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1.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 614: 114-119, 2022 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35576682

RESUMO

Oncostatin M receptor beta (OSMRß) mediates signaling of Oncostatin M (OSM) and interleukine-31 (IL-31), two key cytokines involved in many important biological processes including inflammation and cancer progression. More importantly, OSMRß might be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target for some diseases, such as inflammatory bowel disease, pruritus and ovarian cancer. In this study, soluble recombinant canine OSMRß (cOSMRß) was experimentally expressed as a native antigen to develop an effective cOSMRß-specific monoclonal antibody (mAb), 2O2, using hybridoma technology. It was demonstrated that 2O2 is able to detect OSMRß expressed on cell surface using immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and flow cytometry (FACS). This mAb exhibits very high binding affinity to cOSMRß with the KD and half-maximal effective concentration (EC50) values of 2.49 nM and 96.96 ng/ml, respectively. Meanwhile, it didn't show any cross-relativities with feline OSMRß (fOSMRß) and human OSMRß (hOSMRß). Moreover, we determined the binding epitope of 2O2, which localizes in the domain VI (DVI, amino acids 623-734) of cOSMRß. In conclusion, this novel mAb, 2O2, can be used in immunoassays, including IFA, FACS and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to facilitate studies in dogs.

2.
Environ Int ; 164: 107257, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486965

RESUMO

Tire wear microplastic particles (TWMPs) are emerging microplastic pollutants that have gained increasing attention lately. However, the health effect of inhaled airborne TWMPs has never been explored before and may already be included in particulate matter morbidity and mortality. Here, we endeavored to address the preliminary study of TWMP inhalation-induced pulmonary toxic effects and its epigenetic mechanisms in C57BL/6 mice. As a result, restricted ventilatory dysfunction and fibrotic pathological changes were observed in TWMP-treaded mice. Further research found that attenuation of miR-1a-3p plays an important role in TWMP-induced lung injury. Results from in vitro study confirmed that cytoskeleton regulatory gene twinfilin-1 was one of the target genes of miR-1a-3p, and involved in cytoskeleton rearrangement caused by TWMP exposure. Mechanistically, miR-1a-3p inhibited the F-actin formation by targeting cytoskeletal regulatory proteins twinfilin-1, leading to TWMP-induced pulmonary fibrotic injury. While we are in the very early stages of explaining the role of epigenetics in TWMP-induced lung injury, the potential for the use of epigenetic marks as biomarkers is high and discoveries made in this field will likely bring us closer to better understanding this crucial mechanism.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar , MicroRNAs , Animais , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , MicroRNAs/genética , Microplásticos , Plásticos/metabolismo
3.
Environ Pollut ; 305: 119293, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35421554

RESUMO

As a widely used pure elemental carbon in colloidal particles, carbon black was listed as a group 2B carcinogen by IARC in 2010. The most available mechanism information about carbon black and carcinogenesis are from in vivo or in vitro studies. However, few studies concerned the nanoparticle's real-ambient exposure causing systemic change and further affecting the target organ. Herein, we used an ex vivo biosensor assay to investigate the transcriptome change of primary bronchial epithelial cells after treatment with the plasma from workers with long-term occupational carbon black exposure history. Based on ex vivo biosensor assay and transcriptome sequencing, we found the effect of internal systemic environment on epithelial cells after carbon black exposure was an inflammatory response, which mainly activates cell cycle-related pathways. After exposure to carbon black, the internal systemic environment could activate cancer-related pathways like epithelial-mesenchymal transition, hypoxia, TNF-α signaling via NF-κB. The hub genes in the carbon black group (CDC20 and PLK1) and their correlation with the systemic environment were uncovered by constructing the protein-protein interaction network. Inflammatory cytokines, especially CRP, were strongly correlated with the expression of CDC20 and PLK1. Besides, we also find a strong correlation between CDC20 and cytokinesis-block micronucleus endpoints in peripheral blood (rho = 0.591, P < 0.001). Our results show that long-term carbon black exposure might activate cell cycle-related pathways through circulating inflammation and increase the risk of cancer, while the oxidative stress caused by diesel exhaust particles are mainly related to PAHs exposure. After exposure to carbon black, the systemic environment could activate cancer-related pathways like diesel exhaust particles, increasing the risk of lung cancer. These attempts might provide a further understanding of the indirect effect of chronic occupational inhaled carbon black exposure on pulmonary carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Nanopartículas , Carbono , Carcinogênese , Divisão Celular , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Fuligem/toxicidade , Emissões de Veículos
4.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 810553, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431792

