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1.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(9): 900-903, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638216

RESUMO

Chemokine CXC ligand 12 (CXCL12)-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) signal axis is involved in the regulation of liver injury repair and the occurrence and development of liver fibrosis. In case of acute and chronic liver injury, the expression of CXCL12 is up-regulated to collect CXCR4-positive immune cells to migrate to the liver. The CXCL12-CXCR4 pathway participates in the occurrence of liver fibrosis by promoting the activation and proliferation of hepatic stellate cells. The emergence of small molecule inhibitors of CXCR4 makes this receptor an attractive target for anti-fibrosis therapy. At present, CXCR4 has been tried as an anti-fibrosis treatment targets for fibrosis of various organs, including pulmonary fibrosis and chronic pancreatitis. However, some studies have shown that simply blocking the CXCL12/CXCR4 axis cannot improve liver fibrosis and even aggravate liver injury. In recent years, with the discovery and understanding of CXCR7, another receptor of CXCR12, the counteracting role of CXCR4-promoting fibrosis pathway and CXCR7-promoting regeneration pathway in liver regeneration and liver fibrosis has been interpreted. Therefore, a full understanding of the regulatory mechanism of CXCL12-CXCR4/CXCR7 pathway, the development of corresponding targeted therapy research for liver disease, and the rebalancing of CXCR4 and CXCR7 are expected to become a new strategy for the liver fibrosis therapy.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL12 , Regeneração Hepática , Humanos , Ligantes , Cirrose Hepática , Receptores CXCR4 , Transdução de Sinais
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(18): 5610-5618, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34604953

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore the biological roles of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) ZNF281 and KLF15 in regulating cervical carcinoma progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Differential expressions of ZNF281 in 58 collected cervical carcinoma and normal tissues were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between ZNF281 and clinicopathologic characteristics in cervical carcinoma patients was analyzed. By generating ZNF281 knockdown model in HeLa and SiHa cells through the transfection of shZNF281, migratory ability changes were examined via transwell and wound healing assay. The role of ZNF281 in in vivo tumorgenicity of cervical carcinoma was examined by implanting xenografted cancers in nude mice. The downstream target of ZNF281 and their interaction were assessed by bioinformatics tool and Dual-Luciferase reporter assay, respectively. Finally, co-regulations of ZNF281 and KLF15 on cervical carcinoma progression were elucidated. RESULTS: ZNF281 was upregulated in cervical carcinoma tissues and cell lines. It was correlated to TNM staging, and incidences of lymphatic metastasis and distant metastasis in cervical carcinoma patients, while it was unrelated to age and tumor size. The knockdown of ZNF281 effectively attenuated migratory ability in HeLa and SiHa cells. Besides, knockdown of ZNF281 also reduced tumorigenicity of cervical carcinoma in nude mice. KLF15 was the downstream gene binding ZNF281, and they were negatively correlated to each other in cervical carcinoma tissues. Notably, KLF15 was responsible for ZNF281-induced regulation on cervical carcinoma migration. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA ZNF281 is upregulated in cervical carcinoma samples, and it is correlated to lymphatic metastasis, distant metastasis, and poor prognosis in cervical carcinoma patients. By targeting KLF15, ZNF281 triggers migratory potential in cervical carcinoma. We believed that ZNF281 is a promising biomarker for cervical carcinoma.

3.
Res Pract Thromb Haemost ; 5(6): e12581, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34553121

RESUMO

Background: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a life-threatening thrombotic complication after heparin exposure. However, the role of ADAMTS-13 and von Willebrand factor (VWF) in the disease process and outcomes of HIT is not known. Objective: To determine the potential role of ADAMTS-13 and VWF in hospitalized patients suspected with HIT. Methods: Associations of the HIT tests, ADAMTS-13 activity, and VWF antigen or activity with other clinical parameters and outcomes in the patients suspected with HIT were determined. Results: Of 261 patients, 87 (33.3%) were positive and 174 (66.7%) were negative for a HIT antibody determined by an enzyme immunoassay (EIA). Of these 87 EIA+ patients, 31 (35.6%) were also positive but 56 (64.4%) were negative for serotonin-releasing assay (SRA). There was no statistically significant difference among all three groups (i.e., EIA-, EIA+/SRA+, and EIA+/SRA-) as to their demographic features, reasons for admission to the hospital, type of procedures performed, and in-hospital mortality. Compared to those in the healthy controls, plasma ADAMTS-13 activity in patients suspected with HIT was significantly lower but plasma VWF antigen (VWFAg) and activity (VWFAc) in these patients were significantly higher. While there was no statistically significant difference among all three groups regarding plasma levels of ADAMTS-13 activity, VWFAg, and VWFAc, plasma levels of ADAMTS-13 activity <50% or the low ratios of ADAMTS-13 activity to VWFAg (or VWFAc) are highly predictive for a 90-day mortality rate, particularly in the EIA+SRA+ group. Conclusions: These results demonstrate that relative deficiency of plasma ADAMTS-13 activity in hospitalized patients suspected with HIT is common, which may contribute at least in part to the adverse outcomes in this patient population, particularly in those with true HIT.

5.
Anim Genet ; 52(5): 749-753, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34403536

RESUMO

The dominance effect is a kind of non-additive effect due to the interaction between alleles at the same locus. Quantitative traits such as growth traits in farm animals have been found to be influenced by dominance effects. However, dominance effects are usually ignored in the genome-wide association study (GWAS) of complex traits for farm animals. In this study, we performed GWAS and genetic parameters estimation for the two traits age at 100 kg (AGE) and backfat thickness at 100 kg (BF) of 3572 Large White pigs. The pigs were from three breeding farms of China and were genotyped by an in-house designed 50k SNP chip. Our results showed significant non-zero variance for the dominance effect of AGE, while the dominance effect of BF was not significant. Using a GWAS model accounting for both additive and dominance effects, we identified three additive and two dominance significant SNPs for the trait AGE. For the trait BF, three genome-wide significant additive SNPs were detected, but no significant SNP was found for the dominance effect. In total, six important functional genes (NPAS3, USP16, PARN, ARL15, GPC3, ABHD4) near significant SNPs were identified as candidate genes associated with AGE or BF. Notably, ARL15 and PARN were associated with AGE near the dominance association signals. Overall, the newly detected SNPs and newly identified candidate genes in our study added new information about the genetic architectures of growth and fatness traits in pigs, and have the potential to be applied to the pig breeding program in the future.


Assuntos
Adiposidade/genética , Genes Dominantes , Sus scrofa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sus scrofa/genética , Animais , China , Estudos de Associação Genética/veterinária , Genótipo , Modelos Genéticos , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
7.
Br Poult Sci ; : 1-8, 2021 Aug 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378449

RESUMO

1. A better understanding of intestinal development is essential for the intestinal health of poultry. Intestinal villification starts on embryo day E15 and is generally completed before hatching (E21). The development of lymphoid organs in the intestine starts during embryogenesis. However, transcriptional information on the processing of intestinal morphogenesis and immune development during chick embryogenesis is limited.2. In this work, RNA-sequencing was performed using 12 biological replicates to investigate Hy-Line brown chick embryonic small intestinal transcription at E15 and E21. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between E15 and E21 were identified. GO and KEGG enrichment analyses, based on the DEGs, were performed to identify key GO terms in the biological process category and key KEGG pathways. PPI networks were constructed based on the DEGs in the key pathways to screen hub genes. The embryonic small intestinal morphology and IgA distribution were observed by histological processing. The serum levels of IgA and lysozyme were measured by ELISA.3. A total of 76.38 Gb of high-quality RNA-sequencing data were generated and uploaded. A total of 2,676 DEGs, between E15 and E21, were identified. Structural development and villification of the small intestine at E15 tended to proceed via the expression of nervous system development-related genes. A combination of the histological and serological results with the transcriptome data indicated that the identified genes and pathways may be strong candidates for intestinal morphogenesis-regulation.4. The small intestine appears to have developed a relatively complete morphology and transport, metabolism, digestion and immunity functions by E21. This work provided a transcriptome profile of the chick embryonic small intestine and provided insights into the intestinal development and health of poultry.

8.
Hepatology ; 2021 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435708

RESUMO

Androgen receptor (AR) has been reported to play an important role in the development and progression of man's prostate cancer. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is also male-dominant, but the role of AR in HCC remains poorly understood. Here we show that mTORC1 interacts with hepatic AR and phosphorylates it at S96 in response to nutrient and mitogenic stimuli in HCC cells. S96 phosphorylation promotes the stability, nuclear localization and transcriptional activity of AR, which enhances de novo lipogenesis and proliferation in hepatocytes and induces liver steatosis and hepatocarcinogenesis in mice independently and cooperatively with androgen. Furthermore, high ARS96 phosphorylation is observed in human liver steatotic and HCC tissues and is associated with overall survival and disease-free survival, which has been proven as an independent survival predictor for HCC patients. IN CONCLUSION: AR S96 phosphorylation by mTORC1drives liver steatosis and HCC development and progression independently and cooperatively with androgen, which not only explains why HCC is man-biased but also provides a target molecule for prevention and treatment of HCC and a potential survival predictor in HCC patients.

9.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 29(7): 716-720, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371546

RESUMO

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a common complication in patients with liver cirrhosis, and it is also an important inducement for patients with liver cirrhosis to develop into an acute decompensated stage, and thereby has become the concern and difficulties of clinical treatment. SBP pathogenic bacteria varies with time and region, and the confirmed detection rate of Gram-positive bacteria and multidrug-resistant bacteria has been increasing year by year. Therefore, whether the antimicrobial treatment plan based on the previous guidelines is still applicable remains to be further explored. This paper focuses on introducing the pathogenic bacteria characteristics for cirrhosis combined with SBP in different study populations, different regions, different time, and different infection modes, and further summarizes empirical antimicrobial treatment plan according to the changes of SBP pathogenic bacteria, in order to provide theoretical basis for clinical treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Peritonite , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bactérias , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Peritonite/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Cancer Res ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429326

RESUMO

The SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complexes control accessibility of chromatin to transcriptional and co-regulatory machineries. Chromatin remodeling plays important roles in normal physiology and diseases, particularly cancer. The ARID1A-containing SWI/SNF complex is commonly mutated and thought to be a key tumor suppressor in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its regulation in response to oncogenic signals remains poorly understood. mTOR is a conserved central controller of cell growth and an oncogenic driver of HCC. Remarkably, cancer mutations in mTOR and SWI/SNF complex are mutually exclusive in human HCC tumors, suggesting that they share a common oncogenic function. Here we report that mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) interact with ARID1A and regulates ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation of ARID1A protein. The mTORC1-ARID1A axis promoted oncogenic chromatin remodeling and YAP-dependent transcription, thereby enhancing liver cancer cell growth in vitro and tumor development in vivo. Conversely, excessive ARID1A expression counteracted AKT-driven liver tumorigenesis in vivo. Moreover, dysregulation of this axis conferred resistance to mTOR-targeted therapies. These findings demonstrate that the ARID1A-SWI/SNF complex is a regulatory target for oncogenic mTOR signaling, which is important for mTORC1-driven hepatocarcinogenesis with implications for therapeutic interventions in HCC.

