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1.
Neuroscience ; 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33951503

RESUMO

Numerous studies have reported that prolonged or multiple exposures to anaesthetics in early life lead to detrimental effects on brain function, most having focused on neurocognitive function, and relatively few on long term neuropsychiatric performance. The present study investigated the impact of repeated neonatal isoflurane exposure on chronic variable stress (CVS)-induced psychiatric and behavioural outcomes together with CVS-related neuronal activity and neuro-inflammatory reactivity in relevant brain circuits. In the present study, C57BL/6J mice received either three exposures to isoflurane at postnatal days 7, 8, and 9 or a control exposure. From postnatal day 45, mice were exposed to a mild, 3-week, CVS paradigm or none and the CVS-related neuropsychiatric performance was evaluated using a series of behavioural tests. The neuronal activity in relevant brain regions was measured by ΔFosB immunopositivity and CVS-related neuroinflammation was assessed by analysing levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α. In mice experiencing serial neonatal isoflurane exposure, we detected a significant enhancement in anxiety levels following CVS procedures, together with enhanced neuronal activity, and exacerbated neuroinflammation in the basolateral amygdaloid nuclei (BLA) and hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) regions. No such change was found in control mice. These results indicate an association between early multiple isoflurane exposures in infant mice and susceptibility to a CVS-evoked anxious phenotype accompanied by enhanced neuronal activity in BLA and DG regions and high inflammatory reactivity in response to CVS.

2.
Phytochemistry ; 187: 112762, 2021 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33940379

RESUMO

Seven previously undescribed sesterterpenes were characterized from Penicillium roqueforti YJ-14 by solid fermentation. Their structures were initially investigated in detail by spectroscopic analyses and HR-ESI-MS and were further confirmed by X-crystallography. In in vitro bioassays, compounds 1, 5 and 7 showed cytotoxic activity against the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line with IC50 values of 7.98 ±â€¯0.93, 6.42 ±â€¯0.41 and 7.32 ±â€¯0.18 µM, respectively. Compounds 5 and 7 displayed significant cytotoxicity against the A549 lung cancer cell line (IC50 values of 4.83 ±â€¯0.22 µM and 4.58 ±â€¯0.85 µM, respectively). In addition, compound 5 showed an obvious inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production in LPS-activated RAW264.7 macrophages with an IC50 value of 9.53 ±â€¯0.16 µM.

3.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(7)2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805462

RESUMO

This paper reviews the phase structures and oxidation kinetics of complex Ti-Al alloys at oxidation temperatures in the range of 600-1000 °C. The mass gain and parabolic rate constants of the alloys under isothermal exposure at 100 h (or equivalent to cyclic exposure for 300 cycles) is compared. Of the alloying elements investigated, Si appeared to be the most effective in improving the oxidation resistance of Ti-Al alloys at high temperatures. The effect of alloying elements on the mechanical properties of Ti-Al alloys is also discussed. Significant improvement of the mechanical properties of Ti-Al alloys by element additions has been observed through the formation of new phases, grain refinement, and solid solution strengthening.

4.
Fitoterapia ; : 104910, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905817

RESUMO

Three new dihydrophenanthrenes, retusiusine D (1), retusiusine E (2), retusiusine F (3), and a new phenanthrene retusiusine G (4), together with two known dihydrophenanthrenes 4,7-dihydroxy-2,3-methylenedioxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene (5) and epemeranthol-A (6) were isolated from the tubers of Bulbophyllum retusiusculum. Their structures were established on the basis of extensive spectroscopic analyses. Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited potent cytotoxic activities against SMMC-7721 and weak cytotoxic activities against HL-60. Compound 4 showed moderate cytotoxic activity against SMMC-7721 and MCF-7.

5.
Bioorg Chem ; 112: 104834, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813309

RESUMO

Nine new pyrrole alkaloids, including two undescribed dimeric pyrrole 2­carbaldehyde alkaloids, lepipyrrolins A-B (1-2), seven pyrrole-alkaloid derivatives, macapyrrolins D-J (3-9), along with three known ones (10-12) were isolated from the rhizomes of Lepidium meyenii. Their structures and absolute configurations were demonstrated by extensive spectroscopic data (1D, 2D NMR, HRESIMS), and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) experiment. Compounds 1, 3-12 were tested for their nitric oxide inhibitory effects. Furthermore, compound 1 was evaluated for its cytotoxic activity against five human tumor cell lines (HL-60, SMMC-7221, A549, MCF-7, and SW480) in vitro, and displayed selective cytotoxicity against SMMC-7721 with IC50 value of 16.78 ± 0.49 µM.

