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1.
Food Chem ; 368: 130768, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392120

RESUMO

Apoptosis plays a critical role in sea cucumber autolysis. To investigate the ultraviolet (UV)-induced apoptosis, sea cucumbers with and without injection of BAPTA-AM (cytosolic calcium chelator) were exposed to UV (15 W/m2) for 30 min. The results showed that UV irradiation caused several changes in sea cucumber coelomocytes, including calcium imbalance, abnormal morphology of endoplasmic reticulum, upregulation of pro-apoptotic proteins CRT, CHOP, and caspases 9 and 3, and downregulation of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. A comparison between the two groups showed that injection of the calcium chelator into sea cucumbers helped maintain coelomocyte intracellular calcium homeostasis and suppressed other abnormal changes caused by ER stress, indicating apoptosis in sea cucumbers is mediated by calcium imbalance and follows the activation of the ER stress pathway. Therefore, this study broadens understanding of the apoptotic mechanism involved in sea cucumber autolysis, which is helpful in developing preservative agents for sea cucumbers.


Assuntos
Pepinos-do-Mar , Stichopus , Animais , Autólise , Cálcio , Homeostase
2.
Food Chem ; 373(Pt B): 131435, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34741971

RESUMO

Blue mussel (Mytilus edulis L.) is a popular, nutritional, and tasty mollusk. To better understand the composition of nutrients and improve further processing of the mussels, metabolomic approaches were used to analyze the free amino acids, 5'-nucleotides, and lipid compositions of different tissues. Our results showed that the viscera and gonad were rich in glutamine and glycine. Adenosine 5'-monophosphate, uridine 5'-monophosphate, guanosine 5'-monophosphate, and inosine 5'-monophosphate were abundant in the mantle, foot, and adductor muscle. Three main types of lipids, phospholipids (PLs), glycerides, and fatty acids (FAs), were semi-quantified. PLs were mainly distributed in the gonad of male mussels and viscera, gonad, and mantles of female mussels. FAs were relatively high in the viscera of males and in the gonad and viscera of females. The viscera of females were rich in phosphatidylcholine, such as 16:0/22:6 and 16:0/20:5. Triglycerides were the key lipids for distinguishing different tissues, especially 16:0/18:1/18:3 and 16:0/18:4/20:5.

3.
Food Res Int ; 147: 110559, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399536

RESUMO

Aldehydes and ketones are secondary oxidation products resulting from lipid oxidation that occurs during food processing. These small molecule compounds not only have an impact on the quality, odor and flavor of food, but also play a role in the pathogenesis of many human diseases. In this study, a HPLC-MS/MS analytical method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of 24 aldehydes and ketones. The coefficients of determination (R2) for all aldehydes and ketones were higher than 0.9975 at the range of 0.2-2000 ng/mL. The recoveries were in the range 71.20-108.13% with RSD < 10%. The method was tested by analyzing lipids from oysters with different thermal processing (boiling, frying, roasting and air frying) procedures; the highest concentration for saturated aldehydes and ketones while the highest content of unsaturated aldehydes in boiling treatment. Meanwhile, fatty acid oxidative decomposition was in agreement with aldehydes and ketones formation. Moreover, principal component analysis, orthogonal partial least-squares discriminant analysis and variable importance in projection value showed that lipid oxidation is positively related to the formation of a variety of aldehydes and ketones.


Assuntos
Aldeídos , Crassostrea , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Humanos , Cetonas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
4.
Food Res Int ; 143: 110280, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33992380

RESUMO

The most effective composite antioxidants for DHA algae oil were optimized by combining the selected gallic acid (GA) alkyl ester with other commonly used antioxidants. Results of Rancimat induction time, peroxide value, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, and free radical generation indicated that octyl gallate (OG) was the best one in DHA algae oil among GA alkyl esters with various chain lengths. Therefore, OG was used to combine other antioxidants (antioxidant of bamboo leaves, rosemary extract, tea polyphenols, tea polyphenol palmitate (TPP), ascorbyl palmitate, vitamin E, phytic acid and phospholipid) for further improving the oxidative stability of DHA algae oil. The combination of OG + TPP showed the best antioxidant effect among the composite antioxidants of two and three components. Through optimization of mixture ratio, the combination of 53.20 mg/kg OG + 360 mg/kg TPP demonstrated the best antioxidant capacity, which prolonged the shelf life of DHA algae oil by 4.24 folds.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Ácido Gálico , Ésteres , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo
5.
Food Chem ; 351: 129344, 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33647688

