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1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 605: 463-471, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34340033

RESUMO

The effect of the chemical component and microstructure, not to mention their facile modification, of the coating/wrapping carbon layer on the electrochemical performance of the Si/C composite anode in lithium ion batteries (LIBs) hasn't been actively explored although Si/C has been recognized as one of the most promising route for the high energy density LIBs. Herein we propose a novel nitrogen-plasma doping route to modify the top carbon film in an elaborately constructed layered Si/C composite anode. The electrochemical performance, e.g., the initial coulombic efficiency (CE), cycle stability and specific capacity of the composite anode is drastically improved by this plasma processing due to the increased kinetics of lithium ions. By means of the appropriate adjustment of the N doping ratio and N chemical configuration in the carbon layer through a N2/H2 plasma processing, the lithium diffusion rate in the composite anode was memorably increased as the pseudocapacitance effects promoted. The optimized Si/C composite exhibits a high capacity of 1120.7 mA h g-1 and an initial CE of 80.8% at the current of 2 A g-1 after a long cycle of 1500, increasing by ~40% of specific capacity and ~29% of the initial CE.

2.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 56(10): 1059-1065, 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34666466

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the expression and difference of melastatin-related transient receptor potential 8(TRPM8) among chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps and normal mucosa tissues. And to explore the significant expression of TRPM8 among CRSwNP. Methods: Fifty-one patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February 2019 to January 2020 were recruited, including 33 males and 18 females, aged from 14 to 65 years old (34.55±1.689).Immunohistochemistry was used to detected the expression of TRPM8 protein among CRSsNP(17),CRSwNP (17) and control tissuses(17). In addition, the correlation between the expression of TRPM8 protein in CRSwNP patients and preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and preoperative VAS scores and sinonasal outcome test-20 scores was analyzed, respectively. The primary human nasal epithelial cells were cultured in vitro and the expression of TRPM8 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting. The tissue in control group, chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) group and the CRSwNP group were collected and grinded into tissue homogenized. The expression of TRPM8 protein was detected by western blotting after 24 h stimulation after homogenate was added into the medium of RPMI 2650 and primary nasal epithelial cells. Results: Compared with the control, the expression of TRPM8 was significantly up-regulated in nasal polyps (t=6.852, P<0.05). TRPM8 was mainly expressed in epithelial cells. The expression of TRPM8 in the epithelial cells of CRSsNP had no difference with the control group (t=1.980, P>0.05). In addition, the expression of TRPM8 in CRSwNP patients was positively correlated with the preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and VAS scores and SNOT-20 scores (r=0.512, P<0.05;r=0.853, P<0.01;r=0.814, P<0.01). After cultured primary epithelial cells in vitro, the expression level of TRPM8 in epithelial cells derived from nasal polyp was significantly higher than that in control group (t=8.845, P<0.05). By adding the homogenization of control and CRSsNP and CRSwNP tissues, the expression of TRPM8 in RPMI 2650 cells and primary nasal epithelial cells was changed and that was significantly increased after adding the homogenization of the group of CRSwNP. Conclusion: TRPM8 is highly expressed in nasal polyps epithelial cells, suggesting that TRPM8 may be involved in the pathogenesis of nasal polyps regulated by nasal epithelial cells.

