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Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 4506-4509, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018995


Smart devices are quickly becoming ubiquitous with the rise of portable biosensors and the internet of things. There exists particular interest in enhancing common objects to have smart capabilities and finding inexpensive solutions for diagnostic tools. One such example is transforming paper items into interactive devices and point-of-care analytic products. Due to the lightweight, flexible, and cost-efficient qualities of paper, unobtrusively powering these devices remains an outstanding problem. In this paper, we demonstrate an electrostatic human-touch powered energy harvesting system, integrated with flexible painted conductive electrodes on paper. This system harvests 8.5 nJ of energy and reaches a voltage of 1.3 V on a 10 nF energy storage capacitor. This technology not only provides a method of powering paper-based products with routine human gestures but can also detect human touch for input communication to sensors.

Eletrônica , Condutividade Elétrica , Eletrodos , Humanos , Fenômenos Físicos , Eletricidade Estática
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2017: 775-778, 2017 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29059987


Sensors are becoming ubiquitous and increasingly integrated with and on the human body; powering such "body network" devices remains an outstanding problem. In this paper, we demonstrate a touch interrogation powered energy harvesting system. This system transforms the kinetic energy of a human finger to electric energy, with each tap producing approximately 1 nJ of energy at a storage capacitor. As is well known for touch display devices, the proximity of a finger can alter the effective value of small capacitances; we demonstrate that these capacitance changes can drive a current which is rectified to charge a capacitor. As a demonstration, an untethered circuit charged this way can deliver enough instantaneous power to light a red LED every ~ 10 seconds. This technology illustrates the ability to communicate with and operate low-power sensors with motions already used for interfacing to devices.

Capacitância Elétrica , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Eletricidade , Humanos , Movimento (Física) , Tato
PLoS One ; 12(9): e0184994, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28915277


Current technologies are lacking in the area of deployable, in situ monitoring of complex chemicals in environmental applications. Microorganisms metabolize various chemical compounds and can be engineered to be analyte-specific making them naturally suited for robust chemical sensing. However, current electrochemical microbial biosensors use large and expensive electrochemistry equipment not suitable for on-site, real-time environmental analysis. Here we demonstrate a miniaturized, autonomous bioelectronic sensing system (BESSY) suitable for deployment for instantaneous and continuous sensing applications. We developed a 2x2 cm footprint, low power, two-channel, three-electrode electrochemical potentiostat which wirelessly transmits data for on-site microbial sensing. Furthermore, we designed a new way of fabricating self-contained, submersible, miniaturized reactors (m-reactors) to encapsulate the bacteria, working, and counter electrodes. We have validated the BESSY's ability to specifically detect a chemical amongst environmental perturbations using differential current measurements. This work paves the way for in situ microbial sensing outside of a controlled laboratory environment.

Reatores Biológicos , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Monitoramento Ambiental , Shewanella/metabolismo , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Monitoramento Ambiental/instrumentação , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26738031


We present a miniaturized, free-floating monitoring system which makes use of electron transfer in Shewanella oneidensis sequestered behind a permeable membrane while maintaining diffusive contact with the environment, allowing for sensing environmental conditions. The system makes use of a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) integrated circuit (IC) which sets a potential between a working electrode and a Ag/AgCl reference electrode while recording the resulting current from the electroactive cells. We successfully sensed both pyruvate and the environmental presence of E. coli via changes in the currents sensed. This work will enable the development of mobile aquatic sensing systems which make use of bacterial electron transfer as a transduction method. Further miniaturization of the recording mote, electrodes, packaging, and system is discussed.

Técnicas Biossensoriais , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Microbiologia Ambiental , Shewanella/fisiologia , Técnicas Biossensoriais/instrumentação , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/instrumentação , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Eletrodos , Transporte de Elétrons , Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação