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1.
Chemosphere ; 286(Pt 3): 131963, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34426263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to air pollution has been linked with altered immune function in adults, but little is known about its effects on early life. This study aimed to investigate the effects of exposure to air pollution during prenatal and postnatal windows on cell-mediated immune function in preschoolers. METHODS: Pre-school aged children (2.9 ± 0.5 y old, n = 391) were recruited from a mother-child cohort study in Wuhan, China. We used a spatial-temporal land use regression (LUR) model to estimate exposures of particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters ≤2.5 µm (PM2.5) and ≤10 µm (PM10), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) during the specific trimesters of pregnancy and the first two postnatal years. We measured peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and plasma cytokines as indicators of cellular immune function. We used multiple informant models to examine the associations of prenatal and postnatal exposures to air pollution with cell-mediated immune function. RESULTS: Prenatal exposures to PM2.5, PM10, and NO2 during early pregnancy were negatively associated with %CD3+ and %CD3+CD8+ cells, and during late pregnancy were positively associated with %CD3+ cells. Postnatal exposures to these air pollutants during 1-y or 2-y childhood were positively associated with IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, and TNF-α. We also observed that the associations of prenatal or postnatal air pollution exposures with cellular immune responses varied by child's sex. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that exposure to air pollution during different critical windows of early life may differentially alter cellular immune responses, and these effects appear to be sex-specific.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Poluição do Ar/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Masculino , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Material Particulado/análise , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Gravidez
2.
Environ Int ; 146: 106305, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395947

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) can cause detrimental effects on fetal growth. However, the effects of BPA alternatives, such as bisphenol F (BPF) and bisphenol S (BPS), on fetal growth are less known. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships of prenatal BPA, BPF, and BPS exposures with fetal growth parameters and gestational age. METHODS: Urinary BPA, BPF, and BPS were measured in 1,197 pregnant women before delivery in a Chinese cohort. The associations of prenatal exposure to BPA, BPF, and BPS with fetal growth parameters and gestational age were examined, and associations stratified by fetal sex were also conducted. We used a restricted cubic splines (RCS) model to examine the dose-response associations between exposures and outcomes. RESULTS: Maternal urinary BPA and BPF were negatively related to birth length (-0.30 cm, 95% CI: -0.44, -0.15 and -0.21 cm, 95% CI: -0.36, -0.07 comparing the extreme exposure groups, respectively, both p for trends < 0.01). These associations were more pronounced in girls with inverted U-shaped dose-response relationships. Maternal urinary BPA and BPF were positively related to ponderal index (0.05 g/cm3 × 100, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.09 and 0.04 g/cm3 × 100, 95% CI: 0.01, 0.08 comparing the extreme exposure groups, respectively, both p for trends = 0.02), and maternal urinary BPS was associated with shorter gestational age (-0.20 weeks, 95% CI: -0.37, -0.03 comparing the extreme exposure groups, p for trend = 0.02). These associations were only observed in girls and exhibited a linear dose-response relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Prenatal BPA, BPF, and BPS exposures were associated with detrimental effects on fetal growth parameters, and stronger effects were noted in female infants.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Compostos Benzidrílicos/toxicidade , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Desenvolvimento Fetal , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Fenóis , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente
3.
Chronic Dis Transl Med ; 6(4): 251-259, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33336170

RESUMO

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and environmental degradation are leading global health problems of our time. Recent studies have linked exposure to heavy metals to the risks of CVD and diabetes, particularly in populations from low- and middle-income countries, where concomitant rapid development occurs. In this review, we 1) assessed the totality, quantity, and consistency of the available epidemiological studies, linking heavy metal exposures to the risk of CVD (including stroke and coronary heart disease); 2) discussed the potential biological mechanisms underlying some tantalizing observations in humans; and 3) identified gaps in our knowledge base that must be investigated in future work. An accumulating body of evidence from both experimental and observational studies implicates exposure to heavy metals, in a dose-response manner, in the increased risk of CVD. The limitations of most existing studies include insufficient statistical power, lack of comprehensive assessment of exposure, and cross-sectional design. Given the widespread exposure to heavy metals, an urgent need has emerged to investigate these putative associations of environmental exposures, either independently or jointly, with incident CVD outcomes prospectively in well-characterized cohorts of diverse populations, and to determine potential strategies to prevent and control the impacts of heavy metal exposure on the cardiometabolic health outcomes of individuals and populations.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; 383: 121189, 2020 02 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541958

RESUMO

Phthalates have been reported to affect the function and growth of thyroid. However, there is little data on the effect of phthalates on thyroid oncogenesis. Here we explored the associations between phthalates exposure and the risks of thyroid cancer and benign nodule. We sex-matched 144 thyroid cancer, 138 benign nodule patients and 144 healthy adults from Wuhan, China. Eight phthalate metabolites in spot urine samples were quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry. The associations of creatinine-corrected urinary phthalate metabolites with the risks of thyroid cancer and benign nodule were assessed using multivariable logistic regression models. We found that urinary monomethyl phthalate (MMP), mono(2-ethyl-5hydroxyhexyl) phthalate (MEHHP) and mono(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (MEHP) associated with increased risks of thyroid cancer and nodule, with adjusted odds ratios (ORs) ranging from 1.74 to 4.78 comparing the extreme tertiles, and urinary monobutyl phthalate (MBP) was associated with decreased risks of thyroid cancer and benign nodule (all P for trends < 0.05). Male-specific positive associations of urinary monoethyl phthalate (MEP) with thyroid cancer and nodule as well as urinary mono(2-ethyl-5-oxohexyl) phthalate (MEOHP) with thyroid cancer were also observed. Our results suggest that exposure to certain phthalates may contribute to increased risks of thyroid cancer and benign nodule.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais , Ácidos Ftálicos , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adulto , Biomarcadores , China/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidade , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/epidemiologia
6.
Environ Int ; 134: 105282, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31711017

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have demonstrated that cadmium exposure induces alterations on immune function, but epidemiological evidence is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure and cellular immune responses among pre-school children. METHODS: Pre-school aged children (n = 407) were followed from a prospective birth cohort study in Wuhan, China. Maternal urinary and children's plasma cadmium concentrations were measured as biomarkers of prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure, respectively. Children's cellular immune responses were assessed by peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets and plasma cytokines. Multivariable adjusted models were applied to estimate the associations of prenatal and postnatal cadmium exposure with T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines, and the effect modification by child gender were also examined. RESULTS: Maternal urinary cadmium was associated with reduced absolute counts of CD3+CD4+ cells (-12.45%; 95% CI: -23.74%, 0.40% for the highest vs. lowest quartile; p for trend = 0.045). Inverse associations of maternal urinary cadmium with %CD3+CD4+ cells and CD4+/CD8+ ratio were only observed among females (both p-interaction < 0.050); whereas an inverse association with absolute counts of CD3+CD8+ cells was only observed among males (p-interaction = 0.057). Positive associations of maternal urinary cadmium with %CD3+CD4+ cells, interleukin-4 (IL-4), and IL-6 were only observed among females, although there were no significant interactions. We observed no clear associations of children's plasma cadmium with T lymphocyte subsets and cytokines. CONCLUSION: Prenatal but not postnatal cadmium exposure was associated with sex-specific alterations on children's cellular immune responses.


