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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34753654

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Congenital heart disease (CHD) after cardiopulmonary bypass can cause systemic inflammation, and its degree is closely related to the incidence of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) combined with volume guarantee (VG) in reducing systemic inflammation in infants with ARDS after cardiopulmonary bypass for congenital heart surgery. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Single-center study in a tertiary teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 58 infants with ARDS after congenital heart surgery were eligible and were randomized to the HFOV (n = 29) or the HFOV-VG (n = 29) between January 2020 and January 2021. INTERVENTIONS: Tracheal aspirate samples for the measurement of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were obtained on days one, two, and three of HFOV or HFOV-VG ventilation. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The authors found a significantly increasing trend in the HFOV group mean values of IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α (p < 0.05 on days two and three v day one), and IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α levels were significantly higher on day three in the HFOV group versus the HFOV+VG group (p < 0.05). In addition, the incidences of hypocapnia and hypercapnia in infants supported with HFOV-VG were significantly lower (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the postoperative mechanical ventilation duration in the HFOV-VG group also was shorter than that in the HFOV group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Compared with HFOV alone, HFOV-VG reduced proinflammatory systemic reactions after congenital cardiac surgery, decreased the incidences of hypercapnia and hypocapnia, and shortened the postoperative mechanical ventilation duration.

2.
J Card Surg ; 2021 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839572

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) combined with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) in the treatment of infants with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) and pulmonary hypertension (PH) after congenital heart surgery. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 63 infants with AHRF and PH after congenital heart surgery in our cardiac intensive care unit (CICU) from January 2020 to March 2021. A total of 24 infants in the A group were treated with HFOV combined with iNO, and 39 infants in the B group were treated with HFOV. Relevant clinical data were collected. RESULTS: Comparing the two groups, the improvement of the oxygenation index, PaO2 and PaO2 /FiO2 was more obvious for patients in the A group than for those in the B group after intervention (p < .05). Reexamination on the third day after the initiation of HFOV treatment indicated that the systolic pulmonary artery pressure in the A group was significantly lower than that in the B group (p < .05). In addition, the duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of CICU stay in the A group were shorter than those in the B group (p < .05). However, complications between the two groups were not statistically significant. No important adverse effects arose. CONCLUSIONS: For infants with AHRF and PH after congenital heart surgery, iNO combined with HFOV is superior to HFOV alone to improve oxygenation, decrease pulmonary pressure, and shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation and the length of CICU stay, with no adverse effects.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34593311

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) and noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation (NIPPV) as the initial postextubation therapies on preventing extubation failure (EF) in high-risk infants younger than three months after congenital heart surgery (CHS). DESIGN: This was a single-center, randomized, unblinded clinical trial. SETTING: The study was performed in a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Between January 2020 and January 2021, a total of 150 infants underwent CHS in the authors' hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Infants younger than three months with a high risk for extubation failure who were ready for extubation were randomized to either an NHFOV therapy group or an NIPPV therapy group, and received the corresponding noninvasive mechanical ventilation to prevent EF. MEASUREMENTS: Primary outcomes were reintubation, long-term noninvasive ventilation (NIV) support (more than 72 hours), and the time in NIV therapy. The secondary outcomes were adverse events, including mild-moderate hypercapnia, severe hypercapnia, severe hypoxemia, treatment intolerance, signs of discomfort, unbearable dyspnea, inability to clear secretions, emesis, and aspiration. MAIN RESULTS: Of 92 infants, 45 received NHFOV therapy, and 47 received NIPPV therapy after extubation. There were no significant differences between the NHFOV and the NIPPV therapy groups in the incidences of reintubation, long-term NIV support, and total time under NIV therapy. No significant difference was found of the severe hypercapnia between the two groups, but NHFOV treatment significantly decreased the rate of mild-moderate hypercapnia (p < 0.05). Other outcomes were similar in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Among infants younger than three months after CHS who had undergone extubation, NIPPV therapy and NHFOV therapy were the equivalent NIV strategies for preventing extubation failure, and NHFOV therapy was more effective in avoiding mild-moderate hypercapnia.

