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1.
Sci Adv ; 7(19)2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33962957

RESUMO

Nonpharmaceutical interventions to control SARS-CoV-2 spread have been implemented with different intensity, timing, and impact on transmission. As a result, post-lockdown COVID-19 dynamics are heterogeneous and difficult to interpret. We describe a set of contact surveys performed in four Chinese cities (Wuhan, Shanghai, Shenzhen, and Changsha) during the pre-pandemic, lockdown and post-lockdown periods to quantify changes in contact patterns. In the post-lockdown period, the mean number of contacts increased by 5 to 17% as compared to the lockdown period. However, it remains three to seven times lower than its pre-pandemic level sufficient to control SARS-CoV-2 transmission. We find that the impact of school interventions depends nonlinearly on the intensity of other activities. When most community activities are halted, school closure leads to a 77% decrease in the reproduction number; in contrast, when social mixing outside of schools is at pre-pandemic level, school closure leads to a 5% reduction in transmission.

3.
Front Immunol ; 12: 653755, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33912180

RESUMO

Fasciola gigantica produces excretory-secretory products (ESPs) with immune-modulating effects to promote its own survival. In this study, we performed RNA-seq to gain a comprehensive global understanding of changes in the expression of mRNAs, miRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs in goat peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) treated with F. gigantica ESPs. A total of 1,544 differently expressed mRNAs (790 upregulated and 754 downregulated genes), 30 differently expressed miRNAs (24 upregulated and 6 downregulated genes), 136 differently expressed circRNAs (83 upregulated and 53 downregulated genes), and 1,194 differently expressed lncRNAs (215 upregulated and 979 downregulated genes) were identified. Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analyses revealed that F. gigantica ESPs altered the expression of genes associated with the host immune response, receptor signaling, disease and metabolism. Results from RNA-seq were validated by qRT-PCR. These findings provide an important resource for future investigation of the role of mRNAs and non-coding RNAs in mediating the immune-modulating effects of F. gigantica ESPs.

4.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 159, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789587

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy (ECG-LVH) is a common manifestation of preclinical cardiovascular disease. The present study aimed to investigate risk factors for ECG-LVH and its prevalence in a cohort of young Chinese individuals. METHODS: (1) A total of 1515 participants aged 36-45 years old from our previously established cohort who were followed up in 2017 were included. Cross-sectional analysis was used to examine risk factors for ECG-LVH and its prevalence. (2) A total of 235 participants were recruited from the same cohort in 2013 and were followed up in 2017. Longitudinal analysis was used to determine the predictors of LVH occurrence over the 4-year period. We used multivariable logistic regression models to calculate OR and 95% CIs and to analyze risk factors for ECG-LVH. RESULTS: In the cross-sectional analysis, the prevalence of LVH diagnosed by the Cornell voltage-duration product in the overall population and the hypertensive population was 4.6% and 8.8%, respectively. The logistic regression results shown that female sex [2.611 (1.591-4.583)], hypertension [2.638 (1.449-4.803)], systolic blood pressure (SBP) [1.021 (1.007-1.035)], serum uric acid (SUA) [1.004 (1.001-1.006)] and carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) [67.670 (13.352-342.976)] were significantly associated with the risk of LVH (all P < 0.05). In the longitudinal analysis, fasting glucose [1.377 (1.087-1.754)], SBP [1.046 (1.013-1.080)] and female sex [1.242 (1.069-1.853)] were independent predictors for the occurrence of LVH in the fourth year of follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggested that female sex, hypertension, SBP, SUA and CIMT were significantly associated with the risk of LVH in young people. In addition, fasting glucose, SBP and female sex are independent predictors of the occurrence of LVH in a young Chinese general population.