RESUMO

Background: The motor imagery brain computer interface (MI-BCI) is now available in a commercial product for clinical rehabilitation. However, MI-BCI is still a relatively new technology for commercial rehabilitation application and there is limited prior work on the frequency effect. The MI-BCI has become a commercial product for clinical neurological rehabilitation, such as rehabilitation for upper limb motor dysfunction after stroke. However, the formulation of clinical rehabilitation programs for MI-BCI is lack of scientific and standardized guidance, especially limited prior work on the frequency effect. Therefore, this study aims at clarifying how frequency effects on MI-BCI training for the plasticity of the central nervous system. Methods: Sixteen young healthy subjects (aged 22.94 ± 3.86 years) were enrolled in this randomized clinical trial study. Subjects were randomly assigned to a high frequency group (HF group) and low frequency group (LF group). The HF group performed MI-BCI training once per day while the LF group performed once every other day. All subjects performed 10 sessions of MI-BCI training. functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measurement, Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT) and brain computer interface (BCI) performance were assessed at baseline, mid-assessment (after completion of five BCI training sessions), and post-assessment (after completion of 10 BCI training sessions). Results: The results from the two-way ANOVA of beta values indicated that GROUP, TIME, and GROUP × TIME interaction of the right primary sensorimotor cortex had significant main effects [GROUP: F (1,14) = 7.251, P = 0.010; TIME: F (2,13) = 3.317, P = 0.046; GROUP × TIME: F (2,13) = 5.676, P = 0.007]. The degree of activation was affected by training frequency, evaluation time point and interaction. The activation of left primary sensory motor cortex was also affected by group (frequency) (P = 0.003). Moreover, the TIME variable was only significantly different in the HF group, in which the beta value of the mid-assessment was higher than that of both the baseline assessment (P = 0.027) and post-assessment (P = 0.001), respectively. Nevertheless, there was no significant difference in the results of WMFT between HF group and LF group. Conclusion: The major results showed that more cortical activation and better BCI performance were found in the HF group relative to the LF group. Moreover, the within-group results also showed more cortical activation after five sessions of BCI training and better BCI performance after 10 sessions in the HF group, but no similar effects were found in the LF group. This pilot study provided an essential reference for the formulation of clinical programs for MI-BCI training in improvement for upper limb dysfunction.

5.
Part Fibre Toxicol ; 19(1): 20, 2022 03 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35313899

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to diesel exhaust has a causal link to cardiovascular diseases in various environmental and occupational settings. Arterial endothelial cell function plays an important role in ensuring proper maintenance of cardiovascular homeostasis and the endothelial cell dysfunction by circulatory inflammation is a hallmark in cardiovascular diseases. Acute exposure to diesel exhaust in controlled exposure studies leads to artery endothelial cells dysfunction in previous study, however the effect of chronic exposure remains unknown. RESULTS: We applied an ex vivo endothelial biosensor assay for serum samples from 133 diesel engine testers (DETs) and 126 non-DETs with the aim of identifying evidence of increased risk for cardiovascular diseases. Environmental monitoring suggested that DETs were exposed to high levels of diesel exhaust aerosol (282.3 µg/m3 PM2.5 and 135.2 µg/m3 elemental carbon). Surprisingly, chronic diesel exhaust exposure was associated with a pro-inflammatory phenotype in the ex vivo endothelial cell model, in a dose-dependent manner with CCL5 and VCAM as most affected genes. This dysfunction was not mediated by reduction in circulatory pro-inflammatory factors but significantly associated with a reduction in circulatory metabolites cGMP and an increase in primary DNA damage in leucocyte in a dose-dependent manner, which also explained a large magnitude of association between diesel exhaust exposure and ex vivo endothelial biosensor response. Exogenous cGMP addition experiment further confirmed the induction of ex vivo biosensor gene expressions in endothelial cells treated with physiologically relevant levels of metabolites cGMP. CONCLUSION: Serum-borne bioactivity caused the arterial endothelial cell dysfunction may attribute to the circulatory metabolites based on the ex vivo biosensor assay. The reduced cGMP and increased polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons metabolites-induced cyto/geno-toxic play important role in the endothelial cell dysfunction of workers chronic exposure to diesel exhaust.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Emissões de Veículos , Células Endoteliais , Humanos , Emissões de Veículos/toxicidade
6.
Sci Total Environ ; 828: 154395, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35276165