RESUMO

Protein oxidation is considered as an important factor affecting the texture quality of surimi. In this work, the myofibrillar protein (MP) from shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) was subjected to a hydroxyl radical generating system at various concentrations of H2O2, to simulate the oxidative environment during surimi processing. After the hydroxyl radical oxidation, it was found that the carbonyl content, surface hydrophobicity, and MP aggregation increased. Meanwhile, the a-helix decreased, but ß-sheet increased after oxidation. The moderate oxidation led to a dense network microstructure, increased water holding capacity (WHC) and decreased water mobility, which ultimately enhanced textural (hardness and springiness increased by 0.51- and 0.06-fold, respectively) and rheological properties of MP gel (MPG). However, excessive oxidation could reduce the mechanical properties of MPG. The microstructure, WHC and water distribution played a key role in the mechanical properties of MPG. This study can provide a theoretical basis for processing of shrimp surimi products.


Assuntos
Anostraca , Fenômenos Químicos , Radical Hidroxila/química , Proteínas Musculares/química , Animais , Géis , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Oxirredução , Reologia , Alimentos Marinhos , Água/química
6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(7): 2325-2336, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555856

RESUMO

In this study, a rapid and reliable method based on ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Q Exactive HF-X mass spectrometry (UHPLC-QE/MS) was established for the simultaneous quantification and validation of acrylamide, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural, and 14 heterocyclic aromatic amines in thermally processed foods. With the optimization of the pretreatment method, all 16 hazardous compounds with different polarities were simultaneously extracted and purified by one-step purification. By studying various acquisition modes in detail, full MS + PRM detection using an electrospray ionization source in the positive mode gives an excellent-shaped chromatographic peak and thereby achieves a better quantitative ability for analytes in the matrix. This method demonstrated good quantification recovery in the range of 68.85-146.42%. The limits of quantification were within the range from 0.1 to 50 ng/mL. With the method proposed, the simultaneous determination of 16 hazardous compounds in different thermally processed foods was successfully applied. The all-fragment-ion approaches at high resolution have the ability to reduce false-positive peak detections arising from peak alignment software in the detection of samples significantly. The proposed isotope dilution UHPLC-QE/MS method was validated and demonstrated to be sensitive, accurate, and precise for the simultaneous quantification of multiple contaminants in one injection.


Assuntos
Acrilamida , Aminas , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Cromatografia Líquida , Furaldeído/análogos & derivados , Espectrometria de Massas
7.
Annu Rev Food Sci Technol ; 12: 407-432, 2021 03 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441013

RESUMO

Chitosan is a biodegradable, biocompatible, and nontoxic aminopolysaccharide. This review summarizes and discusses the structural modifications, including substitution, grafting copolymerization, cross-linking, and hydrolysis, utilized to improve the physicochemical properties and enhance the bioactivity and functionality of chitosan and related materials. This manuscript also reviews the current progress and potential of chitosan and its derivatives in body-weight management and antihyperlipidemic, antihyperglycemic, antihypertensive, antimicrobial antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunostimulatory activities as well as their ability to interact with gut microbiota. In addition, the potential of chitosan and its derivatives as functional ingredients in food systems, such as film and coating materials, and delivery systems is discussed. This manuscript aims to provide up-to-date information to stimulate future discussion and research to promote the value-added utilization of chitosan in improving the safety, quality, nutritional value and health benefits, and sustainability of our food system while reducing the environmental hazards.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Quitosana , Antibacterianos , Antioxidantes
8.
Food Funct ; 12(4): 1626-1638, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476357

