Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 140
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 146: 133-142, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751913

RESUMO

Avena sativa L. is the most important cultivated oat species worldwide. Although photoperiod-insensitive oat varieties exist, the molecular mechanisms underlying their photoperiod sensitivity are poorly understood. This study investigated the effects of day length on the fioral transition of oats and the mechanisms underlying oat photoperiod insensitivity. Photoperiod-sensitive and photoperiod-insensitive varieties, including gp012, were used in shading experiments, and the developing leaves and main shoot apices (MSAs) of the HONGQI2 and gp012 varieties were used for sequencing. Leaves and MSAs were collected in 2016, and their transcriptomes were sequenced. The photoperiod-insensitive varieties headed under both short-day and long-day conditions, while the photoperiod-sensitive varieties headed only under long-day conditions. A total of 60673 transcript sequences were obtained, 7932 of which were differentially expressed; 3194 and 4738 transcripts were differentially expressed in the leaves and MSAs, respectively. A total of 25793 transcripts were classified into 123 pathways based on the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database. The carbon metabolism pathways were dominant, followed by ribosome and protein processing in the endoplasmic reticulum. In addition, 203 transcripts were classified into the circadian rhythm pathway. Compared with the expression of pseudo-response regulator protein 37 (PRR37) in photoperiod-sensitive varieties, that in photoperiod-insensitive varieties was upregulated. Among the differentially expressed transcripts (DETs), 8 MADS-box genes were identified. PRR37 is a key regulator of oat photoperiod insensitivity. The obtained transcriptome dataset may provide a reference for analyzing oat transcript expression, and the results should be used as a reference for oat breeding and production.

2.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2019 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765616

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine oncologic and surgical outcomes after multiple pulmonary resections (MPR) for synchronous or metachronous lung cancer with multiple pulmonary sites of involvement (LCMPS) and to identify prognostic factors for these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from two Chinese high volume institutions. Eligible patients underwent MPR for synchronous or metachronous LCMPS. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) after MPR were analyzed, and prognostic factors were explored using multivariable Cox analysis. Postoperative mortality and major morbidities within 30 days were evaluated. RESULTS: In total, 142 patients were included: 36 (25%) underwent MPR for the metachronous disease, and 106 (75%) underwent MPR for the synchronous disease. Five-year DFS was 85.4% for the metachronous group and 69.1% for the synchronous group; 5-year OS were 86.1% and 84.8%, respectively. Five-year accumulated local and distant recurrence rates were 11.9% and 3.0% for the metachronous group and 26.6% and 5.9% for the synchronous group, respectively. In the synchronous MPR group, a larger sum of tumor size (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 1.00 ‒ 1.08) and regional nodal involvement (HR, 6.17; 95% CI, 1.42 ‒ 35.46) were both independently associated with worse OS. In the metachronous MPR group, the longer disease-free interval was independently associated with favorable OS (HR, 0.94; 95% CI, 0.88 ‒ 0.98) and DFS (HR, 0.96; 95% CI, 0.93 ‒ 0.99). There was no 30-day mortality. The overall rate of major morbidities was 12%. CONCLUSIONS: MPR is valid for patients with synchronous and metachronous LCMPS.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692119

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Avoiding abdominal incisions is one of the unique features of natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery. There has been no consensus on whether the avoidance of abdominal incisions can reduce the systemic inflammatory response after NOSE surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of transanal NOSE, especially the inflammatory response after transanal NOSE versus mini-laparotomy (LAP). METHODS: A total of 172 colorectal cancer patients who underwent transanal NOSE were matched with 172 patients who underwent LAP for colorectal cancer. Clinical characteristics, pathological features, perioperative parameters, and indicators of the inflammatory response were collected and compared. The inflammatory response was assessed by measuring body temperature, neutrophil count, C-reactive protein levels, and procalcitonin levels. RESULTS: Patients in the NOSE group had better short-term outcomes, such as lower incidence of wound infection, less postoperative pain, less need for anesthetic drugs, and faster recovery of intestinal function. Regarding the inflammatory response, the average body temperature of patients in the NOSE group was higher on postoperative day (POD) 2 than that in the LAP group. A higher median neutrophil count and C-reactive protein levels were observed in the NOSE group on POD3 and POD5 than was observed in the LAP group. CONCLUSIONS: Transanal NOSE is safe and feasible for colorectal cancer, with better short-term outcomes. Although transanal NOSE produced a larger systemic inflammatory response than LAP in the early postoperative stages, this response did not appear to translate into infectious morbidity.

