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1.
Brain Res ; : 146537, 2019 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672473

RESUMO

Higher visual centers could modulate visually-guided ocular growth, in addition to local mechanisms intrinsic to the eye. There is evidence that such central modulations could be species (even subspecies)-dependent. While the mouse has recently become an important experimental animal in myopia studies, it remains unclear whether and how visual centers modulate refractive development in mice, an issue that was examined in the present study. We found that optic nerve crush (ONC), performed at P18, could modify normal refractive development in the C57BL/6 mouse raised in normal visual environment. Unexpectedly, sham surgery caused a steeper cornea, leading to a modest myopic refractive shift, but did not induce significant changes in ocular axis length. ONC caused corneal flattening and re-calibrated the refractive set-point in a bidirectional manner, causing significant myopic (< -3 D, 54.5%) or hyperopic (> +3 D, 18.2%) shifts in refractive error in most (totally 72.7%) animals, both due to changes in ocular axial length. ONC did not change the density of dopaminergic amacrine cells, but increased retinal levels of dopamine and DOPAC. We conclude that higher visual centers are likely to play a role in fine-tuning of ocular growth, thus modifying refractive development in the C57BL/6 mouse. The changes in refractive error induced by ONC are accounted for by alternations in multiple ocular dimensions, including corneal curvature and axial length.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31633911

RESUMO

A highly efficient and stable electrocatalyst with the novel heterostructure of Co-embedded and N-doped carbon nanotubes supported Mo2C nanoparticles (Mo2C/NCNTs@Co) is creatively constructed by adopting the one-step metal catalyzed carbonization-nitridation strategy. Systematic characterizations and density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal the advanced structural and electronic properties of Mo2C/NCNTs@Co heterostructure, in which the Co-embedded and N-doped CNTs with tunable diameters present electron-donating effect and the work function is correspondingly regulated from 4.91 to 4.52 eV, and the size-controlled Mo2C nanoparticles exhibit Pt-like 4d electronic structure and the well matched work function (4.85 eV) with I-/I3- redox couples (4.90 eV). As a result, the conductive NCNTs@Co substrate with fine-tuned energy level alignment accelerates the electron transportation and the electron migration from NCNTs@Co to Mo2C, and the active Mo2C shows high affinity for I3- adsorption and high charge transfer ability for I3- reduction, which reach a decent synergetic catalytic effect in Mo2C/NCNTs@Co heterostructure. The DSSC with Mo2C/NCNTs@Co CE achieves a high photoelectric conversion efficiency of 8.82% and exceptional electrochemical stability with a residual efficiency of 7.95% after continuous illumination of 200 h, better than Pt-based cell. Moreover, the synergistic catalytic mechanism toward I3- reduction is comprehensively studied on the basis of structure-activity correlation and DFT calculations. The advanced heterostructure engineering and electronic modulation provide a new design principle to develop the efficient, stable, and economic hybrid catalysts in relevant electrocatalytic fields.

3.
J Biosci ; 44(4)2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502570

RESUMO

Radioresistance is a material obstacle for effective treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC). Thus, the discovery of a novel biomarker for determining the CRC radiosensitivity is necessary. Recent studies have confirmed that miR-183-3p regulates cell phenotypes and tumor growth in various cancers. However, the role and mechanism of this micro-ribonucleic acid in CRC radiosensitivity remains unclear. Here, the abundances of miR-183-5p and ATG5 mRNAwere detected by a real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was carried out to explore the correlation between miR-183-5p and patient prognosis. Cell viability was evaluated by the MTT assay. Survival fraction analysis through colony formation was performed to assess the cell radiation response. Bioinformatic, luciferase and western blot assays were employed to verify the targeted interaction between miR-183-5p and ATG5. The results showed that an elevated abundance of miR-183-5p and a reduced ATG5 level in CRC were associated with the poor prognosis. The knockdown of miR-183-5p enhanced the sensitivity of CRC cells to radiation, inflected by the decreased cell viability and survival fraction. Mechanically, ATG5 was targeted by miR-183-5p. The addition of ATG5 conferred the radiosensitivity of the CRC cells, which was revered by miR-183-5p restoration. Furthermore, miR-183-5p knockdown hindered the tumor growth by repressing ATG5 in vivo after radiation treatment. In summary, the output data indicated that miR-183-5p heightened the radiation response of the CRC cells by targeting ATG5, promising a novel therapeutic target for CRC patients with radioresistance.

4.
Exp Eye Res ; 188: 107812, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550445

RESUMO

In this work, we investigated changes in the morphology of intrinsically photosensitive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), M1 subtype, and pupillary light reflex following local and selective ablation of photoreceptors in mice. Laser photocoagulation was used to selectively destroy four patches of photoreceptors per eye at around 4 papillary diameters from the optic disc and at the 3, 6, 9, and 12 o'clock positions between the retinal vessels in the adult mouse retina, leaving cells in the inner retina intact. Morphological parameters of individual M1 cells specifically labeled by the antibody against melanopsin (PA1-780), including dendritic field size, total dendritic length, and dendritic branch number, were examined 1, 2, 4, and 8 weeks after photocoagulation with Neurolucida software. A considerable reduction in these parameters in M1 cells in the "lesioned areas" was found at all the four time points after photocoagulation, as compared with those in the "unlesioned areas". Although M1 cells in the lesioned areas showed significant changes as early as 1 week after laser treatment and the changes gradually increased, reaching a peak value at 2 weeks, morphological restoration was clearly seen in these cells over time. However, no difference in the morphological parameters of M1 cells was observed between the unlesioned areas of laser-treated mice and the corresponding areas of age-matched normal mice without laser lesions. Fluorescence intensity of the somata of melanopsin-positive M1 cells located inside the lesioned areas was significantly decreased at all the four time points after photocoagulation, whereas no changes in pupillary light reflex were detected at different light irradiations, indicating that photocoagulation-induced local photoreceptor loss and alterations of ipRGCs may be insufficient to cause abnormalities in non-image-forming (NIF) visual functions. The results suggest that intact photoreceptors could be crucial for maintaining the expression levels of melanopsin and normal morphology of M1 cells.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 76: 105883, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536905

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulse methylprednisolone (MP) was routinely used before commencing standard immunosuppressive therapy for induction of remission in patients with dialysis-dependent anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) in spite of the paucity of evidence of benefit. The aim of this study was thus to determine whether the addition of pulse MP to standard induction immunosuppressive therapy in severe myeloperoxidase (MPO) -AAV patients who were on dialysis at onset is associated with an improvement in kidney recovery and patient survival. Furthermore, we analyzed the factors associated with restoration of kidney function and mortality in a single Chinese cohort. METHODS: 69 MPO-AAV patients who were on dialysis at the time of diagnosis were included in this study. The MP group (n = 30) received pulse MP (5-10 mg/kg/day) for 3 days before the standard immunosuppressive therapy. The Non-MP group (n = 39) had no MP pulses. The outcomes and adverse events between the two groups were compared. In addition, the predictive value of the clinical and histological parameters for kidney and patient survival was assessed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis. RESULT: There was no difference in patient survival, kidney recovery and the rates of adverse events between the two groups. A higher Birmingham Vasculitis Activity Score (BVAS) was shown to be a negative prognostic factor for kidney function restoration (p = 0.046, OR 0.811, 95% CI 0.660-0.997). BVAS was also demonstrated to be an independent predictor for both all-cause death (p = 0.007, OR 1.324, 95% CI 1.079-1.624) and therapy-related death (p = 0.003, OR 1.574, 95% CI 1.171-2.115). Patients' eGFR at the presentation of the disease was shown to be an independent predictor for therapy-related death (p = 0.027, OR 2.535, 95% CI 1.112-5.779). CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective study of MPO-AAV patients who required dialysis at presentation in a single Chinese center suggests that the addition of pulse MP to standard immunosuppressive induction therapy for remission appears to confer no benefit in terms of improving patient outcomes. Further research is required to determine the role of pulse MP in severe MPO-AAV.

6.
Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi ; 36(4): 677-683, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441271

RESUMO

With the development of image-guided surgery and radiotherapy, the demand for medical image registration is stronger and the challenge is greater. In recent years, deep learning, especially deep convolution neural networks, has made excellent achievements in medical image processing, and its research in registration has developed rapidly. In this paper, the research progress of medical image registration based on deep learning at home and abroad is reviewed according to the category of technical methods, which include similarity measurement with an iterative optimization strategy, direct estimation of transform parameters, etc. Then, the challenge of deep learning in medical image registration is analyzed, and the possible solutions and open research are proposed.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Redes Neurais (Computação) , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Pesquisa
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cervical aortic arch (CAA) is rare and difficult to repair. Clinical experience is limited. We report the surgical techniques and midterm outcomes in 35 patients with CAA based on an alternative classification scheme. METHODS: Of 35 patients with CAA, 30 (85.7%) had left-sided aortic arch and 5 had (14.3%) right-sided aortic arch (all 5 had a vascular ring). Mean age was 34.2 ± 13.1 years, 23 were female (65.7%), and 18 were asymptomatic (51.4%). Surgical access and procedure were chosen according to an alternative classification scheme that is based on the presence or absence of vascular ring and relationship of descending aorta to the side of the aortic arch. In the left-sided aortic arch group, aortic arch reconstruction though median sternotomy was performed in 15 patients, and distal arch and descending thoracic aortic replacement via left thoracotomy in 15 patients. In the right-sided aortic arch group, ascending-to-descending aortic bypass was done via median sternotomy in 2 patients and right thoracotomy in 1, and distal arch and descending thoracic aortic replacement via right thoracotomy in 2 patients. RESULTS: Neither death nor spinal cord injury occurred. Left recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, prolonged ventilation, and reexploration for bleeding occurred in 1 each. In 11 patients with coarctation, the upper-lower limb gradient decreased significantly postoperatively (from 34.0 ± 12.7 to 10.2 ± 2.7 mm Hg; P < .01). The diseased aortic segment was excluded in 34 patients, except 1 with residual aneurysm in the proximal descending thoracic aorta. Follow-up was complete in 100% at mean 4.4 ± 2.0 years. No late death, limb ischemia, or stroke occurred. Endovascular repair was performed in 1 patient, and ascending aortic dilation occurred in 1 patient. The residual aorta remained nondilated in 33 patients. Aortic grafts were patent in 100%, with no anastomotic leak or pseudoaneurysm. At 6 years, the incidences of death, aortic events, and event-free survival were 0%, 6.5%, and 93.5%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Open repair of CAA can achieve favorable early and midterm outcomes. Surgical accesses and procedures should be chosen based on type of CAA, anatomic variations and associated anomalies. Our alternative categorization scheme of CAA is intuitive and comprehensive, which may facilitate classification and surgical decision making.

8.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(31): 27823-27832, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305986

RESUMO

Earth-abundant, highly active, and durable electrocatalysts toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in the all-pH range are highly required for practical application of electrochemical energy conversion technologies. Here, non-noble-metal graphene-like carbon nanosheets with trapped Fe species (Fe-N/GPC) are developed by an iron-salt thermally emitted strategy, which integrates the modulation of the electronic structure for boosted intrinsic activity with the engineering of hierarchical porosity for enriched active sites. The ORR electrocatalytic performance of Fe-N/GPC-800 achieves the half-wave potentials of 0.86 and 0.77 V with limiting current densities of 6.1 and 4.7 mA cm-2 in 0.1 M KOH and 0.1 M PBS solutions, respectively, as well as respectable stability. Furthermore, Fe-N/GPC-800 also shows considerable ORR catalytic activity in acid media accompanied by stability superior to those of Pt/C catalysts. The as-prepared Fe-N/GPC-800, as a cathodic catalyst, is assessed in a Zn-air battery test and delivers an open-circuit voltage of 1.44 V with a power density of 134 mW cm-2 as well as the outstanding durability after 350 cycles at 10 mA cm-2, demonstrating appreciable promise in application of metal-air batteries. This work provides an enabling and versatile strategy for facile and scale-up preparation of high-performance non-noble-metal electrocatalysts.

9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3392, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358739

RESUMO

Autoreactivity to myeloperoxidase (MPO) causes anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV), with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. Here, we show that a Staphylococcus aureus peptide, homologous to an immunodominant MPO T-cell epitope (MPO409-428), can induce anti-MPO autoimmunity. The peptide (6PGD391-410) is part of a plasmid-encoded 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase found in some S. aureus strains. It induces anti-MPO T-cell autoimmunity and MPO-ANCA in mice, whereas related sequences do not. Mice immunized with 6PGD391-410, or with S. aureus containing a plasmid expressing 6PGD391-410, develop glomerulonephritis when MPO is deposited in glomeruli. The peptide induces anti-MPO autoreactivity in the context of three MHC class II allomorphs. Furthermore, we show that 6PGD391-410 is immunogenic in humans, as healthy human and AAV patient sera contain anti-6PGD and anti-6PGD391-410 antibodies. Therefore, our results support the idea that bacterial plasmids might have a function in autoimmune disease.

10.
Inflamm Res ; 68(9): 727-738, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31172209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction and pyroptosis play an important role during chronic kidney disease (CKD) progression. Neferine, which is an alkaloid ingredient from the lotus seed embryo, has many biological actions such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer and antioxidant. However, the role of neferine in endothelial cell pyroptosis and the involved mechanism remain obscure. The aim is to probe the protective effects of neferine on cell pyroptosis and the involved underlying mechanism. METHODS: After the HUVECs were primed with neferine treatment for 2 h prior to LPS and ATP exposure for 24 h, the cell proliferation was determined by BrdU; the cell LDH release was detected by LDH kits; the levels of intracellular ROS, MDA and SOD were tested by detection kits; Caspase-1 activity kit was used to determine caspase-1 activity; the contents of NLRP3, ASC, caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-18 and GSDMD were tested by RT-PCR and western blot. RESULTS: We found that neferine could inhibit LPS-ATP-induced oxidative stress and the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome signaling, and increased the endothelial cell viability and SOD production. siRNA which mediated the knockdown of NLRP3 promoted the neferine-induced inhibition effects of cell pyroptosis. Furthermore, these neferine-induced effects were reversed by the over-expression of NLRP3. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicated neferine may reduce ROS by anti-oxidation and inhibit LPS-ATP-induced endothelial cell pyroptosis via blocking ROS/NLRP3/Caspase-1 signaling pathway, which provides the evidence for therapeutic effect in CKD.

11.
Clin Lab ; 65(6)2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232025

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic and prognostic role of Th-1 chemokine receptor and Th-2 chemokine receptor in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia has not been investigated extensively so far. In this study, our goal is to explore the diagnostic and prognostic role of C-C chemokine receptor 3 (CCR3) and C-C chemokine receptor 5 (CCR5) in patients with primary immune thrombocytopenia. METHODS: The expression levels of CCR3 and CCR5 were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of pa-tients with primary immune thrombocytopenia and healthy subjects. The relationship between the expression levels of CCR3 and CCR5 and clinicopathological characteristics was analyzed. The diagnostic accuracy of CCR3 and CCR5 as biomarkers to discriminate primary immune thrombocytopenia patients from healthy subjects was determined. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were performed to determine the prognosis value of CCR3 and CCR5 in primary immune thrombocytopenia. The outcome of primary immune thrombocytopenia patients was also evaluated. RESULTS: Compared to healthy subjects, the expression level of CCR3 was significantly downregulated and CCR5 was significantly upregulated (p < 0.05). The expression levels of CCR3 and CCR5 were significantly correlated with bleeding times and platelet counts at diagnosis (p < 0.05). CCR3 and CCR5 could act as a suitable biomarker for differentiating the primary immune thrombocytopenia patients from healthy subjects. CCR3 and CCR5 were independent prognostic factors. Overexpression of CCR5 and low expression of CCR3 lead to poor clinical benefits and indicated poor prognosis of primary immune thrombocytopenia. CONCLUSIONS: To summarize, our results suggested that CCR3 and CCR5 could act as suitable biomarkers and indicated poor prognosis of primary immune thrombocytopenia.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134161

RESUMO

Respiratory viral infections can directly lead to kidney damage such as IgA nephropathy (IgAN), partly due to mucosal immune system dysfunction. Although the activated C5a-C5aR1 axis results in increased Th1 and Th17 frequencies but reduced Treg frequencies in Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection, how this axis affects Th cell disorders in RSV-induced IgAN exacerbation remains unknown. Here, we used a mouse model to dissect the activation of C5a-C5aR1 by RSV and the consequences on the regulation of Th1, Th17, and Treg immune responses in IgA nephropathy. RSV fusion protein was clearly deposited not only in the pulmonary interstitium but also in the glomerulus in RSV-IgAN mice, and RSV infection led to more severe pathological changes in the kidneys in IgAN mice. Blocking the C5a-C5aR1 axis resulted in a decrease in the albumin-to-creatinine ratio, and the attenuation of kidney damage in IgAN and RSV-IgAN mice might be partly attributed to the inhibition of Th cell and cytokine dysfunction. Th1, Th17 and Treg immune responses and their corelative cytokines were disrupted by RSV infection and rescued by C5aR1 inhibition. Moreover, we constructed a coculture system of human mesangial cells and CD4+ T cells and found that RSV infection might lead to CD4+ T cell production via human mesangial cells-enhanced CD4+ T cell proliferation, consequently increasing IL-17 levels. These pathological behaviors were augmented by C5a stimulation and decreased by C5aR1 inhibition. Thus, C5aR1 inhibition alters both kidney damage and Th1, Th17, and Treg cell dysfunction in RSV-induced IgAN exacerbation and locally regulates HMC antigen presentation function in the kidney. Taken together, our data offer profound evidence that blocking the C5a-C5aR1 axis might be a potential therapy for RSV-induced IgAN.

13.
Org Lett ; 21(11): 4072-4076, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117703

RESUMO

Determining the configuration of proton-deficient molecules is challenging using conventional NMR methods including nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) and the proton-dependent J-based configuration analysis (JBCA). The problem is exacerbated when only one stereoisomer is available. Alternative methods based on the utilization of 13C NMR chemical shifts, 13C-13C homonuclear couplings measured at natural abundance, and residual chemical shift anisotropy measurements in conjunction with density functional theory calculations are illustrated with a proton-deficient model compound.

14.
Org Lett ; 21(11): 4210-4214, 2019 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31117712

RESUMO

Synthetic diazeniumdiolate (DAZD)-based nitric oxide is utilized to modulate the nitric oxide (NO) concentration in cellular environments and to control physiological processes, yet chemists are still struggling to find efficient and scalable methodologies that will enable them to access sufficient quantities of the high-energy diazeniumdiolate intermediates for biological studies. Now, a general, scalable, safer, and high-yielding new methodology adaptable to the large-scale synthesis of DAZDs has been developed.

15.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(5): 1644-1656, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995300

RESUMO

Purpose: We investigate morphologic and physiologic alterations of ganglion cells (GCs) in a streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mouse model. Methods: Experiments were conducted in flat-mount retinas of mice 3 months after the induction of diabetes. Changes in morphology of four subtypes of GCs (ON-type RGA2 [ON-RGA2], OFF-type RGA2 [OFF-RGA2], ON-type RGC1 [ON-RGC1], and ON-OFF type RGD2 [ON-OFF RGD2]) were characterized in Thy1-YFP transgenic mice. Using whole-cell patch-clamp recording, passive membrane properties and action potential (AP) firing properties were further investigated in transient ON- and OFF-RGA2 cells. Results: Morphologic parameters were significantly altered in the dendrites branching in the ON sublamina of the inner plexiform layer (IPL) for ON-RGA2 cells and ON-OFF RGD2 cells. Much less significant changes, if any, were seen in those arborizing in the OFF sublamina of the IPL for OFF-RGA2 and ON-OFF RGD2 cells. No detectable changes in morphology were seen in RGC1 cells. Electrophysiologically, increased resting membrane potentials and decreased membrane capacitance were found in transient ON-RGA2 cells, but not in transient OFF-RGA2 cells. Similar alterations in AP firing properties, such as an increase in AP width and reduction in maximum spiking rate, were shared by these two subtypes. Furthermore, in response to depolarizing current injections, both cells generated more APs suggesting an enhanced excitability of these cells in diabetic conditions. Conclusions: These differential changes in morphology and electrophysiology in subtypes of GCs may be responsible for reduced contrast sensitivity known to occur during the early stage of diabetic retinopathy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Retinopatia Diabética/patologia , Células Ganglionares da Retina/patologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Retinopatia Diabética/sangue , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Masculino , Potenciais da Membrana , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Técnicas de Patch-Clamp , Estimulação Luminosa , Estreptozocina
16.
Langmuir ; 35(19): 6321-6332, 2019 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31009568

RESUMO

A new strategy has been innovatively proposed for wrapping the Ni-incorporated and N-doped carbon nanotube arrays (Ni-NCNTs) on porous Si with robust Ni-Si interfacial bonding to form the core-shell-structured NCNTs-Ni2Si@Si. The hierarchical porous silicon core was first fabricated via a novel self-templating synthesis route based on two crucial strategies: in situ thermal evaporation of crystal water from the perlite for producing porous SiO2 and subsequent magnesiothermic reduction of porous SiO2 into porous Si. Ni-NCNTs were subsequently constructed based on the Ni-catalyzed tip-growth mechanism and were further engineered to fully wrap the porous Si microparticles by forming the Ni2Si alloy at the heterojunction interface. When the prepared NCNTs-Ni2Si@Si was evaluated as the anode material for Li-ion batteries, the hierarchical porous system in the Si core and the rich void spaces in carbon nanotube arrays contributed to the remarkable accommodation of volume expansion of Si as well as the significant increase of Li+ diffusion and Si utilization. Moreover, the Ni2Si alloy, which chemically linked the Ni-NCNTs and porous Si, not only provided good electronic contact between the Si core and carbon shell but also effectively prevented the CNTs' detachment from the Si core during cycling. The multifunctional structural design rendered the whole electrode highly stable and active in Li storage, and the electrochemically active NCNTs-Ni2Si@Si electrode delivered a high reversible capacity of 1547 mAh g-1 and excellent cycling stability (85% capacity retention after 600 discharge-charge cycles) at a current density of 358 mA g-1 (0.1 C) as well as good rate performance (778 mAh g-1 at 2 C), showing great potential as an efficient and stable anode for high energy density Li-ion batteries.

17.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 46, 2019 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30849987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteosarcoma is the most common bone tumor that occurs in children. METHODS: To identify co-expression modules and pathways correlated with osteosarcoma and its clinical characteristics, we performed weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) on RNA-seq data of osteosarcoma with 52 samples. Then we performed pathway enrichment analysis on genes from significant modules. RESULTS: A total of 5471 genes were included in WGCNA, and 16 modules were identified. Module-trait analysis identified that a module involved in microtubule bundle formation, drug metabolism-cytochrome P450, and IL-17 signaling pathway was negatively correlated with osteosarcoma and positively correlated with metastasis; a module involved in DNA replication was positively correlated with osteosarcoma; a module involved in cell junction was positively correlated with metastasis; and a module involved in heparin binding negatively correlated with osteosarcoma. Moreover, expression levels in four of the top ten differentially expressed genes were validated in another independent dataset. CONCLUSIONS: Our analysis might provide insight for molecular mechanisms of osteosarcoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/secundário , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Metástase Neoplásica , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Prognóstico
18.
Methods Appl Fluoresc ; 7(3): 035001, 2019 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893652

RESUMO

The carbon dots (CDs) was prepared by a facile hydrothermal treatment of citric acid and glycine at 180 °C. The CDs at around 3.2 nm was collected after filtration and dialysis. The sample displayed green fluorescence (G-CDs) with a quantum yield of 3.7% in high concentration and the strongest emission peak was at 545 nm under the excitation wavelength of 480 nm; the blue fluorescence CDs (B-CDs) with a quantum yield of 29.8% was obtained after diluted either in solution or in powder, the strongest emission peak was located at 475 nm under the excitation wavelength of 380 nm. The G-CDs possessed a high selectivity to Fe3+, which was in a linear range of 0-3.5 µM with the detection limit of 0.21 µM. The CDs powder with blue fluorescence at a relative low content was obtained and adaptable for the fingerprint detection on substrates of litmus paper, resin tabletop, glass, and orange plastic ruler.

19.
BMJ Open ; 9(2): e025725, 2019 02 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30796128

RESUMO

AIMS: To investigate the prevalence, ethnic differences and associated risk factors for pterygium in Han and Manchu populations aged 40-79 years in Hebei province, China. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, as a part of the China National Health Survey. SETTING: Hebei province, China. PARTICIPANTS: A multistage cluster sampling method with urbanisation level-based stratification was used to select participants for this study. A total of 4591 individuals over 40 years were recruited for this study. Inclusive criteria: (1) residents who had been living in Hebei for more than 1 year; (2) Han individuals with both parents being Han, or Manchu individuals with both parents being Manchu; (3) underwent ophthalmic examinations and (4) information in the questionnaire was complete. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between pterygium prevalence and factors of interest. RESULTS: A total of 3790 individuals (2351 Hans and 1439 Manchus) met the study criteria, of which 248 were diagnosed with pterygium (6.5%). There was no significant difference between the prevalence rates in Hans (6.2%) and Manchus (7.2%) (p=0.232). Multivariate analysis revealed that the risk factors for grade 2 or higher pterygium were increasing age (p<0.001) and rural residence (OR 1.83; 95% CI 1.11 to 3.02; p=0.018), while the protective factors include gender (female) (OR 0.58; 95% CI 0.37 to 0.88; p=0.011), cigarette smoking (OR 0.53; 95% CI 0.34 to 0.83; p=0.005) and myopia (OR 0.50; 95% CI 0.33 to 0.77; p=0.002). Premature menopause (OR 2.66; 95% CI 1.05 to 6.72; p=0.038) increased the risk of grade 2 or higher pterygium in females, while higher high-density lipoprotein (HDL) (OR 1.94; 95% CI 1.08 to 3.47; p=0.027) was a risk factor of grade 2 or higher pterygium in males. CONCLUSION: The overall prevalence of pterygium in Han and Manchu population in Hebei, China was approximately 6.1%. There were no differences in the prevalence of pterygium between Hans and Manchus, and the race was not a risk factor. This is the first study to report on the positive association between premature menopause and pterygium in females and between higher HDL levels and pterygium in males.

20.
Mol Med Rep ; 19(4): 2729-2739, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30720085

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common primary bone malignancy. It predominantly occurs in adolescents, but can develop at any age. The age at diagnosis is a prognostic factor of OS, but the molecular basis of this remains unknown. The current study aimed to identify age­induced differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and potential molecular mechanisms that contribute to the different outcomes of patients with OS. Microarray data (GSE39058 and GSE39040) obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database and used to analyze age­induced DEGs to reveal molecular mechanism of OS among different age groups (<20 and >20 years old). Differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs) were divided into up and downregulated DEMs (according to the expression fold change), then Gene Ontology function enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis were performed. Furthermore, the interactions among proteins encoded by DEMs were integrated with prediction for microRNA­mRNA interactions to construct a regulatory network. The key subnetwork was extracted and Kaplan­Meier survival analysis for a key microRNA was performed. DEMs within the subnetwork were predominantly involved in 'ubiquitin protein ligase binding', 'response to growth factor', 'regulation of type I interferon production', 'response to decreased oxygen levels', 'voltage­gated potassium channel complex', 'synapse part', 'regulation of stem cell proliferation'. In summary, integrated bioinformatics was applied to analyze the potential molecular mechanisms leading to different outcomes of patients with OS among different age groups. The hub genes within the key subnetwork may have crucial roles in the different outcomes associated with age and require further analysis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/genética , Neoplasias Ósseas/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Osteossarcoma/genética , Osteossarcoma/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Ósseas/mortalidade , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Osteossarcoma/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
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