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1.
Chemistry ; 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187750

RESUMO

Two novel bipolar deep-blue fluorescent emitters, IP-PPI and IP-DPPI featuring different lengths of phenyl bridge, were designed and synthesized, in which imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine (IP) and phenanthroimidazole (PI) were proposed as an electron-acceptor and an electron donor respectively. Both exhibited outstanding thermal stability and high emission quantum yield. All the devices based on these two materials showed negligible efficiency roll-off with increasing current density. Impressively, non-doped organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on IP-PPI and IP-DPPI exhibited EQE of 4.85% and 4.74% with CIE coordinates of (0.153, 0.097) and (0.154, 0.114) at 10000 cd m-2, respectively. Besides, the 40 wt% IP-PPI doped device maintained high EQE of 5.23% with CIE coordinates of (0.154, 0.077) at 10000 cd m-2. The doped device based on 20 wt% IP-DPPI exhibited higher deep-blue electroluminescence (EL) performance with maximum EQE up to 6.13% at CIE of (0.153, 0.078) and remained EQE of 5.07% at 10000 cd m -2 . To the best of our knowledge, these performances are among the state-of-the art devices with CIEy ≤ 0.08 at a high brightness of 10000 cd m -2 . Furthermore, by doping a red phosphorescent dye Ir(MDQ)2 into IP-PPI and IP-DPPI hosts, high-performance red PhOLEDs with EQE of 20.8% and 19.1% were achieved, respectively. This work may provide a new approach for designing highly efficient deep-blue emitters with negligible roll-off for OLED applications.

2.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176485

RESUMO

Selective and efficient catalytic conversion of carbon dioxide (CO2) into value-added fuels and feedstocks provides an ideal avenue to high-density renewable energy storage. An impediment to enabling deep CO2 reduction to oxygenates and hydrocarbons (e.g., C2+ compounds) is the difficulty of coupling carbon-carbon bonds efficiently. Copper in the +1 oxidation state has been thought to be active for catalyzing C2+ formation, whereas it is prone to being reduced to Cu0 at cathodic potentials. Here we report that catalysts with nanocavities can confine carbon intermediates formed in situ, which in turn covers the local catalyst surface and thereby stabilizes Cu+ species. Experimental measurements on multihollow cuprous oxide catalyst exhibit a C2+ Faradaic efficiency of 75.2 ± 2.7% at a C2+ partial current density of 267 ± 13 mA cm-2 and a large C2+-to-C1 ratio of ∼7.2. Operando Raman spectra, in conjunction with X-ray absorption studies, confirm that Cu+ species in the as-designed catalyst are well retained during CO2 reduction, which leads to the marked C2+ selectivity at a large conversion rate.

3.
Nano Lett ; 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32208707

RESUMO

Long-distance hop of diffusive nanoparticles in crowded environments was commonly considered unlikely and its characteristics remain unclear. In this work, we experimentally identify the occurrence of the intermittent hops of large nanoparticles in the crowded entangled polyethylene oxide (PEO) solutions, which is attributed to thermally induced activated hopping. We show that the diffusion of NPs in crowded solutions is considered as a superposition of the activated hopping and the reptation of the polymer solution. Such activated hopping becomes significant when either the PEO molecular weight is large enough or the particle size is relatively small. We reveal that the time-dependent non-Gaussianity of the particle diffusion is determined by the competition of the short-time relaxation of a polymer entanglement strand, the activated hopping, and the long-time reptation. We propose an exponential scaling law τhop/τe ~ exp(d/dt) to characterize the hopping timescale, suggesting a linear dependence of the activated hopping energy barrier on the dimensionless particle size. The activated hopping motion can only be observed between the onset timescale of the short-time relaxation of local entanglement strands and the termination timescale of the long-time relaxation. Our findings on activated hopping provide new insights into long-distance transportation of NPs in crowded biological environments, which is essential to the delivery and targeting of nanomedicines.

