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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(5): e18939, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32000411

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Diagnosing and treating refractory cancer pain have become standardized and effective procedures with guidance from the Expert Consensus on Refractory Cancer Pain released in 2017 by the Committee of Rehabilitation and Palliative Care of China. Doxorubicin has been used for perineural injection in the treatment of chronic non-cancer pain owing to its retrograde sensory ganglion resection effect. Our study reports a new fourth-ladder treatment for cancer pain: CT-guided paravertebral doxorubicin injection for patients with refractory cancer pain caused by paraspinal metastasis. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 48-year-old female and a 47-year-old male patients suffered from refractory cancer pain over the past months. They had both undergone surgical tumor resection, chemotherapy, and precision radiotherapy but result in limited analgesic effect. The daily oral morphine dosage was around 60 to 100 mg and rescue analgesic methods had been used at the time. DIAGNOSES: Refractory cancer pain in 2 patients with renal cancer and hepatobiliary adenocarcinoma. INTERVENTIONS: The patients both received computed tomography (CT)-guided 1 mL of 0.5% doxorubicin paravertebral injection at each affected nerve root segments. OUTCOMES: The Visual Analog Scale and Douleur Neuropathique four Questions were used for 6-month follow-up, and the analgesic requirement was also recorded. The patients enjoyed satisfactory analgesia for up to 6 months without adverse reaction. In addition, the oral opioid analgesic doses were significantly reduced after the neurolytic block. LESSONS: The CT-guided paravertebral doxorubicin injection was an effective fourth-step analgesic interventional technology that allowed our 2 patients with refractory cancer pain to maintain satisfactory analgesia. This analgesia method taken at an appropriate stage, according to the latest analgesic concept, results in good analgesia and opioid use reduction. Also, with the imaging guidance, only a small amount of neurolytic agent is needed to achieve analgesia in a precise and safe way.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Dor Intratável/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Dor do Câncer/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Intratável/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Eur J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: and purpose: For gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis (GCPM), there is no universally accepted prognostic staging system. This study aimed to validate the predictive ability of the 15th peritoneal metastasis staging system (P1abc) of the Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma (JCGC). METHODS: The data of 309 GCPM patients from July 2007 to July 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. This study compared the prognosis prediction performances of P1abc, the previous JCGC PM staging (P123) and Gilly staging systems. RESULTS: The survival curve revealed a significant difference in overall survival (OS) predicted by P1abc, P123 and Gilly staging (all P < 0.05), and the survival of the two adjacent substages were well distinguished by P1abc but not by P123 and Gilly staging. Both P123 and Gilly staging were substituted with P1abc staging in a 2-step multivariate analysis. The results showed that P1abc staging was superior to both P123 and Gilly staging in its discriminatory ability (C-index), predictive accuracy (AIC) and predictive homogeneity (likelihood ratio chi-square). A stratified analysis by different therapies indicated that for the P1a and P1b patients, OS following palliative resection combined with palliative chemotherapy (PRCPC) was better than that after palliative resection (PR) or palliative chemotherapy (PC) alone (P < 0.05). For the P1c patients, OS after receiving PC was significantly superior to that after receiving PRCPC or PR (P = 0.021). CONCLUSION: P1abc staging is superior to P123 and Gilly staging in predicting the survival of GCPM patients. Surgeons can provide these patients with appropriate treatment options according to the corresponding substages within P1abc.

3.
Oncol Rep ; 43(2): 461-470, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894342

RESUMO

In recent years, the important role of long non­â€‹coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in the development of liver cancer has received increasing attention. The abnormal expression level of long non­coding RNAs has been associated with the occurrence and development of liver cancer. However, the role and molecular mechanisms of lncRNAs in the development and progression of liver cancer are not fully understood. The present study aimed to clarify the function and molecular mechanism of lncRNA brain cytoplasmic 200 (BC200) in liver cancer. In the present study, it was found that BC200 expression level was higher in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues than that in adjacent tissues. Cell function was examined by constructing BC200 knockout (KO) and BC200­overexpression in vitro models. It was found that BC200 affected the proliferation and migration of HepG2 cells. Interestingly, it was found that BC200 affected the expression of c­Myc protein but did not affect the mRNA expression level of c­MYC. BC200 KO cells exhibited a reduced protein expression level of Bax protein and an increased protein expression level of Bcl­xL. Conversely, BC200 overexpression reduced the expression of Bcl­xL protein and increased the expression of Bax protein. Importantly, it was found that BC200 affected the formation of subcutaneous tumors in nude mice. In conclusion, the present results suggested that lncRNA BC200 may play an important role in liver cancer.

