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1.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(4): 1176-1186, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124959

RESUMO

Carbon monoxide­releasing molecule­3 (CORM­3), which is an exogenous carbon monoxide (CO) compound, slowly releases CO under physiological conditions; this exerts neuroprotective effects against incomplete ischemia/reperfusion injury. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether the administration of CORM­3 protects against nucleotide­binding oligomerization domain­like receptor pyrin domain­3 (NLRP3) inflammasome formation and neuronal pyroptosis in the hippocampus following hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation (HSR). To establish this, an HSR model was created. Hemorrhagic shock was induced in adult male Sprague­Dawley rats under sevoflurane anesthesia by bleeding using a heparinized syringe to maintain a mean arterial pressure of 30±5 mmHg for 60 min. Resuscitation was performed by reperfusion of the blood and, if necessary, administering sterile saline to achieve the baseline arterial pressure. Following resuscitation, CORM­3 (4 mg/kg) was injected via the femoral vein. Neuronal pyroptosis in the hippocampus, mitochondrial morphology, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), brain magnetic resonance imaging, expression levels of NLRP3 and the interaction of pro­caspase­1 and apoptosis­associated speck­like protein containing a CARD domain (ASC) were examined 12 h after HSR; locomotor activity was assessed 7 days after HSR. Compared with HSR­treated rats, CORM­3 administration resulted in a lower level of neuronal pyroptosis in the hippocampus, improved mitochondrial morphology, a lower mtDNA level, steadier levels of metabolites, decreased expression levels of NLRP3 and pro­caspase­1 interacting with ASC and enhanced locomotor activity. In conclusion, treatment with CORM­3 ameliorated impairments of locomotor and exploratory activities in a rat model of HSR. The mechanism may be associated with the inhibition of mitochondrial DNA­induced pyroptosis via improvements in cell metabolism.

2.
World Neurosurg ; 132: e21-e27, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521754

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate role of Low-dose, Early Fresh frozen plasma Transfusion (LEFT) therapy in preventing perioperative coagulopathy and improving long-term outcome after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: A prospective, single-center, parallel-group, randomized trial was designed. Patients with severe TBI were eligible. We used a computer-generated randomization list and closed opaque envelops to randomly allocate patients to treatment with fresh frozen plasma (5 mL/kg body weight; LEFT group) or normal saline (5 mL/kg body weight; NO LEFT group) after admission in the operating room. RESULTS: Between January 1, 2018, and November 31, 2018, 63 patients were included and randomly allocated to LEFT (n = 28) and NO LEFT (n = 35) groups. The final interim analysis included 20 patients in the LEFT group and 32 patients in the NO LEFT group. The study was terminated early for futility and safety reasons because a high proportion of patients (7 of 20; 35.0%) in the LEFT group developed new delayed traumatic intracranial hematoma after surgery compared with the NO LEFT group (3 of 32; 9.4%) (relative risk, 5.205; 95% confidence interval, 1.159-23.384; P = 0.023). Demographic characteristics and indexes of severity of brain injury were similar at baseline. CONCLUSIONS: LEFT therapy was associated with a higher incidence of delayed traumatic intracranial hematoma than normal fresh frozen plasma transfusion in patients with severe TBI. A restricted fresh frozen plasma transfusion protocol, in the right clinical setting, may be more appropriate in patients with TBIs.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Sangue/métodos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Plasma , Idoso , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/cirurgia , Craniotomia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Hematoma Subdural Agudo/cirurgia , Hematoma Subdural Agudo/terapia , Humanos , Hemorragia Intracraniana Traumática/complicações , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Prevenção Secundária , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Biomicrofluidics ; 9(4): 044112, 2015 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26339313

RESUMO

A novel microfluidic device for highly efficient and robust dialysis without membrane is highly desired for the development of portable or wearable microdialyzer. Here we report an enhanced H-filter with pillar array based on Fåhræus-Lindqvist effect (F-L effect) for highly efficient and robust membraneless dialysis of simplified blood for the first time. The H-filter employs two fluids laminarly flowing in the microchannel for continuously membraneless dialysis. With pillar array in the microchannel, the two laminar flows, with one containing blood cells and small molecules and another containing dialyzate solution, can form a cell-free layer at the interface as selective zones for separation. This provides enhanced mixing yet extremely low shear for extraction of small molecules from the blood-cell-containing flow into the dialyzate flow, resulting in robust separation with reduced cell loss and improved efficiency. We demonstrate this by first using Chlorella pyrenoidosa as model cells to quantitatively study the separation performances, and then using simplified human blood for dialysis. The advanced H-filter, with highly efficient and robust performance for membraneless dialysis, shows great potential as promising candidate for rapid blood analysis/separation, and as fundamental structure for portable dialyzer.

4.
Lab Chip ; 15(8): 1869-78, 2015 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25711675

RESUMO

In this study, we report on a simple and versatile plug-n-play microfluidic system that is fabricated from flexible assembly of glass-based flow-control modules for flexibly manipulating flows for versatile emulsion generation. The microfluidic system consists of three basic functional units: a flow-control module, a positioning groove, and a connection fastener. The flow-control module that is based on simple assembly of low-cost glass slides, coverslips, and glass capillaries provides excellent chemical resistance and optical properties, and easy wettability modification for flow manipulation. The flexible combination of the flow-control modules with 3D-printed positioning grooves and connection fasteners enables creation of versatile microfluidic systems for generating various higher-order multiple emulsions. The simple and reversible connection of the flow-control modules also allows easy disassembly of the microfluidic systems for further scale-up and functionalization. We demonstrate the scalability and controllability of flow manipulation by creating microfluidic systems from flexible assembly of flow-control modules for controllable generation of multiple emulsions from double emulsions to quadruple emulsions. Meanwhile, the flexible flow manipulation in the flow-control module provides advanced functions for improved control of the drop size, and for controllable generation of drops containing distinct components within multiple emulsions to extend the emulsion structure. Such modular microfluidic systems provide flexibility and versatility to flexibly manipulate micro-flows for enhanced and extended applications.


Assuntos
Vidro , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/métodos , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas/instrumentação , Impressão
5.
Yao Xue Xue Bao ; 49(8): 1136-42, 2014 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25322555

RESUMO

The effect of amygdalin joint hydroxysafflor yellow A (HSYA) on the endplate chondrocytes derived from intervertebral discs of rats induced by IL-1beta and the possible mechanism were studied and explored. Chondrocytes were obtained from endplate of one-month SD rat intervertebral discs and cultured primary endplate chondrocytes. After identification, they were divided into normal group, induced group, amygdalin group, HSYA group and combined group. CCK-8 kit was adopted to detect the proliferation of the endplate chondrocytes. FCM was measured to detect the apoptosis. Real-time PCR method was adopted to observe the mRNA expression of Aggrecan, Col 2 alpha1, Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13 and the inflammatory cytokines IL-1beta. The protein expression of Col II, Col X was tested through immunofluorescence. Compared with the normal group, the proliferation of the endplate chondrocytes decreased while the apoptosis increased (P < 0.05). With down regulation of the mRNA expressions of Aggrecan, Col 2 alpha1 and up regulation of the mRNA expressions of Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13, IL-1beta (P < 0.05), the protein expression of Col II decreased while the protein expression of Col X increased. Compared with the induced group, amygdalin group, HSYA group, the combined group could inhibit the apoptosis and promote the proliferation (P < 0.05). They could increase the mRNA expressions of Aggrecan and Col 2 alpha1 while decrease the mRNA expressions of Col 10 alpha1, MMP-13 and IL-1beta (P < 0.05). They could also enhance the protein expression of Col II while reduce the protein expression of Col X. The effect of the combined group was significantly better than that of amygdalin and HSYA. Amygdalin joint HSYA could inhibit the degeneration of the endplate chondrocytes derived from intervertebral discs of rats induced by IL-1beta and better than the single use of amygdalin or HSYA.


Assuntos
Amigdalina/farmacologia , Chalcona/análogos & derivados , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Disco Intervertebral/citologia , Quinonas/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose , Células Cultivadas , Chalcona/farmacologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Interleucina-1beta , Ratos
6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 6(12): 9530-42, 2014 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24897191

RESUMO

Smart core-shell microspheres for selective Pb(2+) adsorption and separation have been developed. Each microsphere is composed of a Pb(2+) recognizable poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-benzo-18-crown-6-acrylamide) (PNB) shell and a magnetic Fe3O4 core. The magnetic PNB core-shell microspheres show excellent Pb(2+) adsorption selectivity among the coexisting Cd(2+), Co(2+), Cr(3+), Cu(2+), Ni(2+), Zn(2+), K(+), and Ca(2+) ions by forming stable B18C6Am/Pb(2+) host-guest complexes and exhibit an interesting temperature-dependent Pb(2+) adsorption. The inner independent magnetic Fe3O4 cores enable the Pb(2+)-adsorbed microspheres with a magnetically guided aggregation to be separated from the treated solution using a remotely controlled manner. The isothermal Pb(2+) adsorption result fits well with the Freundlich isotherm. The magnetic PNB core-shell microspheres show very fast adsorption of Pb(2+), and the adsorption process of Pb(2+) onto magnetic PNB core-shell microspheres fits well with the pseudo-second-order model. Moreover, Pb(2+)-adsorbed microspheres can be regenerated by simply increasing the operation temperature and washing with deionized water. The proposed magnetic PNB core-shell microspheres provide a promising candidate for Pb(2+) adsorbents with selectively separable and efficiently reusable abilities.

7.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 5(15): 7219-26, 2013 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23865475

RESUMO

Hydrogel-based microactuators that enable remote-controlled locomotion and fast Pb(2+)-response for micromanipulation in Pb(2+)-polluted microenvironment have been fabricated from quadruple-component double emulsions. The microactuators are Pb(2+)-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-benzo-18-crown-6-acrylamide) microgels, each with an eccentric magnetic core for magnetic manipulation and a hollow cavity for fast Pb(2+)-response. Micromanipulation of the microactuators is demonstrated by using them for preventing Pb(2+)-leakage from microchannel. The microactuators can be remotely and precisely transported to the Pb(2+)-leaking site under magnetic guide, and then clog the microchannel with Pb(2+)-responsive volume swelling to prevent flowing out of Pb(2+)-contaminated solution. The proposed microactuator structure provides a potential and novel model for developing multifunctional actuators and sensors, biomimetic soft microrobots, microelectro-mechanical systems and drug delivery systems.


Assuntos
Biomimética , Hidrogéis/química , Chumbo/química , Micromanipulação/instrumentação , Micromanipulação/métodos , Acrilamidas/química , Éteres de Coroa , Emulsões , Géis , Magnetismo , Microfluídica , Movimento , Óleos Vegetais , Polímeros/química , Soja , Temperatura Ambiente , Fatores de Tempo , Raios Ultravioleta
8.
Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi ; 25(11): 983-5, 2005 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16358411

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the intervening effect of Liuwei Dihuang pill (LWDH) on lupus nephropathy (LN) treated with glucocorticoids and cyclophosphamide (CTX). METHODS: Sixty-four patients were randomly divided into two groups, all patients were treated by conventional treatment, using prednisone in standard program, and CTX in a daily dose of 8 - 12 mg/kg, accumulated dose < or = 150 mg/kg, by adding into 500 ml of 5% glucose in saline through intravenous dripping, as well as the symptomatic treatment. Patients in the treated group were given LWDH additionally. RESULTS: The curative effect in the treated group was significantly superior to that in the control group (P < 0.05). Laboratory indexes, including urinary protein, plasma protein and serum creatinine (SCr), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), complement C3, etc. were significantly improved in both groups (P < 0.01), but all the improvement, except that of SCr, in the treated group were superior to those in the control group respectively (P <0.05 or P <0.01). Besides, the recurrent rate and incidence rate of adverse reaction in the treated group was significant lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05 and P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: LWDH can significantly enhance the therapeutic effect of CTX and glucocorticoids on LN, decrease the recurrence and shows advantage in counteracting against the adverse effects of glucocorticoids and CTX.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Fitoterapia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prevenção Secundária
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