5.
J Proteome Res ; 20(5): 2714-2724, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856806

RESUMO

The metabolic and bioactivity effects of Eurycoma longifolia (Eucalyptus longifolia) in obesity treatment were studied in mice fed with a high-fat diet using a metabolomics approach. Aqueous extracts of E. longifolia were obtained via grinding, dissolving, and freeze-drying. The hepatic steatosis effect of E. longifolia was characterized by hematoxylin and eosin histological staining. External performance of the obesity-alleviation effect was monitored by measuring body and food weight. In addition, the metabolomics analysis of the E. longifolia-mice interaction system was performed using the established platform combining liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry with statistical analysis. The presence and spatial distribution patterns of differential molecules were further evaluated through desorption electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry imaging. The results showed that E. longifolia played a vital role in downregulating lipid accumulation (especially triacylglycerols) and fatty acids biosynthesis together with enhanced lipid decomposition and healing in Bagg albino mice. During such a process, E. longifolia mainly induced metabolomic alterations of amino acids, organic acids, phospholipids, and glycerolipids. Moreover, under the experimental concentrations, E. longifolia induced more fluctuations of aqueous-soluble metabolites in the plasma and lipids in the liver than in the kidneys. This study provides an advanced alternative to traditional E. longifolia-based studies for evaluating the metabolic effects and bioactivity of E. longifolia through metabolomics technology, revealing potential technological improvement and clinical application.

6.
Clin Epigenetics ; 13(1): 87, 2021 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33883002

RESUMO

Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is one of the most common microvascular complication of both type 1 (T1DM) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) worldwide. Persistent inflammation and subsequent chronic fibrosis are major causes of loss of renal function, which is associated with the progression of DKD to ESRD. In fact, DKD progression is affected by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Approximately, one-third of diabetic patients progress to develop DKD despite intensive glycemic control, which propose an essential concept "metabolic memory." Epigenetic modifications, an extensively studied mechanism of metabolic memory, have been shown to contribute to the susceptibility to develop DKD. Epigenetic modifications also play a regulatory role in the interactions between the genes and the environmental factors. The epigenetic contributions to the processes of inflammation and fibrogenesis involved in DKD occur at different regulatory levels, including DNA methylation, histone modification and non-coding RNA modulation. Compared with genetic factors, epigenetics represents a new therapeutic frontier in understanding the development DKD and may lead to therapeutic breakthroughs due to the possibility to reverse these modifications therapeutically. Early recognition of epigenetic events and biomarkers is crucial for timely diagnosis and intervention of DKD, and for the prevention of the progression of DKD to ESRD. Herein, we will review the latest epigenetic mechanisms involved in the renal pathology of both type 1 (T1DN) and type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN) and highlight the emerging role and possible therapeutic strategies based on the understanding of the role of epigenetics in DKD-associated inflammation and fibrogenesis.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33900887

RESUMO

According to the different organizational forms of logistics in manufacturing, the types of linkage development between the logistics and manufacturing industries include two different logistics service modes: logistics outsourcing and logistics self-operation. This study considers two manufacturing clusters for comparison: the northeast region in China, mainly state-owned and self-operated, and the Yangtze River Delta region in China, mainly focusing on logistics outsourcing services. First, we construct a parallel network system considering heterogeneity and an unexpected super-efficiency slacks-based measure: the Grey Relational Analysis model. Second, considering the unexpected output, this study evaluates the environmental performance of the linkage development of the logistics and manufacturing industries and explains the types of linkage development between them. Finally, the spatial and temporal characteristics of linkage efficiency under different linkage modes are studied using an exploratory spatial data analysis method. The research results show that the efficiency of the two-industry linkage in different linkage types that consider the unexpected output presents different development characteristics. Regarding time characteristics and trends, we compare the development efficiency of the two-industry linkage at the overall level of the northeast and the Yangtze River Delta regions from 2009 to 2016. The Yangtze River Delta region showed a higher state of linkage while the northeast region showed a medium linkage state. Regarding spatial pattern evolution, the effect of the technical efficiency of the linkage between the two industries in the three northeastern provinces showed continuous evolution from the medium linkage stage to the weak linkage stage, and the Yangtze River Delta showed continuous evolution from the medium linkage to the strong linkage stage.ImplicationsDue to data availability, references to the relevant achievements of the research on the linkage between the manufacturing and logistics industries, the transportation industry, warehousing, and postal and telecommunications industry data are generally used as logistics industry data. Manufacturing data are replaced by industrial data. The manufacturing industry is the core industry of industrial systems. Its output value accounts for more than 90% of the industrial output. Thus, it can reflect the development trend of the manufacturing industry in general.