4.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(2): 343-352, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789424

RESUMO

Oxidative and inflammatory damage has been suggested to play important roles in the pathogenesis of skin photoaging. Andrographolide sodium bisulfate (ASB) is a soluble derivative of andrographolide and has known antioxidant and anti­inflammatory properties. In the present study, cellular experiments were designed to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the effect of ASB in relieving ultraviolet (UV)­induced photo­damage. Following ASB pretreatment and UV irradiation, the apoptosis and necrosis of HaCaT cells were investigated by Hoechst 33342/propidium iodide staining. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) production was investigated using a DCFH­DA fluorescence probe. Furthermore, the protein expression levels of p65, NF­κB inhibitor­α, nuclear factor E2­related factor 2 (Nrf2) and kelch­like ECH­associated protein 1 (keap1) were measured via western blotting and immunofluorescence analyses. Furthermore, NF­κB­mediated cytokines were assessed by ELISA, and Nrf2­mediated genes were detected by reverse transcription­quantitative PCR. Pretreatment with ASB markedly increased cell viability, decreased cell apoptosis and decreased UV­induced excess ROS levels. In addition, ASB activated the production of Nrf2 and increased the mRNA expression levels of glutamate­cysteine ligase catalytic subunit and NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1, while ASB downregulated the protein expression of p65 and decreased the production of interleukin (IL)­1ß, IL­6 and tumor necrosis factor­α. These results suggested that ASB attenuates UV­induced photo­damage by activating the keap1/Nrf2 pathway and downregulating the NF­κB pathway in HaCaT keratinocytes.

5.
Diabetes Ther ; 11(1): 71-81, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673971

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Small fiber neuropathy (SFN)-the early stage of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN)-progresses gradually and is difficult to diagnose using neurophysiological tests. To facilitate the early diagnosis of SFN, biomarkers for SFN must be identified. The purpose of this study was to investigate the characteristics of SFN in prediabetic patients and the relationship between pNF-H and SFN. METHODS: 44 IGT patients (inpatients and outpatients) were selected at random. 33 healthy subjects served as controls. Data on clinical characteristics and laboratory parameters were collected. Quantitative sensory testing (QST), electromyography (EMG), and Sudoscan were performed, and pNF-H was measured by ELISA. RESULTS: 24 of the 44 patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) were diagnosed with SFN according to the modified Toronto Diabetic Neuropathy Expert Group consensus criteria. The thermal sensory thresholds of the IGT-SFN group were significantly different from those of the CTRL group (p < 0.05), except for the heat pain threshold. The sensory nerve action potential (SNAP) of the sural nerve was 12.39 in the IGT-SFN group, which was significantly lower than those in the other groups. No significant difference in nerve conduction velocity (NCV) was observed among the three groups. The electrochemical skin conductance (ESC) in the IGT-SFN group was 69.78 ± 14.03uS, which was significantly lower than that in the CTRL group. The pNF-H in the IGT-SFN group was 170.6 (140.0, 223.6) pg/ml, which was significantly higher than those in the CTRL and IGT-non-SFN groups (76.55 and 64.7 pg/ml, respectively). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that pNF-H and 2h plasma glucose were independently correlated with SFN; the ORs (95% CI) were 1.429 (1.315, 1.924) and 2.375 (1.157, 4.837), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Serum pNF-H may be associated with SFN in IGT patients, and serum pNF-H could therefore serve as a sensitive biomarker for the detection of SFN.

