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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33111149

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to clarify the incidence of sinoatrial nodal artery (SANa) injury in thoracoscopic epicardial surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) and its impact on postoperative outcomes, which have not been previously elucidated. METHODS: We enrolled 103 consecutively patients with AF who underwent thoracoscopic epicardial ablation at our institution. In these patients, we evaluated the postoperative incidence of SANa injury by using enhanced cardiac computed tomography. For patients with confirmed SANa injury, 3-day continuous electrocardiographic monitoring and exercise stress tests were performed to assess the sinus rhythm maintenance and sinus node function. RESULTS: Thirteen patients (12.6%) had a confirmed SANa injury (left anterior type in 6 patients, left posterior type in 2 patients and double-branch type in 5 patients). After a median follow-up of 24 months, the patients with SANa injury were not found to be associated with lower sinus rhythm maintenance (hazard ratio 1.09, 95% confidential interval 0.36-3.31) as compared with those without SANa injury after adjustment for patient characteristics. Sinus node function was evaluated in 7 patients with SANa injury who remained in sinus rhythm after the procedure, and no sinus node dysfunction was confirmed in the 3-day electrocardiographic monitoring and exercise stress tests at a median follow-up of 12 months. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of SANa injury in the patients who underwent thoracoscopic epicardial ablation for AF was relatively low, and the incidence of SANa injury was not associated with postoperative restoration of sinus rhythm and sinoatrial node dysfunction. More studies are required to better understand SANa injury.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33011234

RESUMO

The cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway has been identified as a reflex monitoring system that contributes to the physiological and pathological regulation of cytokines. Nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) plays an important role in immune regulation as a key molecule in neuronal communication. In this work, we investigated the characteristics and functions of a novel nAChR ß gene identified from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucata martensii (PmnAChR-ß). PmnAChR-ß displays structural similarities to nAChR molecules described in mammals, including a typical neurotransmitter-gated ion-channel ligand binding domain (LBD) and transmembrane (TM) domain. The result of phylogenetic analysis speculated that nAChR-ß in Mollusca, Chordata and Arthropoda were separated into three branches. The LBD of PmnAChR-ß was highly conserved, but its TM was variable. PmnAChR-ß was highly expressed in eggs and fertilized eggs and had the most abundant mRNA expression in the gills of pearl oyster. The expression of PmnAChR-ß mRNA was dramatically upregulated 12 h after lipopolysaccharide stimulation. Furthermore, PmnAChR-ß was highly expressed at 12 h and 6-18 d after transplantation in hemocytes. Pm-miR-516b-5p was identified as the regulatory microRNA of PmnAChR-ß. These results indicated that PmnAChR-ß may be an important component of the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway and participates in the immune regulation process of pearl oysters.

3.
J Card Surg ; 35(10): 2559-2566, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043654

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Few data are available on the association between postoperative serum uric acid (SUA) level and poor survival in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We evaluated the relationship between postoperative SUA and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) among patients undergoing CABG. METHODS: This study used data from 1614 consecutive patients undergoing CAGB at Fuwai Hospital (Beijing, China) from 2011 to 2015. Patients were stratified into statistical quartiles of postoperative SUA (between 6 and 18 hours after cardiac surgery): less than 203.7, 203.7 to 254.1, 254.1 to 316.6, and ≥316.6 µmol/L. The association of postoperative SUA with MACCE (ie, death, myocardial infarction [MI], stroke, or repeat revascularization) and the composite endpoint of mortality/MI were assessed. RESULTS: Patients had a mean age of 60.3 ± 8.4 years, and 79.3% were male. During mean follow-up of 2.5 ± 0.7 years, MACCE occurred in 201 (12.5%) patients. In separate multivariable regression models, postoperative SUA level was positively associated with in-hospital MACCE (highest vs lowest SUA quartile: odds ratio [OR]: 2.40; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.29, 4.48; P = .006) and in-hospital composite endpoint of mortality/MI (OR: 2.88; 95% CI: 1.45, 5.72; P = .003), respectively. And elevated postoperative SUA level was independently associated with MACCE (Hazard ratio [HR]: 1.70; 95% CI: 1.12, 2.57; P = .01) and the composite endpoint of mortality/MI (HR: 2.42; 95% CI: 1.32, 4.43; P = .004) respectively within 3 years after CABG. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated postoperative SUA level is associated with poor clinical outcomes after CABG. Patients with high postoperative SUA levels after CABG might require to be closely monitored.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
4.
Cancer Control ; 27(3): 1073274820920733, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869657

