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1.
Pest Manag Sci ; 2020 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of trap crops can reduce the egg production of female Plutella xylostella in cruciferous vegetables and is an effective method for controlling this pest. To date, most of the trap plants that have been studied are cruciferous plants containing high concentrations of glucosinolates, which are more attractive to P. xylostella female adults. However, the application of these trap plants also has some limitations. Studies have shown that aqueous extracts of cruciferous plants can attract P. xylostella to lay eggs. In this study, we utilized the extract of Chinese kale to treat a non-host plant, the faba bean, and evaluated the possibility of its using as a dead-end trap plant for P. xylostella control. RESULTS: P. xylostella females laid significantly more eggs on faba beans that had been sprayed with the extract of Chinese kale rather than on Chinese kale itself. The first instar larvae of P. xylostella failed to survive on faba beans. Notably, the faba beans with the Chinese kale extract had the strongest attraction effect on P. xylostella females when placed 3 m away from the Chinese kale. Moreover, this attraction effect of faba beans on P. xylostella for oviposition lasted for up to 15 days. CONCLUSION: Faba bean plants sprayed with the aqueous extract of Chinese kale represent a potential dead-end trap plant for P. xylostella adults and their oviposition while being invariably deadly for their offspring. The present study provides a new proof of concept of using a non-cruciferous trap plant for P. xylostella management. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

2.
Dalton Trans ; 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33034595

RESUMO

Two five-coordinate mononuclear Co(ii) complexes [Co(12-TMC)X][B(C6H5)4] (L = 1,4,7,10-tetramethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (12-TMC), X = Cl- (1), Br- (2)) have been studied by X-ray single crystallography, magnetic measurements, high-frequency and -field EPR (HF-EPR) spectroscopy and theoretical calculations. Both complexes have a distorted square pyramidal geometry with the Co(ii) ion lying above the basal plane constrained by the rigid tetradentate macrocyclic ligand. In contrast to the reported five-coordinate Co(ii) complex [Co(12-TMC)(NCO)][B(C6H5)4] (3) exhibiting easy-axis anisotropy, an easy-plane magnetic anisotropy was found for 1 and 2 via the analyses of the direct-current magnetic data and HF-EPR spectroscopy. Frequency- and temperature-dependent alternating-current magnetic susceptibility measurements demonstrated that complexes 1 and 2 show slow magnetic relaxation at an applied dc field. Ab initio calculations were performed to reveal the impact of the terminal ligands on the nature of the magnetic anisotropies of this series of five-coordinate Co(ii) complexes.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt A): 107045, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045564

RESUMO

NOD-, LRR- and pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome and triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM-1) are considered critical orchestrators of the inflammatory response in acute lung injury (ALI). However, few assumptions are based on the relationship between them. Here, we investigated the effect of NLRP3 inflammasome activation on the TREM-1 expression in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI and macrophages. We found that inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome reduced the TREM-1 expression and pathological lung injury in mice with ALI. Then, primary murine macrophages were used to dissect the underlying mechanistic events of the activation NLRP3 inflammasome involved in the TREM-1 expression. Our results demonstrated that the conditioned medium (CM) from NLRP3 inflammasome-activated-macrophages up-regulated the TREM-1 expression in macrophages, while this effect was reversed by an NLRP3 inflammasome inhibitor MCC950. Furthermore, neutralizing antibodies anti-IL-18 and anti-HMGB1 reduced the TREM-1 expression induced by NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Mechanistically, we found that CM from NLRP3 inflammasome-activated-macrophages increased the level of inhibitor κB kinase protein phosphorylation (p-IκBα) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) content, and promoted IκBα protein degradation in macrophages. While the inhibition of nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) and scavenging ROS eliminated the up-regulation of TREM-1 induced by the NLRP3 inflammasome activation in macrophages. In summary, our study confers NLRP3 inflammasome as a new trigger of TREM-1 signing, which allows additional insight into the pathological of the inflammatory response in ALI.

4.
Langmuir ; 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33070609

RESUMO

Surface biofunctionalization provides an approach to the fabrication of surfaces with improved biological and clinical performances. Biosurfaces have found increasing applications in many areas such as sensing, cell growth, and disease detection. Efficient synthesis of biosurfaces without damages to the structures and functionalities of biomolecules is a great challenge. Polymerization-induced surface self-assembly (PISSA) provides an effective approach to the synthesis of surface nanostructures with different compositions, morphologies, and properties. In this research, application of PISSA in the fabrication of biosurfaces is investigated. Two different reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) agents, RAFT chain transfer agent (CTA) on silica particles (SiO2-CTA) and CTA on bovine serum albumin (BSA-CTA), were employed in RAFT dispersion polymerization of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) in water at a temperature above the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) of poly-(isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM). After polymerization, PNIPAM layers with BSA on the top surfaces are fabricated on the surfaces of silica particles. Transmission electron microscopy results show that the average PNIPAM layer thickness increases with monomer conversion. Kinetics study indicates that there is a turn point on a plot of ln([M]0/[M]t) versus polymerization time. After the critical point, surface coassembly of PNIPAM brushes and BSA-PNIPAM bioconjugates is performed on the silica particles. The secondary structure and the activity of BSA immobilized on top of the PNIPAM layers are basically kept unchanged in the PISSA process. To prepare permanently immobilized protein surfaces, PNIPAM layers on silica particles are cross-linked. BSA on the top surfaces presents a reversible "on-off" switching property. At a temperature below the LCST of PNIPAM, the activity of the immobilized BSA is retained; however, the BSA activity decreases significantly at a temperature above the LCST because of the hydrophobic interaction between PNIPAM and BSA. Based on this approach, many different biosurfaces can be fabricated and the materials will find applications in many fields, such as enzyme immobilization, drug delivery, and tissue engineering.

5.
J Neurosci Res ; 2020 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32981154

RESUMO

The purpose of this clinical trial was to examine whether internal jugular vein compression (JVC)-using an externally worn neck collar-modulated the relationships between differential head impact exposure levels and pre- to postseason changes in diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-derived diffusivity and anisotropy metrics of white matter following a season of American tackle football. Male high-school athletes (n = 284) were prospectively assigned to a non-collar group or a collar group. Magnetic resonance imaging data were collected from participants pre- and postseason and head impact exposure was monitored by accelerometers during every practice and game throughout the competitive season. Athletes' accumulated head impact exposure was systematically thresholded based on the frequency of impacts of progressively higher magnitudes (10 g intervals between 20 to 150 g) and modeled with pre- to postseason changes in DTI measures of white matter as a function of JVC neck collar wear. The findings revealed that the JVC neck collar modulated the relationships between greater high-magnitude head impact exposure (110 to 140 g) and longitudinal changes to white matter, with each group showing associations that varied in directionality. Results also revealed that the JVC neck collar group partially preserved longitudinal changes in DTI metrics. Collectively, these data indicate that a JVC neck collar can provide a mechanistic response to the diffusion and anisotropic properties of brain white matter following the highly diverse exposure to repetitive head impacts in American tackle football. Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT# 04068883.

6.
Nanotechnology ; 31(47): 475202, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32886647

RESUMO

This experimental study reveals intriguing thermoelectric effects and devices in epitaxial bismuthene, two-dimensional (2D) bismuth with thickness ⩽30 nm, on Si (111). Bismuthene exhibits interesting anisotropic Seebeck coefficients varying 2-5 times along different crystal orientations, implying the existence of a puckered atomic structure like black phosphorus. An absolute value of Seebeck coefficient up to 237 µV K-1 sets a record for elemental Bi ever measured to the best of our knowledge. Electrical conductivity of bismuthene can reach up to 4.6 × 104 S m-1, which is sensitive to thickness and magnetic field. Along with a desired low thermal conductivity ∼1.97 W m-1 K that is 20% of its bulk form, the first experimental zT value at room temperature for bismuthene was measured ∼10-2, which is much higher than many other VA Xenes and comparable to its bulk compounds. Above results suggest a mixed buckled and puckered Bi atomic structure for epitaxial 2D bismuth on Si (111). Our work paves the way to explore potential applications, such as heat flux sensor, energy converting devices and so on for bismuthene.

7.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 14(9): e0008584, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941447

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has recently emerged as a global threat. Understanding workers' knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding this new infectious disease is crucial to preventing and controlling it. This study aimed to assess KAP regarding COVID-19 during the outbreak among workers in China. The present study was part of a cross-sectional online survey study conducted based on a large labor-intensive factory, which has 180,000 workers from various Chinese provinces, from 2 February 2020 to 7 February 2020. KAP related to COVID-19 were measured by 32 items, each item was measured with an agree/disagree/unclear format, and only correct responses were given 1 point. KAP regarding COVID-19 were measured with 20 items, 6 items and 6 items, respectively. A total of 123,768 valid responses (68.8%) were included in the analysis. Generally, the levels of knowledge (mean: 16.3 out of 20 points), attitudes (mean: 4.5 out of 6 points), and practices (mean: 5.8 out of 6 points) related to COVID-19 were high. Only 36,373 respondents (29.4%) disagreed that gargling with salt water is effective in protecting against COVID-19. Moreover, older respondents had decreased levels of knowledge and practices related to COVID-19 (both P values for the trend <0.001), while better-educated respondents had increased levels of knowledge and practices related to COVID-19 (both P values for the trend <0.001). These results suggest that Chinese workers are highly aware of COVID-19, but health authorities still need to provide correct information on COVID-19 prevention and strengthen health interventions, particularly for older and less-educated workers.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instalações Industriais e de Manufatura , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4487, 2020 09 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32900998

RESUMO

An important aspect of precision medicine is to probe the stability in molecular profiles among healthy individuals over time. Here, we sample a longitudinal wellness cohort with 100 healthy individuals and analyze blood molecular profiles including proteomics, transcriptomics, lipidomics, metabolomics, autoantibodies and immune cell profiling, complemented with gut microbiota composition and routine clinical chemistry. Overall, our results show high variation between individuals across different molecular readouts, while the intra-individual baseline variation is low. The analyses show that each individual has a unique and stable plasma protein profile throughout the study period and that many individuals also show distinct profiles with regards to the other omics datasets, with strong underlying connections between the blood proteome and the clinical chemistry parameters. In conclusion, the results support an individual-based definition of health and show that comprehensive omics profiling in a longitudinal manner is a path forward for precision medicine.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Saudável/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Proteoma/metabolismo , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Envelhecimento Saudável/genética , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Lipidômica , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medicina de Precisão , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteômica , Suécia , Transcriptoma
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21723, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) has become a worldwide epidemic, causing huge loss of life and property. Because of its unique pathological mechanism, diabetes affects the prognosis of patients with COVID-19 in many aspects. At present, there are many controversies about whether angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARB) should be used in the treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus and COVID-19 comorbidities. There is an urgent need to provide evidence for the use of ACEI/ARB through high-quality systematic evaluation and meta-analysis. METHODS: We will search electronic databases including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and Wanfang database using keywords related to COVID-19, diabetes mellitus, ACEI/ARB drugs, and randomized controlled trials . We will manually search gray literature, such as conference proceedings and academic degree dissertations, and trial registries. Two independent reviewers will screen studies, extract data, and evaluate risk of bias. Data analysis will be conducted using the Review Manager software version 5.3.5 and stata 14.0 software for Mac. Statistical heterogeneity will be assessed using a standard chi-square test with a significance level of P < .10. Biases associated with study will be investigated using funnel plots. RESULTS: This study will provide a high-quality synthesis of efficacy and safety of ACEI/ARB drugs in patients with COVID-19 combined with diabetes mellitus, providing evidence for clinical treatment of diabetes mellitus combined with COVID-19. And the results will be published at a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: Our study will draw conclusions on the efficacy and safety of ACEI / ARB drugs in patients with diabetes mellitus complicated with covid-19, so as to provide theoretical guidance for clinical practice of diabetes mellitus with covid-19. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY 202060111.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/farmacologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Diabetes Mellitus , Conduta do Tratamento Medicamentoso/normas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e926669, 2020 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze the risk factors of pressure injury (PI) in critically ill patients with cancer to build a risk prediction model for PI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between January 2018 and December 2019, a total of 486 critically ill patients with cancer were enrolled in the study. Univariate analysis and binary logistic regression analysis were used to explore risk factors. Then, a risk prediction equation was constructed and a receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve analysis model was used for prediction. RESULTS Of the 486 critically ill patients with cancer, 15 patients developed PI. Risk factors found to have a significant impact on PI in critically ill patients with cancer included the APACHE II score (P<0.001), semi-reclining position (P=0.006), humid environment/moist skin (P<0.001), and edema (P<0.001). These 4 independent risk factors were used in the regression equation, and the risk prediction equation was constructed as Z=0.112×APACHE II score +2.549×semi-reclining position +2.757×moist skin +1.795×edema-9.086. From the ROC curve analysis, the area under the curve (AUC) was 0.938, sensitivity was 100.00%, specificity was 83.40%, and Youden index was 0.834. CONCLUSIONS The PI risk prediction model developed in this study has a high predictive value and provides a basis for PI prevention and treatment measures for critically ill patients with cancer.

11.
J Affect Disord ; 277: 495-502, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 has gained intense attention globally. However, little is known about the COVID-19-ralated mental health status among workers. METHODS: The cross-sectional online survey with 123,768 workers was conducted from February 2, 2020 to February 7, 2020 on a mega-size labor-intensive factory in Shenzhen, China. Oral consent was obtained prior to the questionnaire survey. The information collected in the survey included demographic characteristics, psychological symptoms, COVID-19-related information, and demands for psychological education and interventions. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were measured by the Zung's Self-Rating Anxiety Scale and Self-Rating Depression Scale. Logistic regression models were performed to determine the association between related factors and mental health status. RESULTS: The prevalence of anxiety and depression symptoms was 3.4% and 22.8%, respectively. The dominant epidemic-related factors were having confirmed cases in the community (odds ratio [OR], 2.75, 95% CI, 2.37-3.19) and having confirmed friends (OR, 2.44; 95% CI, 1.69-3.52) for the increased risk of anxiety and depression symptoms, respectively. Nevertheless, major traditional risk factors such as general or poor health status and always drinking alcohol were still the dominant factors associated with the increased risk of anxiety and depression symptoms. Overall, 67.3% and 26.8% workers reported desire for psychological education and interventions, respectively. LIMITATIONS: All assessments were self-reported, resulting in a risk of method bias. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show a relatively low prevalence of anxiety symptoms, a relatively high prevalence of depression symptoms, and urgent demand for psychological education and interventions among workers during the COVID-19 outbreak.

12.
EBioMedicine ; 60: 102990, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927274

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although TP53 co-mutation with KRAS/ATM/EGFR/STK11 have been proved to have predictive value for response to immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), not all TP53 mutations are equal in this context. As the main part of TP53 mutant types, Missense and Nonsense alternations in TP53 as independent factors to predict the response to ICIs within Lung Adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients have not yet been reported. METHODS: An integrated analysis based on multiple-dimensional data types including genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic and clinical data from published lung adenocarcinoma data and local database of LUAD taking immune checkpoint inhibitors. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was used to determine potentially relevant gene expression signatures between specific subgroups. Single-sample GSEA (GSVA) is conducted to calculate the score for enrichment of a set of genes regulating DNA damage repair (DDR) pathway. FINDINGS: The TP53-missense-mutation group showed increased PD-L1 (CD274) level and enriched IFN-γ signatures compared with the TP53-wild-type subgroup, but no differences were noted in patients with nonsense-mutant vs wild-type p53. Furthermore, a group of suppressor Immune cells like M2 Macrophage and Neutrophils are found enriched in nonsense group. On the other-side, both TP53 missense and nonsense mutations are associated with elevated TMB and neoantigen levels and contribute equally to DNA damage repair deficiency. The distribution regarding to multi-dimensional factors determining the efficacy of ICIs finally transformed into diverse clinical benefits for LUAD. TP53 missense but not -nonsense Mutants are associated with better clinical benefits taking antiPD-1/1L. However, all such TP53 subgroups responds well to nivolumab (antiPD-L1) plus ipilimumab (antiCTLA-4) therapy. INTERPRETATION: Our study demonstrated that not all TP53 mutations are equal in predicting efficacy in patients with LUAD treated with ICIs. Multi-center data showed that TP53 missense and nonsense mutations were significantly different in terms of associations with PD-L1 expression, IFN-γ signatures and TME composition. Special attention should be paid to potential TP53 mutation heterogeneity when evaluating TP53 status as biomarker for ICIs. FUNDING: The study was supported by Key Lab System Project of Guangdong Science and Technology Department - Guangdong Provincial Key Lab of Translational Medicine in Lung Cancer (Grant No. 2017B030314120, to Yi-Long WU).

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989699

RESUMO

The growth performance and trace metal accumulation of pak choi (Brassica chinensis L.) were investigated to evaluate the ameliorative effect of humic acid on molybdenum (Mo) slag-spiked calcareous soil. Calcareous soil spiked with 5.0% (w/w) slag was amended with humic acid derived from leonardite from 0 to 5.0% (w/w). With increasing application rate, humic acid enhanced the antioxidative capacity of pak choi seedling, as indicated by increases in the activities of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase, and peroxidase) and a decrease in malondialdehyde content; humic acid application also increased total chlorophyll content, leaf area, seedling height, and fresh biomass of pak choi. These stimulation effects started to decrease above 2.5-5.0% application of humic acid. The contents of trace metals (Cu, Mn, Zn, As, Cd, and Pb) in the aboveground part of pak choi seedling generally decreased at low rates (0.5% and 1.0%), and then increased with higher rates (2.5% and 5.0%) of humic acid application. Health risk assessment of trace metals based on target hazard quotient (THQ) suggested that consuming pak choi grown on these soils is safe. Low rate (0.5%) of humic acid reduced the potential health risk, while high rates (2.5% and 5.0%) accumulated trace metals and increased health risk. Humic acid could be added to Mo slag-spiked calcareous soil for the yield and food safety of pak choi, but the overuse of humic acid should be avoided.

14.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 104(21): 9159-9177, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970179

RESUMO

Huperzine A (Hup A) is an important drug for treating Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mainly extracted from the Huperzia serrata (Thunb.) Trevis. (Lycopodiaceae) (HS). Nevertheless, the content of Hup A in HS is very low of 0.007% with growing circle of 8 to 10 years, and the chemical synthesis of Hup A still has some insurmountable limitations in the industrialized production. So, the available resources of Hup A for clinical treatment of AD are scarce. The purpose of this work was to construct a biosynthesis platform based on the endophytic fungi from HS. In this work, five endophytic fungi Mucor racemosus NSH-D, Mucor fragilis NSY-1, Fusarium verticillioides NSH-5, Fusarium oxysporum NSG-1, and Trichoderma harzianum NSW-V were firstly found and isolated from the Chinese folk medicine HS, which were identified according to their morphological characteristics and nuclear ribosomal DNA ITS sequences. The highest efficient fungus could effectively biosynthesize Hup A in a liquid culture of 319.8 ± 0.17 mg/L which were 112 times higher than that of other reported conventional endophytic fungi. Moreover, these fungi with higher hereditary stability could possess the initial expressing ability of Hup A after 40 generations, and the expressed Hup A from these biosynthesis systems has prior physicochemical properties, a better inhibition activity of acetylcholinesterase and a lower cytotoxicity compared with the listed active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) of Hup A. These results provide promising alternative resources for producing Hup A at an industrial scale by biosynthesis, and it may also shed light on millions of AD patients. KEY POINTS: • Five novel endophytic fungi with high stability could highly express prior Hup A Graphical abstract.

16.
BMC Complement Med Ther ; 20(1): 254, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary insomnia (PI) is characterized by difficulties in initiating sleep or maintaining sleep, which lead to many serious diseases. Acupuncture for PI has drawn attention with its effectiveness and safety. However, the operation of choosing acupoints lacks scientific suggestion. Our trial aims to provide reference and scientific basis for the selection of acupoints and to explore its possible mechanism. METHODS: A patient-assessor-blinded, randomized and sham controlled trial was designed to compare the efficacy of 5-weeks acupuncture at a single acupoint, the combination of multi-acupoints, and a sham point. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index and Athens Insomnia Scale questionnaire were used for the primary clinical outcomes, while polysomnography was performed for the secondary clinical outcomes. The resting state functional MRI was employed to detect the cerebral responses to acupuncture. The brain activity in resting state was measured by calculating the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF), which reflected the idiopathic activity level of neurons in the resting state. These results were analyzed by two factorial ANOVA test and post-hoc t-tests. RESULTS: The clinical outcomes suggest that acupuncture could improve clinical symptoms, and the combination of multi-acupoints might lead to a better clinical efficacy. The rs-fMRI results suggested that the brain activity of certain regions was related to the sleep experience, and acupuncture could regulate the activity of these regions. Furthermore, the combination of multi-acupoints could impact more regions which were influenced by the sleep experience. CONCLUSIONS: Acupuncture has been proven to be beneficial for PI patients, and the combination of multi-acupoints might improve its efficacy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial has been registered on the U.S. National Library of Medicine (https://clinicaltrials.gov) ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02448602 . Registered date: 14/04/2015.

