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1.
Phytochemistry ; 190: 112853, 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34214923

RESUMO

A series of naturally occurring 3',4'-dihydroxy aurones have been studied with regard to multiple free radical scavenging reactions in the gas and two liquid phases using density functional theory (DFT). All of the aurones prefer to perform (2 + n)-HAT mechanism to trap 2 + n free radicals, where n is the sum of the numbers of catechol and guaiacyl units in the gas and benzene phases. The second HAT reaction favours occurring in the same catechol moiety of the first HAT mechanism occurring OH group due to the formation of a stable quinone and the highly exothermic step of the final stable product formation. The catechol and guaiacyl moieties show increased potency for the second and fourth H+/e‒ reactions. In the water phase, aurones can perform multiple H+/e‒ reactions through n1PL-ET-n2HAT-(n+1-n2)ET mechanism, where n1 is the number of OH groups and n2 is the number of guaiacyl moieties.

2.
Colorectal Dis ; 2021 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34310835

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the burden of further treatments in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) following a decision about lung metastasectomy. METHODS: Five teams participating in the study of Pulmonary Metastasectomy in Colorectal Cancer (PulMiCC) provided details on subsequent local treatments for lung metastases including the use of chemotherapy. For patients in three groups (no metastasectomy, one metastasectomy or multiple local interventions), baseline factors and selection criteria for additional treatments were examined. RESULTS: The five teams recruited 220 patients between October 2010 and January 2017. No lung metastasectomy was performed in 51 patients, 114 had one, and 55 patients had multiple local interventions. Selection for initial metastasectomy was associated with non-elevated CEA, fewer metastases, and no prior liver metastasectomy. These patients also had better ECOG scores and lung function at baseline. Four sites provided information on chemotherapy in 139 patients: 79 (57%) had 1-5 courses of chemotherapy, to a total of 179 courses. The patterns of survival after one or multiple metastasectomy interventions showed evidence of guarantee-time bias contributing to an impression of benefit over no metastasectomy. After repeated metastasectomy, a significantly higher risk of death was observed with no apparent reduction in chemotherapy usage. CONCLUSION: Repeated metastasectomy is associated with higher risk of death without reducing use of chemotherapy. Continued monitoring without surgery might reassure patients with indolent disease or allow response assessment during systemic treatment. Overall, the carefully collected information from the PulMICC study provides no indication of an important survival benefit from metastasectomy.

3.
J Fish Biol ; 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34270090

RESUMO

Fish eggs of the ovate sole Solea ovata and black porgy Acanthopagrus schlegelii were identified through DNA barcoding of cytochrome c oxidase subunitI(COX1). Visual taxonomic features were achieved and photographs of the eggs of both species at different developmental stages were reported for the first time. Additionally, oil globules dissolution caused by ethanol as egg fixatives was observed. This result showed the importance of employing formalin as egg fixatives in the case of morphometric analysis and the necessity of combining molecular and visual taxonomic method for morphological study. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Food Funct ; 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223597

RESUMO

Cynomorium songaricum is a medicinal, edible, and endangered plant species. Since inflorescences are not considered medicinal parts, their discard causes a waste of resources. To expand the medicinal uses of C. songaricum, we evaluated their chemistry and pharmacology by applying widely targeted metabolomics, network pharmacology, and molecular docking. Widely targeted metabolomics results indicated chemical diversity in C. songaricum with 599 compounds. Among them, 280 compounds were different between the succulent stem and inflorescence. With 218 upregulated compounds, inflorescence has more abundant compounds than the succulent stem, especially pigment compounds such as flavonols, flavones, and flavanones. Moreover, anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin were unique compounds in the inflorescence and succulent stem, respectively. Sixty-five compounds in inflorescence and 18 compounds in succulent stems were found to be associated with atherosclerosis in the network pharmacology analysis. Tests revealed that inflorescence had a stronger anti-atherosclerotic effect than succulent stems. Molecular docking analysis revealed that 30 compounds (29 pigment compounds) in inflorescence and 6 compounds (4 pigment compounds) in succulent stem showed strong binding affinities with three target proteins, namely ALB, MPO, and NOS2, especially amentoflavone, quercetin 7-O-rutinoside, and luteolin 7-O-glucoside (cynaroside). Results demonstrated that the inflorescence is rich in pigment compounds and has a potential anti-atherosclerosis effect. This study provides novel methods and ideas for the sustainable development of endangered medicinal plants.

