria (2.76%) phyla were more abundant in NAFLD patients. Additionally, the Lachnospiraceae (21.90%), Enterobacteriaceae (12.02%), Erysipelotrichaceae (3.83%), and Streptococcaceae (1.39%) families, as well as the Escherichia_Shigella (10.84%), Lachnospiraceae_Incertae_Sedis (7.79%), and Blautia (4.95%) genera were enriched in the NAFLD group. However, there was a lower abundance of Prevotella in the NAFLD group than that in the control group (5.83% vs 27.56%, P<0.01). The phylum Bacteroidetes (44.63%) also tended to be more abundant in healthy subjects, and the families Prevotellaceae (28.66%) and Ruminococcaceae (26.44%) followed the same trend. Compared to those without non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), patients with NASH had higher abundance of genus Blautia (5.82% vs 2.25%; P=0.01) and the corresponding Lachnospiraceae family (24.33% vs 14.21%; P<0.01). Patients with significant fibrosis had a higher abundance of genus Escherichia_Shigella (12.53% vs 1.97%; P<0.01) and the corresponding Enterobacteriaceae family (13.92% vs 2.07%; P<0.01) compared to those with F0/F1 fibrosis. CONCLUSIONS: NAFLD patients and healthy subjects harbor varying gut microbiota. In contrast to the results of previous research on children, decreased levels of Prevotella might be detrimental for adults with NAFLD. The increased level of the genus Blautia, the family Lachnospiraceae, the genus Escherichia_Shigella, and the family Enterobacteriaceae may be a primary contributor to NAFLD progression.


Assuntos
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Disbiose , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Intestinos/microbiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/microbiologia , Adulto , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Estudos de Casos e Controles , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Progressão da Doença , Fezes/microbiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Ribotipagem
6.
J Diabetes Res ; 2017: 4740124, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28695131

RESUMO

PNPLA3 polymorphisms serve as the genetic basis of hepatic steatosis in normal population and lead to dysregulated glucose metabolism. Whether it underlies the hepatic steatosis and glucose homeostasis in chronic hepatitis B patients remains uncertain. Here, we investigated the PNPLA3 polymorphisms in biopsy-proven chronic hepatitis B patients with (CHB+HS group, n = 52) or without hepatic steatosis (CHB group, n = 47) and non-CHB subjects with (HS group, n = 37) or without hepatic steatosis (normal group, n = 45). When compared to the TT genotype, C-allele at PNPLA3 rs1010023 (CC and TC genotypes) conferred higher risk to hepatic steatosis in chronic hepatitis B patients (odds ratio (OR) = 1.768, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.027-3.105; P = 0.045) independent of age, gender, and body mass index. In contrast to their role in hepatic steatosis, CC and TC genotypes of PNPLA3 rs1010023 were correlated to significant improvement of homeostasis model assessment index (HOMA-IR) as compared to TT genotype in the CHB+HS group. Downregulated fasting blood glucose also characterized the CHB+HS patients with C-allele at PNPLA3 rs1010023 (CC/TC versus TT: 4.81 ± 0.92 mmol/L versus 5.86 ± 2.11 mmol/L, P = 0.02). These findings suggest that PNPLA3 rs1010023 may predispose chronic hepatitis B patients to hepatic steatosis but protects them from glucose dysregulation by attenuating insulin resistance.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Lipase/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
7.
Dig Dis Sci ; 61(8): 2284-2293, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27059980