Assuntos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Cádmio , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Imunidade Celular , Masculino , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Environ Sci Technol ; 53(20): 12026-12034, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31525872

RESUMO

The effects of disinfection byproducts (DBPs) on adverse birth outcomes remain unsettled. Maternal genetic variants in relation to DBP metabolism may modify this effect. Pregnant women during late pregnancy (n = 1306) were included from a Chinese cohort. Maternal urinary trichloroacetic acid (TCAA) was measured as a biomarker of DBP exposure. Maternal genotyping was conducted in cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1; rs2031920, rs3813867, and rs915906) and glutathione S-transferase zeta-1 (GSTZ1; rs7975). The associations between maternal urinary TCAA and birth outcomes and statistical interactions between maternal exposure and genetic polymorphisms were estimated. We found that maternal urinary TCAA levels were associated with decreased birth weight (P for trend = 0.003) and ponderal index (P for trend = 0.004). Interaction analyses showed that maternal urinary TCAA in association with decreased birth weight was observed only among subjects with CYP2E1 rs3813867 GC/CC versus GG (Pint = 0.07) and associations with decreased birth length, ponderal index, and gestational age were observed only among subjects with GSTZ1 rs7975 GA/AA versus GG (Pint = 0.07, 0.02, and 0.02, respectively). Our results suggested that prenatal DBP exposure was negatively associated with birth weight and ponderal index, and maternal genetic polymorphisms in CYP2E1 and GSTZ1 might modify these associations.


Assuntos
Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1 , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Biomarcadores , Peso ao Nascer , Desinfecção , Feminino , Glutationa Transferase , Humanos , Exposição Materna , Polimorfismo Genético , Gravidez , Trialometanos
8.
Chronic Dis Transl Med ; 5(2): 97-104, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367698

RESUMO

Objective: Both exposure to heavy metals and alcohol intake have been related to the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this study, we aimed to assess the potential interactions between metal exposure and alcohol intake on the risk of T2D and prediabetes in a cohort of Chinese male workers. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 26,008 Chinese male workers in an occupational cohort study from 2011 to 2013. We assessed metal exposure and alcohol consumption at baseline in these workers who were aged ≥20 years. Based on occupations which were categorized according to measured urine metal levels, multiple logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the independent and joint effects of metal and alcohol exposure on the risk of T2D and prediabetes. Results: Risks of T2D (P trend = 0.001) and prediabetes (P trend = 0.001) were significantly elevated with increasing number of standard drinks per week, years of drinking, and lifetime alcohol consumption. An adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 6.1 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 4.8-7.8) was observed for the smelting/refining workers (highest metal exposure levels) who had the highest lifetime alcohol consumption (>873 kg) (P interaction = 0.018), whereas no statistically significant joint effect was found for prediabetes (P interaction = 0.515). Conclusions: Both exposures to metal and heavy alcohol intake were associated with the risk of diabetes in this large cohort of male workers. There was a strong interaction between these two exposures in affecting diabetes risk that needs to be confirmed in future studies.

9.
Int J Cardiol Heart Vasc ; 23: 100317, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321282

RESUMO

Background: Controversy still exists that whether clopidogrel should add proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) in patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of clopidogrel added proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) vs. clopidogrel for the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, the Chinese Biomedical Medical Literature database, and the Cochrane Library for all clinical trials that were published on this topic through October 2018. We specifically selected the clinical trials that evaluated the efficacy and safety of clopidogrel added proton pump inhibitors vs. clopidogrel in the treatment of patients with coronary heart disease after PCI. RevMan 5.0 software was used for quantitative data analyses.15 randomized controlled trials including 50,366 patients were included. The meta-analysis results showed that compared with the clopidogrel added PPI group, the non-PPI group had significantly less risk of MACE[RR = 0.82,95%CI:0.77-0.88], myocardial infarction recurrence[RR = 0.72,95%CI:0.57-0.90], stent thrombosis[RR = 0.71,95%CI:0.56-0.92], Target vessel revascularization (TVR)[RR = 0.77,95%CI:0.63-0.93] and stroke [RR = 0.72,95%CI:0.67-0.76]. The risks of all cause death [RR = 1.14,95%CI:0.85-1.51], cardiovascular death [RR = 1.14, 95% CI: 0.85-1.52], bleedings events [RR = 1.60,95%CI:0.53-4.81] were similar in the two groups. Conclusions: The patients in the non-PPI group were observed to be associated with less risk of MACE, myocardial infarction recurrence, stent thrombosis, target vessel revascularization (TVR) and stroke. And the two groups had similar all cause death, cardiovascular death, bleedings events.