5.
Eur J Epidemiol ; 2021 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34195880

RESUMO

Fat mass and fat-free mass are found to be associated with different health outcomes in observational studies, but the underlying causality remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the causal relationships between body composition and cardiometabolic traits using a two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) approach. Independent genetic variants associated with body fat mass, fat-free mass, and fat percentage in UK Biobank population were used as genetic instrumental variables, and their causal effects on circulatory diseases, type 2 diabetes, glycemic traits, and lipid fractions were estimated from large-scale genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in European populations. Univariable, multivariable, and bidirectional MR analyses were performed. Genetically predicted high fat mass and fat percentage significantly increased risks of most cardiometabolic diseases, and high fat-free mass had protective effects on most cardiometabolic diseases after accounting for fat mass. Fat mass, fat-free mass, and fat percentage were all positively associated with higher risks of atrial fibrillation and flutter, varicose veins, and deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. High fat mass increased fasting glucose, homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), triglycerides, decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high fat-free mass reduced HOMA-IR, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Genetically predicted fat-free mass was bidirectionally negatively associated with 2-h glucose and total cholesterol. The findings may be helpful in risk stratification and tailoring management of body composition in patients with different cardiometabolic statuses.

6.
Ann Surg ; 2021 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34225299

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A large-scale multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted to compare the short- and long-term outcomes of robotic gastrectomy (RG) and laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) for gastric cancer. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: RG is being increasingly used worldwide, but data from large-scale multicenter studies on the short- and long-term oncologic outcomes of RG versus LG are limited. The potential benefits of RG compared with LG for gastric cancer remain controversial. METHODS: Data from eligible patients who underwent RG or LG for gastric cancer of 11 experienced surgeons from 7 centers in China between March 2010 and October 2019 were collected. The RG group was matched 1:1 with the LG group by using propensity score matching (PSM). The primary outcome was postoperative complications. RESULTS: After PSM, a well-balanced cohort of 3552 patients was included for further analysis. The occurrence of overall complications (12.6% vs 15.2%, P = 0.023) was lower in the RG group than in the LG group. RG was associated with less blood loss (126.8 vs 142.5 mL, P < 0.001) and more retrieved lymph nodes in total (32.5 vs 30.7, P < 0.001) and in suprapancreatic areas (13.3 vs 11.6, P < 0.001). The long-term oncological outcomes were comparable between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this multicenter study demonstrate that RG is a safe and effective treatment for gastric cancer when performed by experienced surgeons, although longer operation time and higher costs are still concerns about RG. This study provides evidence suggesting that RG may represent an alternative surgical treatment to LG.