3.
Osteoporos Int ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34665288

RESUMO

We examined serum IGF-1 in premenopausal IOP, finding relationships that were opposite to those expected: higher IGF-1 was associated with lower bone formation and higher body fat, and lower BMD response to teriparatide. These paradoxical relationships between serum IGF-1, bone, and fat may contribute to the mechanism of idiopathic osteoporosis in premenopausal women. INTRODUCTION: Premenopausal women with idiopathic osteoporosis (IOP) have marked deficits in bone microarchitecture but variable bone remodeling. We previously reported that those with low tissue-level bone formation rate (BFR) are less responsive to teriparatide and have higher serum IGF-1, a hormone anabolic for osteoblasts and other tissues. The IGF-1 data were unexpected because IGF-1 is low in other forms of low turnover osteoporosis-leading us to hypothesize that IGF-1 relationships are paradoxical in IOP. This study aimed to determine whether IOP women with low BFR have higher IGF-1 and paradoxical IGF-1 relationships in skeletal and non-skeletal tissues, and whether IGF-1 and the related measures predict teriparatide response. METHODS: This research is an ancillary study to a 24 month clinical trial of teriparatide for IOP. Baseline assessments were related to trial outcomes: BMD, bone remodeling. SUBJECTS:  Premenopausal women with IOP(n = 34); bone remodeling status was defined by baseline cancellous BFR/BS on bone biopsy. MEASURES:  Serum IGF-1 parameters, compartmental adiposity (DXA, CT, MRI), serum hormones, and cardiovascular-risk-markers related to fat distribution. RESULTS: As seen in other populations, lower BFR was associated with higher body fat and poorer teriparatide response. However, in contrast to observations in other populations, low BFR, higher body fat, and poorer teriparatide response were all related to higher IGF-1: IGF-1 Z-score was inversely related to BFR at all bone surfaces (r = - 0.39 to - 0.46; p < 0.05), directly related to central fat (p = 0.05) and leptin (p = 0.03). IGF-1 inversely related to 24 month hip BMD %change (r = - 0.46; p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Paradoxical IGF-1 relationships suggest that abnormal or atypical regulation of bone and fat may contribute to osteoporosis mechanisms in premenopausal IOP.

4.
Braz J Biol ; 83: e244011, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468510

RESUMO

Climatic factors play an essential role in the growth of tree ring width. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between climatic variables and tree-ring growth characteristics of Pinus sibirica in Altai mountains, northwestern China. This study being is first of its kind on climate growth analysis of Pinus sibirica in northwestern China. The study showed great potential to understand the species growing under the specific climatic conditions. Total of 70 tree cores collected from three sites in the sampling area, out of which 63 tree cores considered for this study. The effect of climatic variables which was studied include precipitation, temperature and PDSI. Our results showed that Tree Ring Width chronology has a significantly positive correlation with the late winter (March) temperature and significant negative correlation with the July temperatures. A significant correlation was observed with the late summer precipitation whereas no significant relation found with the Palmer Drought Severity Index. These significant correlations with temperature and precipitation suggested that this tree species had the potential for the reconstruction of the past climate in the area.


Assuntos
Pinus , China , Secas , Temperatura , Árvores
6.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 33(4): 346-352, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34505440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the population dynamics and Echinococcus infections in small rodents around human settlement in Yushu City, Qinghai Province. METHODS: Rodents were captured using the mouse trap method in pastures from Batang Township and Longbao Township of Yushu City, Qinghai Province on May, August and October, 2018. The body weight and snout-vent length of all captured rodents were measured, and the species was identified according to the rodent morphology. Genomic DNA was extracted from rodent liver specimens and lesion specimens, and the mitochondrial cox1 gene of Echinococcus was amplified using PCR assay for identification of parasite species. In addition, the tissue specimens positive for PCR assay were sampled for pathological examinations. The prevalence of Echinococcus infections was estimated in rodents, and a phylogenetic tree was created based on Echinococcus cox1 gene sequences. RESULTS: A total of 285 small rodents were captured, including 143 Ochotona curzoniae (50.2%), 141 Lasiopodomys fuscus (49.5%), and 1 Neodon irene (0.3%), and there was a remarkable variation in habitat selection among these three rodent species. The number of L. fuscus correlated positively with vegetation coverage (r = 0.350, P = 0.264), with the greatest number seen in August, and the number of O. curzoniae negatively with vegetation coverage (r = -0.371, P = 0.235), with the highest number seen in August and the lowest number in May. The female/male ratios of O. curzoniae and voles were 1:0.96 and 0.82:1, respectively. The body weight (r = 0.519, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = 0.578, P < 0.01) of O. curzoniae showed a tendency towards a rise with month, while the body weight (r = -0.401, P < 0.01) and snout-vent length (r = -0.570, P < 0.01) of voles presented a tendency towards a reduction with month. No Echinococcus infection was detected in voles, while 2.1% prevalence of E. shiquicus infection was seen in O. curzoniae. Phylogenetic analysis revealed consistent sequences of cox1 gene from E. shiquicus in Yushu City of Qinghai Province and Shiqu County, Ganzi Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan Province. CONCLUSIONS: The small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City of Qinghai Province mainly include O. curzoniae and L. fuscus, with the greatest numbers seen in May and August, respectively. Following the concerted efforts for echinococcosis control, the prevalence of Echinococcus infections is low in small rodents around the human settlement in Yushu City; however, there is still a risk of echinococcosis transmission.


Assuntos
Equinococose , Echinococcus , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Echinococcus/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Filogenia , Dinâmica Populacional , Roedores
7.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(8): 561-568, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34420288

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical efficacy and pregnancy outcomes of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) based fertility-sparing re-treatment in women with endometrial carcinoma (EC) and atypical endometrial hyperplasia (AEH) who failed with oral progestin therapy. Methods: Forty cases with EC or AEH who failed to respond to oral progestin were included from January 2012 to December 2020 at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Combination of GnRH-a with levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (group GLI: a subcutaneous injection of GnRH-a every 4 weeks and LNG-IUS insertion constantly) or the combination of GnRH-a with aromatase inhibitor (group GAI: a subcutaneous injection of GnRH-a every 4 weeks and oral letrozole 2.5 mg, daily) were used for these patients. Histological evaluation were performed at the end of each course (every 3-4 months) by hysteroscopy and curettage. After the complete remission (CR), all patients were followed up regularly. Results: (1) Clinical characteristics:among the 40 patients with EC or AEH, the median age at diagnosis was 31 years (range: 22-40 years) and the median body mass index was 24.7 kg/m2 (range: 18.9-39.5 kg/m2). (2) Efficacy of fertility-sparing re-treatment: 37 (92%, 37/40) patients achieved CR, 6 (6/7) in AEH and 31 (94%, 31/33) in EC patients. The CR rate was 93% (26/28) and 11/12 in group GLI and GAI, respectively. The median time to CR was 5 months (range: 3-12 months). At the end of the first therapy course, the CR rates in AEH and EC were 5/7 and 42% (14/33), at the second course, the CR rates were 6/7 and 82% (27/33), respectively. (3) Recurrence: after 25 months of median follow-up duration (range: 10-75 months), 8 (22%, 8/37) women developed recurrence, 1/6 in AEH and 7 (23%, 7/31) in EC patients, with the median recurrence time of 18 months (range: 9-26 months). Among them, two cases who had completed childbirth chose to receive hysterectomy directly. Six patients met the criteria of fertility-preserving therapy and received conservative treatment again and 5 (5/6) of them achieved CR. (4) Pregnancy: of the 37 patients with CR, 33 desired to conceive. Ten women attempted to get pregnancy spontaneously and 23 cases with assisted reproductive technology. Fourteen (42%, 14/33) patients became pregnant, including 9 (27%, 9/33) live births, 3 (9%, 3/33) missed abortions, and 2 (6%, 2/33) miscarriages at the second trimester. Conclusions: GnRH-a based fertility-sparing re-treatment in AEH or EC patients who failed with oral progestin therapy achieved good treatment effect and reproductive outcomes. It is an encouraging alternative regime for patients who failed with oral progestin therapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Preservação da Fertilidade , Neoplasias do Endométrio/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina , Humanos , Hiperplasia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Gravidez , Progestinas
8.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365761

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the occupational hazards and the health status of workers in a candy manufacturing enterprise, to study the nonspecific effects of noise on cardiovascular and digestive systems, and to further explore the combined effect of noise and dust on workers' health. Methods: In 2019, all 564 employees of a candy manufacturing enterprise in Guangzhou were selected as the research objects. According to the exposure to occupational hazards, the research objects were divided into control group (101 persons) , noise exposure group (272 persons) and noise dust combined exposure group (191 persons) . According to the requirements of GBZ 188-2014 "Technical Specification for Occupational Health Monitoring", the employees were given occupational health examination. Blood pressure, electrocardiogram, liver function, binaural pure tone audiometry and other indicators were analyzed by gender, age and length of service. Results: The abnormal hearing rate of the workers in the control group, noise exposure group, and noise dust combined exposure group were 12.9% (13/101) , 24.6% (67/272) , and 36.1% (69/191) , respectively, showing a significant increasing trend (P<0.05) . Compared with the control group, the abnormal rates of electrocardiogram, abnormal blood pressure and fatty liver detection rate of the workers in the noise exposure group and the noise dust combined exposure group were significantly increased (P<0.017) . The abnormal hearing rate and fatty liver detection rate of male employees showed an increasing trend among the three groups (P<0.05) . The abnormal hearing and blood pressure rates of 40 to 49-year-old employees showed an increasing trend (P<0.05) . The rates of abnormal hearing of employees with≥50 years old and working experience <10 and 10-19 years showed an increasing trend (P<0.05) . The abnormal rate of electrocardiogram and the fatty liver detection rate of employees with more than 20 years of service had an increasing trend (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Noise is the main occupational hazard factor in candy manufacturing enterprises, which may be related to cardiovascular system and digestive system damage. At the same time, dust may strengthen the hearing loss caused by noise.


Assuntos
Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído , Ruído Ocupacional , Doenças Profissionais , Exposição Ocupacional , Adulto , Doces , Poeira , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/epidemiologia , Perda Auditiva Provocada por Ruído/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruído Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
9.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(6): 862-869, 2021 Jun 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238738

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the differences in gut virome and microbiome between patients with stroke and healthy volunteers. OBJECTIVE: Fifteen patients with acute ischemic stroke treated in the Department of Neurology of Nanfang Hospital between February, 2014 and February, 2016 and 15 healthy volunteers matched for age and sex were enrolled in this study. Virome sequencing and 16S rRNA sequencing were performed on stool samples of all the participants, and the composition and structures of the virome and microbiome were compared between the two groups. OBJECTIVE: No significant difference was found in the overall diversity of virome between the stroke patients and the healthy volunteers (alpha diversity: P=0.320; beta diversity: P=0.169, R2=0.037), but virome composition differed significantly between the two groups. The relative abundance of Bacteroides phage B40_8 and Cronobacter phage CS01 increased significantly in patients with stroke. The structures and composition of the microbiome in patients with stroke also differed significantly from those of the healthy volunteers (alpha diversity: P=0.950; beta diversity: P=0.005, R2=0.117). The relative abundance of Megasphaera increased while that of Bifidobacterium decreased in patients with stroke. Correlation analysis showed that in the virome of stroke patients, the relative abundance of the phage preying Streptococcus was positively correlated with that of their hosts (r=0.550, P=0.036), while in the virome of healthy volunteers, the relative abundance of the phage preying Faecalibacterium (r=0.520, P=0.049), Bilophila (r=0.541, P=0.040) and Roseburia (r=0.526, P=0.046) were positively correlated with that of their respective hosts. OBJECTIVE: Stroke patients have similar overall diversity of the virome to healthy volunteers but different virome composition and interaction patterns between the virome and microbiome. The gut microbiome also differs between stroke patients and healthy volunteers. The relative abundance of opportunistic pathogens increases but that of symbiotic bacteria decreases in stroke patients.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Microbiota , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fezes , Humanos , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Viroma
10.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 42(5): 390-395, 2021 May 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218581

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the effect of autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) on treatment remission and survival of newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM) patients. Methods: A total of 243 new diagnosed MM patients (age ≤65 years) who had received auto-HSCT were selected, and 176 MM patients (age ≤65 years) who had not received auto-HSCT were selected as the control group to evaluate the effect of auto-HSCT on the remission and survival. To balance the distribution of prognostic factors between auto-HSCT and non-auto-HSCT patients, the propensity score matching technique was used to reduce the bias between groups in a 1∶1 scale, 64 in each group, and correlation analysis was performed. Results: A total of 128 patients (64 cases in each group) were screened by propensity score matching analysis. 64 patients received auto-HSCT after induction therapy. After auto-HSCT, 24 patients (37.5%) obtained sCR, 16 patients (25.0%) obtained CR, 15 patients (23.4%) obtained VGPR, and 9 patients (14.1%) obtained PR. The efficacy of patients with auto-HSCT was significantly better than that of non-auto-HSCT patients (P=0.032) . Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were significantly longer in auto-HSCT patients compared with non-auto-HSCT patients[PFS: 42.2 (95% CI 29.9-54.5) months vs 22.4 (95% CI 17.1-27.7) months, P=0.007; OS: 87.6 (95% CI 57.3-117.9) months vs 53.9 (95% CI 36.1-71.7) months, P=0.011]. Multivariate analysis confirmed that auto-HSCT had a favorable effect on OS (HR=0.448, 95%CI 0.260-0.771, P=0.004) and PFS (HR=0.446, 95%CI 0.280-0.778, P=0.003) . Conclusion: These results demonstrated that auto-HSCT was a favorable prognostic factor for newly diagnosed MM patients.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Mieloma Múltiplo , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218556

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of chlorpromazine hydrochloride on proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of human diffuse large B lymphoma cells and its possible mechanism. Methods: In January 2019, OCI-LY3 and TMD8 cells were treated with different concentrations of chlorpromazine hydrochloride for 72 h, the proliferations were detected by Alamar Blue assay. The apoptosis and cell cycle arrest of OCI-LY3 and TMD8 cells were detected by flow cytometry with FITC annexin V/PI (propidium iodide) double staining and PI, respectively. The mRNA levels of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor P21, P27, CyclinD1 and S1PR2 were detected by RTqPCR. The protein levels of P21, P27 and S1PR2 were detected by Western blot. Results: With the increase of chlorpromazine hydrochloride concentration, the proliferation inhibition rates of OCI-LY3 and TMD8 cells increased at 72 hours, apoptosis and G1 cell cycle arrest increased at 24 hours. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of P21, P27 and SIPR2 mRNA in OCI-LY3 and TMD8 cells were increased at 10 µmol/L chlorpromazine after 12 hours treatment (P<0.05) . And there was no significant difference in the expression of CyclinD1 mRNA (P>0.05) . There was a similar increase in protein levels of P21, P27 and SIPR2 in OCI-LY3 and TMD8 cells after 24 hours of treatment (P<0.05) . Conclusion: Chlorpromazine hydrochloride at a specific concentration may inhibit the proliferation of ABC diffuse large B lymphoma cells by promoting the expression of S1PR2, and promote cell apoptosis and G1 phase cell cycle arrest.


Assuntos
Clorpromazina , Linfoma , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Receptores de Esfingosina-1-Fosfato
12.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(7): 867-874, 2021 Jul 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34304424

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics of cervical microbiota in patients with HPV (Human Papillomavirus) infection, and to analyze the associations of cervical microbiota and HPV infection or cervicitis. Methods: 300 samples underwent HPV nucleic acid testing was collected in this case-control study from June 2019 to April 2020 in the Zhujiang Hospital of Southern Medical University, there were 150 cases allocated in HPV infection group (HPV+), and 150 cases of negative nucleic acid test were non-infectious Group (HPV-). Next-generation sequencing was used to sequence the V4 region of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene, and QIIME pipeline was used to analysis the microbiota composition of the two groups. Wilcoxon rank sum test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to statistically analysis the differences of the microbiota between groups; and the α diversity and ß diversity of the flora between groups were statistically analyzed by Adonis multivariate analysis of variance and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: A total of 300 samples were analyzed in this study, of which 150 samples were HPV-positive and 150 samples were HPV-negative; among HPV-positive cases, 132 were infected by high-risk HPV (88.0%), and 18 were low-risk HPV infections (12.0%). The composition of the cervical microbiota were significantly different between the HPV+group and the HPV-group, which in the HPV+group, the α diversity of the cervical microbiota were significantly increased (Shannon index, W=8 174, P<0.000 1; PD whole tree, W=8 887, P=0.001 7). The ß diversity of the two groups was significantly different (Binary Jaccard, F=2.325 4, P=0.042 0; Bray Curtis, F=2.136 44, P=0.044 0). The relative abundance of Lactobacillus spp. and L.iners in the HPV+group sample decreased significantly (W=7 730, P<0.000 1; W=8 979, P=0.002 5), accompanied by enriched Achromobacter, Stenotrophomonas, Methylobacterium, Sneathia and Dialister. There was no significant difference in the composition of the cervical microbiota between high-risk HPV infection and low-risk HPV infection (F=4.100 4, P>0.05). In addition, cervicitis is significantly related to HPV infection (χ²=19.78, P<0.000 1), the composition of cervical flora has similarity features in cervicitis and HPV infection samples. Compared with the normal group, the cervical microbiota of cervicitis with HPV infection is mainly enriched in Achromobacter, Aerococcaceae, Streptococcus, Fusobacteria, and Xanthomonadaceae. Conclusion: The cervical microbiota of patients with HPV infection has a significant dysbiosis, with increased diversity and significant depletion of lactobacillus, accompanied by an increase in the abundance of pathogenic bacteria such as Achromobacter.


Assuntos
Microbiota , Infecções por Papillomavirus , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Papillomaviridae/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Vagina
13.
Pharmazie ; 76(7): 308-312, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34256892

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the pharmacokinetic behavior of abiraterone acetate after oral administration of a lipidbased formulation tablet and a reference preparation, and to study the relative bioavailability of abiraterone acetate released from the lipid matrix-based tablet. Methods: Beagle dogs received a single dose orally. The experimental dosage was 75 mg/tablet, and the reference dosage was 250 mg/tablet. Six beagle dogs in each group were investigated with the method of 3 × 3 cross-administration. Blood plasma was collected and centrifuged before administration and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, and 24 h after administration, and the plasma samples were analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Results: The half-life (T1/2) values of lipid-based formulation (LBF) abiraterone acetate tablet samples (75 mg/tablet) and reference tablets (250 mg/tablet) after oral administration were 3.42 and 4.27 h, respectively, while the area under the concentration time curve (AUC0-t) (h·ng/mL) values were 107.71 and 52.83, respectively. The F value of the relative bioavailability was 704.80%. Conclusion: The preparation method based on lipid matrix can significantly improve the bioavailability of abiraterone acetate tablets, which is a feasible method to improve the bioavailability of biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS) classIV drugs.

14.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34302684

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although the gut microbiota (GM) are associated with various diseases, their role in gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) remains uncharacterized. Further study is urgently needed to expose the real relationship between GM and GDM. METHODS: We performed a prospective study in 33 pregnant Chinese individuals [15, GDM; 18, normal glucose tolerance (NGT)] to observe the fecal microbiota by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing at 24-28 weeks of gestational age after a standard 75 g oral glucose tolerance test. Linear regression analysis was employed to assess the relationships between the GM and GDM clinical parameters. RESULTS: Sequencing showed no difference in the microbiota alpha diversity but a significant difference in the beta diversity between the GDM and NGT groups, with the relative abundances of Ruminococcus bromii, Clostridium colinum, and Streptococcus infantis being higher in the GDM group (P < 0.05). The quantitative PCR results validated the putative bacterial markers of R. bromii and S. infantis. Moreover, a strong positive correlation was found between S. infantis and blood glucose levels after adjusting for body mass index (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Three abnormally expressed intestinal bacteria (R. bromii, C. colinum, and S. infantis) were identified in GDM patients. S. infantis may confer an increased risk of GDM. Hence, the GM may serve as a potential therapeutic target for GDM.

15.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324162

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of this study is to explore the relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin-D(25-(OH)2D3) level and sweat function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 1021 patients with T2DM who underwent 25-(OH)2D3 level detections and sweat function tests was carried out. These individuals were divided into deficient groups (n = 154 cases), insufficient groups (n = 593 cases) and sufficient groups (n = 274 cases). Spearman correlation analysis and multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis were implemented to determine the association of 25-(OH)2D3 level and sweat function. RESULTS: The total presence of sweating dysfunction was 38.59%. Patients with a lower level of serum 25-(OH)2D3 had more severe sweat secretion impairment (P < 0.05). As the decrease of serum 25-(OH)2D3 level, the presence of sweating dysfunction increased (P < 0.05). 25-(OH)2D3 level was positively correlated with sweat function parameters, age and duration of T2DM were negatively correlated with sweat function parameter (P < 0.05). Multivariate stepwise linear regression analysis explored a significant association between serum 25-(OH)2D3 level with sweat function (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Serum 25-(OH)2D3 level was positively correlated with sweat function in patients with T2DM.

16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 53(3): 479-484, 2021 Jun 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34145848

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of parenting sense of competence scale (PSOC) in Chinese mothers of preschool children, and to explore the perception of preschool children's mothers on their own parenting skills and their comfort of being a parent in Yanqing District of Beijing. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sample in 1 384 preschool children's mothers in Yanqing District of Beijing. SPSS 21.0 and Mplus 7.4 software were used for statistical analysis to test the structural validity, criterion related validity, internal consistency and split half reliability of the scale, and to analyze the score of the scale and its influencing factors. RESULTS: The PSOC had good reliability and validity. Exploratory factor analysis showed that each item of the PSOC had more than 0.4 factor loading in efficacy factor or satisfaction factor, and there was no double load phenomenon. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the factor loadings ranged from 0.212 to 0.843 in efficacy factor and satisfaction factor, respectively. The goodness of fit test showed that all the fitting indexes were within the acceptable range, and the correlation between the effectiveness subscale and the satisfaction subscale was high. The Cronbach's α coefficient of the whole scale, the efficacy subscale and the satisfaction subscale were 0.872, 0.802, and 0.874, respectively. The Spearman-Brown coefficient of PSOC was 0.851. The average score of the whole scale, the efficacy subscale, and the satisfaction subscale were 72.33±11.31, 35.54±5.91, and 36.79±7.11, respectively, and the score of parenting competence in Chinese mothers of preschool children was influenced by the mother's educational level and the annual income of her family. CONCLUSION: The PSOC has satisfactory reliability and validity in Chinese mothers of preschool children. It can be used as an evaluation instrument for measuring the parenting competency, self perceived efficacy and satisfaction in the mainland Chinese mothers of preschool children. The competency of preschool children's mothers in Yanqing District of Beijing is very good, which may be related to the higher education level of the mothers and the higher annual income of their families in this study.


Assuntos
Mães , Poder Familiar , Pequim , Pré-Escolar , China , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 60(6): 544-551, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34058811

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the efficacy and safety of ticagrelor versus clopidogrel in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) Chinese patients using glycoprotein Ⅱb/Ⅲa inhibitor (GPI). Methods: The data from CCC-ACS (Improving Care for Cardiovascular Disease in China-ACS) project were systematically reviewed in ACS patients with GPI. The patients were divided into ticagrelor and clopidogrel groups. A logistic analysis and propensity score matching (PSM) were performed to compare occurrences of major cardiovascular events (MACE) and bleeding events between the two groups during hospitalization. Results: A total of 63 641 ACS patients were collected from 150 hospitals. Logistic regression analyses showed that there was no statistically significant difference in the reduction of MACE between ticagrelor and clopidogrel when using GPI (OR=0.881, 95%CI 0.599-1.296; P=0.521). However, major bleeding rate was higher in the ticagrelor group than that in the clopidogrel group (OR=1.401, 95%CI 1.075-1.852; P=0.013). Similar results were observed after PSM. No statistic difference in MACE between the ticagrelor and clopidogrel group (OR=0.919, 95%CI 0.613-1.376; P=0.681). Major bleeding rate was higher in the ticagrelor group (OR=1.559, 95%CI 1.130-2.150; P=0.007). Conclusion: In ACS patients with GPI, ticagrelor did not reduce MACE, but increased the major bleeding risk compared with clopidogrel.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , China , Clopidogrel/efeitos adversos , Glicoproteínas , Humanos , Ticagrelor/efeitos adversos
18.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(21): 1566-1571, 2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34098683

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the transcranial sonographic characteristics in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) with symptoms of restless legs syndrome (RLS). Methods: Patients with diagnosis of definite PD from the Second Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University and 3 other participating hospitals between September 2018 and December 2019 were consecutively enrolled. Concurrent RLS symptoms were determined using Non-motor Symptoms Questionnaire. Transcranial sonography (TCS) and clinical assessments were performed during the same time and the related variables were compared between the two groups using t-test, non-parametric test, Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis, respectively. Results: Among 349 patients with PD, the prevalence of RLS symptoms was 22.6%. Compared to patients without RLS symptoms, those with RLS had longer disease duration (43.0 (24.0, 91.0) months vs 37.0 (20.0, 60.0) months, P<0.05) and higher Hoehn-Yahr stage (2.5 (2.0, 3.0) vs 2.0 (1.5, 2.5), P<0.01).TCS revealed that patients with RLS symptoms were more likely to have abnormality in the raphe nucleus (21.50% vs 7.78%, χ²=15.9, P<0.001) and increased third ventricle width ((6.22±1.97) mm vs (5.16±1.90) mm, P<0.001). No significant differences were found regarding parameters of substantia nigra. Conclusions: Concurrent RLS symptoms are common in PD patients. Abnormal echogenicity of raphe nucleus and increased third ventricle width could be characteristics of TCS in PD patients with RLS symptoms.


Assuntos
Doença de Parkinson , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas , Humanos , Doença de Parkinson/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome das Pernas Inquietas/diagnóstico por imagem , Substância Negra , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ultrassonografia
19.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(6): 759-766, 2021 Jun 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34139817

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the association between shift work and the risk of lower extremity osteoarthritis. Methods: The study population came from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort established in 2008. In September 2008, the Dongfeng Motor Company in Hubei Province was to recruit all retired workers who voluntarily participated in the survey as the research objects. During the follow-up conducted from April to October 2013, a total of 14 438 retired workers, i.e. all of the participants who underwent physical examination were investigated about demographic characteristics, lifestyles, occupation history, and lower extremity joint-related medical history, and additionally completed lower extremity joint examinations. After excluding individuals with missing data regarding lower extremity osteoarthritis, with the history of lower extremity joint trauma, or with history of rheumatoid arthritis (N=532), data from 13 906 participants was analyzed in the study. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to estimate the association between shift work and lower extremity osteoarthritis. After stratified by the duration of shift work, multivariate logistic regression models were used to analyze the relationship between the duration after leaving from shift work and lower extremity osteoarthritis. Results: Finally, a total of 13 906 retired employees included 7 560 (54.4%) females with a mean age of 64.74 (standard deviation 8.23) years old. 5 537 (39.8%) workers had ever engaged in shift work, including 2 004 (14.4%) workers with 1-9 years of shift work and 3 533 (25.4%) workers with ≥ 10 years of shift work. The prevalence of lower extremity osteoarthritis was 7.0%, while the prevalence of knee osteoarthritis and hip osteoarthritis were 6.7% and 0.7%, respectively. Compared with daytime workers, shift workers showed a 22% increase in the risk of lower extremity osteoarthritis (OR=1.22, 95%CI:1.06-1.40). Each 5-year increase in the duration of shift work was associated with a 4% increase in the risk of lower extremity osteoarthritis (OR=1.04, 95%CI:1.01-1.08). With the extension of the duration after leaving from shift work, the risk of lower extremity osteoarthritis decreased. Similar relationships were found between shift work and the risk of knee osteoarthritis, as well as hip osteoarthritis. Conclusion: Shift work was associated with the increased risk of lower extremity osteoarthritis.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Osteoartrite do Joelho/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Aposentadoria
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