RESUMO

A positive fluid balance has been found to be deleterious in critically ill patients; however, the impact of early fluid balance, particularly on long-term outcomes, in critically ill patients with cancer remains unclear. We performed this retrospective study at a tertiary-care referral hospital with 1500 beds and 6 intensive care units (ICUs) in central Taiwan, and 942 patients with cancer admitted to ICUs during 2013 to 2016 were enrolled. The primary outcome was 1-year mortality. Cancer-related data were obtained from the cancer registry, and data during ICU admissions were retrieved from the electronic medical records. The association between fluid balance, which was represented by median and interquartile range, and 1-year mortality was determined by calculating the hazard ratio (HR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) using a multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model. The in-hospital mortality rate was 22.9% (216 of 942), and the mortality within 1 year after the index ICU admission was 38.7% (365 of 942). Compared to survivors, nonsurvivors tended to have a higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (24.1 ± 6.9 vs 20.5 ± 6.2, P < .01), a higher age (65.0 ± 14.4 vs 61.3 ± 14.3, P < .01), a higher serum creatinine (1.5 ± 1.3 vs 1.0 ± 1.0, P < .01), and a higher cumulative day 1 to 4 fluid balance (2669, 955-5005 vs 4103, 1268-7215 mL, P < .01). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis found that cumulative day-4 fluid balance was independently associated with 1-year mortality (adj HR 1.227, 95% CI: 1.132-1.329). A positive day 1 to 4 cumulative fluid balance was associated with shorter 1-year survival in critically ill patients with cancer. Further studies are needed to validate this association.

5.
Heart Surg Forum ; 23(5): E621-E626, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause of heart failure (HF), and impaired ejection fraction (EF<50%) is a crucial precursor to HF. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is an effective surgical solution to CAD-related HF. In light of the high risk of cardiac surgery, appropriate scores for groups of patients are of great importance. We aimed to establish a novel score to predict in-hospital mortality for impaired EF patients undergoing CABG. METHODS: Clinical information of 1,976 consecutive CABG patients with EF<50% was collected from January 2012 to December 2017. A novel system was developed using the logistic regression model to predict in-hospital mortality among patients with EF<50% who were to undergo CABG. The scoring system was named PGLANCE, which is short for seven identified risk factors, including previous cardiac surgery, gender, load of surgery, aortic surgery, NYHA stage, creatinine, and EF. AUC statistic was used to test discrimination of the model, and the calibration of this model was assessed by the Hosmer-lemeshow (HL) statistic. We also evaluated the applicability of PGLANCE to predict in-hospital mortality by comparing the 95% CI of expected mortality to the observed one. Results were compared with the European Risk System in Cardiac Operations (EuroSCORE), EuroSCORE II, and Sino System for Coronary Operative Risk Evaluation (SinoSCORE). RESULTS: By comparing with EuroSCORE, EuroSCORE II and SinoSCORE, PGLANCE was well calibrated (HL P = 0.311) and demonstrated powerful discrimination (AUC=0.846) in prediction of in-hospital mortality among impaired EF CABG patients. Furthermore, the 95% CI of mortality estimated by PGLANCE was closest to the observed value. CONCLUSION: PGLANCE is better with predicting in-hospital mortality than EuroSCORE, EuroSCORE II, and SinoSCORE for Chinese impaired EF CABG patients.