RESUMO

Clam is a kind of nutritious, delicious and economical aquatic food around the world and is famous for its unique aroma. Instrumental analysis, sensory analysis, and comprehensive statistical analysis were performed to explain the relationship between aroma and odorants in clam soup. Six extraction methods combined with GC-MS and sniffing were utilized to obtain the aroma fingerprints of clam soup and to analyze the correlation with aroma perception. Solvent extraction methods were more effective than headspace extraction methods for the volatiles of clam soup. SAFE was the best method to obtain the most comprehensive information of volatiles of clam soup. The sequence of a combination of different extraction methods and SAFE would also affect the results of volatiles extracted from clam soup. Volatiles extracted via SDE, P&T, and SPME would add further information to the result of SAFE. A total of 119 volatile compounds were identified from clam soup by summarising the results of different extraction methods. The significant effect of 14 key odorants in clam soup on aroma perception was verified by aroma recombination and odorant omission tests. A neural network diagram of the aroma profile was designed to visualize the information of odor perception. Furthermore, the results would be beneficial for aroma research studies of aquatic food and the processing of clam products.


Assuntos
Bivalves/química , Fracionamento Químico/métodos , Odorantes/análise , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Animais , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
9.
J Sci Food Agric ; 101(4): 1554-1561, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869299

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Phospholipids, the main lipid component in marine shellfish, mainly comprise glycerophosphocholine (GPC) and glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE). GPC and GPE in marine shellfish, especially scallop, carry n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids, such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), although different types of glycerophospholipids (GP) have different health benefits on human health. Moreover, different GP subclasses such as GPC and GPE have different oxidative susceptibilities in complex food systems. The present study compared the oxidative susceptibilities of GPC and GPE in dried scallop during storage by high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry and kinetic models, and also investigated the effects of natural phenolic antioxidant on their susceptibilities. RESULTS: The results showed that GPC and GPE molecular species (carrying EPA or DHA) contents in samples continuously reduced during storage at two different temperatures. The first-order kinetic model better reflected the changes of GPC and GPE molecular species (carrying EPA or DHA) in samples than the zero-order kinetic model during storage. According to the oxidation rate (k) obtained from first-order kinetic models, GPE possessed a greater oxidation rate than GPC during storage. Moreover, the results showed that antioxidants of bamboo leaves (AOB, polar polyphenolic antioxidants) significantly decreased the oxidation rates of GPC and GPE molecular species (carrying EPA or DHA) in samples during storage, and GPC could be more effectively protected by AOB compared to GPE. CONCLUSION: The present study provides a practical method for accurately evaluating the oxidative susceptibility of different phospholipid classes in complex food systems. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Pectinidae/química , Fosfatidiletanolaminas/química , Fosforilcolina/química , Alimentos Marinhos/análise , Animais , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Cinética , Músculo Esquelético/química , Oxirredução
10.
J Food Sci ; 85(9): 2673-2680, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790209

RESUMO

The impact of protein oxidation and degradation on texture deterioration of ready-to-eat (RTE) shrimps during storage was investigated. The deterioration in texture during storage was manifested by decreased instrumental hardness, elasticity, chewiness, and recoverability. The occurrence of protein oxidation was revealed by a significant increase in the contents of free radicals and carbonyls. The increases in trichloroacetic acid-soluble peptide (TCA-soluble peptide) content and myofibril fragmentation index (MFI) were also observed, suggesting the degradation of protein. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the decreased instrumental texture parameters were negatively correlated with the increased carbonyl content, TCA-soluble peptide, MFI, porosity, and pore size as well as the decreased water-holding capacity (WHC), thus, it was hypothesized that protein oxidation and degradation were responsible for changes in the microstructure and reduction of WHC, which ultimately resulted in texture deterioration of RTE shrimps.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Artrópodes/química , Palaemonidae/química , Frutos do Mar/análise , Animais , Fast Foods/análise , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Radicais Livres/análise , Dureza , Miofibrilas/química , Oxirredução , Água/análise
11.
Food Res Int ; 136: 109330, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846529

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to evaluate the change of lipids in two whelk samples during cold storage. Results showed that the peroxide value (PV) and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) increased while the percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acid decreased, indicating that lipid oxidation occurred. The cold storage significantly reduced the levels of triacylglycerol (TAG), polar lipid (PoL), phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) but increased the levels of acid value (AV), free fatty acid (FFA) and monoacylglycerol, suggesting the hydrolysis of lipids. Moreover, the results showed that the lipoxygenase, acid lipase and phospholipase contributed to the hydrolysis and oxidation of lipids in the two whelks. Additionally, partial least squares discriminant analysis showed PC was positively correlated with PE, PoL and TAG, but negatively correlated with AV, FFA, PV and TBARS, indicating there is a close relationship between hydrolysis and oxidation of lipids.


Assuntos
Fosfatidilcolinas , Alimentos Marinhos , Hidrólise , Lipase , Oxirredução , Alimentos Marinhos/análise
12.
Food Chem ; 328: 127122, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32480260

RESUMO

Glycation between target proteins and saccharides is time-consuming or requires high temperatures. Here, a promising reaction medium, natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES), for glucose glycation with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was applied to improve the grafting of glucose-glycated BSA by shifting reaction equilibrium. Two types of glucose-glycated BSA products were prepared using NADES and water systems. SDS-PAGE and MALDI-TOF-MS revealed that BSA and glucose were covalently bonded. Compared with in water system, glycated BSA products in NADES system had more -OH groups, more disordered secondary structures, lower intrinsic fluorescence intensity, and higher ultraviolet-visible absorption. Lower surface hydrophobicity (1100 versus 1356), higher emulsifying activity index (66.17 versus 46.49 m2/g), higher emulsion stability index (79.62 versus 63.61%), and lesser free sulfhydryl (8.07 versus 8.98 µmol/g) groups were obtained with NADES system than with water system. The results suggest that NADES is a suitable alternative reaction medium for promoting the glycation of BSA.


Assuntos
Glucose/química , Soroalbumina Bovina/química , Animais , Glicosilação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Solventes/química
13.
Food Chem ; 330: 127248, 2020 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531638

RESUMO

The effects of endogenous proteolysis and oxidation on mechanical properties of sea cucumber (Stichopus japonicus) during thermal processing and storage and their control were investigated. The lactic acid (LA) + tea polyphenols (TP)-treated sea cucumbers showed relatively higher values in texture and rheological indicators than the blank control group after thermal processing. By contrast, the (LA + TP)-treated sea cucumbers also had lower values in water-soluble hydroxyproline, glycosaminoglycans and proteins, trichloroacetic acid-soluble peptide content, and more orderly secondary structure of proteins, indicating that the additives affected the mechanical properties of thermally processed sea cucumbers by preventing the proteolysis of proteins. All texture and rheological indicators of thermally processed sea cucumbers decreased time-dependently during chilled storage. The additives (LA + TP) significantly prevented the progressive deterioration in mechanical properties by retarding the changes in microstructure as well as phase state and distribution of water through preventing protein oxidation.


Assuntos
Pepinos-do-Mar/química , Animais , Temperatura Alta , Hidroxiprolina/química , Oxirredução , Proteólise
14.
Food Res Int ; 133: 109205, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466945

RESUMO

Live sea cucumbers (Stichopus japonicus) were stored in a solution containing oxalic acid and tea polyphenols as natural metal ion chelators. The inhibitory effects of these chelators on the autolysis phenomenon and the underlying mechanism of action were investigated for the first time by using scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, low-field nuclear magnetic resonance and confocal laser scanning microscopy. External stimuli cause autolysis through the release of calcium ions (Ca2+) from cells into the extracellular connective tissue, initiating activity of the matrix metalloprotease (MMP) in the sea cucumber body wall (SCBW). MMP subsequently degrades the microfibrillar networks, that support the interconnecting collagen fibres and the interfibrillar proteoglycan bridges linking the collagen fibrils, to release the water restricted within the interspaces between collagen fibres and collagen fibrils, ultimately causing mucoid degeneration of SCBW. The natural metal ion chelators significantly inhibited the activation of MMP by chelating Ca2+, consequently effectively preventing the autolysis of SCBW.


Assuntos
Pepinos-do-Mar , Stichopus , Animais , Autólise , Quelantes , Colágeno
15.
Food Chem ; 323: 126790, 2020 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32305808

RESUMO

Texture deterioration occurs in adductor muscle of scallop (Argopecten irradians) (AMS) after 5 d of cold storage. Principal component analysis indicated the texture deterioration resulted in significant decrease of hardness, springiness, adhesiveness and chewiness, but significantly increased cohesiveness. Endogenous proteases degraded structural proteins, among which cysteine proteases were mainly responsible for myofibrillar proteins (MPs) degradation, while serine proteases degraded both MPs and connective tissue proteins. Pearson coefficient analysis showed that texture indicators significantly correlated with structural protein indicators in AMS. To be more specific, the hardness, springiness, adhesiveness and chewiness negatively correlated with myofibrillar fragmentation index, soluble hydroxyproline (Hyp) and soluble glycosaminoglycans, but positively correlated with solubility of MPs and water holding capacity. Meanwhile, the cohesiveness positively correlated with soluble Hyp. The Taylor diagram and Hierarchical cluster analysis confirmed that the inhibitors of cysteine and serine proteases could effectively retard textural deterioration of AMS during 5 d of cold storage.

16.
Food Funct ; 11(4): 3483-3492, 2020 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242562

RESUMO

The formation and disappearance of aldehydes during simulated gastrointestinal digestion (SD) of fried clams was investigated in order to shed light on the underlying mechanism. Results from the thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) and fluorometric assays using a specific aldehyde probe indicated that the SD (with lipase) of fried clams initially reduced (at the gastric stage), but subsequently increased (mainly at the intestinal stage) the contents of total aldehydes. Meanwhile, eight specific aldehydes including propanal, acrolein, trans-2-pentenal, hexanal, trans,trans-2,4-octadienal, trans,trans-2,4-decadienal, 4-hydroxy-hexenal and 4-hydroxy-nonenal in the digested meal were determined by using a high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method. Results indicated that the changes in the trend of the contents of the eight aforementioned aldehydes were similar to those of total aldehydes during SD (with lipase) of fried clams. However, a similar SD process without lipase time-dependently reduced the contents of total and individual aldehydes. Moreover, lipid classes and free fatty acids (FFAs) in the digested meal were determined to reveal the degree of hydrolysis of lipids during the SD process. Results indicated that the SD (with lipase) of fried clams significantly hydrolyzed triacylglycerols (TAG) and polar lipids (PL) and produced FFAs, but the SD process without lipase resulted in negligible lipid hydrolysis. Thus, our results demonstrated a positive correlation between lipid hydrolysis and aldehyde generation during the SD of fried clams. Alternatively, unsaturated FFAs instead of TAG and PL could have served as the main precursors for aldehyde generation due to their high oxidative susceptibility.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/metabolismo , Bivalves/química , Aldeídos/química , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Culinária , Digestão , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray
17.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(6): 2544-2553, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32017121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fresh shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) deteriorates easily and the drying process is an important processing method for prolonging the shelf life of shrimp. The traditional drying method is hot-air-drying (HD), which can cause some problems such as nutrient loss, discoloration and lipid oxidation. In recent years, freeze-drying (FD) has been popular for removing moisture from food at lower temperatures, maintaining the structure of raw materials, and improving storage stability of products. In the present study, the effects of HD and FD on lipid and color of P. vannamei and the mechanisms involved were investigated. RESULTS: FD caused less lipid oxidation compared to HD; consequently, FD-processed shrimps had lower levels of primary and secondary oxidation products, as well as acid value, and higher contents of triacylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid compared to HD-processed samples. Lipase and lipoxygenase played a role in the oxidation and hydrolysis of lipids during drying process. FD-processed shrimps had lower yellowness value and chromatic aberrations but a higher whiteness value compared to HD-processed samples. Correlation analysis showed that lipid oxidation, astaxanthin degradation and the Maillard reaction contributed to the changes of color. Principal component analysis indicated that FD caused less deterioration in quality compared to HD. CONCLUSION: In the present study, FD is recommended for preserving shrimp color and lipid nutrition in terms of lipid oxidation control. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Dessecação/métodos , Liofilização/métodos , Penaeidae/química , Animais , Cor , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Hidrólise , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Reação de Maillard , Oxirredução
18.
Food Chem ; 313: 126139, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927203

RESUMO

Based on various antioxidant mechanisms, four kinds of antioxidants including ascorbyl palmitate (AP), vitamin E (VE), phytic acid (PA) and one of the polyphenols (antioxidant of bamboo leaves, tea polyphenol palmitate or tea polyphenols (TP)) were used in combination to improve oxidative stability of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) algae oil. To achieve the best effect, the formulations and mixture ratios of the antioxidant combinations were optimized. The effects were monitored by peroxide value, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, acid value, free radicals, Rancimat induction time and fatty acid composition of DHA algae oil undergoing accelerated storage. Finally, the DHA algae oil containing 80 mg/kg AP, 80 mg/kg VE, 40 mg/kg PA and 80 mg/kg TP had the highest oxidative stability. Furthermore, the shelf life of DHA algae oil containing the optimum composite antioxidant was predicted by using accelerated shelf life testing coupled with Arrhenius model, which was 3.80-fold longer than the control sample.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/química , Óleos/química , Ácido Ascórbico/análogos & derivados , Ácido Ascórbico/química , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Oxirredução , Folhas de Planta/química , Polifenóis/química , Sasa/química , Chá/química , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/química , Vitamina E/química
19.
Chem Phys Lipids ; 226: 104848, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705861

RESUMO

More than 200 molecular species of glycerophospholipids (GP) including glycerophosphocholine (GPC), glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE), glycerophosphoserine (GPS), lysoglycerophosphocholine (LGPC), lysoglycerophosphoethanolamine (LGPE) and lysoglycerophosphoserine (LGPS), as well as 18 kinds of sphingomyelin (SM) were characterized by using a direct infusion-tandem mass (MS/MS) spectrometry method for lipids from the muscles of cephalopods Sepiella maindroni, Octopus ocellatus and Loligo chinensis for the first time. The majority of the GP molecular species contained long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFA), especially eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Therefore, cephalopods can be a good possible source of dietary GP carrying n-3 LC-PUFA. The total lipids were composed of phospholipid (PL, 72.29-83.32 wt% of total lipids), cholesterol (12.70-23.60 wt% of total lipids), triacylglycerol (1.86-2.93 wt% of total lipids), diacylglycerol (0.15-1.09 wt% of total lipids), monoacylglycerol (0.06-0.18 wt% of total lipids) and free fatty acid (0.72-1.86 wt% of total lipids). For PL, phosphatidylcholine (44.47-62.30 mol%), phosphatidylethanolamine (22.57-39.08 mol%), phosphatidylserine (6.15-10.18 mol%), phosphatidylglycerol (0.68-3.11 mol%), phosphatidylinositol (2.41-7.15 mol%) and lysophosphatidylcholine (1.84-5.24 mol%) were detected. Furthermore, the total lipids from the muscles of cephalopods Sepiella maindroni, Octopus ocellatus and Loligo chinensis contained 41.80-50.02 mol% of saturated fatty acids, 11.53-21.54 mol% of monounsaturated fatty acids and 36.67-40.82 mol% of PUFA, whilst DHA (15.25-26.71 mol%) and EPA (6.29-16.57 mol%) were found to account for the majority of the PUFA. With these data presented, cephalopod muscle can be considered as a healthy food for humans.


Assuntos
Glicerofosfolipídeos/química , Músculos/química , Animais , Cefalópodes , Estrutura Molecular , Especificidade da Espécie , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
20.
Food Chem ; 308: 125650, 2020 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31655477

RESUMO

This study aimed at investigating the formation and accumulation of 16 reactive aldehydes in clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) during oil frying in both the tissue and the oil using an HPLC-ESI-MS/MS methodology. After processing, the accumulation of acrolein, crotonaldehyde, pentanal, trans-2-hexenal, hexanal, trans, trans-2,4-heptadienal, heptanal, nonanal, trans, trans-2,4-decadienal and 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal was most noticeable in both fried clam and frying oil. Most of the aldehyde species showed a time- and temperature-dependent manner of formation and accumulation during frying due to continuous oxidative degradation under conditions employed. However, several species of aldehyde such as acrolein and trans-2-pentenal slightly decreased at higher temperatures and/or longer frying times, which may be due to the imbalance toward disappearance of aldehydes resulting from their evaporation under the extreme conditions. Presence of natural polyphenols in bamboo leaves significantly prevented the formation of aldehydes in both fried clam and frying oil due to their antioxidant activity (P < 0.05).


Assuntos
Aldeídos/química , Bivalves/química , Animais , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Culinária , Temperatura Alta , Oxirredução , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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