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Male fertility has shown a continuously declining tendency for decades. Over exposure to metal/metalloid elements has been proposed as associated with reproductive impairment. However, the hazard profile remained unclear in general public experiencing low-level and combined metal exposure. METHODS: Based on the MARHCS cohort in Chongqing, China, 796 college students were recruited from June 2013 and 666 subjects were followed up next year. At each phase, semen and blood samples were collected for an assessment of semen quality and six sex hormones levels. Eighteen urinary metal/metalloid elements were quantified by ICP-MS as internal exposure biomarkers. Cluster analysis was conducted to characterize reproductive outcomes in the subgroups for different overall estimated exposure levels. Effects of each metal/metalloid element were analyzed using multiple statistical strategies: single-element mixed model, multiple-elements model and self before-after comparison design. RESULTS: The urine concentration for 18 metal/metalloid elements was at a typically lower level (far away from the exposure limits) and positively associated with each other. After adjustment of the potential confounders, a decrease of 11.53% (95% CI: -18.61, -3.84%) and 10.84% (95% CI: -17.93, -3.14%) in spermatid morphology was observed in the highest quantile groups of vanadium (V) and nickel (Ni), respectively. Urinary silver (Ag) was dose-dependent associated with an increase in total sperm number (6.91%, 95% CI: 1.14, 13.00%), sperm concentration (16.38%, 95% CI: 5.15, 28.81%) and semen volume (23.73%, 95% CI: 10.46, 38.60%). Further, hormone testosterone presented a significant decrease in subgroup with higher overall estimated exposure and a stable negative association with lithium (Li). The above relationships remained significant across different statistical strategies (all p values <0.05). CONCLUSION: Our study provided new evidences that exposure to metal/metalloid elements potentially exert bidirectional influences on semen quality at a relatively low level. And serum testosterone appears as a vulnerable index for metal exposure.


Assuntos
Metaloides , Análise do Sêmen , China , Humanos , Masculino , Metais , Estudos Prospectivos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Estudantes , Testosterona
7.
J Hazard Mater ; 431: 128538, 2022 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35231813

RESUMO

Environmental insults can lead to alteration in DNA methylation of specific genes. To address the role of altered DNA methylation in prediction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) exposure-induced genetic damage, we recruited two populations, including diesel engine exhausts (low-level) and coke oven emissions (high-level) exposed subjects. The positive correlation was observed between the internal exposure marker (1-hydroxypyrene) and the extents of DNA damage (P < 0.05). The methylation of representative genes, including TRIM36, RASSF1a, and MGMT in peripheral blood lymphocytes was quantitatively examined by bisulfite-pyrosequencing assay. The DNA methylation of these three genes in response to PAHs exposure were changed in a CpG-site-specific manner. The identified hot CpG site-specific methylation of three genes exhibited higher predictive power for DNA damage than the respective single genes in both populations. Furthermore, the dose-response relationship analysis revealed a nonlinear U-shape curve of TRIM36 or RASSF1a methylation in combined population, which led to determination of the threshold of health risk. Furthermore, we established a prediction model for genetic damage based on the unidirectional-alteration MGMT methylation levels. In conclusion, this study provides new insight into the application of multiple epi-biomarkers for health risk assessment upon PAHs exposure.


Assuntos
Coque , Exposição Ocupacional , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Coque/análise , Dano ao DNA , Metilação de DNA , Humanos , Exposição Ocupacional/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/toxicidade
8.
J Invest Dermatol ; 2022 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35305973

RESUMO

Psoriasis is a systemic immune-mediated inflammatory disease characterized by hyperproliferation and abnormal differentiation of epidermal keratinocytes. Recent studies have identified IL-17 and IL-23 as key drivers of psoriasis pathogenesis, but the underlying molecular mechanisms remain unclear. The 2'-5'-oligoadenylate synthetases, namely, OAS1, OAS2, OAS3, and OASL, are a family of interferon-induced enzymes with multiple antiviral activities, but their role in psoriasis is unknown. Here, we identified overexpression of OAS1, OAS2, and OAS3 in human lesional psoriatic skin and serum and found that their expression was downregulated by biologics. Moreover, OASs were highly expressed in epidermal keratinocytes, epidermal dendritic cells, epidermal CD3+ T cells, dermal antigen-presenting cells, and dermal T cells from the psoriatic epidermis and dermis, as determined by flow cytometry. Additionally, OASs were upregulated by poly(I:C), poly(dA:dT), and type I IFNs but downregulated by JAK inhibitors in normal human epidermal keratinocytes. Furthermore, silencing of OASs inhibited the phosphorylation of JAK1 and STAT1. Knockdown of OASs suppressed keratinocyte proliferation by inhibiting cell cycle progression. Thus, OASs may be therapeutic biomarkers in psoriasis.

9.
Front Neurosci ; 16: 807045, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35185457

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mirror visual feedback (MVF) has been widely used in neurological rehabilitation. Due to the potential gain effect of the MVF combination therapy, the related mechanisms still need be further analyzed. METHODS: Our self-controlled study recruited 20 healthy subjects (age 22.150 ± 2.661 years) were asked to perform four different visual feedback tasks with simultaneous functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) monitoring. The right hand of the subjects was set as the active hand (performing active movement), and the left hand was set as the observation hand (static or performing passive movement under soft robotic bilateral hand rehabilitation system). The four VF tasks were designed as RVF Task (real visual feedback task), MVF task (mirror visual feedback task), BRM task (bilateral robotic movement task), and MVF + BRM task (Mirror visual feedback combined with bilateral robotic movement task). RESULTS: The beta value of the right pre-motor cortex (PMC) of MVF task was significantly higher than the RVF task (RVF task: -0.015 ± 0.029, MVF task: 0.011 ± 0.033, P = 0.033). The beta value right primary sensorimotor cortex (SM1) in MVF + BRM task was significantly higher than MVF task (MVF task: 0.006 ± 0.040, MVF + BRM task: 0.037 ± 0.036, P = 0.016). CONCLUSION: Our study used the synchronous fNIRS to compare the immediate hemodynamics cortical activation of four visual feedback tasks in healthy subjects. The results showed the synergistic gain effect on cortical activation from MVF combined with a soft robotic bilateral hand rehabilitation system for the first time, which could be used to guide the clinical application and the future studies.

10.
Environ Pollut ; 300: 118937, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35114305

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a strong association of ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure with the increasing mortality by ischemic heart disease (IHD), but the involved mechanisms remain poorly understood. Herein, we found that the chronic exposure of real ambient PM2.5 led to the upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) protein in the myocardium of mice, accompanied by obvious myocardial injury and hypertrophy. Further data from the hypoxia-ischemia cellular model indicated that PM2.5-induced HIF-1α accumulation was responsible for the promotion of myocardial hypoxia injury. Moreover, the declined ATP level due to the HIF-1α-mediated energy metabolism remodeling from ß-oxidation to glycolysis had a critical role in the PM2.5-increased myocardial hypoxia injury. The in-depth analysis delineated that PM2.5 exposure decreased the binding of prolyl hydroxylase domain 2 (PHD2) and HIF-1α and subsequent ubiquitin protease levels, thereby leading to the accumulation of HIF-1α. Meanwhile, factor-inhibiting HIF1 (FIH1) expression was down-regulated by PM2.5, resulting in the enhanced translocation of HIF-1α to the nucleus. Overall, our study provides valuable insight into the regulatory role of oxygen sensor-mediated HIF-1α stabilization and translocation in PM-exacerbated myocardial hypoxia injury, we suggest this adds significantly to understanding the mechanisms of haze particles-caused burden of cardiovascular disease.


Assuntos
Isquemia Miocárdica , Animais , Hipóxia/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia , Camundongos , Isquemia Miocárdica/induzido quimicamente , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Oxigênio , Pró-Colágeno-Prolina Dioxigenase/metabolismo
11.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 231: 113173, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007830

RESUMO

A growing body of evidence associated particulate matter (PM) exposure with lipid metabolism disorders, yet, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. Among the major lipid metabolism modulators, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha plays an important role. In the current study, an individually ventilated cage (IVC) system was used to expose C57/B6 mice to real-ambient PM for six weeks, with or without co-treatment of PPAR alpha agonist WY14,643. The general parameters, liver and adipose tissue pathology, serum lipids, metal deposition and lipid profile of liver were assessed. The results indicated that six weeks of real-ambient PM exposure induced dyslipidemia, including increased serum triglycerides (TG) and decreased high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level, along with steatosis in liver, increased size of adipocytes in white adipose tissue (WAT) and whitening of brown adipose tissue (BAT). ICP-MS results indicated increased Cr and As deposition in liver. Lipidomics analysis revealed that glycerophospholipids and cytochrome P450 pathway were most significantly affected by PM exposure. Several lipid metabolism-related genes, including CYP4A14 in liver and UCP1 in BAT were downregulated following PM exposure. WY14,643 treatment alleviated PM-induced dyslipidemia, liver steatosis and whitening of BAT, while enhancing CD36, SLC27A1, CYP4A14 and UCP1 expression. In conclusion, PPAR alpha pathway participates in PM-induced lipid metabolism disorder, PPAR alpha agonist WY14,643 treatment exerted protective effects on PM-induced dyslipidemia, liver steatosis and whitening of BAT, but not on increased adipocyte size of WAT.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , PPAR alfa , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Animais , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Transtornos do Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/metabolismo , Camundongos , PPAR alfa/genética , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , Material Particulado/metabolismo , Proliferadores de Peroxissomos/metabolismo , Proliferadores de Peroxissomos/farmacologia
12.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(3): 1854-1863, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35049283

RESUMO

Virus receptors are highly involved in mediating the entrance of infectious viruses into host cells. Here, we found that typical chemical exposure caused the upregulation of virus receptor mRNA levels. Chemicals with the same structural characteristics can affect the transcription of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), a dominant receptor of SARS-CoV-2. Some chemicals can also regulate the transcription of ACE2 by similar regulatory mechanisms, such as multilayer biological responses and the crucial role of TATA-box binding protein associated factor 6. The abovementioned finding suggested that chemical mixtures may have a joint effect on the ACE2 mRNA level in the real scenario, where humans are exposed to numerous chemicals simultaneously in daily life. Chemically regulated virus receptor transcription was in a tissue-dependent manner, with the highest sensitivity in pulmonary epithelial cells. Therefore, in addition to genetic factors, exogenous chemical exposure can be an emerging nongenetic factor that stimulates the transcription of virus receptor abundance and may elevate the protein expression. These alterations could ultimately give rise to the susceptibility to virus infection and disease severity. This finding highlights new requirements for sufficient epidemiological data about exposomes on pathogen receptors in the host.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Receptores Virais , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Poluentes Ambientais , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro , SARS-CoV-2
13.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 232: 113248, 2022 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35093813