7.
Mol Cell Biochem ; 2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34244973

RESUMO

To explore the mechanism of miR-202-5p targeting the expression of PIK3CA and mediating the activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway on the proliferation, invasion, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of cervical cancer. The objects of study were 105 cases of cervical cancer and their corresponding normal tissues. qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-202-5p and PIK3CA in adjacent normal tissue and cervical cancer tissue. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between miR-202-5p and PIK3CA gene. Human cervical cancer cell lines HPV-16E6, SiHa, HeLa, and CaSki were purchased for our cell experiments. The expression levels of PIK3CA in the cells were detected by qRT-PCR. The cell line with higher expression levels was selected to complete the follow-up experiment. The cultured cells were transfected and divided into the miR-202-5p mimic NC group, miR-202-5p mimic group, miR-202-5p inhibitor NC group, miR-202-5p inhibitor group, siRNA-PIK3CA NC group, siRNA-PIK3CA group, miR-202-5p inhibitor NC + siRNA-PIK3CA NC group, miR-202-5p inhibitor + siRNA-PIK3CA NC group, and miR-202-5p inhibitor + siRNA-PIK3CA group. QRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of miR-202-5p. Western blot and qRT-PCR were applied to detect the mRNA and protein expression levels of related pathway proteins (PIK3CA, PI3K, PTEN, p-Akt1, and p-mTOR) and epithelial-mesenchymal transition-related factors (N-cadherin, E-cadherin, and vimentin). Cell proliferation was detected by plate colony formation assay. Transwell assay was used to detect the invasion ability of each group. When compared with the adjacent tissues, PIK3CA mRNA expression level was significantly increased and miR-202-5p expression level was significantly decreased in cervical cancer tissues (all P < 0.05). PIK3CA was a target gene of miR-202-5p. The mRNA expression level of PIK3CA in SiHa cervical cancer cells was significantly higher than that in CaSki, HeLa, and HPV-16E6 cells (all P < 0.05), and SiHa cervical cancer cells were selected to complete the follow-up experiments. When compared with the corresponding NC group, the expression of miR-202-5p in miR-202-5p mimic group was increased. In addition, the mRNA and protein expression levels of E-cadherin and PTEN in miR-202-5p mimic and siRNA-PIK3CA groups were increased, and the protein expression of p-Akt1 and p-mTOR was decreased, and also, the mRNA and protein expression levels of PIK3CA, PI3K, N-cadherin, and vimentin were decreased (all P < 0.05); in miR-202-5p inhibitor group, the expression levels of miR-202-5p, E-cadherin, and PTEN decreased, the protein expression of p-Akt1 and p-mTOR increased, and the mRNA and protein expression of PIK3CA, PI3K, N-cadherin, and vimentin increased in miR-202-5p inhibitor group (all P < 0.05); in miR-202-5p inhibitor + siRNA-PIK3CA group, the expression of miR-202-5p decreased (P < 0.05), but the mRNA and protein expression of PIK3CA, PI3K, p-Akt1, p-mTOR, N-cadherin, E-cadherin, and vimentin had no significant changes (all P > 0.05). When compared with the corresponding NC group, the number of cell clones in miR-202-5p mimic group and siRNA-PIK3CA group was decreased, and the invasion ability of miR-202-5p inhibitor group was increased, and the invasion ability was enhanced (all P < 0.05); miR-202-5p inhibitor + siRNA-PIK3CA group showed no significant change in the number of cell clones and the rate of invasion (P > 0.05). In conclusion, the overexpression of miR-202-5p can suppress PIK3CA gene expression and the activation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway to suppress the proliferation, invasion, and EMT of cervical cancer.

8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 280: 114413, 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34265379

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Curcuma kwangsiensis S. G. Lee & C. F. Liang (Guangxi ezhu, in Chinese) has been used as a traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for approximately 2000 years. Curcumol is one of the major bioactive components of this herb, which has been demonstrated possesses anti-cancer properties, and was recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2020 edition. However, most studies mainly focused on the superficial anti-cancer activity, the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. AIM OF THE STUDY: In the present study, we aimed to investigate the anti-tumor effect of Curcumol on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and elucidate its underlying mechanism from the perspective of epigenetic modification. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The potential anti-cancer properties of Curcumol were evaluated in HepG2 and SMMC-7721 cells. Its effects on cell growth, cell cycle, apoptosis and migration were examined in these HCC cells. Moreover, the lncRNA HOX transcript antisense intergenic RNA (Hotair) and histone methylatic modification were detected by qPCR and Western blotting assays. RESULTS: In the present study, Curcumol was illustrated to suppress cell growth in HCC cells via inducing apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. And it was also found that Curcumol inhibited the invasion and metastasis of HCC as well. As for the mechanism investigation, it was showed that lncRNA Hotair was significantly downregulated by Curcumol in HCC cells. As is well known, Hotair recruited histone methyltransferase enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) to exert transcriptional regulation. Our results showed that EZH2 were downregulated by Curcumol in HCC cells, and thus disrupted the trimethylation of H3K9 and H3K27 which were specifically catalyzed by EZH2. CONCLUSIONS: In conclude, our results demonstrated that Curcumol suppressed tumor growth and metastasis via an Hotair/EZH2/histone modification regulatory axis.

9.
Br J Haematol ; 2021 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34296427

RESUMO

ZUMA-1 (NCT02348216) examined the safety and efficacy of axicabtagene ciloleucel (axi-cel), an autologous CD19-directed chimaeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell therapy, in refractory large B-cell lymphoma. To reduce treatment-related toxicity, several exploratory safety management cohorts were added to ZUMA-1. Specifically, cohort 6 investigated management of cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and neurologic events (NEs) with prophylactic corticosteroids and earlier corticosteroid and tocilizumab intervention. CRS and NE incidence and severity were primary end-points. Following leukapheresis, patients could receive optional bridging therapy per investigator discretion. All patients received conditioning chemotherapy (days -5 through -3), 2 × 106  CAR-T cells/kg (day 0) and once-daily oral dexamethasone [10 mg, day 0 (before axi-cel) through day 2]. Forty patients received axi-cel. CRS occurred in 80% of patients (all grade ≤2). Any grade and grade 3 or higher NEs occurred in 58% and 13% of patients respectively. Sixty-eight per cent of patients did not experience CRS or NEs within 72 h of axi-cel. With a median follow-up of 8·9 months, objective and complete response rates were 95% and 80% respectively. Overall, prophylactic corticosteroids and earlier corticosteroid and/or tocilizumab intervention resulted in no grade 3 or higher CRS, a low rate of grade 3 or higher NEs and high response rates in this study population.

10.
Gastric Cancer ; 2021 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34251544

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: DDP-based chemotherapy is one of the first-line treatment in GC. However, the therapeutic efficacy of DDP is limited due to side effects. Therefore, it is of great significance to develop novel adjuvants to synergize with DDP. We had demonstrated previously that rMV-Hu191 had antitumor activity in GC. Here we examined the synergism of rMV-Hu191 with DDP in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Cellular proliferation, the synergistic effect and cell apoptosis were evaluated by CCK-8 assay, ZIP analysis and flow cytometry, respectively. The protein levels and location of ASMase were monitored by western blot and immunofluorescence assay. shRNA and imipramine were used to regulate the expression and activity of ASMase. MßCD was administrated to disrupt lipid rafts. Mice bearing GC xenografts were used to confirm the synergism in vivo. RESULTS: From our data, combinational therapy demonstrated synergistic cytotoxicity both in resistant GC cell lines from a Chinese patient and drug-nonresistant GC cell lines, and increased cell apoptosis, instead of viral replication. Integrity of lipid rafts and ASMase were required for rMV-Hu191- and combination-induced apoptosis. The ASMase was delivered to the lipid raft microdomains at the initial stage of rMV-Hu191 treatment. In vivo GC mice xenografts confirmed the synergism of combinational treatment, together with increased apoptosis and trivial side-effects. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study to demonstrate that rMV-Hu191 combined with DDP could be used as a potential therapeutic strategy in GC treatment and the ASMase and the integrity of lipid rafts are required for the synergistic effects.