6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806945

RESUMO

Circular RNA (circRNA) is a kind of novel endogenous noncoding RNA formed through back-splicing of mRNA precursor. The biogenesis, degradation, nucleus-cytoplasm transport, location, and even translation of circRNA are controlled by RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). Therefore, circRNAs and the chaperoned RBPs play critical roles in biological functions that significantly contribute to normal animal development and disease. In this review, we systematically characterize the possible molecular mechanism of circRNA-protein interactions, summarize the latest research on circRNA-protein interactions in muscle development and myocardial disease, and discuss the future application of circRNA in treating muscle diseases. Finally, we provide several valid prediction methods and experimental verification approaches. Our review reveals the significance of circRNAs and their protein chaperones and provides a reference for further study in this field.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Desenvolvimento Muscular/fisiologia , RNA Circular/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Edição de RNA , Transporte de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética
7.
J Surg Oncol ; 123 Suppl 1: S43-S51, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Transanal total mesorectal excision is a surgical procedure for mid- and low rectal cancer. The Chinese TaTME Registry Collaborative is a nationwide database collecting information on patients who have undergone this procedure. METHODS: Centers were invited by the registry committee to participate in a three-part data audit project: remote audits for data completeness and deviation values, onsite source verification of data accuracy, and an online survey of the characteristics of data managers. RESULTS: Twenty-three tertiary centers participated in this project. The median case volume registered by the centers was 51 (interquartile range, 25-89). The overall data completeness for 30 verified variables was 89.1%. Eight centers achieved a high data completeness rate (>95%). The source data of eight centers were verified onsite. The overall accuracy rate was 90.4% (85.3%-97.6% across centers). Postoperative complications, mortality, and proximal/distal resection margin involvement were accurately reported in >95% of cases. The data completeness rate was higher if the data manager was a surgeon/surgical resident (94.2% vs. 84.8%, p = 0.045). CONCLUSIONS: The completeness and accuracy of the data in the Chinese TaTME Registry Collaborative are acceptable. The quality of the data is highest when entered by colorectal surgeons and residents.

8.
J Fungi (Basel) ; 7(2)2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669631

RESUMO

The biotrophic fungus Sporisorium reilianum causes destructive head smut disease in maize (Zea mays L.). To explore the pathogenicity arsenal of this fungus, we tracked its transcriptome changes during infection of the maize seedling mesocotyls of two near-isogenic lines, HZ4 and HZ4R, differing solely in the disease resistance gene ZmWAK. Parasitic growth of S. reilianum resulted in thousands of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) compared with growth in axenic culture. The protein synthesis and energy metabolism of S. reilianum were predominantly enriched with down-regulated DEGs, consistent with the arrested hyphal growth observed following colonization. Nutrition-related metabolic processes were enriched with both up- and down-regulated DEGs, which, together with activated transmembrane transport, reflected a potential transition in nutrition uptake of S. reilianum once it invaded maize. Notably, genes encoding secreted proteins of S. reilianum were mostly up-regulated during biotrophy. ZmWAK-mediated resistance to head smut disease reduced the number of DEGs of S. reilianum, particularly those related to the secretome. These observations deepen our understanding of the mechanisms underlying S. reilianum pathogenicity and ZmWAK-induced innate immunity.

9.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 60(19): 10626-10631, 2021 05 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599074

RESUMO

Herein, we report a rhodium catalyzed directing-group free regioselective C-H allylation of simple arenes. Readily available gem-difluorinated cyclopropanes can be employed as highly reactive allyl surrogates via a sequence of C-C and C-F bond activation, providing allyl arene derivatives in good yields with high regioselectivity under mild conditions. The robust methodology enables facile late-stage functionalization of complex bioactive molecules. The high efficiency of this reaction is also demonstrated by the high turnover number (TON, up to 1700) of the rhodium catalyst on gram-scale experiments. Preliminary success on kinetic resolution of this transformation is achieved, providing a promising access to enantio-enriched gem-difluorinated cyclopropanes.

10.
J Mol Cell Biol ; 13(1): 41-58, 2021 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582796

RESUMO

Heart regeneration occurs by dedifferentiation and proliferation of pre-existing cardiomyocytes (CMs). However, the signaling mechanisms by which injury induces CM renewal remain incompletely understood. Here, we find that cardiac injury in zebrafish induces expression of the secreted Wnt inhibitors, including Dickkopf 1 (Dkk1), Dkk3, secreted Frizzled-related protein 1 (sFrp1), and sFrp2, in cardiac tissue adjacent to injury sites. Experimental blocking of Wnt activity via Dkk1 overexpression enhances CM proliferation and heart regeneration, whereas ectopic activation of Wnt8 signaling blunts injury-induced CM dedifferentiation and proliferation. Although Wnt signaling is dampened upon injury, the cytoplasmic ß-catenin is unexpectedly increased at disarrayed CM sarcomeres in myocardial wound edges. Our analyses indicated that p21-activated kinase 2 (Pak2) is induced at regenerating CMs, where it phosphorylates cytoplasmic ß-catenin at Ser 675 and increases its stability at disassembled sarcomeres. Myocardial-specific induction of the phospho-mimetic ß-catenin (S675E) enhances CM dedifferentiation and sarcomere disassembly in response to injury. Conversely, inactivation of Pak2 kinase activity reduces the Ser 675-phosphorylated ß-catenin (pS675-ß-catenin) and attenuates CM sarcomere disorganization and dedifferentiation. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that coordination of Wnt signaling inhibition and Pak2/pS675-ß-catenin signaling enhances zebrafish heart regeneration by supporting CM dedifferentiation and proliferation.

11.
Cell Mol Biol Lett ; 26(1): 4, 2021 Feb 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568070

RESUMO

miRNAs are well known to be gene repressors. A newly identified class of miRNAs termed nuclear activating miRNAs (NamiRNAs), transcribed from miRNA loci that exhibit enhancer features, promote gene expression via binding to the promoter and enhancer marker regions of the target genes. Meanwhile, activated enhancers produce endogenous non-coding RNAs (named enhancer RNAs, eRNAs) to activate gene expression. During chromatin looping, transcribed eRNAs interact with NamiRNAs through enhancer-promoter interaction to perform similar functions. Here, we review the functional differences and similarities between eRNAs and NamiRNAs in myogenesis and disease. We also propose models demonstrating their mutual mechanism and function. We conclude that eRNAs are active molecules, transcriptional regulators, and partners of NamiRNAs, rather than mere RNAs produced during enhancer activation.

12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(7): 2087-2098, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560120

RESUMO

In this study, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were generated by Pseudomonas fluorescens ZX with incubation in nutrient broth (NB), on NA (NB with agar), and on healthy orange fruits, and pure individual components of VOCs were used to manage citrus green mold infected by Penicillium digitatum. At a concentration of 1 × 1010 cfu/mL, the VOCs from antagonist-containing NA plates inhibited P. digitatum conidial germination and mycelial growth by about 60%, while the VOCs from bacterial fluid exhibited approximately 75% inhibitory effect. Biofumigation by VOCs significantly reduced the disease index, with a higher biocontrol efficacy by VOCs from bacterial fluid (about 51%) than from antagonist-containing NA plates (around 40%) or from antagonist-infested fruit (approximately 24%). Exposure to VOCs led to morphological abnormalities of P. digitatum conidia and hyphae. However, VOCs exhibited poor preventative and curative action against P. digitatum. The storage test showed that biofumigation had no negative effects on fruit quality. Antifungal assays suggested that dimethyl disulfide and dimethyl trisulfide exhibited the highest inhibitory effects, which afforded complete inhibition at the lowest concentrations. In addition, organic acids were also promising in controlling green mold, but only at suitable low concentrations to avoid eliciting fruit's physiological diseases.

13.
IEEE Trans Med Imaging ; 40(5): 1363-1376, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507867

RESUMO

To better understand early brain development in health and disorder, it is critical to accurately segment infant brain magnetic resonance (MR) images into white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Deep learning-based methods have achieved state-of-the-art performance; h owever, one of the major limitations is that the learning-based methods may suffer from the multi-site issue, that is, the models trained on a dataset from one site may not be applicable to the datasets acquired from other sites with different imaging protocols/scanners. To promote methodological development in the community, the iSeg-2019 challenge (http://iseg2019.web.unc.edu) provides a set of 6-month infant subjects from multiple sites with different protocols/scanners for the participating methods. T raining/validation subjects are from UNC (MAP) and testing subjects are from UNC/UMN (BCP), Stanford University, and Emory University. By the time of writing, there are 30 automatic segmentation methods participated in the iSeg-2019. In this article, 8 top-ranked methods were reviewed by detailing their pipelines/implementations, presenting experimental results, and evaluating performance across different sites in terms of whole brain, regions of interest, and gyral landmark curves. We further pointed out their limitations and possible directions for addressing the multi-site issue. We find that multi-site consistency is still an open issue. We hope that the multi-site dataset in the iSeg-2019 and this review article will attract more researchers to address the challenging and critical multi-site issue in practice.