RESUMO

Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) could damage multiple organs and systems. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that PM2.5 can disrupt dynamic balance of thyroid hormone (TH). However, the underlying mechanism by which PM2.5 interferes with TH remains unclear. This study evaluated the role of Gli-similar3 (GLIS3) in the effect of PM2.5 on TH synthesis in mice using a real-ambient exposure system, in Shijiazhuang City, Hebei Province. The PM2.5exposure group (PM) and filtered air group (FA) were placed in the exposure device for four and eight weeks. The results showed that the PM2.5 exposure altered the structure of the thyroid gland. Moreover, after PM2.5 exposure for eight weeks, the exposure level of free thyroxine (FT4) increased and the expression level of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) decreased in serum of mice. In addition, PM2.5 exposure significantly increased the expression of proteins related to thyroid hormone synthesis, such as sodium iodide transporter (NIS), thyroid peroxidase (TPO) and thyroglobulin (TG). Next, we found that GLIS3 and thyroid transcription factor Paired box 8 (PAX8) also increased after PM2.5 exposure. In order to further explore the potential molecular mechanism, we carried out transcriptome sequencing. KEGG analysis of the top 10 pathways revealed that the Ras-associated protein 1 (Rap1) signaling pathway could activate transcription factors and is related to thyroid cell survival. Additionally, PM2.5 exposure significantly increased the protein levels of Rap1 and its active form (Rap1 +GTP). We speculate that the active state of Rap1 is believed to be involved in activating the expression of transcription factor GLIS3. In conclusion, PM2.5 exposure induces histological changes in the thyroid gland and thyroid dysfunction in mice. The exposure activates GLIS3 through the Rap1/PI3K/AKT pathway to promote the expression of proteins related to thyroid hormone synthesis, leading to increased dysregulating TH homeostasis.


Assuntos
Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Glândula Tireoide , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Homeostase , Camundongos , Material Particulado/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Transativadores/metabolismo
14.
Sci Total Environ ; 821: 153456, 2022 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35093369

RESUMO

Growing evidence has indicated that air pollution is associated with depression, and damage of olfactory bulb (OB) is regarded as an early marker for depression. However, the toxicity of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on OB and underlying mechanisms remains to be elucidated. In our study, a real-ambient PM2.5 exposure system was applied to explore the effects of PM2.5 on OB in C57BL/6 mice for 4 or 8 weeks. After 8 weeks exposure, the mice emerged potential depressive-like responses with reduction and disorder of cells in olfactory bulb tissues. Apoptosis and ultra-microstructure analysis indicated that the real-ambient PM2.5 exposure caused the neuronal death of OB. The immunofluorescence observation and KEGG pathway analysis revealed the real-ambient PM2.5 exposure induced microglia activation along with tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα)-mediated signaling enriched in OB of mice with depression-like behaviors. Moreover, results from ex vivo biosensor assay exhibited that PM2.5 might trigger systemic inflammation with increased levels of various proinflammatory factors to activate microglia. Further in vitro co-culture model identified that the PM2.5 evoked microglia cells activation with TNFα secretion and induced neuronal cells apoptosis via classical caspase3 signaling. Our findings provide new insights that PM2.5 induced microglia activation characterized by the release of TNFα to cause neurotoxicity either by direct action or by circulatory inflammation, resulting in OB damage, which may play a critical role in early diagnosis and pathogenic mechanisms for PM2.5 to cause depression.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Material Particulado , Poluentes Atmosféricos/metabolismo , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Animais , Depressão/induzido quimicamente , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia , Bulbo Olfatório , Material Particulado/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade
15.
Environ Mol Mutagen ; 63(1): 18-28, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34894159