6.
Gastric Cancer ; 23(1): 184-194, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increasing number of clinical studies have shown that laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) with D2 lymph node (LN) dissection is an effective method for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC). However, reports on the technical feasibility and oncology efficacy of laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) in the treatment of AGC are rare. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the clinicopathologic data of 1313 patients with clinical stage of cT2-4aN0-3M0 undergoing laparoscopic radical gastrectomy with D2 LN dissection from June 2007 to December 2013 was performed. Noncompliance was defined as patients with more than one LN station absence as described in the protocol for D2 lymphadenectomy in the Japanese Gastric Cancer Association (JGCA). According to the literature, it was subdivided into LN compliance group (all LN stations were detected), minor LN noncompliance group (1-2 LN stations were not detected), major LN noncompliance group (more than 2 LN stations were not detected). Based on the LN noncompliance, the surgical indications of LTG were analyzed with LDG as control. RESULTS: Among the 1313 patients, 197 (39.20%) patients and 321(39.71%) patients in the LDG group and the LTG group had minor LN noncompliance, 59(11.70%) patients and 163(20.10%) patients had major LN noncompliance. The difference in the extent of LN noncompliance between the two groups was statistically significant (p < 0.001). COX proportional hazards regression analysis elucidated that the LN noncompliance was an independent prognostic factor for overall survival (OS). BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 and the history of previous abdominal surgery (PAS) were independent risk factors for major LN noncompliance in LTG group (p < 0.05), with which patients were defined as a LN noncompliance high-risk group. With the exception of LN noncompliance high-risk group, the difference in the extent of LN noncompliance between LTG group and LDG group was still statistically significant (p = 0.008). Tumor diameter > 60 mm is a preoperative risk factor for station #5 LN noncompliance, and no preoperative risk factors for station #6 LN noncompliance were found, with which patients were defined as LN noncompliance middle-risk group. CONCLUSION: LN noncompliance is an independent prognostic factor for poor prognosis in patients after LTG. Based on this finding, patients with BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, history of PAS and tumor diameter > 60 mm in the advanced stage of upper-middle gastric cancer represent high/middle-risk groups with LN noncompliance in LTG surgery, which should be carefully selected.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 704: 135394, 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31796286

RESUMO

As a commonly used nitrification inhibitor, nitrapyrin can significantly improve the utilization of nitrogen in soils. However, the effectiveness of the traditional dosage form of nitrapyrin is reduced by soil adsorption. In this study, nitrapyrin was encapsulated into a melamine-formaldehyde resin microcapsule with good dispersion and release behavior using an in situ polymerization method. The nitrapyrin microcapsules were characterized using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and particle-size analysis. The results indicated that the microcapsules had a spherical-shell structure, a uniform morphology with nanoscale micropores on the surface, and a decent nitrapyrin loading content (67.19%). Tests revealed that the release behavior of the nitrapyrin microcapsules was outstanding and conformed to the double-release kinetic model. These results of this study indicate that the nitrapyrin microcapsules can be applied as nitrification inhibitors with beneficial environmental effects and high efficacy.

8.
Diabetes Ther ; 11(2): 569-570, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865611

RESUMO

In the original article, there was some error in Table 2. The correct table is given below.

9.
Biosci Rep ; 39(12)2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820803

RESUMO

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a kind of opportunistic pathogenic bacteria and mainly strikes the lower digestive tract and genitourinary tract. It is a major risk factor for neonatal babies, seriously threatening their lives. In the present study, we aimed to detect the GBS colonization in late pregnant women, and to study the effect of GBS on maternal and infants' prognosis. Pregnant women with a gestational age of 35-37 weeks were enrolled in the study. Real-time polymerase chain-reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the colonization of GBS in the vaginal and rectal secretions for late pregnant women according to the screening guidelines. Chi-square test was applied to analyze the relationship between GBS colonization and clinical characteristics. A follow-up of 6 weeks was performed on the puerpera and infants after delivery. The positive rate of GBS was 12.6% in late pregnant women. GBS carrier state was positively related to several pregnancy outcomes, including intrauterine infection, premature rupture of membranes, postpartum hemorrhage, fetal distress and puerperal infection, as well as to part neonatal outcomes, containing neonatal infection, neonatal pneumonia and neonatal sepsis (all P < 0.05). GBS infection in late pregnant women results in adverse effects on maternal and neonatal outcomes.