4.
Int J Oncol ; 56(3): 750-760, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124963

RESUMO

Pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinomas (PSCs) are a rare subtype of non­small­cell lung cancer and are typically biphasic neoplasms. No effective treatment for PSCs is currently available in clinical practice. The expression of the epithelial­mesenchymal transition (EMT) transcription factors, Twist1, Slug and Snail, as well as the EMT phenotype and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) were analysed in 41 PSC and 79 pulmonary squamous carcinoma (PSCC) samples. Compared with the PSCCs, the PSCs exhibited an EMT phenotype and VM, and they also exhibited an increased expression of the Twist1, Slug, Snail and VM markers. Twist1 expression was associated with metastasis and TNM stage. Twist1­positive patients exhibited a poorer prognosis for overall survival (OS) than those with Twist1­negative PSCs. Transforming growth factor ß1 (TGFß1) was used to induce an EMT transition in a PSCC cell line. SK­MES­1 cells treated with TGFß1 exhibited an increased expression of Twist1. The EMT phenotype, VM and increased migratory and invasive abilities were induced following TGFß1 treatment. Importantly, in cells treated with TGFß1, the EMT phenotype was reversed, VM marker expression was decreased, and the migratory and invasive ability of the PSCC cell line was decreased following Twist1 knockdown. Collectively, this study provides a new perspective of Twist1 in the aggressiveness of PSCs. The identification of Twist1 as an independent marker of poor prognoses may lead to the development of novel strategies for improving the treatment of patients with PSC.

5.
J Med Internet Res ; 22(1): e16816, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32012074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Natural language processing (NLP) is an important traditional field in computer science, but its application in medical research has faced many challenges. With the extensive digitalization of medical information globally and increasing importance of understanding and mining big data in the medical field, NLP is becoming more crucial. OBJECTIVE: The goal of the research was to perform a systematic review on the use of NLP in medical research with the aim of understanding the global progress on NLP research outcomes, content, methods, and study groups involved. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using the PubMed database as a search platform. All published studies on the application of NLP in medicine (except biomedicine) during the 20 years between 1999 and 2018 were retrieved. The data obtained from these published studies were cleaned and structured. Excel (Microsoft Corp) and VOSviewer (Nees Jan van Eck and Ludo Waltman) were used to perform bibliometric analysis of publication trends, author orders, countries, institutions, collaboration relationships, research hot spots, diseases studied, and research methods. RESULTS: A total of 3498 articles were obtained during initial screening, and 2336 articles were found to meet the study criteria after manual screening. The number of publications increased every year, with a significant growth after 2012 (number of publications ranged from 148 to a maximum of 302 annually). The United States has occupied the leading position since the inception of the field, with the largest number of articles published. The United States contributed to 63.01% (1472/2336) of all publications, followed by France (5.44%, 127/2336) and the United Kingdom (3.51%, 82/2336). The author with the largest number of articles published was Hongfang Liu (70), while Stéphane Meystre (17) and Hua Xu (33) published the largest number of articles as the first and corresponding authors. Among the first author's affiliation institution, Columbia University published the largest number of articles, accounting for 4.54% (106/2336) of the total. Specifically, approximately one-fifth (17.68%, 413/2336) of the articles involved research on specific diseases, and the subject areas primarily focused on mental illness (16.46%, 68/413), breast cancer (5.81%, 24/413), and pneumonia (4.12%, 17/413). CONCLUSIONS: NLP is in a period of robust development in the medical field, with an average of approximately 100 publications annually. Electronic medical records were the most used research materials, but social media such as Twitter have become important research materials since 2015. Cancer (24.94%, 103/413) was the most common subject area in NLP-assisted medical research on diseases, with breast cancers (23.30%, 24/103) and lung cancers (14.56%, 15/103) accounting for the highest proportions of studies. Columbia University and the talents trained therein were the most active and prolific research forces on NLP in the medical field.

6.
Carbohydr Polym ; 230: 115622, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887866

RESUMO

In this work, temperature-pressure severally controlled explosion pretreatment (TPE) was proposed to pretreat poplar chips to improve the cellulase hydrolysis yield. In TPE process, native poplar chips (NP) were mixed with steam and N2 under pressure of 2.6, 2.8 and 3.0 MPa at 209 °C for 7 min. Meanwhile, steam explosion (SE) was also used to pretreat poplar chips for comparison at 209 °C (1.9 MPa) for 7 min. Results showed that the contents of hemicellulose and lignin were decreased from 19.4 % to 4.6 % and from 27.8 %-19.5 % with increasing pressure, respectively. For cellulase hydrolysis process, TPE was more advantageous than SE due to lower contents of hemicellulose and lignin, resulting in a higher cellulose conversion (40.7 %) in relation to SE sample (34.9 %). The Langmuir isothermal- type equation expressed the factors related to the hydrolysis capacity, and the results showed that this model can well describe the kinetics of the enzymatic hydrolysis.