14.
J Biochem ; 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33481008

RESUMO

In recent years, the role of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in tumors has attracted widespread attention. Some circRNAs have been reported to play a role in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), however, circRNAs have rarely been reported in terms of TNBC resistance. This study aimed to clarify that circGFRA1 affects the sensitivity of TNBC cells to paclitaxel (PTX) by the miR-361-5p/TLR4 pathway. Compared with the non-PTX-resistant TNBC cell line MDA-MB-231, the expression of circGFRA1 in the PTX-resistant TNBC cell line MDA-MB-231.PR was significantly increased. The small hairpin RNA-mediated circGFRA1 knockdown inhibited the resistance of TNBC cells to PTX. RNA pull-down assay and luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed the binding between circGFRA1 and miR-361-5p and between miR-361-5p and TLR4. It has been proven that circGFRA1 knockdown can inhibit the resistance of TNBC cells to PTX by promoting the expression of miR-361-5p, and subsequently reduce the expression of TLR4.

15.
Neuroimage ; 227: 117649, 2021 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33338616

RESUMO

As non-human primates, macaques have a close phylogenetic relationship to human beings and have been proven to be a valuable and widely used animal model in human neuroscience research. Accurate skull stripping (aka. brain extraction) of brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a crucial prerequisite in neuroimaging analysis of macaques. Most of the current skull stripping methods can achieve satisfactory results for human brains, but when applied to macaque brains, especially during early brain development, the results are often unsatisfactory. In fact, the early dynamic, regionally-heterogeneous development of macaque brains, accompanied by poor and age-related contrast between different anatomical structures, poses significant challenges for accurate skull stripping. To overcome these challenges, we propose a fully-automated framework to effectively fuse the age-specific intensity information and domain-invariant prior knowledge as important guiding information for robust skull stripping of developing macaques from 0 to 36 months of age. Specifically, we generate Signed Distance Map (SDM) and Center of Gravity Distance Map (CGDM) based on the intermediate segmentation results as guidance. Instead of using local convolution, we fuse all information using the Dual Self-Attention Module (DSAM), which can capture global spatial and channel-dependent information of feature maps. To extensively evaluate the performance, we adopt two relatively-large challenging MRI datasets from rhesus macaques and cynomolgus macaques, respectively, with a total of 361 scans from two different scanners with different imaging protocols. We perform cross-validation by using one dataset for training and the other one for testing. Our method outperforms five popular brain extraction tools and three deep-learning-based methods on cross-source MRI datasets without any transfer learning.


Assuntos
Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos , Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia , Aprendizado Profundo , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Animais , Macaca , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
16.
ACS Omega ; 5(47): 30596-30602, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33283108

RESUMO

Six new polyketides named paraverrucsins A-F (1-6) with oxabicyclic and dioxatricyclic skeletons, together with eight known metabolites (7-14), were discovered and isolated from the fermentation medium of Paraphaeosphaeria verruculosa. Paraverrucsin A-C possessed a novel decarboxylated skeleton compared with that of trichocladinols. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectral analysis and DP4+ calculations. Paraverrucsins B/C and D/E were isolated as a mixture for the mutarotation occurred at C-2. Paraverrucsins B/C, D/E, F/trichocladinol B, 8, and 9 displayed antifeedant activities against silkworm larvae, with antifeedant index percentages ranging from 62.5 to 93.0%, at a concentration of 50 µg/cm2. Among them, Paraverrucsins B/C and 9 had EC50 values at 13.9 and 18.2 µg/cm2. Most compounds showed antifungal activities against phytopathogenic fungi with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values of 16-64 µg/mL. Coculture of P. verruculosa and host plant Dendrobium officinale leads to the enhancement of antifeedant and antiphytopathogenic activities. Compounds 1, 2/3, 4/5, 6/14 were tested for cytotoxicity against five human carcinoma cell lines, HL-60, A549, MCF-7, SW480, and SMMC-7721, while they exhibited selected cytotoxicity against SW480 with inhibition ratios of 32-38% at a concentration of 40 µM.

17.
Fitoterapia ; 148: 104781, 2020 Nov 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33259889

RESUMO

Five new tremulane sesquiterpenoids were isolated from co-culture of endophyte Irpex lacteus, phytopathogen Nigrospora oryzae, and entomopathogen Beauveria bassiana. All compounds showed obvious antifeedant activities against silkworm with inhibition percentages of 73-99%, at concentrations of 50 µg/cm2. Compound 11 indicated notable antifeedant activity with inhibition percentage of 93% at concentration of 6.25 µg/cm2 among them. Compounds 2, 3, 4, 8, 9, 15 and 16 indicated anti-fungal activities against I. lacteus with MIC values ≤8 µg/mL, compounds 11, 12, 16-18 showed significant anti-fungal activity against N. oryzae with MICs ≤ 4 µg/mL, and compounds 2, 5, 12 and 18 indicated significant anti-fungal activity against B. bassiana with MICs ≤ 8 µg/mL. In addition, the I. lacteus should unite B. bassiana to inhibit the production of phytotoxins from N. oryzae in the ternary culture.