4.
Eur J Pediatr Surg ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600798

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is a need to develop sensitive markers to diagnose or monitor the severity of intestinal damage in necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). Mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) is increased in the intestine and blood of adults in response to intestinal ischemia and can trigger secondary organ damage. We hypothesize that mtDNA is increased during experimental NEC and that mtDNA levels are correlated to the degree of intestinal injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NEC was induced in C57BL/6 mice (n = 18) (approval: 44032) by gavage feeding with hyperosmolar formula, hypoxia, and lipopolysaccharide administration from postnatal day (P) 5 to 9. Breastfed pups served as control (n = 15). Blood was collected by cardiac puncture and terminal ileum was harvested on P9. Reverse transcription quatitative polymerase chain reaction was used to measure mtDNA (markers COX3, CYTB, ND1) and inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 6 [IL-6] and tumor necrosis factor-α[TNF-α]) in blood and ileum. Intestinal injury was scored blindly by four investigators and classified as no/minor injury (score 0 or 1) or NEC (score ≥2). RESULTS: mtDNA is significantly increased in gut and blood of NEC mice (p < 0.05). Furthermore, mtDNA increases in intestine and blood proportionally to the degree of intestinal injury as indicated by a positive correlation with histological scoring and inflammation (r = 0.6; p < 0.05) (expression of IL-6 and TNF-α). CONCLUSION: Following NEC intestinal injury, mtDNA is released from the intestine into circulation. The blood level of mtDNA is related to the degree of intestinal injury. mtDNA can be a novel marker of intestinal injury and can be useful for monitoring the progression of NEC.

5.
BMC Surg ; 19(1): 137, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521147

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is common in elderly patients. Laparoscopy is widely used to approach this kind of disease. This study was to examine short-term outcomes and long-term survival for laparoscopic and open surgery in elderly patients with colorectal cancer. METHODS: From January 2007 to December 2018, patients with colorectal cancer older than 80 operated at China National Cancer Center were included in the study. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to minimize the adverse effects. The clinical data between open and laparoscopic surgery was compared, and the effect of factors on overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) was analyzed by Cox proportional hazard model. RESULTS: Ninety-three pairs were selected after PSM. Patients in laparoscopic group had less intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, time to first flatus, time to oral feeding, postoperative hospital stay, and higher retrieved lymph node (P < 0.05). The OS and DFS rates were similar (P > 0.05), besides the CEA level, III/IV stage, and perineural invasion were independent predictors of survival (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: In elderly patients with colorectal cancer, laparoscopic surgery had better short-term outcomes than open surgery. CEA level, III/IV stage, and perineural invasion were reliable predictors for OS and DFS.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias Colorretais/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Pontuação de Propensão , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Chem Asian J ; 14(21): 3946-3952, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556251

RESUMO

Molecular ferroelectrics have displayed a promising future since they are light-weight, flexible, environmentally friendly and easily synthesized, compared to traditional inorganic ferroelectrics. However, how to precisely design a molecular ferroelectric from a non-ferroelectric phase transition molecular system is still a great challenge. Here we designed and constructed a molecular ferroelectric by double regulation of the anion and cation in a simple crown ether clathrate, 4, [K(18-crown-6)]+ [PF6 ]- . By replacing K+ and PF6 - with H3 O+ and [FeCl4 ]- respectively, we obtained a new molecular ferroelectric [H3 O(18-crown-6)]+ [FeCl4 ]- , 1. Compound 1 undergoes a para-ferroelectric phase transition near 350 K with symmetry change from P21/n to the Pmc21 space group. X-ray single-crystal diffraction analysis suggests that the phase transition was mainly triggered by the displacement motion of H3 O+ and [FeCl4 ]- ions and twist motion of 18-crown-6 molecule. Strikingly, compound 1 shows high a Curie temperature (350 K), ultra-strong second harmonic generation signals (nearly 8 times of KDP), remarkable dielectric switching effect and large spontaneous polarization. We believe that this research will pave the way to design and build high-quality molecular ferroelectrics as well as their application in smart materials.

