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1.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36098177

RESUMO

This work demonstrates for the first time that a photochromic metal organic framework (pMOF) can be employed as a promising class of NIR-II photothermal material based on the photoinduced donor-acceptor intermolecular charge transfer process. After further surface-modification, such UV-activated pMOF-a nanoparticles allow the strong inhibition of 4T1 cancer cells under 1064 nm laser irradiation.

2.
Int J Gen Med ; 15: 7249-7264, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124104

RESUMO

Background: Post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) is one of the most common complications after stroke. In recent years, as a complementary alternative therapy, many systematic reviews (SRs) and meta-analysis (MAs) have reported the efficacy and safety of acupuncture in improving cognitive function in patients with PSCI, but the quality of evidence is unknown and therefore needs to be evaluated comprehensively. Aim: We aimed to evaluate the SRs of acupuncture for patients with PSCI, to summarize the evidence quality of SRs to provide scientific evidence. Methods: We searched for relevant SRs and MAs in seven databases up to March 22, 2022. Two reviewers independently completed literature retrieval, screening, and data extraction. We used A Measurement Tool to Assess Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR 2) to evaluate the methodological quality; the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) tool to determine the strength of evidence; and the ROBIS tool to assess RoB. Results: We identified 14 SRs. The methodological quality of all SRs was low (2/14) or very low (12/14). GRADE results showed 13 were moderate quality (26%), 5 were low quality (10%), and 32 were very-low quality (64%). RoB showed that one SR had a low risk and 13 had a high risk. Moderate quality results showed that combined acupuncture therapy was superior to western medicine or cognitive rehabilitation training in improving cognitive function, the total response rate, and the daily living ability of patients with PSCI. Conclusion: Based on the evidence, acupuncture appears to be effective and safe in improving cognitive function for patients with PSCI, but the overall quality of SRs is not high. High-quality randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture on the cognitive function of patients with PSCI. Systematic Review Registration: PROSPERO CRD42022315441.

3.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 883729, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36034818

RESUMO

Background: At present, a number of systematic reviews (SRs) on Xuebijing injection (a patent in China) in the treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP) or severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) have been published. However, the quality of evidence is uneven and has not been comprehensively evaluated. Aim: We evaluated the efficacy of Xuebijing injection for AP/SAP through an overview of SR, and to provide a scientific basis for its effectiveness and safety. Methods: We searched Cochrane Library, Embase, PubMed, SinoMed, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP comprehensively. The retrieval period from inception to 30 November 2021, and the two reviewers independently complete the literature retrieval, data extraction and evaluation. The Assessing the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews 2 (AMSTAR-2) and the Preferred Reporting Item for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) were used to evaluate the methodological quality and reporting quality of the SRs, respectively. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) tool was used to evaluate the quality grading of outcomes and the risk of bias in SRs was evaluated by ROBIS Tool. Finally, the RCTs involved in SRs were synthesized. Stata15.1 was used for quantitative analysis of total effectiveness rate, time until relief of abdominal pain, time until relief of abdominal distension, and serum amylase level. Results: Nine eligible SRs were included, including 92 RCTs and 6,837 participants. The quality of SRs was relatively good, and the manuscript structures were relatively complete. However, the methodological quality of SRs was low or critically low. RoB rated 5 SRs as low risk of bias and 4 SRs as high risk of bias. In GRADE, a total of 47 results were included in the 9 SRs, of which 5 results (10.64%) were moderate quality, 22 results (46.81%) were low quality, and 20 results (42.55%) were very low quality. The results of data synthesis showed that Xuebijing injection combined treatment increased the total effectiveness rate of AP patients (RR = 1.19, 95% CI 1.17-1.23, p < 0.0001), and there was no heterogeneity between studies (I2 = 0.0%, p = 0.589). Compared with the control group, Xuebijing injection group shortened the abdominal pain and distension relief time in AP patients (WMD = -1.69, 95% CI -1.88--1.50, p < 0.0001; WMD = -1.48, 95% CI -1.74--1.23, p < 0.0001), with high heterogeneity (I2 = 84.3%, p = 0.000; I2 = 72.2%, p = 0.000). Serum amylase level was also reduced (WMD = -2.06, 95% CI -2.47--1.64, p < 0.0001), with significant heterogeneity (I2 = 71.6%, p = 0.000). A total of one SR reported adverse drug reaction (ADR), no ADRs were observed in the control group. Conclusion: Although the quality of the evidence is not high, it can still reflect the clinical value of Xuebijing injection as an analgesic and anti-inflammatory traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of AP/SAP. Therefore, future clinical studies should focus on the long-term efficacy and adverse reactions of drugs. Systematic Review Registration: (website), identifier (registration number).

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35881501

RESUMO

60Co gamma-ray irradiation-induced antigenicity changes in ovalbumin (OVA) were investigated, and the molecular mechanism was analyzed. Irradiation treatment at 0-100 kGy could significantly enhance the IgG/IgE binding ability of OVA in a dose-dependent paradigm by concomitant oxidative modification, which exhibited color browning and an increase in carbonyl content caused by high-penetrable rays. More allergenic epitopes of OVA were exposed after irradiation treatment reflected by structural changes including the unfolding of tertiary structure, the conversion of α-helix structures to ß-sheet and random coil structures, and the cleavage of several peptide bonds. Meanwhile, three oxidation sites of K46, T49, and N260 located in key linear epitopes were observed, which might increase the allergenic ability of OVA via the disaggregation of noncovalent bonds and the unwinding of α-helix structures. Conclusively, irradiation may enhance the potential allergenicity of OVA by oxidative modification, which provides theoretical guidance for effectively controlling the oxidation of proteins in the irradiation process.

5.
Metabolites ; 12(8)2022 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35893258

RESUMO

Coconut is a tropical fruit whose flesh has high flavor quality and nutritional value; however, the differences between coconut varieties are still unclear. Here, volatiles and non-volatiles were profiled at three ripening stages by HS-SPME/GC-MS and UHPLC-MS/MS in two coconut varieties (Hainan Tall, HT and Green Dwarf, GD). Four metabolite classes of volatiles were associated with good aroma including hydrocarbons, benzenoids, alcohols and esters, and these volatiles were generally higher in GD, especially at 7 and 9 months of coconut growth. Pathway-based metabolomics revealed that flavonols and their derivatives were significantly enriched in HT, and some of these metabolites were key determinants of HT flesh bitterness, including kaempferol 7-O-glucoside, a known bitter metabolite. Despite the overall accumulation of amino acids, including L-alanine, L-serine and L-methionine in GD, comparative metabolomics revealed that HT flesh provides a higher content of vitamins than GD. This study sheds light on the metabolic pathways and key metabolites differentiating the flesh flavor quality and nutritional value among coconut varieties, and reveals the possible mechanisms of flavor formation and regulation in coconut fruits.

7.
J Med Chem ; 65(12): 8416-8443, 2022 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35675209

RESUMO

Several epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) proteolysis-targeting chimeras (PROTACs), including MS39 and MS154 developed by us, have been reported to effectively degrade the mutant but not the wild-type (WT) EGFR. However, the mechanism underlying the selectivity in degrading the mutant over the WT EGFR has not been elucidated. Here, we report comprehensive structure-activity relationship studies that led to the discovery of two novel EGFR degraders, 31 (MS9449) and 72 (MS9427), and mechanistic studies of these EGFR degraders. Compounds 31 and 72 selectively degraded the mutant but not the WT EGFR through both ubiquitination/proteasome and autophagy/lysosome pathways. Interestingly, we found that the mutant but not the WT EGFR can effectively form EGFR-PROTAC-E3 ligase ternary complexes. Furthermore, we found that PI3K inhibition sensitized WT EGFR to PROTAC-induced degradation and combination treatment with a PI3K inhibitor enhanced antiproliferation activities of EGFR degraders in cancer cells harboring WT EGFR, providing a potential therapeutic strategy for patients with WT EGFR overexpression.