10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 2053149, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31885775

RESUMO

Dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons, which are sensitive to oxidative stress due to their anatomical and structural characteristics, play a complex role in the initiation and progression of diabetic bladder neuropathy. We investigated the hypothesis that the antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects of CGRP may be partly related to the expression of Nrf2 and HO-1, via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT pathway, thus reducing apoptosis and oxidative stress responses. This study shows that CGRP activates the PI3K/AKT pathway, thereby inducing increased expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 and resulting in the decrease of reactive oxygen species and malondialdehyde levels and reduced neuronal apoptosis. These effects were suppressed by LY294002, an inhibitor of the PI3K/AKT pathway. Therefore, regulation of Nrf2 and HO-1 expression by the PI3K/AKT pathway plays an important role in the regulation of the antioxidant and antiapoptotic responses in DRG cells in a high-glucose culture model.

11.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(21): 3419-3435, 2019 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31750326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of proximal gastric cancer (GC) is increasing, and methods for the prediction of the long-term survival of proximal GC patients have not been well established. AIM: To develop nomograms for the prediction of long-term survival among proximal GC patients. METHODS: Between January 2007 and June 2013, we prospectively collected and retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 746 patients with proximal GC, who were divided into a training set (n = 560, 75%) and a validation set (n = 186, 25%). A Cox regression analysis was used to identify the preoperative and postoperative risk factors for overall survival (OS). RESULTS: Among the 746 patients examined, the 3- and 5-year OS rates were 66.1% and 58.4%, respectively. In the training set, preoperative T stage (cT), N stage (cN), CA19-9, tumor size, ASA core, and 3- to 6-mo weight loss were incorporated into the preoperative nomogram to predict the OS. In addition to these variables, lymphatic vascular infiltration (LVI), postoperative tumor size, T stage, N stage, blood transfusions, and complications were incorporated into the postoperative nomogram. All calibration curves used to determine the OS probability fit well. In the training set, the preoperative nomogram achieved a C-index of 0.751 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.732-0.770] in predicting OS and accurately stratified the patients into four prognostic subgroups (5-year OS rates: 86.8%, 73.0%, 43.72%, and 20.9%, P < 0.001). The postoperative nomogram had a C-index of 0.758 in predicting OS and accurately stratified the patients into four prognostic subgroups (5-year OS rates: 82.6%, 74.3%, 45.9%, and 18.9%, P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The nomograms accurately predicted the pre- and postoperative long-term survival of proximal GC patients.

12.
Surg Endosc ; 2019 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31720795

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Well-designed retrospective studies (RSs) and small-sample prospective studies (PSs) evaluating the efficacy of interventions have received much attention. This study was designed to evaluate the differences between well-designed RSs and small-sample randomized controlled trials based on the efficacy of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) and open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 1360 patients with GC who underwent DG were analysed. After propensity score matching (1:1), 380 cases (ODG = 190, LDG = 190) were finally selected in a RS. Meanwhile, data from 120 patients (ODG = 60, LDG = 60) who enrolled in a PS were analysed. RESULTS: In the PS, the LDG group had less intraoperative blood loss, shorter time to first flatus, and shorter time to fluid diet than the ODG group. In the RS, the LDG group had less intraoperative blood loss, and a shorter postoperative hospital stay than the ODG group. In the PS, the 3-year overall survival (OS) rate was 83.3% in the LDG group and 83.2% in the ODG group (p = 0.877). In the RS, the 3-year OS rate was 68.7% in the LDG group and 66.6% in the ODG group (p = 0.752). No significant interactions were observed between the two groups and any of the variables examined, either in the PS or RS. The recurrence patterns were similar in the two groups. Furthermore, Cox regression analysis showed that surgical method (LDG/ODG) was not a prognostic factor affecting OS or DFS, either prospectively or retrospectively. CONCLUSIONS: The oncologic efficacy of laparoscopic and open distal gastrectomy for advanced GC is comparable. Well-designed RSs can be similar to small sample of PSs in assessing long-term oncologic outcomes of surgical interventions, but the short-term outcomes obtained should be treated with caution.

13.
iScience ; 21: 664-680, 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733513

RESUMO

Here we describe a proteomic data resource for the NCI-60 cell lines generated by pressure cycling technology and SWATH mass spectrometry. We developed the DIA-expert software to curate and visualize the SWATH data, leading to reproducible detection of over 3,100 SwissProt proteotypic proteins and systematic quantification of pathway activities. Stoichiometric relationships of interacting proteins for DNA replication, repair, the chromatin remodeling NuRD complex, ß-catenin, RNA metabolism, and prefoldins are more evident than that at the mRNA level. The data are available in CellMiner (discover.nci.nih.gov/cellminercdb and discover.nci.nih.gov/cellminer), allowing casual users to test hypotheses and perform integrative, cross-database analyses of multi-omic drug response correlations for over 20,000 drugs. We demonstrate the value of proteome data in predicting drug response for over 240 clinically relevant chemotherapeutic and targeted therapies. In summary, we present a novel proteome resource for the NCI-60, together with relevant software tools, and demonstrate the benefit of proteome analyses.

15.
Cancer Sci ; 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710406

RESUMO

The present study was designed to evaluate the dynamic survival and recurrence of remnant gastric cancer (RGC) after radical resection and to provide a reference for the development of personalized follow-up strategies. A total of 298 patients were analyzed for their 3-year conditional overall survival (COS3), 3-year conditional disease-specific survival (CDSS3), corresponding recurrence and pattern changes, and associated risk factors. The 5-year overall survival (OS) and the 5-year disease-specific survival (DSS) of the entire cohort were 41.2% and 45.8%, respectively. The COS3 and CDDS3 of RGC patients who survived for 5 years were 84.0% and 89.8%, respectively. The conditional survival in patients with unfavorable prognostic characteristics showed greater growth over time than in those with favorable prognostic characteristics (eg, COS3, ≥T3: 46.4%-83.0%, Δ36.6% vs ≤T2: 82.4%-85.7%, Δ3.3%; P < 0.001). Most recurrences (93.5%) occurred in the first 3 years after surgery. The American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage was the only factor that affected recurrence. Time-dependent Cox regression showed that for both OS and DSS, after 4 years of survival, the common prognostic factors that were initially judged lost their ability to predict survival (P > 0.05). Time-dependent logistic regression analysis showed that the AJCC stage independently affected recurrence within 2 years after surgery (P < 0.05). A postoperative follow-up model was developed for RGC patients. In conclusion, patients with RGC usually have a high likelihood of death or recurrence within 3 years after radical surgery. We developed a postoperative follow-up model for RGC patients of different stages, which may affect the design of future clinical trials.

16.
World J Clin Cases ; 7(18): 2905-2909, 2019 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31616710

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bortezomib is a first-line drug approved for patients with multiple myeloma (MM) and has significantly increased their overall survival. However, bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy (PN) remains a significant side effect that has led to its discontinuation in some patients. Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) is recognized as an immune-mediated PN characterized by the involvement of multiple nerve roots and peripheral nerves and albuminocytologic dissociation in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tests. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and plasmapheresis are effective. CASE SUMMARY: A 45-year-old man diagnosed with stage III MM (λ type) was treated with bortezomib and dexamethasone. Fourteen days after the second course, he complained of intense burning sensation in the lower limbs and hands, loss of tactile sensation, and pain in the distal area of both thighs and in the distal part of both wrist joints. Neurological examination revealed absence of knee and ankle reflexes. CSF examination revealed albuminocytologic dissociation. Nerve conduction studies indicated sensory nerve action potential amplitudes, conduction velocity decrease, and F wave latency prolongation. He was diagnosed as MM complicated with GBS. Subsequently, he was treated with high-dose IVIG (400 mg/kg/d for five days). His symptoms fully resolved without relapse at the 6-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: Our case highlights the differential diagnosis and management of complications after bortezomib treatment in MM.

17.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(37): 5641-5654, 2019 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31602164

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic surgery has been considered to be significantly better than laparoscopic surgery for complicated procedures. AIM: To explore the short-term effect of robotic and laparoscopic spleen-preserving splenic hilar lymphadenectomy (SPSHL) for advanced gastric cancer (GC) by Huang's three-step maneuver. METHODS: A total of 643 patients who underwent SPSHL were recruited from April 2012 to July 2017, including 35 patients who underwent robotic SPSHL (RSPSHL) and 608 who underwent laparoscopic SPSHL (LSPSHL). One-to-four propensity score matching was used to analyze the differences in clinical data between patients who underwent robotic SPSHL and those who underwent laparoscopic SPSHL. RESULTS: In all, 175 patients were matched, including 35 patients who underwent RSPSHL and 140 who underwent LSPSHL. After matching, there were no significant differences detected in the baseline characteristics between the two groups. Significant differences in total operative time, estimated blood loss (EBL), splenic hilar blood loss (SHBL), splenic hilar dissection time (SHDT), and splenic trunk dissection time were evident between these groups (P < 0.05). Furthermore, no significant differences were observed between the two groups in the overall noncompliance rate of lymph node (LN) dissection (62.9% vs 60%, P = 0.757), number of retrieved No. 10 LNs (3.1 ± 1.4 vs 3.3 ± 2.5, P = 0.650), total number of examined LNs (37.8 ± 13.1 vs 40.6 ± 13.6, P = 0.274), and postoperative complications (14.3% vs 17.9%, P = 0.616). A stratified analysis that divided the patients receiving RSPSHL into an early group (EG) and a late group (LG) revealed that the LG experienced obvious improvements in SHDT and length of stay compared with the EG (P < 0.05). Logistic regression showed that robotic surgery was a significantly protective factor against both SHBL and SHDT (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: RSPSHL is safe and feasible, especially after overcoming the early learning curve, as this procedure results in a radical curative effect equivalent to that of LSPSHL.

19.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 90(9): 095103, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31575227

RESUMO

Sliding electrical contact exists in various electrical equipment. However, its performance is significantly affected by the sliding condition such as the load, electricity, and the surface state of friction pairs. In this study, a novel instrument is designed and constructed for high-frequency microforce electrical sliding friction testing. The new instrument provides a unique experimental platform that enables high-frequency reciprocating friction and microforce loading, and it has an innovative data collection system that includes a cantilever beam structure to measure the microforce. In this instrument, parameters (positive force, friction, displacement, and voltage of frictional pair) are obtained and monitored in real time. The steel sheet and nickel-plated steel wire were used as materials to conduct an experiment, and the steel sheet morphology after the experiment was observed using a light microscope. Results show that the voltage and positive load significantly influence the friction coefficient and friction wear, which is crucial in understanding friction and wear behaviors.

20.
Front Pharmacol ; 10: 1100, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611792

RESUMO

Background: Childhood leukemia is one of the most common cancers in children. As a potential treatment for leukemia, immunotherapy has become a new research hotspot. This research aimed at exploring the status and trends of current researches on immunotherapy for childhood leukemia through bibliometric analysis. Methods: The Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science core collection database was searched for articles on immunotherapy and childhood leukemia using a computer. Time period for retrieval was from the beginning of the database to June 15, 2019. The top 100 highly cited articles were selected to extract their information on publication year, authors, title, publication journal, number of citations, author's affiliations, country, and so on. These general information and bibliometric data were collected for analysis. VOSviewer software was used to generate a figure for keywords' co-occurrence network and a figure for researcher's coauthorship network that visualized reference and cooperation patterns for different terms in the 100 articles. Results: The number of citations in the top 100 articles ranged from 17 to 471. These articles were published in 52 different publications. The top four journals in terms of the number of our selected articles were Leukemia (11 articles), Blood (10 articles), Bone Marrow Transplantation (6 articles), and Clinical Cancer Research. The most frequently nominated author was T. Klingebiel from Goethe University Frankfurt, and of the top 100 articles, 12 listed his name. These top 100 articles were published after the year 2000. Most of these articles were original (67%). The United States and Germany were the major countries researching immunotherapy for childhood leukemia and made significant contributions to the combat against the disease. Adoptive immunotherapy and stem cell transplantation appeared more frequently in keywords. Conclusions: This study analyzed the top 100 highly cited articles on immunotherapy for childhood leukemia and provided insights into the features and research hotspots of the articles on this issue.

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