7.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(31): 4502-4511, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As one effective treatment for lateral pelvic lymph node (LPLN) metastasis (LPNM), laparoscopic LPLN dissection (LPND) is limited due to the complicated anatomy of the pelvic sidewall and various complications after surgery. With regard to improving the accuracy and completeness of LPND as well as safety, we tried an innovative method using indocyanine green (ICG) visualized with a near-infrared (NIR) camera system to guide the detection of LPLNs in patients with middle-low rectal cancer. AIM: To investigate whether ICG-enhanced NIR fluorescence-guided imaging is a better technique for LPND in patients with rectal cancer. METHODS: A total of 42 middle-low rectal cancer patients with clinical LPNM who underwent total mesorectal excision (TME) and LPND between October 2017 and March 2019 at our institution were assessed and divided into an ICG group and a non-ICG group. Clinical characteristics, operative outcomes, pathological outcomes, and postoperative complication information were compared and analysed between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared to the non-ICG group, the ICG group had significantly lower intraoperative blood loss (55.8 ± 37.5 mL vs 108.0 ± 52.7 mL, P = 0.003) and a significantly larger number of LPLNs harvested (11.5 ± 5.9 vs 7.1 ± 4.8, P = 0.017). The LPLNs of two patients in the non-IVG group were residual during LPND. In addition, no significant difference was found in terms of LPND, LPNM, operative time, conversion to laparotomy, preoperative complication, or hospital stay (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: ICG-enhanced NIR fluorescence-guided imaging could be a feasible and convenient technique to guide LPND because it could bring specific advantages regarding the accuracy and completeness of surgery as well as safety.

8.
Gastroenterol Rep (Oxf) ; 7(4): 272-278, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413834

RESUMO

Background and objective: Intra-corporeal delta-shaped anastomosis (IDA) is an important development in laparoscopic digestive-tract reconstruction. We applied it in laparoscopic right hemicolectomy for right colon cancer and compared the short-term outcomes between the patients treated with IDA and conventional extracorporeal anastomosis (EA). Methods: Between 1 January 2016 and 1 October 2017, 36 and 50 patients who underwent IDA and EA, respectively, were included. Data on clinicopathological characteristics, surgical outcomes, post-operative recovery and complications were collected and compared between the two groups. Results: Surgical outcomes and clinicopathological characteristics were similar between the two groups except the length of incision, which was significantly shorter in the IDA group than in the EA group (4.6 ± 0.6 vs 5.6 ± 0.7 cm, P < 0.001). The time to ground activities, fluid diet intake and post-operative hospitalization did not differ between the groups; however, the time to first flatus was significantly shorter in the IDA group than in the EA group (2.8 ± 0.5 vs 3.2 ± 0.8 days, P = 0.004). The post-operative visual analogue scale for pain was lower in the IDA group than in the EA group on post-operative Day 1 (4.0 ± 0.7 vs 4.5 ± 1.0, P = 0.002) and post-operative Day 3 (2.7 ± 0.6 vs 3.4 ± 0.6, P < 0.001). The surgical complication rates were 8.3 and 16.0% in the IDA and EA groups (P = 0.470), respectively. No complications such as anastomotic bleeding, stenosis and leakage occurred in any patient. Conclusions: IDA is safe and feasible and shows more satisfactory short-term outcomes than EA.

9.
Materials (Basel) ; 12(17)2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466224

RESUMO

In this paper, the microstructure, deformability, tensile properties, and phase hardness of the Ti-43Al-2Cr-0.7Mo-0.1Y alloy with a high ß phase content were investigated. Microstructural analysis showed that the ß phase precipitated not only at the colony boundaries but also inside the lamellae due to its high content. A high-quality forging stock was prepared through one-step noncanned forging. The total deformation reached above 80%, suggesting that the alloy has good hot deformability compared to other TiAl alloys. The deformed microstructure was composed of fine and equiaxed grains due to dynamic recrystallization. The high ß phase content was shown to contribute to the decomposition of the initial coarse lamellae. Tensile testing showed that the alloy has good room-temperature ductility, even if the ß phase content reaches above 20%. This is inconsistent with a previous study that showed that a large amount of the hard ß phase is detrimental to the room-temperature ductility of TiAl alloys. Nanoindentation testing showed that the hardness of the ß phase in the current alloy is about 6.3 GPa, which is much lower than that in the Nb-containing TiAl alloys. Low hardness benefits the compatible deformation among various phases, which could be the main reason for the alloy's good room-temperature ductility. Additionally, the influence of various ß stabilizers on the hardness of the ß phase was also studied. The ß phase containing Nb had the highest hardness, whereas the ß phase containing Cr had the lowest hardness.

10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16377, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335687

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Small intestine stromal tumors (SISTs) are a type of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) that has an insidious onset. Natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery has been gradually developed for the treatment of colorectal, stomach, small intestine, hepatobiliary, and gynecological tumors because of its safety and feasibility. This case study explored the possibility of applying the NOSE method for the treatment of SIST. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital after having an irregular abdominal mass for >1 month that was detected by a medical examination. Thoracic and abdominopelvic enhanced computer tomography revealed irregular masses on the left side of the abdominal cavity. DIAGNOSIS: Sist. INTERVENTIONS: Nose (laparoscopic resection of intestinal stromal tumors with transrectal extract specimen and no abdominal auxiliary incision) surgery was performed. OUTCOMES: The patient underwent operation successfully and recuperates well with no complications. LESSONS: Nose surgery is minimally invasive, results in patient recuperation with no complications, and is considered to be feasible for SIST treatment.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Neoplasias Intestinais , Laparoscopia/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/fisiopatologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Intestinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestinos/patologia , Intestinos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Cancer Manag Res ; 11: 5939-5948, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303795

RESUMO

Background: Transanal natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) in colorectal surgery has been introduced as a less invasive surgery. However, its long-term survival effects remain controversial. The aim of this study was to compare the short-term and long-term survival outcomes of transanal NOSE with those of the conventional laparoscopic approach with mini-laparotomy (LAP) for anastomosis construction and specimen extraction in sigmoid colon cancer or rectal cancer. Methods: From January 2007 to January 2018, a retrospective study was conducted at the China National Cancer Center. In total, 52 consecutive patients who underwent laparoscopic anterior resection with NOSE were matched with an additional 52 patients who underwent conventional LAP for colorectal cancer. Results: Patients in the NOSE group experienced shorter time to passage of flatus (2.8±0.8 vs 3.2±0.9 days; p=0.042), less pain (4.2±1.4 vs 5.4±1.7; p=0.003) and less analgesia required (7.7% vs 25.0%; p=0.032). After a median follow-up of 68.5 (range, 8-83) months, the two groups had similar 5-year overall survival rates (92.3% vs 94.2%; p=0.985) and disease-free survival rates (84.6% vs 86.5%; p=0.802). Conclusion: Transanal NOSE for total laparoscopic anterior resection is safe and feasible with more advantages, including lower pain, lower tissue trauma and faster recovery of intestinal function. Moreover, with proper protection of the surgical route, transanal NOSE has the same long-term outcomes as conventional laparoscopic surgery.

12.
World J Surg Oncol ; 17(1): 112, 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255181

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage (AL) is a common complication after anterior resection of rectal cancer. Few studies have been conducted to determine whether the traditional predictors of AL can be applied to elderly patients (age ≥ 80) undergoing anterior resection (AR) or low anterior resection (LAR) of rectal cancer. This study was designed to explore the predictive factors for AL after anterior resection of rectal cancer in patients over 80 years old. METHODS: From January 2007 to May 2019, consecutive elderly (age ≥ 80) rectal cancer patients undergoing AR or LAR at our institution were systematically reviewed. The general information, perioperative outcomes, and comorbidities were collected. RESULTS: A total of 288 consecutive patients were included in this study. The average age was 82.8 ± 2.4 years, and 30 (10.4%) patients developed AL. The univariate analyses showed that neoadjuvant therapy (50.0% vs. 27.9%, P = 0.013), the number of stapler firings ≥ 3 (60.0% vs. 36.0%, P = 0.011), and coronary heart disease (CHD) (46.7% vs. 17.8%, P < 0.001) were associated with an increased incidence of AL. The multivariate analysis showed that the number of stapler firings ≥ 3 (OR = 4.77, 95% CI = 1.33-15.21, P = 0.035) and CHD (OR = 8.33, 95% CI = 1.94-13.05, P = 0.003) were independent risk factors for AL. CONCLUSION: The number of stapler firings ≥ 3 and CHD were independent risk factors for AL in elderly patients (age ≥ 80) with rectal cancer. A temporary ileostomy or the Hartmann procedure is recommended for patients with CHD, male patients, patients considered to be obese, and patients with a lower tumor location, which may increase the number of stapler firings. Certainly, we recommend that the number of stapler firings should be minimized to alleviate the economic and physical burden of patients.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Retais/terapia , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/efeitos adversos , Fatores Etários , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Comorbidade , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante/efeitos adversos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Protectomia/métodos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Molecules ; 24(14)2019 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315294