RESUMO

Diesel engine exhaust (DEE) is classified as a Group 1 human carcinogen. Using a targeted proteomics approach, we aimed to identify proteins associated with DEE and characterize these markers to understand the mechanisms of DEE-induced carcinogenicity. In this cross-sectional molecular epidemiology study, we measured elemental carbon (EC) using a personal air monitor and quantified 1317 targeted proteins in the serum using the SOMAScan assay (SOMALogic) among 19 diesel exposed factory workers and 19 unexposed controls. We used linear regressions to identify proteins associated with DEE and examined their exposure-response relationship across levels of EC using linear trend tests. We further examined pathway enrichment of DEE-related proteins using MetaCore. Occupational exposure to DEE was associated with altered levels of 22 serum proteins (permutation p < .01). Of these, 13 proteins (CXCL11, HAPLN1, FLT4, CD40LG, PES1, IGHE.IGK..IGL, TNFSF9, PGD, NAGK, CCL25, CCL4L1, PDXK, and PLA2G1B) showed an exposure-response relationship with EC (p trend < .01), with serum levels of all but PLA2G1B declining with increasing air levels of EC. For instance, C-X-C Motif Chemokine Ligand 11 (CXCL11) showed the most significant association with DEE (ß = -0.25; permutation p = .00004), where mean serum levels were 4121.1, 2356.7, and 2298.8 relative fluorescent units among the unexposed, lower exposed (median, range : 56.9, 40.2-62.1 µg/m3 EC), and higher exposed (median, range of EC: 72.9, 66.9-107.7 µg/m3 EC) groups, respectively (p trend = .0005). Pathway analysis suggested that these proteins are enriched in pathways related to inflammation and immune regulation. Our study suggests that DEE exposure is associated with altered serum proteins, which play a role in inflammation and immune regulation.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127624, 2022 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740159

RESUMO

To identify key signaling pathways involved in ambient particulate matter (PM)-induced pulmonary injury, we generated a mouse model with myeloid-specific deletion of Ppp2r1a gene (encoding protein phosphatase 2 A (PP2A) A subunit), and conducted experiments in a real-ambient PM exposure system. PP2A Aα-/- homozygote (Aα HO) mice and matched wild-type (WT) littermates were exposed to PM over 3-week and 6-week. The effects of PM exposure on pulmonary inflammation, oxidative stress, and apoptosis were significantly enhanced in Aα HO compared to WT mice. The number of pulmonary macrophages increased by 74.8~88.0% and enhanced M1 polarization appeared in Aα HO mice upon PM exposure. Secretion of M1 macrophage-related inflammatory cytokines was significantly increased in Aα HO vs. WT mice following PM exposure. Moreover, we demonstrated that PP2A-B56α holoenzyme regulated M1 polarization and that the mTOR signaling pathway mediated the persistent M1 polarization upon PM2.5 exposure. Importantly, PP2A-B56α holoenzyme was shown to complex with mTOR/p70S6K/4E-BP1, and suppression of B56α led to enhanced phosphorylation of mTOR, p70S6K, and 4E-BP1. These observations demonstrate that the PP2A-mTOR-p70S6K/4E-BP1 signaling is a critical pathway in mediating macrophage M1 polarization, which contributes to PM-induced pulmonary injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa , Animais , Lesão Pulmonar/induzido quimicamente , Macrófagos Alveolares , Camundongos , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Fosforilação , Proteína Fosfatase 2/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/genética , Proteínas Quinases S6 Ribossômicas 70-kDa/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
17.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 79(5): 267, 2022 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488965

RESUMO

Recent studies have illustrated that psoriatic lesions are innervated by dense sensory nerve fibers. Psoriatic plaques appeared to improve after central or peripheral nerve injury. Therefore, the nervous system may play a vital role in psoriasis. We aimed to clarify the expression of nerve fibers in psoriasis and their relationship with immune cells and keratinocytes, and to explore the effect of skin nerve impairment. Our results illustrated that nerve fibers in psoriatic lesions increased and were closely innervated around immune cells and keratinocytes. RNA-seq analysis showed that peripheral sensory nerve-related genes were disrupted in psoriasis. In spinal cord hemi-section mice, sensory impairment improved psoriasiform dermatitis and inhibited the abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes. Botulinum toxin A alleviated psoriasiform dermatitis by inhibiting the secretion of calcitonin gene-related peptide. Collectively, cutaneous nerve fibers participate in the progression of psoriasis by linking epidermal keratinocytes and immunocytes. Neurological intervention may be a new treatment strategy for psoriasis.