11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(28): e26586, 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34260538

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To evaluate the characteristics and influential factors of breast density and establish a new model for predicting breast density in Chinese women, so as to provide a basis for breast cancer screening techniques and duration.A total of 9412 women who were selected from screening and intervention techniques for Breast and Cervical Cancer Project between April 2018 and June 2019 were enrolled in this study. Selected women were randomly assigned to training and validation sets in a ratio of 1:1. Univariable and multivariable analyzes were performed by Logistic regression model. Nomogram was generated according to the results of multivariate analysis. Calibration, area under curve (AUC) and akaike information criterion (AIC) were used for measuring accuracy of prediction model.There were 377 (4.0%) women in breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) A category, 2164 (23.0%) in B category, 5749 (61.1%) in C category and 1122 (11.9%) in D category. Age duration, educational attainment, history of benign diseases, breastfeeding history, menopausal status, and body mass index (BMI) were imputed as independent influential factors for breast density in multivariable analysis. The AUC and AIC of training and validation set were 0.7158, 0.7139, and 4915.378, 4998.665, respectively.This study indicated that age, educational attainment, history of benign breast disease, breastfeeding history, menopausal status and BMI were independent influential factors of breast density. Nomogram generated on the basis of these factors could relatively predict breast density, which in turn could be used for recommendations of breast cancer screening techniques.

12.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 249, 2021 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34219130

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is an increasingly common cause of cancer mortality with a tight correspondence between disease mortality and incidence. Furthermore, it is usually diagnosed at an advanced stage with a very dismal prognosis. Due to the high heterogeneity, metabolic reprogramming, and dense stromal environment associated with pancreatic cancer, patients benefit little from current conventional therapy. Recent insight into the biology and genetics of pancreatic cancer has supported its molecular classification, thus expanding clinical therapeutic options. In this review, we summarize how the biological features of pancreatic cancer and its metabolic reprogramming as well as the tumor microenvironment regulate its development and progression. We further discuss potential biomarkers for pancreatic cancer diagnosis, prediction, and surveillance based on novel liquid biopsies. We also outline recent advances in defining pancreatic cancer subtypes and subtype-specific therapeutic responses and current preclinical therapeutic models. Finally, we discuss prospects and challenges in the clinical development of pancreatic cancer therapeutics.

13.
Complement Med Res ; : 1-12, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34261065

RESUMO

Dingchuan decoction (DCD) is a traditional Chinese prescription for asthma that remains popular today. To systematically evaluate the effect of DCD on lung function, clinical effectiveness rate, and safety in children with asthma, significant databases were searched for randomized controlled trials from their inception to September 9, 2019. Randomized controlled trials assessing the effect of DCD on lung function and clinical effectiveness rate in children with asthma were included in this meta-analysis. The methodological quality of the included trials was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. RevMan 5.3 was used for data analysis. Fourteen studies with 1,384 children were reviewed. FEV1 improvement rate (mean difference [MD] 12.50, 95% confidence interval [CI] 8.72-16.29), PEF improvement rate (MD 14.28, 95% CI 11.08-17.49), and clinical effectiveness rate (relative risk 1.19, 95% CI 1.14-1.25) significantly increased in the DCD group when compared to simple conventional medication. Four trials suggest that DCD is safe for children. In conclusion, the use of DCD combined with conventional medication improves lung function and clinical effectiveness rate better than simple conventional medication. However, the selected trials lack blinding and large-scale studies. Therefore, to better manage DCD in clinical practice, more randomized controlled trials and large-scale studies are required for further evaluation.

14.
Am J Chin Med ; : 1-22, 2021 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34263721

RESUMO

Cross-sectional studies on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM-CSs) have become the most published type of TCM observational study; however, the research scope of current TCM-CSs is unknown. A scoping review of the literature was performed. A descriptive approach to summarize the core study characteristics was prepared, along with structured tables and figures to identify salient points of similarities and differences noted across studies. The reporting quality of TCM-CSs was assessed according to the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE) cross-sectional checklist. Eight databases (Embase, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, AMED, CBM, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP) were systematically searched for TCM-CSs published up until 20 January 2020. The literature screening and evaluating were independently conducted by two researchers. When there was disagreement, a third-party senior researcher made the judgment. A total of 198 TCM-CSs published between 1997 and 2019 were included, 160 English studies and 38 Chinese studies, respectively. More TCM-CSs were published in each successive year. The journal Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine published more TCM-CSs (24) than any other journal. Most TCM-CSs were conducted in mainland China (81, 40.9%), followed by Taiwan, China (44, 22.2%) and HKSAR, China (19, 9.6%). The most commonly used sampling method was purposive sampling (94, 47.5%), following by convenience sampling (60, 30.3%). The research topics can be summarized in four major categories as follows: constitution-related research (11.1%), TCM pattern-related research (18.7%), TCM intervention-related research (55.1%), and others (15.6%). The average sufficient reporting rate of included TCM-CSs according to the STROBE cross-sectional checklist was 45.6%. Papers written in English reported 9 items (items 2, 4, 14a, 16a, 18, 19, 20, 21, and 22) more frequently than papers written in Chinese. The number of TCM-CSs is increasing. Research topics are diverse; however, the reporting quality is unsatisfactory. In particular, TCM-CSs need greater transparency and standardization.