RESUMO

The proton transfer mechanism on the carbon cathode surface has been considered as an effective way to boost the electrochemical performance of Zn-ion hybrid supercapacitors (SCs) with both ionic liquid and organic electrolytes. However, cheaper, potentially safer, and more environmental friendly supercapacitor can be achieved by using aqueous electrolyte. Herein, we introduce the proton transfer mechanism into a Zn-ion hybrid supercapacitor with the ZnSO4 aqueous electrolyte and functionalized activated carbon cathode materials (FACs). We reveal both experimentally and theoretically an enhanced performance by controlling the micropores structure and hydrogen-containing functional groups (-OH and -NH functions) of the activated carbon materials. The Zn-ion SCs with FACs exhibit a high capacitance of 435 F g-1 and good stability with 89% capacity retention over 10,000 cycles. Moreover, the proton transfer effect can be further enhanced by introducing extra hydrogen ions in the electrolyte with low pH value. The highest capacitance of 544 F g-1 is obtained at pH = 3. The proton transfer process tends to take place preferentially on the hydroxyl-groups based on the density functional theory (DFT) calculation. The results would help to develop carbon materials for cheaper and safer Zn-ion hybrid SCs with higher energy.


Assuntos
Carbono/química , Hidrogênio/química , Zinco/química , Teoria da Densidade Funcional , Capacitância Elétrica , Eletrodos , Eletrólitos , Líquidos Iônicos
14.
J Surg Res ; 243: 236-241, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Low anterior resections are increasingly performed laparoscopically for rectal cancer. Recently, natural orifice specimen extraction surgery (NOSES) has been reported as an alternative approach without additional incisions or extensions. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of NOSES by comparing the short-term outcomes with those of conventional laparoscopic resection (CLR) in a multicenter retrospective study from China and Russia. METHODS: The retrospective multicenter study was conducted at three centers between January 2015 and December 2017. Relevant collected data included patient demographics, operative parameters, and postoperative complications. All procedures were performed using either a NOSES or a CLR approach. RESULTS: The data of a total of 768 consecutive patients with rectal cancer were retrospectively analyzed, including 412 CLR and 356 NOSES cases. The two groups were comparable for all demographics and characteristics except for the median tumor size (P = 0.038). No difference was found in the operative time and number of retrieved lymph nodes. Intraoperative complications and positive resection margins were nil in both groups. No difference was found in the time to first flatus (P = 0.150), time to first defecation (P = 0.084), length of postoperative hospital stay (P = 0.152), anastomotic leakage (P = 0.377), and intra-abdominal abscess (P = NA). The CLR group but not the NOSES group had incisional hernia or wound infection events, although the difference between groups was not significant (P = 0.253). CONCLUSIONS: The NOSES procedure is a well-established strategy and may be considered as an alternative procedure to CLR for rectal cancer. However, the long-term benefits of this approach require further evaluation.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Brain Behav ; 9(8): e01297, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31225691

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Lowering homocysteine (HCY) has beneficial effects on vascular events in primary prevention but not in secondary prevention. Research on serum HCY level and middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis is lacking. The purpose of the study was to determine the association between these factors and provide more evidence for the prevention of ischemic stroke. METHODS: A total of 412 patients (35-93 years old) in the Neurology Department were recruited. Data of clinical and biochemical vascular risk factors were collected. MCA stenosis, including M1, M2, and M3, was determined by brain magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and classified into stenosis or no stenosis. The differences and associations were analyzed by relevant statistical methods. RESULTS: There was no significant difference (p = 0.325) in HCY levels between the MCA stenosis and no stenosis groups at baseline. Logistic regression analysis demonstrated that there was no significant association between HCY levels and MCA stenosis (p = 0.447). After the two groups were matched for age and sex, there was still no difference (p = 0.540 for males and 0.061 for females) or association (p = 0.709 for males and 0.098 for females). In addition, we found that ischemic stroke was more prevalent in the MCA stenosis group and uric acid was higher in males with MCA stenosis. CONCLUSIONS: The study indicates a lack of association between serum HCY level and MCA stenosis, which may partially explain the negative results of secondary prevention clinical trials focused on lowering serum HCY level. Future studies on HCY reduction should focus more on primary prevention of ischemic stroke.

16.
Inflamm Res ; 68(9): 739-749, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE AND DESIGN: The purpose of this study was to investigate the roles of SMYD3 and STAT3 in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and the possible underlying mechanisms. MATERIALS: Blood samples were collected from 20 patients with CLL and 20 hematologically normal donors. Human cell lines K562, HL-60, MEG-1, and BALL-1 were performed in vitro and BALB/c nude mouse was used in subcutaneous tumor experiments. TREATMENT: WP1066 (30 mg/kg) was also injected intratumorally two days after the first lentivirus treatment and then every four days for a total of four injections and 3 µM WP1066 was carried out for 48 h to downregulate STAT3 phosphorylation. METHODS: We performed studies using the human CLL cell line MEG-1 in vitro and nude mouse subcutaneous tumor experiments in vivo. Differential expression of RNAs was determined using qRT-PCR. The CCK-8 assay and colony formation assay were conducted to evaluate cell proliferation. Flow cytometry was performed to assess cell apoptosis. The relative protein levels were detected using western blotting. Chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assays, luciferase reporter assays and WP1066, a STAT3 inhibitor, were used to explore the regulatory mechanisms of proteases and transcription factors. A subcutaneous tumor model was constructed to verify the results in vivo. RESULTS: SMYD3 and STAT3 expressions positively correlated with the progression of CLL. Upregulation of SMYD3 significantly promoted the proliferation and inhibited the expression of apoptosis-related genes. The results of the ChIP assays and luciferase reporter assays suggested that STAT3 targeted the promoter region of SMYD3 and, thus, promoted SMYD3 transcription. Downregulation of the phosphorylation of STAT3 by WP1066 notably inhibited the binding of STAT3 to the SMYD3 promoter, and subsequently downregulated SMYD3 transcription. The STAT3 inhibitor inhibited CLL cell growth in vivo, and overexpression of SMYD3 promoted CLL cell growth. Furthermore, overexpression of SMYD3 reversed the inhibitory effects of the STAT3 inhibitor on CLL cell growth. CONCLUSIONS: The STAT3-mediated transcription of SMYD3 plays a role in promoting the progression of chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

17.
J Cell Biochem ; 120(9): 15709-15718, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31127650

RESUMO

Due to the increasing incidence and mortality, the early diagnosis, specific targeted therapies, and prognosis for colorectal cancer (CRC) attract more and more attention. Wild-type p53-induced phosphatase 1 (Wip1) and karyopherin α2 (KPNA2) have been regarded as oncogenes in many cancers, including CRC. Wip1 dephosphorylates p53 to inactivate it. TP53 activator and Wip1 inhibitor downregulate KPNA2 expression. Therefore, we speculate that Wip1 may co-operate with KPNA2 to modulate CRC progression in a p53-dependent manner. Here, Wip1 and KPNA2 messenger RNA expression and protein levels are significantly increased in CRC tissues and cell lines and are positively correlated with each other. Wip1 silence increases p53 phosphorylation while decreases KPNA2 protein. Wip1 knockdown remarkably suppresses CRC cell proliferation and migration while KPNA2 overexpression exerts an opposing effect. KPNA2 overexpression could partially rescue Wip1 silence-inhibited CRC cell proliferation and migration. Finally, Wip1 interacts with KPNA2 to modulate the activation of AKT/GSK-3ß signaling and metastasis-related factors. In summary, Wip1 could co-operate with KPNA2 to modulate CRC cell proliferation and migration, possibly via a p53-dependent manner, through downstream AKT/GSK-3ß pathway. We provided a novel mechanism of Wip1 interacting with KPNA2, therefore modulating CRC cell proliferation and migration.