18.
Appetite ; 159: 105055, 2020 Nov 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33248191

RESUMO

Abnormal activities in reward-related regions are associated with overeating or obesity. Preliminary studies have shown that changes in neural activity in obesity include not only regional reward regions abnormalities but also impairments in the communication between reward-related regions and multiple functional areas. A recent study has shown that the transitions between different neural networks are nonrandom and hierarchical, and that activation of particular brain networks is more likely to occur after other brain networks. The aims of this study were to investigate the key nodes of reward-related regions in obese males and explore the hierarchical integrated processing of key nodes. Twenty-four obese males and 24 normal-weight male controls of similar ages were recruited. The fMRI data were acquired using 3.0 T MRI. The fMRI data preprocessing was performed in DPABI and SPM 12. Degree centrality analyses were conducted using GRETNA toolkit, and Granger causality analyses were calculated using DynamicBC toolbox. Decreased degree centrality was observed in left ventral medial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and right parahippocampal/hippocampal gyrus in group with obesity. The group with obesity demonstrated increased effective connectivity between left vmPFC and several regions (left inferior temporal gyrus, left supplementary motor area, right insular cortex, right postcentral gyrus, right paracentral lobule and bilateral fusiform gyrus). Increased effective connectivity was observed between right parahippocampal/hippocampal gyrus and left precentral/postcentral gyrus. Decreased effective connectivity was found between right parahippocampal/hippocampal gyrus and left inferior parietal lobule. This study identified the features of hierarchical interactions between the key reward nodes and multiple function networks. These findings may provide more evidence for the existing view of hierarchical organization in reward processing.

19.
J Ginseng Res ; 44(6): 770-774, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33192119

RESUMO

Background: Fermentation has been shown to improve the biological properties of plants and herbs. Specifically, fermentation causes decomposition and/or biotransformation of active metabolites into high-value products. Polyacetylenes are a class of polyketides with a pleiotropic profile of bioactivity. Methods: Column chromatography was used to isolate compounds, and extensive NMR experiments were used to determine their structures. The transformation of polyacetylene in red ginseng (RG) and the production of cazaldehyde B induced by the extract of RG were identified by TLC and HPLC analyses. Results: A new metabolite was isolated from RG fermented by Chaetomium globosum, and this new metabolite can be obtained by the biotransformation of polyacetylene in RG. Panaxytriol was found to exhibit the highest antifungal activity against C. globosum compared with other major ingredients in RG. The fungus C. globosum cultured in RG extract can metabolize panaxytriol to Metabolite A to survive, with no antifungal activity against itself. Metabolites A and B showed obvious inhibition against NO production, with ratios of 42.75 ± 1.60 and 63.95 ± 1.45% at 50 µM, respectively. A higher inhibitory rate on NO production was observed for Metabolite B than for a positive drug. Conclusion: Metabolite A is a rare example of natural polyacetylene biotransformation by microbial fermentation. This biotransformation only occurred in fermented RG. The extract of RG also stimulated the production of a new natural product, cazaldehyde B, from C. globosum. The lactone in Metabolite A can decrease the cytotoxicity, which was deemed to be the intrinsic activity of polyacetylene in ginseng.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33185005

RESUMO

The design and assembly of photoelectro-active molecular channel structures is of great importance because of their special advantages in charge mobility, photo-induced electron transfer, proton conduction and exciton transport. Besides macrocycle stacking and knot + linker connection, this work rarely provides a fresh strategy for the exquisite design of 1D channel based on a pair of mirror isomers. Racemic 9,9'-diphenyl-[2,2'-bifluorene]-9,9'-diol (DPFOH) enantiomers were proved to be utilized as newfashioned building modules for the non-helical 1D channel structures. Although the individual molecule doesn't present any molecular symmetry, two pairs of racemic DPFOH enantiomers can form a C2-symmetric closed loop via the stereoscopic herringbone assembly. Thanks to the special symmetry derived from the enantiomer pairs, the multiple supramolecular interactions and the padding from solvent molecules, this conventionally unstable topological structure is achieved. The self-similar relationship of tubular structures spanning from molecular level to microscale level was explained. Finally, the lithium-ion transport performance was demonstrated, showing a significant ion conductivity of 1.77×10-4 S/cm, indicating the potential research value of this novel 1D channel structure.

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