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1.
Am J Transl Res ; 11(4): 2168-2180, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31105826

RESUMO

The combination of tetramethylpyrazine phosphate (TMPP) and borneol (BO) protects against cerebral ischemia. However, the mechanism for their synergistic effect is unclear. In this study, an oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) injured brain model was induced in microvascular endothelium cells (BMECs). TMPP and BO concentrations were optimized according to an MTT assay. Cells were divided into five groups: control, model, TMPP, BO, and TMPP+BO. Subsequently, oxidative stress was evaluated based on the levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and reactive oxygen species (ROS). Intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) was detected using a laser confocal microscope. Cellular apoptosis was examined via Hoechst 33342 staining, flow cytometry, and expression of p53, B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), BCL-2-like protein 4 (BAX), and caspase-3 mRNA. Angiogenesis was evaluated based on expression of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1), and VEGFR2. Results showed that 5.0 µM TMPP and 0.5 µM BO were optimal. Monotherapy significantly enhanced CAT, BCL-2, and VEGF, and also reduced [Ca2+]i, apoptosis, and BAX. TMPP increased SOD, GSH-Px, and bFGF, and reduced MDA, ROS, p53, and caspase-3 levels. BO reduced VEGFR1 expression. TMPP+BO combination exhibited synergistic effects in decreasing apoptosis, and modulating expression of BCL-2, BAX, and VEGFR1. These results indicate that protection of OGD-injured BMECs by TMPP+BO combination involves anti-oxidation, apoptosis inhibition, and angiogenesis. Moreover, their synergistic mechanism was mainly related to the regulation of apoptosis and angiogenesis.

2.
Life Sci ; 226: 91-97, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30978348

RESUMO

The liver is importantly metabolic and detoxifying organ in the body. When various pathogenic factors affect the liver, the normal physiological and biochemical functions are weakened, resulting in liver diseases. Liver fibrosis is a common pathological process of chronic liver disease. During hepatic fibrosis the changes in the components of the extracellular matrix (ECM) provide an environment that facilitates tissue remodeling. Among these ECM components, periostin, a glycoprotein that is predominantly secreted by osteoblasts and their precursors, playing an important role in bone formation, has attracted great attention. Periostin not only involves in bone metabolism, but also functions in modulating the cell fate determination, proliferation, inflammatory responses, even tumorigenesis of many other tissues and organs including liver. In different categories of liver disease patients, the serum and liver tissue levels of periostin were closely related to the decline of liver function, and the pathological stage. Numerous animal studies and experiments in vitro subsequently demonstrated that the abnormal expression of periostin resulted in metabolic disorders, liver inflammation, fibrosis and even tumorigenesis. Here we review the current progress on the role of periostin in pathologic pathways of liver system to explore whether periostin is a potential therapeutic target for the treatment of different liver diseases.


Assuntos
Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/fisiologia , Hepatopatias/metabolismo , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Doença Crônica , Matriz Extracelular , Células Estreladas do Fígado , Hepatite , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/fisiologia , Cirrose Hepática , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Transdução de Sinais
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