8.
Parasitol Res ; 2021 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33884491

RESUMO

Intestinal protozoa Eimeria and Entamoeba can infect many animal species including alpacas. However, data on the prevalence and pathogenicity of species of the two genera Eimeria and Entamoeba in alpacas in China is scarce. The current study was carried out to investigate the prevalence of Eimeria and Entamoeba in alpacas in two cities (Taiyuan and Xinzhou) in Shanxi Province, northern China, using PCR-based approaches. Eimeria spp. were only found in Taiyuan city, and the overall prevalence was 1.64%. All samples collected from male alpacas were PCR-negative for Eimeria. Four Eimeria-positive samples were tested positive as Eimeria lamae. The molecular prevalence of Entamoeba in alpacas was 18.03% (66/366), including 16.39% (50/305) in alpacas from Taiyuan city and 26.23% (16/61) from Xinzhou city, respectively. The Entamoeba prevalence in male alpacas (25.00%) was significantly higher than that in female alpacas (15.69%). Entamoeba bovis was the predominant species, and no Entamoeba histolytica infection was detected. Nine unique SSU rRNA gene sequences of Entamoeba were obtained which formed a new cluster. The results showed that sex and location might be the risk factors associated with prevalence of Eimeria spp., and sex might be the risk factor associated with prevalence of Entamoeba spp.. This is the first report of Entamoeba in alpacas worldwide. These findings expand our understanding of the prevalence and genetic diversity of Eimeria and Entamoeba in alpacas.

9.
Endocr Pract ; 27(5): 433-442, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33840450

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The relationship between child-to-adult blood pressure (BP) trajectories and metabolic syndrome (MetS) is unknown. We aimed to determine the predictive role of BP trajectories for incident MetS and its components. METHODS: The prospective Hanzhong Adolescent Hypertension study began in 1987 and included 2692 participants free of MetS at baseline with at least 3 BP measurements available from 1987 to 2017. RESULTS: The systolic BP (SBP) trajectory patterns were grouped as normal (class 1, 18.7%), high normal (class 2, 60.3%), prehypertensive (class 3, 13.1%), stage 1 hypertensive (class 4, 5.7%), and stage 2 hypertensive (class 5, 2.2%). Compared with those in the normal group, individuals in classes 2 to 5 had significantly higher risks of MetS (all Ps < .05), and those with hypertension had more than an 8-fold higher risk of MetS (both P < .05). The fully adjusted risk ratios (RRs) of central obesity increased significantly in a stepwise manner as the SBP trajectory group increased from class 1 to class 5 (P < .05). Compared with those with a normal SBP trajectory, participants in the prehypertensive group and stage 1 and stage 2 hypertensive groups had significantly higher RRs for high-risk triglycerides after full adjustment (RR = 1.89 [1.22-2.94]; RR = 3.61 [2.16-6.02]; and RR = 3.22 [1.52-6.84], respectively). CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that BP trajectories are predictive of incident MetS outcomes. Early detection of hypertension or modest elevations in BP is crucial. The stage of hypertension based on SBP level showed a greater association with central obesity.


Assuntos
Hipertensão , Síndrome Metabólica , Adolescente , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea , Criança , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos
10.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33797653

RESUMO

The study aimed to characterize a novel vitexin-producing endophytic fungus Fusarium solani G6 from Cajanus cajan, improve its capability for producing vitexin and evaluate its osteoblastic proliferation activity. A total of 153 endophytic fungi, classified into 6 genera, were isolated from C. cajan. Among them, only one strain, endophyte G6 identified as Fusarium solani, was found to produce vitexin. After the optimization of fermentation conditions, the highest vitexin yield (18.72 mg/L) for the strain was observed in PDB liquid medium containing 20.54 g/L of glucose and 8.90 g/L of ammonium sulfate, at an initial medium pH of 5.1 and at 28 °C for 6 days of cultivation. Moreover, the fungal vitexin exhibited notable osteoblastic proliferation stimulating activity. A novel vitexin-producing endophytic fungus F. solani G6 was characterized from C. cajan for the first time. The findings highlighted its potential use for large-scale production of vitexin and might have a promising use as therapeutic agent for osteoporosis.

11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(11): 3452-3465, 2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33724017

RESUMO

An efficient technique using citric acid and glucose based natural deep eutectic solvent (G-C-NADES) was developed to obtain ultrahigh deamidated wheat gluten (UDWG) (deamidation degree (DD) > 90%). FTIR and 1H NMR indicated intensive hydrogen bonds (HBs) in G-C-NADES supermolecules. Quantum chemical calculations and molecular dynamic simulations demonstrated that 10 wt % diluted G-C-NADES still had a myriad of HBs. Physicochemical results showed UDWG had DD up to 92.45% after G-C-NADES deamidation, that is, 22% higher than citric-acid-DWG with a weak degree of hydrolysis (1.75%). Conformational characterization demonstrated the obvious conversion from α-helix to ß-sheet via FTIR, the least amount of disulfide bonds by Raman spectra, and more exposure of tryptophan residues by fluorescence measurement for UDWG. It is proven that enhanced accessible conformation of WG reached with HBs of G-C-NADESs could contribute to the improvement on nucleophilic attack of deamidation, declaring that G-C-NADES might be a potential solvent for obtaining an ultrahigh deamidation for WG to successfully guarantee the safety of wheat gluten based cereal food regarding to lowering its allergy.

12.
Mol Immunol ; 134: 129-140, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33773156

RESUMO

Dentritic cells (DCs) dysfunction has been verified detrimental for sepsis and B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) is an immune-regulatory receptor shown to be associated with DCs dysfunction. However, the role of BTLA expression in myeloid DCs (mDCs) in neonatal sepsis is unknown. In the current study, we found BTLA-expressing mDCs were elevated in neonates with sepsis and the BTLA expression level in mDCs was positively correlated to the severity of sepsis. The presence of BTLA negatively regulated the phagocytosis capacity and bactericidal ability of mDCs as well as the maturation markers expression of mDCs. Our data also showed BTLA+mDCs shifted into an anti-inflammatory phenotype with decreased expression of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-12, but increased IL-10. in addition, we found BTLA expression indeedly altered the mDCs allo-stimulatory capacity. Therefore, BTLA expression in mDCs could be a useful predictive marker for neonatal sepsis and targeting BTLA expression in mDCs may be a new therapeutic strategy.

13.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(5): 524-531, 2021 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Reduced application of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with higher mortality rates after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We aimed to evaluate potential factors contributing to the refusal of PCI in STEMI patients in China. METHODS: We studied 957 patients diagnosed with STEMI in the emergency departments (EDs) of six public hospitals in China. The differences in baseline characteristics and 30-day outcome were investigated between patients who refused PCI and those who underwent PCI. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the potential factors associated with refusing PCI. RESULTS: The potential factors contributing to refusing PCI were older than 65 years (odds ratio [OR] 2.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.56-4.52, P < 0.001), low body mass index (BMI) (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84-0.98, P = 0.013), not being married (OR 0.29, 95% CI 0.17-0.49, P < 0.001), history of myocardial infarction (MI) (OR 2.59, 95% CI 1.33-5.04, P = 0.005), higher heart rate (HR) (OR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.03, P = 0.002), cardiac shock in the ED (OR 5.03, 95% CI 1.48-17.08, P = 0.010), pre-hospital delay (>12 h) (OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.83-6.02, P < 0.001) and not being hospitalized in a tertiary hospital (OR 0.45, 95% CI 0.27-0.75, P = 0.002). Compared to men, women were older, were less often married, had a lower BMI and were less often hospitalized in tertiary hospitals. CONCLUSIONS: Patients who were older, had lower economic or social status, and had poorer health status were more likely to refuse PCI after STEMI. There was a sex difference in the potential predictors of refusing PCI. Targeted efforts should be made to improve the acceptance of PCI among patients with STEMI in China.

14.
Cell Death Dis ; 12(4): 302, 2021 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33753726

RESUMO

Expression of kinesin family member 18B (KIF18B), an ATPase with key roles in cell division, is deregulated in many cancers, but its involvement in prostate cancer (PCa) is unclear. Here, we investigated the expression and function of KIF18B in human PCa specimens and cell lines using bioinformatics analyses, immunohistochemical and immunofluorescence microscopy, and RT-qPCR and western blot analyses. KIF18B was overexpressed in PCa specimens compared with paracancerous tissues and was associated with poorer disease-free survival. In vitro, KIF18B knockdown in PCa cell lines promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, and inhibited cell apoptosis, while KIF18B overexpression had the opposite effects. In a mouse xenograft model, KIF18B overexpression accelerated and promoted the growth of PCa tumors. Bioinformatics analysis of control and KIF18B-overexpressing PCa cells showed that genes involved in the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway were significantly enriched among the differentially expressed genes. Consistent with this observation, we found that KIF18B overexpression activates the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway in PCa cells both in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our results suggest that KIF18B plays a crucial role in PCa via activation of the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway, and raise the possibility that KIF18B could have utility as a novel biomarker for PCa.

15.
J Chromatogr A ; 1642: 462041, 2021 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721816

RESUMO

Cortex Lycii, as a kind of traditional Chinese medicines, have shown prospects in the prevention of diabetes and its complications. However, there is comparatively little information regarding the characterization of potentially hypoglycemic compounds derived from Cortex Lycii. In this study, we performed a global non-selective investigation of α-glucosidase inhibitors in Cortex Lycii based on a bioactivity-labeling high-resolution mass spectrometry-metabolomics method. Samples of Cortex Lycii were collected from different Chinese provinces and their ethyl acetate extracts were analyzed using an in vitro α-glucosidase inhibition assay for bioactivity-labeling. The ethyl acetate extracts were also subjected to liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and multivariate data analysis was subsequently conducted to identify correlations between the bioactivity measured from the enzyme-involved test and the profiles obtained based on high-resolution mass spectrometry. The variables contributing significantly to the separation of the more-active from the less-active samples were considered to indicate the potential target ions of active compounds. MS/MS fragment patterns and nuclear magnetic resonance analyses were used to identify the potential target ions. The developed platform mentioned above facilitated rapid identification of four α-glucosidase inhibitors, namely, N-p-trans-coumaroyltyramine (1), N-trans-caffeoyl-tyramine (2), (9R,10E,12Z)-9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acid (3a), and (9S,10E,12Z)-9-hydroxy-10,12-octadecadienoic acid (3b) from Cortex Lycii. The α-glucosidase inhibitory activities of compounds 3a and 3b with IC50 values of 1.0413±0.0551 and 1.0423±0.0049 mM, respectively, are reported here for the first time. Enzyme kinetics revealed that both 3a and 3b were non-competitive inhibitors of α-glucosidase, with Ki values of 2.20 and 2.24 mM, respectively. In short, the presented work identified compounds 3a and 3b as potential α-glucosidase inhibitors with higher inhibitory activity and a different mode of inhibition compared to the standard α-glucosidase inhibitor, acarbose. The integrated approach adopted in this study can be extended as a normalized procedure to rapidly identify active compounds, even from complex extracts, and can readily be adapted for the study of other natural products.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/análise , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Íons , Cinética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Análise Multivariada , Extratos Vegetais/química , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
16.
J Hum Nutr Diet ; 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33751685