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: The association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and apolipoprotein C3 gene (APOC3) promoter region single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs2854117 and rs2854116 is controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between other polymorphisms of APOC3 and NAFLD in Chinese. METHODS: Fifty-nine liver biopsy-proven NAFLD patients and 72 healthy control subjects were recruited to a cohort representing Chinese Han population. The polymorphisms in the exons and flanking regions of APOC3 and patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing protein 3 (PNPLA3) rs738409 polymorphisms were genotyped. RESULTS: Among the five SNPs (rs4225, rs4520, rs5128, rs2070666, and rs2070667) in APOC3, only rs2070666 (c.179 + 62 T/A) was significantly different in genotype and allele frequency (both p < 0.01) between groups of NAFLD and control. After adjusting for sex, age, serum triglycerides, total cholesterol, body mass index, and the PNPLA3 rs738409 polymorphism, the APOC3 rs2070666 A allele was an independent risk factor for NAFLD with an odds ratio (OR) of 3.683 and 95 % confidence interval (CI) of 1.037-13.084. The APOC3 rs2070666 A allele was linked to the fourth quartile of the controlled attenuation parameter values (OR 2.769, 95 % CI 1.002-7.651) in 131 subjects, and also linked to the significant histological steatosis (OR 4.986, 95 % CI 1.020-24.371), but neither to liver stiffness measurement values nor to hepatic histological activity and fibrosis in NAFLD patients. CONCLUSIONS: The APOC3 rs2070666 A allele is a risk factor for NAFLD independent of obesity, dyslipidemia, and PNPLA3 rs738409, and it might contribute to increased liver fat content in Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteína C-III/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Adulto , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colesterol/sangue , Dislipidemias/sangue , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Lipase/genética , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Obesidade/sangue , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Triglicerídeos/sangue , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
8.
Sci Rep ; 6: 19076, 2016 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26743949

RESUMO

Many studies suggest that trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), a gut-flora-dependent metabolite of choline, contributes to the risk of cardiovascular diseases, but little is known for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We examined the association of circulating TMAO, choline and betaine with the presence and severity of NAFLD in Chinese adults. We performed a hospital-based case-control study (CCS) and a cross-sectional study (CSS). In the CCS, we recruited 60 biopsy-proven NAFLD cases and 35 controls (18-60 years) and determined serum concentrations of TMAO, choline and betaine by HPLC-MS/MS. For the CSS, 1,628 community-based adults (40-75 years) completed the blood tests and ultrasonographic NAFLD evaluation. In the CCS, analyses of covariance showed adverse associations of ln-transformed serum levels of TMAO, choline and betaine/choline ratio with the scores of steatosis and total NAFLD activity (NAS) (all P-trend <0.05). The CSS revealed that a greater severity of NAFLD was independently correlated with higher TMAO but lower betaine and betaine/choline ratio (all P-trend <0.05). No significant choline-NAFLD association was observed. Our findings showed adverse associations between the circulating TMAO level and the presence and severity of NAFLD in hospital- and community-based Chinese adults, and a favorable betaine-NAFLD relationship in the community-based participants.


Assuntos
Betaína/sangue , Colina/sangue , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Metilaminas/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Colina/biossíntese , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Ultrassonografia
9.
World J Gastroenterol ; 21(28): 8605-14, 2015 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26229402