6.
J Med Virol ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical performance of low serum calcium and phosphorus in discriminative diagnosis of the severity of patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We conducted a single-center hospital-based study and consecutively recruited 122 suspected and 104 confirmed patients with COVID-19 during January 24 to April 25, 2020. Clinical risk factors of COVID-19 were identified. The discriminative power of low calcium and phosphorus regarding the disease severity was evaluated. Low calcium and low phosphorus are more prevalent in severe or critical COVID-19 patients than moderate COVID-19 patients (odds ratio [OR], 15.07; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.59-143.18 for calcium; OR, 6.90; 95% CI, 2.43-19.64 for phosphorus). The specificity in detecting the severe or critical patients among COVID-19 patients reached 98.5% (95% CI, 92.0%-99.7%) and 84.8% (95% CI, 74.3%-91.6%) by low calcium and low phosphorus, respectively, albeit with suboptimal sensitivity. Calcium and phosphorus combined with lymphocyte count could obtain the best discriminative performance for the severe COVID-19 patients (area under the curve [AUC] = 0.80), and combined with oxygenation index was promising (AUC = 0.71). Similar discriminative performances of low calcium and low phosphorus were found between suspected and confirmed COVID-19 patient. Low calcium and low phosphorus could indicate the severity of COVID-19 patients, and may be utilized as promising clinical biomarkers for discriminative diagnosis.

7.
Oncology ; : 1-9, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32894845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The characteristics and efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) in advanced EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients with primary tumor resection (PTR) is not yet clear. METHODS: We enrolled advanced EGFR-mutant lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR-TKI as first-line therapy to access the impact of PTR on the outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 466 patients were enrolled with 76 patients (16.3%) undergoing PTR; 59 patients recurred after curative surgery, while 17 patients underwent surgery as diagnostic purposes. PTR patients displayed a better performance status, a lower metastatic burden, and much less measurable diseases (30.3 vs. 97.4%, p < 0.001). PTR patients experienced a significantly longer progression-free survival (25.1 [95% CI 16.6-33.7] vs. 9.4 [95% CI 8.4-10.4] months; aHR 0.40 [95% CI 0.30-0.54], p < 0.001) and overall survival (56.8 [95% CI 36.3-77.2] vs. 31.8 [95% CI 28.2-35.4] months; aHR 0.57 [95% CI 0.39-0.84], p = 0.004). Survival advantage was still observed while comparing PTR patients with the better performance and lower metastatic burden subgroup found within the non-resection group. Moreover, the progression-free survival and overall survival of 11 patients who were found having pleural metastases during surgery and underwent PTR plus pleural biopsy, were also longer than those with pure N0--1/M1a-malignant pleural effusion disease in the non-resection group (n = 19) (p < 0.001 and p = 0.002, respectively). CONCLUSION: PTR was associated with significantly better outcomes in advanced lung adenocarcinoma patients treated with EGFR-TKI. Further studies are needed to evaluate the biological role of PTR among these patients.

8.
Environ Sci Technol ; 54(20): 12959-12966, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970415

RESUMO

The implementation of mainstream anammox has gained increasing attention. In this study, the feasibility of using sidestream anammox granules to start up mainstream reactors was investigated by comparing two switching strategies. A maximum nitrogen removal potential of 3.6 ± 0.2 kg N m-3 d-1 was obtained for the reactor after direct switching to mainstream conditions (70 mg TN L-1, 15 °C). Nevertheless, the reactor preacclimatized to 25 °C (Ma) exhibited a higher nitrogen removal potential of 7.0 ± 0.3 kg N m-3 d-1 at 15 °C, which is the highest volumetric nitrogen removal rate of mainstream anammox reactors to date. Candidatus Kuenenia stuttgartiensis was identified as the dominant anammox bacterium, and its relative abundance in two reactors remained stable throughout the whole operation (200 days). Moreover, with the aid of acclimatization, the activation energy was reduced and the specific growth rate became higher. These results indicated that the physiological evolution of the dominant anammox bacterium instead of interspecies selection was the main reason for the high potential during the switch to mainstream conditions. Therefore, using sidestream anammox granules as seed sludge to start up mainstream reactors was demonstrated to be feasible, and a switching strategy of acclimatization at 25 °C was recommended.