17.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(9): 153042, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825930

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) is identified as a critical demethylase involved in various physiological processes. Despite efforts have been made to study the biological functions of FTO in certain cancers, the role of FTO in ovarian cancer is largely unknown. In this study, we sought to investigate the function of FTO on proliferation, apoptosis and autophagy of ovarian cancer cells. METHODS: Quantitative real-time PCR was performed to detect FTO expression in ovarian tumor tissues and ovarian cancer cell lines OVCAR-3, SKOV-3, COC1, HO-8910 and A2780. SKOV-3 cells were constructed with FTO overexpression and A2780 cells were constructed with FTO knockdown. CCK-8 assay was used to examine cell viability and flow cytometry was used to detect cell apoptosis. Activity assay kits were applied to detect caspase-3 and caspase-9 levels. Western blot was performed to measure the expressions of FTO, PCNA, Bax, Bcl-2, LC3, ATG5, P62, p-AKT and AKT. Stable FTO-overexpression SKOV-3 cells or FTO-depletion A2780 cells were injected subcutaneously into male Balb/c-nu mice. Xenografted tumors were assayed by H&E staining. Immunohistochemistry was subjected to measure FTO and Ki67 expressions. RESULTS: FTO was up-regulated in ovarian tumor tissues compared with non-cancerous ovarian tissues. FTO overexpression markedly increased viability and autophagy function, but decreased apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells. In addition, FTO overexpression promoted AKT phosphorylation. In contrast, FTO silence showed the opposite effect. CONCLUSION: FTO accelerated ovarian cancer cell growth by promoting proliferation, inhibiting apoptosis, and activating autophagy.

19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20736, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, absolute or relative deficiency of insulin secretion, and chronic inflammation. Shenqi compound (SC) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula widely used in the treatment of diabetes and diabetic complications. Although many randomized clinical trials have proved that SC can benefit a lot from diabetes and its complications, the systematic evaluation of the effect of SC on diabetic blood glucose control and inflammatory markers has not yet appeared. The purpose of this study is to provide evidence that the therapeutic effect of SC on diabetes and its multiple system complications is related to its control of blood glucose and inflammatory mediators. METHODS: Three English database and 4 Chinese medical databases will be searched from its inception to May 2020. Then 2 methodological trained researchers will screen the qualified articles by reading the title, abstract, and full texts according to an established inclusion and exclusion criteria. The assessment of risk of bias will be conducted by using the Cochrane collaboration's tool. We will conduct meta-analyses for fasting blood glucose, postprandial blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, tumor necrosis factor, C-reactive protein or high-sensitivity C-reactive protein, and other outcomes. The heterogeneity of data will be evaluated by Cochrane X and I tests. Subgroup analysis will also be carried out. We will conduct sensitivity analysis to evaluate the stability of the results, funnel plot analysis, and Egger test to evaluate the publication bias, and assessment for the quality of evidence by the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluate system. RESULTS: The results of our research will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: In this study, we will systematically evaluate the influences of SC on glycemic measures and inflammatory markers of diabetes mellitus. Our research is supposed to provide evidence-based support for clinical practice. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202040179.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos
20.
Zhejiang Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(1): 131-136, 2020 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621412

RESUMO

Stenting for iliac vein stenosis or compression has become a common therapeutic approach in recent years. The antithrombotic therapy after the stent deployment, however, reaches no consensus. Medications strategies and patients' prognoses differ in non-thrombotic, acute thrombotic and chronic thrombotic these three circumstances. Non-thrombotic patients usually possess satisfactory stent patency whatever antithrombotic therapy is used. Anticoagulant is the basic medication for acute thrombotic patients, benefits from additional antiplatelet drug remains to be clarified. In terms of chronic thrombotic patients, their prognoses are unsatisfactory under all antithrombotic therapies. In this review, we outlined the recent progress of antithrombotic therapy after iliac vein stenting, aiming to provide feasible medication plans for each circumstance.


Assuntos
Fibrinolíticos , Veia Ilíaca , Stents , Constrição Patológica/tratamento farmacológico , Constrição Patológica/cirurgia , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Veia Ilíaca/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
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