11.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(7): 563-569, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34455743

RESUMO

Objective: To study the distribution and drug resistance of Carbapenem-Resistant Organism (CRO) and to analysis the risk factors of CRO 30-day mortality. Methods: A total of 181 patients with CRO infection diagnosed in Department of Hematology, Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2018 to June 2020 were retrospectively investigated. The clinical and laboratory data of the patients were collected, the prognosis of patients diagnosed with CRO infection in day 30 was followed up, and the risk factors of prognosis were analyzed. The clinical significance of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) active screening was further evaluated in the CRE subgroup. Results: Among the total of 181 CRO isolates, 47.2% were CRE, 37.0% were Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and 32.6% were Klebsiella pneumoniae, which were highly resistant to carbapenem and had high MIC value, 76.8% (139/181) of CRO were MIC of imipenem resistance≥16 µg/ml. The main sources of isolates were blood and sputum. The 30-day all-cause mortality rates of patients with CRO or CRE infection were (41.4±3.7) % and (44.7±5.4) %, respectively. The COX multivariate regression analysis showed that the level of procalcitonin >0.2 ng/ml and the MIC value of imipenem resistance ≥ 16 µg/ml were independent risk factors for 30-day mortality of CRO infected patients. The CRE subgroup analysis showed that MIC value of imipenem resistance ≥16 µg/ml were independent risk factors for 30-day mortality of CRE infected patients. The 30-day cumulative survival rate of patients with CRE active screening was higher than the patients without CRE active screening [ (68.0±9.3) % vs (50.0±6.5) %, P=0.21]. Conclusion: The high MIC value of imipenem resistance isolates seriously affects the prognosis of patients with CRO infection in the hematology department, and the mortality rate was high. CRE active screening is expected for early prevention, early diagnosis, and early treatment for high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Carbapenêmicos , Hematologia , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Carbapenêmicos/farmacologia , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(7): 1044-1049, 2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34308854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided rotational atherectomy (RA) combined with cutting balloon for pretreatment of severe calcified lesions in the coronary artery before stent placement. METHODS: A total of 120 patients with severe coronary artery calcifications detected by IVUS that required percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were recruited from our hospital between January, 2016 to January, 2019. The patients were randomized into two groups for pretreatment of the lesions with semicompliant balloon (SB group, 60 cases) or RA combined with CB (RA+CB group, 60 cases), and drug-eluting stents were implanted after the procedure. The immediate success rate of PCI, vascular parameters detected by IVUS after PCI, and the rates of residual stenosis < 10% were compared between the two groups. The incidences of intraoperative complications and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) within 24 months after the surgery were also observed in the two groups. RESULTS: The immediate success rate was significantly higher in RA+CB group than in SB group (P=0.032). After pretreatment and stent placement, the minimum stent lumen diameter (P=0.035), minimum stent lumen cross-sectional area (P=0.029), immediate lumen acquisition, immediate lumen cross-sectional area acquisition and the rate of residual stenosis < 10% were all significantly higher in RA+CB group than in SB group (P < 0.001). The patients in RA+ CB group showed obviously less residual stenosis of lumen cross-sectional area than those in SB group after the surgery (χ2= 7.859, P=0.005). The incidences of intraoperative complications (χ2=5.997, P=0.014) and MACE within 24 months after the operation (χ2=4.285, P=0.038) were significantly lower in RA+CB group than in SB group. CONCLUSION: For patients with severe coronary artery calcifications eligible for PCI, RA combined with CB angioplasty can significantly improve the success rate of immediate PCI, expand the lumen diameter and cross-sectional area of the stent after PCI, enhance immediate lumen gain, and reduce the incidence of intraoperative complications and MACE after the operation.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Aterectomia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Calcificação Vascular , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/cirurgia
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218554