10.
Lipids Health Dis ; 18(1): 47, 2019 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30744645

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some studies found out that TC/HDL-C ratio is a predictor of Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and Nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFLD) is related to CVD. And some researches have already studied that Apolipoprotein B to Apolipoprotein A1 ratio (ApoB/ApoA1) and Triglyceride to High-density lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (TG/HDL-C) were both related with CVD and NAFLD, but few studied the association between TC/HDL-C ratio and NAFLD. So, we suspected the ratio was also related to NAFLD. The research aims to study the predictive value of TC/HDL-C to NAFLD and to help the early detection of NAFLD. METHODS: Based on the Jinchang Cohort, the study contained 32,121 participants. We assessed the incidence of NAFLD by the quartiles of TC, HDL-C and TC/HDL-C. Then, the does-response relationship between these indicators and the risk of NAFLD was obtained. Finally, the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC) was applied to decide the predictive value of TC/HDL-C. RESULTS: Among the study participants, the cumulative incidence of NAFLD was 6.30% and the rate of dyslipidemia was 40.37%. The biochemical indicators of NAFLD had a difference with general population. The incidence of NAFLD raised with the quartiles of TC, TG and LDL-C raising, while decreased with the HDL-C' quartiles raising. After controlling confounding factors, TC and TC/HD-C had a positive relationship with NAFLD, while HDL-C had the opposite. Finally, the ROC analysis showed the area under the curve (AUC) of TC/HDL-C (0.645) was greater than TC (0.554), HDL-C (0.627) and Apolipoprotein B to Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoB/ApoA1) (0.613). CONCLUSIONS: The TC/HDL-C ratio has significant predictive value to NAFLD.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Colesterol/sangue , Dislipidemias/diagnóstico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Adulto , Apolipoproteína A-I/sangue , Apolipoproteína B-100/sangue , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Dislipidemias/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue
11.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 130(18): 2241-2250, 2017 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28875961

RESUMO

Background:: Studies on the association between spicy food intake and cancer risk have reported inconsistent results. We quantitatively assessed this association by conducting a meta-analysis based on evidence from case-control studies. Methods:: PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were searched for eligible publications. Combined odds ratios (OR s) with their 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated using a random- or fixed-effects model. The methodological quality of the included articles was assessed using the Newcastle-Ottawa scale (NOS). All data were analyzed using STATA 11.0 software (version 11.0; StataCorp., College Station, TX, USA). Subgroup analyses were also performed with stratification by region, sex, number of cases, cancer subtype, source of the control group, and NOS score. Results:: A total 39 studies from 28 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria for the meta-analysis (7884 patients with cancer and 10,142 controls). Comparison of the highest versus lowest exposure category in each study revealed a significant OR of 1.76 (95% CI = 1.35-2.29) in spite of significant heterogeneity (P < 0.001). In the subgroup analyses, this positive correlation was still found for gastric cancer, different regions, different numbers of cases, different sources of the control group, and high-quality articles (NOS score of ≥ 7). However, no statistically significant association was observed for women, esophageal cancer, gallbladder cancer, or low-quality articles (NOS score of <7). No evidence of publication bias was found. Conclusions:: Evidence from case-control studies suggested that a higher level of spicy food intake may be associated with an increased incidence of cancer despite significant heterogeneity. More studies are warranted to clarify our understanding of the association between high spicy food intake and the risk of cancer.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos , Especiarias , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Intervalos de Confiança , Humanos , Incidência , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco
12.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 30(7): 530-534, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28756813

RESUMO

Environmental exposure to heavy metals has been linked to a wide range of human health hazards. We detected the levels of 15 metals in urine samples from 500 representative sub-samples in an ongoing occupational cohort study (Jinchang Cohort) to directly evaluate metal exposure levels. Fifteen metals, namely As, Ba, Be, Cd, Cs, Cr, Co, Cu, Pb, Mn, Ni, Se, Tl, U, and Zn, were detected by inductively coupled plasma quadruple mass spectrometry. The results showed that median creatinine adjustment and geometric mean urinary metal levels were higher in the heavy metal-exposed group, except Se and Zn, than other reported general or occupational populations. Further studies should address the effects of heavy metals on human health.


Assuntos
Poluentes Ambientais/sangue , Metais Pesados/sangue , Exposição Ocupacional , China , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos
13.
J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci ; 37(4): 605-611, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28786063

RESUMO

It is recognized that prenatal care plays an important role in reducing adverse birth. Chinese pregnant women with medical condition were required to seek additional health care based on the recommended at least 5 times health care visits. This study was to estimate the association between prenatal care utilization (PCU) and preterm birth (PTB), and to investigate if medical conditions during pregnancy modified the association. This population-based case control study sampled women with PTB as cases; one control for each case was randomly selected from women with term births. The Electronic Perinatal Health Care Information System (EPHCIS) and a questionnaire were used for data collection. The PCU was measured by a renewed Prenatal Care Utilization (APNCU) index. Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Totally, 2393 women with PTBs and 4263 women with term births were collected. In this study, 695 (10.5%) women experienced inadequate prenatal care, and 5131 (77.1%) received adequate plus prenatal care. Inadequate PCU was associated with PTB (adjusted OR: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.32-1.84); the similar positive association was found between adequate plus PCU and PTB. Among women with medical conditions, these associations still existed; but among women without medical conditions, the association between inadequate PCU and PTB disappeared. Our data suggests that women receiving inappropriate PCU are at an increased risk of having PTB, but it does depend on whether the woman has a medical condition during pregnancy.


Assuntos
Nascimento Prematuro/epidemiologia , Cuidado Pré-Natal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Fatores de Confusão Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
14.
Int J Cardiol ; 202: 967-74, 2016 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26318390

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effects of green tea intake on risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) have not been well-defined. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the association between green tea consumption, CVD, and ischemic related diseases. METHODS: All observational studies and randomized trials that were published through October 2014 and that examined the association between green tea consumption and risk of cardiovascular and ischemic related diseases as the primary outcome were included in this meta-analysis. The quality of the included studies was evaluated according to the Cochrane Handbook 5.0.2 quality evaluation criteria. RESULTS: A total of 9 studies including 259,267 individuals were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that those who didn't consume green tea had higher risks of CVD (OR=1.19, 95% CI: 1.09-1.29), intracerebral hemorrhage (OR=1.24, 95% CI: 1.03-1.49), and cerebral infarction (OR=1.15, 95% CI: 1.01-1.30) compared to <1 cup green tea per day. Those who drank 1-3 cups of green tea per day had a reduced risk of myocardial infarction (OR=0.81, 95% CI: 0.67-0.98) and stroke (OR=0.64, 95% CI: 0.47-0.86) compared to those who drank <1 cup/day. Similarly, those who drank ≥4 cups/day had a reduced risk of myocardial infarction compared to those who drank <1 cup/day (OR=0.68, 95% CI: 0.56-0.84). Those who consumed ≥10 cups/day of green tea were also shown to have lower LDL compared to the <3 cups/day group (MD=-0.90, 95% CI: -0.95 to -0.85). CONCLUSIONS: Our meta-analysis provides evidence that consumption of green tea is associated with favorable outcomes with respect to risk of cardiovascular and ischemic related diseases.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/dietoterapia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/dietoterapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/dietoterapia , Chá , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
15.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 28(9): 679-82, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26464256

RESUMO

Our study explored the dynamic changes in and the relationship between the DNA damage marker 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) and the DNA repair marker 8-hydroxyguanine DNA glycosidase 1 (hOGG1) according to the length of occupational employment in nickel smelting workers. One hundred forty nickel-exposed smelting workers and 140 age-matched unexposed office workers were selected from the Jinchang cohort. The 8-OHdG levels in smelting workers was significantly higher than in office workers (Z=-8.688, P<0.05) and the 8-OHdG levels among nickel smelting workers in the 10-14 y employment length category was significantly higher than among all peers. The hOGG1 levels among smelting workers were significantly lower than those of non-exposed workers (Z=-8.948, P<0.05). There were significant differences between employment length and hOGG1 levels, with subjects employed in nickel smelting for 10-14 y showing the highest levels of hOGG1. Correlation analysis showed positive correlations between 8-OHdG and hOGG1 levels (r=0.413; P<0.01). DNA damage was increased with employment length among nickel smelting workers and was related to the inhibition of hOGG1 repair capacity.


Assuntos
Dano ao DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Reparo do DNA , Metalurgia , Níquel/toxicidade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , DNA Glicosilases/sangue , Desoxiadenosinas/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Níquel/urina , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 28(5): 364-9, 2015 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26055563

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the baseline data of cancers in the Jinchang Cohort, this paper examined trends in cancer mortality among adults investigated in Jinchang, Gansu province from 2001 to 2010. METHODS: Mortality data were collected from company departments through administrative documents, death certificates, etc. Trend analyses of cancer mortality were performed on the basis of 925 cancer deaths between 2001 and 2010. RESULTS: The crude mortality rate of cancer continuously increased from 161.86 per 100,000 in 2001 to 315.32 per 100,000 in 2010, with an average increase of 7.69% per year in the Jinchang Cohort (16.41% in females compared to 6.04% in males), but the age-standardized mortality rate increased only in females. Thirteen leading cancers accounted for 92.10% of all cancer deaths. The five leading causes of cancer mortality in males were lung, gastric, liver, esophageal, and colorectal cancer, whereas those in females were lung, liver, gastric, breast, and esophageal cancer. CONCLUSION: The overall cancer mortality rate increased from 2001 to 2010 in the Jinchang Cohort, with greater rate of increase in females than in males. Lung, breast, and gastric cancer, in that order, were the leading causes of increased cancer mortality in females.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 28(12): 875-83, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26777907

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the association between metal exposure and risk of diabetes and prediabetes among Chinese workers exposed to metals. METHODS: We used data obtained from the baseline survey of the Jinchang Cohort Study of workers in Jinchang Industry, the largest nickel production company in China. A total of 42,122 workers ⋝20 years of age were included in the study. A standardized, structured questionnaire was used to collect epidemiological information. Physical examinations and laboratory tests were conducted to evaluate the health status of the participants and to measure various biomarkers including blood sugar, lipids, and urinary metal concentrations. Logistic regression was used to study the association between occupational groups categorized according to the measured metal levels (office workers, low-level; mining/production workers, mid-level; and smelting/refining workers, high-level) and risk of diabetes and prediabetes. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes was 7.5% and 16.8%, respectively. The adjusted odds ratios for diabetes among mining/production workers and smelting/refining workers compared to office workers were 1.5 (95% CI: 1.3, 1.7) and 3.8 (95% CI: 3.4, 4.3), respectively. No association was observed between these occupational groups and prediabetes in this study. CONCLUSION: Occupations associated with higher levels of metal exposure were associated with an increased risk of diabetes in this cohort. More studies are needed to confirm this observed association.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Estado Pré-Diabético/induzido quimicamente , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Metais Pesados/urina , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/epidemiologia
20.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 27(6): 475-7, 2014 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24961859

RESUMO

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) was investigated in Chinese nickel-exposed workers. A total of 35 104 subjects were enrolled in this study. The age-adjusted prevalence of MS, BMI⋝25, diabetes, hypertension, and abnormal lipid was 13.9%, 29.5%, 12.8%, 27.5%, and 47.1%, respectively. The prevalence of BMI⋝25, hyperglycemia, and hypertension increased with the age of males and females, and was higher in males than in females (37.1% vs 21.5%, 15.9% vs 12.1%, 35.0% vs 24.3%, 54.3% vs 40.4%).


Assuntos
Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Níquel , Exposição Ocupacional , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
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