9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 133(16): 1891-1899, 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826451

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical left atrial appendage occlusion (SLAAO) may be associated with a lower risk of thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing cardiac surgery. However, evidence regarding the effectiveness of SLAAO in patients undergoing mechanical heart valve replacement (MHVR) is lacking. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between SLAAO and the cardiovascular outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing MHVR. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data for 497 patients with atrial fibrillation; 27.6% of the patients underwent SLAAO, and the remainder of the patients did not (No-SLAAO group). The primary outcome was a composite of ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, and all-cause mortality. Cumulative event-free survival rates were estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves, and we performed multivariate Cox analyses to evaluate the association between SLAAO and outcomes. We used one-to-one propensity score matching to balance patients' baseline characteristics, and analyzed 120 matching pairs. RESULTS: Five patients died within 30 days postoperatively, and there were no significant differences between the two groups regarding in-hospital complications (all P > 0.05). After a median follow-up of 14 months, 14 primary events occurred. Kaplan-Meier curves showed no difference in the cumulative incidence of freedom from the primary outcome (log-rank P = 0.830), hemorrhagic events (log-rank P = 0.870), and the secondary outcome (log-rank P = 0.730), between the two groups. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed no association between SLAAO and any outcome (all P > 0.05). After propensity score matching, cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time, and the postoperative length of stay were significantly longer in the SLAAO group (all P < 0.05); results were similar to the unadjusted analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant SLAAO and MHVR was associated with longer length of stay, and cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time, but was not associated with additional protective effects against thromboembolic events and mortality during the 14-month follow-up.

10.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 106: 621-627, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827655

RESUMO

The C1q-domain-containing (C1qDC) proteins are a family of proteins characterized by a globular C1q (gC1q) domain in their C-terminus which hold the potential function in the shell formation as shell matrix proteins. In this study, a C1qDC protein was identified and characterized in pearl oyster (Pinctada fucata martensii) (PmC1qDC) to explore its function in nacre formation. The PmC1qDC-deduced protein sequence carried a typical globular C1q (gC1q) domain that possessed the typical 10-stranded ß-sandwich fold with a jelly-roll topology common to all C1qDC family members and shared high homology with other gC1q domains. Homologous analysis of PmC1qDC presented it contained conserved secondary structure and Phe135, Phe155, Tyr166, Phe173, Tyr181, Phe183, and Phe256 amino acid residues. Expression pattern analysis showed that PmC1qDC expressed in all the detected tissues and exhibited a significantly higher expression level in nacre formation-associated tissues. After the shell notching, the expression level of PmC1qDC showed significantly up-regulation after 12 h in the central zone of mantle (MC). PmC1qDC expression significantly decreased in the MC after RNA interference (RNAi). Furthermore, disordered crystals with evident rough surface and irregular crystal tablets were observed in the nacre after RNAi. Results suggested that PmC1qDC affects the shell nacre formation, which is significant to improve the pearl production of pearl oyster.