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to explore whether lead exposure could cause anxiety of zebrafish larvae, and to explore its mechanism. Methods: In May 2020, zebrafish embryos 4 hours after fertilization (4 hpf) were collected, E3 culture medium was used as the control group, and different lead exposure concentrations (6, 12, 24, 48 µmol/L) as the poisoned group during the time was 140 h. The mortalities, hatching rates and deformity rates were calculated, the behavioral changes of 144 hpf larvae were observed (moving speed, moving distance, activity, absolute turn angle, the light-evoked startle response, darkness-evoked escape response and thigmotaxis) . The levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were detected in zebrafish larvae in the heads. ELISA kits were used to detect the expression of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) , dopamine (DA) , noradrenaline (NA) and corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) related to anxiety. Results: The mortalities rates of zebrafish embryos in the lead exposure concentration of 12, 24 and 48 µmol/L were higher than the control group, and the embryo hatching rates were lower than control group. The deformity rates of zebrafish larvae in the lead exposure concentration of 24 and 48 µmol/L were higher than control group (P<0.01) . The movement speed, activity and thigmotaxis of zebrafish larvae in the lead exposure concentration of 24 and 48 µmol/L were significantly lower than control group, the absolute turn angle were higher than control group (P<0.01) . The moving distance and darkness-evoked escape response of zebrafish larvae in the lead exposure concentration of 48 µmol/L group were lower than control group (P<0.05) . The light-evoked startle response of zebrafish larvae in the lead exposure concentration of 12, 24 and 48 µmol/L groups were lower than control group (P<0.05) . The ROS levels and MDA concentrations in the heads of larvae in the lead exposure concentration of 24 and 48 µmol/L were higher than control group (P<0.05) . The levels of NA and DA in the heads of the larvae in the lead exposure groups of 12, 24 and 48 µmol/L were lower than control group, and the levels of 5-HT and CRH in the heads of the larvae in the lead exposure groups of 24 and 48 µmol/L were higher than control group (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Lead exposure is toxic to zebrafish embryonic development and may cause anxiety-like neurobehavior changes and oxidative stress in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Chumbo , Peixe-Zebra , Animais , Ansiedade , Larva , Estresse Oxidativo
14.
ESMO Open ; 6(4): 100206, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242966

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the survival benefit of asparaginase (ASP)-based versus non-ASP-based chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy in a real-world cohort of patients with early-stage extranodal nasal-type natural killer/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTCL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 376 patients who received combined radiotherapy with either ASP-based (ASP, platinum, and gemcitabine; n = 286) or non-ASP-based (platinum and gemcitabine; n = 90) regimens. The patients were stratified into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups using the early stage-adjusted nomogram-revised risk index. Overall survival (OS) and distant metastasis (DM)-free survival (DMFS) between the chemotherapy regimens were compared using inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPTW) and multivariable analyses. RESULTS: ASP-based (versus non-ASP-based) regimens significantly improved 5-year OS (84.5% versus 73.2%, P = 0.021) and DMFS (84.4% versus 74.5%, P = 0.014) for intermediate- and high-risk patients, but not for low-risk patients in the setting of radiotherapy. Moreover, ASP-based regimens decreased DM, with a 5-year cumulative DM rate of 14.9% for ASP-based regimens compared with 25.1% (P = 0.014) for non-ASP-based regimens. The survival benefit of ASP-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy remained consistent after adjusting the confounding variables using IPTW and multivariate analyses; additional sensitivity analyses confirmed these results. CONCLUSIONS: The findings provided support for ASP-based chemotherapy and radiotherapy as a first-line treatment strategy for intermediate- and high-risk early-stage ENKTCL.

15.
Opt Lett ; 46(15): 3713-3716, 2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34329263

RESUMO

The Schmidt decomposition is exploited to study the spatial entanglement of laser transverse modes analogous to quantum Lissajous states. Based on the inverse Fourier transform, the stationary Lissajous state can be analytically derived as a coherent superposition of degenerate Hermite-Gaussian eigenmodes. With the derived stationary state, the Schmidt modes and the participation number N can be employed to evaluate the spatial localization and the quantum entanglement. The larger the participation number, the more localized is the stationary coherent state on the Lissajous figure. Moreover, the larger the participation number, the higher is the spatial entanglement.