4.
Front Pediatr ; 9: 700632, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485193

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of nasal high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (NHFOV) vs. nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) on postextubation respiratory failure (PRF) in infants after congenital heart surgery (CHS). Method: Eighty infants underwent postoperative invasive mechanical ventilation for more than 12 h and planned extubation. The infants were randomized to undergo either NHFOV or NCPAP after extubation. Primary outcomes were the incidence of PRF and reintubation, the average PaCO2 level, the average oxygenation index (OI), and pulmonary recruitment in the early extubation phase. Secondary outcomes included the NCPAP/NHFOV time, length of hospital stay, treatment intolerance, signs of discomfort, pneumothorax, adverse hemodynamic effects, nasal trauma, and mortality. Results: Except for PaCO2 within 12 after extubation (39.3 ± 5.8 vs. 43.6 ± 7.3 mmHg, p = 0.05), there was no statistically significant difference for any of the primary outcome measure (PRF, reintubation within 12 h after extubation, oxygenation index within 12 h after extubation, or lung volumes on X-ray after extubation) or secondary outcome measures (duration of non-invasive ventilation, duration of hospital stay, ventilation intolerance, signs of discomfort, pneumothorax, nasal trauma, adverse hemodynamic effects, or death prior to discharge), p > 0.1 for each comparison. Conclusion: NHFOV therapy after extubation in infants after CHS was more efficient in improving CO2 cleaning than NCPAP therapy, but there was no difference in other outcomes (PRF, reintubation, oxygenation index, and pulmonary recruitment).

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 675213, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34368243

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of pulmonary surfactant (PS) combined with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation (HFOV) or conventional mechanical ventilation (CMV) in infants with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) after congenital cardiac surgery. Methods: A total of 61 infants with ARDS were eligible and were randomised to the CMV + PS group (n = 30) or the HFOV + PS group (n = 31) between January 2020 and December 2020. The primary outcomes were the changes in arterial blood gas parameters. The duration of mechanical ventilation, length of hospitalisation and the incidence of complications were considered secondary outcomes. Results: A total of 61 infants completed the study. In the HFOV + PS group, the blood gas analysis results were significantly improved (P < 0.05), while the duration of mechanical ventilation and length of hospitalisation were shorter than the CMV + PS group (P < 0.05). However, the incidence of complications was not different between the two groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: Compared with the CMV + PS group, the HFOV + PS group showed significantly improved ABG variables and had a shortened length of hospitalisation and mechanical ventilation in infants with ARDS after cardiac surgery. Clinical Trial Registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry; Number: ChiCTR2000039457.

6.
Pediatr Pulmonol ; 56(8): 2621-2626, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33964188

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of high-frequency oscillation ventilation combined with volume guarantee (HFOV-VG) compared with the safety and efficacy of HFOV alone in infants with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) after congenital heart surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 44 infants who were ventilated for AHRF after congenital heart surgery between January 2020 and January 2021. HFOV alone was used in 23 of the 44 infants, whereas HFOV-VG was used in the other 21 infants. RESULTS: The average frequency tidal volume (VThf) of the HFOV-VG group was lower than that of the HFOV group, and the proportion of VThf exceeding the target range of infants in the HFOV-VG group was also lower (p < .01). In addition, the incidence of hypocapnia and hypercapnia in infants supported with HFOV-VG was significantly lower (p < .01). Furthermore, the duration of invasive ventilation and the median ventilator adjustment per hour in the HFOV-VG group was also lower than that in the HFOV group (p < .01). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with HFOV alone, HFOV-VG decreases the fluctuation of VThf and the incidence of hypercapnia and hypocapnia. Moreover, it reduces the workload of bedside medical staff. Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of HFOV-VG as a routine respiratory support strategy for congenital heart disease during the perioperative period.


Assuntos
Ventilação de Alta Frequência , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório do Recém-Nascido , Insuficiência Respiratória , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Insuficiência Respiratória/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar
7.
Heart Surg Forum ; 24(2): E249-E255, 2021 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798054

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the application of synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (SNIPPV) in the respiratory weaning of infants after congenital heart surgery. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 63 infants who were extubated from mechanical ventilation after congenital heart surgery between January 2020 and September 2020. The data, including demographics, anatomic diagnosis, radiology and laboratory test results, and perioperative variables were recorded. RESULTS: The extubation failure rate within 48 h after extubation was significantly lower in the SNIPPV group than in the nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) group. The PaO2 level and PaO2/FiO2 ratio within 48 h after extubation were higher in the SNIPPV group than in the NCPAP group (P < .05). Meanwhile, the PaCO2 level within 48 h was significantly lower in the SNIPPV group (P < .05). Compared with the NCPAP group, the median duration of postoperative noninvasive support and the duration from extubation to hospital discharge were shorter in the SNIPPV group; the total hospital cost was lower in the SNIPPV group. No significant differences were observed between the two groups concerning VAP, pneumothorax, feeding intolerance, sepsis, mortality, and other complications (P > .05). CONCLUSION: SNIPPV was shown to be superior to NCPAP in avoiding reintubation after congenital heart surgery in infants and significantly improved oxygenation and reduced PaCO2 retention after extubation. Further studies are needed to confirm the efficacy and safety of SNIPPV as a routine weaning strategy.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Pressão Positiva Contínua nas Vias Aéreas/métodos , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Ventilação com Pressão Positiva Intermitente/métodos , Desmame do Respirador/métodos , Extubação/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
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