15.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(28): 33546-33556, 2021 Jul 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34235930

RESUMO

Industrial pollution and harmful chemicals seriously affect environment and human health. Styrene is a common air toxicant with widespread exposure sources, including smoking, automobile exhaust, and plastic pollutants. Phenylglyoxylic acid (PGA) is a typical biomarker for exposed styrene. Therefore, it is crucial to quickly identify and quantitatively detect PGA. Herein, an ultrastable terbium metal-organic framework (Tb-MOF 1) was developed, and the luminescence film (1/PLA) consisting of polylactic acid (PLA) and 1 was fabricated as a sensor for rapid detection of PGA. The sensor possesses the advantages of efficient detection [limit of detection (LOD) is 1.05 × 10-4 mg/mL] and rapid response speed (less than 10 s) for PGA in urine. Furthermore, this sensor exhibits high stability, outstanding anti-interference ability, and excellent recyclability. Based on this film technology, a paper-based probe was then developed for portable and convenient detection. The probe could easily distinguish different concentrations of PGA under the naked eye toward practical sensing applications. Meanwhile, photoinduced electron transfer was demonstrated to be responsible for the luminescence sensing. Hence, this study indicates that Tb-MOF is a promising material to detect PGA for evaluating the effect of styrene on the body.

16.
Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces ; 206: 111930, 2021 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34182429

RESUMO

The molecular interactions of xylitol (XY) with α-casein (α-CN) and κ-casein (κ-CN) at pH 7.4 as a function of temperature (298, 308, and 318 K) were characterized by multispectral techniques and molecular docking. The fluorescence results showed that XY strongly quenched the intrinsic fluorescence of α- and κ-CN by static quenching, as well as the presence of a single binding site for XY on both proteins with a binding constant value of ∼105 L/mol. The binding affinity of both proteins for XY decreased with increasing temperature, and Van der Waals forces, hydrogen bonding and protonation were the key forces in the interactions. The addition of XY altered the polarity of the microenvironment of proteins and changed their secondary structure from ordered to disordered. The molecular docking results showed that XY had different binding sites to α- and κ-CN, with several amino acids involved in the binding processes.

18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(24): e26341, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34128882

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hydatidiform mole (HM) is more common as molar pregnancy. It is a disease classified under the category of gestational trophoblastic diseases, which could metastasize after originating in the placenta. A majority of females suffering from molar pregnancies are curable by evacuating retained products of conception and the patient's fertility is preserved. In some cases, the growth perseveres and leads to gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, which is an extremely malicious condition that needs chemo-based treatment. There is a possibility to lessen the risk of gestational trophoblastic disease in females with HM through the administration of prophylactic chemo. Yet, there is controversy regarding prophylactic chemotherapy administered pre-or-post removal of HM to curtail the malignant sequelae. Therefore, we will conduct this research to assess both the efficacy as well as security of using prophylactic chemotherapy to treat HM. METHODS: In the preliminary review, the authors will search for randomized controlled trials involving prophylactic chemotherapy to treat HM. The literature search is carried out in the following electronic databases from their inception to May 2021: Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese BioMedical Literature, and WanFang database are the three Chinese language databases. Web of Science, PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE are the four English language databases. The authors will also perform a manual search through the bibliographies in related literature to find extra articles and ongoing studies. Two independent authors will assess the literature according to an inclusion criteria, use a specialized data collection table to extract data, and use the Cochrane 'Risk of bias' tool for evaluating any possible bias risk in the selected articles. Data synthesis and statistical operations are completed with the RevMan software (v. 5.3). RESULTS: The present systematic analysis provides a rationalized synthesis of existing evidence related to the use of prophylactic chemotherapy in the treatment of HM. CONCLUSION: Our findings will summarize the current evidences for prophylactic chemotherapy in the treatment of HM. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: An ethics approval is nonrequired because pre published results will be used. REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/6QV52 (https://osf.io/6qv52/).


Assuntos
Anticarcinógenos/uso terapêutico , Mola Hidatiforme/prevenção & controle , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Neoplasias Uterinas/prevenção & controle , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Protocolos Clínicos , Feminino , Humanos , Mola Hidatiforme/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Neoplasias Uterinas/tratamento farmacológico
19.
Pharmacol Res ; 170: 105726, 2021 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34126228

RESUMO

Calorie restriction can modulate the gut microbiota and protect against many diseases including ischemic stroke. However, the role of calorie-restriction-induced microbiota alteration remained unknown in ischemic stroke rehabilitation. Here we conducted 30% reduction of caloric intake on mice for four weeks, to evaluate its role on ischemic stroke rehabilitation. Significantly, this calorie restriction led to better long-term rehabilitation in comparison of normal control. Notably, the transplantation of gut microbiome from calorie-restriction-treated mice to post-stroke mice was eligible to obtain better long-term rehabilitation of stroke mice. Bifidobacterium identified by 16 S ribosomal RNA sequencing were enriched in those of calorie-restriction mice. Then we administrated Bifidobacterium to stroke mice and found Bifidobacterium treatment could successfully improve the long-term rehabilitation of cerebral ischemia mice. Furthermore, the metabolomics analysis revealed a panel of upshifting metabolites, suggesting that calorie restriction greatly altered the gut microbiota composition and its metabolism. Hence, we discovered the novel effect of CR on long-term rehabilitation of ischemic stroke and the underlying role of gut microbiota, which might provide novel thoughts for the clinical post-stroke rehabilitation.

20.
Alzheimers Res Ther ; 13(1): 114, 2021 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34127063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neuronal hyperactivity related to ß-amyloid (Aß) is considered an early warning sign of Alzheimer disease (AD). Although increasing evidence supports this opinion, the underlying mechanisms are still unknown. METHODS: Here, we recorded whole-cell synaptic currents and membrane potentials using patch clamping of acute hippocampal slices from human amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin-1 transgenic (5XFAD) mice and their wild-type littermates. Biochemical methods, electron microscopic imaging, behavioral tests, and intraventricular drug delivery applied with osmotic pumps were used in this study. RESULTS: We confirmed hyperactivity of hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons in 5XFAD mice using whole-cell electrophysiological recording at 2.5 months old, when local Aß-positive plaques had not developed and only mild cognitive dysfunction occurred. We further discovered attenuated inhibitory postsynaptic currents and unchanged excitatory postsynaptic currents in CA1 pyramidal neurons, in which the intrinsic excitability was unchanged. Moreover, the density of both γ-aminobutyric acid A (GABAA) receptor subunits, α1 and γ2, was reduced in synapses of the hippocampus in transgenic mice. Intriguingly, early intervention with the GABAA receptor agonist gaboxadol reversed the hippocampal hyperactivity and modestly ameliorated cognitive performance in 5XFAD mice under our experimental conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Inhibitory postsynaptic disruption critically contributes to abnormalities in the hippocampal network and cognition in 5XFAD mice and possibly in AD. Therefore, strengthening the GABAergic system could be a promising therapy for AD in the early stages.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos
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