19.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(6): 537-542, 2021 Jun 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34102715

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of VDR gene silencing on proliferation of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) and elucidate the role of NF-κB. Methods: A recombinant lentiviral vector specifically targeting VDR gene in rat was constructed by RNA interference. Rat ASMCs were divided into blank group, empty vector group and interference group. ASM cell line model stably silencing the VDR gene RNA expressing was selected by puromycin. Then MTT colorimetric assay and cell cycle analysis by flow cytometry were used to examine cell proliferation. The activation of nuclear factor-κB was determined by immunofluorescence double label method. Moreover, NF-κB-dependent transcription activity was tested through luciferase reporter gene assay. Western blotting was used for IκBα and phospho-IκBα protein levels and actinomycin D treatment was used to determine IκBα mRNA stability. All statistical analyses were performed using SPSS version 23.0 software. Differences between groups were analyzed using one-way ANOVA analysis. Multiple comparisons among groups were made by Student-Newman-Keuls test. Results: (1) As compared with those in the blank group and the empty vector group, the cell proliferation index (PI) and the percent of ASMCs at G2/M phase in the interference group were markedly increased (P<0.05), but their percent at G0/1 phase was decreased (P<0.05).(2) In the interference group, the nuclear translocation of NF-κB p65 in ASMCs was obviously induced. And its level of receptor gene NF-κB p65 (1.37±0.28) was significantly higher than that in the blank group (1.00±0.19,P=0.031) and in the empty vector group (0.96±0.18,P=0.027).(3) In the interference group, the IκBα protein level in ASMCs (0.13±0.04) was obviously less than that in the blank group (0.29±0.05, P=0.023) and in the empty vector group (0.32±0.07, P=0.014). Oppositely, the p-IκBα/IκBα level in the interference group (0.86±0.04) was much more than that in the blank control group (0.41±0.07, P=0.026) and in the empty vector group (0.37±0.05, P=0.017). (4) In the interference group, IκBα mRNA showed a shorter half-life, (171.31±9.67) min, compared to that in the blank group [(224.69±7.95) min,P=0.032] and in the empty vector group [(230.41±6.37) min,P=0.035]. Conclusion: VDR gene silencing could promote ASMC proliferation and the underlying mechanism may involve the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Inibidor de NF-kappaB alfa/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Ratos , Receptores de Calcitriol
20.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101: 1921-1928, 2021 Jun 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139825

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the association of the cadmium internal exposure with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Chinese adults aged 18 and older. Methods: A total of 9 821 adults aged 18-79 from the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) from 2017 to 2018 were included. Blood and urine cadmium exposure levels were measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), and urine cadmium levels were adjusted with urine creatinine; CKD were defined by estimated glomerular filtration (eGFR) using the chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI). Weights were considered due to complex sampling process for in statistical analysis. Logistic regression is used to analyze the association of blood cadmium, urine cadmium, and urine cadmium adjusted with creatinine exposure levels with CKD, and restricted cube spline (RCS) was used to assess the exposure-response curve of blood cadmium, urine cadmium and urine cadmium adjusted with creatinine with CKD. Results: The weighted age was 44.75 and males accounted for 61.1%. The prevalence rate of CKD was 12.7%. The geometric mean values of blood cadmium, urine cadmium, and urine cadmium adjusted with creatinine were 0.96 µg/L, 0.61 µg/L, and 0.58 µg/g. After adjusting for confounding factors, the weighted logistic regression showed that the lowest quintile (Q1) was compared with the odds ratio (OR) of the highest quintile (Q5) of blood cadmium, urine cadmium, and urine cadmium adjusted with creatinine and the 95% confidence interval (CI) was 1.80 (1.02-3.20), 1.77 (0.94-3.31) and 1.94 (1.11-3.37) respectively. In the restricted cubic spline regression model, non-linear association of blood cadmium, urine cadmium, and urine cadmium adjusted with creatinine with CKD were observed after adjusting for related confounding factors (P<0.001, 0.018, 0.031 respectively). The risk of CKD increased with the increment of cadmium exposure without risk threshold, and the exposure response curve was steeper at low cadmium exposure. Conclusions: Among Chinese adults aged 18 and older, cadmium exposure is positively associated with the risk of chronic kidney disease.

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