Assuntos
Quimera , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Quimera/metabolismo , Família de Proteínas EGF/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteólise , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
8.
Front Psychiatry ; 13: 860758, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35573325

RESUMO

Background: As a serious public health problem, dementia has placed a heavy burden on society and families. Evidence suggests that the use of music therapy as a non-pharmacological intervention has certain advantages with respect to reducing the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and improving the cognition and mental status of dementia patients. However, research trends and hotspots regarding music therapy intervention for dementia analysis have not been systematically studied via bibliometric analysis. Methods: We searched the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC) for texts published between January 1, 2010, and October 31, 2021, and visualized country, institution, journal, keyword co-occurrence, keyword emergence and keyword clustering. Results: A total of 217 articles from the WoSCC database were analyzed. In this research field, the annual number of publications has generally shown a slowly increasing trend, and the United States has the most publications and the most frequent cooperation among countries. University College London (UCL) has the most extensive influence among research institutions. Among articles, those published in the JOURNAL OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE were the most numerous, with 20 such articles being published, accounting for 9.22% (20/217) of the total. Comprehensive analysis of five clusters via biclustering shows that the research hotspots in this field during the past 11 years have mainly focused on the autobiographical memory, cognitive function, mental state and BPSD of dementia patients. Conclusion: This study conducted a bibliometric and visual analysis of relevant studies concerning music therapy intervention for dementia patients. Psychological problems faced by dementia patients and the topics of quality of life, individualized music therapy, the mental state of caregivers and other related topics may be important research directions in the future. Therefore, the question of how to develop standardized research protocols and identify unified efficacy evaluation indicators should be a focus of and difficulty for future research.

9.
J Oncol ; 2022: 9556589, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35602297

RESUMO

Objective: To probe into the early diagnosis value of transfer coefficient (K trans) and rate constant (K ep) of the dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) hemodynamic parameters in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: Fifty patients with HCC diagnosed in our hospital from May 2017 to May 2020 were studied retrospectively as the patient group (PG), and 45 cases with benign liver nodules diagnosed in our hospital during the same period were collected as the control group (CG). K trans, K ep, and AFP levels were compared between PG and CG. The diagnostic value of K trans and K ep in HCC were observed, and their correlations with patient clinical data were analyzed. The diagnostic value of K trans and K ep combined with AFP in clinical staging, differentiation degree, and distant metastasis was compared. Results: K trans, K ep, and AFP were notably higher in cases than in controls (P < 0.05), indicating their high diagnostic value in HCC. K trans and K ep present elevated expression in HCC patients with clinical stage III-IV, low differentiation, and distant metastasis (P < 0.05). Furthermore, it is found that the combined detection with either K trans or K ep can improve the clinical diagnostic value of AFP in the clinical stage and differentiation of HCC. However, the combined diagnosis showed little effect in raising the sensitivity of AFP in distant metastasis. Conclusion: DCE-MRI hemodynamic parameters K trans and K ep have high clinical value in early diagnosis and differentiation of HCC patients.

10.
Respir Res ; 23(1): 117, 2022 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35525930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of bilateral balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) as compared with unilateral BPA for patients with inoperable chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). METHOD: We reviewed 210 consecutive BPA sessions for 92 CTEPH patients, including 124 unilateral BPA sessions and 86 bilateral BPA sessions. Radiation exposure, operation details, lesions characteristics and the occurrence of complications were compared between unilateral BPA and bilateral BPA. 131 BPA sessions with a hemodynamics follow-up were included for efficacy analysis, in which hemodynamics changes were compared. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with the occurrence of complications. RESULT: Bilateral BPA treated more lobes, arteries and lesions [3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (1, 3) lobes, p < 0.001; 8 (5.5, 10) vs. 6 (4, 8) vessels, p = 0.003; 9 (7, 12) vs. 8 (5, 10) lesions, p = 0.01] in one single session than unilateral BPA in a comparable operation duration and amount of contrast media given. Overall, the occurrence of complications was similar between bilateral BPA and unilateral BPA [9 (10.5%) vs. 12 (9.7%), p = 0.83]. Hemodynamics effects didn't differ significantly between bilateral BPA and unilateral BPA in a single session [mPAP, - 4.5 ± 8.6 vs. - 3.6 ± 7.3 mmHg, p = 0.52; PVR, - 1.1 (- 3.5, 0.8) vs. - 1.8 (- 5.2, 0.3) Wood units, p = 0.21]. For the initial BPA session, bilateral BPA also treated more lobes, arteries and lesions than unilateral BPA [3 (2, 4) vs. 2 (1, 2) lobes, p < 0.001; 8.0 (5.8, 9.3) vs. 6.0 (4.0, 8.0) vessels, p = 0.04; 9 (6, 12) vs. 7 (4, 10) lesions, p = 0.02]. The occurrence of complications was also similar [5 (13.2%) vs. 5 (9.3%), p = 0.80], even in patients with poor baseline hemodynamics. Univariate regression analysis reveals the number of lobes treated/session, but not bilateral BPA, as predictive factors of complications. CONCLUSION: Bilateral BPA may be safely and effectively performed in patients with CTEPH without increasing operation duration and radiation burden, even in patients with unfavorable baseline hemodynamics.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Hipertensão Pulmonar , Embolia Pulmonar , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/cirurgia , Artéria Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Pulmonar/patologia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Embolia Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Embolia Pulmonar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(4): 354-359, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35527407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the clinical features of children with colorectal polyps and the efficacy of endoscopic treatment. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 1 351 children with colorectal polyps who were admitted and received colonoscopy and treatment in the past 8 years, including clinical features and the pattern and outcomes of endoscopic treatment. RESULTS: Among the 1 351 children, 893 (66.10%) were boys and 981 (72.61%) had an age of 2-<7 years, and hematochezia (1 307, 96.74%) was the most common clinical manifestation. Of all the children, 89.27% (1 206/1 351) had solitary polyps, and 95.77% (1 290/1 347) had juvenile polyps. The polyps were removed by electric cauterization with hot biopsy forceps (6 cases) or high-frequency electrotomy and electrocoagulation after snare ligation (1 345 cases). A total of 1 758 polyps were resected, among which 1 593 (90.61%) were pedunculated and 1 349 (76.73%) had a diameter of <2 cm. Postoperative complications included bleeding in 51 children (3.77%), vomiting in 87 children (6.44%), abdominal pain in 14 children (1.04%), and fever in 39 children (2.89%), while no perforation was observed. The children aged <3 years had the highest incidence rates of postoperative bleeding and fever (P<0.0125), and the children with a polyp diameter of ≥2 cm had significantly higher incidence rates of postoperative bleeding, vomiting, and fever (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Solitary polyps, pedunculated polyps, and juvenile polyps are common types of pediatric colorectal polyps. Electric cauterization with hot biopsy forceps or high-frequency electrotomy and electrocoagulation after snare ligation can effectively remove colorectal polyps in children, with good efficacy and few complications. Younger age and larger polyp diameter are associated with a higher risk of postoperative bleeding.


Assuntos
Pólipos do Colo , Criança , Pólipos do Colo/patologia , Pólipos do Colo/cirurgia , Colonoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Pólipos Intestinais/patologia , Pólipos Intestinais/cirurgia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vômito
12.
Nanomicro Lett ; 14(1): 93, 2022 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35384517

RESUMO

Aqueous zinc metal batteries are noted for their cost-effectiveness, safety and environmental friendliness. However, the water-induced notorious issues such as continuous electrolyte decomposition and uneven Zn electrochemical deposition remarkably restrict the development of the long-life zinc metal batteries. In this study, zwitterionic sulfobetaine is introduced to copolymerize with acrylamide in zinc perchlorate (Zn(ClO4)2) solution. The designed gel framework with hydrophilic and charged groups can firmly anchor water molecules and construct ion migration channels to accelerate ion transport. The in situ generated hybrid interface, which is composed of the organic functionalized outer layer and inorganic Cl- containing inner layer, can synergically lower the mass transfer overpotential, reduce water-related side reactions and lead to uniform Zn deposition. Such a novel electrolyte configuration enables Zn//Zn cells with an ultra-long cycling life of over 3000 h and a low polarization potential (~ 0.03 V) and Zn//Cu cells with high Coulombic efficiency of 99.18% for 1000 cycles. Full cells matched with MnO2 cathodes delivered laudable cycling stability and impressive shelving ability. Besides, the flexible quasi-solid-state batteries which are equipped with the anti-vandalism ability (such as cutting, hammering and soaking) can successfully power the LED simultaneously. Such a safe, processable and durable hydrogel promises significant application potential for long-life flexible electronic devices.

13.
Eur J Pediatr ; 181(7): 2715-2722, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35469031

RESUMO

The resistance of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) to antibiotics has been increasing worldwide and varies across different geographic areas and times. Limited studies reported the prevalence of antibiotic resistance and its related gene mutations in children in Chongqing, a city located in southwest China. We collected 112 H. pylori strains isolated from gastric biopsies of 156 children at Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University and calculated resistance rates of these strains to six antibiotics. The A2143G and A2142G mutations in 23S rRNA gene, which are related to clarithromycin resistance, and Asn87 and Asp91 mutations in gyrA gene, which are related to levofloxacin resistance, were investigated in 102 strains. The resistance rates to clarithromycin, metronidazole, and levofloxacin were 47.3% (53/112), 88.4% (99/112), and 18.8% (21/112), respectively. No resistance to amoxicillin, tetracycline, and furazolidone was observed. Dual and triple resistance percentages were 37.5% (42/112) and 10.7% (12/112), respectively. The detection rate of A2143G mutation in 23S rRNA gene was 83.3% (40/48). The detection rates of mutations of Asn87 and Asp91 in gyrA gene were 52.6% (10/19) and 36.8% (7/19), respectively. Conclusion: The prevalence of H. pylori resistance to clarithromycin, metronidazole, and levofloxacin was high in children in Chongqing, China. The A2143G mutation was detected in most clarithromycin-resistant strains, and Asn87 and Asp91 of gyrA mutation points were common in levofloxacin-resistant strains. In clinical practice, anti-H. pylori therapy should be individualized based on a susceptibility test.  What is Known: • The resistance of H. pylori to antibiotics changes with the geographic areas and that in Asia the resistance rate is high. • Mutation plays a vital role in antibiotics resistance of H. pylori. What is New: • High resistance rates to single and multiple antibiotics in children of Chongqing, a city located in southwest China, were observed. • Molecular assays showed good conformance with susceptibility test results to direct antibiotic resistance of H. pylori.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter , Helicobacter pylori , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Claritromicina/farmacologia , Claritromicina/uso terapêutico , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Levofloxacino/uso terapêutico , Metronidazol/farmacologia , Metronidazol/uso terapêutico , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , RNA Ribossômico 23S/genética
14.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 107: 108648, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35286917

RESUMO

Infection with Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) during the pregnant period causes microcephaly, mental and psychomotor retardation or death. Miserable outcomes are mainly linked with regulatory T cells (Tregs) dysfunction. Forkhead box P3 (Foxp3), a vital regulator of establishment and maintenance of Tregs, can be modulated by microRNAs (miRNAs). Previously, our study revealed that T. gondii infection in pregnant mice induced Tregs dysfunction, accompanied with reduced Foxp3 expression. The role of miRNAs in the inhibition of Foxp3 triggered by T. gondii remains unclear. Herein, T. gondii infection promotes miR-34a expression in the placenta of mice. miR-34a mimic inhibits Foxp3 expression via targeting 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) whereas its inhibitor promotes Foxp3 expression in vitro. T. gondii antigens could enhance the activity of miR-34a promoter via a Smad4-dependent mechanism. Collectively, our data reveal a new avenue through which T. gondii inhibits Foxp3 expression necessary to drive adverse outcomes of pregnancy in mice.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Toxoplasma , Toxoplasmose , Animais , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Gravidez , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Toxoplasma/metabolismo , Toxoplasmose/genética
15.
Environ Pollut ; 303: 119115, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35259473

RESUMO

Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure is a significant cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the detailed mechanisms involved in COPD remain unclear. In this study, we established PM2.5-induced COPD rat models and showed that PM2.5 induced pulmonary microvascular injury via accelerating vascular endothelial apoptosis, increasing vascular permeability, and reducing angiogenesis, thereby contributing to COPD development. Moreover, microvascular injury in COPD was validated by measurements of plasma endothelial microparticles (EMPs) and serum VEGF in COPD patients. We then performed m6A sequencing, which confirmed that altered N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification was induced by PM2.5 exposure. The results of a series of experiments demonstrated that the expression of methyltransferase-like protein 16 (METTL16), an m6A regulator, was upregulated in PM2.5-induced COPD rats, while the expression of other regulators did not differ upon PM2.5-induction. To clarify the regulatory effect of METTL16-mediated m6A modification induced by PM2.5 on pulmonary microvascular injury, cell apoptosis, permeability, and tube formation, the m6A level in METTL16-knockdown pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (PMVECs) was evaluated, and the target genes of METTL16 were identified from a set of the differentially expressed and m6A-methylated genes associated with vascular injury and containing predicted sites of METTL16 methylation. The results showed that Sulfatase 2 (Sulf2) and Cytohesin-1 (Cyth1) containing the predicted METTL16 methylation sites, exhibited higher m6A methylation and were downregulated after PM2.5 exposure. Further studies demonstrated that METTL16 may regulate Sulf2 expression via m6A modification and thereby contribute to PM2.5-induced microvascular injury. These findings not only provide a better understanding of the role played by m6A modification in PM2.5-induced microvascular injury, but also identify a new therapeutic target for COPD.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Humanos , Metilação , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/induzido quimicamente , Ratos
16.
Eur J Med Chem ; 234: 114253, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279611

RESUMO

The receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) anexelekto (AXL) is mutated and/or overexpressed in various malignancies, and plays a central role in tumor development and acquired drug resistance. Although highly selective inhibitors have been developed in recent years, direct inhibition of AXL may block its ubiquitination, eventually leading to surface accumulation of the protein. Herein, we designed and synthesized a series of AXL degraders with high selectivity and without compensatory increase of AXL. In particular, compounds 20 and 22 showed significant AXL degradation capacity, which inhibited the proliferation and migration of cancer cells in vitro. In addition, these compounds induced the formation of cytoplasmic vacuoles and triggered methuosis, a new type of non-apoptotic cell death, by stimulating excessive production of macropinosomes. Vacuole formation was mediated via H-Ras activation, and was attenuated upon inhibition of its downstream regulatory factor Rac1. Furthermore, compound 20 inhibited the growth of tumor cell xenografts in vivo, and prolonged the survival of the tumor-bearing mice.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Camundongos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases
17.
Opt Express ; 30(5): 6577-6583, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35299439

RESUMO

In this work, we report the observation of resonance absorption of the inner shell during the high-order harmonic generation (HHG) from xenon (Xe) and krypton (Kr). The absorption peaks show a periodic variation with the change of carrier-envelope phase of driving laser pulses and the delay of two-color laser field, which indicates the absorption peaks come from the collective multielectron effects during the HHG. With the increase of gas pressure, the depth of absorption peak will continue to increase, while due to the phase matching effect, there will be an optimal pressure for the intensity of harmonic signal. Our experimental results pave the way to uncover the physical mechanism of the collective multielectron effects involving inner-shell electrons in the HHG process.

18.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 831912, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35185585

RESUMO

Background: Treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD) in children is generally symptomatic and unsatisfactory. Traditional Chinese medicines, such as Shenqu Xiaoshi Oral Liquid (SXOL), have been recommended to alleviate dyspeptic symptoms. However, evidence of their safety and efficacy remains limited to date. AIM: To assess whether 2 weeks of therapy with SXOL was non-inferior to domperidone syrup in children with FD. Methods: In this randomized, double-blind, double-simulated, non-inferiority, multi-center clinical trial, we recruited children (3-14 years) with FD according to the Rome IV criteria from 17 tertiary medical centers across China. Patients were randomly allocated (1:1) to receive SXOL or domperidone syrup for 2 weeks. We compared the participants' clinical scores from both groups based on the severity and frequency of dyspepsia symptoms according to Rome IV criteria (0, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after randomization). The primary endpoint was the total response rate, which was defined as the proportion of patients with a decrease of 30% or more in the FD symptoms clinical score from baseline, at the end of the 2-weeks treatment. A non-inferiority margin of -10% was set. Secondary endpoints and adverse events were assessed. This trial is registered with www.Chictr.org.cn, number ChiCTR1900022654. Results: Between February 2019 and March 2021, a total of 373 patients were assessed for eligibility, and 356 patients were enrolled and randomized. The clinical response rate at week two was similar for SXOL [118 (83.10%) of 142] and domperidone [128 (81.01%) of 158]; difference 2.09; 95% CI -6.74 to 10.71, thereby establishing non-inferiority. The total FD symptom scores were significantly improved in the two groups at 1-, 2-, and 4-weeks follow-up periods (p < 0.005). The decrease in symptom score compared with the baseline were similar between these two groups. Over the total study period, 10 patients experienced at least one treatment-related adverse event [six (3.37%)] in the SXOL group, four [(2.25%) in the domperidone group], although no serious adverse event was noted. Conclusion: Treatment with SXOL effectively improves dyspeptic symptoms and is well tolerated. In addition, it is not inferior to domperidone syrup and leads to sustained improvement in Chinese children with FD.

19.
Inquiry ; 59: 469580211064462, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35044271

RESUMO

Chronic constrictive pericarditis (CCP) is one of the common causes of cardiogenic cirrhosis; it is rare for a patient to have both CCP and recurrent black stool, so we consider that CCP causes cardiogenic cirrhosis. Cardiogenic cirrhosis caused portal hypertension which then resulted in gastrointestinal bleeding. Herein, we report a case of a 40-year-old Chinese woman suffering from CCP who had upper gastrointestinal bleed and had to undergo emergency surgery. Two years after the emergency surgery, multiple reexaminations showed significantly improved cardiac functions, hemoglobin, and WBC levels and gastrointestinal functions.


Assuntos
Pericardite Constritiva , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/complicações , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Pericardiectomia/efeitos adversos , Pericardiectomia/métodos , Pericardite Constritiva/complicações , Pericardite Constritiva/cirurgia
20.
Eur J Med Chem ; 231: 114142, 2022 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35092900

RESUMO

Targeted protein degradation technology has evolved a brand-new therapeutic modality from an innovative drug discovery perspective. Though the classical PROTACs has pioneered the way for protein degraders, certain inherent defects such as poor druggability, uncontrollable catalysis caused off-targets, and limited E3 ubiquitin ligases available constitute obstacles that impede further advances. Recent medicinal chemists have preferred to investigate a type of optimized degraders beyond the classical PROTACs, bypassing such disadvantages to better facilitate targeted protein degradation. In this perspective, we comprehensively spotlighted the emerging approaches and techniques applied to the targeted protein degradation, specifically the PROTACs-derived strategies and other alternatives to realize protein degradation via proteasome or lysosome. Besides, contemporary confronted opportunities as well as challenges were further analyzed, with the aim to guide future discovery of novel protein degraders.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteólise , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
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