18.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 10(11): 2849-2856, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084008

RESUMO

Hybrid organic two-dimensional (2D) materials heterostructures are attracting tremendous attention for optoelectronic applications due to their low-cost processing and complementary advantages. However, accurate understanding of the fundamental physics on the interface of the hybrid heterostructures at the single-molecule level remains largely unexplored. Here, we investigated the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between the single organic molecules and monolayer WSe2 through a newly developed single molecule microscopy technique, quantum coherent modulation-enhanced single-molecule imaging microscopy (QCME-SMIM). It is shown that the extremely weak energy transfer signal was successfully extracted from the huge fluorescence background, originating from the emission of monolayer WSe2. The observed energy transfer efficiency is in agreement with a d-4 distance dependence, with a Förster radius of ∼6 nm for the hybrid structures. Our work not only provides valuable insight into the FRET process at the single-molecule level across such hybrid organic-2D interfaces, but also demonstrates the feasibility of the newly developed technique for investigating the fundamental physics of electron transfer kinetics.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 678: 301-308, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075597

RESUMO

Heavy metals are widely recognized as toxic components in urban air particulate matter (PM). However, the major toxic metals and their interactions are poorly understood. In this study, we attempted to explore the toxicity contribution and combined effects of PM-bounded metals in human lung epithelial cells (A549). Real-time cell analysis indicated that the critical toxic concentration (EC50) of PM detected in this study was 107.90 mg/L (r2 = 1.00, p < 0.01). The cell viability of A549 increased significantly (12.3%) after metal removal in PM, demonstrating an important contribution of metal components to PM toxicity. Among eleven elements examined (Zn, Cr, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, As, Se, Sr, Cd, and Pb), six heavy metals (Zn, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, and Pb) might account for PM toxicity in A549 cells, and their co-exposure led to a high mortality of A549 cells (36.5 ±â€¯7.3%). For combination treatments, cell mortality caused by single or multiple metal mixtures was usually alleviated by Fe addition, while it was often aggravated in the presence of Mn. The varying effects of other metals (Zn, Cu, Pb and Cr) on different metal mixtures might be explained by their interactions (e.g., similar or dissimilar membrane transporters and intracellular targets). Furthermore, the concentration addition model (CA), independent action model (IA), integrated addition model (IAM) and integrated addition and interaction model (IAI) were used to predict mixture toxicity, and the IAI model exhibited the least variation between observed and predicted toxic effects (r2 = 0.87, p < 0.01). Our results highlight the potential contribution from heavy metals and their interactions to PM toxicity, and promote the application of toxicity prediction models on metal components in PM.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Metais Pesados/toxicidade , Material Particulado/toxicidade , Células A549 , Humanos , Testes de Toxicidade
20.
BMC Neurol ; 19(1): 97, 2019 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31092209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cerebral amyloid angiopathy-related inflammation (CAA-ri) is a rare clinical entity, characterized by headaches, seizures, rapidly progressive cognitive decline, behavioral changes and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings underlying the autoimmune and inflammatory reaction at the level of CAA-affected vessel. CAA-ri is likely responsive to corticosteroid. MRI shows asymmetric and multifocal white matter hyperintensity (WMH) lesions and multiple cerebral microbleeds. Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) ε4 homozygosity is associated with CAA-ri strongly [Neurology 68(17):1411-1416, 2007, Ann Neurol 73(4):449-458, 2013, J Alzheimers Dis 44(4):1069-1074, 2015]. SORL1 processes a causal involvement in Alzheimer's disease (AD) as a proposed modulator of the amyloid precursor protein (APP). It is unclear whether SORL1 is involved with CAA-ri or not. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old woman suffered from a one-day history of a headache, nausea, and vomiting. Neurological examination revealed normal. We diagnosed this case as probable CAA-ri according to the clinic manifestations and MRI. Gene detection indicated a rare variant in SORL1 and ApoE ε4 homozygosity. When treated with corticosteroid, the patient's clinical symptoms and MRI manifestations were almost relieved. However, when keeping the corticosteroid withdrawal for three months, the patient relapsed with a headache and typical images on MRI emerged. Corticosteroid therapy was effective again. Unfortunately, susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI) showed increased microbleeds. With tapering corticosteroid slowly, no recurrence was found on this patient with four-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: A variant of SORL1 may be associated with CAA-ri, recurrence of disease could be detected with MRI by an increased microbleeds. Our case report suggests that corticosteroid therapy might be effective for CAA-ri.


Assuntos
Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral/genética , Proteínas Relacionadas a Receptor de LDL/genética , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/genética , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiopatia Amiloide Cerebral/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA