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1.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 18(1): 100, 2018 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29954324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pneumatosis cystoides intestinalis (PCI) is characterized by gas-filled cysts in the intestinal submucosa and subserosa. There are few reports of PCI occurring in duodenum and rectum. Here we demonstrated four different endoscopic manifestations of PCI and three cases with intestinal stricture all were successfully managed by medical conservative treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: There are 6 cases of PCI with varied causes encountered, in which the etiology, endoscopic features, treatment methods and prognosis of patients were studied. One case was idiopathic, while the other one case was caused by exposing to trichloroethylene (TCE), and the remaining four cases were secondary to diabetes, emphysema, therioma and diseases of immune system. Of the six patients, all complained of abdominal distention or diarrhea, three (50%) reported muco-bloody stools, two (33.3%) complained of abdominal pain. In four other patients, PCI occurred in the colon, especially the sigmoid colon, while in the other two patients, it occurred in duodenum and rectum. Endoscopic findings were divided into bubble-like pattern, grape or beaded circular forms, linear or cobblestone gas formation and irregular forms. After combination of medicine and endoscopic treatment, the symptoms of five patients were relieved, while one patient died of malignant tumors. CONCLUSION: PCI endoscopic manifestations were varied, and radiology combined with endoscopy can avoid misdiagnosis. The primary bubble-like pattern can be cured by endoscopic resection, while removal of etiology combined with drug therapy can resolve majority of secondary cases, thereby avoiding the adverse risks of surgery.


Assuntos
Colo/patologia , Duodeno/patologia , Pneumatose Cistoide Intestinal/patologia , Reto/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal , Feminino , Humanos , Obstrução Intestinal/etiologia , Obstrução Intestinal/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumatose Cistoide Intestinal/complicações , Pneumatose Cistoide Intestinal/etiologia , Pneumatose Cistoide Intestinal/terapia , Radiografia Abdominal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 96(32): e7696, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28796052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated resting heart rate (RHR) or resting pulse rate (RPR) is associated with increased risk of hypertension development. However, information is limited to adults. The purpose of this study is to analyze this association among Chinese children in a prospective design. METHODS: A total of 4861 children who participated in the Blood Pressure Surveillance Program (2011-2017) were selected in this research. To investigate the association between RPR and hypertension development, children were divided into 4 groups according to the quartiles of RPR at baseline. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using logistic regression model. RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 3.0 ±â€Š0.1 years, there were 384 cases of incident hypertension. Compared to boys and girls in the 1st quartile, those in the 4th quartile were 1.73 (95% CI 1.13, 2.65), 2.22 (95% CI 1.43, 3.45) times more likely to have hypertension, respectively. Every 10 bpm increase in RPR was associated with a 26% greater risk of hypertension development in boys (OR: 1.26; 95% CI 1.10, 1.44), while this risk was 1.28 (95% CI 1.13, 1.44) in girls. Baseline blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI) did not have significant interactions with RPR on risk of hypertension development. CONCLUSION: This study confirms the relationship between elevated RPR and increased risk of hypertension development in children, independent of confounders including baseline BP and BMI. An elevated RPR could be considered as a risk factor for the assessment of hypertension, no matter from a clinical setting or a public health perspective.


Assuntos
Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores Sexuais
3.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 33(8): 841-5, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22967341

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was to investigate the association between serum Bisphenol-A (BPA) and unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). METHODS: A hospital-based 1:2 matched case-control study was conducted.Sixty-two patients with unexplained recurrent abortion were included and matched with 2 normal controls by factors as age (± 2 years), living in the same district and the same gestational age.The levels of BPA in serum for 62 cases and 108 controls were detected under high performance liquid chromatography after fluorescent derivatization. Levels of serum BPA in each case was compared with that in control of age, BMI, education levels, occupation, exposure for passive smoking. RESULTS: The values of serum BPA in cases and controls were (0.009 ± 0.002) and (0.004 ± 0.012) µg/ml, respectively. The levels of serum BPA in cases was significantly higher than in controls (Z = 3.506, P = 0.0005). After adjusted by age, BMI, education levels, occupation, passive smoking history and other factors, when compared to BPA below 0.004 µg/ml. The adjusted ORs were 4.39 (1.15 - 16.71) for BPA levels between 0.004 µg/ml and 0.012 µg/ml, and 4.95 (1.77 - 13.82) for BPA over 0.012 µg/ml. The risk of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion increased progressively with the growth of serum BPA levels (χ(2) = 9.179, trend test P = 0.0024). There were significant differences on BPA among controls that with histories of two, three or more abortions (the levels were 0.004, 0.008, 0.018 µg/ml, respectively, F = 8.92, P = 0.0002). CONCLUSION: High BPA level might be associated with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion.


Assuntos
Aborto Habitual/sangue , Compostos Benzidrílicos/sangue , Fenóis/sangue , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 33(3): 313-7, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22613386

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the association between gestational weight gain and birth weight over the past 9 years in Kunshan city, Jiangsu province, China. METHODS: This population-based study was conducted between 2001 to 2009. Data were retrieved from Perinatal Monitoring System of Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Kunshan. The study population consisted of 33 631 women and singleton live fetus. Gestational weight gain was defined as the total weight gain during the last and first prenatal care program and divided by the interval weeks. RESULTS: From 2001 to 2009, the average incidence of low birth weight was 1.86%, while the average incidence of macrosomia was a bit higher, fluctuating around 8.47%. On those underweight mothers, after adjustment for potential confounders, and stratified by the BMI levels, which were evaluated at the first prenatal care program, we found that weight gain in the 3rd and 4th intervals, could reduce the risk of low birth weight (less than 2500 g). With those mothers with normal-weight, weight gain in the 2 nd, 3 rd and 4th intervals, would reduce the risk of low birth weight. Risks in the 4th quantile among underweight and normal-weight group were prevalence odds radio (POR) 95%CI: 0.51 (0.32-0.80) and 0.58 (0.42-0.79), respectively. The risks showed a significant downward trend in underweight and normal-weight groups with increased gestational weight gain. As for macrosomia (≥4000 g), the risks increased (POR 95%CI) 4.69 (2.82-7.81) in underweight, 4.15 (3.43-5.03) in normal-weight, in overweight, 3.64 (2.62-5.06) and 1.96 (1.48-2.60) in obese mothers with increased levels of gestational weight gain. Trend tests indicated that the risks of marcosomia increased in all levels of BMI, with the increase of gestational weight gain. CONCLUSION: Findings from this population-based study suggested that gestational weight gain could reduce the risks of low birth weight among underweight and normal-weight groups, while increase the risks of macrosomia in all parturients, as compared with lowest levels of gestational weight gain.


Assuntos
Peso ao Nascer , Peso Corporal , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
6.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 89(44): 3116-21, 2009 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20193273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of protease activated receptor-2 (PAR-2) in human HepG2 hepatoma cells and elucidate the effects of trypsin and PAR-2 agonist peptide SLIGKV-NH(2) upon the proliferation of hepatoma cells and its intracellular signaling mechanism. METHODS: PAR-2 protein and mRNA expression were detected by immunofluorescence and RT-PCR. The cells were treated with SLIGKV-NH(2), trypsin, reverse PAR-2 agonist peptide VKGILS-NH(2) or PD98059. The changes of cell cycle distribution were evaluated by flow cytometry. The proliferative potential of HepG2 cells was estimated by MTT. The changes of PAR-2, c-fos and PCNA mRNA expression were detected by RT-PCR. The changes of c-fos and PCNA protein expression were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS: PAR-2 protein and mRNA were expressed in HepG2 cells. PAR-2 mRNA expression (PAR-2/beta-actin) were 0.70 +/- 0.04 and 0.99 +/- 0.05 respectively in cells treated with trypsin and SLIGKV-NH(2). They were both significantly higher than that in the control group (0.35 +/- 0.05, F = 135.534, P < 0.01). Percent G(0)/G(1) phase of HepG2 cells treated with trypsin or SLIGKV-NH(2) were significantly lower than those in the control group [(56.11 +/- 0.85)%, (57.85 +/- 0.46)% vs (79.12 +/- 0.67)%, both P < 0.01] Percent S phase, G(2)/M phase and proliferation index (PI) of HepG2 cells treated with trypsin or SLIGKV-NH(2) were significantly elevated (P < 0.01). The proliferation-enhancing effects and the up-regulation of mRNA and protein of c-fos and PCNA induced by trypsin or SLIGKV-NH(2) were significantly blocked by pretreatment with PD98059 (P < 0.01). There was no statistical significance in proliferation of HepG2 cells between the reverse PAR-2 agonist peptide VKGILS-NH(2) and control group (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: PAR-2 is expressed in HepG2 hepatoma cells. PAR-2 activation induced by trypsin or SLIGKV-NH(2) promotes the proliferation of HepG2 cells partially via the ERK/AP-1 pathway.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Receptor PAR-2/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Receptor PAR-2/agonistas , Receptores Ativados por Proteinase/metabolismo , Tripsina/metabolismo
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 33(19): 2234-7, 2008 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19166015

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of matrine and oxymatrine on proliferation and the expression of Stat3, Stat5 mRNA in SMMC-7721 cell line. METHOD: Treated with matrine and oxymatrine, the inhibitory effect on SMMC-7721 cell proliferation was detected by MTT, double fluorescence labeling was applied to measure the apotosis ratios of SMMC-7721cells, the expression of Stat3 and Stat5 mRNA in SMMC-7721 cell line were assessed with RT-PCR. RESULT: Matrine and oxymatrine could inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells and it was time and dose dependent, the expression of Stat3 and Stat5 mRNA in SMMC-7721 cell with matrine and oxymatrine were significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with the same dose of matrine and oxymatrine, matrine showed stronger effect on cell proliferation, apoptosis, and Stat3 and Stat5 mRNA (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Matrine and oxymatrine inhibited the proliferation and induced the of SMMC-7721 cells significantly, the mechanism of which might be related to the down-regulation of stat3 and stat5 mRNA and inhibition of the signaling transduction pathway.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Quinolizinas/farmacologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
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