7.
Inflammation ; 43(1): 32-43, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894450

RESUMO

Air pollution events frequently occur in China during the winter. Most investigations of pollution studies have focused on the physical and chemical properties of PM2.5. Many of these studies have indicated that PM2.5 exacerbates asthma or eosinophil inflammation. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between bacterial loads in PM2.5, and especially pathogenic bacteria and childhood asthma. Airborne PM2.5 samples from heavily polluted air were collected in Hangzhou, China between December 2014 and January 2015. PM2.5 and ovalbumin (OVA) were intratracheally administered twice in 4-week intervals to induce the allergic pulmonary inflammation in adolescent C57/BL6 mice. PM2.5 exposure caused neutrophilic alveolitis and bronchitis. In the presence of OVA, the levels of the Th2 cytokines IL-4, IL-12, and IL-17 were significantly increased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluids (BALF) after PM2.5 exposure, while eosinophil infiltration and mucin secretion were also induced. In addition to adjuvant effects on OVA-induced allergic inflammation, PM2.5 exposure also led to the maturation of dendritic cells. These results suggest that PM2.5 exposure may aggravate lung eosinophilia and that PM2.5-bound microbial can exacerbate allergic and inflammatory lung diseases.

8.
Rev Neurosci ; 2020 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31926107

RESUMO

To evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of passive cellular immunotherapy for glioma, a total of 979 patients were assigned to the meta-analysis. PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were searched initially from February 2018 and updated in April 2019. The overall survival (OS) rates and Karnofsky performance status (KPS) values of patients who underwent passive cellular immunotherapy were compared to those of patients who did not undergo immunotherapy. The proportion of survival rates was also evaluated in one group of clinical trials. Pooled analysis was performed with random- or fixed-effects models. Clinical trials of lymphokine-activated killer cells, cytotoxic T lymphocytes, autologous tumor-specific T lymphocytes, chimeric antigen receptor T cells, cytokine-induced killer cells, cytomegalovirus-specific T cells, and natural killer cell therapies were selected. Results showed that treatment of glioma with passive cellular immunotherapy was associated with a significantly improved 0.5-year OS (p = 0.003) as well as improved 1-, 1.5-, and 3-year OS (p ≤ 0.05). A meta-analysis of 206 patients in one group of clinical trials with 12-month follow-up showed that the overall pooled survival rate was 37.9% (p = 0.003). Analysis of KPS values demonstrated favorable results for the immunotherapy arm (p < 0.001). Thus, the present meta-analysis showed that passive cellular immunotherapy prolongs survival and improves quality of life for glioma patients, suggesting that it has some clinical benefits.

9.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(2): 1322-1331, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961801

RESUMO

The prevalence of intracranial arterial stenosis (IAS) as well as antinuclear antibody (ANA) positivity was found to be higher in Asians than that in the Western population. To investigate the relation of ANAs with IAS in patients with acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease, we enrolled 2492 patients with acute ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack into the study. All the patients were categorized into 3 groups according to the IAS burden. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used in statistical analysis. The positive rate of ANAs in the IAS ≥ 2 group was higher than that in the single IAS group and the no IAS group (p<0.001). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) for IAS ≥ 2 in ANAs-positive patients was 3.737 (95%CI=2.676-5.220, p<0.001) compared with the ANAs-negative patients. ANAs were associated with multiple IAS rather than single IAS in both male and female subgroups. Besides, ANAs were significantly associated with single and multiple IAS in individuals ≤ 60 years. However, ANAs were only associated with two or more IAS in two age groups (between 61 to 75 years and >75 years old). In summary, ANAs are associated with IAS in patients with acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease.

