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1.
J Bacteriol ; 201(20)2019 10 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358615

RESUMO

Cyclopropane fatty acids (CFAs) are synthetized by the addition of a methylene group from S-adenosyl-l-methionine across the carbon-carbon double bonds of unsaturated fatty acid chains of membrane phospholipids. This fatty acid cyclopropanation, catalyzed by the CFA synthase (CfaS) enzyme, occurs in many bacteria, including the human pathogen Helicobacter pylori Although the cyclopropane modification was reported to play a key role in the adaptation in response to environmental stress, its role in H. pylori remains unknown. In this study, we showed that H. pylori HP0416 encodes a functional CfaS. The enzyme was demonstrated to be required for acid resistance, antibiotic resistance, intracellular survival and mouse gastric colonization, and cell membrane integrity. Moreover, the tool compound dioctylamine, which acts as a substrate mimic, directly inhibits the CfaS function of H. pylori, resulting into sensitivity to acid stress, increased antibiotic susceptibility, and attenuated abilities to avoid macrophage killing and to colonize mouse stomachs. These results validate CfaS as a promising antibiotic target and provide new potentials for this recognized target in future anti-H. pylori drug discovery efforts.IMPORTANCE The increasing prevalence of multidrug-resistant Helicobacter pylori strains has created an urgent need for alternative therapeutic regimens that complement the current antibiotic treatment strategies for H. pylori eradication; however, this is greatly hampered due to a lack of "druggable" targets. Although the CFAs are present in H. pylori cytoplasmic membranes at high levels, their physiological role has not been established. In this report, deletion of the CFA synthase CfaS was shown to attenuate acid and drug resistance, immune escape, and gastric colonization of H. pylori These findings were validated by inhibition of the CfaS activity with the tool compound dioctylamine. These studies identify this enzyme as an attractive target for further drug discovery efforts against H. pylori.


Assuntos
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/patogenicidade , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Aminas/farmacologia , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Ciclopropanos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Feminino , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/enzimologia , Helicobacter pylori/genética , Humanos , Metiltransferases/antagonistas & inibidores , Metiltransferases/genética , Camundongos , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
2.
Steroids ; 124: 29-34, 2017 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28549802

RESUMO

5α-Reductase is a key enzyme responsible for dihydrotestosterone biosynthesis and has been recognized as an important target for discovering new drugs against benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). In this study, a series of novel steroidal androst-3,5-diene-3-carboxylic acids have been designed and synthesized. Biological evaluations were performed on their 5α-reductase inhibitory activities by both in vitro enzyme inhibition assay and in vivo by prostate weighing method. Results showed that most of them displayed excellent 5α-reductase inhibitory potency. Detailed evaluation indicated that most of the compounds displayed slightly higher inhibition potency towards type 2 isozyme. Among all the compounds, 16a was found to be the most potential inhibitor with the IC50 of 0.25µM and 0.13µM against type 1 and 2 isozymes respectively. In vivo 5a-reductase inhibitory evaluation of 16a also showed a more significant reduction effect (p<0.001) in rat prostate weight than epristeride. Furthermore, the results of in silico ADME study indicated that compound 16a exhibited good pharmacokinetic properties. Thus, 16a could serve as promising lead candidates for further study.


Assuntos
Inibidores de 5-alfa Redutase/síntese química , Inibidores de 5-alfa Redutase/farmacologia , Ácidos Carboxílicos/síntese química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/farmacologia , Colestenona 5 alfa-Redutase/metabolismo , Desenho de Fármacos , Inibidores de 5-alfa Redutase/química , Inibidores de 5-alfa Redutase/farmacocinética , Animais , Ácidos Carboxílicos/química , Ácidos Carboxílicos/farmacocinética , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Simulação por Computador , Masculino , Ratos
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