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1.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(8): 2127-2133, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32506148

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-flagellated, gliding, rod-shaped bacterium, designated C1T was isolated from the coastal sediment of Xiaoshi Island, Weihai, China. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene and the genome sequence of the newly isolated strain revealed that it belonged to the genus Psychroflexus within the family Flavobacteriaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities between strain C1T and the type strains of Psychroflexus members ranged from 91.6 to 94.9%. The AAI, POCP, ANI and dDDH values between strain C1T and Psychroflexus torquis ATCC 700755T were 67.0%, 53.1%, 70.5% and 20.2%, respectively. The DNA G+C content was 34.0 mol%. Strain C1T grows optimally at 28-30 â„ƒ, at pH 7.5-8.0 and with 3.0-5.0% (w/v) NaCl, and its colonies were orange-colored, convex and circular on the MA plate. Positive for hydrolysis of Tween 20 and catalase activities. The dominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6, and the major fatty acids were iso-C17:0 3-OH and iso-C15:0. The polar lipids of strain C1T consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine and three unidentified lipids. On the basis of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data, it is considered that strain C1T represents a novel species within the genus Psychroflexus, for which, the name Psychroflexus maritimus sp. nov., is proposed. The type strain is C1T (= MCCC 1H00415T = KCTC 72796T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/química , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Flavobacteriaceae/isolamento & purificação , Genoma Bacteriano/genética , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Especificidade da Espécie
2.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(5): 3528-3533, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32392121

RESUMO

A Gram-stain-negative, rod-shaped, facultative anaerobic bacterium, designated strain 3539T, was isolated from coastal sediment of Weihai, PR China. Optimal growth occurred at 28 °C, pH 7.5-8.0 and in the presence of 3.0 % (w/v) NaCl. Results of phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain 3539T formed a robust clade with members of the genus Marinicella and was closely related to Marinicella litoralis JCM 16154T, Marinicella sediminis F2T and Marinicella pacifica sw153T with 97.7, 96.2 and 95.4 % sequence similarity, respectively. The average amino acid identity, percentage of conserved proteins, average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization values between strain 3539T and M. litoralis JCM 16154T were 64.9, 68.3, 72.8 and 18.9 %, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content of strain 3539T was 42.0 mol%. The dominant respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8, and the major fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0 and summed feature 3 (C16 : 1 ω7c/C16 : 1 ω6c). The polar lipids of strain 3539T consisted of phosphatidyldimethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, one unidentified aminophospholipid, one unidentified lipid and three unidentified phospholipids. Based on the combination of phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic data, strain 3539T is considered to represent a novel species within the genus Marinicella in he family Alcanivoracaceae, for which the name Marinicella rhabdoformis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the new species is 3539T (=KCTC 72414T=MCCC 1H00388T).


Assuntos
Alcanivoraceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Alcanivoraceae/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfolipídeos/química , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Ubiquinona/química
3.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 70(3): 1617-1622, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228747

RESUMO

A taxonomic study was carried out on strain SH27T, which was isolated from seawater collected around Xiaoshi Island, PR China. Cells of strain SH27T were Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, orange-pigmented and grew at 15-37 °C (optimum, 28 °C), at pH 6.0-8.0 (pH 7.0) and in 1.0-7.0 % (w/v) NaCl (2.0-3.0 %). The isolate was positive for catalase, but negative for nitrate reduction, oxidase, indole production and urease. Carotenoid pigment was produced. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene placed strain SH27T in the genus Dokdonia with the closest relative being Dokdonia donghaensis KCTC 12391T, exhibiting 96.7 % 16S rRNA gene pairwise similarity. The results of genomic comparisons, including average nucleotide identity and digital DNA-DNA hybridization, showed 72.9 and 19.2 % identity to D. donghaensis KCTC 12391T, respectively. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 1 G and iso-C17 : 0 3-OH. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine and two unidentified lipids. Menaquinone-6 was the only respiratory quinone. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 32.9 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic and phylogenetic data, strain SH27T represents a novel species of the genus Dokdonia, for which the name Dokdonia sinensis sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain SH27T (MCCC 1H00358T=CCTCC AB 2018323T=KCTC 62962T).


Assuntos
Flavobacterium/classificação , Filogenia , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , China , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/química , Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Flavobacterium/isolamento & purificação , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Pigmentação , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Análise de Sequência de DNA , Vitamina K 2/análogos & derivados , Vitamina K 2/química , Microbiologia da Água
4.
Arch Microbiol ; 202(6): 1295-1300, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125451

RESUMO

A novel Gram-stain-negative, orange, rod or curved rod, facultatively anaerobic, gliding bacterial strain, designated strain W255T, was isolated from Xiaoshi Island, Weihai, China. The strain W255T grows optimally at a 28 °C, pH 7.5, and 3.0% (w/v) NaCl environment. Its colonies are circular, orange, non-transparent, smooth, and approximately 0.2-0.8 mm in diameter, after being cultured for 72 h on marine agar 2216. Cells of the strain W255T are 0.3-0.8 µm wide and 1.0-4.0 µm long, catalase-positive and oxidase-positive. The major cellular fatty acids are iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, and iso-C15:0 3-OH. The sole respiratory quinone is MK-6. The major polar lipids include phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified amino lipid, one amino glycolipid, and two unidentified lipids (L1 and L2). The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain W255T has the highest similarities with the type strain of the type species of the genus Seonamhaeicola, S. aphaedonensis KCTC 32578T (97.2%), and moderate with 'S. acroporae' KCTC 62713T (96.5%), S. algicola Gy8T (95.4%) and S. marinus B011T (94.5%). The ANI and dDDH values between strain W255T and S. aphaedonensis KCTC 32578T are 86.6% and 31.3%, respectively. The genomic DNA G + C content is 33.5 mol%. On the basis of gene annotation, it was observed that strain W255T have the abilities of nitrate reduction and utilizing various carbon sources, suggesting that this strain might be an important participant in the nitrogen cycle and carbon cycle in the marine environment. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analysis, strain W255T has been considered as a novel species of the genus Seonamhaeicola, for which the name Seonamhaeicola sediminis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is W255T (= MCCC 1H00377T = KCTC 72085T).


Assuntos
Flavobacteriaceae/classificação , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Filogenia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Composição de Bases , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Ácidos Graxos/análise , Flavobacteriaceae/genética , Lipídeos/análise , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/análise , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Água do Mar/microbiologia , Especificidade da Espécie , Vitamina K 2/química
5.
Chin J Traumatol ; 14(2): 79-83, 2011 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21453572

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To create a 3-dimensional finite element model of knee ligaments and to analyse the stress changes of lateral collateral ligament (LCL) with or without displaced movements at different knee flexion conditions. METHODS: A four-major-ligament contained knee specimen from an adult died of skull injury was prepared for CT scanning with the detectable ligament insertion footprints, locations and orientations precisely marked in advance. The CT scanning images were converted to a 3-dimensional model of the knee with the 3-dimensional reconstruction technique and transformed into finite element model by the software of ANSYS. The model was validated using experimental and numerical results obtained by other scientists. The natural stress changes of LCL at five different knee flexion angles (0 degree, 30 degree, 60 degree, 90 degree, 120 degree) and under various motions of anterior-posterior tibial translation, tibial varus rotation and internal-external tibial rotation were measured. RESULTS: The maximum stress reached to 87%-113% versus natural stress in varus motion at early 30 degree of knee flexions. The stress values were smaller than the peak value of natural stress at 0 degree (knee full extension) when knee bending was over 60 degree of flexion in anterior-posterior tibial translation and internal-external rotation. CONCLUSION: LCL is vulnerable to varus motion in almost all knee bending positions and susceptible to anterior-posterior tibial translation or internal-external rotation at early 30 degree of knee flexions.


Assuntos
Ligamentos Colaterais/fisiologia , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/fisiologia , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico
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