Assuntos
Dermatite , Psoríase , Animais , Dermatite/metabolismo , Dermatite/patologia , Epiderme/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fibras Nervosas/metabolismo , Psoríase/patologia
18.
J Hazard Mater ; 425: 128041, 2022 03 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34906874

RESUMO

The quantitative adverse outcome pathway (qAOP) is proposed to inform dose-responses at multiple biological levels for the purpose of toxicity prediction. So far, qAOP models concerning human health are scarce. Previously, we proposed 5 key molecular pathways that led aryl hydrogen receptor (AHR) activation to lung damages. The present study assembled an AOP network based on the gene expression signatures of these toxicity pathways, and validated the network using publicly available high throughput data combined with machine learning models. In addition, the AOP network was quantitatively evaluated with omics approaches and bioassays, using 16HBE-CYP1A1 cells exposed to benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), a prototypical AHR activator. Benchmark dose (BMD) analysis of transcriptomics revealed that AHR gene held the lowest BMD value, whereas AHR pathway held the lowest point of departure (PoD) compared to the other 4 pathways. Targeted bioassays were further performed to quantitatively understand the cellular responses, including ROS generation, DNA damage, interleukin-6 production, and extracellular matrix increase marked by collagen expression. Eventually, response-response relationships were plotted using nonlinear model fitting. The present study developed a highly reliable AOP model concerning human health, and validated as well as quantitatively evaluated it, and such a method is likely to be adoptable for risk assessment.


Assuntos
Rotas de Resultados Adversos , Benzo(a)pireno , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A1 , Humanos , Hidrogênio , Pulmão , Receptores de Hidrocarboneto Arílico/genética
19.
J Hazard Mater ; 426: 128089, 2022 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933256

RESUMO

The dynamic network biomarkers (DNBs) are designed to identify the tipping point and specific molecules in initiation of PM2.5-induced lung cancers. To discover early-warning signals, we analyzed time-series gene expression datasets over a course of PM2.5 organic extraction-induced human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cell transformation (0th~16th week). A composition index of DNB (CIDNB) was calculated to determine correlations and fluctuations in molecule clusters at each timepoint. We identified a group of genes with the highest CIDNB at the 10th week, implicating a tipping point and corresponding DNBs. Functional experiments revealed that manipulating respective DNB genes at the tipping point led to remarkable changes in malignant phenotypes, including four promoters (GAB2, NCF1, MMP25, LAPTM5) and three suppressors (BATF2, DOK3, DAP3). Notably, co-altered expression of seven core DNB genes resulted in an enhanced activity of malignant transformation compared to effects of single-gene manipulation. Perturbation of pathways (EMT, HMGB1, STAT3, NF-κB, PTEN) appeared in HBE cells at the tipping point. The core DNB genes were involved in regulating lung cancer cell growth and associated with poor survival, indicating their synergistic effects in initiation and development of lung cancers. These findings provided novel insights into the mechanism of dynamic networks attributable to PM2.5-induced cell transformation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , NF-kappa B , Biomarcadores , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Material Particulado/toxicidade
20.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 197: 114897, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34968487

RESUMO

Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose is one of the leading causes of acute liver failure in the US and other developed countries, the molecular mechanisms of APAP-induced hepatotoxicity remain speculative. PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), a novel class of small non-coding RNAs, have been identified as epigenetic regulators of transposon silencing, mRNA deadenylation, and elimination. However, the functional role of piRNAs in APAP-induced liver injury remains unclear. In the current study, the piRNA profiles were constructed in HepaRG cells after APAP exposure, and the roles of piR-23210 in regulating nuclear receptors (NRs) expression, metabolizing enzymes expression, and consequently APAP-induced liver injury were systematically investigated. As a result, 57 upregulated piRNAs were identified after APAP exposure, indicating the stress-response characteristic of piRNA molecules. Subsequent in vitro and in vivo experiments proved that piR-23210 is a novel self-protective molecule that targets HNF1A and HNF4A transcripts by interacting with RNA binding protein Nucleolin (NCL), suppresses downstream CYPs (CYP2E1, CYP3A4, and CYP1A2) expression, and protects against APAP-induced liver injury. In conclusion, our findings provided new mechanistic clues revealing potential protective role of a piRNA against the hepatoxicity of APAP.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Analgésicos não Narcóticos/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Fator 4 Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Células HEK293 , Células Hep G2 , Fator 1-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/antagonistas & inibidores , Fator 4 Nuclear de Hepatócito/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem
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