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association of PNPLA3 polymorphisms with concurrent chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: A cohort of Han patients with biopsy-proven CHB, with or without NAFLD (CHB group, n = 51; CHB + NAFLD group, n = 57), and normal controls (normal group, n = 47) were recruited from Northern (Tianjin), Central (Shanghai), and Southern (Zhangzhou) China. Their PNPLA3 polymorphisms were genotyped by gene sequencing. The association between PNPLA3 polymorphisms and susceptibility to NAFLD, and clinical characteristics of NAFLD were evaluated on the basis of physical indices, liver function tests, glycolipid metabolism, and histopathologic scoring. The association of PNPLA3 polymorphisms and hepatitis B virus (HBV) load was determined by the serum level of HBV DNA. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, sex, and body mass index, we found that four linked single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of PNPLA3, including the rs738409 G allele (CHB + NAFLD group vs CHB group: odds ratio [OR] = 2.77, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.18-6.54; P = 0.02), rs3747206 T allele (CHB + NAFLD group vs CHB group: OR = 2.77, 95%CI: 1.18-6.54; P = 0.02), rs4823173 A allele (CHB + NAFLD group vs CHB group: OR = 2.73, 95%CI: 1.16-6.44; P = 0.02), and rs2072906 G allele (CHB + NAFLD group vs CHB group: OR = 3.05, 95%CI: 1.28-7.26; P = 0.01), conferred high risk to NAFLD in CHB patients. In patients with both CHB and NAFLD, these genotypes of PNPLA3 polymorphisms were associated with increased susceptibility to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) (NAFLD activity score ≥ 3; P = 0.01-0.03) and liver fibrosis (> 1 Metavir grading; P = 0.01-0.04). As compared to those with C/C and C/G at rs738409, C/C and C/T at rs3747206, G/G and G/A at rs4823173, and A/A and A/G at rs2072906, patients in the CHB + NAFLD group with G/G at rs738409, T/T at rs3747206, A/A at rs4823173, and G/G at rs2072906 showed significantly lower serum levels of HBV DNA (P < 0.01-0.05). CONCLUSION: Four linked SNPs of PNPLA3 (rs738409, rs3747206, rs4823173, and rs2072906) are correlated with susceptibility to NAFLD, NASH, liver fibrosis, and HBV dynamics in CHB patients.


Assuntos
DNA Viral/genética , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Lipase/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , DNA Viral/sangue , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/etnologia , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/etnologia , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etnologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/virologia , Razão de Chances , Fenótipo , Fatores de Risco , Carga Viral , Adulto Jovem
10.
Liver Int ; 35(11): 2392-400, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25689614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) is a non-invasive method for evaluating hepatic steatosis. However, larger skin capsular distance (SCD) can affect the accuracy. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of SCD on the diagnostic performance of CAP and liver stiffness measurement (LSM). METHODS: Of 101 patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and 280 patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) who underwent liver biopsy were prospectively recruited. CAP, LSM and SCD were performed using FibroScan with M probe. The areas under receiver operating characteristics curves (AUROCs) were calculated to determine the diagnostic efficacy. The optimal thresholds were defined by the maximum Youden index. RESULTS: SCD (B 30.34, P < 0.001) and hepatic steatosis (B 23.04, P < 0.001) were independently associated with CAP by multivariate analysis. The AUROCs were slightly higher for SCD <25 mm compared to those for SCD ≥25 mm for steatosis ≥5% (0.88 vs. 0.81), >33% (0.90 vs. 0.85) and >66% (0.84 vs. 0.72). For SCD <25 mm, the optimal CAP cut-offs for differentiating steatosis ≥5%, >33% and >66% were 255.0 dB/m, 283.5 dB/m and 293.5 dB/m. However, cut-offs were elevated by approximately 60-70 dB/m for SCD ≥25 mm. When stratified by fibrosis grade, LSM was significantly affected by SCD ≥25 mm for advanced fibrosis (≥F3) in NAFLD, but not in CHB. CONCLUSION: CAP is a promising tool for detecting and quantifying hepatic steatosis. SCD ≥25 mm may cause overestimation of steatosis. Similarly, SCD ≥25 mm affects the detection of advanced fibrosis by LSM in NAFLD patients.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade/métodos , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Pele/patologia , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Biópsia , Índice de Massa Corporal , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
11.
World J Gastroenterol ; 20(16): 4702-11, 2014 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24782622

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the performance of a novel non-invasive controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) to assess liver steatosis. METHODS: This was a multi-center prospective cohort study. Consecutive patients (aged ≥ 18 years) who had undergone percutaneous liver biopsy and CAP measurement were recruited from three Chinese liver centers. Steatosis was categorized as S0: < 5%; S1: 5%-33%; S2: 34%-66%; or S3: ≥ 67%, according to the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) activity score. The FibroScan(®) 502 equipped with the M probe (Echosens, Paris, France) was used to capture both CAP and liver stiffness measurement values simultaneously. Receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted, and the areas under the curves were calculated to determine the diagnostic efficacy. The accuracy of the CAP values at the optimal thresholds was defined by maximizing the sum of sensitivity and specificity (maximum Youden index). RESULTS: A total of 152 patients were recruited, including 52 (34.2%) patients with NAFLD and 100 (65.8%) with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) virus infection. After adjustment, the steatosis grade (OR = 37.12; 95%CI: 21.63-52.60, P < 0.001) and body mass index (BMI, OR = 6.20; 95%CI: 2.92-9.48, P < 0.001) were found independently associated with CAP by multivariate linear regression analysis. CAP was not influenced by inflammation, fibrosis or aetiology. The median CAP values and interquartile ranges among patients with S0, S1, S2 and S3 steatosis were 211 (181-240) dB/m, 270 (253-305) dB/m, 330 (302-360) dB/m, and 346 (313-363) dB/m, respectively. The cut-offs for the CAP values in all patients with steatosis ≥ 5%, ≥ 34% and ≥ 67% were 253 dB/m, 285 dB/m and 310 dB/m, respectively. The areas under the curves were 0.92, 0.92 and 0.88 for steatosis ≥ 5%, ≥ 34% and ≥ 67%, respectively. No significant differences were found in the CAP values between the NAFLD group and the CHB group in each steatosis grade. CONCLUSION: CAP appears to be a promising tool for the non-invasive detection and quantification of hepatic steatosis, but is limited by BMI.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Fígado/patologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Adulto , Área Sob a Curva , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Biópsia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/etnologia , Razão de Chances , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
12.
J Nutr Biochem ; 25(3): 329-36, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24456734

RESUMO

Aberrant DNA methylation contributes to the abnormality of hepatic gene expression, one of the main factors in the pathogenesis of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Betaine is a methyl donor and has been considered to be a lipotropic agent. However, whether betaine supplementation improves NAFLD via its effect on the DNA methylation of specific genes and the genome has not been explored. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed either a control diet or high-fat diet (HFD) supplemented with 0%, 1% and 2% betaine in water (wt/vol) for 12 weeks. Betaine supplementation ameliorated HFD-induced hepatic steatosis in a dose-dependent manner. HFD up-regulated FAS and ACOX messenger RNA (mRNA) expression and down-regulated PPARα, ApoB and MTTP mRNA expression; however, these alterations were reversed by betaine supplementation, except ApoB. MTTP mRNA expression was negatively correlated with the DNA methylation of its CpG sites at -184, -156, -63 and -60. Methylation of these CpG sites was lower in both the 1% and 2% betaine-supplemented groups than in the HFD group (averages; 25.55% and 14.33% vs. 30.13%). In addition, both 1% and 2% betaine supplementation significantly restored the methylation capacity [S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) concentration and SAM/S-adenosylhomocysteine ratios] and genomic methylation level, which had been decreased by HFD (0.37% and 0.47% vs. 0.25%). These results suggest that the regulation of aberrant DNA methylation by betaine might be a possible mechanism of the improvements in NAFLD upon betaine supplementation.