10.
Antiviral Res ; 175: 104716, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981575

RESUMO

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is the most economically important infectious disease affecting the global swine industry, especially since vaccination has had limited impact on PRRSV prevention and control. In this study, the monoclonal antibody PR5nf1 (Mab-PR5nf1, IgM isotype) was shown to react with heterogeneous PRRSV isolates belonging to both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 species. Pepsin digestion of Mab-PR5nf1 did not affect Mab binding to virions, as F(ab)2 fragments demonstrated the same reactivity as undigested Mab. Upon further investigation, Mab-PR5nf1 could neutralize all tested PRRSV isolates of both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2, suggesting it was a broadly neutralizing Mab against PRRSV. Interestingly, Mab-PR5nf1 appeared to recognize a specific virus epitope that required post-translational modification within the host cellular Golgi apparatus. Deglycosylation of PRRSV virions with PNGase F abolished Mab binding, suggesting that a novel Mab-binding epitope may exist that confers cross-protection against isolates of both PRRSV species. Additionally, immunization of mice with a cocktail of inactivated PRRSV virus and Mab-PR5nf1 enhanced cell-mediated immunity, as determined by IFN-γ ELIspot. In conclusion, this is the first report describing a novel Mab that recognizes a conserved epitope common to both PRRSV-1 and PRRSV-2 and provides valuable insights to guide future PRRSV vaccine development.

11.
ChemMedChem ; 15(2): 182-187, 2020 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31755225

RESUMO

A new class of pyrimidine derivatives were identified as potent protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) inhibitors for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Most of these small-molecule inhibitors displayed strong enzymatic activity against BTK and JAK3 kinases at concentrations lower than 10 nM. The representative compound N-(3-((5-chloro-2-(4-((1-morpholino)acetylamino)phenylamino)-4-pyrimidinyl)amino)phenyl)acrylamide (6 a) also exhibited high inhibitory potency toward both BTK and JAK kinase families, as well as ErbB4, at a concentration of 10 nM, achieving rates of inhibition higher than 57 %. Additionally, in vivo biological evaluations showed that 6 a can remarkably decrease the severity of IPF disease. All these investigations suggested that the multi-PTK inhibitor 6 a may serve as a promising agent for the treatment of IPF.

12.
Bioorg Med Chem ; 28(2): 115254, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31866272

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a serious and fatal lung disease, with a median survival of only 3-5 years from diagnosis. Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) has a well-established role in the pathogenesis of various autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and autoimmune-related pulmonary fibrosis. In this study, through the use of a conformationally-constrained design strategy, a series of thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidines were synthesized as potent JAK3 inhibitors for the treatment of IPF. Among them, the most potent JAK3 inhibitor, namely 8e (IC50 = 1.38 nM), significantly reduced the degree of airsacculitis and fibrosis according to hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining assay for the lung tissue in the bleomycin (BLM)-induced pulmonary fibrosis mouse model. The clear reduction of the lung collagen deposition by the determination of Masson and hydroxyproline (HYP) content also demonstrated its efficacy in the treatment of fibrosis. In addition, 8e also reduced the expression of the inflammatory markers IL-6, IL-17A, TNF-α and malondialdehyde (MDA) in lung tissue, which indicated its higher anti-inflammatory activity compared with that of the reference agents (nintedanib and gefitinib). Furthermore, it possessed low cytotoxicity against normal human bronchial epithelia (HBE) cells (IC50 > 39.0 µM) and C57BL mice. All these evaluated biological properties suggest that 8e may be a potential JAK3 inhibitor for the treatment of IPF.

13.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(51): 48583-48593, 2019 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31790573

RESUMO

Superhydrophobicity based on the micro- and nanostructures is frangible to external loading. It is a challenging issue for flexible superhydrophobic surfaces to maintain superhydrophobicity while deforming under external loading. Herein, PDMS-based micro/nanotextured flexible surfaces with robust superhydrophobicity were fabricated by an effective and environmentally friendly method. The formation mechanism of the micro/nanotextured structures and the formation reason for superhydrophobicity were investigated. The effects of reaction time on wettability were also explored. Besides, the changes of morphology and superhydrophobicity under external loading were studied. It is found that micro/nanotextured structures remained unchanged, and only the bottom layer generated cracks under external loading. There were no obvious changes of superhydrophobicity under a tensile strain up to breakage, 500 cycles of bending, and 100 cm height of water droplets and NaCl particle impact. The self-cleaning property was also verified in cleaning the surfaces covered with various contaminants by water droplets. The fabricated PDMS-based micro/nanotextured flexible surfaces with good mechanical stability and self-cleaning property are expected to be applied in flexible electronic devices.

14.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 19817, 2019 Dec 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875012

RESUMO

This study investigated the effect of ethylenediamine-N,N'-disuccinic acid (EDDS), oxalic acid (OA), and citric acid (CA) on phytoextraction of U- and Cd-contaminated soil by Z. pendula. In this study, the biomass of tested plant inhibited significantly following treatment with the high concentration (7.5 mmol·kg-1) EDDS treatment. Maximum U and Cd concentration in the single plant was observed with the 5 mmol·kg-1 CA and 7.5 mmol·kg-1 EDDS treatment, respectively, whereas OA treatments had the lowest U and Cd uptake. The translocation factors of U and Cd reached the maximum in the 5 mmol·kg-1 EDDS. The maximum bioaccumulation of U and Cd in the single plants was 1032.14 µg and 816.87 µg following treatment with 5 mmol·kg-1 CA treatment, which was 6.60- and 1.72-fold of the control groups, respectively. Furthermore, the resultant rank order for available U and Cd content in the soil was CA > EDDS > OA (U) and EDDS > CA > OA (Cd). These results suggested that CA could greater improve the capacity of phytoextraction using Z. pendula in U- and Cd- contaminated soils.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31884699

RESUMO

A considerable challenge in the conversion of carbon dioxide into useful fuels comes from the activation of CO2 to CO2 .- or other intermediates, which often requires precious-metal catalysts, high overpotentials, and/or electrolyte additives (e.g., ionic liquids). We report a microwave heating strategy for synthesizing a transition-metal chalcogenide nanostructure that efficiently catalyzes CO2 electroreduction to carbon monoxide (CO). We found that the cadmium sulfide (CdS) nanoneedle arrays exhibit an unprecedented current density of 212 mA cm-2 with 95.5±4.0 % CO Faraday efficiency at -1.2 V versus a reversible hydrogen electrode (RHE; without iR correction). Experimental and computational studies show that the high-curvature CdS nanostructured catalyst has a pronounced proximity effect which gives rise to large electric field enhancement, which can concentrate alkali-metal cations resulting in the enhanced CO2 electroreduction efficiency.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(49): 46197-46204, 2019 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31722171

RESUMO

Dichromate is a widespread contaminant in wastewater, threatening the health of humans and other organisms. Therefore, effective detection and removal of dichromate from water is of great significance. Herein, a tetraphenylethylene functionalized cationic organic network (CON-LDU2) was constructed via a facile quaternization reaction. CON-LDU2 was successfully integrated with both detection and removal functionalities toward dichromate. On the one hand, benefiting from the strong fluorescence, CON-LDU2 was employed as a chemosensor, it could efficiently and selectively probe Cr2O72- in water with "turn-off" fluorescent response. On the other hand, the cationic skeleton and free anions inside framework make CON-LDU2 an excellent adsorbent for Cr2O72-, it could capture Cr2O72- from water with rapid kinetics and high capacity. The kinetic constant for adsorption of Cr2O72- can reach up to 1.784 g mg-1 min-1, while the capacity is determined as 325 mg g-1. Furthermore, CON-LDU2 displayed good recyclability and can be reused for at least 5 cycles. Therefore, CON-LDU2 can serve as an ideal candidate not only in detection but also in removal of Cr2O72- in water medium.

17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 5338, 2019 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31767845

RESUMO

Many platinum group metal-free inorganic catalysts have demonstrated high intrinsic activity for diverse important electrode reactions, but their practical use often suffers from undesirable structural degradation and hence poor stability, especially in acidic media. We report here an alkali-heating synthesis to achieve phase-mixed cobalt diselenide material with nearly homogeneous distribution of cubic and orthorhombic phases. Using water electroreduction as a model reaction, we observe that the phase-mixed cobalt diselenide reaches the current density of 10 milliamperes per square centimeter at overpotential of mere 124 millivolts in acidic electrolyte. The catalyst shows no sign of deactivation after more than 400 h of continuous operation and the polarization curve is well retained after 50,000 potential cycles. Experimental and computational investigations uncover a boosted covalency between Co and Se atoms resulting from the phase mixture, which substantially enhances the lattice robustness and thereby the material stability. The findings provide promising design strategy for long-lived catalysts in acid through crystal phase engineering.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18145, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770252

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypotensive resuscitation is an old study. But its benefits and losses are still controversial. In clinic, the method of fluid resuscitation needs more reliable experimental evidence. This study's objective is to systematically evaluate the efficacy of hypotensive resuscitation in patients with traumatic hemorrhagic shock. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Through October 2019, Web of Science, PubMed, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Clinical Trials will be systematically searched to identify randomized controlled trials exploring the efficacy of hypotensive resuscitation in traumatic hemorrhagic shock. Strict screening and quality evaluation will be independently performed on the obtained literature by 2 researchers; outcome indexes will be extracted, and a meta-analysis will be performed on the data using Revman 5.3 software. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The stronger evidence about the efficacy of hypotensive resuscitation in traumatic hemorrhagic shock will be provided for clinicians. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42019133169. STRENGTHS OF THIS STUDY: This study is not only a simple combination of data, but also to verify and discuss the reliability of the results, and provide more convincing evidence for clinicians. LIMITATIONS OF THIS STUDY: Firstly, according to the previous literature researching, it is found that the number of relevant randomized controlled trials is small and the quality level of the literature is uneven. Secondly, the efficacy of hypotensive resuscitation is discussed for a long time, different trials may take place at different times. Comparability between different trials is reduced.


Assuntos
Hidratação/métodos , Ressuscitação , Choque Hemorrágico , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Protocolos Clínicos , Humanos , Hipotensão Controlada/métodos , Metanálise como Assunto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ressuscitação/efeitos adversos , Ressuscitação/métodos , Choque Hemorrágico/complicações , Choque Hemorrágico/terapia
19.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224773, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751366

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of tenofovir and entecavir in nucleos(t)ide analogue-naive chronic hepatitis B. METHODS: The Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, Clinical Trials and China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) databases were electronically searched to collect randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding the comparison between tenofovir and entecavir in nucleos(t)ide analogue-naive chronic hepatitis B (CHB) since the date of database inception to July 2019. Two researchers independently screened and evaluated the obtained studies and extracted the outcome indexes. RevMan 5.3 software was used for the meta-analysis. RESULTS: Early on, tenofovir had a greater ability to inhibit the hepatitis B virus, I2 = 0% [RR = 1.08, 95% CI (1.03, 1.13), P<0.01] (96 weeks). Entecavir can normalize the ALT levels earlier, I2 = 0% [RR = 0.87, 95% CI (0.77, 0.98), P = 0.02] (48 weeks). However, there was no statistically significant difference between TDF and ETV at 144 weeks. Tenofovir was as effective as entecavir in terms of HBeAg clearance and HBeAg seroconversion, I2 = 0% [RR = 1.05, 95% CI (0.68, 1.62), P = 0.82]; I2 = 69% [RR = 0.93, 95% CI (0.54, 1.61), P = 0.80]. The difference in the incidence of elevated creatine kinase levels was not statistically significant I2 = 0% [RR = 0.66, 95% CI (0.27, 1.60), P = 0.35]. CONCLUSIONS: Tenofovir and entecavir were equally effective in the treatment of patients with nucleos(t)ide analogue-naive chronic hepatitis B. In addition, TDF has an advantage in the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Additional RCTs and a large-sample prospective cohort study should be performed.

20.
Small ; : e1903739, 2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565845

RESUMO

Single-cell analysis offers unprecedented resolution for the investigation of cellular heterogeneity and the capture of rare cells from large populations. Here, described is a simple method named interfacial nanoinjection (INJ), which can miniaturize various single-cell assays to be performed in nanoliter water-in-oil droplets on standard microwell plates. The INJ droplet handler can adjust droplet volumes for multistep reactions on demand with high precision and excellent monodispersity, and consequently enables a wide range of single-cell assays. Importantly, INJ can be coupled with fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS), which is currently the most effective and accurate single-cell sorting and isolation method. FACS-INJ pipelines for high-throughput plate well-based single-cell analyses, including single-cell proliferation, drug-resistance testing, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), reverse-transcription PCR, and whole-genome sequencing are introduced. This FACS-INJ pipeline is compatible with a wide range of samples and can be extended to various single-cell analysis applications in microbiology, cell biology, and biomedical diagnostics.

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