11.
Am Heart J ; 228: 17-26, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary preventive therapies play a key role in the prevention of adverse events after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, adherence to secondary preventive drugs after CABG is often poor. With the increasing penetration of smartphones, health-related smartphone applications might provide an opportunity to improve medication adherence. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of using a smartphone-based application to improve medication adherence in patients after CABG. METHODS: The Measurement and Improvement Studies of Surgical coronary revascularizatION: medication adherence (MISSION-2) study is a multicenter randomized controlled trial that planned to enroll over 1000 patients who underwent isolated CABG at one of four large teaching hospitals in China; all enrolled participants had access to a smartphone and were able to operate at least three smartphone applications. The investigators randomly assigned the participants to one of two groups: (1) the intervention group with an advanced smartphone application for 6 months which was designed specifically for this trial and did not exist before. Participants could receive medication reminders and cardiac health education by the smartphone application or (2) the control group with usual care. The primary outcome was CABG secondary preventive medication adherence as measured by the translated Chinese version of the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) at 6 months after randomization. The secondary outcomes were mortality, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), cardiovascular rehospitalization, self-reported secondary preventive medication use after 6 months of follow-up, blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), and self-reported smoking status. All analyses were conducted using the intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: A total of 1000 patients (mean age, 57.28 [SD, 9.09] years; 85.5% male) with coronary heart disease after CABG were enrolled between September 2015 and September 2016 and were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 501) or control group (n = 499). At 6 months, the proportion of low-adherence participants, categorized by MMAS-8 scores, was 11.8% in the intervention group and 11.7% in the control group (RR = 1.005, 95% CI 0.682 to 1.480, P = 1.000). Similar results were found in sensitivity analyses that considered participants who withdrew from the study, or were lost to follow-up as nonadherent. There were no significant differences in the secondary clinical outcome measures, and there were no significant differences in the primary outcome across the subgroups tested. In the intervention group, the proportion of participants who used and operated the application during the first month after CABG was 88.1%; however, the use rate decreased sharply from 42.5% in the second month to 9.2% by the end of the study (6 months). CONCLUSIONS: A smartphone-based application supporting secondary prevention among patients after CABG did not lead to a greater adherence to secondary preventive medications. The limited room for improvement in medication adherence and the low participants' engagement with the smartphone applications might account for these non-significant outcomes.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença das Coronárias , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Smartphone , Software , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/psicologia , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Alerta/instrumentação , Prevenção Secundária/métodos
12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740149

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical left atrial appendage occlusion (SLAAO) may be associated with a lower risk of thromboembolism in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing cardiac surgery. However, evidence regarding the effectiveness of SLAAO in patients undergoing mechanical heart valve replacement (MHVR) is lacking. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association between SLAAO and the cardiovascular outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing MHVR. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data for 497 patients with atrial fibrillation; 27.6% of the patients underwent SLAAO, and the remainder of the patients did not (No-SLAAO group). The primary outcome was a composite of ischemic stroke, systemic embolism, and all-cause mortality. Cumulative event-free survival rates were estimated using Kaplan-Meier curves, and we performed multivariate Cox analyses to evaluate the association between SLAAO and outcomes. We used one-to-one propensity score matching to balance patients' baseline characteristics, and analyzed 120 matching pairs. RESULTS: Five patients died within 30 days postoperatively, and there were no significant differences between the two groups regarding in-hospital complications (all P > 0.05). After a median follow-up of 14 months, 14 primary events occurred. Kaplan-Meier curves showed no difference in the cumulative incidence of freedom from the primary outcome (log-rank P = 0.830), hemorrhagic events (log-rank P = 0.870), and the secondary outcome (log-rank P = 0.730), between the two groups. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed no association between SLAAO and any outcome (all P > 0.05). After propensity score matching, cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time, and the postoperative length of stay were significantly longer in the SLAAO group (all P < 0.05); results were similar to the unadjusted analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant SLAAO and MHVR was associated with longer length of stay, and cardiopulmonary bypass time and aortic cross-clamp time, but was not associated with additional protective effects against thromboembolic events and mortality during the 14-month follow-up.

13.
Eur Heart J ; 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818267

RESUMO

AIMS: Facial features were associated with increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD). We developed and validated a deep learning algorithm for detecting CAD based on facial photos. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a multicentre cross-sectional study of patients undergoing coronary angiography or computed tomography angiography at nine Chinese sites to train and validate a deep convolutional neural network for the detection of CAD (at least one ≥50% stenosis) from patient facial photos. Between July 2017 and March 2019, 5796 patients from eight sites were consecutively enrolled and randomly divided into training (90%, n = 5216) and validation (10%, n = 580) groups for algorithm development. Between April 2019 and July 2019, 1013 patients from nine sites were enrolled in test group for algorithm test. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) were calculated using radiologist diagnosis as the reference standard. Using an operating cut point with high sensitivity, the CAD detection algorithm had sensitivity of 0.80 and specificity of 0.54 in the test group; the AUC was 0.730 (95% confidence interval, 0.699-0.761). The AUC for the algorithm was higher than that for the Diamond-Forrester model (0.730 vs. 0.623, P < 0.001) and the CAD consortium clinical score (0.730 vs. 0.652, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that a deep learning algorithm based on facial photos can assist in CAD detection in this Chinese cohort. This technique may hold promise for pre-test CAD probability assessment in outpatient clinics or CAD screening in community. Further studies to develop a clinical available tool are warranted.