Assuntos
Betaína/farmacologia , Metilação de DNA , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fígado Gorduroso/prevenção & controle , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Nucleotídeos de Timina/genética , Animais , Betaína/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
13.
J Transl Med ; 11: 234, 2013 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24289155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Due to known limitations of liver biopsy, reliable non-invasive serum biomarkers for chronic liver diseases are needed. We performed serum peptidomics for such investigation in compensated chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. METHODS: Liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) was used to identify differentially expressed peptides in sera from 40 CHB patients (20 with S0G0-S1G1 and 20 with S3G3-S4G4). Ion pair quantification from differentially expressed peptides in a validation set of sera from 86 CHB patients was done with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM). RESULTS: 21 differentially represented peptide peaks were found through LC-MS/MS. Ion pairs generated from eleven of these peptides (m/z < 800) were quantified by MRM. Summed peak area ratios of 6 ion pairs from peptide m/z 520.3 (176.1, 353.7, 459.8, 503.3, 351.3, 593.1), which was identified as dihydroxyacetone kinase (DAK) fragment, decreased from mild to advanced stages of fibrosis or inflammation. Area Under Receiver Operating Characteristic Curves (AUROCs) of five ion models discriminating fibrosis degrees were 0.871 ~ 0.915 (S2-4 versus S0-1) and 0.804 ~ 0.924 (S3-4 versus S0-2). AUROCs discriminating inflammation grades were 0.840 ~ 0.902 (G2-4 versus G0-1) and 0.787 ~ 0.888 (G3-4 versus G0-2). The diagnostic power of these models provides improved sensitivity and specificity for predicting disease progression as compared to aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio index (APRI), FIB-4, Forn's index and serum DAK protein. CONCLUSIONS: The peptide fragment (m/z 520.3) of DAK is a promising biomarker to guide timing of antiviral treatment and to avoid liver biopsy in compensated CHB patients.


Assuntos
Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Peptídeos/sangue , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/sangue , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Área Sob a Curva , Cromatografia Líquida , Hepatite B Crônica/diagnóstico , Hepatite B Crônica/enzimologia , Humanos , Íons , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Peptídeos/química , Fosfotransferases (Aceptor do Grupo Álcool)/química , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
14.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 21(1): 62-5, 2013 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23663766

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore risk factors of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in men in order to provide a theoretical basis for developing more effective NAFLD prevention and control strategies. METHODS: One-hundred-and-two male patients (37.3+/-11.4 years old) hospitalized with NAFLD at the Dongnan Affiliated Hospital of Xiamen University between January 2009 and December 2010 were enrolled in the study, along with 23 age-matched healthy men (34.4+/-16.7 years old) to serve as the control group. The correlation(s) of body mass index (BMI; overweight defined as more than or equal to 22.717 kg/m2), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR; central obesity defined as more than or equal to 0.866), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglyceride (TG), and total cholesterol (TC) with NAFLD was analyzed by univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to select proper thresholds for classification. RESULTS: BMI, WC, WHR, FPG, TG, and TC were significantly different between the cases and controls (P less than 0.01). BMI, WC, WHR, TG and TC were identified as risk factors of NAFLD in these male cases (P less than 0.01). Relative to WC, TG and TC, both BMI and WHR had significant predictive value for NAFLD (odds ratio (OR) = 10.819 and 10.588, respectively). In addition, BMI had the highest diagnostic value for the prediction of NAFLD (area under the curve (AUC) = 0.931) followed by WHR (AUC = 0.879). CONCLUSION: BMI, WC, WHR, TG, and TC are risk factors of NAFLD in Chinese men. BMI and WHR are effective anthroposomatology indices of NAFLD and may be useful factors on which to base future prevention and early diagnosis strategies for NAFLD in males.


Assuntos
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Relação Cintura-Quadril , Índice de Massa Corporal , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
15.
Int J Med Sci ; 10(5): 641-6, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23569427

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore clinical and virological characteristics of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with hepatic steatosis in order to provide a theoretical basis for the prevention and control of hepatic steatosis. METHODS: A total of 360 CHB inpatients were recruited from Affiliated Dongnan Hospital of Xiamen University and divided into hepatic steatosis group and non-hepatic steatosis group. The body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), fasting blood glucose (FBG), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg), hepatitis B virus DNA (HBV DNA) and hepatic histological changes were detected and compared between the two groups. The association of these factors with hepatic steatosis was evaluated in CHB patients. RESULTS: BMI, FPG, TG, TC, GGT, AST and HBV DNA showed statistically significant differences between two groups (P<0.01). The patients with hepatic steatosis had markedly higher BMI, FBG, TG and TC than those without steatosis did. No significant differences were found in ALT and HBeAg between two groups (P>0.05). In male patients, there was marked difference in the WHR between two groups (P < 0.01), which was not found in female patients (P > 0.05). The severity of hepatic steatosis increased in patients with hepatic steatosis, compared to those without steatosis (P < 0.01), but the severities of inflammation and fibrosis in the non-hepatic steatosis group were dramatically higher than those in the hepatic steatosis group (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: BMI, WHR, FBG, TG and TC appeared to be influencing factors of CHB combined with hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis in CHB patients was closely related to changes in anthropometric indices and metabolic factors but not HBV. It is necessary to improve these factors to effectively prevent hepatic steatosis in CHB patients.


Assuntos
Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B Crônica/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Glicemia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Colesterol/sangue , Jejum , Fígado Gorduroso/sangue , Fígado Gorduroso/complicações , Fígado Gorduroso/virologia , Feminino , Antígenos E da Hepatite B/sangue , Vírus da Hepatite B/isolamento & purificação , Vírus da Hepatite B/patogenicidade , Hepatite B Crônica/sangue , Hepatite B Crônica/complicações , Hepatite B Crônica/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Relação Cintura-Quadril , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
16.
Hepatol Res ; 43(5): 441-51, 2013 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23006433

RESUMO

AIM: As liver biopsy has considerable limitations in the assessment of liver fibrosis, non-invasive models have achieved great progress in the past. However, many tests consist of variables that are not readily available, and there are few data about patients with hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) negative chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The aim of this study was to develop a model using routine data to predict liver fibrosis in HBeAg negative CHB patients. METHODS: We randomly divided 349 patients who underwent liver biopsy into training (n = 200) and validation (n = 149) sets. Multivariable logistic regression and receiver-operator curve (ROC) analyses were used to develop a model for predicting both significant fibrosis (stages 2-4) and cirrhosis (stage 4) in the training set. The model was validated in 149 patients in comparison to FIB-4, Forn's, S and aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index indices using ROC. RESULTS: Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the parameters of the model for predicting both significant fibrosis and cirrhosis included sex, age, prothrombin time, platelet count, cholesterol and γ-glutamyltransferase. In the training set, the areas under the ROC (AUC) for predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis were 0.856 and 0.956, respectively. In the validation group, the AUC for predicting significant fibrosis and cirrhosis were 0.889 and 0.937, respectively. Using the best cut-off values, significant fibrosis and cirrhosis can be accurately predicted in 40.9% and 91.3% of patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our model can accurately predict both significant fibrosis and cirrhosis and may decrease the need of liver biopsy in a considerable proportion of patients with HBeAg negative CHB.

17.
Pediatr Res ; 73(3): 263-7, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23222907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Suppressor of cytokine signaling-1 and -3 (SOCS-1 and SOCS-3) are two important negative regulators in the insulin-signaling pathway, and their overexpression may aggravate insulin resistance. Subjects with insulin resistance are often obese and have increased expressions of SOCS-1 and SOCS-3. We speculated that SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 may be involved in abnormal deposition of adipose tissues during insulin resistance. METHODS: A catch-up growth intrauterine growth retardation (CG-IUGR) rat model with insulin resistance was established; mRNA and protein expression of SOCS-1, SOCS-3, the CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBPα), and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPARγ) in adipose tissue were measured by real-time PCR and western blot; plasmids carrying small hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) targeting the SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 genes were constructed and transfected into preadipocytes, which were then induced to mature. At 72 h after differentiation was induced, the expressions of C/EBPα and PPARγ, two important molecules promoting the differentiation of preadipocytes, were detected. RESULTS: Expressions of SOCS-1, SOCS-3, C/EBPα, and PPARγ were markedly increased in adipose tissues of CG-IUGR rats, whereas the expressions of C/EBPα and PPARγ were significantly reduced after gene silencing of SOCS-1 or SOCS-3 in adipocytes. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of SOCS-1 and SOCS-3 may enhance the expression of C/EBPα and PPARγ, resulting in abnormal deposition of adipose tissues during insulin resistance.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/fisiologia , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , PPAR gama/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras da Sinalização de Citocina/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Processos de Crescimento Celular/fisiologia , Primers do DNA/genética , Inativação Gênica , Ratos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Proteína 1 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocina , Proteína 3 Supressora da Sinalização de Citocinas , Proteínas Supressoras da Sinalização de Citocina/genética
18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23002541

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the influences of Mannose binding protein (MBP) gene polymorphisms on HBV DNA loads and on the progression of liver disease in patients with chronic HBV infection. METHOD: The Codons on 54 MBP gene polymorphisms and HBV DNA loads in a cohort of 395 patients with chronic HBV infection, including 244 with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 151 with liver cirrhosis (LC) and 88 normal controls were examined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and fluorescent quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR). RESULT: The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC in CHB group showed no significant differences comparing to the normal control group (P > 0.05). The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC on CHB group (severe), compensation phase of LC group and decompensation phase of LC group were higher than those in the normal control group (P < 0.05), the genetic polymorphism of decompensation of LC was 36.5%, highest of all. The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC of patients with chronic HBV infection were not changed with the differences of HBV-DNA loads. CONCLUSION: The codes on 54 MBP gene polymorphisms is not closely related to HBV DNA loads, but was associated with the progression of hepatitis B infection.


Assuntos
DNA Viral/análise , Hepatite B Crônica/genética , Lectina de Ligação a Manose/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 14(7): 543-7, 2012 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22809612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study changes of glycolipid metabolism and adipocyte function in an catch-up growth intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) rat model. METHODS: IUGR rat model was established by maternal nutrition restriction during pregnancy. Newborn IUGR pups were used as IUGR group, and normal newborn pups were used as control group (appropriate for gestational age, AGA group). At age of 12 weeks, plasma samples were collected for the test of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), adiponectin and acylation stimulating protein (ASP). Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed for the test of glucose and insulin levels, and insulin resistance index (IRI) was calculated. Expression of glucose transfer 4 (GLUT-4) in adipocytes was examined by confocal microscopy. RESULTS: Body weight and BMI in the IUGR group were significantly higher than in the AGA group by 12 weeks (P<0.01), and plasma TC, TG and LDL-C levels in the IUGR group were higher than in the AGA group, but HDL-C was lower (P<0.05). In the OGTT test, blood glucose level and IRI score in the IUGR group were higher than in the AGA group (P<0.05). Compared with the AGA group, the IUGR group had a higher ASP level (P<0.05) and a lower adiponection level (P<0.05). GLUT4 expression in the adipocytes was significantly lower in the IUGR group than in the AGA group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Catch-up growth may be obviously noted in IUGR rats after birth. Both hyperlipidaemia and insulin resistance occur at age of 12 weeks. Dysfunction of adipocytes decreased expression of GLUT-4 may be risk factors for insulin resistance in IUGR rats.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/fisiologia , Metabolismo dos Carboidratos , Retardo do Crescimento Fetal/fisiopatologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Índice de Massa Corporal , Peso Corporal , Feminino , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/análise , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
20.
Gastroenterol Res Pract ; 2012: 362147, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22701476

RESUMO

Objective. To investigate the anthropometric indicators that can effectively predict the nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Methods. The height, body weight, waist and hip circumference were measured, and body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height (WHtR) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) were calculated. M-H chi square test, logistic regression analysis, and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve were employed for the analysis of risk factors. Patients or Materials. 490 patients were recruited, of whom 250 were diagnosed as NAFLD and 240 as non-NAFLD (control group). Results. Compared with the control group, the BMI, WHR, and WHtR were significantly higher in patients with NAFLD. Logistic regression analysis showed that BMI and WHR were effective prognostic factors of NAFLD. In addition, WHR plays a more important role in prediction of NAFLD by the area under curve. Conclusion. WHR is closely related to the occurrence of NAFLD. We assume that WHR is beneficial for the diagnosis NAFLD.

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