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Nat Commun ; 14(1): 2341, 2023 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37095113


Solution growth of single-crystal ferroelectric oxide films has long been pursued for the low-cost development of high-performance electronic and optoelectronic devices. However, the established principles of vapor-phase epitaxy cannot be directly applied to solution epitaxy, as the interactions between the substrates and the grown materials in solution are quite different. Here, we report the successful epitaxy of single-domain ferroelectric oxide films on Nb-doped SrTiO3 single-crystal substrates by solution reaction at a low temperature of ~200 oC. The epitaxy is mainly driven by an electronic polarization screening effect at the interface between the substrates and the as-grown ferroelectric oxide films, which is realized by the electrons from the doped substrates. Atomic-level characterization reveals a nontrivial polarization gradient throughout the films in a long range up to ~500 nm because of a possible structural transition from the monoclinic phase to the tetragonal phase. This polarization gradient generates an extremely high photovoltaic short-circuit current density of ~2.153 mA/cm2 and open-circuit voltage of ~1.15 V under 375 nm light illumination with power intensity of 500 mW/cm2, corresponding to the highest photoresponsivity of ~4.306×10-3 A/W among all known ferroelectrics. Our results establish a general low-temperature solution route to produce single-crystal gradient films of ferroelectric oxides and thus open the avenue for their broad applications in self-powered photo-detectors, photovoltaic and optoelectronic devices.

Adv Mater ; 33(29): e2006836, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34096113


Macromolecular films are crucial functional materials widely used in the fields of mechanics, electronics, optoelectronics, and biology, due to their superior properties of chemical stability, small density, high flexibility, and solution-processing ability. Their electronic and mechanical properties, however, are typically much lower than those of crystalline materials, as the macromolecular films have no long-range structural ordering. The state-of-the-art for producing highly ordered macromolecular films is still facing a great challenge due to the complex interactions between adjacent macromolecules. Here, the growth of textured macromolecular films on a designed graphene/high-index copper (Cu) surface is demonstrated. This successful growth is driven by a patterned potential that originates from the different amounts of charge transfer between the graphene and Cu surfaces with, alternately, terraces and step edges. The textured films exhibit a remarkable improvement in remnant ferroelectric polarization and fracture strength. It is also demonstrated that this growth mechanism is universal for different macromolecules. As meter-scale graphene/high-index Cu substrates have recently become available, the results open a new regime for the production and applications of highly ordered macromolecular films with obvious merits of high production and low cost.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 11(40): 37256-37262, 2019 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496216


Facet engineering of anatase TiO2 by controlling the {001} exposure ratio has been the focus of numerous investigations to optimize photocatalytic activity. In particular, an introduction of fluoride ions during the crystal growth has been demonstrated to be very effective and decisive in realizing the facet exposure of the crystals. However, a key role of fluoride ions in stabilizing {001} exposure and improving subsequent photocatalytic activity of anatase TiO2 remains unclear up to date. Herein, a controlled thickness of anatase TiO2 nanosheets has been realized by introducing different amounts of ethanol into a HF acid-assisted hydrothermal reaction. The thinnest nanosheets with a thickness of ∼2.9 nm were evaluated to have the highest H2 production rate of 41.04 mmol·h-1·g-1 under ultraviolet light irradiation, and the corresponding quantum efficiency was determined to be 41.6% (λ = 365 nm). Moreover, it is proved for the first time that fluoride ions are bonded with Ti vacancies on {001} facets, and such defects are crucial for stabilizing the ultrathin nanosheets and improving their electron-hole separation, therefore leading to a highly efficient photocatalytic activity. The findings offer an opportunity to engineer facets and functionality of anatase TiO2 by controlling surface defects.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 10(6): 5785-5792, 2018 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29368504


Freestanding and single-crystal BiFeO3 (BFO) nanoplates have been successfully synthesized by a fluoride ion-assisted hydrothermal method, and the thickness of the nanoplates can be effectively tailored from 80 to 380 nm by the concentration of fluoride ions. It is revealed that BFO nanoplates grew via an oriented attachment of layer by layer, giving rise to the formation of the inner interface within the nanoplates. In particular, antiferromagnetic (AFM) phase-transition temperature (Néel temperature, TN) of the BFO nanoplates is significantly enhanced from typical 370 to ∼512 °C, whereas the Curie temperature (TC) of the BFO nanoplates is determined to be ∼830 °C, in good agreement with a bulk value. The combination of scanning transmission electron microscopy, electron energy loss spectroscopy, and the first-principle calculations reveals that the interfacial tensile strain remarkably improves the stability of AFM ordering, accounting for the significant enhancement in TN of BFO plates. Correspondingly, the tensile strain induced the polarization and oxygen octahedral tilting has been observed near the interface. The findings presented here suggest that single-crystal BFO nanoplate is an ideal system for exploring an intrinsic magnetoelectric property, where a tensile strain can be a very promising approach to tailor AFM ordering and polarization rotation for an enhanced coupling effect.