14.
J Diabetes ; 2020 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833247

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate risk factors of in-hospital mortality and vascular complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), particularly the effect of different glycemic control levels on outcomes in patients with and without previous evidence of diabetes. METHODS: A total of 8682 patients with and without previous diabetes undergoing CABG were categorized into strict, moderate, and liberal glucose control groups according to their mean blood glucose control level <7.8 mmol/L, 7.8 to 10.0 mmol/L, and ≥10.0 mmoL/L after in-hospital CABG. RESULTS: The patients with previous diabetes had higher rates of in-hospital mortality (1.3% vs 0.4%, P < .001) and major complications (7.0% vs 4.8%, P < .001) than those without diabetes. Current diabetes was significantly associated with a higher risk of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio [OR] = 3.14, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.87-5.27) and major complications (OR = 1.49, 95% CI 1.24-1.80), and smoking and higher low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels showed similar results. Among patients with previous diabetes, strict glucose control was significantly associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality (OR = 8.32, 95% CI 3.95-17.51) compared with moderate glucose control. Nevertheless, among non-previous diabetic patients with stress hyperglycemia, strict glucose control led to a lower risk of major complications (OR = 0.71, 95% CI 0.52-0.98). CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes status, smoking, and LDL-C levels were modifiable risk factors of both in-hospital mortality and major complications after CABG. Strict glucose control was associated with an increased risk of in-hospital mortality among patients with diabetes, whereas it reduced the risk of major complications among non-previous diabetic patients.

15.
Cardiovasc Res ; 116(10): 1733-1741, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638018

RESUMO

AIMS: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) directly binds to ACE2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) to facilitate cellular entry. Compared with the lung or respiratory tract, the human heart exhibits greater ACE2 expression. However, little substantial damage was found in the heart tissue, and no viral particles were observed in the cardiac myocytes. This study aims to analyse ACE2 and SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein proteases at the single-cell level, to explore the cardiac involvement in COVID-19 and improve our understanding of the potential cardiovascular implications of COVID-19. METHODS AND RESULTS: With meta-analysis, the prevalence of cardiac injury in COVID-19 patients varies from 2% [95% confidence interval (CI) 0-5%, I2 = 0%] in non-ICU patients to 59% (95% CI 48-71%, I2 = 85%) in non-survivors. With public single-cell sequence data analysis, ACE2 expression in the adult human heart is higher than that in the lung (adjusted P < 0.0001). Inversely, the most important S protein cleavage protease TMPRSS2 (transmembrane protease serine protease-2) in the heart exhibits an extremely lower expression than that in the lung (adjusted P < 0.0001), which may restrict entry of SARS-CoV-2 into cardiac cells. Furthermore, we discovered that other S protein proteases, CTSL (cathepsin L) and FURIN (furin, paired basic amino acid cleaving enzyme), were expressed in the adult heart at a similar level to that in the lung, which may compensate for TMPRSS2, mediating cardiac involvement in COVID-19. CONCLUSION: Compared with the lung, ACE2 is relatively more highly expressed in the human heart, while the key S protein priming protease, TMPRSS2, is rarely expressed. The low percentage of ACE2+/TMPRSS2+ cells reduced heart vulnerability to SARS-CoV-2 to some degree. CTSL and FURIN may compensate for S protein priming to mediate SARS-CoV-2 infection of the heart.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Miocárdio/enzimologia , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/virologia , Pandemias , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteólise
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499074

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to assess the impact of chronic total occlusion on long-term graft failure and outcomes in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: We conducted an observational study involving a single-center subgroup of the CORONARY trial. At 6 to 9 years after coronary artery bypass grafting, all alive patients were invited for coronary computed tomography angiography and clinical follow-up. We assessed the association between chronic total occlusion graft and failing graft showing Fitzgibbon type B or O. Risk factors associated with chronic total occlusion graft failure were assessed. The impact of chronic total occlusion on clinical outcomes was analyzed, including death, myocardial infarction, and repeated revascularization. RESULTS: A total of 349 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting were enrolled between May 2007 and October 2011. Of 301 alive patients at follow-up time (median, 6.8 years; interquartile range, 6.0-8.0 years), repeat coronary computed tomography angiography was performed in 206 patients (68.4%) with 723 grafts (154 chronic total occlusion grafts and 569 nonchronic total occlusion grafts). Chronic total occlusion graft was significantly associated with an increased risk of long-term graft failure after adjustment for patient- and graft-level characteristics (adjusted odds ratio, 2.27; 95% confidence interval, 1.42-3.62; P < .001). Arterial graft, side-to-side anastomosis, higher graft flow, and antiplatelet therapy at discharge were associated with chronic total occlusion graft patency. The presence of 1 or more chronic total occlusions was not significantly associated with long-term composite of death, myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.91; 95% confidence interval, 0.54-1.51; P = .707). CONCLUSIONS: Chronic total occlusion graft was associated with an increased risk of graft failure. Surgical technique and guideline-directed medical therapy should be noted to improve chronic total occlusion graft patency.

17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-277167

RESUMO

Recommendations for the safe and optimized resumption of cardiac surgery care, research and education during the SARS-CoV-2 era were developed by a cardiovascular research consortium, based in 19 countries and representing a wide spectrum of experience with COVID-19. This guidance document provides a framework for restarting cardiac surgery in the outpatient and inpatient settings, in accordance with the current understanding of SARS-CoV-2, the risks posed by interrupted cardiovascular care, and the available recommendations from major societies.

18.
Eur J Heart Fail ; 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-401833

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection is causing considerable morbidity and mortality worldwide. Multiple reports have suggested that patients with heart failure (HF) are at a higher risk of severe disease and mortality with COVID-19. Moreover, evaluating and treating HF patients with comorbid COVID-19 represents a formidable clinical challenge as symptoms of both conditions may overlap and they may potentiate each other. Limited data exist regarding comprehensive management of HF patients with concomitant COVID-19. Since these issues pose serious new challenges for clinicians worldwide, HF specialists must develop a structured approach to the care of patients with COVID-19 and be included early in the care of these patients. Therefore, the Heart Failure Association of the European Society of Cardiology and Chinese Heart Failure Association & National Heart Failure Committee conducted web-based meetings to discuss these unique clinical challenges and reach a consensus opinion to help providers worldwide deliver better patient care. The main objective of this position paper is to outline the management of HF patients with concomitant COVID-19 based on the available data and personal experiences of physicians from Asia, Europe and United States. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

20.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 103: 403-408, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32446968

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) play regulatory roles in various biological processes, including exoskeleton formation and immune response. The exoskeleton-based mantle-shell defense system is an important defense mechanism in shellfish. In this study, we found a novel lncRNA, herein formally named, LncMSEN2, from the pearl oyster Pinctada fucuta martensii, and its sequence was validated via polymerase chain reaction (PCR). LncMSEN2 was highly expressed in mantle tissues, especially in the central region (P < 0.05), and was also expressed in the pearl sac as detected by quantitative real-time PCR. In situ hybridization experiments revealed that LncMSEN2 had a strong positive signal in the inner and outer epidermal cells of the mantle pallial and central regions. RNA interference experiments showed that interference of LncMSEN2 expression with dsRNA in mantle tissues led to an abnormal crystal structure of the nacre. In addition, LncMSEN2 expression significantly increased 6 h after lipopolysaccharide stimulation in mantle tissues (P < 0.05). These results indicated that LncMSEN2 may be a novel regulator of the mantle-shell defense system of pearl oyster.

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