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the vitamin D status with its demographic and lifestyle factors including dietary, supplementation, and physical activity in 0-5 years old children. METHODS: This was a large population-based cross-sectional multicentre study in which the children were recruited from 12 Children's Health Care Centers by a stratified cluster random-sampling method in 10 cities in Jiangsu Province, China. RESULTS: A total number of 5289 children were investigated. The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 30.1%. The concentration of 25 hydroxyvitamin D was 64.0 (46.3-83.0) nmol mL-1 after adjustment for covariates. Children with higher risk of vitamin D deficiency were more likely to be at older age, girls, survey conducted in spring, location in southern Jiangsu province, residence in urban, outdoor activity < 2 h day-1 (all p < 0.05). Moreover, those with lower risk were more likely to be the number of parity ≥ 2 times, vitamin D supplementation from birth to 6 months, the initial time of vitamin D supplementation after birth ≤ 1 months, vitamin D and calcium supplementation in the last 3 months, and dose of vitamin D supplementation > 400 IU day-1 (all p < 0.05). Children with preferences for sweets, meat consumption > 150.0 g day-1 , milk consumption < 250 mL day-1 , time of sleeping < 10 h day-1 had higher risks of vitamin D deficiency. However, these relationships were affected by demographics. CONCLUSIONS: Vitamin D status during the first five years of life was suboptimal and was associated with demographic and lifestyle determinants including milk, meat, sweets, vitamin D and calcium supplementation, sleeping and outdoor activity.

17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1533, 2021 03 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750783

RESUMO

Several mechanisms driving SARS-CoV-2 transmission remain unclear. Based on individual records of 1178 potential SARS-CoV-2 infectors and their 15,648 contacts in Hunan, China, we estimated key transmission parameters. The mean generation time was estimated to be 5.7 (median: 5.5, IQR: 4.5, 6.8) days, with infectiousness peaking 1.8 days before symptom onset, with 95% of transmission events occurring between 8.8 days before and 9.5 days after symptom onset. Most transmission events occurred during the pre-symptomatic phase (59.2%). SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility to infection increases with age, while transmissibility is not significantly different between age groups and between symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. Contacts in households and exposure to first-generation cases are associated with higher odds of transmission. Our findings support the hypothesis that children can effectively transmit SARS-CoV-2 and highlight how pre-symptomatic and asymptomatic transmission can hinder control efforts.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Busca de Comunicante , /patogenicidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Características da Família , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33783328

RESUMO

Mislabelling is a significant manifestation of food fraud. Traditional Sanger sequencing technology is the gold standard for seafood species identification. However, this method is not suitable for analysing processed samples that may contain more than one species. This study tested the feasibility of next-generation sequencing in identifying mixed salmon products. Salmon samples containing up to eight species were amplified using 16S rRNA mini-barcode primers, and sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq2500 platform. All species were accurately identified, and mixtures as low as 1% (w/w) could be detected. Furthermore, this study conducted a market survey of 32 products labelled as salmon. For pure and mixed fish products, Sanger and next-generation sequencing techniques were respectively used for species identification, and for NGS results, we also used real-time PCR method to cross-validate the mixed products to further verify the accuracy of the DNA metabarcoding technology established in this study. DNA barcoding and metabarcoding of commercial salmon food products revealed the presence of mislabelling in 16 of 32 (50%) samples. The developed DNA barcoding and metabarcoding methods are useful for the identification of salmon species in food and can be used for quality control of various types of salmon products.

19.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33719200

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the significance of serum C-reactive protein (CRP), the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), the platelet count/mean platelet volume ratio (PC/MPV), plasma fibrinogen, and D-Dimer in periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) diagnosis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 149 patients diagnosed from July 2016 to December 2019 with primary osteoarthritis (OA group, average age 63.18 years [range, 53-82 years] 18 males, 46 females), PJI (PJI group, average age 63.74 years [range, 52-81 years], 16 males, 31 females), and aseptic loosening (aseptic group, average age 63.18 years [range, 53-80 years], 12 male, 26 female) in our department. Demographic data and the sensitivity and specificity of preoperative CRP, ESR, PC/MPV, fibrinogen, and D-Dimer in PJI diagnosis were compared. RESULTS: There were no significant differences when the demographic data of the three groups were compared. The expression level of CRP (50.67 ± 58.98 mg/L), ESR (50.55 ± 25.81 mm/h), PC/MPV (35.79 ± 18.00), and fibrinogen (4.85 ± 1.33 µg/mL) in the PJI group were higher than in the OA group (CRP: 4.09 ± 9.68 mg/L; ESR:13.44 ± 9.32 mm/1 h; PC/MPV: 24.97 ± 7.58; fibrinogen: 3.09 ± 0.55 µg/mL) and the aseptic group (CRP: 7.01 ± 11.83 mg/L; ESR: 22.47 ± 17.53 mm/1 h; PC/MPV: 25.18 ± 11.48; fibrinogen: 3.39 ± 0.80 µg/mL), respectively. The expression level of plasma D-dimer (1.60 ± 1.29 mg/L) in the PJI group was higher than in the OA group (0.49 ± 0.42 mg/L) but similar to that in the aseptic group (1.21 ± 1.35 mg/L). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis demonstrated that the areas under the ROC curve (AUC) for CRP, ESR, PC/MPV, fibrinogen, and D-dimer were 0.892 (95% confidence interval, 0.829-0.954), 0.888 (0.829-0.947), 0.686 (0.589-0.784), 0.873 (0.803-0.943), and 0.835 (0.772-0.899), respectively. When PC/MPV > 31.70, fibrinogen >4.01 µg/mL, and D-dimer >1.17 mg/L were set as the threshold values for the diagnosis of PJI, the sensitivity of PC/MPV in PJI diagnosis was lower than that of ESR and plasma fibrinogen. In contrast, there was no significant difference when comparing the specificity of CRP, ESR, PC/MPV, fibrinogen, and D-dimer in PJI diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Plasma fibrinogen is a good new auxiliary diagnostic marker for PJI.

20.
J Cell Physiol ; 2021 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682931

RESUMO

ACSS1/2 converts acetate into acetyl-coenzyme A, which contributes to histone acetylation in the mitochondria and cytoplasm. Zygotic genome activation (ZGA) is critical for embryo development involving drastic histone modification. An efficient crRNAs-Cas13a targeting strategy was employed to investigate the ACSS1/2 function during ZGA. The results showed that nuclear accumulation of ACSS1 and ACSS2 occurs during ZGA. Knockdown of ACSS1/2 did not affect blastocyst formation when using a normal medium. On culturing embryos in a medium with acetate and no pyruvate (-P + Ace), knockdown of ACSS1 did not affect histone acetylation levels but significantly reduced ATP levels, whereas knockdown of ACSS2 significantly reduced histone acetylation levels in porcine embryos. Inhibition of fatty acid beta-oxidation by etomoxir significantly reduced ATP levels, which could be restored by acetate. The histone acetylation levels in the ACSS1 and ACSS2 knockdown groups both decreased considerably after etomoxir treatment. Moreover, acetate showed dose-dependent effects on SIRT1 and SIRT3 levels when under metabolic stress. The C-terminus of ACSS1 regulated the nuclear translocation. In conclusion, ACSS1/2 helps to maintain ATP and histone acetylation levels in porcine early embryos under metabolic stress during ZGA.

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